OCR Interpretation

Fergus County Democrat. (Lewistown, Mont.) 1904-1919, December 28, 1916, Image 8

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036220/1916-12-28/ed-1/seq-8/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 8

Descendant of Edmund Burke Talking to
the French Commander Within Verdun
iT KATHl££W ftUftKfc
Miss Kathleen Burke, direct de
scendant of Edmund Burke, is now
in the United States to raise funds
for the Scotch hospital service. This
photograph of her was taken when
she was permitted to enter the be
WASHINGTON, Dec. 26.—Revised
figures on returns of the last election
show definitely that neither democrats
nor republicans will have a majority
of tlie house necessary to elect a
speaker, and that a handful of inde
pendents will determine which side
will control the organization.
Conceding seats to candidates in
possession of cerlificates of election,
bcause they are certain to participate
in the organization of the house, the
personnel now stands: Republicans,
214; democrats, 213; independents, 2;
progressives, 2; prohibitionists, I; so
cialist, 1; contested, 2.
A majority is 218, hence should eith
er democrats or republicans win both
of the contests, they still will be short
of a majority.
All of the independents are main
taining strict silence regarding their
attitude on the speakership, but the
democratic and republican leaders
agreed on how most of them will vote,
provided caucuses are held and sol
idarity maintained by the two old
Kelly of Pennsylvania, a progres
sive, who formerly was a democratic
member of the house, is listed as a
democratic possibility.
So are Randall, prohibitionist, of
California, and London of New York,
Schall of Minnesota, progressive,
the leaders agreed, probably would
lean toward a republican candidate if
convinced of his progressivism. He
campaigned for the national republi
can ticket during the last campaign,
although opposed bv the regular or
ganization in his state. Fuller, Inde
pendent, of Massachusetts, also is
classed as a republican hope.
Martin of Louisiana, progressive,
comes from a large sugar district in
Louisiana and has indicated that as
surance of protection of the sugar in
terests will be his first concern in vot
ing on the organization. He formerly
was a democrat.
. Contests in which certificates have
not been issued are on in the Thirty
NEW YORK, Dec. 27.—Lieut. Con
ner Guthrie, representing the British
admiralty here, summoned freight
managers of the British steamship
companies to a conference today and
told them that beginning Jan. 1 the
British government would require 85
per cent, of the cargo space on their
ships. Forty-seven and nine-tenths
per cent, is to be reserved for war
munitions and the remaining 37.1 per
cent, for wheat.
During the greater part of this year
the British government has reserved
00 per cent, of the space on the ves
sels flying its flags. December 15
Lieutenant Guthrie called a meeting
01 the freight managers and informed
them that the government would re
quire 70 per cent, of the space.
All cold records for this winter
were broken early yesterday morning
when the mercury took a drop to 32
below zero, as recorded by the gov
ernment thermometer. It remained
extremely cold at 7 o'clock, being the**
.8 below zero, but a little later the
temperature began to rise and at noon
was bright, warm and comparatively
comfortable, with the thermometer
showing 12 above zero. Along toward
evening the mercury began to fall
at 9 o'clock last night reg
istered 17 below zero. There was no
wind and the weather did not seem to
cause much discomfort.
leagured city of Verdun and met Gen
eral Nivelie, now the French com
mander of the north. She also saw
General Petain there. During one week
last July she interviewed both Gen
erals Joffre and Casteinau.
second district, where Representative
Uarchfleld, republican, is contesting
the election of Guy E. Campbell, dem
ocrat, and the Third New Jersey dis
trict, where Representative Scully,
democrat, is opposing the election of
Robert Carson, republican. At least
20 seats, it is said, will be contested
in the house after it is organized.
There is no question about the dem
ocrats voting solidly for Speaker
i Clark, but there are some signs of
strife among the republicans. Repre
sentative Gardner already has an
nounced his opposition to Representa
tive Mann.
Representative Gardner, who an
nounced yesterday that he would seek
to obtain a republican conference to
"formulate policies" for the future ac
tivity of the party in the house, did
not visit the capitol today. Mr. Mann
was there, however, and tonight he ex
pressed the view that the republicans
would stand united at least in the or
ganization of the house.
