FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT
Published by Demcu rat-News Co,, Inc.
The Official Paper of Fergus County
Tom Stout .........................................................................................................President
Harry E. Lay .................................................................................................Manager
<*• O- Iv«»s..........................................................................................*.......................Editor
Entered at the postoifi-.'c at Lewistown, Montana, as second-class matter.
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MAKE LEWISTOWN A BETTER PLACE IN WIIICH~ ToTlVE
THURSDAY, JANUARY 20, 1910.
STATE FORESTRY SCHOOL IS DESERVING.
Senator T. J. Walsh has introduced a bill in congress granting one
hundred thousand acres of public land to the state of Montana to be
used for the benefit of the school of forestry which is maintained in
connection with the state university at Missoula. If this bill finally
Becomes a law, as the Journal ardently hopes it will, a beneficent
work will have been accomplished. The forestry school of this state
is doing a magnificently useful work. Established only about two
years ago under the able supervision of Mr. Door Skeels the school of
forestry has made rapid progress and is doing a splendid work.
Dean Sheels is one of the ablest men in his colling in the United
States. He is young, cultured, virile, enthusiastic and experienced.
When the old national bureau of forestry was first established in re
sponse to the demand for the conservation of the natural resources
of this country. Mr. Skeels, scarcely out of his teens, became one of
the original twelve or thirteen employes of the bureau. Before he
had reached his majority he was appointed state forester for the
state of Michigan. In that important office his work attracted na-l
tional attention and commendation. In later years as supervisor of
several of the national forest reservations of the west he firmly es-'
lablished an enviable reputation for intelligence, capacity and hard
A personal friend of G :rr rcl Pinchot and a great admirer of that;
distinguished gentleman's conservation ideas, Mr. Skeels never per-i
mitted himself to get awav from the intrinsic idea that the regions
over wh fh he -'as given jurisdiction belonged to the people of the!
United States and not to the officials. To him more than to any other
man in the United States is d ie the change in public sentiment from
me of extreme hostility to cne of co-o-eration and approval towards
the forestry department
■s en ardent and ''nfcD ;
•i -vs th-> 'nft'mabV -
he United States government. Mr. Skeels
advocate of timber conservation. He
of preserving unharmed the great wate -
i n _h'gh value upon a standing tree
as any man in '•» . ,1 h dees not believe in the policy of re-'
preis.on or - - 1 - ' ' interference with the rights of the men
in tii s nati n who see;-, to ava'I themselves of the opportunities under
• lie land laws to ohla n a h: roe in 'he timbered regions of the common
wealth. As forest supervisor he has always helped and never harrassed
To the little building now occupied by the forestry school at the
state university more than one hundred students have been attracted
by th* exceptionally favorable op ortunity to gain instruction in for
estry Door Slt-els is an able : nstructor; from all over the northwest
students m forestry are coming to Missoula because the Montana : n
stitulion in two orief y urs has attained an enviable prcminenc
throughout tin- ; nion The i mds necessary f r carrying on the work
of thin important institution hate been distressingly meager; the
equipment is scanty, the building ^s attractive and convenient, but
inadequate, and the staff of instructors competent, but too small.
Should Senator Walsh be fortunate enough to secure the passage of,
the measure he will have added immeasurably to his record of brilliant
service already rendered the state of Montana.-—Billings Journal.
ABOUT MONTANA OATsT
When the farmers convention was held in Lewistown a short time
ago for the purpose of organizing a state association, attention was
called to the fact that quotations on No. I oats were not carried in
the press dispatches and a resolution was adopted requesting the
newspapers of Montana to ask that these quotations be given.° The
press of Montana is with the farmers and the newspapers sent in the
request to the Associated Press for tlrs desired information. In re
sponse to this the Democrat-News and all other Associated Press news
papers a few days ago received notification from the Spokane office
of the Associated Press, where all reports are gathered, to the effect
that Superintendent Cowles, of the Chicago office, found that quota
tions on No. 1 oats were not obtainable at either Chicago or Minne
apolis. The greatest of all news gathering agencies desires to secure
the information, but naturally, as the grade is not quoted, it cannot,
at this time do so.
