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ODR YEARS OF 10 CHANGES WHOLE
CHARACTER OF FRANCE AS A NATION --- Has New Ideals Undreamed of in 1914—Future of the Country Turned From Agriculture to Industrialism—While Distant Future Is Bright, Problems to Be Solved Are Mighty. ! By LLOYD ALLEN. Western Newspaper Union Staff Cor * respondent. Copyright, 1015), by Wostorn Newspnpor T'nion.) l'aris.—Four years of war absolute* y changed the character*»»!'. France as I nation, changed her economic situa ion, altered her outlook on the world *"d turned the whole future of the ■ountry toward industrialism rather lain agriculture. L'lic France of today has new ideals hat were undreamed of in 15)14. Only nu 1 big characteristic of the pre-war lays remains, and that is the upaltcr tlile and deep-rooted fear of Germany, j fear bred by generations of worry liât startl'd long before INTO and that, nas imprinted itself on French ehar teter as a mark that will endure for iecades to come. Dread of the German will not pre rent die French Aom embarking on i national career of prosperity and •'ill not prevent France from trailing iviilt Germany—they must trade with Iteir old enemy, it is a vital neces sity; it cannot lie arranged otherwise 'or die simple reason that Germany still holds iter supremacy as the big teal producing nation of Europe. While France lias some coal she must dill depend on Germany for some liing like 23.000,00!) tons a year even »tier tlio supposedly rich coal fields !>f Alsace-Lorraine go to France, as iiey undoubtedly will in the peace n ary. It's going to lie a rallier strange situation between the Frcnch-oinl Ger nans. France will lack coal aiyl die Hermans will lack iron. France will sell iron to the Germans •nd get coal in return. Immediate Problems Mighty. While the somewhat distant future s very bright for France the itutuc hate problems she must solve are nighty. She has the beginning of her new industrial system in die form of i series of factories that made mu nitions during the war. Her former industries are smashed. \t die first German invasion France ost SO per cent of her woolen indus Ty, 00 per cent of her sugar mills, fottr ifths of her coal production, four iflhs of her iron and steel output and :nur-fifths of her coke. The Germans druck France right through the heart nf her inilir trial region. Today this section is .or the most part a waste. With the beginning of the peace con ference France was out of essential raw i internals. She was in a situa tion altogether different from England mil America. She had no chance of darting out to build up foreign trade and for that reason was anxious to lave the allies maintain their blockade against the neutrals and die central powers as long as possible. America mil England on the other hand knew that the peace of the world must de pend ns much on the resumption of tonnai trade as upon any strictly po litical action. Germany Needs Raw Materials. Unless raw materials are pushed in o Germany the German factories can not run find Germany cannot pay the indemnity the peace conference will alace on her shoulders. Unless the factories of Germany are permitted to operate the Germe civilians will not Have work and if a large problem of tnemployment develops, the revolu tionary elements—that is the very rad eal revolutionists—will overthrow whatever government the Germans uiw have set up and the German sig nature on the peace treaty will be null and void. Out of these conditions the French government's policies were naturally vamped along entirely different lines from the American and British pol Vies. It was impossible for France 0 plan for-the future as America and England would. As a consequence liiere was a great divergence of ideas luring the early days of the peace •(inference that was more or less inis nulerstood by Americans in France and caused an undue amount of erit .cisni to be launched against French methods and French statesmen. The French for instance passed a governmental resolution about the middle of January that practically «lopped the importation of American, English, and other foreign manufac tured articles Into the country, this at « time when the average Americnn was thinking and talking of the closer trade relations that would spring up iietween France and America as a re sult of the two nations having fought side by side In the war. American Firm Hit. One of the first American firms hit 5y the resolution was the manufactur er of a well-known automobile. This firm had several thousand cars In France ordered for war purposes by 1 he French government. It was im possible to sell the cars to civilians, since such a move would be the cause of French money leaving the country. If money left the country the French financial situation suffered according to the amount spent abroad. The rate t»f exchange was already against the French. It was thought desirable to ! keep the exchange rai(> from mount ing higher against France. More tluotnation of exchange was not tlie primary reason for burring • > 11 L the American automobiles. As