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FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT Published by Democrat-News Co., Inc. The Official Paper of Fergus County Tom Stout — Harry E. Lay.. . ^pOQRA f, Jf/C4\ Entered at the postoffice at Lewistown, Montana, as second-class matter. Subscribers, Notice—In ordering your paper changed to a new address, mention old address also, to insure prompt delivery. Subscribers failing to receive their papers will please notify this office. Make checks and money irders payable to Fergus County Democrat. SUBSCRIPTION one year, in advance................................................................................................$2.00 months, In advance.............................................................................................. 1-25 | Three months, in advance— ................................................-.................................75 ! For foreign subscription add postage. i • i'TUR P'.' IX WHICH TO DIVE DA 1, JANUARY 27, 1916. BEET SUGAR FACTORY. Lewistown has been giving attention to the prospect of securing a Seet sugar factory for three years past and once it came pretty near s curing definite results. The effort has not been relaxed, but if the r e is to be obta'ncd it is evidently going to take a vigorous and n s canpa'^n to that end Great Falls is now an aspirant for h an industry and : t looks as though Missoula would enter the con -f. T he Missoulian says regarding the matter: . lerc at Missoula centers four great irrigated valleys, each of them vith acreage enough to keep a beet sugar factory busy for the entire i season. Within a radius of 75 miles from Missoula are more acres of irri gated soil than lies within the same distance of any other city in the state. Here are two transcontinental railroads, with branch lines reaching in every direction. There are no sugar factories in the ter ritory to the west of us. The market that is available for the product will nr^bablv exceed that of anv similar location in the northwest. merer . Why not get busy tedav and wire Judge Rolapp that the entire; energy and the moral and financial support of all western Montana . b-. t ?nterpr ih more to Missoula than all the pos-j n durv^ed by our chamber of com-! will back up the proposed enterprise? Instead of diluting our energy on things of a temporary character, why not pledge the entire re sources of the chamber of commerce for the next five years in aid of a beet sugar factory, now? Now is the time, here is the place and here is the opportunity. Sup pose the people of these four valleys should pledge a quarter of a mil lion dollars for stc r paid by the people reasonable doubt thit ! 1 ire monev vv •• ic 1 ! ten times over during dr !! we have net d ssi; ; v o 'are upon ca^h r 1 h i 'h" enterprise—-just one-third of the taxes hi- count ■ last November—do you have anv a beet factory would be built this vear?j i n d to the peo. le of these four valleys; ne t five years. 1 ted all our old-time energy, in waging petty j gram pledging $250,000 ought to b ij i d before 12 o'clock tonight. i ? enator Teller always declared that a beet sugar factory would | make $200, eight per cent land within a 60-mile radius of the plant.! Asugar factory at M ssoula is worth all the crack football teams, j Uack meets and stampedes for 100 years to come. Why not concen- j ate every ounce of our combined community's energy on somethin hat will make the assessment rolls of Missoula and Ravalli counties j double during the next five-year period? hi <he immed'ate y: • * rcr of a real possibility, that means more; 'o the people of western Montana than the building of another trans continental railroad th ;.r>h 'Tell Gate canyon, why stand around the j ' et corners discuss'ng "the Craighead matter'' and other ancient I -why not wire Judge Rolap tonight, that Missoula and her; ghbers stand ready to underwrite one-quarter of the million do!