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Democratic Candidate - for- -— County Surveyor A resident of Fergus County for Eight Years. Assistant City Engineer two years, Milwaukee Land Company one year, United States Mineral Surveyor for three years. T DR. LEE SAYS SHORT DAY IN CREASES QUANTITY AND IM PROVES OUTPUT. FROM PHYSIOLOGICAL STANDPOINT CINCINNATI, Oel. 25.- "The eco nomic argument that industry can thrive only with a long day ami that any curtailment of it woijjd lie (ter structive, can he met very effectively by the fact that shortening the worth ing period even to eight hours, al most invariably increases the quanti ty and improves tire quality of the output." Thus did Dr. Frederick K. Lee, pro fessor of physiology in Columbia uni versity, New York City .answer the' question: "Is the eight-hour worlting day rational?" before tho America}! Public Healtlr association's annual meeting hero today. Dr. Lee,in dip-' cussing the question, made it plain that he was not in any sense con sidering the political aspects of tho bight-hour problem. "The eiglit-hour problem is primar ily a problem of physiology; if the physiological effects of anv kind of labor are bad, its conditions ought to be changed," Dr. Leo said, "This Is fundamental and should precede any consideration of the economic and social effects of a change of condi We Are Prepared To show you the largest and most complete stock of Stoves, Heaters and Ranges in Fergus County. STANDARD OF THE WORLD IN PRICE AND SERVICEABIL ITY, FUEL ECONOMY AND GREATEST RADIATION OF HEAT THAT IS POSSIBLE We want you to call and let our salesmen show you many advan tages in Round Oak and German Heaters—THEN YOU WILL BE PREPARED. - , Fergus County Hardware Lewistown Hilger Winifred tions. Since 1 lie middle of the nine teenth century the eight-hour day lias been the. goal of labor. It has grad ually been gained and is doubtless destined to become very widespread. The duration of daily labor should be determined first by the physiologi cal effects of tiie work and second arily by its economic and social fea tures. "In fatigue tho physiological powers are weakened and i:i exhaustion this may pass on to increased suscepti bility to disease, neurasthenia, immor ality, intemperance and even crime. Excessive industrial'-work is often re sponsible for these, serious results. "l-abof saving nlurhiner'y has dimin ished the intensity blit increased tlit' rapidity ofTim laborrFs mis, and the general ■temh-HofM-of modern labor Js toward'increasing Ifie quickness amt the constancy with which sense, or gans, bruin,.jnttiMil cord and muscles must, act." —----s -w y — *• O— --r— Perry Swtrnrbv.H motored to town y ■ iii-ntofii rancher. ■ trnlav-. i j i | I | S ! : 'S j , ....• , . ,, ,,... A. Grtbblc ol \\ iu den A- 'iliic went to Great l*tli business O— heyday on law ..... ___ METHODIST BISHOPS. M INNhAPOulS, Det. 25.- Informal discussion of various questions bear ing on the future policy ol the Metho dist Episcopal church, marked l ' ie opening session lien- today of the board of bishops, the administrative body of the denomination. Beginning tomorrow, all deliberations of the board will be secret. Only a few ques tions of importance will conn- up at tlio present meeting, it was said. A reception was held tonight. special session of the Mitml board of county commissioners of Fer gus county, Montana, held after due notice lmd been given as required by law, and called for tile considers l ion of petitions for the reissitance of certain retail liquor licenses, ol road niattqrs and of claims against the county, and to canvas the returns of a special election held in the town of Grass Range on September 16, 1916, also for the transaction of any other business that might properly come before such meeting. Hoard