"1 have nothing to say about the
I speakership matter, or the Gardner epi
sode," he said, "except that I still hope
that the president through some way
in God's providence may aid in bring
ing about peace which shall be lasting
and permanent and provide for dis
armament and the removal of the
I heavy burdens of military and naval
preparedness and if I can in the slight
est degree assist to bring about such
a result I would rather do that than to
be speaker.
; "The charge of Mr. Gardner that I
am for Prussia and Prussianism is of
course utterly untrue. I am for Amer
ica first, last and all the time and do
not take sides in the European war.
In Mr. Gardner's opinion that is my
"In the end I think the republicans
will have the good sense to all get
together and act as a united party at
least in the organization of the house."
j Representative Lenroot of Wiscon
; sin, whom Gardner will support for
speaker, had no comment to make on
l the situation.
tonight that a special messenger bear
ing a communication from the Mexi
can commissioners, presumably Gen
eral Carranza's reply to the American
demand that he approve or reject the
protocol, had left New York for
\\ ashington. When the secretary re
tired for the night, however, the mes
senger had not arrived and word had
come meantime that Mr. Cabrera him
self would reach the capital tomor
row morning to explain personally
General Carranza's position.
Although the United States had set
last midnight the time before which
a reply from General Carranza would
; ,Je expect* d, it was indicated tomght
that if the protocol is approved the
delay will be overlooked, since the
chief purpose has been to secure a
satisfactory settlement. If the pro
tocol is rejected, Secretary Lane will
proceed with plans already under way
to wind up the commission's affairs
and adjourn sine die.
JUAREZ, M ex., Dec. 27.—Mayor
Melchor Herrera received a message
today from Mexico City telling him
that his brother. General Luis Her
ren. was killed in action at the battle
of Torreon. ^
Mayor Herrera transmitted the
news to his father, Jose de la Luz
Herrera, who is making his home here.
! EL PASO, Tex., Dec. 27.—Three ex
plosions that sounded like cannon
shots and seemed to come from the
Mexican side, filled El Paso tonight
j with rumors of a Villa attack on
; Juarez, until it was learned that they
. were caused by molten slag escaping
and flowing over wet ground at the
smelter near here.
A local Mexican paper added to the
! excitement by issuing an extra at the
same hour, proclaiming that a rebel
army of 2,000 men was marching on
Juarez. These men, commanded by
Mariano Tamez, were about 15 miles
trom Juarez early this afternoon, It
Miss Gladys Woods spent Christmas
with her parents at Becket, Mont.
National Banks in U. S.
Show Marvelous Addi
tions to Resources.
Resources of National Banks Have In
creased More Than Four Billion
Dollars During the Past Two Years
and Now Exceed by About a Billion
the Total Resources of the Bank of
England, the Bank of France, the
Bank of Russia, the German Reichs
bank, the Banks of Italy, Spain, Hol
land Denmark, Switzerland, Japan.
W ASHINGTON, Dec. 27.- Resources
of national banks of the United States,
| Comptroller Williams announced to
night, have increased more than $4,
i 000,000,000 during the past two years
and now aggregate $15,520,000,000, ex
Iceeding by about $1,000,000,000 the to
tal resources of the Bank of England,
j the Bank of France, the Bank of Rus
sia, the German Reiehsbank, the Bank
!of Italy, the Bank of Spain, the Bank
j of The Netherlands, the Bank of Den
! mark, the Swiss National bank and
I the Imperial bank of Japan combined.
1 In a statement based on returns
I from the last bank call, Nov. 17, the
j comptroller calls attention to the fact
| that the increase has been at the rate
; of approximately 18 per cent, a year
j during the past two years, as com
pared with 6 per cent, a year for the
10-year period from 1904 to 1914, and
that the total resources are at present
more than double what they were 10
years ago.
"The compilation just completed, of
returns for the last bank call," the
comptroller's statement reads, dis
closes a condition of strength, progress
and growth beyond all precedent. The
resources of national banks on the date
of the last call are greater than the
total resources of all reporting state
banks, savings banks, private banks
and loan and trust companies through
out the United States at the time of
the inauguration of the federal reserve
system, about two years ago.