-' t« necessary to turn permanent prosperity loose in every home and; siness house between Hamilton and Poison? j - ——--- [ JUDITH BASIN LAND. ! W ii!e there h*s ' e n a 1 'll fer seme months past in citv realty, it; s notable ilia' -li u ; m ; <U b. l!v Judl'h Basin l ist as keen as : .! b ;nti> papers re., au ,ui. tran sactions every w A -a ; ■ , as High as they have ever been. The 1 act is that farm property in this part of the state is in sharp demand: and there is every indication that this demand will show a continuous' increase. j Tn this connection the address made by Donald Montgomery at the! hrmers' banquet last week is in point. Mr. Montgomery, who has j tTp some ra*h~r large mvestments here, has familiarized himself ( i « c -' Inrd r "rnge v elds and so on, and he was thor ° ; vie ,,i wa and all that part of the country v.nen lie ame it !i..n }, related the sale a short time ago of a: Iraci of arm land n or h ' old home in Iowa at $325 an acre, which we j ;dge is a very high price ev en for Iowa land. However, it was I worth whatever it brought. Mr. Montgomery stated that the tract referred to was no better than Judith Basin land, its sole advantage being the proximity of a big market. Basing his conclusion upon his own observation Mr. Montgomery predicted that when Judith Basin and was commonly sold at $100 an acre and upwards, it would move faster than it dees now. We can readily believe that. When land was held at $10 aed an acre there was very little demand made when it had reached $30 or as the demand increases and th : s . _ Mr. Mon'gcmery does not consider ioe farmer specially f-rtjnate who is able to sell out at present prices, ine fortunate one, as he figures it, is the farmer who can hold his land. for it better proc • Natural!: going THE POPULAR THEORY. There are divergent views of preparedness and the national de fense. Those who are agreed upon the general principle are not agieed won the details. Not all who favor the defense idea will agiee with all that Colonel Roosevelt urged in his Americanization speech. But he employed cne phrase which, it seems to us, comes xeiy near to expressing the view of the largest number of the Amer ican people: "For adequate defense we need a big efficient navy, a small effic ient army.'' I J . r , • ! I .very advocate or preparedness who favors a theory of defense •11 1 -. . • I which avoids the specter of a military nlioarcViv urill ,„L-,;i, 0 A' s nll . nr OI a „ . / ,, 7' Will subscribe to this. I ^ UI y 0Y uns °und, many Will not follow Colonel Roosevelt to the length of supporting "a system of universal military training " Thev mav not hr wlllm. n . » ? rr- ammg ' ln . ey ll cf ■ "filing to go tnat tar. out a big efficient navy and a small efficient army" is the popular thought of the countrv_ St Paul Dispatch. ' y ' ' | ! FERGUS COUNTY DEMOCRAT TIME is the essence of men's lives— When utilized properly it returns good divi dends— Wh 2n a portion of those dividends are de posited regularly in a strong bank, earning interest, the accumulation soon places the depositor in position to take advantage of the opportunity for investments that TIME will surely offer. OFLN AN ACCOUNT NOW —In the— BANK OF FERGUS COUNTY LEWISTOWN, MONTANA I j THE WISE COURSE. In refusing to be stampeded into armed intervention because of the action of a band of outlaws in killing some Americans who were in Mexico the president has once more demonstrated his good judgment and sound common sense. It is easy enough to get into war. There are lots of men who would like to be president who would be able to lunge this country into a conflict with another nation without diffi culty and no one would have to be a wise man in order to do that. But it takes a wise man to keep out of war. There have been a number of happenings during the past year and a half which might have involved this country in war with any one of several European countries or with Mexico. There has always been those of hasty tempter and ill-considered thought whose voice has been for war whenever anything has happened to disturb the coun try's equanimity. There have been abundant opportunities for this country to engage in war. The president, through all these happen mgs, has been cool, calm and j atient. And the people, after the flurry and excitement have passed, have always returned to the con elusion that the president knows best after all. One nation can declare war, but it takes two nations to agree to a peace. It is better to wait a little longer before plunging into war than to take so much more time after the plunge in counting the cost and expressing vain regrets. When the news first came of the killing of Americans in Mexico there were some who wanted the president to take violent action at once. The outcome already has shown that the president was right once more.