Just what this means is clearly stated by the Helena Record which
says, in commenting upon the notification:
Montana growers of oats allege that under the system of quota
tions at Minneapolis and Chicago they are forced to take less for their
oats than they should from the elevator companies in the state. No.
3 oats are quoted and the quotation for this grade is several cents be
low what the reports of sales of No. 1 oats bring in the eastern mar
kets. In other words, while No. 1 oats are not quoted on the ex
changes, there are reports of sales of No. 1 oats on the track, but there
is no official quotation for this grade. Montana oats are the best sent
to market, grading higher than any other, and when they get on the
big markets they are sold at a premium. But the elevator companies
in Montana buy them on the basis of the quotations at Minneapolis of
No. 3 oats, presumably selling them later on a No. 1 basis. The con
tention is if there was a quotation for No. I oats in the regular re
ports, the elevator companies in the state would he forced to purchase
on that quotation, which would mean a difference to Montana grow
ers of thousands of dollars a year. The big producer of oats, the man
v\ho has a carload to sell, can ship either to Minneapolis or Duluth
and receive for his oats the premium over No. 3 grade which the Mon
tana oals bring. But the small grower, the man who has less than a
carload and who is forced to sell to the elevator company, must take
the price the local buyer offers. It would seem that if the organiza
tions of farmers in the state would make the appeal for a quotation on
No. 1 oats direct to the chamber of commerce at Minneapolis, it might
be possible to get an official quotation on that grade. It might also
be possible for those growers who have less than a car!o>.d to club to
gether and make up a carload and ship direct. This is the system fol
TIME is the essence of men's lives—
When utilized properly it returns good divi
When a portion of those dividends are de
posited regularly in a strong bank, earning
interest, the accumulation soon places the
depositor in position to take advantage of
the opportunity for investments that TIME
will surely offer.
OPEN AN ACCOUNT NOW
BANK OF FERGUS COUNTY
LEWISTOWN, MONTANA ---- -
The Oldest State Bank in Montana
Resources Over $2,000,000.00
lowed by those who have small bunches of cattle to market in the
fall and spring."
ELECTIONS THIS YEAR.
Montana voters will have quite a busy little time of it this year.
First will come the municipal elections, of varying interest in differ
ent localities. In Lewistown three aldermen will be chosen. Along
in the latter part of April, on the twenty-first we believe, will come
the presidential preference primary to indicate the choice for candi
dates for president and vice president. At the same time delegates
to the national convention will be chosen and presidential electors
will be nominated.
In August will come the state and county primaries to nominate
andidates for state and county offices. This will occur on the twenty
ninth of the month and wi' 1 be a very lively affair.
Finally, "on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November,"
•vh ch will be November seventh will come the general election. At
h s time voters will e- press their preference for national, state and
county offmers and will also vote on a number of measures, some of
'hem being of the highest importance. There will be the state-wide
1 rchib tion measure, for instance, which of course ranks first both
n its importance and in the interest taken in it. Another measure
to be submitted will be for a constitutional amendment to grant the
state board of equalization greater powers in the matter of equalizing
assessments. There will also be submitted a measure to exempt from
assessment state and government property used exclusively by horti
cultural and agricultural societies and to exempt hospitals, when not
conduc ted for profit, and church rroperty. Still another amendment
1 i be submitted is one m aid of the disability fund of municipal fire
V- e shall hear a lot about all of these matters during the next few
mnnMis. However, none of them is of a nature to require very ex
tended explanat'on. We all know pretty well what they mean. Of
course the mam fight will come over the prohibition matter and the
-inns indicate that a pretty warm campaign will be waged over that
AS TO COUNTY ROADS.