"It is also noteworthy that the re
sources of our national banks at this
time exceded by $231,000,000 the total
resources of all the reporting banking
institutions in the United States, in
cluding the state banks, savings banks
and loan and trust companies and na
tional banks as well as late as the
The greatest percentage of increase,
the comptroller states, during the two
year period in which the federal re
serve system has been in operation,
was in the western states. Geograph
ically the increase was as follows:
New England, 22 per cent.; eastern
states, 39 per cent.; southern states,
32 per cent.; middle western states,
31 per cent.; western states, 50 per
cent.; Pacific states, 33 per cent.
"In this period." the statement says,
"the New England and eastern states
increased a total of $2,005,000,000,
while the south and west, including the
far west, increased &tf,022,000,000.
"Between Sept. 12 and Nov. 7 (last
two bank call dates), resources of the
national banks of New England and
eastern states increased $444,000,000.
The increase in resources for the west
and south for the same period was
$664,000,000. The average increase
over the whole country was 7.69 per
Mrs. Belle Harmon returned to the
citv from Seattle Saturday night and
will spend the holidays here, return
ing to Seattle in a short time to re
sume her studies at the Seattle Bible
training school. Mrs. Harmon has
succeeded in completing one year's
work in the few months she has been
at the school and hopes to complete
her course next May, when she- will
take up her church work here agaiii.
Miss Vivian Cook returned yester
day from Brooks, where she visited
for several days.
Need 3,000,000 Trained
Soldiers, He Says
Major General Scott, chief of staff
of the United States army, told the
senate military committee the United
States should have 1,500,000 men
ready to take the field in case of at -1
tack, and that within 90 days. 1,500,000 1
more would be needed. In view of ■
this lesson of the great war, he fa- j
vored universal military training. j
Wants Loan Bank For the
Two Dakotas andMontana
ST. PAUL, Minn., Dec. 27.—
A Washington special to the
Dispatch today says: Represent
ative Helgeson of North Dakota,
in whose district is located Far
go, St. Paul's closest competitor
for the farm loan bank, ex
pressed dissatisfaction over the
boundary lines of the district of
which St. Paul is to be the cen
ter. "In my judgment the two
Dakotas and Montana should
have been located in one dis
trict/' said Mr. Helgeson. "They
are (n the spring wheat section
and their interests are in many
ways identical. While I presume
it is too late to influence the
board, nevertheless I intend to
take it up with the board and
see if a change cannot be made
in the boundary lines."
SPOKANE, Dec. 27.—By agreement
of the company and its creditors, the
Northern Idaho & Montana Power
company, a $5,000,000 corporation op
erating public utilities in 35 towns
and cities in Montana, Idaho, Wash
ington and Oregon, was placed in the
hands of a receiver late today by
United States District Judge Frank
If. Rudkin. Elmer Dover of Tacoma
was appointed receiver and B. H.
Grosseup of Tacoma, counsel for the
The application for appointment of
the receiver was made before Judge
Rudkin here by Matthew A. Morrison
of Chicago, who alleged that the com
pany owed him $30,000 on a note and
had outstanding mortgage bonds of
$4,715,500 to pay the interest on which
it has had to borrow money. In addi
tion, it is alleged, other creditors hold
notes totalling $182,000. The trus
tees under the mortgage bond and the
Oregon Power company, which leases
the Oregon plants from the parent
company, also were made defendants
to the suit.
In answering the complaint, the
Northern Idaho & Montana Power
company joined in the petition for the
appointment of a receiver.
The recover'd bond was fixed at
$50,000, which Mr. Dover filed imme
The principal towns served by the
company, which owns and operates
gas, electric light, water and tele
phone plants, are: Kalispell and White
Fish, Mont., Newport, Wash., Sand
Point. Idgho, Albany, Eugene, Corval
lis and Marshfield, Ore.
Mr. Dover said tonight the com
pany needed from $500,000 to $800,
000 to make improvements and exten
tions and that although the company
never had defaulted in interest pay
ments, it had been compelled to bor
row money to meet such payments
and was unable to raise funds for bet
terments. The receivership, he said,
was friendly and a reorganization plan
would be worked out.
(Continued from Page One.)
nations now at war such an avowal of
ttieir respective views as to the terms
upon which the war might be con
cluded," has been fully met by Ger
many in seeking an immediate con
ference with her enemies.