—Anaconda Standard. ' ANYTHING TO BEAT WILSON." The Wall street grievance against President Wilson is like the pro German grievance, and there is about as much patriotism in one as in the other. Neither of these elements has been able to use the president or con ■ troi his administration. Therefore both are prepared to exert all their power to defeat his re-election. The pro-Germans would have been satisfied with Mr. Wilson if he had war ed international law sufficiently to violate neutrality in the interests of the kaiser. Like the pro-Germans, the big business inter ests can point to no instance in which the administration has sought to persecute them or intimidate them. They have had justice, but jus t:e is n t what 'hey want They demand privilege, and privilege is hat they have been unable to get. I he great financial and industrial interests represented at the "any thing-to-beat-Wi!son" dinner that Judge Gary gave to Colonel Roose velt are more than prosperous. They were never before able to face in the future with so much confidence in the financial and economic stability of the United States; but that is not enough. A widelv dis j tributed prosperity is not their notion of prosperity. They want it all. ( No matter how much money they have, they cannot be happy while somebody else has money that they cannot get away from him. And so they are clamorous for a return to Hannaism, in which Wall street was the government of the United States. A combination of Wall street, the German vote, Theodore Roose I velt and the Republican machine may be able to control the national election of 1916, but we doubt it. Our own belief is that there is still a great deal of disinterested patriotism in the United States and that the idealism of the fathers has not yet been wholly submerged in hyphens or in dollars.—New York World. -— TL ... , I"U0ME TAX. the constitutionality of the income tax has at last been affirmed ,v th" supreme court of the United States. While a vast majority ex pected this result, it is nevertheless very satisfactory to have the ques tion removed from the realm of debate. Many able men have op posed the principle of this law as unconstitutional and while they have been a very small minority, minorities have often been found to be in the right in the end. Plans have been under consideration for a good while looking to an expansion of the income tax law as it now exists and yesterday's decision will, in all probability, lead to some definite action along that line. If this is done—and in all probability that will be the outcome —the extension of the law will be aimed at the immense incomes and fortunes, although the smaller ones may not escape entirely. It is because of the probable effect upon future legislation as to income taxation, rather than the existing law, that the decision derives its greatest importance. TRAINING CAMPS. NEW YORK, Jan. 26.—Plans for wno , „ . . . the military training camps at Platts- , . f ( tt> .^ 1 e J a bure and Fort rnrlethnrne R».. next contest was settled LIVELY CONTEST SETTLED. What got to be a very warm land burg and Fort Oglethorpe, Ga., next ! t ° n settled in the height of summer, were announced today by the ' t n s n t " r " d f' es , s V^tet-day at noon, in the department of the east. According to j .. test department of the local land 111086 in cllarf?e ' arrangements already • 0 - 166 ' Tlu? il6 " on was entitled el i iQ have been made made to aceommo-; Erickson vs. Thomas McEnenny, in date a minimum attendance of 10,000. j vohmg a preference right location, Ma -i- Gen - Leonard Wood, it was said,; , aal 'les Anderson represented the con-1 | confidently expects the number will | ^ 6s ^ ant an< l J- W. Barker and C. E. ! be twice that. ! McKoin the claimant. HELD AT FERGUS TO ENABLE THEM TO MEET J. F. SINCLAIR OF MINNEAPOLIS. NUMEROUS INFORMAL TALKS MADE The Lewistown banks and some other institutions were represented at to a delightful banquet given at the Fer gus Monday evening by S. C. Purdy, Montana manager lor the John F. Sin clair & Co. farm mortgages of Minne-! apolls, on the occasion of the visit of! the head of the corporation, J. F. Sin-1 clair, to Lewistown, Mr. Purdy's idea ' being to afford Mr. Sinclair an appor -1 tunity to meet the bankers of this city and surrounding territory. Owing . to the delayed trains, most of the out side financiers were unable to reach the city, but it was a representative and congenial company that greeted Mr. Sinclair. Banquet a Fine One. The banquet itself was a real feast, the spread being a succession of de licious and appetizing features. Fol lowing it, with Mr. Purdy as toast master, a number of interesting