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Good Banking Service
-mcragg- -jju —m—-m— »i . 1— ina Means a bank conveniently located, with facilities for handling your business promptly and carefully: A bank with a savings department paying u liberal rate of interest; A bank with safety deposit vaults for the safekeep ing of papers and oilier valuables; A bank where courtesy and politeness can always be found: We offer such service and invite your business. Empire Bank and Trust Company LEWISTOWN, MONTANA I great governors during the comparat ively brief period of her statehood. Sam Stewart, in solid ability and de votion to the exacting responsibilities of his great position measures up with the greatest of them. He lias dis charged his duties fearlessly and with a regard only for the best interests of the half million people of Montana. He is entitled to the respect and sup port of every good citizen in the state. Owing to my absence from the state during the course of the present, campaign, I am not fully advised as to character of the representations being advanced by my distinguished oppon ents in support of their respective cau didacies. I assume that they are basing their claims on something more substantial than the mere fact that they are out and want to get in. What has ceased to be an argument which carries much weight with an intelligent electorate. It is to be expected that they will attack the present administration but upon wiiat grounds can they base such attacks? Has the administration of Wcodrow Wilson been a failure? Has the democratic party under the mag netic and successful leadership of the si.ent, thoughtful, hard working man in the White House been untrue to its promises to the American people? lias it failed to sustain the most glori ous traditions of this wonderful na tion of ours? Has it proved recreant to the trust reposed in it by the hun dred million people of this sisterhood of states? Has it been false to the teachings of the fathers of the re public? Has it thwarted the expressed desires of our citizenship? Has it yielded to the importunities of any unworthy inflence or compromised in any degree with special interests? These are the questions upon which the issues qf this campaign are based. They touch upon maPers which it is my purpose to discuss briefly here tonight. Time will not permit me to review in full all of the achievements of the present administration. They consti tute a record of constructive reform never equalled in the history of this or any other nation. They are within themselves the best answer to every criticism of our opponents, a refuta tion of every charge that might be trumped up against the party of Jef ferson and Jackson and Wilson. Six years ago, the people were de manding that the oppressive burdens imposed by an unjust and discrimina tory tariff law be lifted from the bncks of the people cf this country. The republican candidate for president and republican speakers and papers everywhere solemnly promised to yield to that demand They were given the opportunity to fulfill that promise but failed, tailed so miser ably that, four years later, those lead ers were repudiated by the most over whelming verdict ever rendered in the history of American politics. As a result }of.) that broken pledge, the democratic party was, two years ago given the reins of power in this gov ernment and with what results? Thirty days after the inamruration | of a democratic president, the con gress of the United Slates was called together in extraordinary session for the purpose of enacting a new tariff law. In six months, that congress had completed its great task. It had! spread upon the statute books a tariff law which meets the demand for lower duties on imports, a law honestly drawn, a law designeu to take from 4 ' c shoulders of the poor some of the heavy burdens of taxation and place them on the shoulders of those better able to bear them, a law wiping out 4 ' - night of special privileges and yet one capable of raising sufficient revenue for the conduct of the govern ment. I cannot refrain from pointing out how that law was constructed as com p-red to the manner in which other tariff laws of recent times, republican t"riff laws, were constructed. Form or'v, when it came time for congress t« frame a new tariff law, the city cf Washington became the temporary r 1 of the paid agents of every special privilege seeking corporation In the land. The corridors and com mittee rooms < Monal capital were crowded with men who knew v ''at they wanted and how to get it. The agents of the sugar trust w r rote the sugar schedule. The agents of the woolen trust wrote the wool sched-; The agents of the chemical trust: wr-ot.e t K e chemical schedule and so on; down the line. The so-called renre-j sentatlves of the people were but] puppets in the hands of powerful lob-i bvists. Everybody had a hand in the framing of tariff bills in those days except representatives of the nine mil lion farmers in this country, the six mi'lion men who toil in mine and fac-i torv and mills and stores in our land. When the present congress began the work of writing a new tariff act, -he city of Washington was again in vaded by this small army of lobbyists' for favor seeking interests. Iiut be fore the work was more than started,! the