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Start the WinterSjwgye Immense Stocks of General Merchandise. Replete With Nearly Everything, Are in Broadus Stores % The Powder River County Examine VolumeIV Numbers and The Broadus Independent £ Broadus, Montana, Friday, November 18, 1921 $2 Per Y< mm BOUNTY OR PRAIRIE DOGS "The most- effective manner of all for the extermination of prairie dog pests," said Herbert W. Draine while in town Tuesday, "would be to allow a small bounty on each pelt. Even at a minimum of S cents, each, both men and boys could make good wages trapping these pests and there would bo somo Incentive for them to Invade unappropriated cr public lands where as under present conditions there Isn't much use In trying to' keep the dogs off one's own premises for they soon emigrate from adjoining lands. With every means at cur command, with poisoned bait, rifles and traps, we would wage a deadly warfare against the "dogs" that would eradicate them In a year's time." If the entire country could be di vorced 'from prairie dogs within suclv a length of time there would be merit in Dralne's recommendation. Each "dog" every year eats at least a dol lar's worth of feed that would other wise serve as nourishment for cattle. And the damage to the country by. the boles is not even estimated. Neither is it known how great the holes prove a menace to horses, cattle and riders as well as automobiles for sometimes the bores nre built directly in the roads. A conservative estimate places the number of prairie dogs in this county at 30,000, meaning an annual depre dation by them valued at that many dollars. Their extermination at 5 cents each would cost $1,500 and would well be worth the price to the country. Even if the bounty were allowed five times as much as suggested by Draine there would remain over $20.000 the first year that *woud have a market valuaticn in beef instead of that much allowed prairie dogs of no commer cial value or asset whatsoever. The source of payment for bounties en prairie dogs has not yet been rec ommended. JUSTICE COURT WEEKLY GRIST Justice court In Broadus townsit before C. C. Craw. Not being able to produce his wit nesses last Saturday, the case of How ard Potter was oentinued until < this afternoon at 1 o'clock. A warrant his arrest on a petit larceny charge was sworn out on October 30 by Olaf Kelley and he was taken into custcdy the following dny. He pleaded not guilty at his arraignment and in de fault of $50 bail has been languishing lu the county Jail. Potter's home is on Ten Mile. Iloy Shockey of Camps l'uss was discharged and his case dismissed as the result cf a trial at Flattery's res taurant Friday afternoon. He was arrested November 2 on a petit larceny charge* preferred by Mrs. Eva M. Ott and at his ' arraignment November 4, pleaded not guilty. His father, George W. Shockey, and Hans Peterson signed his $100 bail bonds, insuring ills pres ence«- for trial Saturday afternoon, At the trial, witnesses for the prose cution were George Ott, Mrs. Eva M Ott, John Popp and Pyrlc Melville and for the defense, Oliver Leveque, Al bert MacGovern, Arthur Shockey and the defendant. Shockey had been ac cused of the theft of 160 rods of wire from a fence owned by Mrs. Ott. who placed its value at $10. Shockey proved his Innocence to the satisfac Mon of the court In that barbed wire he had used had been taken from fence under his own control and that a wagon be was driving in the vicln tty of the Ott fence was taken to Stacey after a load of lumber and re turned the same way, without stop ping at the Ott place. Leveque was with him on the trip and corroborated his statement. Shockey testified -he took the Wire off his own fence prior to the time that Mrs. Ott charged him with stealing the top »wire front her ,/ence. Frank Jouvenat and John Shasky were arrested at the B-Dtvide Novem ber 15 on warrant sworn out by Ed Clay which charged them with dis turbing the peace .on November 12, by fighting and using profane language in the presence cf a woman, Llsile Clay. Jouvenat and Shasky were ar rainged Tuesday afternoon, pleaded not guilty and stood ready for trial that resulted in their discharge and their case dismissed. They testified that they had returned a herd of cattle to Clay fer they had overrun Jouvenat' pasture on adjoining land. Clay was accused of knowing this condition by Having ridden on the Jouvenat land where the cattle were graxlng. Clay dented this knowledge, calling both men liars with two adjectives, so the testimony shewed. And further when Clay grabbed for a rock Mrs. Clay appeared on the scene, yelling to her husband to brain the !?!?!?? and when Jouvenat admonished her to "cut It out," she turned on him with an outburst of profanity and threats, never took such abuse in my life from anyone," said Jouvenat "but I stood for It with this exception for I roe ognised her sex. I am net the first man however that she has abased In that manner hut this wae my first ex« perience with her." In the meantime, Hbaaky had tripped Clay and was on top of him. merely holding the hand that was grasping the rock. Clay not struck, according to the evidence, and the only brnisee he suffered was on his fingers where they came In con tact with the. stone. Jouvenat said he did not dlamount and later rode away with Shasky. WHEAT PRICKS Minneapolis, Hov. 14. — Cash Mo. northern $1.14-1.14. (Miles City cash price $1 cents less.) WITHOUT MINISTER Sunday religious