called to order at 10 o'clock a. in., October 2, 1916. Present: Chas. D. Allen, chairman, E. D. Barney, commissioner. B. F. Moulton, commissioner. F. R. Cunningham, clerk. Canvas of Vote of Grass Range In corporation The board proceeded I" canvas the vote cast at the election held in Moose hall 111 the town of Grass Range, said election having been held to deter mine whether or not certain territory should be incorporated as tho town of Grass Range. The result was found to lie as follows: For incorporation 13. Against incorporation 51. Change of Road Approved. The change of the old Castle'Butte road to run as follows: Beginning at the southeast corner of section 34, township 1* north, range 18 east, thence due north two miles, thence due west one-quarter niije, thence due north one-quarter mile thence due west one-half mile, thence duo south three-quarters of a mile, thence due east one-quarter mile, thenre due south one mile, thence due east one-half mile, and thence due south one-half mile to point, of beginning was inspected and approved by Hie board. Board adjourned to 10 o'clock a. in., October 3, 1916. Board met as per adjournment, Oe fober 1916. All members present. Instructions to Clerk and Recorder— Obstructed County Road. The clerk was Instructed to notify the road supervisor of district No. 47 to remove any obstruction on the county road west of Mosby, complaint having been made to tho board that the road lias been fenced by one Tom Johnson. Resignations. Fdwjp Kempf, road supervisor of district No. 30, I'osigued. Resignation accepted. Appointments. Roy L. Kilmer was appointed jus lice of the peace In and for Hilger judicial township, residence Hilger. Instructions to Sheriff. The sheriff was instructed to re move any and all obstructions from tho road running through the south half of sections 1, 2 and 3, township 18 porth, range 15 oast. Board adjourned to 10 o'clock a. m„ Oct. 4, 1916. Board met as ner adjournmtit, Oc tober 4, 1916. All members nrcsent. Instructions to County Auditor. In comnlianco with recommenda tions of the state examiner, the coun tv auditor was instructed to make all disbursements heretofore made for In eidentals by other county officials, Order to Hold Election at Hobson f Cancelled. II nmiqnrlng to the board from cer tain affidavits llled In connection with the matter of the proposed tncorpora ( j on f) f c ert\iu territory os the town erlKlu ter of Hobson, ttiqJ. a certain order made and entered uphn the minutes of said board on tho eighth day of August. rnllinK ^WUon to be held determine whether; or not certain territory should be incorporated as ^y, 0 town of Hobson, was made without jurisdiction, because of the fact that there were les sthan three hundred | inhabitants within the territory pro j posed to be incorporated as the town j D f Hobson, , that order Is hereby can j celled and annulled, and it is hereby j ordered that no pteetlon lie held In 1 connection with the aforesaid matter, I It is further ordered that a copy ] of this order lie published in the Judith Basin Star, a newspaper published in the town of Hobson. Bill* Allowed—General Fund. C. L. Wentworth, slate Talr exhibit, $1672.40. Z. S. Baker, special probation offi cer, $87.5!). Witnesses, Edward Brasscy's court, $38.30. F. Tulloek, mileage, $581.00. F. Tulloek, mileage to Helena. $43. F. Tulloek, board of prisoners, $352.75. F. Tulloek, transportation to Warm Springs. $90.50. F. Tulloek, transportation to Warm Springs, $64. F. Tulloek, postage, $1.00. F. Tulloek, box rent, $1.50, Fergus County Democrat, job work. $1108.90. Fergus County Democrat, supplies. $90.00. Fergus County Democrat, blanks, $116.35, Fergus County Democrat, election supplies. $80.00. Leila M. Baker, expenses, $71.55. George C. Berry, expense, $33.60. L. C. Bolies, helping county sur veyor, $32.20. F n. Cunningham, cash advanced. $18.80. A. W. Deal, cash advanced, $1,56. K. P. Durneiij cash advanced, $3.37, H. B. Gibson, cash advanced. $4.00. .1 FCdward Miller, expense, $3.70. It. G. Poland, stamps, $100.30. ft. 0. Poland, cash advanced for stamps, $100,30. S, L. Harney, expense, $9.85. If. C. Tlzely, expense, $10.40. T. F. Toomey, expense, $23.15. F. A. Wright, cash advanced. Hall & Damico, rent hall, $25,00. L. V. Jackspn.., rent hall. $10.00. Geo. AV. Bauiey, posting notices, $3.00. W. Hanna, posting notices, .