it happened, a well-known French concern operated by Andie j Citroen, whose name is as well known | in France'as the name of the leading ; manufacturer of cheap automobiles is , known in America, had turned his fac . tory over to munition production dur ] ing tin* war, While the peace con ference was starting. Fitrocn was j converting his works into a filant for j | a nnsidered to lie legitimate manufacturing a small and fairly cheap ear which would take its place as the cheapest ear in France as soon as production could he gotten under way. In tin 1 meantime Citroen was pro tected. The lot of American cars was not to he thrown on to a market that the French ly Citroen'! Close to Industrial Paralysis. Americans in Paris did not appreci ate tlie French situation as revealed in eolil ligures of the statisticians, namely, that France was on tlie very verge of absolute industrial paralysis — that (lie country, with only one or two false moves, might easily go into that vicious circle of industrial mis fortune that had nlready hit Austria where the whole economic fabric had degenerated to a point that brought rank ruin to the greater portion of the population. While France was enacting laws that prohibited the Importation of Ameri can manufactured articles and thereby hoped to protect her own disrupted factories while they got back from a war basis to a pea.ee footing Amer ica. as she had every right to do, shut, out one of tlie principal commodities the French have to sell abroad: wines, brandies and liquors. Our national prohibition amendment cut off at one stroke one of the lending products tlie French had Imped to sell in tlie United States. There was of course no spirit of retaliation on the part of America in tiiis—it was simply the working out of a strictly national prob lem American officials here in Paris who were watching the strained relations iietween the Americans and certain cliques of the French used to point out that America must make due al lowances for tlie critical problems of reconstruction days in France and re member t luit any unjust commercial discrimination ordered fiy the French government would right itself quickly enough because of the inequalities such rulings made in France it self. In oilier words, it was regarded as only a matter of time before pressure brought to hear by the French busi ness houses who were tmfavoiably af fected by the embargo against Ameri can factory stuff would cause the gov ernment to let down the liars in many instances and permit the flow of trade to resume. I French Industries Ruined. To illustrate; The country around Lille in the north of France was a great spinning center before Ute war. It was also Ute center of some of the worst fighting. And the spinning mills were destroyed by shell tire and by willful robbery by tlie Germans. Of fite 070.0(H) bobbins spinning linen thread before tin* war 2H0,000 were destroyed and 30.000 stolen. In Ute wool spinning business in this section 1.000.000 bobbins out of 2.0(H), 000 were destroyed nr stolen, according to the French minister .of reconstruction. Something like five hundred cotton bobbins were put out of business. To complete the job of paralyzing tlie YANK HELPING RUSSIAN Dressed in his special nretie uni foim, the above soldier of the Uitfted States is giving a few coins to the poor unfortunate woman on Rte steps of the church at Archangel, Russia. I GERMAN OFFICER SELLS $ $ RED PARK OF AIRPLANES & $ — >*< London.— Lieutenant Porten, ,♦« former ollicer in the German aviation service, lias been tried **« [♦J by court-martial, according to ►*< Berlin advices, on a charge of A having sold an entire park of ►*< airplanes at Vilnn to the bolslie X viki for 2,000,000 marks. The •J 1 airplanes were valued at 10,000,- £ ►J« O(H) marly». Porten fled to Koe- X [♦J nigKherg and headed a con ►*< spiraev in 1 he local working X men's council against the com ►J mander of the German garrison ►*« X at Kiniiii. The plot was discov- X ereil and Porten arrested. French textile Industry, the Germans, when they (lid not steal the machin ery. broke some of the vital parts and took away all electrical fittings and every scrap of copper. What happened Lien after the war had ceased? The French government made It im possible for the Lille factory owners to replace tlie stolen and destroyed spindles by buying them in America and England, and France could not re place them. It was pointed out to tlie men of Lille who wished to buy, and wlio had the money to buy, that it was Illegal to send money out of France. If tlie spindle buyer happened to have a fund handy in England or America, with which In pay for his stuff there was a slim chance of being alii« 1 to put through tlie deal, hut It was by no nu ans a certainty. Back of tills seemingly suicidal pol icy was the French government plan to make France as nearly self-sustain ing ns possible, In keep French money at home ami to keep the rate of ex change as favorable as possible to France. • It did not neetir to tlie French ofll eials that reconstruction problems could lie