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^Nearly Every Person In Powde r River County la a Constructionist, Building Their Way Upwards
The Powder River Countv Examina Volume III Number 22 and TMë^Éroadus Independent Broadi», Montana, Friday, March 18, 1921 $2 Per Yew n in IEMBMI, IM. 31 Arrangement* have been made with A. E. Oman, biological assistant in charge, from Boaeman, to the ef fect that he will be in Broadus in person to super vise the mixing at .prairie dog bait. At their recent meeting the board of county commis sioners appropriated 9187 for the .purchase of the necessary strychnine -and saccharine which mixed with •oats, will provide 1,250 pounds of bait. While the county has advanced the .-snoney for the strychlne and sac charine those to use the bait will pay for it at cost, 'hereby reimburs ing the county. B. Cain, who is in charge of the preliminary work for the extermin ation of prairie dogs, baa already procured a quantity of good, clean oats for the bait mixture. It is Mr. Cain's intentions to send «nail quantities of the prepared sait to all the postoffices in the county, where It will be distributed -to different individuals making ap plication. Directions for placing the bait will be sent out. For the main part these directions advise the use -of the bait very sparingly. The bait should not be placed in the holes, •but scattered around, about half a teaspoonful to each mound. .ADDITIONAL LOCAL BRIEFS 12(1 w. Ilorkaa from Miles City was in Broadus Wednesday. John H. Rogge Monday night re ceived a new valve trombone. He "'blew in" to blow fdr the Broadus hand; Other instruments ordered Include a tenor and a fcasB. Inclem ent weather last Friday night pre vented rehearsal of the band but hereafter these practices will be held •regularly at the Examiner office. Dance at the Broadus school house Easter Monday, March 28, as a ben efit to the Powder River band. The cause is a good one. All members of 41ie Broadus Cham ber of Commerce have been assessed *2 each for the support of the Pow der River band. Lisle and Vernon Powell on Ranch •creek are preparing to engage tu farming with a tractor as 6oon as conditions become favorable. They have 100 acres in wheat planted last fall and this Is now upover an inch ând looking fine. A social ' hop" was held at the Powder River hotel Wednesday night and an enjoyable time was re ported by the many in attendance. Quite a few people from Broadus and vicinity attended the St. Pat rick's dance at Powderville last night. A light rain fell in this vicinity on Wednesday evening. More moisture -either from rain or snow would be greatly appreciated now. E. W. Powell and son Lisle D., from Ranchcreck transaated business in town Monday. John H. Morris and Baxter Pierce, -county commissioners of this county, were in Miles City this week in con sultation with commissioners of Cus ter county. Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Devashor left, -on Monday for Marmarth, N. D.. in reply to a message stating that Mr. Devashor's brother, Tom, ws not ex pected to live for Jong. Ill PROMOTERS INSPECT FIELO Significance may be attached to she visit in Broadus this week of 'iiigh officials of the Anna May Oil company. They were John W. Powel son. president of the company, of .Rochester, N. Y., and Field Manager Roy C. Corbin of Batavia, N. Y. This company, it is said, proposes to drill •tor oil in the near future southwest of Coalwood, this county. That they mean business is accepted by many. It is said they will first procure teases from the country roundabout and then will start active work. M. C. Dutton and C. L. Thompson, -both of Casper, Wyo., were in were in Broadus yesterday on some 'kind of an oil mission as they were making inquiries of this field. Electrical installations In the Uni ted t Sates have doubled every five years during the last generation. The anfiUal tobacco bill of the United States is 91,110.000,000, of ' which 9000,000,000 Is spent for cig vets. at It ed Of asrsKM» KHKII Ml Nine cents a bead for shearing sheep is the price set for 1921 by the Utah Woolgrowers association, a announced by Secretary Willard Han son. "The sheep men," said Mr. Hansen, "can not afford to pay more than nine cents a head because the market is os low that wool would then be produced at a great loss.' Shearers Propose Reduction Salt Lake City.—An approximate reduction of 31 per cent over last year's price for shearing sheep, agreed upon by members of the Utah chapter of the Sheep Shearers' Union of North America at a meeting will not he accepted, it was stated by the Utah Wool Growers' association . Wyoming Prices At a meeting of the Wyoming sheepmen at Lovell, Wyo., last week they fixed wages for the 1921 season as follows: Herders, to July 1, 1921 860 per month including board. Lambing hands, 82 per day, includ ing board. Herders after July l. $40 to $50 per month, including board. Foremen in lambing pens, not to exceed 82.50 and board. Ranch hands. $40 to $50 per month and board. Irrigators not to exceed $00 per month and board. Shearing, 11% cents per head, not to include board. Wranglers, $2 per day, including board. Head wranglers, $3 per day, in cluding board? Vtll Dae 125 Fiet-Na Water After hand-digging a well 125 on the Hitchcock place near Broadus, Frank Bradley and. Orley Dungan were forced to desist their labors for fear of disaster. A four-foot vein of sand became loose about 20 feet from the bottom aud gave indica tions of a general cave-tn. George