The grand jury, in its report last week, gave its unqualified ao
proval to the system of road building in this county and incidentally
recommended "a closer supervision in the repair and upkeep of the
roads after they are once built." This is exactly what the county com
missioners have been trying to bring about. To accomplish tins ;
necessary to have the roads dragged systematically and this work
must be done by those living adjacent to the roads. To get satisfac
tory results, the dragging must be done shortly after a rainfall and
hence men cannot be employed and sent out from a distance to do
th" dragging. Again, it is altogether uncertain when the moisture
will come and only those on the ground, knowing just what is to be
done and how to do it can satisfactorily accomplish the task. The
commissioners have made an effort to arrange for systematic diag
ging and to that end have furnished the drags and pay approximately
$6 a day for the work.
Naturally, such a system cannot be built up out of hand or in a day
but the task is being gradually accomplished and with the good start
made it will presently meet all requirements.
It is, nevertheless, well that the grand jury should call attention to
the matter since it will lead to a better understanding as to what is
required and emphasize its importance. All this is, of course, per
fectly understood by the commissioners and the discussion should
make it easier for them to secure the necessary co-operation.
ARGENTINA AND WHEAtT
The statistical department of the Argentine ministry of agriculture
has prepared a detailed report showing the cost of growing wheat on
a typical farm in the province of Buenos Ayres, about six miles from
a raihvav. It shows that it cost 65 cents a bushel to produce the
wheat under these conditions. The report being called to the atten
tion of F. J. Wilmer, a banker of Rosalia, Washington, who is consid
ered an authority on wheat growing in the Palouse, he presents a
statement of the cost of wheat production there, the analysis showing
'his to be 54 cents per bushel. At this time it doubtless costs less to
grow wheat in the Palouse section of Washington than in many parts
of the west, especiallv the more recently settled districts, but the con
clusion reached by Mr. Wilmer will apply to this country generally
He says: "The bugbear of South American competition as a disas
trous factor calculated to menace the prosperity of the wheat belt of
the northwest is not serious."
That exhibit of the bodies of suddenly deceased Mexican bandits,
made by the Mexican government, is a very satisfying one, as far as it
goes, but it lacks a lot in its extent and variety.
IN STATE OFJNPREPflREDNESS
(Continued From Page One.)
tary duty would rest, counting or
only 50 per cent of tile men at that
ago. He believed, however, that every
citizen should be held liabie for some
duty to the government in case of
Chamberain, "an untrained army
never could have resisted Germany on
the French frontier, could it?"
ashed Senator |
"They never would have known
what lilt 'em," General Wood answer-1
A vital factor in the present situ
ation, he told the committee, was the
necessity for building up an officers'
reserve corps. With 40,000 students
in the land grant colleges under mili
tary training and every important
higher educational institution offeii
officers training units, he thought
would be an easy tiling to build up
the force of 50,000 officers necessary.
Asked what need there was now for
preparedness that did not exist a
year ago, General Wood said there
were storm signals on all sides and no
one knew when the lighting would
"The developments of the last year, I
both to the south of us and abroad," j
he said, "indicate that we need to be
On the question of coast defenses, I
he said, the present guns were able i
to reach a range of 34,0fi0 yards if
mounted for a 45 degree elevation.
The trouble was with the gun car
riages, he said, which limited their
fire to 14,000 yards, whereas Euro
pean navy craft were sinking ships at
over 17,000 yards. He placed the Uni
ted States navy fourth among the
world powers. Great I# Jtain, Ger
many and Japan exceeding it in
Tite general said belligerent na
tions were buying by the tens of
thousands the Lewis machine gun, in
vented by an American officer of the
coast artillery, now retired, and
jected by the ordnance bureau because
of faulty material used in the weap
on supplied for tests. This gun. de
veloped three years ago. he explain- j
ed. antenuated the one-man machine
ed, antequated the one-man machine
gun of the German army and could
be carried and fired in any position
by one man. He added that it would
be tested here again soon.
