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BRAVE ACT OF COUNT SCHWERIN, AS TOLD BY WIRELESS TO SAYVILLE, L. I. RESULTED IN WINNING A BUTTLE BERLIN, Saturday, Oct. 10.—(Via Wireless to Sayville, L. I.)—There has been given out here a story relating how Count Schwerin, a German officer who speaks English fluently, was suc cessful in obtaining information from the enemy, which resulted in the win ning of a battle by the Germans. WhrflP reconnoitering beyond the French lines Count Schwerin was dis covered by a French officer. He met the predicament by posing as an Eng lish officer who had lost his way. He asked the Frenchman questions as to how to reach the English lines. He explained that he had lost his way and became soaked in a heavy rain. He changed his clothes for those of a dead Prussian officer, he said, and was now fearful about returning to the English lines, believing he had a good chance of being shot as a Ger man. The French officer protested, but he remembered that the French had al ready shot several English officers, mistaking them for Germans, whom they resembled. Schwerin offered to take the Frenchman back and show him his discarded English uniform. This evidently convinced the officer for he took the count to his mess and the Frenchman entertained him at dinner. After dinner the count was given a horse and a French soldier was de tailed to escort him back to the Eng lish lines. Once mounted, Count Schwerin drove spurs into his horse and made a dash for liberty. He was followed by a storm of revolver bul lets. Fortunately his horse stumbled and the bullets sped over his head. He succeeded in regaining the Ger man lines with certain military infor mation of value. OPENING OF STOCK ETCHANGE DEPENDS UPON THE RAILROADS NEW YORK, Oct. 13.—In response to demands from all parts of the coun try, concerning the prospects for the establishment of official quotations on securities and the probable time for re opening of the New York Stock Ex change, the exchange ruled today that it would permit dealings among mem btrr in listed, guaranteed stocks at l r 'ce concessions, but that in all prob ability no quotations would be given officially until the stock market re sumed operations. When ihat will ha is no clearer than when the market closed two and a half months ago It was said generally, in the finan cial district, that more depended upon the outcome of the application of the eastern railroads for a freight rate in crease than any other factor, except ing, perhaps, the duration of the Eu ropean war. In the view of Wall street, the existing railroad situation has passed beyond the question of valuation of railroad holdings and has become merged with every phase of business. This is the view which is to be presented to the interstate com merce commission when railroads next week again state their case in Wash ington. Should the increase be granted, it is said, a long step will have been taken toward the re-establishment of norma) conditions and it would naturally lead to the opening of the exchange. RED CROSS SOCIETIES CANNOT MINISTER TO ALL THE SUFFERERS WASHINGTON, Oct. 13.—Foreign Red Cross societies are overwhelmed and able to give little assistance to the sufferers of the war, says an of ficial statement issued tonight by the Red Crbss headquarters here. The sit uation in territories where the con tending armies have been engaged, the statement says, is beyond de scription. An unnamed army officer, just re turning from the war zone, is quoted as saying that in one little country church he saw 400 badly wounded sol diers, who also suffered from hunger. Red Cross representatives could give them but slight attention. A call for contributions to relieve the sufTerers from famine, earth quakes and civil disorders in China Turkey and Mexico, respectively, was issued tonight by the Red Cross. In the provinces of Kwang Tung and Kwang Si, China, flood damage is un precedented. The natives have noth ing to eat and in many places cannot even get the leaves of trees to satis fy their hunger. LONG RACE TO SEE SON. PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 13.—A 4,000 mile race to reach their son before he died was lost by the parents of 9-year old John P. Heller, whose death from injuries received in a football game was reported today to the county cor oner. Clyde A. Heller, the boy's father, is president of a mining com pany with interests in Alaska. He and Mrs. Heller were in Vancouver, Brit ish Columbia, on their way to Alaska when they were informed that their son had been seriously injured. Char tering a boat and a special train to San Francisco, they hurried to this city, only to learn that the boy had died. Chester Grow is in from his home stead near Denton for a day or two PEACE PRESENT HAS ARMY SWORDS CONVERTED INTO PAPERWEIGHTS IN FORM OF PLOWSHARE8. GIFTS TO NATIONS SIGNED UP WASHINGTON, Oct. 13.