The German policy upon which the
reply to President Wilson's communi
cation is based, was outlined as fol
Germany feels that the conference
suggested by it first should be com
posed of delegates from the belligerent
countries whose duty it would be to
settle territorial terms. Once these
terms are agreed upon, representatives
of the neutrals should be called in to
participate on the questions of guar
antees for the future, in which neu
trals are as vitally concerned as the
belligerents. The guarantees, in the
German view, necessarily will have to
deal with the freedom of the seas, lim
ited disarmament, formation of a world
league of nations to enforce peace and
the establishment of an international
court of arbitration.
Germany is said to consider that
neutral nations can have no Interest
of their own in terms such as those
relating to territory.
While there were no official advices
upon the subject the view still persist
ed in German quarters tonight that the
note of the central powers might be
followed by some highly confidential
oral or written communication to
President Wilson, in which at least
broad tentative terms might be stated.
In this connection officials noted with
interest Berlin press dispatches say
ing that Ambassador Gerard, who, as
a result of his recent visit to the
United States, is thoroughly familiar
witli the views of President Wilson,
had taken lunch with Alfred Zimmer
mann. the German foreign minister,
and probably discussed the peace sit
uation with him.
LONDON, Dec. 28.—(2:03 a. m.)—
A Reuter dispatch from Vienna by
way of Amsterdam quotes some of the
Austrian papers regarding the peace
proposals. Commenting on Austria's
reply to President Wilson, the Frem
denblatt says: "The central powers
contemplate the possibility of the con
tinuance of the war with full confi
dence, but feel they owe a duty to
their people to do everything com
patible with their justified interests
and terminate the bloodshed, if at all
.v, .SON 60 TODAY.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 27— President
Wilson will be 60 years old tomorrow.
He intends to work as usual.
Czar Explains Why Ger
many Issued Proposals
at This Time.
Russian Emperor, in an Order of the
Day to Russian Army, Says Ger
many Feels That Her Complete De
feat Is Near, and Adds That Time
for Peace Has Not Yet Arrived—On
War Front, the Net of Teutonic Al
lies Apparently Is Fast Closing in
Upon Rumania's Oil and Grain Cen
ter on the Danube.
PETROGRAD, Dec. 27.—(Via Lon
don. 10:25 p. m.)—In the course of an
order issued to all the units of the
Russian army, dated Dec. 25, the em
peror, in a brief review showing how
the inequalities In the technical re
sources for warfare as between the
allies and central powers are being
gradually removed, with the result
that the enemy strength is apparently
waning, while that of Russia and her
allies is constantly growing, says:
"Germany is feeling that her com
plete defeat is near, and near also is
the hour of retribution for all her
wrong doings and violations of the
moral law. As in the time of her
strength she declared war. so now
feeling her weakness she suddenly of
fers to enter upon peace negotiations,
desiring such negotiations before her
military talent is exhausted.
"At the same time she Is creating
a false impression about the strength
of her army by utilizing her temporary
success over the Rumanians, who lack
experience in the conduct of modern
Arguing that the allies are entitled
to choose a favorable hour for peace
negotiations, just as Germany chose
a favorable hour for declaration of
war. the order says:
"This time has not yet arrived. The
enemy has not been driven out of the
provinces he has occupied. Russia's
attainment of the tasks created by the
war regarding Constantinople and the
Dardanelles as well as the creation of
a free Poland from all three of her
now incomplete tribal districts, has
not yet been guaranteed. To conclude
peace at this moment would mean fail
ure to utilize the fruits of the untold
trials of the heroic Russian troops and
fleet. These trials and the still more
sacred memory of those noble sons
of Russia who have fallen on the bat
tlefield do not permit of thought of
peace until final victory over their
"Who dares to think that he who
brought about war shall have power
to conclude war at any time he likes?"
