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" 5 jus County Democrat OF INTERESTIN' READING MATTE ft ftbr.rta. TWELVE PAGES Helena VOL. XI., NO. 40 LEW1STOWN, FERGUS COUNTY, MONTANA, JUNE. 24, 1915. OF INTERESTING READING MATTER PRICE FIVE CENTS LEMBERG RETURNS TO AUSTRIA AFTER A DESPERATE STRUGGLE TEUTONIC ALLIES w Rulers of Three Nations Exchange Telegrams of Felicitation. BERUNIS DECORATED Statement from Vienna, Delayed in Reaching London, Saye the Russian Defensive F'ositions South of Town Were Completely Broken In the As sault Tuesday—Other Positions Fell After Violent Fighting in Which the Vienna Landwehr Particularly Dis tinguished Themselves—All Russian Counter Attacks in North Repulsed. LONDON, June 24 (2:36 a. m.) —A Russian official communica tion received here confirms the statement of the Austrians and Germans that the Russians on June 22 evacuated Lemberg and continued to retreat on a new front. LONDON, June 23 (6:30 p. m.) The news of the fall of Lemberg pro duced an outburst of wild joy through out Austria and Germany, says a dis patch from Amsterdam to the Ex change Telegraph company. All Ber lin is flag bedecked. Emperor Wil liam of Germany and Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria-Hungary exchanged long telegrams of felicitation. The Sul tan of Turkey telegraphed at length, both to Berlin and Vienna. The school children of Germany and Austria will be given a holiday tomorrow. VIOLENT FIGHTING. LONDON, June 23 (7:35 p. m.)—An official statement issued at Vienna un der date of Tuesday, but which was delayed in reaching London, describes the fighting immediately preceding the fall of Lemberg as follows: "The Russian defensive positions to the south of the town have been com pletely broken by our troops. Some fortifications on the western and north western front of Lemberg came into our possession after violent fighting in which the Vienna Landwehr particu larly distinguished themselves. Ger man troOps stormed the positions west of Kitlokow and north of Lemberg, re pulsing all the Russian counter at tacks." LONDON WAR REVIEW. LONDON, June 23 (10:35 p. m.).— The Russians have lost Lemberg. They occupied the Galician capital, early in September and held it con-1 tinuously until Tuesday, when the! combined Austro-German forces com-' pelted them to retreat from the city, I which is only 60 odd miles due west| from the nearest point of the Russian frontier. ; Whether the fall of Lemberg means that the Russian army operating south' of it in southeast Galicia is effectively i cut off from the army to the north, j stretching across Poland to the Baltic, j cannot yet be said. The newspapers' of both Vienna and Berlin say this is! the case and that the Russian army j has received a blow from which they 1 cannot recover. If the stroke proves as crushing as! the Teutons predict, its effect, mili tary observers here say, soon should! be felt in the transfer of vast German! forces to the west, where for days 1 they have been hard pressed by the; French. j Petrograd has conceded the fall ofj Lemberg. Previous dispatches from; the Russian capital, however, related details of what purported to be the systematic withdrawal of the Russians (Continued on page six.) Women Render British Army Heroic Assistance LONDON, June 22.—(8:45 p. m.)l—The valuable and heroic assistance which women are rendering the British armies in fighting the Germane is recog nized in a dispatch from General French just published here. In the dispatch Ganeral French in cludes among the names of those "recommended for gallantry and distinguished service In the field" 58 women connected with various branches of the military nursing service and of the Red Cross. MORE EVIDENCE WASHINGTON, June 23.—Fui ..vidence of interference with ne mails passing through England in a neutral European country, ad dressed to a person in the Un States and bearing across its torn the printed legend: "Opened by son." complained recently that United States mail to Sweden had been opened and tampered with in England. It is understood that the Swedish minister has inquired whether the postofflee department can arrange for limiting the transmission of Swedish mail on steamers that do not touch at English ports. WILSON LEAVES WASHINGTON, June 23. — Presi dent Wilson left tonight on a trip to Rcslyn, N. Y., and Cornish, N. H„ with the expectation of being away from Washington until July 6 unless some acute crisis should arise in pending foreign questions. On the trip north the president will be accompanied by Miss Margaret Wilson and Dr. Carey T. Grayson. He wijl be joined at Cornish by Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Sayre and Francis Woodrow Sayre, the president's grandson. During the president's stay in Cornish he will be kept in constant touch with developments in the Euro pean and Mexican situations by White House and state department officials, Every effort will be made, however, to prevent minor questions from reach ing him, in order that he may have as much recreation as possible. CZAR GOES TO THE FRONT. LONDON, June 23 (11:26 p. m.).