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FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT
Published by Demcu rat-News Co,, Inc. The Official Paper of Fergus County Tom Stout .........................................................................................................President Harry E. Lay .................................................................................................Manager <*• O- Iv«»s..........................................................................................*.......................Editor Entered at the postoifi-.'c at Lewistown, Montana, as second-class matter. Subscribers, Notice—in ordering your paper changed to a new address, mention old address also, to insure prompt delivery. Subscribers failing to receive their papers will please notify this office. Make checks and money orders payable to Fergus County Democrat. SUBSCRIPTION * On* year, in advance ..............................................................................................$2.00 31a months, In advance.............................................................................................. 1.26 Three months, in advance.......................................................................................... 76 For foreign subscription add postage. MAKE LEWISTOWN A BETTER PLACE IN WIIICH~ ToTlVE THURSDAY, JANUARY 20, 1910. STATE FORESTRY SCHOOL IS DESERVING. Senator T. J. Walsh has introduced a bill in congress granting one hundred thousand acres of public land to the state of Montana to be used for the benefit of the school of forestry which is maintained in connection with the state university at Missoula. If this bill finally Becomes a law, as the Journal ardently hopes it will, a beneficent work will have been accomplished. The forestry school of this state is doing a magnificently useful work. Established only about two years ago under the able supervision of Mr. Door Skeels the school of forestry has made rapid progress and is doing a splendid work. Dean Sheels is one of the ablest men in his colling in the United States. He is young, cultured, virile, enthusiastic and experienced. When the old national bureau of forestry was first established in re sponse to the demand for the conservation of the natural resources of this country. Mr. Skeels, scarcely out of his teens, became one of the original twelve or thirteen employes of the bureau. Before he had reached his majority he was appointed state forester for the state of Michigan. In that important office his work attracted na-l tional attention and commendation. In later years as supervisor of several of the national forest reservations of the west he firmly es-' lablished an enviable reputation for intelligence, capacity and hard common sense. A personal friend of G :rr rcl Pinchot and a great admirer of that; distinguished gentleman's conservation ideas, Mr. Skeels never per-i mitted himself to get awav from the intrinsic idea that the regions over wh fh he -'as given jurisdiction belonged to the people of the! United States and not to the officials. To him more than to any other man in the United States is d ie the change in public sentiment from me of extreme hostility to cne of co-o-eration and approval towards the forestry department ■s en ardent and ''nfcD ; •i -vs th-> 'nft'mabV - he United States government. Mr. Skeels advocate of timber conservation. He of preserving unharmed the great wate - i n _h'gh value upon a standing tree as any man in '•» . ,1 h dees not believe in the policy of re-' preis.on or - - 1 - ' ' interference with the rights of the men in tii s nati n who see;-, to ava'I themselves of the opportunities under • lie land laws to ohla n a h: roe in 'he timbered regions of the common wealth. As forest supervisor he has always helped and never harrassed the homesteader. To the little building now occupied by the forestry school at the state university more than one hundred students have been attracted by th* exceptionally favorable op ortunity to gain instruction in for estry Door Slt-els is an able : nstructor; from all over the northwest students m forestry are coming to Missoula because the Montana : n stitulion in two orief y urs has attained an enviable prcminenc throughout tin- ; nion The i mds necessary f r carrying on the work of thin important institution hate been distressingly meager; the equipment is scanty, the building ^s attractive and convenient, but inadequate, and the staff of instructors competent, but too small. Should Senator Walsh be fortunate enough to secure the passage of, the measure he will have added immeasurably to his record of brilliant service already rendered the state of Montana.