C. Rule, at whose expense the well was dug, deemed it expedient to de sist his quest for water. In the same vicinity a well was dug 112 feet to water on the Chao. Lewis place and 20 feet to water on both the Lewis Monroe and Vic Johnson places. Program Primary Broadus Schools An Easter program will be given at the Broadus primary school Sat urday evening, March 26, to which all are invited. As arranged it fol lows: Opening Selection...........Piano ''Consider the Lilies".......School 'The Resurrection".........School "Easter Time" Song.........School "The Day Is Done". . .Jr. Boy Scout« "Apple Blossoms".....Kathryn Neil "Awakening in Spring"......... ..................Lane Sisters Flower Song. . . .Jr. Camp Fire Girls "Success"............First Grade Acrostic by . .. . . ......First Grade "The Flag" ........Jr. Boy Scouts "Hats Off"...........Boy Scouts Banjo Solo...........Mrs. Stewart Song "America the Beautiful.".... Normal Acreage To Be Plantod Reports from over the county in dicate that our farmers are itching for the time they can start work in earnest. While some plowing aud discing has been done, the bulk of this work yet remains, but with some moisture to loosen up the ground, farming will be under full Bteam. It is believed the acreage to be plant ed this year will be equal to that of last year. While conditions have been ad verse the past two seasons many of the farmers conten • nothing is to be gained this year by "laying off," and they are going into the season with a degree of optimism. It Is yet unknown whether aqy effort will be made by farmers and ranchers from this county to secure government funds with which to pur chase seed. Reference to this mat ter ta to be read In another column Of this week's paper. EUMfiUK ST! MM! (OWN 'fJS.RK* (Ml nmun g-jjyiw 1" ■Bt®L l SL5 T * TC "O" LWT ««-■• ASH »MISS T PERMAN ENT HMD CONSTRUE TIM MMES STATE SUPERVISI8N Following is the text of a report to the 'Montana legislature by ih-j joint committee appointed to Inves tigate the highway commission and is herewith reprinted by the Exami ner for the information of people in Powder Riv.r county; Taking into consideration, first the one most vitally interested, namely, the taxpayers, the report starts: "Have gotten but little considera tion during the past year under the highway building program, put un der way by the highway commis sion, in conjunction with the federal bureau of public roads. The vari ous counties in which bonds were voted upon and money made Availa ble for highway construction, have experienced the inefficiency of an unweildly engineering crew, turned loose upon the projects proposed for construction. "Specifications ot projects were submitted to the various county commissioners by the highway engi neers, contracts were let, construc tion wa* put under way, only to find a great variation in yardage of com mon dirt work, and thus causing no small increase in costs. "The committee feels, that in view of the large crew of 'high powered" engineers mployd, mistakes such as these are inexcusable, and in vie$v of the free reign givn the xcutive Com mittee to hire the best engineering ability obtainable, it is only fair to expect that; the taxpayers of ibis state are entitled to a square deal. "Local county engineers and coun ty commissioners, who were famil iar witn the. respective local condi tions, were entirely ignored; changes were demanded after construction was under way; specifications which bad been passed upon by the respec tive county commissioners were de viated from, thus causing unforseen delays, and expense, and by the en gineers firmly insisting upon changes and with the threat that federal aid would be withdraw, the county com missioners were given the choice of either granting the cliauge or stand ing the entire expense of the com pletion of the project under .con struction. "Contracts were drawn between the highway commission aud con tractors, on a basis of fifty-fifty. The county commissioners were required to pay over to the highway commis sion their half of the cost of the es timate of a project before work could be started, thus giving the highway commission funds enough to go ahead on a project, to complete 50 per cent of the work. If the yardage or the classification of the yardage ran over the estimated price, the county commissioners were charged with the amount, and were required to stand the charge as ex tra expeuse against the project, with out the ususl fifty-fifty basis being considered, thus having the expense of engineering inefficiency charged against the respective county road funds and causing the taxpayers ex peses that had not been bargained for. Thus, it is clearly evident that the working mechanism under the pres ent law, between the highway com mission and the contractors, lia* proven unsatisfactory to the several counties which have taken advant age of federal aid. "Another criticism the committee lias found is that njost of this com plete engineering force was retained during the winter months, with the explanation from th chief en gi seer that plans and specifications were under preparation for the next two years, and we feel, sisee several pro jects had to be abandoned on ac count of the inability of the coun ties to furnish funds, the unfavorable bosd conditions, the high cost of la bor and material, etc., that (lie high way commission showed a lack of business acumen in forging ahead without considering the taxpayers of the state. "What the taxpayers want to