ad dresses were made, all of them being of an informal nature. The only ex tended talk was made by Mr. Sinclair, who discussed the European war in its relation to financial conditions at present and following the restoration of peace. He quoted the opinions of the authorities in respect to this. Mr. Sinclair also went into the farm loan business and discussed in a general way the problems confronting bankers and farm loan firms at this time. The situation was one that called for wise conservatism all around and "safety first" should be kept in mind always. Samuel Phillips expressed his pleas ure at being present anti in listening to the sound and interesting views of Mr. Sinclair. David Hilger dealt somewhat with the farm loan business. The man back of the farm loan had to stand back of the proposition that th© eastern buyer would get his interest when due and then his principal. He was the man who had to guarantee the whole propo sition. In his view of it, considering the matter fairly, bpth from the stand point of the farmer and of the man who loaned his money upon the farm, he believed the owner was being treat ed fairly when all the existing facts were taken into consideration, Instead of basing a conclusion upon some ideal condition that did not yet exist. Speaking as a banker, T. T. Taylor said that from his study of the matter, taking into consideration the actual conditions under which the banks of i Montana were doing business, he con-1 sidered the interest rates fair. These conditions would gradually change, no doubt, but it was not upon such changes that business was done today. W. J. Johnson touched upon some problems that all bankers in this city and county met with. It was as hard to accurately forecast future condi tions exactly as it was hard early last fall to forecast the price wheat would reach at a certain time. The thing to do was take it easy and hold things down pretty well until the future had shaped itself somewhat more def initely. Secretary L. D. Blodgett of the Chamber of Commerce told of the bene fit of loyalty to a community and cited the chamber as an illustration of this. The chamber was endeavoring all the time to bring any possible benefit to the farmer. Some prejudice had been met with, hut that, he be lieved, was being gradually overcome, as the farmers found that there was nothing upon which to base it. Cashier L. V. Jackson of the Mocca sin State bank expressed his pleasure at being able to. attend this banquet. He was much interested in the in formal, yet instructive talks. The 1Ui 11 * * u e J ^ 1 ne pioblems that confronted the banks were constant, but the bankers were doing their best to solve them on a basis of equity. F. J. Hazen referred to the rising tide of bank deposits and said it was going to be a country-wide problem to find out what to do with all this money. The exchange of views had been instructive and the whole occa sion an enjoyable one. Glen S Bills the new president of the Lewistown' State bank, who has had much experience in the'farm loan business, emnlisized the afact that con ditions today called for "safety first." In the matter of farm loans there were bulls on one side and bears on the other. The thing to do was to steer a conservative course between the two extremes. Fred Robinson, whose lumber com pany is associated with the Sinclair company to some extent, spoke of the necessity for "the middle man" In the scheme of business, under existing conditions in this country, and he ex pressed the belief that the "njiddle man" would always fill a useful role. Mr. Sinclair will go on to Great Falls today, and before the company separated he expressed again his pleas ure at meeting the bankers and busi ness men, and stated that he planned to come to Lewistown again before a great while. KYSER—M'AFEE WEDDING. Judge Brassey officiated late Thurs day evening at the marriage of two well known Geraldine residents, Thos. R. Kyser and Gladys McAfee. Mr. Kyser is a rancher near Geraldine and the newly-weds will make their home on the ranch. ---O POSTMASTER ARRESTED. SALT LAKE CITY, Jan. 26—A. E. Pritchard, assistant postmaster and superintendent of the financial divi sion of the Salt Lake postoffice, was .arrested today charged with embezzle I ment of $3,055, April 27, 1914. Prltch j counting system in effect before he entere d the financial division and that he has never appropriated any gov j ernment funds to his own use. He was arraigned this afternoon and released f [on bond. He had been connected with | the postoffice here 17 years. McConochie & William* are the attor IS SENTENCES (Continued From Page One.) chase. A. D. Strouf is the attorney for the plaintiffs. The Pure Oil company has brought suit against David Foreman to recover $413. Ralph J. Anderson is the plain tiff's attorney. J. M. Cooper has brought suit against William N. Peters recover $350. S. W. Pennock repre sents the plaintiff. 