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• Imtttnrtala m Most Striking instances ot gallantry for which the Distinguished Service Cross has been awarded Stories of personal bravery that v ould be almost unbelievable were they not told in official reports are disclosed by the war department's records of the awards of the Dis tinguished Service Cross to mem bers of the American Expeditionary forces. Following are a few of the official reports that have been se lected by General Pershing's own staff as presenting most striking in stances of gallantry on the part of American soldiers under fire: SAMUEL WOODFILL, First Lieutenant, Company M, 60th Infantry. Three nets of conspicuous daring in one day near Cunel, France, October IL', 1918, won the Distinguished Serv ice Cross for Lieut. Woodiili. While he was leading his company against the enemy his line came under heavy tnnehiAp gun fire, which threatened to hold '■Ip the advance. Followed by two soldiers at twenty-five yards, this officer went out ahead of his first line toward a machine gun nest and worked his way around its flank, leav ing the two soldiers in front. When he got within ten yards of the gun it ceased firing and four of the enemy appeared, three of whom were shot hy Lieut. Woodfill. The fourth, an officer, rushed at Lieut. Woodfill, who attempted to cluh the officer with his rifle. After a hand-to-hand struggle, Lieut. Woodfill killed the officer with his pistol. His company thereupon continued to advance until shortly afterward another machine gun nest was encountered. Calling his men to follow, Lieut. Woodfill rushed ahead of his line in the face of heavy fire from the nest, and when several of * ^nemy appeared above the nest . , f»ot them, capturing three other members of.the crew and silencing the gun. A few minutes later this officer, for the third time, demonstrated con spicuous daring by charging another machine gun position, killing five men In one machine gun pit with his rifle. He then drew his revolver and started to jump into the pit when two other gunners only a few yards away turned heir gun on him. Failing to kill them with his revolver, he grabbed a pick ying near hy and killed both of them, inspired by the exceptional courage displayed hy this officer, his r:en pressed on to their objective under -evere shell and machine gun fire. Lieut. Woodfill is married and lives it 107 Alexandria F ike Fort Thomas, Ky. —Isa— GECRGE H. MALLON, Captain, 132nd Infantry. Cnpt. Mallon was decorated for in trepidity beyond the call of duty in the Boise de Forges, France, Septem ber 26, 1918. Becoming separated from the balance of his company be cause of a fog, Capt. Mallon, with nine soldiers, pushed forward and attacked nine hosii'e machine guns, capturing nil of them without the loss of a man. mtinuing on through the woods, he Jd his men in attacking a battery of 450 nitln» howitzers which were in ac tion, rSlihing the position and captur ing thé battery and its crew. In this encounter Capt. Mallon personally at tacked one of the enemy with his fists. Later when the party came upon two more machine guns, this officer sent men to the flanks, while he rushed forward directly in the face of the fire and fcileneed the guns, being the first one of the party to reach the nest. The exceptional gallantry and determination displayed by Capt. Mal lon resulted in the capture of 100 pris oners, eleven machine guns, four 450 I mm. howitzers and one anti-aircraft pun. Capt. Mallon's home address is I 1931 Halloek street, Kansas City, Mo, WILLIAM R. PECK, Sergeant, Company C, 354th Infantry. ? Sergt. Peck (decensed) received the I Distinguished Service Cross for con I spicuous gallantry in action near Re I monvllle November 1, 1918. He was advancing with his company across an open field when enemy guns opened fire on them from two sides. The at tention of the platoon commander was directed to the gun on his direct front, while the enemy on the right was lev eling his gun upon him. Seeing the i predicament of his commander. Sergt. Peck threw himself against the offi cer, pushing him into a shell hole, but exposing himself to the fire, which in stantly killed him. His home was 1» Washburn, Wis. — HAROLD W. ROBERTS, Corporal, Company A, 344th Battalion, Tank Corps. For'deliberately going to his death to save a companion in the Montre beau woods, Frijfcce, October 4, 1918, Cprp. Roberts walbawarded the Dis tinguished Service^Cross. Corp. Rob erts, a tank driver, was moving his tank into a clump of bushes io af ford protection to another tank which had been disabled. The tank slid intr i shell hole, ten feet deep, tilled wit I water, and was immediately sub merged. Knowing that only one ol the two men in the tank could os cape, Corp. Roberts said to the gun ner, "Well, only one of us can gel out, and out you go," whereupon lie pushed his companion through the back door of the tank and was him self drowned. Corp. Roberts' home address .was 5 Market street, Sar Francisco, Cal. — fe— ALAN