know is, viz.: What is the overhead ex pesse ot the highway commission? What is the highway commission costing the state? How many miles ot road bava been built? Is federal aid a benefit to tbe highway pro gram? Ia the present plan of a highway commission a success? Are the taxpayers getting efficient esgl neerlng through the highway com mision? % "With the above questions in mind, and taking a geseral survey of the situation, we beg to report fur ther: "Your committee finds that during the years of 1919 and 1920, the highway commission built 311 miles of road, at a cost of 83,211,683.9$. Tin's is the mileage total on complet ed and uscompleted projects. The above amount shows an average cost of over $10,000 per mile. There is ! still an additional 346.46 miles to l>o completed on jobs contracted for, which means at the contract price an expesdlture of over $3,000.000 for! 1921. "We also find that for the years! 1919 and 1920 the automobile li-t censes netted the highway commis sion $585,007.26, which means $l,-i 8S1 for each mile of road completed 1 (built) during the same period of time. In other words—the automo-i bile license money of the state estte l i the highway commission ever 18% ! for each mile of road built, for en gineering. ' j "Further investigation brought to ! the attention of your committ-? 1 that, to all estimates figured by thej highway commission on projects to ; be let, was added an additional 10% One-half of the 10% was paid by the I respective counties, and one-half bv the federal government for "eng.- ® neering and contingencies." Tin's ! 10% item was taken out at the vorv ! I eng.- j contingencies." This' taken out at the very start. For example—for an estimat ed $100,000 project, $55,000 was demanded from the county before work could be started, $5,000 of this 1 was taken for the highway commis sion and after the remainiug $50,-. 000 had been speut, and when more money was forthcoming from the 1 federal government for estimated 1 and completed work, another $5,009! was withheld out of the first money, sent to pay the contractor. It will ! be seen that the additional 10% all contracts, for 1919 and 1929 i gave the highway commission $321, 168.59 over aud above the auto îi- 1 cense money, which was ample to ! pay the salaries of the whole engin eering crew. , "The total amount of salaries for i the complete crew for the year 1 920 ■ was $287,956.66. During the month ; of Dcember. 1920, «tie complete force in the payroll numbered 175. The month of Oteober showed a, crew h 236, this being the highest for the year, and making an average of 180 individuals per mouth for the en tire year. Added to the salary of the complete force is an additional item of mileage books for the year 1920, amounting to $11,082.13, which again means an item of $4 0 to $50 more for railroad fare per each mile of road built during 1920. Whether thts amount is taken out of the 10% for 'engineering and contingencies" can oly bo determined by au expert accountant. "Your committee also finds upon a several occasions, engineers, who have been connected with the high way commission and who have help ed to figure out the estimates for contracts about to be let, had resign ed from the commission in order to ■ be allowed to bid on contracts. Your j emmittee feels that thts state of af fairs is not giving a square deal to ; competitive bidders and should he ' prohibited in the future." ------ I ! i $100 a Month Churchy Support Up to Wednesday night, a total sum of $100 per month had been pledged in Broadus toward the fi nancial support of the Commun,' ty Congregational church with the pro viso that the minister, Rev. Henry K. Waters, devote his entire time and attention to the local church except emergency calls to outlying districts and mid-week services when they would be expected to meet his ex penses. It is believed that another $50 a month will be supplied by the parent church, which will provide compen sation to keep a minister in the lo cal field. By this arrangement the church movement will be continued in Broadus and outlying districts and •11 will benefit alike. M. Harlan Is financial secretary tor the Broadus church and checks or money remittances tor the church support should he tendered to him. DLL SEIKO IS IHSI mm imi im According to Dr. C. H. Jamcr. county health officer, every school in Powder River county must pro vide adequate water supply for the teacher and schmars or suffer the penalty which would result in its sus pension. Such authority is given the health officer. It is stated that many trustees will comply with the laws in this respect and will have wells drilled. In some vicinities the health of the schools as a whole has been subject to impairment by using wa ter for drinking purposes from ques tionable sources. "There's no ifs and ands about this matter," said the health officer. "I propose to do my duty and protect the health of the teachers and schol ars unless the trustees comply witn the laws pertaining to sanitation and proper water supply." ! • 1 „ ,Sch ° o1 elections will be held gen i ralIy 1,1 the respec « v e distrffts of ! P ? wder H,ver counf Y Saturday,. Ap 2udl Sucl1 noticos should be j Posted at least ten days prior to the ! eIe t Ctl ?? s * 1 In the Loesel1 district it is report ed . l *} e Section will be one of espe ; ial interest and that a record vote Polled. I In District . N(X 7> ' embracing the coun ty seat, in addition to the trus ® to be elected, an additional levy ! ° f 7 mi,ls upon the Percentage val ! uation wiU be vote d upon for the I maintenance of schools. SCHORL [LEGUONS mi. mu 2 A New Schouol District Cieeteil j 1 1 1 - 0,1 Tuesday of this week, a con ! Terence with County Superintendent Florence Fitzpatrick resulted in tbe i creation °f a new scliol district from ^°- 7, to be known as District 8. 