Newspaper Page Text
v'OL. XH., NO. 18
Fergus County Democrat LEWISTOWN, FERGUS COUNTY. MONTANA. JANUARY 20. 1916. PRICE FIVE CENT IN STATE OF UTTER MAJ. GEN. LEONARD WOOD TELLS SENATE MILITARY COMMIT TEE THAT TRAINED FORCE OF 150,000 MEN COULD IN FLICT INCALCULABLE DAMAGE ON UNITED STATES. THERE ARE STORM SIGNALS O N ALL SIDES Reverting to the Condition of the Country to Face War, the General Said We Were Utterly Unprepared and Knew Nothing of the Prob lems We Would Have to Meet—At Least 2,00,000 Men Would Be Needed, and They Could Be Obtained, He Believed, Only by Compulsory Measures. WASHINGTON, Jan. lit.—Maj. Gen Leonard Wood told the senate mili tary committee today the coast line of the United States was open to at tack by any well organized foreign army, despite its equipment of forts, mines and submarines and that the oceans formed no serious barrier to invasion. He maintained that in the country's present state of utter un preparedness for war, a trained force of 150,000 men could inflict incalcul able damage before an army could be assembled to meet it. Events of the European war demon strated clearly, the general said, that the sea was the best medium for the movement of troops and he pointed out that a force of 126,000 men fully equipped, had been landed at Galli poli from a single expedition of 98 ships, against submarines, mines and aq underwater screen of barbed wire which fringed every available landing i place. Emphasizing his conviction that troops cannot be improvised to meet regulars, General Wood said the fun daniental basis of any policy of ade quate national defense must be the j principle that with suffrage goes an I obligation for military service. Such! a policy was advocated by George | Washington, he said, and if it had j been adopted Canada would have be come part of the United States in the war of 1812. "Only once in our history have we j been prepared for war," he added "That was immediately after the civil war, when we had a million and a half trained soldiers. Our diplomatic corraspoBdence with France at. that time concerning Mexico was very brief. It required only one note, be cause of our preparedness. France was told to get out of Mexico and she got out "There isn't going to he any w eak ness abroad after this war is over., You will find that more male children will have been born than have been! killed or injured. "You will have all the gold, perhaps, hut it will not dp you much good un less you stiffen it with iron." As to the immediate needs of the regular army, General Wood express ed the opinion that the force of regu lars with the colors should he main tained at 210,000. Of these, he said. 20,000 equipped and supplied for a year's time should be kept in the Philippines; another 20,000 in Hawaii, and 15,000 in Panama. He urged that tlie regulars should have a reserve system under which, in a six-year en iistment, men would lie transferred, into a reserve whenever their corn ea nv commanders reported them ef ficient, to he definitely assigned to war stations. Equipment for mem bers of the reserve ivould be kept at their stations and once every two years they would be required to join the colors for 10 days' training to keet) them up to date. General Wood said that, if universal military service was not to be obtain ed, he favored a central army scheme substantially as proposed by the war department, "provided it is absolute ly divorced from the organized mili tia." The increases for tlie regular army proposed by Secretary Garrison, he characterized as "absurdly inadequate and indicating a failure to appreciate the lessons of tlie European war, par tieularly ns to the proportion of field artillery." He recommended that tin proportion of field guns, be fixed at five to every 1,000 rifles or sabres. The present army standard is 3.9 per thousand, although in actual equipment the regulars are nearer two per thousands. The board recently created in the war department has fixed on 5.9 per thousand as the num ber necessary. Reverting to the condition of the country to face war. the general said the United States was utterly unpre pared and knew nothing of the prob lems it would have to meet. At least 2.000.000 men would he needed, he as serted, and they could he obtained, he believed, only by compulsory meas ures. At present there are but 700,000 modern rifles and 300,000 old model weapons in government arsenals, lie said, and up to five days ago the ca pacity of