LOUIS EGGERS, Sergeant, M. G. Co, 107th Infantry. Unusual bravery displayed in aiding comrades in distress near Catelot, France, September 29, 1918, won the Distinguished Service Cross for Sergt. Eggers. Becoming separated from their platoons by a smoke barrage, Sergt. Eggers. Sergt. John G. Latham and Corporal Thomas E. O'Shea took cover in a shell hole well within the enemy's lines. Upon hearing a cull for help from an American tank, which had become disabled, thirty yards from them, the three soldiers left their shel ter and started toward the tunk, under heavy fire from German machine guns and trench mortars. In crossing the fire-swept area, Corp. O'Shea was mor tally wounded but his companions, un deterred, proceeded to the tank, res cued a wounded officer, and assisted two soldiers to cover in the sap of a nearby trench. Sergt Eggers and Sergt. Latham then returned to the tank in the face of the violent tire, dismounted a Hotchkiss gun and took it back to where the wounded men were, keeping off the enemy all day hy the effective use of the gun, and later bringing it, with the wounded men, back to our lines under cover of dark ness. Sergt. Eggers' home is at 152 Summit avenue, Summit, N. J. —I*a— J. HUNTER WICKERSHAM, Second Lieutenant, 353rd infantry. For conspicuous gallantry, resulting In his death, near Limey, France, Sep tember 12, 1918, Lieut. Wickersham was awarded the Distinguished Serv ice Cross. Advancing with his platoon during the St. Mihiel offensive, Lieut. Wickersham was severely wounded in four places by the bursting of a high explosive shell. Before receiving any aid for himself, he dressed the wounds of his orderly* who was wounded at tiro same time. He then ordered and accompanied Ihe further advance of his platoon, although weakened by tire loss of blood His right hand and arm being disabled hy wounds, he contin ued to fire his revolver with his left hand until, exhausted hy the loss of blood, ho fell and died from his wounds before aid could Ire adminis tered. Lieut. Wickershair's home ad dress was 3416 Colfax boulevard, Den ver, Colo. — te — MARCELLUS H. CHILES, Captain, 356th Infantry. Cnpt. Chiles was decorated for con spicuous bravery in action, which re sulted in his death near Le Chc.mpy Bas, France, November 3, 1918. When his battalion, of which he had just taken command, was halted hy ma chine gun fire from the front and left flank, Capt. Chiles picked up tire rifle of a dead soldier and, calling on his men to follow, led the advance across a stream waist deep, in the face of the machine gun fire. Upon reach ing the opposite hank, this gallant offi cer was seriously wounded in the ab domen by a sniper, but before permit ting himself to he evacuated he made complete arrangements for turning over his command to the next senior officer, and under the inspiration of his fearless leadership his battalion reached its objective. Capt. Chiles died shortly after reaching the hos pital. His home was at 2815 West Thirty-seventh street, Denver, Colo. — fcà— ROY W. REEVES, Corporal, 96th Company, Sixth Marines. Corp. Reeves, whose home is with his mother, Mrs. J. W. Reeves, 3769 Chamour avenue, East San Diego, Cal,, was decorated for an act of conspicu ous intrepidity in action with the*, ene my near Blanc Mont, France, October 3, 1918. During a stiffly con»sted hand grenade fight Corp. Reeves saw a grenade fall in the midst of five of his comrades. Without hesitation he rushed forward and picked it up, hurl ing it from the trench. The grenade exploded a few yards from his hand, wounding him severely, but his act averted injury to all of his comrades. —M— EARL J. CHEEVERS, Sergeant, Headquarters Co., 132nd Infantry. Sergeant Cheevers received the Dis tinguished Service Cross for extraor dinary heroism in action near Bois de Forges, France, September 26, 1918. While engaged in maintaining a line of communication, Sergeant Cheevers saw four of the enemy enter a dugout dur ing an attack. Armed with only a pis tol, he followed. Upon reaching the dugout he ordered the men to come out. When they refused, he entered and routed out and captured twelve prisoners. RAY C. DICKOP, First Lieutenant, 127th Infantry. Lieut. Dickop (deceased) was deco rated for extraordinary heroism in action in the attack on Fismes, France, in August of 191S. On reaching Che zelles farm, he was shot in the head, body and legs. Although fatally wounded, when orders came for an other assault he gave the command ••charge" to his company and led the assault unt* he fell dead. Miss Lena Schiller, his aunt, lives at West Bend. 