In conclusion the emperor, express
ing confidence that no Russian soldier
would desire peace until the enemy
had been expelled from Russian soil
and had given guarantees to prevent
a possible repetition of a treacherous
attack, says:
"Let us be firm in the certainty of
our victory and the All-Highest will
bless our standards and will cover
them afresh with glory and give us
peace worthy of your heroic deeds,
my glorious troops—a peace for which
future generations will bless your
memory, which will be sacred to
The net of the Teutonic allies ap
parently is fast closing in upon Braila,
Rumania's oil and grain center on the
Danube. Having taken Filipechti, 30
miles to the southwest. Field Marshal
von Mackensen's troops have now cap
tured the railroad town of Rimnik
Sarat, relatively the same distance to
the east, while the guns of the Dob
rudja arm - , are still hammering, and
with son ■ success, the Russo-Runian
ians at the bridgehead of Matchin, on
tlie east bank of the Danube near
Prior to the fall of Rimnik-Sarat the
Teutonic allies defeated the Russians
on a front of ten and half miles south
west of the town, while the Teutonic
Danube army captured several forti
fied villages, according to the Berlin
war office. Petrograd admits that the
Russians and Rumanians have been
forced to fall back north of Megura,
but say elsewhere the invaders were
defeated with heavy casualties.
Since December 22, says Berlin,
more than 8,900 prisoners and 27 ma
chine guns have been captured ii. Ru
Artillery duels, sapping operations
and attacks by small patrol parties
featured Wednesday's fighting on the
front in France.
There have been sporadic battles at
several points along the line in Rus
sia and Galicia from Y'olhynia to the
Carpathians, but no important results
have been attained by either side.
The usual bombardment Is in prog
ress In the Austro-Italian theater. In
Macedonia comparative quiet pre
The demobilization of the Greek
army In accordance with Greece's
promises to the entente allies is being
carried out, according to Information
received at the British foreign office.
The Russian emperor, in an order
of the day to the Russian army deal
ing with Germany's proffer of peace,
asserts that the proffer was made be
cause Germany feels that her com
plete defeat is near. The emperor
added that the time for peace had not
yet arrived and that he was confident
no Russian soldier would desire peace
until the invader had been driven from
Russian soil and had given guarantees
to prevent a possible repetition of a
treacherous attack.
} Fat Ones atthe ^tockyarps
When the grand champion steer,
California Favorite, sold for $1.75 a
pound as he stood in the ring, it
meant a new record for the "cost of
high living," nearly seven dollars a
pound for the best cuts of this
Christmas baby beef. Many cities
bid. but Detroit will eat the beef.
Never before did a beef steer
bring such a price, $1.50 a pound be
ing the nearest approach to it. Boy
victors of Iowa's Baby beef contests
stood open-eyed while the bidding,
started at 5 cents a pound, jumped
up and up. The sale was made for
the University of California by Clay,
Robinson & Company in just nine
minutes. Chicago packers bid high,
Coroner G. R. Creel Tuesday even
ing completed a careful investigation
into the circumstances surrounding the
death of a stranger, George Morton
Moore, whose body was found Sunday
in a room he had rented in a local
rooming house, and the fact that it
was a case of suicide was so clearly
established that an inquest is not con
sidered necessary. The decedent was
about 25 years of age and was from
Augusta. Ili., where his mother, Mrs.
P. R. Steadman, resides. He left a
note for her and among his effects
was found a kodak photo of a young
woman. On the hack of this he had
written: "This is the girl I wanted."
An empty bottle that had contained
strychnine was also found. The moth
er in Illinois was notified by telegraph
and replied that she had no funds to
expend for a funeral. The burial took
place yesterday at the expense of the
Notice was received here Tuesday
of tlie death at Grass Range of a man
named Schwartz of pneumonia. The
man was operated on last week for a
badly ulcerated throat and this gave
rise to the report that it was a case
of diphtheria, but according to ad
vices received Tuesday, it was not
that dreaded disease.
The snow in the Grass Range coun
try is even deeper than in the Lewis
town section, according to Judge Ed
ward Brassey, who has just returned
to Lewistown after being snowbound
in that thriving little town, where he
went to eat his Christmas turkey. A
special was sent out by the Milwau
kee to bring in the Lewistown people,
who were there, for Christmas day,
as the regular train was detained up
Roy way. The judge says that tlie
traclt to Grass Range was open in
good shape, but that the cuts were
filled with snow that had been shoved
off the tracks, so that with more
drifting and snowfall, the situation
might be serious, for the railroad
The shortage of coal is quite seri
ous in Grass Range, but the abund
ance of wood nearby would tide the
people over a continued cold spell.
The judge reports good business at
Grass Range, with the town showing
every indication of being a very lively
place. Many visitors were there dur
ing the holidays on business, and the
farming country nearby is thickly set
tled with a good class of people.