president of this nation exposed ihe efforts being made to again de-' feat the wishes of the people. He denounced the agents of the favored few and as a result of his fearless and timely action, select committees from both the houses and senate began the work of letting in the light of day upon the methods pursued by the pow erful agencies of corruption. At first, our republican friends sneered at the very thought that, there were or everl had been any "insiduous lobbyists"! in or near Washington. As the in-] vi stigation progressed, as expose fol-] lowed expose, as the skeletons were' dragged forth from the closets by the confessions of Mulhall and others of bis type, sneers gave way to silence.! When that investigation was begun,' there was a sudden and precipitate hegira of lobbyists fioin the sacred environs of the national capital, and the duly elected representatives of the| people went forward with their task o! writing a revenue law in accord ■nee with the needs of the nation and tiie wishes of their constituents tin-' hindered by the insiduous activities of special interests. When the Underwood tariff law was placed on the statute books, the tariff ceased to become an issue in Ameri ca politics. Schedules may be chang ed to meet changing conditions of trade and commerce but whatever party may be in power there will never again be a general revision of the entire fabric of that law. Grant-j ing that the republicans should again come into power, they will never dare try to undo that great work by a demo-' viatic administration for the reason that the American people neither want it nor will they permit it. 1 lie business of the country has been readjusted to meet the changed conditions, competition will flourish under its beneficient provisions, the burdens of taxation are more equitably! distributed, monopoly will become less oppressive and the small man is given an even break with the big man in the fight for industrial supremacy. This task well done, the administra tion turned to its next great problem, the revision of our curiency and bank ing system. For more than half a century we have been doing business' under a system of banking and cur-] rency which was the despair of every business man and banker, the laugh ing stock of every financial expert the! world over. Our republican friends! were in power for sixteen years of that time, they admitted the necessity ■ or a new statute upon that subject, • t in all of the time of their reign, they tailed to take one step toward correcting a most deplorable situation. Within a few months, the democrats completed that herculeon task They brought forth a banking and currency system which is acclaimed as the greatest ever devised by the brain of man. They made a law which will prevent such devastating panics as that which swept this country seven years ago, a law which tears the fin ances of this country from the ton la e'es of Wall street, a system which expands the credit of the farmers of this country more than five hundred million dollars, a law which will be an "id to every worthy enterprise in the and. No greater legislative achieve ment has been accomplished in fifty years than the enactment of the Glass-Owen currency and banking law "d for which the president is very largely responsible. The democrats made effective the constitutional amendment providing tor the direct election of United States senators. They passed an in-! co-ne tax law which, together with the' corporation tax, will raise one hundred million dollars annually for the sup-1 port of the government and take it' rom these best able to pay while re-j lieving to that extent those less able] to pay. A democratic president avert-1 ed a great railway strike which would have paralyzed every industry in the: west. A democratic administration has placed the great post office depart on a paying basis for the first time! on our history. A democratic con-' gress has passed laws for the effective dissolution of trusts and monopolies operated in restraint of trade. A de-| mocratic administration appropriated five hundred thousand dollars for the' eradication of hog cholera and one hun-1 dred thousand dollars for stamping out a most malignent horse disease in Montana. A democratic administra-! tion enacted a law providing for farm extension work which will eventually benefit every farmer in the land, a! democratic congress has opened up the great territory of Alaska for rational development through the construction of railroads and the leasing of the' vast coal fields which the republicans' have kept locked up for eight years. A democratic house passed bills for the development of water power and mineral lands in the public land states. A democratic administration passed a law for the relief of thousands of set t'ers cn reclamation projects in the west. A democratic president has kept this nation out of war and so conducted the foreign affairs of the government as to win the respect and admiration of the entire world. A democratic congress had remained in session constantly foi more than IS months and a demociatic president has never faltered for a moment in the performance of duties which called for greater patience and more infinite tact than has been required of any other chief magistrate since the days of the immortal Lincoln. '' his, I