-—Billings Journal. ABOUT MONTANA OATsT When the farmers convention was held in Lewistown a short time ago for the purpose of organizing a state association, attention was called to the fact that quotations on No. I oats were not carried in the press dispatches and a resolution was adopted requesting the newspapers of Montana to ask that these quotations be given.° The press of Montana is with the farmers and the newspapers sent in the request to the Associated Press for tlrs desired information. In re sponse to this the Democrat-News and all other Associated Press news papers a few days ago received notification from the Spokane office of the Associated Press, where all reports are gathered, to the effect that Superintendent Cowles, of the Chicago office, found that quota tions on No. 1 oats were not obtainable at either Chicago or Minne apolis. The greatest of all news gathering agencies desires to secure the information, but naturally, as the grade is not quoted, it cannot, at this time do so. Just what this means is clearly stated by the Helena Record which says, in commenting upon the notification: Montana growers of oats allege that under the system of quota tions at Minneapolis and Chicago they are forced to take less for their oats than they should from the elevator companies in the state. No. 3 oats are quoted and the quotation for this grade is several cents be low what the reports of sales of No. 1 oats bring in the eastern mar kets. In other words, while No. 1 oats are not quoted on the ex changes, there are reports of sales of No. 1 oats on the track, but there is no official quotation for this grade. Montana oats are the best sent to market, grading higher than any other, and when they get on the big markets they are sold at a premium. But the elevator companies in Montana buy them on the basis of the quotations at Minneapolis of No. 3 oats, presumably selling them later on a No. 1 basis. The con tention is if there was a quotation for No. I oats in the regular re ports, the elevator companies in the state would he forced to purchase on that quotation, which would mean a difference to Montana grow ers of thousands of dollars a year. The big producer of oats, the man v\ho has a carload to sell, can ship either to Minneapolis or Duluth and receive for his oats the premium over No. 3 grade which the Mon tana oals bring. But the small grower, the man who has less than a carload and who is forced to sell to the elevator company, must take the price the local buyer offers. It would seem that if the organiza tions of farmers in the state would make the appeal for a quotation on No. 1 oats direct to the chamber of commerce at Minneapolis, it might be possible to get an official quotation on that grade. It might also be possible for those growers who have less than a car!o>.d to club to gether and make up a carload and ship direct. This is the system fol TIME is the essence of men's lives— When utilized properly it returns good divi dends— When a portion of those dividends are de posited regularly in a strong bank, earning interest, the accumulation soon places the depositor in position to take advantage of the opportunity for investments that TIME will surely offer. OPEN AN ACCOUNT NOW —In the— BANK OF FERGUS COUNTY LEWISTOWN, MONTANA ---- - The Oldest State Bank in Montana Resources Over $2,000,000.00 lowed by those who have small bunches of cattle to market in the fall and spring." ELECTIONS THIS YEAR. Montana voters will have quite a busy little time of it this year. First will come the municipal elections, of varying interest in differ ent localities. In Lewistown three aldermen will be chosen. Along in the latter part of April, on the twenty-first we believe, will come the presidential preference primary to indicate the choice for candi dates for president and vice president. At the same time delegates to the national convention will be chosen and presidential electors will be nominated. In August will come the state and county primaries to nominate andidates for state and county offices. This will occur on the twenty ninth of the month and wi' 1 be a very lively affair. Finally, "on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November," •vh