services without the presence of an ordained minister will be an experiment .to be tried by Brcadus starting with ' next Sunday evening. The suggestion was advanced by Rev. Elmer H. Johnson of Billings. Congregational church organiser of Montana on the occasion of his visit to this community last Saturday and Sunday. He gave the assurance that minister would be appointed to the Broadus parish as soon as possible, but pending this action a Community Church club could he organised to have Jurisdiction ever Sunday religious services. Practically everyone was in accord 1th the idea and the club was organ ised with the election cf officers as follows: President, J. 1. Westphal; ice president, Mrs. A. W. Heiilel: sec retary-treasurer, B. W. Peterson: class leader, D. F. DeLap. Program com mittee—D. F. DeLap, Mrs. H. R. Cook, Mrs. L. It. Warren, Miss Ethel Sum mers, J. D. Williams. The first meeting of the club will bo held next Sunday evening at the high school building, starting promptly at :30 c'ciock, and of course, the public in general Is welcome. A considerable part of the hour will be devoted to singing. The lesson topic for discus sion will be "The Christian Endeavor Evangelist." Everybody is cordially invited to attend and lend a hand to ward making every meeting worth while. The club has decided to adopt for study a book entitled, "Serving the Neighborhood," divided into six chap ters, as follows: "The Church—a Neighboring Institution, "Home-mak ing a Christian Calling," "Education Through Hay," "Community Civics," Some- Successful Churches." Two dozen books were ordered and the class will begin the study as soon ns they arrive. Rev. Johnson arrived here Saturday vening and held a service at the high school building, but the attendance was not as expected owing to few knowing of the meeting. On Sunday morning Rev. Johnson was greeted by large crowd of youngsters and adutts in their regular Sunday school service and following this a fair size crowd was present at church services. Rev. Johnson spoke chiefly on what was be ing dene by the Congregational church throughout Montana. Among other projects, $15.000 is being raised by subscription, $10,000 of which is to he used for missionary wo rk and the re maining $5,000 for HtS ercctler: -of a church at Missoula principally for the benefit of university students. The Broadus parish has been requested to assist In raising this fuiid and it lias already pledged about $40.00 for that purpose. SMALL BUNCH OF RANGE HOHSES NOT WORTH TAXES Rather than Invoke legal machinery, for tlie collection of county tuxes against a bunch of common range horses, County Treasurer J. T. Wilson is allowing them to leave the county unmolested. The horses could bo in tercepted but their upkeep would be «t county expense and should it be necessary to sell them at public auc tion it is probable Powder River coun ty would be the solo bidder for there is no demand for such horse flesh. The horses in question are owned by Mcnroe of Ekalaka and are being moved there from 'Big Powder river by a young man named Miller. Orig inally there were 75' head of horses brought here three years ago, but now only 31 head are being taken out. As sessed against Monroe fer the 75 head of horses was about $20 in county entire number and probably an increase were being moved from the county without payment of taxes, County Treasurer Wilson on Tuesday commis sloned M. T. Wiley to investigate and endeavor to collect the *20 iif taxes. There was nc< explanation for the deficit of 44 missing head. Whtle no one will regret the mov ing of this bunch of range horses from the county without payment of taxes It does not establish a precedent fer had Monroe owned other property in the county the taxes would have been transferred thereon but In this particular instance the range horses were all the property owned in this county by Monroe and to collect the $20 for taxes would Involve more than that sum In county expense. At the ranch of W. T. Waite Wed nesday morning the Monroe horses were inspected by John K. Marsh as prpvlded by law and they were allow ed to proceed across the county line, PETER THOMPSON HOLDS A CONGRESSIONAL HONOR MEDAL Peter Thompson of Alzada is one of the 60 men in the United States hold lng the coveted congressional medals of honor which was awarded him in 1878 In recognition of gallant conduct and bravery on the Big Hern at the time General Caster's command was annihilated by the Indians. The only other man in Montana holding such a medal of honor la Thomas J. Ward of Orest Falla. Both men were guests cf the government at Washington on Armistice day and had a prominent position In the big parade, marching at the head of the column directly fol lowing President Harding. That taxes will .be delinquent on the 80th day of November, 1811, at MM » U» County Treasurer —«If/ puujc mn tie m % (Editorial.) In a campaign of publicity in which the Examiner has occupied the lead among the newspapers, public sentiment has crystallized against the unlawful traffic in horses and cattle in southeastern Montana, for there are fewer animals being stolen now than ever before known. And the amazement is heightened by the knowledge that, this result lias been achieved without resort to process of law, unless we concede that law really is defined as public sentiment. There have been no ar rests and no trouble in inducing the rustlers to "lay off." How long the present conditions will obtain, no