submit to you, my fellow I citizens, is the record of the demo ciatic parly, made in less than two rears ol time. I could proceed and enumerate scores of lesser accomplish ments but they are unnecessary for the purpose of convincing any person of intelligence that we have kept the iaith, that we have fought a good fight, that we have restored the rule of the people of this iVeat govern ment of ours. I repeat, upon what grounds can our opponents appeal to you for your sup port? If restored to power would they repeal any of the laws which I have enumerated? Would they restore the Payne-Aldrich tariff law to the statute books? Would they permit the horde of the lobbyists to rescue their power in the halls of congress. Would they repeal the new banking and currency . i end restore the old system in its ■ - d? Would they revert to the days < f dollar diplomacy in our dealings with foreign nations? Would they again look up the matchless resources of Alaska? Would they repeal the income tax? Would tney repeal the reclamation extension act without which every one of the great projects in this state would be doomed to failure? If they would not do these things, then upon what theory can they justly claim that the administra tion of Woodrow Wilson has been a inilure? If they would do these things, what do they offer the American peo ple instead of those measures? Grant ing that they would leave those things ; s they are, what program of reform do they offer? What would they do in addition to tnat which has already been done and how would they do it? No political party is greater than its leader. That the democratic party has been successful is due to the fact that the nand of destiny guided it when Woodrow Wilson was chosen as its leader. What of the leadership of the republican party? In a republican senate, Gallinger and Smoot and Pen rose would Hold the places of power. In the house, they are seeking to send t ack Cannon and McKinley and Rod enburg, discredited relies of an out worn system, to assume their old pre eminence. Would you prefer a Taft to a Wilson in the White House? I wish I had time to talk to you at length upon tne work of the present administration insofar as it affects our own great state. Some of it has come very close home to thousands of the people of Montana. The appropriation lor the eradication of horse dourine will save the stockmen of the stale hundreds of thousands, perhaps mil lions, of dollars. The enactment of the reclamation extension act means success instead of failure to the hun dreds of settlers on the four great government projects in Montana. Secretary Franklin K. Lane of the in terior department, ha3 instituted re forms in that department which makes it easier for the thousands of home-! steaders to build their homes in peace 1 and security on the millions of acres ol public domain in our state. In the 1 general land office, much dead timber! has been removed, much red tape cut 1 away and the issuance of patents and the settlement of controversies over! land matters have been greatly ex-! pedited. Public land surveys have been' hastened through the increased effi-| ciency of the geological survey. Asi soon as the conservation bills have all! been enacted into law, there will be' brought about an Immediate develop men t of our vast water power possi bilities and the opening up of thou sands of acres of coal lands which have been kept under lock and key 1 for the last decade and more. The conservation program of the present administration contemplates that the present generation shall have the op portunity to enjoy some of the riches with which nature has so prodigally endowed our wonderful state. Now, my fellow citizens, with your kindly indulgence, I am going to talk to you for a moment on matters more or less personal in character. I have come before you this evening as a candidate for re-election to the house of representatives. With my colleague, Judge Evans, and myself, this cam paign was almost ended before it was fairly begun. While our distinguished opponents have had the opportunity to go among the people in all parts of the state and present their arguments, we must content ourselves with ap pearances in less than a dozen com munities. But we do not complain up on that score. As the chosen repre sentatives of half a million people in one branch of the greatest legislative, body on the face of the earth, there 1 happened to be some work for us to do at the nation's capital. We felt that we should be recreant to the trust imposed in us, that we would be faithless to our solemn obligations as public servants to quit Washington before the job was finished. We neither deserve nor ask for any special consideration for performing that simple duty. We invite you to search the records which we have made dur ing the last twenty ininths. Others have been kind enough to lay these matters before you. If we have failed in any respect, we except your dis approval. But if we have been faith ful, if we have done those things which you would have had us do, if we have! been true to your interests, diligent! in our efforts to accommodate and serve you, w f e ask your support. There is yet much work to be done; there! ts infinite service still to be rendered! and if elected, we simply pledge you] our word to keep on in the