all American plants to pro duce rifles was only 32,000 a day. England alone, he said, wanted 65,000 a day, while France called for two rifles in reserve for every man in the field. General Wood was positive in as serting that the national guard was composed of a fine personnel, but cursed by a hopeless system, unless it could be taken over by the govern ment and severed from any connec tion with the states, he said, and it should be abandoned to the states entirely and not a dollar of govern ment motley wasted upon it. "We should terminate the intoler al-le system," he said. "The soldier element of the national guard all want federalization. No man who refuses!tives. to come into tlie continental army .8 to be depended upon." Under a universal service system, the general said, there would be 3, .'.00,000 men between 18 and 25 years of age upon whom the burden of mili* (Continued on Page Four.) G.N. OFF CULS ECITY "Our business is booming," said Vice President W. P. Kenney of the Great M rll .,hern railway evenintr when Noltllern lallwaj last evenlng - wllen at > ked hy a Democrat-News representa tive relative to conditions in railroad circles at this time. "The lumber business has opened up splendidly, general business is increasing. Our grain traffic is double that of any for-1 mer year and we are bringing many settlers to Montana, with the outlook bright for a very large increase in im migration to this state the coming! spring and summer." Thus, briefly, VICE PRESIDENT W. P. KENNEY SAYS BUSINESS IS BOOMING WITH THE RAILROAD. OPTIMISTIC AS TO THE FUTURE did Mr. Kennedy summarze some of the leading developments of the pres-' ent time. He said that conditions! were found especially prosperous in! Montana. Nothing to Say. When asked regarding the rumors of the Great Northern building its line eastward from Lewistown on the New Rockford extention, Mr. Kennedy said that he had nothing to say. Any such announcement, when it does come, will be made by President Hill. How ever, the railroad business is boom ing, the road is naturally looking around for new extension work to in vest its money in paying propositions. Praise for Hilger. Mr. Kennedy spoke in terms of high est praise of the work done by Chair man David Hilger of the Montana Pan ama-Pacific exposition, and of Secre tary Hazelbaker, at San Francisco. No other two men, in his opinion, could have equaled what these men did, on such a small appropriation. Montana's! display and general exhibit attracted! more attention than any other state. Money Abundant. Vice President E. O. Rice of the First National bank, one of the big in stitutions of the west, expressed him self as well pleased with business con ditions. his only complaint being "too much money." There is an abundance of money on hand in the banks, and legitimate demands for loans do not oqual the supply. Mr. Rice did not overlook an oppor tunity to do some boosting for the win ter carnival at St. Paul on January 27 to February 5 inclusive. L. W. Hill is chairman of this affair, and a big program of indoor sports has been arranged. At least two Lewistown parties are planning on attending. The party which visited in Lewis town yesterday consisted of the fol lowing: W. P. Kenney, vice president of the Great Northern railway; E. U. Leedy, general immigration agent; James Robinson, division freight agent at St. Paul; P. L. Howe, an of ficer of the Imperial Elevator com pany and a director in the Great Northern companj; E. O. Rice, vice president of the First National bank of St. Patti, and also a Great North ern director, and Spaulding Howe, ar rived in Lewistown in Mr. Kenney's private car "A 1," yesterday after noon, coming here from Billings. Vice President Kenney is making an of ficial tour of inspection and In com pany with the members of the party named, is looking over general condi tions over the entire. Great Northern system. These officials spent the afternoon strolling through business and resi dential sections of Lewistown, and in the evening were guests of honor at a very informal smoker at tlie Judith club. The partv will leave this morning at 9:15 for Great Falls, and will later visit Eureka, in northwestern Mon tana, where one of the gentlemen is interested in a large lumber company. The party will then return to the east. MAYOR GANS HERE. Dr. E. M. Gans, mayor of Judith Gap, is in the city and will return home this morning. The doctor will shortly leave for his old home in