Newspaper Page Text
The Broadus Independent
VOL. 1. NO. 27. OLIVE, MONTANA, THURSDAY, APRIL 17, 1919 $2 PER YEAR TO THE RANGERS FI Editor of Sioux City Daily Livestock Record Ex presses Opinions HOGS AND ROOT CROPS ADAPTED Changes and Growth of In dustry During the Fast Seven Years Among thcTSpod fellows who are in town, on the annual rounds of the stock growers' conventions, is a Pull man car full of live wires from the Sioux City, la., live stock market. With the crowd is Y. A. Hartman, editor of the Daily Live Stock Record, published at the Sioux City market. During à visit to this office Mr. Hart man took occasion to go over some of his observations on these trips and to refer to the growth of the Sioux City market. "It is seven years ago this month that I made my first round of the annual April gatherings of stock growers in the northwest ern range countries. Within the space of these few years there have -ibeen some marked changes in the range country; also in Sioux City as a marketing center. Only seven years ago the rangemen as a whole were skeptical—they were disposed to doubt the adaptability of 'the range country' for any other purpose than the grazing of cattle and sheep. 1 call to mind a conversation with a gentleman from western South Da kota. I asked him whether any hogs were being raised in his section. Nine out of eyery ten men in the north western range country would recog nize the name of this man were it to be mentioned herewith. When the question was put up to this man he gave out a pitying look and replied: 'You can't raise hogs in this country.' Three years later, in the lobby of the hotel at Rapid City, this same man was talking of conditions in his sec tion of the country. It had been a hard wintej* on cattle, 'but I have three carloads of hogs that are about ready for market—have sold two loads during the winter, so I guess I will. get. through,' said this man. This range country may never become part and parcel of the corn belt, but many of the range sections have been .ling out that they can raise al ita, barley, oats, root crops and oc e.îeionally a little corn, and wherever leguminous grasses, small grains and root crops will grow and flourish there, also, will the hog thrive and Wax-fat for the pork barrel—and a pig, farrowed today, will grow to ma turity and bring home the coin before the calf dropped on the same day is ready to wean and start on his job of turning range grasses into money. This is one phase of the change noted in the range country during these the old-time rangemen—grand old fellows they are, too—who do not take kindly to the evolution that has brought about this change—but it is the Inevitable, and we doubt not is destined to bring a surer revenue to a greater number of residents on the lands of this western country than the old time range methods were capable of producing. 'The Sioux City delegation which is on the rounds of these stock grow ers' meetings in western South Da kota, Wyoming and Montana, have with them a message of growth to meet increasing needs of stock yards market and packing capacity. In the midst of the stress of the war period, when the energy of every home in the country was turned to the task of stopping the Hun and driving him back from invaded and devastated territory—at a time when the wisest heads of all Christendom said it would take five years to whip the Prussian and drive him to cover—at such a time as this the Midland Pack ing company announced its intention erecting a packing plant at the City stock yards market. Ad equate grounds was purchased, exca vation begun, a favorable winter was used to advantage and today sees some four hundred laborers busily erecting forms for concrete work, lay ing brick and rapidly pushing the walls of the Midland to completion. It is announced by the management of the new enterprise that opening of the plant will be before the 1st of August. This should be good news to the range country of the whole northwest. The Midland is being built on strictly modern lines. It is to be the last word in packing house completeness of equipment and stor age facility. It will be ready for op eration before the opening of the sea son for marketing range stock. This alone will mean an added demand for 50,000 cattle during the period of the range marketing season. The Mid land, while being built by the sale of stock, is not a get-rich-quick scheme —the putting up of the walls of a building with nothing upon which to operate after the building is complet ed. It is in the hands of practical packing house men, who have pro vided an ample operating capital. The capacity of the plant will be 2000 cat tle and 12,000 hogs per week. This increased slaughter capacity of the Sioux City market will draw more live stock to this market—and this in turn will draw more buyers for the feed lot and order trade. The Sioux City market has doubled itself since my first trip into the Northwestern range country, seven years ago. It has been always a growing market, but the 'boosters' have never been able to carry more of promise to the rangeman than they have on this trip." TO RAISE CATTLE ON LARGE SCALE Detroit Men Will Settle On 9,000 Acre Tract Near Mizpah Among the residents of this sec tion who will go into the cattle busi ness on