Newspaper Page Text
FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT
Published by Democrat-News Co., Inc. The Official Paper of Fergus County Tom Stout ...........................................................................................................President Hurry E. Lay..........................................................................................................Manager E. G. Ivins...........................................................-.......................................................Editor Entered at the postofiice at Lewistown, Montana, as second-class matter. Subscribers, Notice-in ordering your paper changed to a new address, mention old address also, to insure prompt delivery. Subscribers failing to receive their papers will please notify this office. Make checks and money orders payable to Fergus County Democrat. SUBSCRIPTION One year, in advance .......... ..................................................................................$2.00 Six months, in advance .......................................................................................... 1.25 Three months, in advance ..................................................................................75 For foreign subscription add postage. MAKE LEWISTOWN A BlTTER PLACE IN WHICH ToTlWe THURSDAY, AUGUST 12, 11*15 PROFITABLE TO STACK GRAIN. Within thirty days there will be several million bushels of wheat [ready for market here in Fergus county. Unless a change in the market is brought about in the meanwhile, the price to the farmers at that time will be about eighty cents per bushel. In all human probability, about the middle of November, the price of wheat will begin to climb rapidly and will be not less than a dollar and a quarter before the holidays. We lay no claims to being a market expert, but make this prediction in the light of past conditions and of world conditions. The speculators are right now making extravagant claims of a great world crop of wheat and give this the reason for the present depressed prices. It is probably true that Russia has a bumper crop, but it will be penned up in the granaries of that country for months and will not therefore come into competition with the American crop. It is scarcely conceivable that England and France have raised normal crops, although the contrary is alleged. But "even so, there will be an enormous wastage. Germany's crop doesn't count for the present, for she can neither export nor import. If our farmers are successful in saving it as it now stands, the wheat crop of Fergus county will amount to at least ten million bushels. The difference between eighty cents and one dollar twenty five cents is forty-five cents per bushel, and ten million bushels at forty-five cents is four million five hundred thousand dollars. That sum of money would put one thousand dollars into the pockets of every farmer of the county, if evenly distributed. It would pay off hundreds of mortgages, settle innumerable store accounts and send a lot of country boys and girls to college. This paper would like to see plans devised whereby our farmers would not be compelled to dump all of their grain on the market at the same time. Unquestionably, many of them will have to dispose of at least a portion of their output in order to settle pressing obliga tions and many others will have to sell because they have not ade quate storage capacity on their farms. The stacking of grain is a matter to which many might give serious consideration. There are many advantages which more than offset the added cost of stacking grain. One is the improved quality of the grain. Another is the elimination of the danger of damage from unseasonable weather. * We realize that stacking cannot be generally done in this county at the present time. Most of our grain farmers are doing business on such a large scale as to make this additional work practically im possible. But for the man with a comparatively small acreage, it is a matter worthy of serious consideration. In any event, the sugges tion is offered for what it is worth at a time when everybody should pull together to the end that our farmers may receive something like what their grain is actually worth rather than to permit the terminal elevator and commission men lick up the cream of the profits. OUTLINING A MILITARY POLlClT. The lull in our intensive diplomatic exchanges with Germany, Eng land and Austria-Hungary is being taken advantaged of by President Wilson to take stock of our military equipment and confer with chiefs oi the army and navy and various congressional leaders upon the subject of national defense. Before congress convenes in December, il| is expected that the president will work out an elaborate and sys tematic plan for the increase of our army, navy and coast defenses f^>r the consideration of the legislative branch of the government. This country has no fixed military policy and has had none since the great armies of the north disbanded after the Civil war. We hhve blundered along, spending great sums of money in a sort of haphazard, go-as-you-please manner, and as a result, we ja^ve practic ally no army at all and an admittedly inferior navy as the navies of the leading nations of the world are rated today. No n^jon on the globe has such an abundance of raw material for military purposes to draw upon as have we, but, until one year ago, we fek-so secure in the splendid isolation which we have enjoyed that the thought that we might some day be called upon to defend our shores against some powerful enemy from across the waters has never occurred to many of us. Events of the past year have aroused our people to the folly of depending blindly upon three thousand miles of sea as our only defense against invasion. It has been demonstrated