Minnesota, to visit his mother and other rela LEADERS OF BANDITS WHO MURDERED 19 AMERICAN MINERS GEN. JOSE RODRIGUEZ. GEN. PANCHO VILLA. The Mexican soldiers or bandits, who shot to death 19 Americans re ceutlv, near Chihuahua City, in Me\ ieo, were Villa men, of the command of Gen. Jose Rodrigues, cue of the bandit chief's trusted lieutenants, who was executed the oilier day Col. Pablo Lopez, u minor lender in tIn* Villa force, is charged by those who saw the murders, with having been the leader on the scene. Rodriguez, who was captured by employes of the Hubricora ranch and executed by Carranza authorities at Madera Iasi Thursday, was positively Identified as the Villa lender who has been burning railroad bridges, looting mines and ranches and threatening the lives of foreigners ever since Villa was driven out of Sonora, following the series of defeats that begun at Agtta I'rleta, Nov. 1, last. According to Americans who saw Rodriguez killed, the Villa chief crawled, supplicating, before Ills ex ecutioners and was shot to death as he grovelled. MEXICANS FIRE UPON U.S. TROOPS DOUGLAS, Ariz., Jail. 19. Six Mex ican bandits are said to have crossed the border and robbed a house at the Connavillas mine, about 15 miles south of Hachita, N. M„ fired upon three members of the Seventh Uni ted States cavalry and Arthur Lee, an American mining man who pursued them, according to authoritative infor mation received here tonight. Tlie robbery occurred Tuesday after noon, It was sta.ted. The cavalry men and Lee followed the bandits south.. At a point about two miles from Lone Cabin, tlie pursuers discovered a camp fire . When tying their horses to make I j i DOCKET WILL BE DRAWN AND CASES SET FOR NEXT JURY TERM OF COURT. MRS. MARCELLUS GETS DECISION Today will be an important one to all attorney and litigants,! as the docket will he called at 10 a. m. by Judge Roy Ayers and cases set for the jury term to begin about tile mid dle of February. In addition the list of jurors who will serve is to he drawn. This will probably include about 75 names. All attorneys in the city have been notified to be present at 10 o'clock and it. will take most of the day to finish the big job, as the docket is an unusually long one. It it expected that about 10 criminal cases will be set for trial. Demurrers Sustained. Tlie condemnation proceedings in stituted by the Milwaukee against C. Content and others in connection with the industrial track project came up yesterday on demurrer, C. J. Mar shall representing tiie plaintiff and Blackford & Huntoon the defendants. The demurrer was based on an error in the description which was admitted and the demurrer was sustained. In the case of the State Bank of Grass Range against Matt Whalen, the plaintiff's demurred to the deft mi ant's answer was overruled. New Suits. Anna Raugatz has brought suit against Hugo Baugatz to recover $1, 500 on a note. Blackford & Huntoon represent the plaintiff. J. A. Gamble has brought an ac tion against N. Hayes to recover $150. B< Iden & DeKalb are tlie plaintiff's attorneys. . . . E. L. Newbury lias brought suit against L. H. lmsande to recover $751. McOonocliie & Williams appear for the plaintiff. The Flatwillow Land company lias brought suit against Isaac Tyson to recover $103. MeConoehie & Williams are the attorneys for the company. Marcellus Vs. Wright Et Al. In the case of Mary A. Marcellus against F. E. Wright and others, the supreme court has sustained the ap peal of Mrs. Marcellus from tlie de cision of Judge Ayers, in whicli the latter sustained the demurrer of the defendants. Tlie case was argued be fore the supreme court lust week by Attorney Ralph J. Andersou, repre senting Mrs. Marcellus. The opinion was written by Associate Justice Hoi loway and sustains the contentions of Mr. Anderson. The action was brought here quite awhile ago and the tran sactions upon whicli it is based dat > (Continued on Page Seven.) a reconnaissance the Mexicans, hid den in the brush, opened fire, it is stated. One of the troopers' horses was killed and the other three horses stampeded. Lee walked into Doyle's Wells, about 14 miles from Hachita, and reported that tite troopers were under siege. Thirty troopers were sent to the scene under command of Lleutepaut King "of the Seventh cavalry. The relief party 1 tid the troopers! safe and the Mexicans were trailed to the border, where they had cut wire fences and re-entered Mexico. Many empty cartridge shells found by the relief party indicated the Mex-1 CHAUFFEUR'S CONFESSION TESTIFIES IN MURDER CASE HOW MRS. MOHR PLANNED DEATH OF HER HUSBAND. PROVIDENCE, It. I., Jan. 19.