To show some of the work under
way by the army, General Wood ex
hibited the confidential plans for the
defense of Boston, completed recently
after nine months of surveying and
study, ad including a lie of defense 80
miles in length and minute in detail.
He said the civil engineers of the
country were preparing to organize a
reserve corps to aid in such work in
WASHINGTON, Jan. 19—Stripped
of its secrets, the annual report of
Admiral Fletcher, commander-in-chief
of the Atlantic fleet, was made public
today by the senate. It says that on
June 30 last the fleet was better bal
anced and doing better shooting than
ever before in its history, but lists 15
specific recommendations as to rondi
swift scout cruisers and aircraft, to
elimination of the compulsory feature
of the navy's educational system.
Witli the admiral's report was a let
ter from Secretary Daniels stating
that many of the conditions referred
to already had been remedied and that
taps had been take nto carry out I
_ r _________________________________ ______
tions which should be remedied, rang
f ng from shortage of men and lack of
........... .... ....______
other recommendations. Tlie secretary '
also pointed out that Admiral Fletcher I
said most of the weaknesses were of j
long standing and that he had omitted
discussion of "the many satisfactory j
features of the fleet" in the interest |
Tlie report was sent to the senate I
in compliance with a resolution of
fered by Senator Lodge, but was held
to be confidential at the senator's
request. Today Chairman Tillman of i
tlie naval committee asked that the
document be made public, as it had j
been censored by the navy depart-.
ment of all military information deem
agree j? " ^
"the -----^ !
says, "the number of units assigned I
to the fleet has been increased 15 j
per cent., resulting in a better hal-1
anoed fleet, as shown by the maneu
vers in Aueust. There are now in the
Atlantic fleet 118 vessels of various
tvpes, manned by a force of more
euvers were carried out successful!v 1
with the exception of the movementa
of the submarines and the results re
fleet credit on the personnel and ma
terial of the fleet."
A suggestion In the report which :
attracted attention, said: "I consider
it important that the department in
vestigate the possibility of providing
grape shot, or a similar form of am .
munition for use of tlie turret guns !
in repelling destroyer attacks.
FOREIGN ARSHIF YrOCEEDING
TOWARDS ENGLAND IS SIGHTED
LONDON, Jan. 20.— (1:10 a. m.)—
Dispatches from Copeniiagen report
that a foreign airship was sighted
over Trondhjem, Norway, at 9 o'clock
Wednesday evening. It was proceed
AERIAL RAID. *
PARIS, Jan. 18.— (9:30—Delayed) -
Tlie immediate formation of an inde
pendent armed flying squadron, the
essential purpose of which would be i
4o carry on the war in Germany, is
the recommendation of the French 1
Aerial league, the founders of which I
include M. Barthou, former premier; '
W. Clemeneeau and other prominent
EQUITY ELECTS OFFICER8.
FARGO, N. D„ Jan. 19.—Officers of
tlie Equity Co-operative Exchange, an
organization of farmers of the north
western states, were re-elected at the
annual convention today as follows:
K. M. Anderson, president; Magnus 1
Johnson, vice president, and G. A.
Thiel, secretary-treasurer. It was de
cided to increase the capital stock of
tlie organization May 15 next
$100,000 to $500,000.
BILLINGS, Jan. 18.—The Montana
Retail Merchants' association, with
300 delegates in attendance, today se
lected Helena as next year's meeting
Place, the convention to open the third
Monday in January, and elected the
Fred Sanden, Helena; C. N. Batch,
Helena; E. P. Bourne, Helena; J. R.
Yates, Billings: M. V. Wilson, Hel
ena; W. J. Hogrefe, Bear Creek; Chas.