—Ratifica tions of the peace commission treaty between the United States and Guate mala were exchanged at the state de partment today and the first of the conventions designed by Secretary Bryan, to guard this nation from sud den war, went into effect. Each government now is engaged in selecting its representative on the per manent commission, created under the treaty, to weigh all disputes between the two nations for at least a year before each country shall make war like preparations. The third commis sion will be selected by these two. With the exchange of ratifications, the signing today of treaties with Ecuador and Greece and the announce ment that similar conventions with Sweden will be signed in a few days, Secretary Bryan made public the fact that he has the blades of a score of condemned army swords converted into paperweights in the form of plow shares, which will be presented to the ambassadors or ministers of the 29 powers now signatory to peace commission treaties with the United States. On each will be engraved the prophecy of Isaih: "Thy shall beat their swords into plow shares." The hilts of the weapons melted down will be presented to the members of the s"nate foreign affairs committee. The senate also made progress with the peace treaties today, ratifying those with China and Russia. Twenty one of the 29 conventions have been approved by the senate and await only the form of senate ratifications to go into effect. THIRTY BILLIONS A YEAR. Thirty billions of dollars in one yeai is the estimate of the money cost of the war offered by Chairman Gary of the United States Steel corporation. He has seen other estimates and he has put his own higher than any of them. Fifty millions or dollars a day, of $18,000,000,000 a year, seems to him much too low. Let it be assumed that his figures are approximately correct. The "armed peace" was expensh e. In 25 years the great powers of Eu rope spent $25,000,000,000 on their armaments. The "race" had become so intense that, in 1913 alone, accord ing to a French economist, the six powers in the two alliances spent $2, 000,000,000 on their armies and naviejs. For 1914-1915, it was estimated that Russia, Germany, France and England would spend on these "guarantees of peace" a billion and a half. Comparing the military cost of peace in Europe with Judge Gary's estimate of the military cost of the war, one finds that in a year war costs about 15 times as much as peace. This form of calculation does not consider the indirect and remote costs of the pres ent struggle. The question how long Europe can endure the strain of ex penditure 15 times greater than the expenditure of the armed peace now becomes uppermost. Two of the belligerents. France and Austria-Hungary, showed signs of tax exhaustion in the few years immedi ately preceding this conflict. Even in Cermany and Great Britain, the in-, crease in the percentage of expendi ture on armaments since 1875 had ex ceeded the percentage of increase in average 'incomes. It was only a ques tion of time, as things were going, as suming that "armed peace" had been permanent, when all the powers would have reached the point of exhaustion,! notwithstanding the annual increase in the production of wealth. What the! world now witnesses, from the eco-i nomic point of view, is the sudden and violent compression of that prolonged financial contest In peace armaments into the short period of a year, more or less. Assuming that, in the absence of de cisive military strokes, the war be comes one mainly of economic super iority, the period of a vear seems rea sonable to accept as the probable ap proximate duration of the armed col Msion in the present scale of opera tions. The Britist naval estimates and the British income tax doubled simul taneously in the 14 years prior to 1910, and the United Kingdom might have endured to have had both doubled again in the next 14 years. This war Is approximately costing 15 times as much as the previous armed peace. That is to say, the Britist economic strength to endure another doubling of the income tax is now being spent in about one year's time. Thirty billions' of dollars a year for war! The total amount of the world's savings annually invested in securi ties had reached about four billions. That fact, compared with the expendi ture now going on in Europe opens one's eyes to the possible economic endurance of the combatants. The cost to Europe of the Napoleonic wars in 1806-1808, according to Najo 'eon's budgets, averaged about $83,• 000,000 a year. The net cost of 22 years' fighting against Napoleon cost England some four bi.tons of dollars. England could easily spend that now within two years. The comparisons are suggestive, not scientific, because the wealth of those countries is today so much greater than 100 years ago. -—O— TURKISH ARMY. ROME, Oct. 13.—(Via Paris, 10:13 p. m.)