a large scale are Fred Schreiber and a Mr. Tonn, both of Detroit, where they have been part ners in the contracting business. The two gentlemen mentioned and their families have moved here to take up their residence on a 9,000 acre tract of land w-hicli they have purchased through the Montana Wholesale Land company, located near Mizpah. It is stated that they expect to go largely into the cattle business and will put in a herd of thoroughbred white face Herefords. HOW ONE FEELS WHEN WOUNDED Broadus Man Tells of Expe rience When Shot on Battle Front What it feels like to be wounded was told recently by Johnny Singer, of the Broadus country, who had that unpleasant experience while fighting with the United States troops in France. In talking of the matter of A1 Truscott, he told of going over the top and suddenly being knocked down. When he came to, he had no feeling in his right arm, immediately deciding that it had been shot off. Upon feeling it with his left hand he found it was all right. Then he re alized that his left arm was in some strange condition, deciding that it must have been the one to be shot off. By use of the right hand, which he knew was all right, he found that he still had both arms intact. Singer, then, he stated, noticed for the first time that his head was cov ered with blood and once more de cided that he had lost something, thinking at first that the whole top of his head was gone. This also proved to be incorrect and little by little he began to gather himself to gether. He then decided that he was not so badly off after all, finally find ing out that he had been struck in the leg by a bullet, the shock so numbing his sense that it was ap parently Impossible to get more than one idea at a time through his brain. When he found out what the wound was, he went forward again after "one more Hun," before being sent back for hospital attention. Crop reporters of the Bureau of Crop Estimates throughout the Unit ed States report an average price of hogs to farmers a 100 pounds of $15.92 as the mean of the monthly prices. In 1915 it was $6.59; in 1916, $8.20; and in 1917, $13.59. County Nows lllllll By Special Correspondents POWDER RIVER Farming is in full progress on Powder River in spite of the dry weather. There will be an Easter dance at Powderville the 21st of April, every one welcome. There was quite a number present at the farewell dance given at Broad us last Saturday night. We are look ing forward to a new hall soon. Earl Smith was down the river after another broncho to break. Miss Gathryn Craft spent Thurs day night with Miss Nellie Edward. Miss Martha Durst spent Friday noon with Miss Beulah Bliss. Officers of the new county met at Broadus last week. Mrs. John Severoic is teaching the Lewis school now. Lawrence Thompson has started farming this week. Lee Bush is working for Mr. Boyce now. Miss Katlieryn Craft spent Tues day night with Miss Beulah Bliss. Mr. and Mrs. George Shipley, Miss Ida Johnson, and Mrs. Wennette and her two daughters attended the dance at Broadus last Saturday night. Mr. Preston is working for Mr. Pemberton. Mr. Durst is getting ready to put in his crops. Miss Beulah Bliss and Miss Kath ryn Craft spent Thursday with Miss Johnson. .1. Gaar spent Sunday with Miss Valesca Perns. George Craft is digging post holes now and is intending to fence part o; his place. Miss Katlieryn Craft is watering cattle now. Ben Johnson and Bob Rice are farming. CROSS S There was no school at the Cross S. on Tuesday on account of the weather. ,1. A. Johnson, Mr. Weickum, Mr. Sorensen and Thomas Minoff went to Miles Saturday. Di'mitrie Volkov called at Henn ings Monday afternoon. Jim Rashkov came out from Miles City last Tuesday and has moved onto his claim. District 77 elected the following school trustees: Three year term, D. N. Carter; two jear term, J. P. Peter son: one year term, George Henning. Nina Mitchell spent Tuesday night at the Geo. Kiosse home, and Thurs day night at Nikolai Bichow's. Mr. and Mrs. Altman have return ed to their homestead and Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Norrander have gone back into their own house for the summer. The Lemuel Reeves family moved out from Miles City last week. Velma anti Lemuel, Jr., have entered school. Bill Balaban went to Henry Boyes' a week ago, returning Monday. OLIVE A meeting was held at the Foree school April 5 and the following school trustees were elected: Mrs. A. Kelley, Albert Foree and F. G. Walpole. A large number were pres ent during the afternoon. Born, to Mr. and Mrs. Albert Foree a girl. Mother and babe are doing fine. Farming was stopped by the cold weather the past week. Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Boss from Volberg spent Tuesday of last week at the Roberts home. Mrs. Scheidel is helping at the Al bert Foree home this week. Mr. Scheidel is expected to come home from Miles City in a few days to remain awhile. O. S. Cason and Marvin Foree were breaking colts Wednesday. Our mail carrier was delayed a day this week on account of sfiow and bad roads. Foree and Walpole made a trip to the Y. L. store this week. Miss Knudson started teaching at the Kelley school Monday Meat, milk, eggs, fish, cheese, beans, peas, nuts, and cereals are the foods which furnish protein in quan tity for the human body. D. G. Al to at PINTO A school meeting was held at the Broadus school Saturday afternoon at two o'clock. Newman Daily is having a five room house built on his homestead on First Creek. Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Broaddus re tu.ned home from a pleasure trip to Miles City. Ned Bailey was a guest at the Daily ranch Sunday. There is to be a dance at Ernest Paul's place on Butte Creek May 1. Everybody come. Miss Agnes Moore and Eliza Broaddus made the quickest trip to the Pinto postoffice since it first be gan six years ago. Frank Rice made a trip to Arvada last week. COALWOOD Anglist Hoff and wife were guests at Christ Nellich's home Sunday. The residents of the Bar K ranch have been under the weather with la grippe the past week. Rev. Duncan has begun his sea son's mission work and will hold services the first and third Sundays of each month at 10:30 at Coal wood. Fred Kiser was a visitor at C. C. Craws Thursday evening. Mr. and Mrs. Noble McConnehey were afternoon guests at Mrs. Dun can's Sunday. The welcome home party given by Mr. and Mrs, J. W. Janssep Friday evening was well attended by a host o." friends of Will and Sam, who are glad to see them riome. The eve ning was pleasantly passed by music and pictures, the latter an interest ing collection brought home by the boys. A very dainty and satisfying lunch was served at midnight and a little later the crowd dispersed for their homes wishing they might wel come the boys home at least once a month for Mr. and Mrs. Janssen are ideal entertainers. « NEW STORE IN GLENDIVE Glendiye —Warren I. Maxson, the manager of the new co-operative store that is being started by the railroad employes arrived in Glendive the first of the week and is pushing the preparations of the opening of the store and thinks they will be ready to open in about thirty days and ready for business. The store will be located in the Krug building formerly occupied by the Colonial Bar. NEW SIDNEY HOSPITAL Sidney—Sidney has gone over the top. Through the public liberality of the people of Sidney more than the quota of $12,000 has been raised for the Deaconess hospital. Because enough funds are required to buy furnishings of the hospital, the campaign is still being pushed throughout the county to raise $4000 more than the original asking. This, no doubt, can be done. the ROND ISSUE FOR RICHLAND Sidney—The county commissioners have been in session this week and have been unusually busy with var ious matters. Among the important business transacted was the electing of Henry A. Miller as the chairman of the board. An application has been submitted to the state highway commission for a $125,000 bond issue for road improvement throughout the county and if this is granted the federal government will appropriate a like amount for the same purpose. COMMISSIONER FOR RICHLAND Sidney—Judge C. C. Hurley ap pointed Arthur White of Savage as commissioner of Richland county to fill the vacancy caused by the resig nation of John H. Bawden. Mr. White has farming interests near Savage and has been one of the valu able employes of the Valley Hardware company of this city for several montös and his appointment has been received with entire satisfaction by everyone, fur he is a most cap able and efficient gentleman and Judge Hurley is to be dcmmended for the appointment of Mr. White and w'e predict that his services wiTl be a valuable asset to the county. TO REORGANIZE THE SECOND MONTANA Permission Is Granted to Form National Guard, Adjt.-Gen. Says Helena—There will be many more inducements for men to join the re organized second Montana infantry, national guard of Montana, than were held out when the original Sec ond Montana was formed, according to Adjutant General Phil Greenan. He has made formal application to the war department for permission to organize the regiment. So far Chinook and Great Falls are the only towns that have asked for authority to organize companies. Enlisted men will receive 25 per cent of the pay they would draw if in the regular establishment. Cap tains will receive about $500 a year, lieutenants from $250 to $300 a year, majors around $800 and the colonel about $1,000 a year. The federal government will meet the payroll. Enlisted men must do a certain amount of drilling, ordinarily twice a week and the pay is withheld until 24 drills have been attended. Captains are obliged to keep the records of their companies; majors must inspect their battalions a cer tain number of times during the year, and in addition, must take a military correspondence course, fur nished by the war department. The same requirements are expected of the colonel. Any officer who held commissions during the war. and join the national guard within a year having been dls charged from the forces of Uncle Sam will be accepted and given com mission without taking mental or physical examinations. CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATION The United States Civil Service commission announces that a book keeper examination will be held in this city on May 10, 1919, to estab lish an eligible register from which selection may be made to fill vacan cies as they may occur in federal of fices in the Eleventh Civil Service District ( Washington, Oregon, Ida