ch will be November seventh will come the general election. At h s time voters will e- press their preference for national, state and county offmers and will also vote on a number of measures, some of 'hem being of the highest importance. There will be the state-wide 1 rchib tion measure, for instance, which of course ranks first both n its importance and in the interest taken in it. Another measure to be submitted will be for a constitutional amendment to grant the state board of equalization greater powers in the matter of equalizing assessments. There will also be submitted a measure to exempt from assessment state and government property used exclusively by horti cultural and agricultural societies and to exempt hospitals, when not conduc ted for profit, and church rroperty. Still another amendment 1 i be submitted is one m aid of the disability fund of municipal fire derailments. V- e shall hear a lot about all of these matters during the next few mnnMis. However, none of them is of a nature to require very ex tended explanat'on. We all know pretty well what they mean. Of course the mam fight will come over the prohibition matter and the -inns indicate that a pretty warm campaign will be waged over that measure. AS TO COUNTY ROADS. The grand jury, in its report last week, gave its unqualified ao proval to the system of road building in this county and incidentally recommended "a closer supervision in the repair and upkeep of the roads after they are once built." This is exactly what the county com missioners have been trying to bring about. To accomplish tins ; necessary to have the roads dragged systematically and this work must be done by those living adjacent to the roads. To get satisfac tory results, the dragging must be done shortly after a rainfall and hence men cannot be employed and sent out from a distance to do th" dragging. Again, it is altogether uncertain when the moisture will come and only those on the ground, knowing just what is to be done and how to do it can satisfactorily accomplish the task. The commissioners have made an effort to arrange for systematic diag ging and to that end have furnished the drags and pay approximately $6 a day for the work. Naturally, such a system cannot be built up out of hand or in a day but the task is being gradually accomplished and with the good start made it will presently meet all requirements. It is, nevertheless, well that the grand jury should call attention to the matter since it will lead to a better understanding as to what is required and emphasize its importance. All this is, of course, per fectly understood by the commissioners and the discussion should make it easier for them to secure the necessary co-operation. ARGENTINA AND WHEAtT The statistical department of the Argentine ministry of agriculture has prepared a detailed report showing the cost of growing wheat on a typical farm in the province of Buenos Ayres, about six miles from a raihvav. It shows that it cost 65 cents a bushel to produce the wheat under these conditions. The report being called to the atten tion of F. J. Wilmer, a banker of Rosalia, Washington, who is consid ered an authority on wheat growing in the Palouse, he presents a statement of the cost of wheat production there, the analysis showing 'his to be 54 cents per bushel. At this time it doubtless costs less to grow wheat in the Palouse section of Washington than in many parts of the west, especiallv the more recently settled districts, but the con clusion reached by Mr. Wilmer will apply to this country generally He says: "The bugbear of South American competition as a disas trous factor calculated to menace the prosperity of the wheat belt of the northwest is not serious." That exhibit of the bodies of suddenly deceased Mexican bandits, made by the Mexican government, is a very satisfying one, as far as it goes, but it lacks a lot in its extent and variety. IN STATE OFJNPREPflREDNESS (Continued From Page One.) — tary duty would rest, counting or only 50 per cent of tile men at that ago. He believed, however, that every citizen should be held liabie for some duty to the government in case of war. "General Wood,' Chamberain, "an untrained army never could have resisted Germany on the French frontier, could it?" ashed Senator | "They never would have known what lilt 'em," General Wood answer-1 ed. A vital factor in the present situ ation, he told the committee, was the necessity for