— Emperor Nicholas left for the front to day, according to Reuter's Petrograd correspondent. Leader of Auto Bandits in Frisco Is Arrested SAN FRANCISCO, June 21— Implicating himself as the leader of a band of automobile bandits, according to the police, Frank Dunn confessed today to fourteen hold-ups and names as hie col leagues two other men who are also under arrest. The gang has been operating in San Francisco with stolen automobiles for two weeks. Eleven victims were held up in five days and one of them was shot, perhaps fatally. ELECTRICAL STORMS ABB HEAVY RAINS SWEEP SOUTHWEST LITTLE ROCK, Ark., June 23. — Continued electrical storms, accom panied by heavy rains, were reported today in western Arkansas and In eastern Oklahoma, visited by a terri fic wind storm yesterday. Fruit crops are said to have suffered heavy losses. At Gans, Okla., Mrs. Lige Gipson was killed yesterday by a tornado. Wire communication with many towns of the state still is out. 8TORY IS DENIED. WASHINGTON, June 23.—Official denial of the story printed at The Hague that Japan was prevented from sending 300,000 troops to Europe as the result of an unofficial hint to Great Britain from Washington, was made today at the Btate department. Seven Prominent Men of Philadelphia Drowned ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., June 20.—Buffeted by a huge wave and carried into deep water by a treacherous undertow, seven bathers, including prominent men of the Philadelphia sum mer colony, were drowned in the surf here today. Scores of others were dragged to the beach in an unconscious condi tion after life guards and other bathers had battled desperate ly to save their lives. One other man was drowned when six fishing smacks were capsized simultaneously as they were about to come ashore at Mis sissippi avenue. STEAMER LOADED WITH WHEAT SUNK BT GERMAN SUBMARINE LONDON, June 23 (5:25 p. m.). — The steamer Tunisiana has been tor pedoed off Lowestoft by the German submarine. Her skipper was able to beach her. The Tunisiania was bound from Montreal to Hull with 5,000 tons of wheat. Carranza Flatly Refuses To Treat With Villa WASHINGTON, June 23 General Carranza baa informed the United States government that under no circumstances will he treat with General Villa, that he will not compromise with his opponents and that he will con tinue his plan to crush his ad versaries by military campaign. President Wilson had before him today a long report on Gen eral Carranza's views at given in informal conversation with an American consular officer at Vera Cruz. He found in it little hope for an accommodation of differences as between the Mexi can factions. General Carranza gave the same argument for re fusing to enter into peace nego tiations with General Villa as he had made on previous occasions recently, reiterating that his was not a campaign for the elevation of personalities, but for the prin PARIS, June 23 (10:50 p. m.)—The following official communication on the operations in the Dardanelles was issued by the war office tonight: "Yesterday the expeditionary corps in the Orient attacked the Turkish lines on two-thirds of the front. Af ter an artillery preparation the in fantry sallied from the trenches with superb spirit. Our left, in a single i bound, carried two lines of the enemy's trenches and these they held, notwith standing violent and numerous coun ter attacks. "To the right, on more difficult ground, the struggle continued during the day on the ruins of the Turkish works which had been razed by our artillery. The enemy, bringing up without cessation fresh troops, had succeeded in retaking these entrench ments when a battalion of the foreign legion and a battalion of Zouaves, in a bayonet assault, carried the position in ten minutes. GEORGIANS MAY ATTACK LEO M. FRANK'S PRISON ATLANTA, June 23. — Governor Slaton announced tonight that the military guard at his suburban home would be maintained for several days because of reported threats to damage the property ov persons opposed to the commutation of Leo M. Frank's death sentence. No such attempts have been made, and quiet has pre vailed since the demonstration Mon day. The governor said he still was re ceiving messages from Georgians con gratulating him on his action and that 1SH MUNITIONS BILL WILL REVOLUTIONIZE CONDITIONS Englishman Says Turks Fighting Most Fairly LONDON, June 20 (6:05 p. m.)