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FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT
Published by Democrat-News Co., Inc. The Official Paper of Fergus County Tom Stout ............................................................................................................President Harry E. Lay..........................................................................................................Manager E. G. Ivins.................................................................................................................' Entered at the postoffice at Lewistown, Montana, as second-class matter. Subscribers, Notice- in ordering your paper changed to a new address, mention old address also, to insure prompt delivery. Subscribers failing to receive their papers will please notify this office. Make checks and money orders payable to Fergus County Democrat. SUBSCRIPTION One year, in advance .................................................................................. Six months, in advance............................................................................. Three months, in advance.......................................................................... For foreign subscription add postage. . $ 2.00 .. 1.25 MAKE LEWISTOWN A uU tter place in which to live Tli I'ltSDA V, AUGUST 20, 1915. GERMANY SENDS ANSWER TO OUR NOTE. Germany has answered our latest note to that country. Th message was delivered by the commander of a submarine craft, which sank the passenger liner Arabic and probably killed some American passengers who were on their way home from England. There could have been no question about the boat carrying arms, munitions or other contraband for the simple reason that it was headed away from England. No warning was given, no effort made to relieve the passengers. Had there been as many people aboard as were on the Lusitania, the loss of life, of women and helpless children, would probably have been as great as when the Arabic's sister ship went down. There is little need for this government to wait for any other answer from the imperial German government. I heir actions make a mockery of any written pretensions of fairness or friendship. In the most direct manner possible, Berlin has expressed its contempt for the government of the United States and an utter indifference for the lives of our citizens who travel in lawful manner beyond the bounds of their own country. There can be no other conclusion from the series of indignities which they have heaped upon this nation than that they desire a break between the two countries. Had we not been a most patient people, that break would have occurred some weeks ago. This paper does not see how it can be much longer delayed. This paper has taken occasion frequently to point out the source of our just grievances against the British government. That govern ment has, contrary to all international law, interfered with our com merce. Those affronts have been made the subject of our frequent and emphatic protests. But the fac t that England has offender gives Germany no license to commit a long series of belligerent acts against the government of the United States. The difference is here; England's acts infringe upon our commerce, it affects dollars and cents; Germanys acts threaten the lives of our citizens and challenges the power of this government to protect its people. As between Germany and her enemies in the great conflict which has been raging in the other half of the world, this paper has be careful to avoid expressing any partiality or prejudice. This has been the easier because we have felt none. But as between Ger many and the United States, we feel impelled by every impulse of patriotism to express our profound conviction that Germany has for feited every atom of respect or friendship which we formerly felt. In justification of our feeling of growing resentment, we submit the record of our grievances: 1. Germany, contrary to the rules of war and the dictates of humanity, killed more than one hundred American men, women and children who were passengers on board the Lusitania. 2. The American steamer Gulflight was attacked by a German submarine without warning, the captain being killed by the shock. 3. The American steamer Nebraskan was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine. No warning given. 4. Strikes in American industrial plants have been foment'-d by agents in the employ of the German government. 5. The German government has subsidized newspapers like the Fatherland of New York city, every issue of which contains treason able utterances against the president, the congress and other branches of the American government. 6. The British steamer Arabic, with a number of Americans on board and returning to their own country, torpedoed without warn ing and sunk by a German submarine. Probable loss of American lives. This record is incomplete, but suffices to indicate the deliberately unfriendly attitude of the German government toward the govern ment of the United States. In the face of them, it is difficult to scp how a complete severance of our diplomatic relations with the im perial German government can be much longer delayed. This paper will infinitely regret such a break, but feels that no consequences which might befall this great nation can be worse than submitting meekly to repeated indignities and insults. c > THE FRUITS OF MARTYRDOM. The following well considered article from the Century, one the world s great magazines, upon a certain phase developed by the great war, is worthy serious attention from all Americans: To the layman, after the first horror of the sinking of the Lusi tania, the principal thought has been of the utter uselessness of the sacrifice of so many innocent lives. The death of non-combatant men, women and children never fails to arouse bitterness