—Geo. W. Healis, tlie negro chauffeur who turned state's evidence against Mrs. Elizabetli F. Mohr and the two ne groes on trial for the murder of Dr. C. Franklin Mohr, was called today as the chief witness for the prosecution. He began by testifying regarding the circumstances leading up to tlie al leged plot by Mrs. Mohr and the ne groes to stay tlie physician. The chauffeur testified that Brown and Henry 11. Spellman, tlie other ne gro defendants, worked for the doctor in the stables and that Brown was dis charged August 21. 1915, because he was suspected of communicating with Mrs. Mohr. ' Before Brown was discharged," Healis said, "he told me on Aug. 14, that he had come from Boston and was on liis way to Newport. He said lie was going to get even with the doctor. He said lie had a vial of pois !<m in his pocket which Mrs. Mohr had given to him to put a few drops in tho doctor's coffee. He told me he was afraid, though, because his wife was a cook in the doctor's house and tie was afraid she would get into trou ble. He opened his coat and showed me a revolver and said lie was going to shoot tlie doctor.. I thought lie was joking." After Brown was discharged, lie and witness said. "Mrs. Mohr told Brown Healis went to see Mrs. Mohr, that now would be u good time t.o get even," Healis continued. Mrs. Mohr prepared supper for Brown that night, Healis said, and then Brown and Mrs. Mohr went into another room for two or three min utes. "When we got outside," tlie witness eontined, "Brown showed me a $2u bill. He told me Mrs. Mohr gave it to him for tlie motorcycle. He said, 'And if you stop the car on the way to Newport some night, there'll be a whole lot more money. All you've got to do is to stop tlie car. You can say it was a case of a holdup.' "On Friday night, August 27, 1915, Brown came to my room," Healis said, "and told me to come with him to see Mrs. Mohr." According to tlie alleged confessions of Brown and Spellman, the murder was originally planned for Aug. 28, hut it did not occur that night be cause Healis refused to stop the car. owing to the fact that MiBs Florence Ormsby, the doctor's office girl, and Miss Martha Wilson, liis housekeeper, were in the machine. The shooting occurred on the night of Aug. 31. j j I j leans and troopers had exchanged a brisk fire before the bandits with drew, Information received here stilt ed. The three horses had not been located. VILLA DECLARED AN OUTLAW. WASHINGTON, Jan. 19. General Carranza notified the Mexican em bassy here today that he had formal ly proclaimed Francisco Villa, Pablo Lopez and ltalael Castor outlaws le cause of the massacre of Ameriain citizens al Santa Ysahel. Under the decree any citizen of the (Continued on Page Light.) IS REAL ASSET MAYOR SYMMES TELLS OF GREAT INDUSTRY OF THAT THRIV ING SUGAR CITY. CONVENTIONS VERK SOCCESSFUL Mayor VV. I >, Synimes, who returned to Lewistown yesterday after a few days' visit at Billings where lie at tended some of the business men's conventions, says that Billings is a very lively town, one of the best in file state. The sugar factory is the greatest asset of Millings, he says. When the factory is in operation employment is given to 550 persons, while during the other months of the year 150 are employed in overhauling the entire plant, making repairs, and getting ready for another season. This is in addition to tho impetus to fanning and to the many persons employed in the culture of the product. "Lewistown should make every ef fort to get a factory of this kind lo cated in this city," said the mayor. What it would mean to Lewistown can lie easily understood. With the bringing of a great sugar beet dis trict. in Eastern Fergus directly trib utary to this city by the building of contemplated railroads, such a ven ture would doubtless prove very prof italile here. Mr. Synimes reports great conven tions at Billings by the retail mer chants, manufacturers and the job bers of the state. The Montana Job tiers association was formed of the wholesalers of the state. On Tuesday night a big banquet at tended by 500 was given at tile Gem theater, and leading speaking talent of the state participated in the speaking program. THEUDURE HUGEiInD RETURNS FROM THE EAST WITH BRIDE Theodore llogeland, son of Mr. and Mrs. Abraham llogeland, returned to