—A Reuter dispatch from its correspondent in the Dar danelles saye: "The Turks are fighting most fairly... In one case a Turk, while under fire, dressed the wounds of one of our men. In another case a Turk left a water bottle with a wounded Australian soldier. A British soldier who had been lying wounded for many hours without food, far from the British trenches, was given bread by a Turk Prisoners who have escaped from the Turks all assert that they were well treated." TORPEDO, BUT ESCAPES LONDON, June 23 (11:43 p. m.).— An official communication issued by the admiralty today says: "The Brit ish cruiser Rosburgh was struck by a torpedo in the North sea Sunday last. The damage sustained was not serious and the cruiser was able to proceed under her own steam. There were no casualties." | I ! | | , ciples of the revolution; that hit opponents were "reactionaries §/if) desirous only of satisfying personal ambitions." Outlining his plans for the fu ture, Carranza stated that he would soon dominate the situa tion and would grant amnesty to all who were not guilty of crimes. General Villa and his associates, however, according to General Carranza, must either leave the country or be tried by a military court. General Carranza's views did not surprise officials here, as he has consistently ignored all of fers of peace made by the Villa Zapata faction as well as sug gestions of foreign mediation in domestic affairs. No advices have been received officially as to the outcome of the reported differences between General Carranza and General Obregon. "This brilliant charge decided the issue and finished for the day the ef forts of the Turks to regain the ground lost. "In a counter attack on our right this morning the enemy was decimated without having achieved any gain. "Summing up, the day ended with success along the whole line despite the desperate nature of the struggle. We took some prisoners, among whom were several officers. "The battleship Saint Louis has ef fectively bombarded the batteries on the Asiatic side. The British army gave us efficacious support. Every thing confirms that the enemy's losses were very heavy. "The important point is that we have occupied the ground which com mands the head of the ravine of Kere ves Dere, which the Turks had defend ed with the utmost determination for several months, using all their re sources to hold it." ■ when he was at the capitol today to deliver his farewell message at the opening of the state legislature, many ™ e, ®J ,er8 of the assembly expressed to him their commendation of his course. MILLEDGEV1LLB, Ga., June 23. — Rumors of a possible attack on the Georgia prison farm here, where Leo M. Frank is confined, caused the man agement today to increase the number of guards on both day and night duty. An extra supply of ammunition was received. MEASURE CREATES ARMY OF WORKMEN TEUTONS AIM TO HAKE PROTEST CLEVELAND, O., June 23.-—Copies of a call issued to Germans at Detroit and Toledo by German societies, the purpose of which, it was said, is to start a movement to persuade the Unit ed States to stop exportation of am munition, were received and circulat ed among local Teutons today. The documents call for a meeting of representatives of German, Austrian with the object of "forcing the United States government to put a stop to the sale of arms and ammunition to Germany's foes." The call was issued by the Deutscher ;Bund of Detroit, Emil G. Albrecht, president, and the German Historical society of Toledo, Dr. Bernhard Beck er, president. The meetings is set for July 3 at Detroit. TROOPS ARRIVE WASHINGTON, June 23.—In a wire less message to the navy department tonight Admiral Howard said he had been informed that a relief train had succeeded in passing through the! Yaqui valley, carrying Sonora troops! to Eeperanza to protect foreign set tlers who have been threatened by Indians. Arrival of the Mexican troops, it is hoped, will relieve fears of the set tlers and make unnecessary the land ing of an expedition from the Ameri can warships. PRIEST KILLED. EL PASO, June 23.—Bishop Cadena, i aged 85, of the college of Nuestra j Senbra de Ocatlan at Tlaxcala, and j three priests were killed June 1 by I Carranza troops commanded here by j General Francisco Cos, according to a j private letter received here today. The letter says the troops then looted and destroyed the college, that the populace became enranged and threat ening to attack the soldiers, were quelled by the military. Cos' troops are part of the forces of General Pablo Gonzalez operating near Mexico City. Sun Spots' Activity Is Cause of Bad Weather ST. LOUIS, June 21.