and indigna tion. The Americans who went down with a torpedoed ship had no possible share in a war which, in defiance of the previously existing rules of maritime warfare and of humanity, has destroyed neutral citizens traveling upon the high seas. Yet their untoward death has done something more than shock their fellow Americans. It has aroused another feeling than the resolve that the new warfare which cost those lives should not be allowed to continue, without solemn measure* on the part of the United States government. So far as any adequate reparation is concerned, either for the families and friends of the victims, or for the blow to their nation, nothing can ever be done. Yet there are evidences that their in voluntary martyrdom will not be entirely without fruit. The acute situation produced between the United States and Germany as a result of the Lusitania affair has brought to the all too-negligent and optimistic American people, as hardly anything else could have done, some realization of the fact that they still live in a family of cruel and relentless members, that the ancient "trial by battle is still the court of last resort in international affairs, and LISTEN! Deposit Your Wheat Money with the Bank of Fergus County Lewistown, Montana Pay Your Bills With Checks You thus not only have A RECEIPT for each bill paid—but establish an acquaintance that will be valuable to you in the future. OUR MOTTO "Take Care of Your Customers First" that wars are made first and discussed afterward. With all their progress as a race and nation, Americans have been singularly blind to the realities of national existence, almost since the day of their independence. With remarkable good fortune they have blundered through a number of wars and crises in which a slight change in the factors might have produced a national disaster. The individual or nation seeking to substitute luck for prepara tion runs enormous risks, and a few narrow escapes in the past should sober rather than enthuse. For the fir;t time, then, in many long decades there are signs that Americans are beginning to take note of their truly dangerous situation from a military standpoint. If this feeling, stirred by the death and sufferings of their countrymen on the Lusitania, shall bear fruit in the adoption of adequate measures for the land and sea defenses of this nation, the victims will not have perished without leaving a heritage of value to their native land. While, therefore, the American government is insisting on the recognition by other nations of the rights of its citizens to life and property, no less heed should be taken of the ability of the people to defend those rights from aggression and contempt, from whatever sourse, now and in future. On IN THE BALKANS. of these big turns in the war, amounting in its importance to a crisis, is at hand. It is quite evident that within a matter of days Rumania and Bulgaria must act and, of course, that is going to bring Greece in. Two things have operated to speed action by these hesi tating states. First of these is the declaration of war against Tur key by Italy, which means that the entente powers are going to have a lot of Italian troops on the Dardanelles in a very short time. To offset this Germany naturally wishes to be able to dispatch munitions of war, and doubtless German troops as well, through Rumania to Turkey. This route would give her a short cut to Constantinople and as things are shaping it is a matter of very great importance that she should have this way opened. Rumania is now and for a long time liase been in the closest relations with Italy and Italy's declaration against Turkey appears to have strengthened the friendship for that nation in Rumania. Notwithstanding the many ties with Germany it is pretty clear that Rumania will absolutely refuse to assent to Ger many's reported demand. She may yet cast her lot with the Teutons and solve the problem that way, but so long as she keeps actively out of the war she is going to insist, as the Japanese school boy put it in relation to Belgium, that she is a nation and not a road. Bulgaria has an army of 600.000 men—not a very big army in these days but it has long been claimed that for its size it is the most perfectly equipped, drilled and officered army in the whole of Eu rope. This may be true or it may be an absurdity—only the acid test or war will determine that. It is doubtful if Germany has actually presented an ultimatum to Rumania demanding the privilege of free transit for munitions and troops through the latter country. Such an action, at this particular time, would be likely to stir the people to active opposition which is not now manifest. That she has pressed the matter strongly during the past week, however, is certain and a decision upon it cannot be held in abeyance indefinitely. A glance at the map shows instantly the vast importance of Ru mania and Bulgaria to both sides. Together with Montenegro and Serbia, they form a complete barrier from the Black Sea to the Adri atic and acting jointly, will be able, should they go with the allies, to practically prevent Austria and Germany from giving any further ef fective aid to their Ottoman ally. On the other hand, should they go with the Teutons, the efforts of the entente powers to force the Dardanelles might as well be abandoned. The game of diplomacy that has been played at Nish, Sofia and Bucharest will make wonderful reading when it eventually sees the light, but that will probably not be for some years. COUNTRY WILLING TO WAIT. Hie nation will wait willingly and patiently while President Wilson and Secretary Lansing investigate thoroughly the sinking of the Arabic and the loss of American lives. Former President Roosevelt would have us declare war against Germany immediately but he speaks for a few impetuous people who prefer to act first and