1 Moorhead is iu Distrid 7 and Bay ! Horse in No. 8. Trustees for the new district are , Fred Helm, Perry Murpliy, Dan Por: i " iuc aC( i H. B. Canon clerk. In atl ■ dition to them, Messrs. F. T. Kelsey, ; Ueo. Traub and C. TT. Huekins rep It resented District 7 in the negotia tions. The new school district comprises an area of three townships, leaving four townships in Ditrict 7, aud has a valuation of approximately on-a hundred and fifty thousand dollars. Necessary To Register Births The division of vital statistics of the state board of health has request- ed the U. S. Census Bureau to make a birth check during the month of April. This birth check will deter- mine whether or not one Is eligible to be admitted to the V. S. Reglstra- ■ tion Area for births, j i u order to be eligible we must demonstrate that we are securing au ; iverage of 90 per cent of all births ' occuring within the state during 1920. it is important that every birth iu I this county during 1920 be properly ! reported, whether with the assistance i of physicians or mid-wives. in Ferrets Like Prairie Dogs People living in the vicinity of Biddle have greatly benefited by the inhabitation of many families of fer rets. These animals are carnivorous, very slender of body and they ('spe cially relish a prairie dog menu. They are rather indisposed to work and would much prefer to find a hole already dug for them. They are rec ognized by prairie dogs as dangerous enemies and whole "towns" will be deserted on their approach. Coyote trappers last winter were sorry to catch a few of these ferrets but it was unavoidable. About ten years ago Mr. Biddle, then owner of the Cross 8 ranch, introduced a pair of ferrets in the vicinity and they have now multi plied to considerable proportions. MHEIREI01 FOI SEI UM The Powder River County Exami ner has word from Congressman Carl W. Riddick giving detailed in formation as to how the federal seed loan of $2,000,000 will he distribu ted iu Montana and North Dakota. The department, of agriculture lias charge of this tuufl and Is sendlos C. YV. Warburton to Fargo, N. D. ( where he will open temporary of fices to handle the work. The application blanks for loaus " HI be sent to the county agents In the territory where loans are need ed, who will distribute them. Appli cants will show the kind and amount of seed needed and number of acres available for planting. They will al so be required to answer questions showing that, they have machinery, horsepower and feed sufficient to handle the crop planned for. To save the cost of notary fees applicants must have the O. K. of the local com mittee of the federal farm bureau, or where there is no farm bureau, then of some other local committee of farmers. These local committees will forward su^h applications as they O. K. to the county agent in each county and he in turn will send them with proper endorsement to the agricultural department representa tive at Fargo. Here a disbursing of ficer will issue checks which will be mailed direct to applicants. T t has been decided than i'i per acre will be the maximum loaned for seed and no farmer will be loaned more than $200. The department < may exercise its right to loan a smaller amount than applied for In cases where that seems necessary. In every case the applicant must give a description of the land to be seeded and a mortgage on the crops to be raised. Flour Mill To Suspend Werk The Broadus flour mill will tem porarily suspend operations the latter part of this week and the miller, John Leno, will return to his pla're near Broadus to start farming work. It is said that some $3,000 worth of flour has accumulated at the mill and this must be disposed of before operations are resumed. Hard To Convict the Bootleggers After submitting evidence thought sufficient to convict, verdicts of ac- aquitted were returned in four cases tried in Miles City the past week, in which the defendants were charg- ed with unlawfully disposing of in- toxicating liquors. Several other cases of similar nature were dis- missed. Drive Overland To Pennsylvania About April 1, Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Hoflkins expect to start on a long trek from Broadus to Pennsylvania, driving six horses and a wagon on the long journey. They will go via Belle Fourche, S. D.; Minneapolis, and if ferry rates are not prohibi tive they expect to get quite a lift via the Great Lakes water route. They estimate about three months to be spent tn before reaching their destination. Arriving there they will else use them iu farm work. Mr. devote their time to farming on land owned by Mrs. Hopkins' relatives, and will probably ne absent from this county indefinitely. Government Trapper Resigns His Job Lewis Bakken, government trap per who hag been exterminating predatory wild animals on Otter creek the past several months, has returned to his home on Powder river. According to reports he has tendered his resignation as govern ment trapper and in the future will devote his time to other pursuits. Mr. Bakken has had much success In destroying coyotes, bobcats and other wild animals, and at different times has held records in this work.