—Remark able sun spots' activity was wit nessed by astronomers at Chris tian Brother* college Sunday. One hundred and fifty spots were seen by Brother Hubert; 33 more than were possible on Friday and Saturday. Records kept at the college covering several months indicate that every unusual wea ther disturbance has been fol lowed by great sun spots' activity and that a waning of the sun spots has been followed by clear weather. GERMAN SUBMARINES SUCCEED IN ENTERIN G MEDITER RANEAN TOKIO, June 24 (10:30 a. m.) — Official reports received from Rome to the effect that seven German sub marines have succeeded in entering the Med'terranean through the Strait of Gibraltar has caused the Japanese companies to issue warnings to all steamers traversing the Mediter ranean and also to extend war insur ance on vessels from Marseilles to Port Said. ----O —=---- FINNISH BOAT SUNK. LONDON, June 24 (12:10 a. m.).— The Finnish brigantine Leo was sunk by a German submarine on Tuesday, 50 miles southeast of Fair Isle, Scot land. The crew were given 15 min utes in which to take to the boats. They have been landed at Lerwick. Comprehensive Project Prevents All Strikes and Lock-Outs. MUNITION SHORTAGE Lloyd George Saye Witt Take Month* Before England Can Obtain Maxi mum Output—If Germany Swing* Her Troops From the Eaet to the West it Is Vital for the Allied Lines That Every Available Machine Gun Should be Produced, and Therefore Trade Union Restrictions Must be Suspended for Duration of War. | LONDON, June 23 (3:45 p. m.)— Lloyd-George, minister of munitions, took the country into his confidence today by introducing in the house of commons the munitions bill, a meas ure which would revolutionize the con ditions under which ammunition and other war material is prepared. This comprehensive projec makes strikes and lockouts illegal; provides for compulsory arbitration, given the power to fine "slackers", limits the profits of employers and creates a vir tual army of workmen pledged to go wherever they are needed. Mr. Lloyd George admitted that the shortage of munitions was serious, in view of the standard set up by this war. This fact, he continued, was no doubt as well known to Germany as it was to England. He referred to his recent interview in France, and added: "If we can within the next few months produce as much ammunition as can the French, the allies will have an overwhelming superiority in the first great essential to victory. "The Germans undoubtedly—we may as well recognize it—anticipated the duration of this war «h no one else has done. They realized It would be a great trench war and they had or ganized an immense supply of ma chinery-applicable to such conditions. We assumed that victory was due as a tribute from fate. Our problem Is to organize. "It will take months before we can obtain the maximum output," Mr. Lloyd George went on, "existing firms are unable to deliver the goods in ac cordance with agreement, because they cannot man the machines. It is en tirely a question of labor. If I could lay my hands on an adequate supply of skilled labor I could double in a few weeks our supply of machine guns. "I cannot forecast Germany's next move. If she swings her forces from the east to the west it Is vital for the lines of our troops that every avail able machine gun should be produced. It is essential that trade union restric tions, which interfere with a great output of munitions, shall temporarily be suspended at once. There must be a stoppage in slackness and an end must he put to the practice of em ployers pilfering each other's men. There must be no strikes or lockouts during the war." The minister of munitions said he early recognized that existing arma ment firms were inadequate to supply the new or old armies. A vast im provement already had been made by inviting business men to organize in their own localities. For instance, through local organization in one town alone, 150,000 shells monthly already were being turned out, and these fig ures were expected to rise to 250,000. Great Britain, Mr. Lloyd George said, would be organized into ten munition areas. In London, he said, there would shortly be another Woolwich arsenal (Continued on page six.) German Government Is Sorry and Willing to Pay STOCKHOLM, June 22.—(Via London, 1:35 p. m.)— Official an nouncement made here today that the German government had expressed deep regret for the at tack off Christiana sound on June 15, on the Swedish steamer Verdandi. Germany declares the stuck on the Verdandi, which was torpedoed by a sub marine and then shelled by a cruiser, was a mistake and ex pressed willingness to pay an in demnity. The Verdandi was bound for England with a cargo of wood.