think afterward. The great body of our citizenship is fortunately more deliberate about precipitating a state of affairs in which so much is at stake. Neither truculence nor timidity should be exhibited now and no one who is able to give the subject unbiased consideration be lieves that President Wilson will be guilty of either. If the German government can give satisfactory explanation of the Arabic incident, the matter will be dropped as it should be. If the same government acknowledges the fault of the submarine com mander and whole-heartedly disavows the act, a break may be avoid ed. But if the imperial German government attempts to quibble and to justify an illegal and inhuman act, then it will be time for this gov ernment to take the step toward which events seem resistlessly to be hurrying us. The deadly calmness of our people should be as reassuring to us as it should be ominous to those who do not correctly estimate the final consequences to any other nation which deliberately provokes a break with the United States. The utter absence of hysteria, ex cept a few sporadic outbursts such as former President Roosevelt gave an example of some days ago, is a tribute to the self repression of the American people. That this calmness would be transformed into a veritable frenzy of activity and patriotic enthusiasm at a moment's notice is as sure as fate. Let the president of the United States announce that the honor of our country and the safety and wel fare of our people demand something more potent than the sending of notes of protest and the fires which have been slumbering since the signing of our treaty of peace with Spam would flame forth in the hearts of millions of Americans. The heart of America is sound, the spirit and resolution are there, as will be abundantly demon strated if the time for a test ever comes. CASHIER BUNCO MEN. Spite of all the efforts of the ablest lawyers obtainable and with unlimited means to develop their defense, the officials and chief con spirators in the United States Cashier company of Portland have been found guilty by a jury in that city, and the swindlers will have to pay the penalty. The case is of peculiar interest here because nauch of the practically worthless stock was unloaded by the promoters bunco men in Fergus county. Bonnewell and Todd, the two men most active in the selling operations here, are among those con victed: nor did Frank Menefee, the president, in spite of all his wealth and supposed influence, escape. The testimony showed that this whole project was a swindling scheme, initiated with skill and carried out with all the tricks and smoothness that characterize the work of first class confidence men. This newspaper has heretofore referred to the case, and it is hoped that the exposurers will make it difficult for such swindlers to fleece the public in future. If the men in Fergus county who were taken in by the glib con fidence men who sold the stock had submitted the proposition tc their bankers they could have saved themselves from any loss and a lot of trouble, because the project was one that would not stand the scrutiny of shrewd, careful, trained business men. We recal' with a great deal of satisfaction the experience of one of these "field men" in Lewistown. He is gifted with a remarkable per sonality and with such ability that he could hardly fail of success ir any legitimate field of effort, but he evidently prefers the crooked route. This man had succeeded in buncoing several very prominent stockmen and farmers in this county, exchanging his worthless stock for their notes. With this gilt-edged paper in his hand, the bunco man visited one of the Lewistown banks where he had previously transacted a little business, slammed the security on the counter anc asked that an account be opened and that he be permitted to drav against this paper. For answer the boss of that bank directed the bunco artist's attention to a large opening left in the front of th' building, and invited him to make use of it in getting out onto the street with just as little delay as possible. We have always regrettec that the bunco man—he is one of those found guilty by the jury a' Portland Saturday—did not feel disposed to remain and argue the point, as the banker is still "a bra lad," although no longer in the first flush of youth, but the crook knew the man of business war "onto" him and retired with alacrity and grace, realizing that if hr delayed, the latter element would be entirelly lacking in his exit. LEWISTOWN'S HOSPITALITY. Lewistown's festive week is over and with the gay trapping: discarded, we once more resume our ordinary week. It was quite an undertaking for the city to play host to three big state conventions in succession, but Lewistown proved quite equal to the occasion and sent all the visitors home rejoicing. They all enjoyed their stay here and the city was delighted in being able to extend its hospitality to these hundreds of visitors from every part of Montana. That they fully appreciated our efforts is shown by the statements they have given out since reaching their homes and by the comment of the state press This sentiment is strikingly expressed by the following editorial from the Butte Miner under the caption, "Lewistown s Hospitality": £ , "All Montana is ringing with the splendid success of the recent conventions held at Lewistown and especially with praise for the magnificent hospitality extended by that thriving, prosperous and important Montana city. "Talk to any person who visited there from other Montana com munities during the Elks' and firemen's state assemblies and he will immediately begin to tell in most enthusiastic terms of the open hearted way that Lewistown's residents received all visitors, looked after their welfare and did all in their power to make their stay in that charming city thoroughly enjoyable. "That