1. Weaver lia* brought an action gainst Anton Shafer to recover $597. neys for the plaintiff. Marie Whidden lias brought suit against Andrew J. Armstrong to re cover $1,000. The plaintiff is repre sented by Ralph J. Anderson, Mr. Kirkland's Denial, City Attorney 1. B. Kirkland appear vd * n court Friday and entered a bond being fixed denial of the truth of the accusation returned by the grand jury and each article thereof, this accusation alleg ing the receipt of fees from the city | for legal services in excess of the sal ary fixed by ordinance. Mr. Kirkland is represented bv Judge E. K. Chea dle and Charles J. Marshall of Lewis town, and Walsh, Nolan & Scallon of Helena, this' firm comprising United States Senator T. J. Walsh, Col. C. B. Nolan and William Scallon. New Cases. The Empire hank lias brought suit against C. A. McCann to recover $466. O. O. Mueller represents the bank. i The Stanford Merc^uitile company has brought suits against R. W. Craw- j ford to recover $629 and Tlieo Haney to recover $275. Belden & DeKalb rep resent the plaintiff. W. A. Kellogg, Inc., lias brought suit against W. F. Hagen to recover $262. E. O. Worden represents the plaintiff. M. N. Stevens has brought an ac tion against A. M. Samuels to recover $400. W. C plaintiff. John Gill has brought suit against . J. H. Wilson to recover $3,000. The plaintiff is represented by O. O. ! Mueller. j Huck Sentenced. ! Huck, the man -----■ I | . j Husband represent's the j j William Huck, the man recently i brought back from Oconto, Wisconsin, by Sheriff Tullock on a forgery , charge, yesterday yleaded guilty and ! was sentenced by Judge Avers to from two to three years in the pen. I In the case of A. J. Hagey, the young man found guilty at the last term of burglary in breaking into the granary of his employer, Henry Brink, and taking some wheat, was granted a new tnal, and later decided to plead guilty of burglary in the second de-, gree. He was given from four months fo a year. Beagey was represented by Attorney W. H. Smith. ; Leslie Brownson, indicted for for gery, and represented by Blackford & Huntoon. pleaded not guilty, his i $1,000 j Later McDonald pleaded guilty and Judge Ayers gave him a penitentiary j sentence, but in order to make a re by the court at j i New Trial. i In the case of Willett against Otten, j the latter's motion for a new trial was | sustained. j --! A year in the pen is the price Archie j McDonald will pay for one small spree, j the law operating automatically in his case. Some weeks ago McDonald was arrested tor carrying concealed weapons. He was intoxicated at the time and had been waking some threats. The grand jury took the mat ter up and returned an indictment. currence of the offense unlikely pa- ; roled the prisoner on condition that he absolutely abstain from the use of limior. McDonald quickly agreed to I all of this and was . sent on his way ! rejoicing. It is now learned that he j broke the parole once before by drink ing but this did not become known, j Ilis last offense was a public one. Me-, Donald admitted that he deserved his j fete and had no ground for any com-; plaint as he knew in advance what! would happen to him. j Dieziqer Pleads Guilty. Louis Dieziger, who was brought I back from Helena a few days ago to answer to a charge of forging the sig-; five in all. the demurrers were I nature of Henry Otten to a check for Jfi "Ai" ■ ' Some Orders. In the cases of the Fergus County j State Bank of Hobson and the FiBt j ...... "—v crxDnct W S. Dickson, over The demurrer was overruled in the ! 