ho, ^Montana, Wyoming, Alaska). Entrance salaries range from $900 to $1,400 per annum. For application blank and informa tion apply to the local secretary, board of civil service examiners, at the post office, this city, or the Sec retary, Eleventh U. S. Civil Service District, 303 Post Office Building. Seattle. TANK COMING TO SIDNEY Sidney-^-Chairman S. F. Donaldson of the Liberty Loan drive which be gins on Monday, April 21st, has been successful in having lank No, 18 stop at Sidney for four hours on next Fri day, April 18th, for an exhibition. DRILLING OPERATIONS BEGUN Hardin—J. .1. Hessick of Florence, Colo., who got the initial drilling con tract from the Pine Ridge Oil com pany, has arrived and is making preparations for "setting up" and drilling. The work, it is announced, will be begun immediately. ACCIDENT Forsyth—E. S. King met v/ith a se rious accident Tuesday, opposite his residence, while attempting to leap from a moving car. In some manner, when striking the ground, he fell and the hind wheel of the machine passed over him, breaking'his left leg at the ankle. BUYS HARDIN PKG. GROCERY Hardin—Among the many other deals since the first of April, E. B. Russell, formerly employed with T. E. Gay, figures as purchaser of the Hardin "Package Grocery, corner of second stree* and Custer avenue, for merly owned and managed by J. W. Bullis. Mr. Russell is an experienc ed groceryman and general merchant ACCIDENTLY SHOT Sumatra—Franz Hanson, a well known farmer, accidently shot him self last Wednesday. He went out to look after his stock on horseback and took his rifle along. He stopped to -shoot a jackrabbit, and the gun discharged as he hung the gun on the horn of his saddle. The bullet en tered the back part of his leg, just above the knee, ranged down and came out at the calf of his leg. Dr. MhJgett attended him and he is re ported to be getting along all right. P OF WHEAT IS Ü. S. FORECAST Government May Have to Pay Huge Amount to Farmers GUARANTEED PRICE OF $2.25 BUSHEL No Prediction on the World Market Price Made By Officials Washington—Forecast by the de partment of agriculture today that the nation's \yinter wheat crop would total 837,000,000 bushels, the largest crop ever grown, aroused immediate speculation as to the cost to the gov ernment of such a yield. Under the bill passed by congress the government is obliged to pay the difference between the guaranteed price of $2.26 a bushel and the world ' market price for each bushel of win ter and spring wheat produced. The total value of winter wheat crop on the basis of an 837,000,0000 bushel crop forecast, would be $1, 891.620.000. The spring wheat crop cannot be estimated at this time, but the department of agriculture offi cials today predicted it would range between 225,000,000 and 300,000, 000 bushels, which would increase the total value of the nation's wheat crop to approximately two and one half billion dollars. The part of this two and a half bil lion dollars that the government must pay to maintain the guaranteed price was a matter upon which offi cials here declined to comment. It was said that the factors influencing the world market prices were too numerous to make any prediction. The department of agriculture has no information as to estimated wheat production in the other wheat grow ing countries of the world. Officials believe there will be a good foreign demand for American wheat which will take care of the na tion's surplus and while the loss to the government through Its price guarantee may run into the millions of dollars, it simply will be taking money from one pocket and putting it into another. Officials believe the forecast indicates farmers will be more prosperous and possess greater potential buying power than ever be fore. The enormous sums farmers will receive for their wheat, it was said, should find its way back quickly into circulation, thus adding to the general prosperity of the nation. Today's forecast indicated that America will have a greater surplus than ever before. The United States requires for its own yearly consump tion about 5.3 bushels of wheat for each person. With approximately, 110.000. 000 people in the United States and adding approximately 75, 000,000 bushels of wheat which is necessary for feeding purposes, the demands of this country this year are estimated at more than 650,000,000 bushels. With a spring wheat production estimated at from 225,000,000 to 300.000. 000 it would appear that the surplus available for export would be about 450,000,000 bushels. What these figures mean is indi cated in statistics showing that be fore the war the United States ex ported an average of 100,000,000 bushels yearly. During the war the greatest quantity exported in any one year was about 335,000,000 bushels, so that the available new supply this year would be considerable more than 100,000,000 bushels above the maximum ever exported, even when practically all the warring and neu tral nations were depending upon the United States as the main source of their food supply. Iowa's livestock on farms is worth much more than that of any other state and has a value of $745,000, 000. Illinois follows in order with $492,000,000, Texas with $455,000, 000, Nebraska with $423,000,000, Missouri with $407,000,000, and Kansas with $400,000,000.