Lewistown Friday from the east, accompanied by ills bride, who was formerly Miss Gertrude Yerkes, a teacher in the city schools of Ijewis town. The marriage took pluee on De cember 18. at Camden, N. J. Tlie bride is a resident or Southampton. IV, Imt for three veal's taught in tlie local schools. Both bride and groom have many friends in Lewistown. They are popular and well known young people. Mr. and Mrs. Hogeland will make their home on tlie Hogeland ranch on the Judith river, where a new home lias been completed. SURRENDER REPORT NOW CONTRADICTED IT NOW APPEARS THAT NEGOTIATIONS BETWEEN AUSTRIA AND MONTENEGRO HAVE BEEN BROKEN OFF, AUSTRIA'S DE MANDS BEING UNACCEPTABLE TO LITTLE KINGDOM. KING NICHOLAS IS ON THE WAY TO ITALY It Is Presumed That With the Rreaking Off of the Peace Pour Parlers, the Austro-Hungarians Will Take up Where They Left Off the Cam paign of Crushing Montenegro—Russians Again Have Begun a Strong Offensive on Bessarabian Front—Germans Capture Trenches PARIS, .Inn. 19. (Via London. 2:15 p. til.) The following official state tn ut was issued today: "The wireless news of the stirren der of the Montenegrin army appears somewhat premature. It is now an nounced from another source that ne gotlatlons lad ween Austria and Mon THE LOCAL LAND OFFICE LEADS LEWISTOWN DISTRICT HOLDS RECORD FOR FILINGS DUR ING PAST YEAR. ..... TUTAL UF BUSINESS DONE LARGE!'''i The annual report of the commis sioner of the generat land office for (lie fiscal year ending June 30, 1915, lias just linen received ul the local land office. This report discloses some very interesting facts hearing upon the settlement of public lands in this district us well as in the state of Montana. The Lewistown district still main tains the lead In the number of filings made during the current year There have been more filings In the local office than In any other office hi the United Stales. The number of tilings received from July I. I9M, to July I. 1915, was 5,775, while tlie next larg est number of filings Is credited to the United Stales land office at. Havre, a total of 5,212, showing a dlf ferenco Of 563 In favor of file local office Notwithstanding the fuel that the Lewistown office still leads all other offices, I Ills year hIiowb a con siderable falling off from tlie previous year, there being 7,103 filings madi during the fiscal year of 1913-1914. The amount id' original land approp Hated in this district this year was 77,048.60. Tho total acreage upon which proof was made is placed at 209,400, while the acreage patented lit the district is shown to lie 346,902. Lands yet vacant, subject to entry under the existing land laws in the Lewistown district are shown to ho 1,779,722 acres, of which about 70 per cent lies within the borders of Fer gus county. Tlie majority of this open land is rough and mountainous in character and would more than likely come under the provisions of file 640 acre tract act which was passed by the lower branch of congress a few days ago, should that measure suc cessfully weather the storms In I lie senate and lieeoe a law. The laiwistown district comprises ail ot i'nrgos county and parts of Chouteau, Dawson, Meagher, Mussel-t shell. Rosebud and Sweet Grass conn-j ties. That these named counties and Montana generally have been receiv ing more settlers during tile past few years is conclusively shown by the last several reports of the commis sioner. The number of filings made in Montana during the risen! year is placed at 30,395 which far exceeds that of any other state; Colorado comes second with 17,230. Figuring the immigration to this date from this particular source and estimated upon the usual basis Montana would re ceive more than 100,000 families. The Kalispell office shows the small est number of entries during the year, only 355 entries having been made al that, office, while Missoula shows but 403 filings having been made. While the acreage appropriated in Fergus county during the past year only shows 41,393 acres as being disposed of. the innumerable relinquishments and re-filings would easily more than double the amount of land filed upon. Contest Department. The contest department shows that during the fiscal year 599 contests were filed, resulting in 324 cancel-1 unions, while 151 cases were reject-! ed, 72 eases are now before the com missioner or the secretary of the in terior on appeal, and there are now pending in the local office 52 cases. The contest work in the local of