solved more easily if tlie Lille people and others in the same predica ment were permitted to liny factory machinery abroad and thereby hasten the day when the textile mills would resume production. Would Help Labor. Willi production started, even with factory reconstruction started, the French economic system would lie benefited, because such an outcome would give employment to French workmen. And exportation of tex tiles—which have to be manufactured before they are hipped—-would auto matically push (tie French exchange rate into a position favoring France. Yet tlie whole chain of reconstruc tion was blocked by the prohibition on importing foreign spindles and the French textile people themselves were obliged to oppose a government policy that hurt their business. American business men in France j during tlie peace conference shook their heads when they were asked about the possibility of immediate trade between France and America, and the optimistic ones took tlie view that tight government control, of trade as put. into effect by the French in .Tu Hilary as a reconstruction measure could not last long. What happened to the textile indus try during the war was nitty a repe tition of the sad fate of the brewing business and the mining'industry, as well as tlie sugar business. All of this wreckage cost the French something like S.'MHt.OOO.OOO-T lint's tile first official estimate. Dream of Prosperity. In the midst of this despoliation France lias a dream of future indus trial prosperity to lie realized only by protecting all national industry against foreign competition. Never before lias she thought seriously of taking the German's place in Europe, and now she believes that with only a comparatively stflnll amount of fa voritism she can compete for many of the German markets. From the despairing days of July, 15)13, when it seemed certain the Ger mans would take Paris and that French public opinion would not stand behind it continuation of fite war, to the exaltation France feels today in the joy of victory is a far cry, to say the least. The tables are completely turned. Politically and economically the French have made tremendous gains and they can only be expected to make tlie most of their bettered position in j the world. I If they happened to work at cross purposes to England and America, we can expect some compromise measures and some heated headlines perhaps in case the censor gets off the job some I time in 1919, but scarcely anything more serious. Pickled for Life. Jackson, Miss.—"Pickled for life,' mumbled n courtroom wag as Henry Pickle listened to the supreme court's decision affirming the lower court's verdict of life imprisonment. Some Dog, Oklahoma City, Okla.—Oliver C. Black, lawyer, is the only man in the state with a dog valued as highly as all his household goods, Assessor Bea*y says. Each is listed at $100. GiRL ESCAPES FROM BAKDITS ifl/as Held for Ransoi.i by Smug« glers on a Lonely Island. CAPTIVE FOR 12 YEARS Distress Signal Answered by Small Fishing Vessel Off Texas Coast— Succeeds in Reaching Main land. Rockport, Tex.—Being kept on a lonely island for more than twelve years by a gang of bandits or smug glers, who hoped to secure a large ran som from relatives for her release, and only making her ('scape through an act of fate, is (lie remarkable experience of a young woman just budding into womanhood who lias arrived at Hock port, Tex. The young girl knows noth ing of herself (>>• relatives other than site answered to tlie name of "Nellie" for several years. "Nellie" came to the mainland from one of (lie five small islands lying five miles off the coast, in a small fishing vessel which saw iter signal of dis tress. She had been on (he island alone for two days following tlie death of an old negro woman who constant ly guarded lier. Lived in House Made of Rocks. The girl said the greater part of the time she was on the island she lived with the negro woman in a house made of rocks. "Nellie" declared lier old jailer never heat lier but once, and that was when slit 1 asked if there were other bearded men and til act; women on ships which sometimes passed hi sight, and why they could not go away to some other house on one of the ships. According to the sträng» 1 story relat ed by the girl, tlie bandits contemplat ed taking her to South America, where site said they could get lots of money for iter. "Nellie" said the nom find a large sailing boat. Tlie bandits, nev er sailed toward the Texan coast, she / V m Vte SL *flr m , \ v ! ZT& j* jî--> 1 he Strange Man Was Carried Away Dead. said, hut went down the bay iu the di rection of Mexico. At one time, long ago, when site was but a little girl, the bandits brought another man to the island, she said. "Nellie" can remem ber them drinking and singing and playing cards. The next day, she said, the strange man was carried away dead. Will Explore Islands. "Nellie" is a pretty girl. Her hair is brown, and her bright, snappy eyes are hazel. From her general appear ance the people of Rockport believ c she must I» 1 of Spanish descent. A party has been organized to ex plore tit» 1 rock lions» 1 on die island and to trap tii» 1 I audits, with a view of forcing them to tell som.Thing of th« little girl, that she may Pc- returned to her parents or relatives. CLIPS OFF WOMAN'S HAIR But Intruder Leaves Tresses Behind— —Also Steals $20 Without Waking Couple. Passaic, N. J.