Angus, Livingston; J. L. Carroll,
Butte; E ,H. Fisher, Bozeman; M. Ar
nold, Miles City, and F. M. Marble,
The directors later elected ttie fol
President, Fred Sanden, Helena;
vice president, M. V. Wilson, Helena:
second vice president, J. R. Yates,
Billings; treasurer, E. P. Bourne,
Thp association passed resolutions
Proposing to the state legislature a
hill defining, licensing and regulating
Peddlers; supporting a bill to do
away with night auction sales; repeal
ing present slate exemption law in
bankruptcy and debt cases, because
of alleged abuses; opposing giving
away og goods or rebating by whole
salers or jobbers, and favoring amend
ment of Montana state law governing
leasing of oil and gas lands so as to
provide that leases shall hold good
as long as oil or gas is found in pay
ing quantities, instead of for only five
years, as now.
The Montana Products and Manu
facturers' association tonight decided
to meet next year in conjunction with
ttie state retailers' convention at Hel
ena in January. The association elect
ed the following officers:
President. G. N. Short, Butte; first
vice president W. C. Bardon, Helena
He]ena; t rLs Ure r W^ciBuscheLiy!
Tlie association today took prelim
inarv stops toward launching a. cam-!
paign in behalf of "Montana-made"
This evening the manufacturers en
tertained the retailers at a big home
MINNEAPOLIS, Jan. 18.—Optimism
over tlie business outlook for the pres-,
ent year was expressed by speakers
at the annual convention of the North
western Lumbermen's association,
which opened here today. Increased
building operations and plentiful sup
l! ' es ot materials, they declared, gave
promise of a record year in the indus
' ry -
Talk of tlie possibility of a timber
famine was put to rest when speakers
declared that at the present rate of
consumption tlie country lias a suffi-1
cient supply to last for 60 years.
"Tlie consumption now is between
50,000,000.000 and 60,000,000.000 feet
04 lumber a year," said Homer Sackett
0 ,JJ'' CUk °'
• N '°' considering tlie new growth we
lave a supply large enough at last for
a ' 4easi ' 60 years. '
— - - --------- - .
11 / ij p, , ,
W 66Kill t^lClt61Tl6TXt
c p j | n . o i
or eaerai Keserve Danas
*!—» » -«»— ——. ------
WASHINGTON Jan 15 —\n in
i.ease of more than $8,000,000 in the
resources of tlie federal reserve banks
report of the banks'condition January
, 14 ' ls . 8Ued ,odnv by 'he federal reserve
Gold coin and certificates
$260,855,000; gold settlement fund,
$S5,630,000: gold redemption fund with
United States treasurer, $1,215,000:
total gold reserve, $347,700,000; legal
from 14 to da>s, $13,291,000: from
=1 40 60 da ^*I fi '» 61 - 000; 4 ™n « 'o
day8, $14,195,000, over JO
$ 3 - 910 > 0u0 i total, $55,756,000.
United States bonds, $17,613,000;
nnlnicipal warrants,. $19 484,000; ied
eral rPserve notes, net, $29,943,000;
due from federal reserve banks, net,
$12,905,000; all other resources, $9,
805,000; total resources, $507,579,000.
Capital paid in, $54,899,000; govern
ment deposits, $26,879,000; reserve de
posits, net, $413,710,000; federal re
serve note, $11,948,000; all other Iiabil
ities, $134,000; total, $507,579,000.
Gold reserve against net liabilities,
79.1 per cent.
Cash reserve against net liabilities,
82.4 per cent.
Cash reserve against net deposit li
abilities after sett'ng nsids 40 per cent
reserve against net amount of federal
reserve notes in circulation, 83.5 per
NEW COACH FOR U. OF W.
MADISON, Wis., Jan. 19.—President
0harles "• ' an Hlse of tlle University
of WiS(, onsin said tonight that he was
ready t0 recommend the appointment
of 1 j aul Withington of Harvard as
ooach of the university football team
4 * le * a " er w °uld accept the position,
the salary to be $2,500 for the football
McChesney Bros. Engineering Co.