fice has been exceptionally heavy dur ling the past year, and indications are thut many more easese will be filed during the coming year, titan the mini-1 her shown for 1914-1915. ...... ' «-------— DEATH OF MRS DOWD. Joel Steiner received a telegram yes terday moiling telling of tlie death of his mother-in-law, Mrs. Timothy Dowd, in Butte. Mrs. Steiner, Miss v n i. . .. . Nellies Dowd . ml Mrs. D. J Hilger of Geraldine, three daughters, tier bedside. Mr. Steiner ' for Butte this morning, to his wife, whose health hits paired by the shock. were at i'ill leave be with been im teuegro have been broken, the condi tions of surrender Imposed by Aus tria having been found quite unaccept able by .Montenegro." The Journal des Debates says it is announced officially that King Nicho las of Montenegro and his family and suite have sailed for Italy, peace ne gotiations between Auslrhi and Mon tenegro having been broken off. ASSOCIATED PRESS RESUME. After only a slight pause since tlie conclusion of tho "new year's battle," on (lie eastern front, the Russians again have begun a strong offensive against the Austro-Hungarians on the Hessanilitan frontier, east of Czerno witz, capital id' ilukowiua. Vienna had forecast that the second phase of the battle In this region was Imminent by tlie announcement that lt,,hHia, ; B w.-rethrowt,,* a,rong «>■ iiiforcomcnte into EaHt Galicia. In the Initial offensive id' what prob ably will la 1 termed the second battle, the Russians latiurhed with numerous columns four attacks near Toporoutz and Hoyitn, hut, according to Vienna, they were everywhere repulsed. The Germans have attacked Res slim buses at Tarnnpol, East Galicia, with an air squadron. While the Turkish wur offices as sert that tlie Russians In the Uuucasiis have abandoned their offensive along the entire front of nearly 100 miles, owing to tlie reinforcements of the Ottomans and their assumption of a violent offensive, the luteal Russian official communication describes tho Turkish army in tills region us having been disorganized und dislodged from a strong position extending over 66 miles, thr' Turkish retreat taking oil the character of u panic-stricken I light. Several Turkish units, the eoiuniunication utlils, were almost an nlhllated, hundreds of bodies covering the held ol' battle. Willi the announcement that Monte negro had broken off negotiations for peace with Austriu-Huugnry comes the official statement in a Paris newspa per that King Nicholas and his fumlly and suite already are on their way to Italy. It Is presumed thut with the severing of the peace pour parlers, the Austro Hungarians uguln will take up where they loft off tho campaign of crushing the little kingdom, as Serbia was crushed. Although artillery bombardments, mining and counter-mining operations, and aerial attacks continue almost ex clusively on the western line In France, the Germans report the cap ture of trenches nlong tho Yser river. Entente allied airmen have dropped bombs on Metz and Arnuvllle, doing some material damage. _ Several attempts of the Italians to approach Austrian positions on the Tohutno sector and near Osluvia were repulsed. Bombardments Itavo pre vailed elsewhere. Another war council of the entente allies, ultended by the British and French members, lias been held In London. Nothing is known concern ing the council except that it was held for tlie discussion of plans for further prosecuting the war. Great Britain has Informed the Uni ted States, through Ambassador Page, that "Innocent" mail taken from the steamers by the British authorities Is not being unnecessarily delayed, but forwarded to the addresses immediate iy. __ - ~0 The total casualties iu the entire German army for the war number 2,535,788, according to an announce ment made In the house of commons by tiie parliamentary under secretary for' war. FERGUS COUNTY HOGS THAT SHOULD TOP MARKET SHIPPED TO TACOMA Harry Kldrldge and Henry Otten, who were in Lewistown yesterday from the Cottonwood section, state that a shipment of two carloads of hogs lias just been made out of Glen gary to Seattle. Mr. Eldridge had 64 hogs that averaged 206 pounds. They were farrowed in June and were of the Duroc Jersey breed. He re ceived 6 cents per pound-for them, lin( j _ sav .s they should top any hog market. Fred King, buying for Ger ti, a u s compuny of Tacoma, was the buyer. .Mr. King ulso bought some fine hogs from Otten Bros, and other ranchers of the Glengary session.