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The Cream St?lion Wj.il Bo the Inauguration of a
# 7 ■* v. ♦ v ÀÂÀ. \Jv/ -- M. V- « * i -A v -l—'' - y ciöp The Powder River County Examiner Volume III Number 21 and The Broadus Independent Broadus, Montana, Friday, March 11, 1921 $2 Per Year unnn» Ml SOM AVAILABLE a 185 APPROPRIATED BY COUNT)' COMMISSIONER» FOR POISON —OATS TO BE PROVIDED The board of county commission ers at its regular monthly meeting this week appropriated $185 for the purchase of strychnine to be mixed with oats to serve as a poisonous bait for prairie dogs and sold to the farmers and ranchers at cost. The strychnine has been ordered from a wholesale bouse and will un doubtedly l»e delivered here within a week's time. It will be incumbent upon the farmers and stockmen to provide the oats and these must be of a good, clean grade. Wheat is not used in preparation of the "bait" for precautionary purposes. The warehouse near the court house will be lised as a storage room for the oats and it is hoped a suf ficient quantity will lie on hand to enable the expert from Bozeman to proceed with the mixing demonstra tion when he arrives here. Each farmer and rancher desiring prairie dog bait is requested to bring their oats to the warehouse, labeling the sacks with the corect weight and their names. About 1250 pounds of good clean oats will lie needed for the bait. It might be a good idea for those wishing prairie dog liait to immediately ask for allotments, mak ing the estimate as low as possible so that the bait will be distributed to the many instead of the few. It is believed that there is yet time to do much good work in exterminat ing the prairie dogs before other feed becomes plentiful. B. Cain of Broadus was designat ed by the commissioners to take charge of the prairie dog extermin ation work and all inquiries should be addressed to him. He will not make trips on this campaign . It is to be hoped that everyone i residing in districts infested with ! these prairie dog pests will do his j share in starting the extermination j program this spring. PREDICTS HOUSE A RED CROSS REPRESENTATIVE IN POLAND PREDICTS THAT TRICES WILL BE BETTER American horse dealers could wish for no beter market in the world than Poland, according to Captain F. I. Johnson of Red Lodge, Montana, who is now serving with the Ameri-j can Red Cross commission in War-1 saw. Before the war, Captain John son was a prominent figure among the horse breeders in the western section of the United States. Still intrested, lie spends tiis spare time making inquiries abotu the horse sit-) nation in Poland. "The number of horses in Poland. " he says, "lias been diminished by more than 50 per cent as a result of the war. The shortage is being felt almost everywhere. Transportation, also farming are suffering from this lack of horses to say nothing of the army whose losses in animals have been tremendous. Poland on a peace basis again will want American horses of all kinds and this should open up an excellent market for the American breeders though business must wait unti the exchange between the two countrjes is more favorable, As in everything eise this prevents the Poles from buying at once. Re eently A lie cost of sending Aemrican horses to East Prussia was figured at 4.000 German marks a head. This would be about 17,000 Polish marks. With the Polish mark at 275 fori the dollar it can readily be seen how impossible it is fo* Poles to buy. "Prior to the war, the horse was king in Poland. Every family of consequence had its carriage drawn by two or three beautiful animals while the taxi-cal» was the well known drosky. The horse iporked the farms, for meehanical farming was practically unknown. Horseback riding was popular as was arcing, some very high class horses having been bred for the track. American horse breeders should keep one eye on the exchange and the other on fli pnssibilitis in Poland." RAY BÖRSE MAIL ROUTE SUBJECT OF CONTROVERSY Two petitions are in circulation over the stub mail route extending from Moorhead to Bay Horse, One petition asks its abandonment in fa vor of a new route from Gillette to Bay Horae and the other petition is in the nature of « remonstrance to abandoning the present route. HI SCIItL MUG MUST BE ACCREDITED TO CON TINUE—ENTIRE COUNTY TO BENEFIT BY HIGH SCHOOL The regular session of the Broad us Chamber of Commerce Monday night was largely devoted to the lo cal high school project and as a re sult resolutions were adopted re questing recognition from the state board of education for the institu tion as an accredited high school. It was asserted that the high school is doing standard work and complying with all requirements required by the state board. School District No. 79 is maintaining the high school this year at its own expense together with financial assistance fron» the townsite fund. Next year it is pro posed to convert the local high school into a county high school and thus mtrke it possible to continue this branch of education. Unless proper credits be given for this year's work it would be impossible for the local district to further finance the high school and would he disastrous to educational advancement within the county at large. High school stu dents from outside points are now attending the local tn. titution an 1 if given the required recognition the educational advantages will become more pronounced. The Chamber of Commerce took no definite action with regard to the County Unit law. Several members were out of town btit despite their absence the attend ance at. the meeting was good. Tim banquet served by the hotel was quite fitting to the occasion. Inspiring Advice To Homesteaders "Stick to your homestead and you're sure to win," is the advice given to newcomers t»y R. J. Harlan