Engineer* and Machinery Specialists
Tractors, Plows, Threshing Machinery, Gas
oltne and Oil Engines, Farm Electric Light
i ~ in ■■■! ■Ii— Plants, Farm Machinery, Feed Mills, «tc.
! see us before you buy. Near GL N. Depot
Civil Engineer and Surveyor
U. S. Mineral Surveyor
Phone 138; room 402.
DRS. STRYKER & TAYLOR
Room 202, Wise block; 'phone
295. Graduates American School,
under A. T. Still, founder
EDGAR G. WORDEN
First National Bank Building
Practice in All Courts and
U. S. Land Office
J. G. SMITH
Baggage and Transfer ,
Office' phone, 538
Residence 'phone, 360
Call us for quick service
MISS RUTH P. COOK
Teacher of Piano and Harmony
Pupil of Theodore Bohituanm
Phone No. 92
DR. L. H. TOOLEY
Rooms 4 and 5, Commercial
DTT „_„ „
3 ' all ' 4S - kor * ,le Purpose
04 bringing men who have charge of
P l| b'i c affairs into more intimate con
:'act and t0 inv,te an interchange of
thoUKht ' lookh| S to Public betterment
and Increased official efficiency, city
MEET IN BUTTE
a " d county ^ offIctair>rom"ev"ery sec
t!°n °f Montana are gathered in Butte
today in attendance upon the annual
conventions of the Municipal League
alld ^tatc Associations of County
Commissioners. Clerks, Assessors,
Treasurers and Surveyors. The ses
siolls wln continue throughout the
week - 14 is the largest gathering of
its kind in the history of the state,
and save for communities in remote
sections, practically every city and
county is represented,
Attorney General J. B. Poindexter
and State Examiner H. S. Magraw
are in attendance upon the meetings
in an advisory capacity,
Tomorrow's program will include
visits to the mines, the smelters at
Anaconda and smoker, banquet and
cabaret entertainment in the evening,
given by the Butte Chamber of Com
merce. The Municipal league is made
are liable to actions for removal from
office because of their efforts to save
'heir respective counties money in tlie
matter of transcribing instruments for
record was the peculiar situation that
developed today at the meeting of tlie
Association of Countv Clerks It is
^ . ------ ____
CJeorge Simpson, brothers, are locked
, u , p in th . e coun '.v jail here in connee
*1 wlta the murder of Charles
Steiner, the bachelor rancher w r hose
jfrozen body was found a week ago to
,V S ca ~ in 20 miIes southeast
Cody^ Wyo g %esterdav
Sheriff H adv '? e . of
,|S" ^ SS ".'S'S
up of all tlie ninyors. clerks, attorneys
and treasurers of cities in Montana.
Numerous addresses featured the
That 21 county clerks in Montana
tlie result of the inauguration of a
policy of using loose leaf books for
copying the records and tlie perplex
ing problems of how to get out of
dilemma occupied the clerks, Attor
ney General Poindexter and State Ex
aminer Magraw all day.
RED LODGE. Jan. 19.—Bert and
last Wednesday night/ 'th^ rtav 0 the
murder was discovered, wearing boots
land overshoes that
, - corresponded to
the tracks that were found near the
Steiner cabin. According to the of
fleers, robbery was the motive for the
killing of Steiner.
Recent experiments in England
have shown that paper pulp of a good
quality can be made from sudd, the
inexhaustible vegetable product of
the White Nile.
Buy From Your Home
M erc hant.
100 men, young or old, to get full
particular* regarding our
SHORT COURSE IN GAS TRAC
Educational and practical, cover
ing construction, operation, care
and repair of gaaolin* and q|| en
K-N-O-W-L-E-D-G-E spells SUC
CESS in connection with a tractor
It mean* "Bigger and Easier
Money' for you and thousand* of
eraMy" f ° r F ® rau * county gen
Write today for details on this
P. S.: Tractor farming is a pro
nounced auccees in the hands of
Given Our Cuetomere.
They Make Good.
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