The University of Pennsylvania will
line up against the University of Ore
gon on the Pasadena, Cal:, gridiron on
New Year's day, and the fur should
fly. Oregon has one of the best teams
in the west this season, and Penn did
well In the east. Coach Bennion of
Bozeman will be an aide on the coach
ing staff at the big game, with the
Penn transport. Keep ati eye on the
web footers.
Mrs. J. E. Lane and daughters,
Edith and Newell, and Mrs. Caroline
Baugher leave today for California.
Mr. Lane will accompany the party
as far as Butte. From there he will
go to Helena.
but Mose Greenwald for a Detroit
house added his defiant nickle after
nickle by a nod until, "$1.75 a pound,
sold," shouted the auctioneer. Wires
went to the automobile city to pre
pare to parade the grand champion
bought at a price of $1,960. For
Christmas rib roasts that is a fabu
lous figure.
Not a kernel of corn had been fed
to this California champion—no
other grain than barley. In breeding
it was a Hereford sire by a Short
horn dam, stall fed by an Aberdonian
herdsman, Alex McDonald. "The
best calf ever shown on the conti
nent," was the claim by the head of
he victorious college after paying
tribute to McDonald.
Over one thousand children and
| many adults surrounded the commun
i ity Christmas tree Saturday evening
and sang glad anthems and partook of
| the general spirit of the occasion, de
spite* the fact that the mercury reg
, istered ten below zero. The exercises
i started promptly at 7:30 and were over
at 8, thus proving short and snappy
as had been announced. It was snappy
in more than one sense, for there
were no summer zephers in evidence.
However, the cold was braved, and
i the temperature did not seem to cool
j the ardor or enthusiasm of those in
evidence. Altogether the affair proved
to be the most successful of the kind
ever held here.
Youngsters Made Happy.
The little ones were highly pleased.
They were made happy. Therefore
Lewistown's municipal Christmas tree
for 1916 was all that could he asked
I At the opening of the exercises, in
charge of Miss Edith Foley, instruc
tor of music in the city schools, who
was in charge of tlie children and
the musical numbers rendered, several
hundred of the pupils from the fourth
and eighth grades marched down
. Fifth avenue and turned on Main
street, taking places alongside the
■ tree. Captain Guest ably assisted
I Miss Foley, accompanying with the
| ornet.
Something for All.
After the singing proclaimed the
| gladsome tidings ushering in the
j Christmas observance in Lewistown,
] Tom Moore, driving a span of four
I horses hitched to a hay rack, which
• carried Santa Claus and members of
I the committee, sent more thrills of
joy through the young people, by
driving up to the tree and stopping,
to permit Santa to distribute the
good filings for the little tots.
Twelve hundred packages of candy
and nuts, as well as that number of
apples were given to the children.
There was a lively, but orderly and
well behaved scramble to get the good
things, and not a youngster was over
The Workers.
Miss Edith Foley gave personal at
tention to her part of the work last
night. Rev. H. P. Crego was chair
man of the committee recently ap
pointed by the Chamber of Commerce
for this purpose. The other members
of tlie committee were: A. A. Franzke,
Dan Bean. Father van den Broeck,
( . Ij. Cavell, Mr. Petty, A. Rosenberg
and E. K. Matson. The Palmer &
Allen Electric company gave their
services in decorating the tree. The
very excellent Santa Claus proved to
be none other than A. B. Lehman.
Could Not Get Tree.
The committee regretted its inabil
ity to get a larger tree. The one -se
lected was ruined in the effort to
load, as the needles and even many
of the tender twigs and branches were
iroken off in handling the tree, so
that it could not be used. This was
due to the cold. After the first mis
hap to the selected tree the commit
tee was unable to get anyone to get
another. The Presbyterian church
kindly donated its tree to the commit
tee, and this was the tree used.
Thanks to Citizens.
The committee appreciates the gen
erous assistance given in support of
the municipal tree, and wishes to
thank ail cordially. The merchants
and many others responded freely to
the "good fellowship" appeal
--- O -—
A marriage license has been issued
to George M. Green of Jordan, Mont.,
and Myrtle L. Harrison of Evergreen,
N. C.

xml | txt