—According to a dispatch received here the German officers at Constanti nople estimate the Turkish army at 900,000 men. The estimate made here on figures from reliable sources places the number at between 600,000 and 700,000. SANTA FE ROAD GAVE MONTANA MINING MAN SPECIAL RATE ON MACHINERY. WILL AGGREGATE TWO MILLIONS SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 12 —At a bearing here today, before a special ex aminer of the interstate commerce commission, alleged copies of private correspondence between President E. p. Ripley of the Santa Fe railway, and former United States Senator . A. Clark of Montana, were introduced, nurporting to show that the railroad had allowed Clark a secret late on machinery to his smelter wordks at Clarksdale, Ariz. W. C. Donnelley, until March 1, 1913, confidential secretary of Edward Chambers, vice president of the Santa Fe, testified that he had abstracted from the office private letters and had made copies of them for his own use. Some of the originals, Donnelley admitted, he had obtained by the use of specially made keys. The copies of the letters, shown to examiner Henderson, indicated that Clark and his interests enjoyed a transcontinnental rate of $1.50 per 100 pounds of machinery, the open rate being $1.87Vi. The hearing was in response to a petition by Donnelley, who seeks to obtain a refund from the Santa Fe of the rate charged for the Western machinery company, et al. G. H. Ba ker, Santa Fe rate clerk, stated that if the railroad was ruled against t>» the commission, it would be forced to make refunds aggregating $2,000,000. ALFRED ATKINSON OF MONTANA MAKES STIRRING ADDRESS AT DRY FARMING CONGRESS. SHOULD GET MORE LIVESTOCK WICHITA, Kan., Oct. 13—A plea for diversified farming in the western states and advise as to forage crops in the semi-arid districts was given by Alfred Atkinson of the Montana ex periment station at Bozeman before the International Dry Farming con gress here today. Other speakers urged co-operation among farm women and described the work the United States department of agriculture is doing to aid the women of the farm. The welfare of farm children was also discussed. "Farmers in the semi-arid section should diversify and should get more livestock," Mr. Atkinson said. "In this way his products may be more profit ably marketed and his labor problems more easily solved. "A substantial amount of forage can be harvested with the early maturing corn and they are adapted to certain methods of handling which make them fit well into the dry farmers' possibili ties. The chief difficulty between han dling corn on the western dry farms and in the central west comes in the harvesting. "Alfalfa has shown itself well suit ed for dry land growth in most of the northwestern states. When once es tablished the roots are able to gather moisture from a considerable depth and fair yields are harvested." BRYAN SAYS FOUNDATION FOR UNIVERSAL PEACE IS LOVE PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 12.—Voicing the sentiment that the only foundation for universal peace is love and not preparedness tor war, William J. Bryan, secretary of state, and Oscar S. Straus, former secretary of com merce and labor, were the principal speakers at an impressive peace dem onstration here tonight in Convention hall. Mr. Bryan said that the world may have needed one war to prove the "fallacy of the dostrine that prepared ness for war can give assurance of peace." Mr. Straus made a vigorous defense of The Hague peace tribunal and de clared that the war in Europe was in no way an indication that the perma nent court of arbitration at The Hague was a failure. "It is not for us to apportion the blame for this, the moBt colossal and sanguinary war of all history," de clared Mr. Straus, "but rather to search how we may, as a nation and a people, contribute to bring this war to a close under conditions that will insure, as human ingenuity is capable of, a righteous and permanent peace." ---O- WILL OBSERVE TREATY. BERLIN, Oct. 13.—The Netherlands was officially notified today by Ger many that the status of the River Scheldt will be regarded by Germany as heretofore. There will be no ques tion of forcing the Scheldt or using it for public use not sanctioned in the treaties. NOT MUCH TO REPORT. PARIS, Oct. 13.—The official com munication, issued by the French war department tonight, says: "With the exception of an advance of some Im portance in the vicinity of Berry-au Bac (on the center) there is nothing FOR L0N6 TIME ENGLISHMAN SAYS GERMANY SECURED ANTWERP TO MAKE IT GREAT NAVAL PORT. HOSTILITIES MORE THAN ONE YEAR LONDON, Oct. 12.—Earl Curzon of Kedlston, formerly viceroy of India, in a speech at a war meeting at Harhow school, said tonight that the taking of Antwerp was a deliberate part of the German plan. "Germany has taken Antwerp to fortify it, to keep it, to make it a great naval port, to use it as a great jump ing off place for her future attempts upon this country. It is no temporary occupation unless we make it so." The speaker added that by forti fying Antwerp, Germany would secure a grip on the whole of Belgium, make Holland play her will and then settle down to her main object—the destruc tion of this country. He said England was in for a long war and declared he was shocked that some people should think the hostilities would be over by Christmas. In his opinion more than one Christ mas would roll by before the ending of hostilities. In conclusion he advised his hearers not to begin to divide up the German empire "before you have got hold of it." ALASKAN COAL BILL. WASHINGTON, Oct. 12.