residing on Pilgrim ertek. twenty, miles from Broadus. And lie knows whereof he speaks. No homesteader ever started business under more ad ■ verse conditions than Mr. Harlan hut by persevering and working he says he is satisfied with his present lot. Coming into the country eleven years ago absolutely "broke." Mr. Harlan tiled on his homestead, and it was three long years before he had acquired a team and farm machinery. In that time he had occasion to go to Miles City throe different times, walking the distance each way. over a hundred miles. Other "hikes" were made to Broadus and Powderville. From personal experience Mr. Har lan states that absolute crop failures are unknown here, that something i* sure to come out of the ground if the seed is planted. While not as pre tentious as some places, he says his home is the dearest place on earth to him and cherished us such. "I am my own boss,** he continued, "and that counts a deal in this day and age.' Mr. Harlan added that the inspir ation to tile on a homestead here came after he had made and spent tidy little sinus, and continuing glich procedure he coldn't see anything in the future but eventual distress and poverty. Mr. Harlan added that a wise pol icy' to pursue is to plan to cross the bridge before it is crossed, in other words to look into future conditions as far as two years hence and be prepared. ; ! ! I EASTER MOM GAUGE FOR BAND To get the Powder River baud started properly arid to maintain it will require some financial assist ance and one of the means decided upon to raise money i s through a dance to be held at the Broadus school house on Easter Monday, March 28. Selections will be render ed at that time by the band and mu sic for danéing will be supplied by tlie large orchestra. There will be no raise in the customary prices charged for admission and supper and all proceeds will be applied to the band fund. The adies of Broad us and vicinity will attend to the supper details. The band already has enrolled several experienced players from over^the county, giving it the status of a county organization. Several re hearsals have already been held un der the direction of Director A. B. Norris and at these it was demon strated that a good band is possible if it Is given the necessary support. j Uomparcd with previous assem blies less new or experimental leg islation was pssed by the Seventeenth session than has been the case in years, in the opinion of legislative observers. Aside from new subjects such as oil, that demanded new lég islation, most of the time of the as sembly was devoted to remedial leg islation and improvement of exist ing statutes. A total of 354 bills and memorials were passed by »the assembly and transmitted to the gov ernor. While a grist of bills was intro duced proposing constitutional amend ments, only one bill received the necessary two-thirds vote of each house and was transmitted to the governor, lie lias approved it. This is H. B. 22 by Cavanaugh, submit ting to f ile electors at the next elec tion an amendment authorizing the legislature by a general or a special law to provide a rurm and plan of government for counties or for cities and counties under such form or plan as the assembly prescribes. Among other accomplishments ot the legislature as revealed in the bills passed may l>e enumerated re organization of authority in state de partments centralization of author ity in state and counties, more checks on expenditure of public moneys, a big agricultural, livestock, and irri gation district program, codification of the laws and simplification of the civil and criminal practice, oil legis lation for r gulation of the state's newest industry, revision of the fish and game aws, amendment of the banking laws, amt many measures dealing-with miscellaneous subjects. Reorganization of state depart ments includes transfer of the legis lative reference buieau to the state law library; reorganization of the stat highway commission by abolish ing the commission of 12 men and substituting one salaried commis sioner and two advisory commission ers on a per dietii basis: reorganiza tion of the state game and lisli com mission: consolidation of nine de partment hoards or bureaus, into a new department of agriculture, labor and industry: reorganization of the livestock commission and giving to the sanitary department the inspec tion of dairies. Measures providing for greater centralization of authority include the creation ion oï thr office of state d^i'1 it. This officer will ami ( :<cl n Mv» marge, sub ' statt bcv* ra of examiners, tying for all state depart j j j j I I , I tnents and state institutions. A great reduction in the overhead cost of the state is expected. Another measure gives the state board of examiners power to fix the number and com pensation of all clerks, assistants and stenographers in state offices. A sim ilar meaure applies to county boards of commissioners. Among other measures designed to place more check on the expendi tures of public moneys is a bill that makes the treasurer the treasurer of every state board department, bu reau or institution, and requiring de posits of all receipts by them with the treasurer twice a month. Anoth er is the revision of the budget law covering state expenditures, and the passage of a measure providing a budget system in all counties. Still another bill limits the size of bond issues for county schools, according to the classification of the county, and regulates the distribution of the moneys. One of the ,-iost important checks on expenditures is that bill requiring a petition of 20 per cent of the qualified electors who are tax payers to authorize the voting upon the issuance of any school, town or county bonds. The agricultural, livestock and ir rigation district program