that it would not only be possible but comparatively easy for some nation with a navy infinitely more powerful than ours to land a great army at al most any one of a half dozen of our leading seaports and march practically Unopposed as far into our country as they desired to go. As this paper has taken occasion to say before, it is vastly to be regretted that this nation, which desires only to live at peace with all the world, which has not the slightest desire to extend its boundaries over a single foot of territory now held by another coun try, and which is willing to lead the way to better means of adjusting international difficulties than by brute force, should be compelled to abandon the policy with reference to a military establishment which is as old as the nation itself, but, in the present state of world affairs, there seems to be no other sane course left open to us. We must prepare against that day when some great competitor in the world of commerce may conclude to despoil us, not only of our great material possessions but also of our more priceless liberties, and the only way to prepare is to go about it with such a spirit and upon such a scale as to convince the whole world of the seriousness of our purpose and the magnitude of our resources. HALF OF THE ROAD. One of the first—if not the first arrest—under the new highway YOUR RETURNS FROM WHEAT Will be coining in soon DEPOSIT THEM with us and pay your bills with checks. This method will give you a receipt for each bill paid Bank of Fergus County Lewistown, Montana law, which requires drivers on the public highway to give half the road, was made in Helena Sunday, when the driver of a six-horse outfit refused to give an inch for an automobile. It is probably not generally known that drivers refusing to give half the road may be prosecuted for violation of this highway law, which when fairly considered, is a fair provision for all drivers, be they farmers with teams or automobiles, or just ordinary pleasure seekers driving through the country. As an autoombile has the power and may be moved in its course very easily, the inclination on the part of automobiles to give the man with the wagon or cart the best'of it, is quite widespread Now and then an automobile driver will be found who will demand half the main pathway even when he has plenty of good road in which he can pass a wagon without asking the wagon to move an inch. Most drivers prefer to drive around rather than wait for horses to draw a heavy load out of the main track. But the wagon drivers should use a little judgment. They are not only subject to fine for refusing to turn out, but in many places they make life unsafe for an automobile driver by sticking to the road. There are many places where passes are made with difficulty and many others where injury is done to automobiles by being forced out of the main course of travel because some wagon driver refuses to move an inch. It is no longer a matter of courtesy in Montaha for a wagon or carriage driver to turn out and give an automobile half the road—it is required by law, and if drivers do not show common courtesy on the public highways of the state, the law stands ready to deal severely with either party who is so "'ornery" as to refuse to give half the road. The prosecution of the driver who refused to move an inch on the Canyon Ferry road may be a lesson to some of those who have taken small satisfaction by sticking to the road to the danger of other drivers.—Helena Independent. EQUIPPING THEMSELVES FOR GREAT WORK. .Under this captain. Ira Cole, in the Conrad Independent, has the follow'ng interesting comment legarding the Montana congressional delegation: When the Montana congressional delegation returns to Washing ton next December to attend the regular session of national law makers, it will go better equipped insofar as knowing the actual con ditions and needs of fhe commonwealth are concerned than any simi lar delegation in the history of the state. When congress adjourned last spring it had been after an almost continual session for two years. Senators Walsh and Myers and Congressmen Stout and Evans were necessarily held at their desks, information as to their home state being conveyed through the un satisfactory methods of mail and hearsay. They made excellent records, but must have been tremendously handicapped by their en forced absence from home. For the past few weeks these faithful men have traveled from one end of Montana to the other, and back again. Business men, farmers, professional men, party leaders labor leaders and laborers have been interviewed daily, and long before next December the delegation will have its fingers upon the pulse of the state. Primarily the numerous trips of the senators and representatives are for that purpose. They want to renew acquaintances with Mon tana people and Montana activities. Campaign time is a long ways off yet, for them, because there is no doubt of their selection in the primaries of their party. It would be absurd to say, however, that the interest shown by them will not help them politically or that it has not obliterated almost entirely misrepresentation which has been spread about them during their absence by the republican state press. Montana has four splendid men in congress and Montana people will not be so foolish as to make any changes for many years to come. Continued service makes these men more influential and thoroughly acquaints them with all the legitimate tricks of the con gressional trade. Montana isnt' much of a standpat state—save as to its present delegation in congress. AN IMPROVEMENT, ANYWAY Two negroes who had murdered another negro were hanged last week in a southern state. It was a gala day for the small com munity where the execution took place. All of