one knows but to make it permanent means continued publicity and vigilance on the part of the newspapers, officials, stockmen and the pub lic in general. Such an experiment conducted by the Examiner opens.a field of endeavor for reputable newspapers and proves the power of the press is feared by criminals and must be courted by public officials. Neither the newspapers or officials assume the initiative until they have the assurance of co-operation and support of the people, so that it really rests with the people themselves for the conditions that obtain for they are able to condemn or foster any public or private undertaking. The Examiner became their oracle in voicing their disapproval of horse and cattle rustling. Anyone not familiar with the method employed by thieves might ask if they are known to be abroad why are they allowed to go unmolested? The answer is easy. In order to cause the legal arrest of one who is suspected of law violation there must be some worthwhile evidence against them. From the fact that southeastern Montana is sparsely ettled in localities the thieves have' been able to work with out detection. Even when arrests have been made the influ ence of the rustlers has kept evidence from the officials and it has been difficult to secure convictions Heretofore there lias been little co-operation on the part of the public with officials in prosecuting such actions, but conditions have changed for the better. It might be that in former days when times and conditions were different rustlers "sponged off" cattle outfits and in reprisals these outfits replenished their herds by pick ing up strays and there was almost a continuous merry-go *ound in cattle rustling, but it 1 such conditions exsted then, tines have changed. The livestock industry is now practically on a legitimate basis and mast continue as such for officials and stockmen will countenance no further depredations by outlaws for there is legal machinery available to keep closer watch. It is not the intention of the Examiner to drive any suspected horse or cattle rustler from the country. There would be quite an exodus of stockmen wer(* the ones who have engaged in this practice of both recent and past dates to "pick up and get out." In fact the Examiner encourages these men to forget any past activity in stealing horses and cattle, pledging them selves to stop now, stay stopped and engage in peaceful pur suits whereby they may become honorable citizens, building up their communities and using their better influences for the improvement of moral and social conditions. Such is our interpretation of Attorney General Rankin's statement, "clean up on them;'.' not by physical force but through moral suasion to make them come clean, or to use a vernacular expression of the day, to make them "square shooters." Another development for the suppression of unlawful traffic in horses and cattle is a lessening feeling of hostility between the alleged gang of thieves and the officers. Only a few weeks ago the public was prepared to hear accounts of gun fights and killings but it seems that such deplorable con tingency. lias been successfully bridged with better .judgment prevailing Agitators have .been conspicuous by their ab sence so far and should they make their presence known in the future they should be suppressed for their words and ad vice betray them as having no good intentions. An added development that the public is expecting and awaiting is consolidation of differences between Carter county officials and state officers. They should have everything in common for we believe both sides are working for the same objective for the permanent protection of stockmen against depredations by thieves. Whatever differences exist between them are of only minor consequence and we believe could be entirely eliminated by them getting together for a mutual understanding ADDITI ONAL LOCALS Stockmen of Ingomar have organized a Livestock Loan association in order to secure funds from the War Finance association. The Federal Reserve bank at Min neapolis lias lowered the red'seount rate from 6 to 5 là per cent. Billy Broaddus returned yesterday from the head of Bay Horse creek, where he is running 200 head of cat tle on a school section lease from Phil Keffler. He continued on to Miles City and will spend Thanksglvtng there with his family. Bob Fudge, foreman for Frank Wilbur, accompa nied Broaddus to Miles City and will be in that vicinity for a month. Mrs. C. 8. Elnsel and Mis. A. W. Heldel were joint hostesses to the Ladles' Aid society at the Powder River hotel yesterday afternoon. With the temperature around IS de grees a half an inch fall of snow was noted in Broadus Wednesday night. L. C. Hoffman, a tobacco salesman, transacted business in Brcadus Wed nesday. "Little Tex" MacDowell from Plnlele was In towa Wednesday. John Lemson, a sawmill operator from Stacey was In town Wednesday, Miss Williams Is at Bayes for a week-end visit with frlcuds and rela tives. J, J. Jacobs and son from Moorhead were In town Wednesday and Thura day. • The Loesch contingent in town Tuesday Included Joe Meyers. Vernon Lockwood and C. V. Glrk. BI-WEEKLY MAIL SERVICE TO THE GRAHAM POSTOFFICE Peter J. Hanks was awarded a con tract for carrying the mail from Broadus to Graham postoffice and made the initial trip Wenesday of this week. This contract was let for $325 a year and is for a bi-weekly service, Wednesdays and Saturdays. This con tract expires with