is the true brand of Montana hospitality and it is very natural that Lewistown, a thorough Montana city in spirit, progress! and importance, should exemplify those characteristics of generosity,; friendship and sincerity for which the treasure state is famous." GEORGE E. MATHEWS. The tidings of the death of George E. Mathews has brought to us all a keener appreciation of the worth of the man and his work. He came into Lewistown an absolute stranger and when he left, after a residence of five or six years, he was known to every one in the city and had a very wide acquaintance in the county and state. The Chamber of Commerce was a frail thing until he took hold of it as j secretary and with his gift for securing publicity, his experience in j that sort of work and his energy, it developed into a powerful organ- j ization for good. _______ 0 ----- . ! Before he left here he knew well that he was in the grip of a slowly developing ailment that could be held in check but not con- i quered, and sometimes his enemy seemed to gain the upper hand, but with smiling face, uncomplaining lips and undaunted heart he met it all until the end found him, as he wished, still in the harness. | Like Saul, he towered above his fellows and in spite of advancing j years and some severe blows, the death ot his mother being one or these, he kept his heart green to the end: Mr. Mathews will rememberd with affetion by all the host that knew him. be MAY GO TO HARLOWTON. A number of members of Judith lodge, No. 30, K. of P., expect to go to Harlowton Thursday, when a new lodge will be instituted there. The local third rank team will probably go along to put on the work in that rank, ' McChesney Bros. Engineering Co. Lewistown, Mont. Engineers and Machinery Specialists Tractors, Plows, Threshing Machinery, Gas oline and Oil Engines, Farm Electric Light Plants, Farm Machinery, Feed Mills, etc. See us before you buy. Near fit. N. Depot. Business Cards AXEL REFER Civil Engineer and Surveyor U. S. Mineral Surveyor 'Phone 138; room 402. BankEIeotric Building RALPH J. ANDERSON Lawyer Lewistown State Bank Bldg. Telephone 570 DRS. STRYKER & TAYLOR Osteopathic Physician* Room 202, Wise block; 'phone 295. Graduates American School, under A. T. Still, founder of osteopathy. EDGAR G. WORDEN Attorney-at-Law First National Bank Building Practice in All Courts and U. S. Land Office J. G. SMITH Baggage and Transfer Office' phone, 538 Residence 'phone, 300 Call us for quick service NEED NOT ASK COMPLAINTS ARE MADE TO THE AUTHORITIES OF KILLING OF CHICKEN OUT OF SEASON. GAME SEASON WILL OPEN SHORTLY While it is still over three weeks until the opening of the prairie ■hicken and grouse season in Fergus ■ounty, a few "sooners" seem to be busy with their shotguns. At least :omplaints to a considerable extent have already come to the office of Game Wardens Berkin and Weaver, ind these men will not overlook any thing in bringing the violators to a tpeedy justice. They say that mini num fines need not be looked for by anyone caught violating the game laws. There is no excuse for this offense. The fine runs from $50 to $500. Vary This Year. When asked what reports are con cerning the abundance of chicken, VIr. Berkin said to the Democrat News that this varied in different com munities. In some places plenty of leathered game is reported, while in other sections there is a dearth. The duck season will open sooner, and conditions are mixed in this re spect also. For instance, at Round up lake there is a great abundance of this game, white at the lakes near Geraldine the reverse is true. But the ducks will doubtless appear with the coming of the fall rains and so it is impossible to tell at this time how duck hunting will be in Fergus county. j Goes to Ringiing. Game Warden Berkin will leave this morning for Ringiing in response to i strong complaint of an alleged vio ation there. The Open Season. Hunters will now refer to the man ual of game and fisli laws which was issued last spring for the 1916-191H season. This was revised last April by J. L. De Hart, the state game and fish warden. This is a complete com pendium of the luw touching on these questions now in vogue in Montana, and is invaluable as a reference by hunters. The deer season will open on Octo ber 1 and close on December 15. The limit is two deer. The elk season is the same with the limit fixed at one. The open season for grouse, prairie chicken, etc., in Fergus county and certain other counties is from Sep tember 15 to October 15. In the counties of Custer, Dawson, Richland, Sheridan, Valley, Philips, Rosebud, Big Horn, Fallon and Prairie, the open season is from September 1 ,to October 1, as the birds mature earlier in, these counties. The open season for water fowls, such as wild;gee;je, ducks, etc., is from September 1 5to January 1. The limit of chicken is five in one day, and ducks, twenty. hjbu ^ demonstrating the feed . ing and grinding of all grains for h<* s Dr. C. D. Clark of Lewistown, has returned from the exposition and secured while there the agency for the Hog Motor, which was on ex j j j It is a remarkable saver of and expense in the matter of successful hog raising for profit. The machine is on exhibit by Dr. Clark at the Lewistown Livery where any one who is interested may see it in operation. See his advertisement elsewher in this issue. SUGAR BEET CHOP IS EXTENSIVE Chief Engineer Scherer of Billings Factory Here Attending Her mann Sons Convention. Henry Scherer, chief engineer of the monster sugar factory at iBllings, and ! one of the best posted men in that business in the west, arrived in Lewis i ventk>n oMhe^ons^of German. °He had intended to come at the beginning would not permit him to come sooner. George "jr^ mi ^ of Great Falls and Miss Lena c. Wolf of Joliet were mar ried here yesterday, the ceremony Us ing performed by Rev. C. M. Donald son.