'Vis. GRAHAM BONNER * ^ ' <P/S>-//4« AUTHOR X SAVING THE ELM. "I am so happy," said the elm tree. "Oh, l am so happy and so glad. Life Is \iery beautiful, very indeed." "What makes you so happy, elm tree?" asked the young elm tree near by. It was always known as the young elm tree for the first elm tree was old er, much older and was called T1IE elm tree, or Grandfather Elm. "Please tell me if it is your hit inlay, Grandfather Elm? I know you are old and I think you should have a birth day party., If you did, I am sure the wind, and tlie Irees opposite, would wish you all sorts of happiness, a long life, and we would sing you a birthday poem, though we couldn't very well give you presents. "Trees can't give presents very well." "It's not exactly my birthday," said Grandfather Elm, "but in a way it's like a birthday celebration, for now I can look forward to l(>ts and lots of birthdays and oilier days and weeks and months and years. "I am going to live a long while. 1 am so happy about it, for I love life. I love to look down at the people and I love to keep them cool under iny shade when the weather becomes hot. "Of course now I am just ready for Ihe summer. I am trying lo look my best and my brightest as all the trees are at this time of the year." "It is tine to hear you say you are going to lire a long time," said the young elm tree. "It makes me very happy, too," said Grandfather Elm. "You see I was quite ill and now I am well." "Were you ill, Grandfather?" asked the young elm. "I am so sorry to hoar it. I thought you were having a good deal of cure and attention when T saw nil the work which you were having done for you. "But 1 didn't think that was because you were ill hut because you were be ing all dressed up and all fussed up for the spring and summer. Tell me Hbout it without trembling with nerv ousness." "Yes, I was very, very ill," said the elm tree. "I didn't know whether I would ever get well or not. I had all A 3Pt -Jri» RTC«r Grandfather Elm Swayed in the Breeze. sorts of tilings (lie matter with me. My wood was cracking and I was gen erally in bad shape. "They talked about me, people did, and they said it would be a great pity to cut me down. They said I gave shade in the hot summer, they said I was very beautiful and they said I should lie saved if possible." "That was fine," said the young elm tree. "It certainly made me happy," said Grandfather Elm. "Tell me some more," said Hie young e^in tree. "A lot of very clever tree doctors were sent £pr and they said that J could be saved. Oh, how happy that made me!" And Grandfather Eliu swayed in Hie breeze and smiled. "All the bad wood which bad start ed in to hurt me was taken away. Then they fixed up the places where the old wood had been so it would keep in good condition in the future. "I had steel straps put upon me in certain places to keep me' from blow ing over and fixetl in such a way so 1 could sway and laugh and blow nat urally with the rest of you. "My, but when they said I was all right, how I did rejoice! I was so happy, so happy." "We must certainly call it your birthday," said the young elm tree. "Yes," said the other near-by trees which had heard Grandfather Elm Tree's story, "it is the best time to talk of your birthday. For you're a fine old tree and you will. not live many, many years, and when we wish you many happy returns, we will know that our wishes will come true." And the wind blew and whistled this tune which the trees all joined in: .Many happy returns of the day, We feel so happy and say, For we love you. our fine old tree, And always will, you see. And Grandfather Elm smiled and swayed as he said his "thank you's !" Funny-Looking Twins. Robert, four, had just heard of <he new arrival of twins at his house. He hardly knew what was meant by "|wins," so was very anxious to see his brothers. tVhen he saw them they were lying in a basginette, one at each end, all covered but their heads. Rob ert looked at them and then very dis gustedly said : "They surely are funny twins, two heads, one at each end. but no feet." ROAD DRAGGING IS FAVORED Four Good Points on Simple and Least Expensive Contrivance for Maintenance. (Prepared hy the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) First, the road drag is the simplest and least expensive contrivance yet de vised for maintaining roads construct ed of earth or earthy material. Sec ond, tin* successful operation of a road drag depends to a very great extent on the skill and intelligence of the op erator. ''•'bird, the tin*e to use the drag is when the material composing the road surface is sufficiently moist to Keeping Road in Good Condition. compact readily under traffic after it has been moved hy the drag and does not contain sufficient moisture for the traffic following the drag to produce mud. Fourth, dragging cannot usually lie so arranged as to keep teams em ployed all the time, and it is therefore desirable to have it done hy interested persons who can lind employment for themselves and teams when they are not engaged in dragging. TELLS GOOD ROADS' NEEDS Farm and Fireside Explains Best Plan for Oval Surface—Should Be Flat as Possible. "Everybody agrees that the surface of a road must be oval in its con tour," says Farm and Fireside, "but not all understand that this oval ought to be as flat as the character of the road material and the lay of the land will permit. With brick or concrete construction