1 case of the JudiD 1 Auto company ! a S ainst Stoner. , ! , .... cl l ol#0 '? E * tat ?' . , .. A petition for the probate of the will.of the late Thomas Nicholson sr. was filed Monday. It is estimated that the value of the estate does not exceed $10,000, of whicli $3,000 is in cash and notes. ' The local railroad offices again issue warning to the public that all who should lay In a supply of coal while they can get It. This warning not be needed, but there is an average of 10 inches of light snowfall the "west end," and should the winds rise to any extent, the roadways be buried. That means that traf will he blocked and freight trains have to give way to passengers. Some coal is being hauled In every day, but the supply In town Is not over abundant, and there is no tolling when the outside supply may he cut Not only Lewistown, but all the towns along both railroads would be affected. McChesney Bros. Engineering Co. Lewistown, Mont. Engineers and Machinery Specialists Tractors, Plows, Threshing Machinery, Gas oline and Oil Engines, Farm Electric Light Plants, Farm Machinery, Feed Mills, etc. See us before you buy. Near Gt. N. Depot. Business Cards AXEL REFER Civil Engineer and Surveyor U. S. Mineral Surveyor 'Phone 138; room 402. BankElectric Building DRS. STRYKER A TAYLOR Osteopathic Physicians Room 202, Wise block; 'phone 295. Graduates American School, under A. T. Still, founder of osteopathy. EDGAR G. WORDEN Attorney-at- Law First National Bank Building Practice in All Courts and _ U, S. Land Office _ J. G. SMITH Baggage and Transfer Office' phone, 638 Residence 'phone, 300 Call us for quick service MISS RUTH P. COOK Teacher bf Piano and Harmony Pupil of Theodore Bohlmanu Phone No. 92 DR. L. H. TOOLEY Dentist Rooms 4 and 5, Commercial Building Telephone 32 -O . , , . . . _ house today, selected Great Falls as the place of meeting for next year, and the conventions will be held on the same dates as this year. The coun MEET NEXTlEIR IN GREAT FA BUTTE, Jan. 21.—The State Asso ciation of County Officers, including the commissioners, clerks, auditors, treasurers, surveyors and assessors, in Joint session assembled at the court , . . , ty commissioners convention turned down a proposition that they pass a resolution supporting a policy of mil itary preparedness by this govem ment. The commissioners also listened to an exposition of the law upon a num ber subjects by Attorney General p 0 j n dexter and an address by Attor ney j ohn q Brown upon legislation heretofore sccured bv the association, h „ wa „ f , o ;. nKpl in thp nast °T r *hlch he was counsel in tne past The l:0 E !nty , aaur ° rs 1 re ° pe " ed and reconsidered the entire list of assess men t schedules for taxation, and the commissioners by resolution revoked i (he resolution of a year ago, fixing j Helena as the place of meeting when i ever the legislature was in session. i and upon motion empowered the chair j man to appoint a committee of five | members to work for legislation de j sired by the association. The next question discussed was j W hat the duties of the commissioners j are in res pect to the issuance of li q U or licenses under the new law ap p i ving to sma ll places in the counties outsi d e of cities. Judge Poindexter sap j t bei . e seemed some confusion as to the law and the duties of the commissioners. He added that he be lieved the law had been initiated by the liquor interests themselves to reach undesirable road houses and ; cross-roads saloons, and that the meas ure was ^ or (^ ie purpose of ' cleaning house'' among the liquor sellers, I The State Auditors' association elect ! ed officers for the year as follows: j Clark Wright, Gallatin county, pres dent; J. F. Redmond, Sheridan county, j vice president; Fred J. Murray, Mis soula county, secretary treasurer. j -O-- FORGER PLEADS GUILTY, Louis Deizeger, a well known resi j dent of Fergus county, Friday after noon appeared before Judge Brassey in t be justice court and pleaded guilty He was bound to a charee of forgery over to tbe district court, to plead be I for $40. fore Jud A Mr Dtizeger forged - H '™*» «<*•»* j j -O FOR KILLING DEER. Deputy Game Wardens Jim Weaver and Tom Berkin returned yesterday from a trip to the Castle mountains, ! where they arrested a couple of men ! far killing deer. The prisoners were , taken to White Sulphur Springs ' where their cases will be disposed of. WANTED 100 men, young or old, to get full particulars regarding our SHORT COURSE IN GAS TRAC TION ENGINEERING Educational and practical, cover ing construction, operation, care and repair of gaaoline and oil en gines. K-N-O-W-L-E-D-G-E spells 8UC CESS in connection with a tractor. It means "Bigger ancf Easier Money" for you and thousands of dollars for Fergus county gen erally. Write today for details on this proposition. McCHESNEY BROS. ENGINEERING CO. LEWISTOWN, MONT. P. S.: Tractor farming is a pro nounced success in the hands of good operators. FREE COUR8E Given Our Customers. They Make Good.