way that we have started, to give heed to every request that comes to us for service; it matters not whether it be from the proudest or the humblest citizen of t ds state. During the last twenty months we have served many of you, served you gladly. If re-elected we will welcome the opportunity to be of service to many more of you. In this connection, it has occurred to me that it has been easier, during the last few months, for public men ■ 'I this country to do their work well; to strive that they might measure up to the responsibilities of their posi tions, to disregard personal discom forts and face the dangers of political reverses than ever before. Especially have those of us down there in Wash ington had constantly before us such an example of disinterested devotion ! tf) public service, such an example of self-sacrificing steadfastness to the work at hand that tasks which, under different conditions, might have seem ed onerous in their exactions have been robbed of their perplexities. Whatever destiny the future may hold in store for me, whether victory or defeat shall be my portion on Tues day next, I shall forever hold it as a priceless privilege to have been per mitted to play even an humble part in the administration of Woodrow Wil son. Our opponents may criticize and complain; they may jeer and deride; they may appeal with fervor to the decadent spirit of blind partizanship, but they may as well attempt to sweep back the angry waves of the seven seas as to try to convince the Am erican people that this man has been a failure, that he has not made head way against oppression, that his acts have not glorified the institutions of this great republic, and that under his guidance, this government has not won the profound respect of every na tion beneath the stars and made itself the one hope of liberty loving people throughout the world. The other day I left the city of Washington and traveled for three days and as many nights toward the setting sun. In that journey of over two thousand miles, I passed through a dozen great cities and hundreds of smaller towns and villages. I crossed lofty mountain ranges and high above mighty rivers. I whirled down through beautiful valleys and across vast stretches of undulating prairie. I tra versed forests and gazed upon mile after mile of level plain. And every where along the jouiney, I saw the mighty processes of civilization at work. In the cities the black smoke curled up from the chimneys of busy factories and church spires helped the tops of lofty skyscrapers and the flags Routing from the roofs of schools and colleges to form the sky lines of those vast centers of population. In the smaller towns and vilages, I saw men and women going about their daily tasks and heard the laughter of chil dren at their play. In the valleys and out across the prairies, I saw comfort able farm houses; the men working in the fields, some harvesting the crops of grain with which to feed a hungry world; others planting for an other season. The silent forests be spoke peace and contentment and the promise of shelter in the days to come. Over the far-flung plains, herds of cattle and sheep and horses were grazing, gathering strength against the rigors of the winterish winds. Then, at night, as I sped along, I thought of another scene across three thousand miles of angry sea. I thought of mighty cities made deso late by the mad fury of fire and sword. I thought of deserted towns and vil lages, lately the scenes of pillage and revenge. I thought of churches and proud cathedrals leveled to the earth by shot and shell. I thought of beau tiful valleys made tenantless by the scourge of war, of plains trembling be neath the tread of mighty armies, of rivers running red with blood down to the seas. I thought of sad faced women waiting for the dread word from the battle's front, of mothers sending forth their sons to unholy sacrifice, of wives made widows and children orphaned that monarchs might appease their lust for power. And yet another picture passed be fore my mind. I saw the man in the White House, a man who had devoted his life to the study of the great prob lems of government, one supremely tied in every way for the biggest job on earth. I saw him assailed as a "schoolmaster in politics," and by his acts of practical statesmanship, turn those sneers into cheers. I saw him confronted by problems such as no other man in half a century and more lias had to face and saw him solve them in a manner which met with the cordial approval of our nation. I saw him beset with the cruel and unfair practices of those who would have had us send an army marching across the Rio Grande to wage war upon an un happy and strife torn nation and yet hold steadily to the pathway of peace. I saw him heavy hearted in an hour of great personal grief and yet un-j yielding in his devotion to his coun try's needs. I saw him pile up victory after victory in the fight for the newer freedom and grew in the confidence and affection of a grateful people. I see him today, a quiet, determined, thoughtful man, unimbittered by the cruel shafts of unjust criticism, phy-i sically fit after months- of terrific toil, intellectually alert after weeks of un ceasing mental strain, the greatest president this nation has had since the days of the Great Emancipator. TROUBLE IS THEY'RE NOT STILL Christobel Pankliurst has come to America, where a suffragette still stands some chance of getting atten tion.