the oval may be very flat, because the traffic makes no ruts to carry the water lengthwise of the road, nor does the pavement soften and develop depressions when kept in contact with water. "But broken stone (water-bound macadam), being susceptible to pene tration by water, and subject to great damage if frozen while soaked, must be given a higher oval ; and for gravel roads a still steeper pitch is de manded. "As for eartli roads, the steepness must he governed by the combined influence of a number of factors. Perhaps the leadiug factor is the quality of the earth in each particu lar case. And next might be placed the presence or absence of 'seeps' or 'spouts' ; while another of these vital factors would be the longitudinal pitch of the highway." PATCHING OFTEN NEGLECtED Two Ruts Caused to Form Where There Was but One Before— Work When Road Is Wet. Patching is usually neglected or done in such a way as to cause two ruts to form where there was hut one before. That is the invariable result of filling a rut too full. This work should always be done when the road is wet, preferably when the water is still standing, in every little hollow on the road surface, so that the workmen can just see where to place the new gravel and about how much is needed. Unless the rut is a very large one, it is always best to shovel the gravel from the wagon into it, rather than to raise a sideboard and attempt to dump a part of the load. BETTER WAGON ROADS URGED Farmers Cannot Take Hold of Prob lem Any Too Quickly—Cost of Hauling Is Too Big. Better wagon roads are a problem which farmers cannot take hold of any too quickly. It now costs the average farmer 23 cents per ton mile to haul freight over wagon roads, while the railroads receive on an average of only 7.29 cents per ton mile for performing the same service. EFFECT OF CLOVER ON SOIL Same Necessity for Applying Lime as for Wheat—Dress Land When Sowing Seed. Clover has a mechanical and nutri tive effect upon the soil. The necessity Df applying lime for the wheat holds ilso for the clover. Usually the land is dressed with the lime at the time ihe clover is sown. Twenty bushels of air-slaked lime or one ton of ground limestone is enough for one acre. • A "Close-Up" Swift & Company's Prolit of 2.04 cents on each dollar ol sales OTsas ira mm 12 96 85% Expenses ToStockRâiser Uber, Fre/fffit '-i 12 . 96 % Exfier?ses Lahor, Freight Stv oV/ r *V V V? & V i v v r ± 857 . To Stock Raiser f\ L.X The diagram at the top shows the distribution of the average Swift dollar received from sales of beef, pork and mutton, and their by-products, during 1918. The magnifying glass brings out the distribution of the 2.04 cents profit per dollar of sales: .94 of one per cent goes to pay interest on borrowed money, taxes, etc. .50 of one per cent goes to pay divi dends to shareholders. .60 of one per cent remains in the business to help in improving and _financing the business. Total 2.04 percent 1919 Year Book of interesting and instructive facts sent on request. Address Swift & Company Union Stock Yards, Chicago, Illinois Swift & Company, U. S. A. Ço A Z6 S.J*; Japan in the War. JiiIliiu entered the war because of a treaty wild Great Britain, concluded in 1 '.Ml". The original alliance pre ceded the Russo-Japanese war. In 1905 the alliance was rurther extended to provide for the defense of British interests in India and Afghanistan, while England agreed to give Japan a free hand on Korea. In 1911 it was again modified by the agreement that Great Britain should not he bound to aiil Japan against any power with whom she had a treaty of arbitration — thus excluding Ihe United States as a possible enemy. The alliance has been extended lo 1921. • Ignorance may he bliss, but one's | knowledge of one's ignorance is what J blisters. DUKE-LEON OIL CO. Capital $100,000.00 —Shares $10.00 Par Drilling Contract Awarded Develo pment Und er Way 70 acres in the heart of the famous Duke (Texas) field. Surrounded by production, proven and prospective. \\ miles from Phoenix well, (2,500 bbls.) 2\ miles from Duke wells, (4,000 bbls.) 2) miles from Knowles gusher, (10,000 bbls.) STOCK STILL SELLING AT PAR Bankers in every state in the Union are among our stockholders. Your local banker is authorized to accept your sub scription. See him at once or mail check to VANCE MUSE, Sales Mgr., Fort vvorlh, Texas 108 East Sixth Street Reference: Citizens National Bank, Dublin, Texas Faith in Britain. Through the darkest days of war Hit inhabitants of Lille never lost hope that their turn would come to be de livered from the invader hy tlie Brit ish army. All English officer remarked to his French host in that town that tin people of Lille must have learned o fair amount of German during tin enemy occupation. "On Hie contrary, monsieur," was the quick reply, "as soon as the Boche enterd our town we set ourselves to learn English."— Montreal Herald. If you can't marry the one you love try to love the one you marry. Proofreaders are practical type rlghters.