—Mrs. William Haw thorne, forty years old, of 422 Harrison street, reported to the police that dur ing the night a thief iiad entered her bedroom and clipped off her long, gold en hair. So quietly did the thief go about his work that he not only did not arouse Mrs. Hawthorne, but was not heard by her husband, in an adjoining room, nor by two children in another room near by. The police found marks which indi cated that the thief had used a jimmy on the kitchen window. They ulso found a pair of scissors. Mrs. Haw thorne said she believed she had been chloroformed, as when she awoke she felt sick The thief also took $20 which was in a tin box, but evidently he had no use for the hair after clipping it as it was fourni alongside the empty money box by Mrs. Hawthorne. a fl! The Greatest Name in Goody-Land gam Ml r tGua Sä »!• rut Urn LGi/m l*Uj ^ The W largest- ^ w selling gum ~ In the world nat urally has to have a package worthy of Its contents. & m So look for WRIGLEY5 In the sealed package that keeps all of its goodness In. That's why d The Flavor Lasts! c Allen Bulls. R i- not "til.' in Ireland that hulls ire made. A lady residing in France an ing reproached her wood merchant of sending lier wet firewood, fie re died • "Madniiio, 1 have the honor to say liai il tin 1 wood had not been wet it •votlld have been perfectly dry." A French butcher, on being asked 'or a beefsteak, answered : "I have no beefsteak of I.....f today; 'mi I can offer you good liccfstcaks of An unbridled passion leads to tlie Imiter. Insincerity lias taken a lew orders. luit it never held a job very long. Starving in the Midstof Plenty Acid-Stomach Steals Strength^and Good Feelings From Millions c of Good Feelings go One of the worst tentures of acid stomach is that very often it literally Starves its victims in the midst plenty. And the strange tiling about it I* that »lie people with add-stomachs seldom know what their trouble v . . No matter how good or wholesome the food may be or how much they eat, they do not gain in strength, This is clearly explained by the fact Gun an acid-stomach cannot proper!v digest food. Instead of health»-, not mal digestion, the excess acid causes tlie food to sour and ferment. Then "hen this mass of sour, fermented food, charged with excess add, passes into tlie intestines, it becomes the breeding place for all kinds of germs and toxic poisons, which in turn are absorbed into the blood and in tiiis way distributed throughout the entire body. And that is exactly why It that so many thousands of people eat and eat and keep on eating and vet are literally starving in the midst'of plenty. Their add-stomachs make absolutely impossible for them to get the full measure of nourishment out ot their food. And it (hfsn't hike long tor this poor nourishment to show alp<l boclv" " «»»<•' Vo,, my : -My J.onmc, ,wt u t me. i liât may he true because SSnÄ-aSKTS: %S£ nr.-rars sP ATONIC £ ■ÄClORYOUR ACID-STOMACH )0 ! in a Fix. "What are you puzzling over, John?" I asked his wife. » "Why, that Mrs. Newrich we gave j the St. Bernard pup to writes asking A ! if it should he fed on meat or dog liis ! cuit." i "Well, on biscuit, shouldn't it?" "Yes, hut: she spells biscuit with a 'k.' and if I spelled the word rigid it might hurt her feelings." "Dit, say meat, then." "But she spells meat with two 'c's.' " It isn't what a man'doesn't know that worries him, but wluit lie knows others know lie doesn't know. oil - The small boy occasionally I sûmes time by eating dates. From Millions add-stomach is the real cause of the trouble. of Naturally, the sensible tiling to do is to strike right at the verv cause of this trouble and dean tlie. excess add out of the stomach. There is a quid. <*«isy way to do tiiis. A wonderful neu remedy quicklv removes the exec iu . i( | witl,„m the slightest di scorn fort i, is i.-athyh 1 tu ■ J , - ^ , ? '* f " r "' -, r ' 1 8 eat - Jus ' h ? f . T <ly> Th * y Iitera,,? a "®® rb ,ht> ln J)«rtous excess acid aid !!•', r,V , M ' V "'Y *I» r <»ugli the intestine / , . ° ,lnv e the bloat out of the *** Ml >' ftict you can fairly fed it the W0, ' k ' Milko 11 test of EATON 10 in your mvn case today. Got a big fins y< ( "'.L /''.''V' 11 ,* 0 to<3 . LA IONIC from your druggist. See ,or yourself how surely it brings quit* rt,,it 'f in those painful attacks of in is U'Rest ion, bitter heartburn, belching, disgusting food repeating, that avftd vet bloated, lumpy feeling after eatin" and other stomach miseries. Banish ah it . VMUr stomach troubles so completel' get ,hat J'im forget you have a stoir.iiG. T,, on you can eat what vou like and digest your food in com ' fort wUh( ,„t of distressing after effects iSta *»• re,» " " o jZ ÎRS your money back. So if voii >,«,<> tin T5S 57% f '