—Detroit Free Press. To Make Second Picture. In the motion picture film of Judith Basing farming and Lewistown which was displayed last week at the Bijou theater, there is one portioned which will be re-photographed in order that the picture may go to the Montana building at the San Francisco fair ex cellent in everv detail. That part of the film which showed Main street did not show up to the best advantage, as it was taken too rapidly. The pic ture man will be here the last of the week and will photograph Main street from the mill to the court house from the top of Scovel's big bus, where he can get everything lined up to the best advantage. ACTUAL FACTS SOME COMPARISONS THAT TELL OWN STORY AND CLINCH THE ARGUMENT. • ovide More Room, Turn Students or Close Up County High School Enti-oly FACED BY CONDITION NOT HIFflRY UUHU! I lull HU I illLUIli - , Tu . „ . . One of Three Courses Open, Either to Away the Fergus During the present discussion rela-' noses* 0 t b l° nd iS T f °V ligh f f h001 P ur ' p ses, the question has often arisen ihp t0 p '° W 116 baildlI ? g eQU, P ment of the Fergus county high school com pares with that of the other high schools of the state. For definite data upon which comparisons may be made, Principal Sackett lias sent out ques-! tionaires to all of the county high schools of the state and to ascertain of the district high schools where reg istration of pupils and nature of work done is similar to that of our own school. Facts were obtained, cover- j ing the registration, both as to resi dent and non-resident students; the in crease in registration since 1910; the extent of floor space available in their ; buildings; the cost of different build ings of the state; expenditures for; building purposes within last year, and buildings to be built or provided for within the present year. For lack of j room only summaries of this data can be given. The average of all county high school buildings and of district school buildings which would show a school registration equal to 7.21 students to every 1,000 square feet of floor space. No other school ran above 12.1 stu , ---- — dents—the average for Gallatin Coun tv High School at Bozeman, which like Fergus county has sustained a heavy increase in registration in the last few years. Fergus county High school shows a registration of 15.4 students to 1,000 square feet of floor space—more than twice the average registration of the schools of the state, If the other schools are crowdee, as is the cry from all over the state be cause of the rapid setlement of this new state, the need of Fergus county can be graphically be seen—when we reflect that it has more than twice the population per unit of building area than have the average of the! schools of the state. Broadwater County High school. having a registration of only 3.19 students per 1,000 square feet of floor is bonding at the November space, is oonamg ai me November election for a $38,000 addition to their building. The statistics given may, at first thought, seem to give ample room. 7.21 pupils, the average for the state, or even 15.4, the number for Fergus County, in an area ten by one hundred feet would not mean undue congestion if applied only to seating space, but it should be remembered that, in each case, It means gross floor area, includ ing hall ways, stairways, closets, room permanently required for apparatus, boiler rooms and coalbunkers. The averages were figured in each case alike from the building plans of the buildings compared. Now when we realize that with the proposed addi tion, the enlarged building will, next year, have a population average of 7.01, in other words, for the first year of occupancy, have an averge of crowd ing barely below the average of the schools of the state, it can be seen that the bonding proposed for additional room is not to be termed extravagant I or unwarranted. It has been further computed from answers to these questlonaires that the average value of high school build ings of the state per pupil of errrll ment is $303.56. The value of the pre sent Fergus county high school build ing divided by the present registration gives a value per pupil of only $158.US. In other words our pupils have only $158.68 worth of building provided for their use—while the pupils of the other schools of the state have an average! of $303.56. The Beaverhead county! high school has a building costing 1 $690.51 per pupil in attendance. Add ing $14,000, the amount of the pro posed bond for addition to our high school to the present value of the building and dividing by a registra tion of 237 for next year, which should be our registration if the increase in next year's registration is propor tional to the increase in this year's registration over that of last year—and we would have a valuation of $253.16 per pupil. The enlarged building, then, would go into service for the first time, next year, $295.35, allow ing for the enrollment of that year, only $256.16 of building equipment per pupil—an amount considerably less than the value supplied by the other schools of the state. Surely, in their, demand, the board have been most conservative and have considered—not the