all other contracts July I next year. The route is ever the county road to a point where it branches off to the Graham postoffiee and its total distance is 15 miles. in in C0ALW00D The "600 club meet" at Mr. and Mrs. Lawson's is hard to tell about and do justice tc< the affair. An unusually large number were present and there wasn't a dull moment from "tw<r till dawn." The regular play lasted till midnight, five tables playing. T. E. Wilson carried off high honors with his wito next, while Fay Allen got the little one. After a supper that • simply immense the floors were oleared and the big dance was on. If any one present failed to enjoy them selves they've been keeping awfully quiet. As royal entertainers, Mr. and Mrs. Lawson can't be heat. The Murray school had regular work Armistice day up until noon. Af ter the picnic dinner came a short pro gram consisting of patriotic songs and appropriate readings by all present. Remember the Ladles' Aid bazaar and chicken pie supper at Coalwood. December 8th. IT ROAD WORK HERE f'nge Charley Lewis of Broadus as the first volunteer in road work with out compensation. There was no peti tion circulated by him and there was no organization back of him; neither was he impelled to do the work with promise of some reward or pecuniary gain. He had ion gbeen aware of the abominable conditicn of the road from the Big Powder river bridge to Broadus for he had heard numerous complaints and had himself bumped over the sandy chuck holes, ivn experi ence of itself that was offered ns a sure cure for appendicitis. And Lewis tco was well aware of the depleted tondition of the county road fund which precluded any repair work. So >n Tuesday morning after the rain and mow the road uns ïri fair condition for dragging. Lewis himself has his time fully occupied almost day and night with the local hostelry and so he pays a man to do chorea at the ranch. Glenn Yarger is kept, on the Jump there doing routine work and odd jobs but on Tuesday fqjcnocn it seems that was a prospect of him and his teams having a few leisure hours. And it waa rather a coincidence, too, that the condition of the road was ripe for dragging. How sc ever the two conditions were oppor tune and as Lewis could not forsake his work at the hotel he magnani mously transferred Yarger to the road work, borrowing a drag from the county. His secret did net last for long for travelers over the road re ported what he was having done on his own initiative but for the benefit of tlie public weal. Due to the pro tracted dry spelt this read had been demoralized with holes and sand that made it almost Impassible. A few hours' labor reinstated it in fairly good condition. Lewis' lead in thus improving the roads Is to be commended and his ex ample is ene that must be emulated everywhere in the county for a year if the roads are to be kept in shape. Sending the substitute at his own ex pense is the same as doing the work himself. There are no available coun ty funds for even the necessary re pair of county roads and 't is preb abie such financial condition will ob tain for the next year. PETTY THIEVERY William C. McClintock of MUes City writes a Broadus party as follows: "One of the small factors which go to make up the things which will hurt the credit of the farmers and land owners in eastern Montana is the petty larceny that gees on with fences and buildings on vacant land. "The eastern Investor who Is unfor tunate enough to make a poor loan and get stuck with the land, finds that good part of his security was in buildings and improvements, which which seme of the neighbors have de stroyed or moved away. Naturally, when someone else, in that community asks for a renewal of a farm loan or a new loan, he does not feel Justified in putting his mcney out. "The National Farm Loan associa tion will find tlie same depreciation in their securities as will the state of Montana. It seems to me that the farmers would realize that they can not tolerate that sort of dishcncsty in their neighborhood. It is all very well to sit back and laugh at the idea that the farm mortgage grafter has been robbed of a building, but when that same thievery effects our own credit and makes us pay a higher rate cf in terest for a small loan, it is not quite so funny. This is one of the things where I believe the farmers' co-oper ation can accomplish something. "In the old days, the livestock men have found that it was necessary to combine to prevent rustling. During this year, we have seen a lot of petty rustling started and it was a joke to see that some non-resident was hav ing his calves stolen, but the last few months has seen a change in this and stockmen are showing their wisdom in eembining to wipe out the rustlers. "It used to be the boast of Montana in the old days that a man co'uld leave his house door unlocked: in fact, he was considered a poor citizen whe did not do so. Do the new settlers wish to admit that they are not of the enliber of the pioneers? W. C. McCLINTOCK "Miles City, Mont., Ncv. 4, 1921" in at. in a be it BROADUS FLOUR DROPS TO 84J» A SACK The local retail price of Broadus flour the past week was reduced 60 cents to $4.25 for a 98-pound sack due to the decline in the wheat mar ket quotations. The Broadus flour is maintaining its satisfied cust mers and new cnes are being added almost dally. The sup ply of sacks became exhausted and appeared that a temporary shutdown would be necessary but on Monday 100 sacks arrived to