the population and many from surrounding towns were "among those present." We are informed that a natural amphitheater was selected as the scene for the hanging and this spot accommodated comfortably a vast audience. While the preliminaries were being arranged, the "cold as ice can make it" man circulated, dispensing his thirst quencher at 5 cents per quench, while the peanut man, the toy balloon man and perhaps even the "hot dog" man did a thriving business. The dis patches fail to mention the "hot dog" man, but it may be assumed that he would not overlook such an opportunity. By request of the two condemned men, the entire audience gave a little open-air concert, singing "There Is a Land of Pure Delight," this number being the joint selection of the men who were about to shuffle off. Nevertheless the proceeding was a distinct improvement upon certain other forms of capital punishment that have been carried out down there, especially the one in a Texas town a few days ago where the population assembled on the public square at night, kindled a huge fire and pushed the victim into the flames and continued to push him back again from time to time as he emerged until the end the school children of the town witnessing the spectacle. LEARN TO SWIM. Ever since the Eastland disaster, the papers throughout the coun try have been urging everyone to learn how to swim. It is good advice, for swimming, besides being one of the most enjoyable of sports, is the most easily learned. Then, too, a person can never tell when the ability to swim may prove a life saver. It is recited that scores of men, women and children who were dumped into the Chi cago river might easily have been saved had they been able to even keep themselves afloat for ten minutes. Anyone who isn't a cripple can learn to swim and learn very quickly. Another point in swimming is that one who learns never forgets. In the matter of learning, a little support at the start and confidence, with some very simple instruction, is all that is required. The novice who has entire confidence m the instructor can be turned out a swimmer in the first half day. He has yet to learn a lot about the various strokes and different features of the sport, but he can swim, and that's the main point. A great many people havl* a natural dread of the water. This may be due to a nervous temperament or to some incident in childhood begetting a lasting fear, but in either case it is a great mistake to treat this feeling with levity and play tricks upon the beginner, whose greatest need is confidence. Once the groundless fears are over come, the pupil is quite likely to surpass the teacher. When we consider the ease with which anyone may acquire the art, together with the pleasure of the sport and its usefulness, it is really a wonder that everyone is not a swimmer. USEFUL CITIZENS. Some months ago an eastern newspaper originated a controversy in its town by submitting the question, "Who is the most useful citizen of this city, in your opinion?" It received answers to the question from any and all, and the result proved rather a surprise to the com munity. Men of large wealth and men of larger reputations went down before the answers that poured in. At the end the "winner" was neither merchant prince, preacher, capitalist nor orator, but a quiet chap who had worked persistently and effectively for the com mon good; a man who had given service and who was at the same time efficient. It seems as though everyone thought of him in connection with the answer to the question, but no one thought he would win or would even be a "contender." Since then similar "contests" have been conducted and are now being carried out by newspapers in other cities. Some of these "contests" are municipal affairs, while others embrace a whole state. Pretty generally the results are the same as in that initial test—the men of big reputations, who have been puffed and lauded and in one way and another monopolized a great portion of the limelight, have been pased up for men of quite another stamp. Far be it from us to start any such a "contest" in Lewistown, but the idea is not without merit. If the people of this community, the men and women who compose it, were to turn the question over in their individual minds until they had fixed upon the man—or woman —they considered the most useful person here, it might do them al^ good. Because they would have to tell themselves why they selected the one of their choice, and in doing so would understand those things that are worth while and count most for the best. It is rather a fascinating thought that is back of these contests. If you don't think so, just figure out for yourself your answer to the question, "Who is the most useful citizen of Lewistown?" WHAT WARSAW COST. The fact that authorities agree that the capture of Warsaw is of greater political than military importance does imply that the achieve . . . ri-L -i-. • , i i L ment is not of high military importance. It so happens, however, that with the Balkan states wavering and with the situation on the Dardanelles becoming somewhat more critical, the fall of the Polish metropolis is bound to rert a very marked influence. Another cer tain indication of the general importance of the capture is what it cost. The Warsaw correspondent of the London Times, who went out with the last of the Russian troops, estimates the total casual ties of the Austrians and Germans in all of the operations in the east for the year at a round million. This may be an exaggeration, but making whatever allowances thought proper the result left is still stupendous. A dispatch direct from Innsbruck, Austria, to the Geneva, Switzer land, Tribune, stated that in the recent fighting northeast of Warsaw, from the Pissa river to Ostrov, the Germans