possibilities, but the barest needs of the school. Surely the bonding proposition is justified in recognition of the school's! present needs and in comparison with the equipment which the other coun ties and towns are furnishing for the work in education. Let us consider the matter with reference to the needs of the future. It has been computed from the data furnished by the ques tionaires, that the registration In the other high schools of the state has increased since 1910, an advance of 51.1 per cent. This is a high per cent of increase which Is bringing the necessity of increased building this year, to several schools beside our own. Gallatin county high school, which earlier In this article, was shown to have a school building with a den sity of population next to that of Fergus county, has had an increase of enrollment since 1910 of 75.5 per cent Fergus county high school, however, shows an increase In attendance since 1910 of 109.68 per cent, a growth un paralleled by any other school in the state with which it may be compared The question of additional room is not debatable. It cannot be other than inevitable that a school which more than doubles its registration in four years should need additional room. With the rate of growth just indicat ed, it is an indisputable fact that the Fergus county high school must next year do one of three things. Have more room. Take in only a part of its pupils, which is unthinkable, for all may legally demand an education, or close its doors Thpre are now iq& *- udents eni ; oiied - with two recna tion rooms impressed into service for assembly purposes, there are 191 seats in the building. No more seats can by any possibility be added. Aisles are now set at sixteen inches, r, '' ler ® are no other rooms available. A condition has already came when there are pupils in attendance who have no seats and who are forced to stand in the .halls or sit in the principal's office is'only withn^t^elr^how^eT'thit 1 we are concerned, for not until next year can the proposed addition be available. Let the voter carefullv con sider the conditions for this year. Let him imagine this year's registration increased bv 27 per cent—the average increase for the past four years—and picture the result. Do we want a school, next year_ or not? -O- No t ice for Publication, . . .. r nnH P owni 1 * th< ? . Interi ° r ; u - s - o„ tnh ® e 1 n 1 t * I ' cwistown ' Montan i i= , „ . .- ^ . T 7 T ) i tba * Anaa z j ni „'w " f h ® lr ° f Carl L - on Decpmhcr v To^ Mcntana > who - stead en ir T Nn'luuJ'f-ir si'n Sef L 1 n w u S A, S ' W # Township U? N^ Ranc^So'"r °M™ tana Meridian, has filld notice tention to make five-year proof to es tablish claim to the land above de scribed, before Register and Re ceiver at Lewistown, Montana, on the 1st day of December, 1914. Notice is hereby given that Anna T. Z. von Tobol, sole surviving heir 1 Yuli a» uie surviving neir of Bernhard O. Zillisch of Lewistown, Montana, who on April 29, 1908 made homestead entry No 04482 for W V> S.E.14 S.E.Vl See. 34 and S W % s'"/ y u Sec. 35, Twp. 13 N Range 20 f' Montana Meridian, has filed notice of intention to make five-year proof to establish claim to the land above de scribed, before the Register and Re ceiver, at Lewistov/n, Montana, on the 1st day of December, 1914. Claimant names as witnesses, Rud olf von Tobel, Thomas G. Nielsen, Al bert Olsen, Henrietta von Tobel] all of Lewistown, Montana, H. J. KELLY, Register, 10-29-5t. -O- Attorney S. E. Peterson was in the city yesterday from Moore. _ — 9^ -o FOR EXCHANGE if you have anything vou want to trade and none of the follow ing items interest you, come in and tell me what you have and what you want in trade. Perhaps we can match up something for you. Two hundred acres good land, 2% miles from station, 100 acres seeded. Will take auto as part payment. Land is mortgaged for $4,500. One hundred and sixty acres tillable land, 4 miles out; 60 acres seeded; 18 payments due the state at 5 per cent. Will take livestock for equity. Five hundred and twenty acres, 1 % miles out; mortgaged for $6,500. Will consider trade outside the state. Six hundred acres, with creek across it; fine stock ranch. Want city property or smaller farm. Three hundred and twenty acre relinquishment, 3 miles from new town. Will take any thing worth $1,000 that can be turned into money. General merchandise business in the Judith Basin; stock and buildings, $12,000. Will take im proved or unimproved land or city property. Another general store, close to Lewistown; stock and buildings, $10,000. Will take cattle or sheep. Four-room house, with bath, in Park addition. Will take land and pay small difference in cash. Swell apartment rooming house in Spokane, Wash. (54 rooms), monthly income $450; Owner paid $7,500, but will take $5,000. Will trade for Lewistown property or land. Fourteen dwellings and a three-story business block, clear of incumbrance, bringing big in come. Wants equipped stock ranch worth $30,000. Lewistown rooming house for trade; 50 beds and a money maker; sell or trade $750. Have 12 head work horses to trade. What have you of equal value? My office is the headquarters for TRADERS. If you have any thing to offer, come In and list it and get quick action. One can always trade when he cannot sell. D. J. FOX 105 North Fourth Avenue.