building up an officers' reserve corps. With 40,000 students in the land grant colleges under mili tary training and every important higher educational institution offeii officers training units, he thought would be an easy tiling to build up the force of 50,000 officers necessary. Asked what need there was now for preparedness that did not exist a year ago, General Wood said there were storm signals on all sides and no one knew when the lighting would strike. ln S; i J ] I | "The developments of the last year, I both to the south of us and abroad," j he said, "indicate that we need to be prepared." On the question of coast defenses, I he said, the present guns were able i to reach a range of 34,0fi0 yards if mounted for a 45 degree elevation. The trouble was with the gun car riages, he said, which limited their fire to 14,000 yards, whereas Euro pean navy craft were sinking ships at over 17,000 yards. He placed the Uni ted States navy fourth among the world powers. Great I# Jtain, Ger many and Japan exceeding it in strength. Tite general said belligerent na tions were buying by the tens of thousands the Lewis machine gun, in vented by an American officer of the coast artillery, now retired, and jected by the ordnance bureau because of faulty material used in the weap on supplied for tests. This gun. de veloped three years ago. he explain- j ed. antenuated the one-man machine ed, antequated the one-man machine gun of the German army and could be carried and fired in any position by one man. He added that it would be tested here again soon. To show some of the work under way by the army, General Wood ex hibited the confidential plans for the defense of Boston, completed recently after nine months of surveying and study, ad including a lie of defense 80 miles in length and minute in detail. He said the civil engineers of the country were preparing to organize a reserve corps to aid in such work in future. ADMIRAL'S REPORT. WASHINGTON, Jan. 19—Stripped of its secrets, the annual report of Admiral Fletcher, commander-in-chief of the Atlantic fleet, was made public today by the senate. It says that on June 30 last the fleet was better bal anced and doing better shooting than ever before in its history, but lists 15 specific recommendations as to rondi swift scout cruisers and aircraft, to elimination of the compulsory feature of the navy's educational system. Witli the admiral's report was a let ter from Secretary Daniels stating that many of the conditions referred to already had been remedied and that taps had been take nto carry out I _ r _________________________________ ______ tions which should be remedied, rang f ng from shortage of men and lack of ........... .... ....______ other recommendations. Tlie secretary ' also pointed out that Admiral Fletcher I said most of the weaknesses were of j long standing and that he had omitted discussion of "the many satisfactory j features of the fleet" in the interest | of brevity. Tlie report was sent to the senate I in compliance with a resolution of fered by Senator Lodge, but was held to be confidential at the senator's request. Today Chairman Tillman of i tlie naval committee asked that the document be made public, as it had j been censored by the navy depart-. ment of all military information deem agree j? " ^ "the -----^ ! says, "the number of units assigned I to the fleet has been increased 15 j per cent., resulting in a better hal-1 anoed fleet, as shown by the maneu vers in Aueust. There are now in the Atlantic fleet 118 vessels of various tvpes, manned by a force of more than $27,000." euvers were carried out successful!v 1 with the exception of the movementa of the submarines and the results re fleet credit on the personnel and ma terial of the fleet." A suggestion In the report which : attracted attention, said: "I consider it important that the department in vestigate the possibility of providing grape shot, or a similar form of am . munition for use of tlie turret guns ! in repelling destroyer attacks. FOREIGN ARSHIF YrOCEEDING TOWARDS ENGLAND IS SIGHTED LONDON, Jan. 20.— (1:10 a. m.)— Dispatches from Copeniiagen report that a foreign airship was sighted over Trondhjem, Norway, at 9 o'clock Wednesday evening. It was proceed ing westward. --O-- AERIAL RAID. * PARIS, Jan. 18.