lost 65,000 men in killed and wounded. That was during von Hindenburg's drive toward War saw, and with the capture of the city as the immediate objective, and the estimate is no doubt substantiality correct. All this merely leads up to the conclusion that the Germans would not pay such a tre-1 mendous price if they did not consider tthe capture of the city of, enormous importance. j i THE FARMER'S YEAR. | The latest government estimates on this season s crops are fairly staggering in their immensity. Three and a half billion bushels of corn, with a billion and a half bushels of oats and a billion bushels of wheat are the big features, but in addition to this there are also record-breaking yields of rye, tobacco, rice and other products. Thus the product is widely distributed over the country. The great manufacturing centers, especially all steel works, are swamped with orders and out in the country there is the certainty of this record-breaking harvest, with a good market assured for all of the products. The farmers seem to have hit it right this year, for everywhere they went in for increased acreage on the prospect last fall, which still holds good NEW MOTOR CYCLE HERE. The new motor cycle for the "speed cop" arrived yesterday and is now In use. Officer Biggers says hat he was handicapped somewhat with the old machine, as speeders could hear him crawl up on them, and so would slow down. But the new Excelsior is al most noiseless and is a very speedy machine itself. McChesney Bros. Engineering Co. Lewistown, Mont. Engineers and Machinery Specialist* Tractors. Plows, Threshing Machinery, Gas oline and Oil Engines, Farm Electric Light Plants, Farm Machinery, Feed Mills, etc. See us before you buy. Near Gt. N. Depot! I AXEL REFER Civil Engineer and Surveyor U. S. Mineral Surveyor 'Phone 138; room 402. BankElectric. Building _ RALPH J. ANDERSON Lawyer Lewibtown State Bank Bldg. Telephone 570 DRS. STRYKER & TAYLOR Osteopathic Physician* Room 202, Wise block; 'phone 295. Graduates American School, under A. T. Still, founder of osteopathy. EDGAR G. WORDEN Attorney-at-Law First National Bank Building Practice iu All Courts, and U. S. Land Office J. G. SMITH Baggage and Transfer Office' phone, 538 Residence 'phanft 300 Call us for quick service HELENA COMING N GRAND STYLE WORD FROM CAPITAL CITY THAT BUNCH FROM THERE WILL CAUSE A BIG STIR. CONVENTION WEEK CONIES NEXT Next week is the big week for Lew istown. It will start off with the Elks'' convention for ail Montana. But 4h*t is only the starter, and there will fhe great things doing while the Elks fere here. Then will come some other at tractions and conventions that are de stined to draw many people to Lewls town. Helena is one of the cities coming in grand style as witness the .ollowing from the Helena Independent of yesterday morning; A Big Time. "Elks of Montana were given the right-of-way over the picnic planners for the Priest's Pass celebration. Ow ing to the fact that the Butte and Ana conda members of the B. P. O. E„ will be here next Sunday with their bands and members, and inasmuch as many prominent Helena citizens would be away for the convention at Lewistown, the road opening was moved ahead one week and the Elks will be given full sway. "Helena will be on hand as the main factor of the state meeting. The local members of the antlered herd have al ways provided the most merriment and the cleverest stunts of the whole state. "A 'stunt' committee has now evolved enough 'new ones' to keep the Fergus county people up on their toes during the state convention. Band Will Accompany. . "The Helena lodge. 193, will go on the Great Northern via Great Falls and stops will be made at Wolf Creek and Cascade. A special Pullman car will be attached for the Elks. "The State Capital band will be taken to the convention city and there turn loose some distinctive Helena mu sic. The new white uniforms, which were purchased especially for this trip and which made such a favorable im pression during the Shrine meet here, will harmonize well into the Elks' col ors of purple and white. Great Falls Drum Corps. "The famous Elks' drum corpB will be with tlie Great Falls delegation. No delegation from the Great Falls Elks would be complete at a state convention gathering unless it was headed by this justly popular musical organization. They will go looking schedule calls for a two-hour atop in wfllTnterUin 6 the llutte * delegation* Great Falls will entertain the Butte contingent for several hours, and the Elks from the Electric city will Join the special." their prettiest and playing their best. It will sustain in every particular the reputation it holds and ought to add a few credits. C. E. Hubbard will, a*, usual, wear the shoulder straps and carry the drum major's baton. Butte Elk* on the Job.^, I "Between 125 and 150 member* of the Butte lodge of Elks will go to the state convention in a special train con sisting of Pullman and dlnlgg And buf fet cars. The entire train will be park ed at Lewistown and the Butte Bike will live aboard the special. "The A. C. M. band will be taken along to furnish music. "Bill Lucey is chairman of the com mittee in charge of arrangements for the special, which will be known as "Elk hotel." The special will leave Butte on Sunday morning, August 15, at 10 o'clock. A stop of 15 minute* will be made at Boulder and the WILLIAMSON BACK FROM THE EAST Manager of Dry Good* and Ready-to Wear Departments of Power'* Store Home Again. A. Williamson, manager of the ready to-wear and dry goods department erf the Power Mercantile company, ar rived in Lewistown Saturday, after a month's trip east. Mr. Williamson made his buying headquarters in New York City and is well pleased with the selections of ready-to-wear and dry goods. The new merchandise will soon be here.