is p, t-liaps the biggest program put through the assembly. It includes bills on the fol lowing- subjects : Consolidation of nine boards or departments into de partment of agreiulture: reorganiza tion of livestock commission: auth orizing incorporation of agricultural co-operative corporations; collective buying and selling by agricultural corporations or districts: authorizing special levies in counties for exter mination of insect pests and dis eases; authorizing special county bounty levies; permitting quarantine within state by governor for insect pests; fixing standards on hay and apple boxes; amending hail insur ance law to provide for different rates on a zoning Bystem; bills re mitting penalties for delinquent tax es, redemption of property, foreclos ure of property and like measures calculated to aid the producer who has not prospered in the past few I ; years; rerecorditig of brands, amend ment of laws relating to estray stock, slaughtering cattle and similar measures; amendment <bf irrigation and drainage district laws; permit ting irrigation districts to issue fund ing bonds; making irrigation district bonds legal investments; requiring better bookkeeping in irrigation dis tricts. Among other measures relating to ihe judiciary that passed are the codification bills, publication of the revised codes of 1921, permitting designation of district, judges as su preme court commissioners to assist u prerae court in clearing its calen dar: revision of the civil and crimi j nal practice toward simplification to j reduce expense and time required: j attaching Jefferson county to judi j cial district formerly containing only Lewis and Clark county; making all laws take effect July 1, unless otker wise provided. Oil legislation includes making Pipe lines common carriers, relating to leases for oil and gas on state owned lands, plugging of oil wells when abandoned, and the ike. The only change made in the preset law for creation of new coun ties raised the valuation that must be left in the old county, and that the new county must have. One of the few experimental acts of the assembly was the enactment of a law imposing a poll tax of S3 on bachelors, tlio proceeds to go into the county poor fund. This tax is in additin to the $2 road tax. Banking legislation includes a raise in the salary of the state ex aminer. reducing reserve require ments of state banks, permitting the state banks to accept drafts and deal in acceptances: placing building and loan associations under supervision of state examiner. Miscellaneous lulls of importance include a stringent, blue sky law, 0.000 additional appropriation for veterans' welfare commission; giving veterans or their widows preference in public employment; providing 7 per cent interest on state warrants; permitting sale of beverage alcohol: prohibiting minors under age of IS ''rom loitering around pool or bil liard halls; requiring railway and railroad companies to reimburse em ployes for property losses sustained by moving of terminals: requiring prompt settlement on smelter re turns by lessors or lessees; repealing price fixing power of trade commis sion: making life imprisonment the maximum penalty for robbery. Beef Prices Bound to Raise The cattle countries of the great northwest are undergoing a tremen dons change, according to Fisher B. Weaver of Wolf. Wyo., owner of a large ranch in that section. Prices of beef are bound to go up even more, and it is unlikely that they* will ever again return to pre-war' figures, owing to the present lack of interest in cattle raising, according to Mr. Weaver, says the New York Times. "The big ranches are passing, " he said. "The average ranch now will not run more than 700 head of cat tle, as against many thousands in the old days. Horses are being raised in greater numbers than cattle. How ever, when tilings get settled, more beef will be produced than ever be-1 fore, but it will be ted. This beef will bring a much higher price. 1 doubt if it will ever go any lower again, bur tile quality will be improved. "There was a day when the cattle were driven south in the winter and came back north in the summer, but now* the rancher is limited as to area almost entirely by the necessity of being next to a federal forest re serve. "There isn't edough, laud on which to run a big hunch of cattle without using these reserves." MITZELL S TWO CHILDREN DIE IN SOUTH DAKOTA Word was brought lo Broadus yes terday reporting the death of the two younger children in the family of Andrew Mitzell who recently left this county for some point in South Dakota. It was also stated that an other child was hopelessly ill. Orig inally there were seven children hi the family. CHURCH GOES M BROADUS TO MAINTAIN CHURCH OTHER COMMUNITIES SERVED UPON SPECIAL REQUEST Arrangements were made Wednes day night in a meeting of the towns people at the Powder River hotel to place the Broadus Community church, on a business basis and thus insure its permanency and the retention of Rev. H. K. Waters as the local min ister. In the future Mr. Waters will de vote his entire time to the Broadus church work except euch appoint ments from outlying districts that may be requested from him for mid week services, marriage or funeral ceremonies when they will be expect ed to meet his entire expenses. In order to perpetuate the church work tsarted in Broadus last sum mer it was necessary for local citi zens to subscribe monthly pledges of a certain amount, and the sum thus promised is satisfactory to Mr. Wa ters. One of the largest items of ex pense for the minister has been elim inated by the above arangements, referring to the maintenance and re pair of the Congregational service car. This machine has been the object of Mr. Waters' time anil at tention and a considerable expense, and