$4.50. Otis Lish, posting notices, $1.50. A. I). Teopell, posting notices, $3.00. E. L. Ashley, registering electors, $14.25. A. C. Caldwell, registering electors, $7.25. Geo. G. Gates, registering electors, $5.50, B. F. Gordon, registering electors, $1,50. Walton Hood Grant, registering elec tors, $6.25. Walton Hood Grant, registering elec tors, $5.00. Paul L. Griffith, registering elec tors, $2.25. L. W. Higley, registering electors, $1.25. J. II. Morrow, registering electors, $ 8 . 00 . Leonard C. Young, registering elec tors, $2.00. Leonard C. Yyimig. registering elec tors, $1.00. Otto Anderson, election expense, $8.92. . „ Basin Lumber Co., election expense, $3.70. - • - - Mary E. Bean, election expense, $3.88.....' Jas. L. Bennett, election expense, $3.00. i ■ Chas. A. Burlick, election expense, $4.50. Corcoran's General Merchandise, election expetisSp, $1.50. Frank Onlvir, election expense, $3.00. C. F. d'Autrrmont, election expense, $3.20. W. E. Donaldson, election expense, $6.60. D. A. Fislidr, election expense, $7.00. N. Fnrchner, election expense, $1.50. D. P. Harris, election expense, $10.72. Perry C. Heath, election expense, $9.00. Lepper -Davis Co., election expense, $3.89. A. Rl. Matthews, election expense, $7.50. Montana Lumber Co., election ex pense, .70. F. J. Rau, election expense, $7.92. F Tulloek, servlco on Jos. Mowatt, $ 1 . 20 . F. It. Connolly (company, repairs grading outfit, $125.63. G. \V. Cowan, repairs grading out fit. $4.00. Montana Hardware company, scrap er. $10.00, Stanford Mercantile company, scrap j er. $9.00. AV. O. MeClImans, gasoline, $30. D. M. Anderson, blacksmlthing, $12.50, Baker and sons, blacksmlthing, $ 13.50. Holder and Nohbs, blacksmlthing. $8.25. A. Van Leeuwen, blacksmlthing, A. Vil] li $2.50. I Forbes . Wiseman, blacksmlthing, : $31.70. C. li. r. Cattle company, refund road lax, $2.00. j E. A. Walden, refund road lax $2.00. ! Geo. Honotschlnger, refund road tax, $2.00 Jas. AVilson, refund road lax, $2.00. B. I'. Melchert, road work, $t 98.00. H. J. Littlejohn, grading culvert, $.6.90. Denton Mercantile company, road | tools, $4.20. i Wm. Crawford, refund road tax, $2. Ed. Dougherty, road work, $105.00. Frank Biley, refund road tax-, $2.00. Goodrich-Call Lumber company, lath, 75 cents. F. A. McVay, dragging roads, $15.00. Poor Fund. j Tom Pratt, Sept', allowance, $10. Oliver Jutrus, Sept, allowance, $15. Henry Johnson, Sept, allowance, $10. Harriet Brunner, Sept, allowance, $15.00. Mrs. N. A r an Hyning, Sept, allowance $ 20 . 00 . Laura Moore, Sept, allowance, $20. John Dallas, Sept, allowance. $10. Margaret Laverdue, Sept, allowance, $ 10 . 00 . Mrs. Mary Rickgrds, Sept, allow ance, $17,307'' Mrs. Susfe'l Mowatt, Sept, allow ance, $17.50, Mrs. Mary Spesock, Sept, allowance, * 20 . 00 . Richard Mitchell, Sept, allowance, $ 10 . 00 . Mrs. Pant ~Baugijnt*tL■'SJeptr'atiowi unee, $10 00. Mrs. Dora Simmons, Sept, allowance $ 10 . 