relieve the shortage and assurances were received that an other 1,000 sacks were en route here Many loads cf wheat have been re ceived by the mill here In exchange for flour and It is reported the wheat supply now on hand is about the same as When the mill started grinding sev étal months ago. The superior .quality of flour, together with fair and ccur teous treatment by milling company officiait la Increasing the demand for the local mill products. MONEY II ALFALFA AND CLOVER SEED On botli irrigated and so-called dry land tracts this year money was mad« in Powder River county by growing botli alfalfa and clover seed. From alfalfa seed one man on Little Powder river realized $5,000 and another man at. Coal wood nearly $000. There ara other instances where these seeds brought good money in spite of the prevailing drouth and grasshopper plague. There is no doubt that money realised from the sale of alfalfa and clover seed this year was carried more profits than returns received by the stockmen for beef cr by farmers from sale of small grains. As a result of these experiences next year will witness a large acreage in this county planted to these feeds primarily for their seeds, for if money could be made by their propogatlon this year under adverse conditions that obtained they may be grown with equal or better success in any year. Alfalfa clover seed is known to yield a minimum of ftur bushels average to the acre and figuring 60 pounds to the bushels at 17 cents a pound the money receipts arc known to be at least $25 per acre. There are thousands of ucres within this county capable of produc ing such returns in one season for there are those who arc making the land pay them as much by actual dem onstrations on unselected land. And the land yielding $25 an acre some times adjoins land in wheat or corn that is barely paying Its taxes. Jn sowing alfalfa seed the invest ment is small for It only requires about five pounds of seed to the acre. Alfalfa seed may be planted in the spring but to get an early start and be assured that the seed is in the ground there are those who Intend planting the seed yet this fall for they realize that delays may be caused in tlie spring by wet weather. However, it is known that June plantings have matured to the seed stage. In addi tion to realizing goed returns for the sale of seed there remains the rough age which is an excellent stock food and as such brings an additional rev enue. Anyone having experience in grow ing alfalfa or clover seed will benefit their neighbors and the entire country by disseminating this information through the columns of tlie Examiner. "There is no secret in growing al falfa." said one farmer this week. "But one must first have the ground in first class condition by summer fallowing, owing deep and working it several times with discs. Virgin ground may planted to alfalfa if under the pro procedure and alfalfa will grow and yield results on arid land the same as under irrigation if one attends business. It sometimes happens at alfalfa plants will winter kill be cause of subzero weather but that is beyond cur control. When such con ditions arise it isn't much trouble to -seed the tracts for we are amply compensated for our efforts. I hapt en alfalfa grbwn from seed thrown indiscriminately around, but it seems flourish better when planted in rows. One man I know made the mis take, however, of planting the rows too far apart for the experiment was not a success. For best results I ould recommend planting the rows abeut 21 inches apart." Seed from clover has a larger yield than alfalfa seed but sells for less at cents a pound. It may be that lover is a more dependable crop and quires less attention but it has Its objections for one reason at least, in that it dies cut every two years. To get desired results clover seed must be planted in the fall. BROADUS TO HAVE BIG DANCE FLOOR Within a few days a dance floor will be installed in Broadus that will fill a long felt public want. Arrange ments have been completed for laying this dance floor at Shorty's Garage and it will become a permanent im provement. The flooring will consist of four-inch seasoned native pine lum ber manufactured by Semson & Dick son at their sawmill near Stacey and will be hauled to Broadus within the next week. The floor will measure 39 by 74 feet, ample tc accommodate the largest crowds, and in addition there will be a 12-foot stage at one end of the auditorium. There will be other alterations in the building to make it comfortable for the public. In cluding a new front entrance and a chimney for stoves; an overhead lum ber celling. The community is back of Milton Turley in thuB converting his garage into an auditorium for public usage. Turley has promised to assume en tire responsibility fer the reputation this dance hall will bear and he In sists it must and will be of the best. He will not tolerate the use of moon shine or other intoxicating drinks on his premises and will resort to legal prosecution if necessary to enable » to run a decent and respectable dance hull. There will be no rowdyism or drunkenness allowed at the dance for Turley himself will officiate as floor manager and when he says the dances must be respectably conducted he means It, And public sentiment endorses his attitude in this respaet. George Taylor and Ted Wilson of the Broadus Mercantile company want to Ranchcreek Wednesday and sub stituting for them kept Charley uih > busy with the trade.