— (9:30—Delayed) - Tlie immediate formation of an inde pendent armed flying squadron, the essential purpose of which would be i 4o carry on the war in Germany, is the recommendation of the French 1 Aerial league, the founders of which I include M. Barthou, former premier; ' W. Clemeneeau and other prominent ---- v EQUITY ELECTS OFFICER8. FARGO, N. D„ Jan. 19.—Officers of tlie Equity Co-operative Exchange, an organization of farmers of the north western states, were re-elected at the annual convention today as follows: K. M. Anderson, president; Magnus 1 Johnson, vice president, and G. A. Thiel, secretary-treasurer. It was de cided to increase the capital stock of tlie organization May 15 next $100,000 to $500,000. from' lro EET BILLINGS, Jan. 18.—The Montana Retail Merchants' association, with 300 delegates in attendance, today se lected Helena as next year's meeting Place, the convention to open the third Monday in January, and elected the following directors: Fred Sanden, Helena; C. N. Batch, Helena; E. P. Bourne, Helena; J. R. Yates, Billings: M. V. Wilson, Hel ena; W. J. Hogrefe, Bear Creek; Chas. Angus, Livingston; J. L. Carroll, Butte; E ,H. Fisher, Bozeman; M. Ar nold, Miles City, and F. M. Marble, Lewistown. The directors later elected ttie fol lowing officers: President, Fred Sanden, Helena; vice president, M. V. Wilson, Helena: second vice president, J. R. Yates, Billings; treasurer, E. P. Bourne, Helena. Thp association passed resolutions as tollows: Proposing to the state legislature a hill defining, licensing and regulating Peddlers; supporting a bill to do away with night auction sales; repeal ing present slate exemption law in bankruptcy and debt cases, because of alleged abuses; opposing giving away og goods or rebating by whole salers or jobbers, and favoring amend ment of Montana state law governing leasing of oil and gas lands so as to provide that leases shall hold good as long as oil or gas is found in pay ing quantities, instead of for only five years, as now. The Montana Products and Manu facturers' association tonight decided to meet next year in conjunction with ttie state retailers' convention at Hel ena in January. The association elect ed the following officers: President. G. N. Short, Butte; first vice president W. C. Bardon, Helena Na^gefe He]ena; t rLs Ure r W^ciBuscheLiy! ingston. Tlie association today took prelim inarv stops toward launching a. cam-! paign in behalf of "Montana-made" products. This evening the manufacturers en tertained the retailers at a big home products banquet. - MINNEAPOLIS, Jan. 18.—Optimism over tlie business outlook for the pres-, ent year was expressed by speakers at the annual convention of the North western Lumbermen's association, which opened here today. Increased building operations and plentiful sup l! ' es ot materials, they declared, gave promise of a record year in the indus ' ry - Talk of tlie possibility of a timber famine was put to rest when speakers declared that at the present rate of consumption tlie country lias a suffi-1 cient supply to last for 60 years. "Tlie consumption now is between 50,000,000.000 and 60,000,000.000 feet 04 lumber a year," said Homer Sackett 0 ,JJ'' CUk °' • N '°' considering tlie new growth we lave a supply large enough at last for a ' 4easi ' 60 years. ' -------O — - - --------- - . 11 / ij p, , , W 66Kill t^lClt61Tl6TXt c p j | n . o i or eaerai Keserve Danas *!—» » -«»— ——. ------ WASHINGTON Jan 15 —\n in i.ease of more than $8,000,000 in the resources of tlie federal reserve banks ««„ I, ... report of the banks'condition January , 14 ' ls . 8Ued ,odnv by 'he federal reserve It follows: board, Resources. Gold coin and certificates $260,855,000; gold settlement fund, $S5,630,000: gold redemption fund with United States treasurer, $1,215,000: total gold reserve, $347,700,000; legal in vault, T"* from 14 to da>s, $13,291,000: from =1 40 60 da ^*I fi '» 61 - 000; 4 ™n « 'o day8, $14,195,000, over JO $ 3 - 910 > 0u0 i total, $55,756,000. Investments. United States bonds, $17,613,000; nnlnicipal warrants,. $19 484,000; ied eral rPserve notes, net, $29,943,000; due from federal reserve banks, net, $12,905,000; all other resources, $9, 805,000; total resources, $507,579,000. 'hays, Liabilities. Capital paid in, $54,899,000; govern ment deposits, $26,879,000; reserve de posits, net, $413,710,000; federal re serve note, $11,948,000; all other Iiabil ities, $134,000; total, $507,579,000. Gold reserve against net liabilities, 79.1 per cent. Cash reserve against net liabilities, 82.4 per cent. Cash reserve against net deposit li abilities after sett'ng nsids 40 per cent reserve against net amount of federal reserve notes in circulation, 83.5 per cent. NEW COACH FOR U. OF W. MADISON, Wis., Jan. 19.