00 . Mrs. Margery Phillips, Sept, allow ance, $10.00. Geo. Berry, La Tray's allowance, $17.50. Geo. Berry, Margaret Swan's allow- : anco, $15.00. ! C. B. C. Cattle company, refund poor j tax, $2.00. Geo. Honctsehlager, refund poor tax, $2.00. Jas. Wilson, refund poor tax, $2.0(i. E. A. Walden, refund poor tax, $2.00. E. S. Eckert, board Fern Fowler, $8.75. Richard G. Gust, board Effie Woods, $11.40. House Good Shepherd, care . Wells children, $20.00. Kelly & Hancock, medicine Mrs. Stephenson, $1.25. Heiden Drug Co., supplies, $2.25. AV. O. Downing & Co., rent, Mrs. McDonald, $14.90, Victor Langdoc, rent, Mrs. Hoffman, $5,00. Stone & Ling, rent, Baker family, $ 10 . 00 . F. F. Aftlx, professional services, $50,00. J. L. Jensen, M. D, professional services, $15.00. L. A. McBurney, M. D„ medical ex amination, $3.00. Vincent Caraway, provisions for poor, $55,10. Dunsmoro & Kuzara, merchandise for poor, $20.15. People's Cash Grocery, merchandise' for McDonald, $10.00. Reed Miller Co., merchandise for Baker family, $17.20. Lewistown Dairy Co., milk for Baker family, $3.00. Chas. AV. Brown, burial, Holland, $40.00. Geo. R. Creel, burial MarvCy, $33.00. GOo. R. Creel, burial B. C. Olds, $100.00. Stanford Mercantile Co., burial Davis, $43.00. Montana Lumber' Co., coal for Baker $5.50. Central Transfer Co., hack hire, $2.75. A. It. Middleton, transportation, $48.00. E. P. Durnen, auditor, transportation fund, $115.40. Corner Grocery, merchandise county farm, $114.60. I. F. Tyson, meat county farm, $27.27. I. F. Tyson, meat county farm, $29.14. Fad Shoe & Clothing Co., merchan dise for county farm, $5.45. Brew Coal Co., coal for county farm, $20.75, Montana P&wer Go., current for county farm, $5.60. Goodrich-Call Lumber Co., posts for county farm, $6.15. J. G. Haggerty, blacksmlthing for county farm, $10.00. W. W. Durnen, auto hire, $9.00. Fergus County Hardware Co., mer chandise for county farm, $1.95. Montana Hardware Co., mercliait dise for county farm, $7.20. Power Mercantile Co., supplies for county farm, $12.10. Power Mercantile Co,, merchandise outside poor, $12.30. Family Grocery, merchandise, Ta fola, $15.00. Rogers-Tenipleton Lumber Co., building booths, $2.05. B. H. Foley, justice of the peace fees, $44.00. B. H. Foley, canvassing elections, $20.00. E. C. Sawade, transcripts, $31.80 J. G. Smith, election expense T. $ 1.00 Smith, election expense, election expense, Fred $4.50. A. I). Teepell $1.77. ! Geo. O. Washburn, election expense, $3.12. . i W. E. Williams, election expense, I $4.00. Allen &. Robinson, rent of scales, $15.00. Edw. Brassey, canvassing election, $ 20 . 00 . W. E. Estabrook, professional serv ices, $9.00. A. A. Franzkc, examinations. $50.00. Grass Range Review, publishing proclamation, $10.00. Rufus Hopkins, defending prisoner, $50.00. Grantl Itobipson, postage stamps, $ 20 . 00 . Sanford-Evans Co., lumber stato fair, $1.50. August Frcitag, slaughtered horse, $25.00. AV. O. Downing & Co., premium bond, $10.50. AA'right Land & luv. Co., premium bond, $30,00. E. F. McLean, auto hire, $10.00. Leo Barney, auto hire, $10.00. J. G. Miller, aulo hire, $14.00. E. F. Cartwright, livery liirc, $10.00. J. H. Stephens, livery hire, $30.00. Pat McEnerney, cash advanced, . $15.00. j ! j ' I j ! J. C. Dunn, M. I)., insanity examina : ^ ons - $"-99. (-. C. Wallii), M. I)., insanity cx aminations, $5.00. j J. C. Dunn, insanity examinations, ! $5.00. Mountain States Tel. & Tel. Co., September service, $124.52. Western Union Tel. Co., September ! service, $22.76. Central Transfer Co., drayage, $3.25. | J. B. AA r ashburn, drayage, $7.00. j Judith Auto Repair Co., repairs of j county car, $116.15. P. L. Hegland, gasoline, $4.05. Lindsey Auto Co., gasoline and re- | pairs, $-114.10. j Mulroney Bros., gas and oil, $4.80. Roy Mercantile Co., gas and oil, $3.15. Wilson's. grill, board prisoners, $3.4». W. L. Himes, board prisoners, $4.30. Kane Go,, plumbing jail, $1.25. Chas. Lehman & Co., merchandise for jail, *91.40. City of Lewistown, water, court house, $36.50. Judith Steam Laundry, laundry, court house, $2.05. Montana Power Co., current, court house, $62.40. Allen