dispensing with its use will be a forward step in retrenchment of finances and a greater efficiency in the work of the minister. Survey Road To Pumpkin Creek file board of county commission ers at their meeting this week or dered the road surveyed from Epsie to the Sand Creek school house where connections are made with the main road loading to Broadus. Last fall the road was ordered surveyed from Pumpkin creek to Epsie and as this work was delayed County Sur veyor Fuukenbusch will lay out the two surveys at the same time. It is understood that rights of way have been secured covering nearly the eu tire stretch of about 20 miles. In the past to traverse this road in some places little more tuan a trail meant opening and closing about 28 gates. This road when thrown open to traf fic will provide a shorter route from Pumpkin creek to Broadus and will be extensively used. There was no action taken at the session just closed toward disposing the county warrants for funding bonds. .JURY CALLED FOR APRIL lit Snbpoenaes for the jury panel of To names have been mailed all over the county, notifying the recipients to appear in Broadus on April IP. ! i ' ! ; j j • i i ' j County Division Measure Killed The bill to create three now coun ties in the slate, after passing the house of the Montana legislature, was talded in the senate. These three counties were to be known as Cruse, Red water and Joe Brown. T.oeal interest in the proposed cre ation of Joe Brown county was man ifested inasmuch as a portion of Powder River county along its west ern border was to be sliced off and included in the new county, compbeing, -tothearea. lirdlu Imlln ! Another Heir Becker Estate Another claimant to the 000,000 Becker "estate" in Philadel phia, came forward at Evanston, 111., this week. He is the Rev. George Edgar Sharp, retired Methodist min ister, who declares that his share should he §6,000,000. The Becker "eotnte" is supposed to comprise 500 acres in the heart of Philadelphia, leased from Col. Jacob Becker for 99 years. These leases are about to expire and, according to heirs, the buildings on the land will become their property. Harvey Long, residing on land near Broadus, is one of the 2,000 recognized heirs, to this vast estate. COURTI MIGHT BUILD PERMANENT BOAR COMMISSIONERS BELIEVE BET TER RESULTS INDEPENDENT OF FEDERAL AID 1 lie board of county commission ers contemplate the purchase of a track layer and grader from Custer county for the purpose of building permanent roads in this county with the issue of §150.090 road bonds. Should such action ho taken the county would act independently of the state highway commission and without complying with prescribed specifications would not receive tho federal aid of a like sum. However, investigation of the dif ference in the costs might more than justify the commissioners to pursue such a proposed course. It develops that the graveled road out of Miles F » y was built by Custer county at au expense of s.1,125 per mile while under state and government jurisdic tion the cost would have been five or six times as much, meaning that five or six miles or permanent road could be built by the county to one miio under the state supervision. While roads under state and federal super vision perhaps have lesser grades and a deeper foundation, it is believed much money is needlessly expended in overhead expense that would bo curtailed under county supervision. And again should the road bonds oe sold and work commenced under state supervision the money to fi nance the,project would be deposited in outside banks, in a measure dis criminating against local institu* tions. The commissioners want an ex pression of opinion from the coun ty's people in regard to this proposi tion before definite action is taken. TO DRILL FOR OIL A-W.V MAY OIL « O. TO RE THE FIRST TO EXPLOIT TIMS COUNTY'S FIELD. Miles City.—As a trail breaker for capital of eastern independent oil operators, the Anna May Oil com pany of Miles City, backed by New York capital, lias been officially born. Articles of incorporation of the now company have been filed with .County Clerk and Recorder F. F. Rohling. Miles City has been designated us the principal place of business of the new company, which is incorporated for a term of 4 0 years. The capital stock is placed at §1 50,000, divided into 150,000 shares of §i each. A board of four directors has been maned and consists of the following members: Anna May Coykendall, Beim Yan. N. Y.: Louis A. Hirsch, John \\\ Pawelson and Harold Sut liff, all of Rochester, N. Y. Leases have been secured by the company in Powder River county, it is stated, and drilling will probably be started early in the spring. Oil Leases on Box Elder Many oil leases are being taken on the Box Elder between Sykes and Piniele. principally by John W. Hud son. who represents a Miles City company composed of twenty Custer county capitalists. The terms of the leases call for lour wells within 16 months, one within 12 miles of Sykes, one within 3 2 mies of Lute Mahnken's place, one within 12 miles of Alzada and one within 12 miles of Boyes. These prospect wells will be spudded in it a suffi cient number of leases can be se cured. $6,923.50 STATE L Slate school money to the extent of §6.923.50 has been received by Powder. River county and reappor tioned to the different school dis tricts of the county on the basis of §6.10 for each child between tho ages of 6 and 21 years. According to the apportionment made to this county there were only 1,135 chil dren of school age In the county for 1920 f.s taken from the school cen sus. A report is current that some error was made in submitting the correct figures of the county's school population for last year and that the number was in excess of that used for the apportionment.