—President „ ,, 0harles "• ' an Hlse of tlle University of WiS(, onsin said tonight that he was ready t0 recommend the appointment of 1 j aul Withington of Harvard as ooach of the university football team 4 * le * a " er w °uld accept the position, the salary to be $2,500 for the football season. McChesney Bros. Engineering Co. Lewistown, Mont. Engineer* and Machinery Specialists Tractors, Plows, Threshing Machinery, Gas oltne and Oil Engines, Farm Electric Light i ~ in ■■■! ■Ii— Plants, Farm Machinery, Feed Mills, «tc. ! see us before you buy. Near GL N. Depot Business Cards AXEL REFER Civil Engineer and Surveyor U. S. Mineral Surveyor Phone 138; room 402. BankElectric Building DRS. STRYKER & TAYLOR Osteopathic Physicians Room 202, Wise block; 'phone 295. Graduates American School, under A. T. Still, founder of osteopathy. EDGAR G. WORDEN Attorney-at-Law First National Bank Building Practice in All Courts and U. S. Land Office J. G. SMITH Baggage and Transfer , Office' phone, 538 Residence 'phone, 360 Call us for quick service MISS RUTH P. COOK Teacher of Piano and Harmony Pupil of Theodore Bohituanm Phone No. 92 DR. L. H. TOOLEY Dentist Rooms 4 and 5, Commercial Building Telephone 32 f| I I I ! 11 CJ I DTT „_„ „ 3 ' all ' 4S - kor * ,le Purpose 04 bringing men who have charge of P l| b'i c affairs into more intimate con :'act and t0 inv,te an interchange of thoUKht ' lookh| S to Public betterment and Increased official efficiency, city MEET IN BUTTE a " d county ^ offIctair>rom"ev"ery sec t!°n °f Montana are gathered in Butte today in attendance upon the annual conventions of the Municipal League alld ^tatc Associations of County Commissioners. Clerks, Assessors, Treasurers and Surveyors. The ses siolls wln continue throughout the week - 14 is the largest gathering of its kind in the history of the state, and save for communities in remote sections, practically every city and county is represented, Attorney General J. B. Poindexter and State Examiner H. S. Magraw are in attendance upon the meetings in an advisory capacity, Tomorrow's program will include visits to the mines, the smelters at Anaconda and smoker, banquet and cabaret entertainment in the evening, given by the Butte Chamber of Com merce. The Municipal league is made _________ are liable to actions for removal from office because of their efforts to save 'heir respective counties money in tlie matter of transcribing instruments for record was the peculiar situation that developed today at the meeting of tlie Association of Countv Clerks It is " ' ^ . ------ ____ CJeorge Simpson, brothers, are locked , u , p in th . e coun '.v jail here in connee *1 wlta the murder of Charles Steiner, the bachelor rancher w r hose jfrozen body was found a week ago to ,V S ca ~ in 20 miIes southeast Cody^ Wyo g %esterdav Sheriff H adv '? e . of ,|S" ^ SS ".'S'S up of all tlie ninyors. clerks, attorneys and treasurers of cities in Montana. Numerous addresses featured the various conventions. That 21 county clerks in Montana tlie result of the inauguration of a policy of using loose leaf books for copying the records and tlie perplex ing problems of how to get out of dilemma occupied the clerks, Attor ney General Poindexter and State Ex aminer Magraw all day. SUSPECTED MURDERERSCAUGHT RED LODGE. Jan. 19.—Bert and last Wednesday night/ 'th^ rtav 0 the murder was discovered, wearing boots land overshoes that , - corresponded to the tracks that were found near the Steiner cabin. According to the of fleers, robbery was the motive for the killing of Steiner. Recent experiments in England have shown that paper pulp of a good quality can be made from sudd, the inexhaustible vegetable product of the White Nile. Buy From Your Home M erc hant. WANTED 100 men, young or old, to get full particular* regarding our SHORT COURSE IN GAS TRAC TION ENGINEERING Educational and practical, cover ing construction, operation, care and repair of gaaolin* and q|| en Qinii, K-N-O-W-L-E-D-G-E spells SUC CESS in connection with a tractor It mean* "Bigger and Easier Money' for you and thousand* of eraMy" f ° r F ® rau * county gen Write today for details on this proposition. McCHESNEY BROS. ENGINEERING CO. LEWISTOWN, MONT. P. S.: Tractor farming is a pro nounced auccees in the hands of good operators. FREE COUR8E Given Our Cuetomere. They Make Good.