Electric Co., lamps, court house, $28.80. Brew Coal Co., coal, court house, $36.48. Goodridge-Call Lumber Co., coal, $2.05. G. W. Anderson, repairs, court • house-, • $141.70. - H. -<3v Brown, supplies, $2.96. Bowman & Sigvardt, hauling gar Rock Island Heider Tractor Burns Kerosene or Gasoline Why Does a Wagon?, have four wheels—We leave that to you to answer and we Push Our Pencil to tell you that the Heider Tractor has 4 Wheels, 4 Cylinders, Waueesha Motor, 7 Speeds Forward and 7 Speeds in Reverse. It is the Original so called Small Tractor. It does the work of Eight or Ten Horses in the field and Never Gets 7 ire cl. It has Auto mobile Steering Gear. There arc no complicated parts to a Heider. Wc have a sample machine at 4th Ave. North and Erie St. Come and sec this Best of all Tiaclors. Basin Lumber Company huge, $20.00. N. J. Littlejohn, cash advanced, $ 211 . 88 . Allen Electric Co., repairs, $2.30. Seiden Drug Co., supplies, $9.15. Montana Hardware Co., supplies, $1.95. J. B. Barnes, justice fees, $40.40. Edw. Brassey, justice fees, $22.00. John Ferns, justice fees, $7.00. O. C. Zimmerman, justice fees, $5.00. J. B. Seth, justice fees, $6.50. J. B. Seth, justice fees, $5.00. Chas. Bengerman, constable fees, ! $3.40. H. A. Stewart, constable fees, $34.60. I Edw. Brassey, coroner's tees, $7.85. Geo. R. Creel, coroner's fees, $35.00. ■T. B. Seth, coroner's fees, $7.00. M. M. Holzman, stenographer serv- ' ice, $4.65. E. J. Ba lifer, attorney's fees, $50.00. j G. F. Knouse, witness fees, $1.70. John Myers, witness fees, $1.70. 1 Dr. J. L. Sears, witness fees, $1.70. AA'in. Abel, Sr., witness fees, $4.50. Witnesses and jurors, J. B. Seth's court, $23.60. Jurors and witnesses, Edw. Bras sey's coroner's court. $13.50. AA'itnessos, John Feens' court, $21.50. AVitnesses, O. C. Zimmerman's court, $23.50. S. K. Mvrdal, election expense, $5.00. Road Fund. A. A. Anderson, road work, $51.25. W. II. Cullington, road work, $882.50. Ed Dougherty; road work, $102.80, A\ r . H. Flannigau, read work, $49.00. M. A. Johnson, road work, $77.75. Geo. D. Kidder, road work, $1,061.40. ; Robt. Lucas, Jr., road work, $65.00. j Raphael Marcotte, road work, 1 $328.00. Jim McDonnell, road work, $47.50. i W. B. McFerrin, road work, $27.50, j j A. N. Nebol, road work, $72.00. ! A. D. Peters, road work, $30.00. j j A. D. Peters, road work. $48.50, ' Fred T. Smith, road work, $40.00. I C. A. Anstett, road work, $5.00. j A\ r . C. Barney, road work, $173.73. ! J. \V. Beck, road work. $8.00. A. N. Dawson, road work, $114.50. ' Thos. C. Greer, road work, $11.00 j-;' Lee Hilliard, contract work, $1,851,28. ! Lee Hilliard, road work, $75.00. FOR SALE ^— Pure Bred == f Aberdeen Augus Battle Farmers' Barn, Big Sandy, Mont. Wednesday, Nov. 1st I will sell at public sale 46 head of Pure Bred and Recorded Aberdeen Augus Cattle, rain or shine. Anyone wishing catalog with informa tion regarding these cattle can secure same by addressing owner. AL BOa t D, Owner Hopp, Mont. Frank Lamb, road work, $15.00. Simon Madison, road work, $39.50 B. P. Melchert, road work, $5,892.00. H. D. Rogers, road work, $172.50. AV. E. Coiner, road work, $264.47. H. D. Rogers, contract work, $264.40. H. G. Dwyer, dragging roads, $30.00. Alex Fall, dragging roads, $6.50. J. L. Gilmore, dragging roads, $31.25. H. H. H,aight, dragging roads, $13.00. Fred AV. McKay, dragging roads, $26.00. E. F. McLean, dragging roads, $42.00. J. A r . Puckett, dragging roads, $16.80. Thos. Ryan, dragging roads, $39.00. AV. H. Steele, dragging roads, $25.00. AVillis A. Trunk, dragging roads, $6.82. F. L. Rhoades, Supplies, $7.75. Goodrich-Call Lumber Co., lath, (Continued on Page Three.) GEO R. CREEL UNDERTAKER LICENSED EM BALM ER Calls answered promptly day night. 'Phone No. 2 Corner Sixth and Main Lewistown, Mout.