—The AUih kan coal land leasing bill, recommit ted to conference by the senate, was agreed on today and will be urged for adoption in both houses this week. The report was presented in the senate and went to the calendar. The conferees struck out the provisions dealing with court hearings or disputes with lessees, substituting the section providing ap propriate remedies for breach of con ditions specified in the lease. They also extended the right to lease to municipalities. PRESIDENT INDORSES GLYNN. NEW YORK, Oct. 13.—President Wilson's indorsement of the democra tic state ticket, headed by Governor Martin H. Glynn, was brought here tonight by Secretary of State Bryan, who, addressing a mass meeting in the Brooklyn Academy of Music, said that the president Is deeply interested in the success of the democratic party in New York. SEEKING GERMAN MERCHANTS. BORDEAUX, Oct. 13.—(11:15 p. m.) — M. Brland, the minister of justice has instructed all the district attor neys in France to seek out and se questrate all goods belonging to Ger man and Austrian firms, many of whom, it is declared, have either formed stock companies or taken shel ter behind third parties of French na tionality. AUSTRIANS PROUD OF AIRMEN. ROME, Oct. 13.—(Via Paris, 1:30 a. m.)—The Austrians are proud of their aviators, who since the beginning of the war, have covered 12,000 miles In their machines without being caught by the Russians, according to dis patches received here. The airmen have done good scouting service, it is said, getting exact details regarding the Russian advance. a? 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HIBBARD, General Passenger Agent MANY WOUNDED ARE LEFT ON THE BATTLEFIELD DAYS WITHOUT AID LONDON, Oct. 13.— (1I:45 p m.l — An epidemic threatens the battle line in the western theater of war, accord ing to Major Louis Seaman, of the United States army, an expert in mili tary sanitation and surgery, who reached here from France today. The men living in the trenches are unable to observe the ordinary sanitary rules and take and retake each others ground, said Major Seaman. Hereto foie good weather had favored both sides, but now the nights are growing cold. The major visited all the hos pitals and said that dysentery and pneumonia are prevalent. Many wounded soldiers are dying of infec tion, due mainly to shrapnel wounds and to delay In applying first aid. Many nre left two or three days on the bat tlefield without attention. The Paris hospitals are doing excellent work, said Major Seaman, particularly the American hospital. There is plenty of room in Paris now as the wounded are being moved to the south. During the early fighting at Soissons Major Seaman got between lines of shell fire but escaped uninjured. SECRETARY BRYAN STARTS ON A LONG SPEECH-MAKING TOUR WASHINGTON, Oct. 13.—With his speech tonight in Brooklyn Secretary Bryan will begin a campaign tour which probably will keep him away from Washington two weeks and take him into the northwestern stateH. From Brooklyn he goes again to Ohio, cov ering points in the state he did not touhe during the trip which ended Saturday, and then he will hasten to Kentucky and Tennessee for one-day r.gagements In each state. Dates for the secretary's trip beyond Tennessee iemain to be fixed. REBELLION HAS STARTED IN NORTHWEST CAPE PROVINCE CAPETOWN, Union of South Africa, Oct. 13. (Via London, 11:27 a. in.) - It has been officially announced Imre H at a commander under Colonel Ma ritz has rebelled in the northwest of Hu Cape provinces. Martial law lias bet n proclaimed throughout tne Union. The rebellion among the forces of Hie northwest Cape province lias been brewing since the resignation of Gen crnl Hevcrs as cniiiiunntlcr-iu-cliicf or the union forces. As soon as the government realized this situation it sent Colonel Brits to relieve Marita of his command. Col onel Brits then discovered that Maritz was commanding German troops as well as his own, and that he had Ger man guns in his possession. Maritz, who hud been given the German rank of General, hud arrested those of Ids officers and men who were unwilling to Join the Germans and bad sent them ns prisoners of war to German South western Africa. "In view of this state of affairs," concludes the official statement, "the government Is taking drastic steps to quell this rebellion and punish all reb els and traitors according to their deserts." ASK FOR ANNULMENT. WASHINGTON, Oct. 13.—Applica tion was made in the supreme court today for annulment of an indictment in New York charging Jared Flagg, Daniel M. Morgan, former treasurer of the United States, and several oth ers with misusing th emails to sell stocks. It was alleged that the In dictment was based on information ob tained by postoffice Inspectors raid ing the offices of the accused men. The application was based on a decis ion of the court last spring, restrict ing the right of federal officials to seize private papers. It is now sought lo have the court hold that no valid indictment can be made on papers pro cured in such a way.