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Helena, Mont. In Addition to; Cattle Rustling, Public Sentiment Is Also Crystallizing Against Gambling and "Moonshine" The Powder River County Examiner and The Broad us Independent Volume IV Number 6 Broadus, Montana. Friday, November 25, 1921 $2 Per Tear SUBZERO WEATHER AND SHOV STORM Subzero weather, Hollowed by a snowstorm. brought this country to a full realization the past week that the winter season was getting' under good headway. The cold weHther started with a week ago with a minimum of ft and a maximum of 2t. On Saturday, the min imum was 16 below zero and the max imum temperature 9 above. Sunday the lowest was 4 and the highest 14. Monday saw 4 below as the coldest and 4 above as tho maximum and on Tuesday ft was only 1 above as the minimum and 23 above as the maxi mum. On Wednesday the weAther had greatly moderated and the surface c-f the snow started to melt. During the week the snow's water content meas ured .58 of an inch, while in depth it was about eight inches. Such are the records compiled by A. W. Heldel, local weathev observer. Ip the Stacey country tho snow was 24 inches deep; at. IMnto it was eight inches deep, but from reports received the general depth of the snow was around 12 inches deep. Snow drifted across roads making traffic difficult until shoveled away or bucked through. While the roads arc not blocked to traffic, passage over them Is much more difficult, and has resulted in de layed mail schedules and the schools have been sorely pressed to operate, especially in instances where teachers and schclars lived any great distances from the school houses. Cattle were generally put on feeding rations except the ones which were in pastures and cottlrt forage for them selves from grass that stood above the snow. Powder river In the vicinity of Frcadus froze over Saturday night and was crossed with team and wagon on Monday. The ice on Tuesday was re ported about two inches thick. In places the ice had net yet formed over the riffles or was very thin, making general travel over ^he ice a danger ous undertaking. Clrattksgifrrog fiThank God «vary morning when yon get np^that you have something to do whfcsh tonst he done whether yon like it or not. Being forced to do yonr best will breed in yon temperance» self-control, diligence, strength of will, content, and a hundred vir tues which the idle will never know.—Kingsley trt Tfcaaks giving Fill the Ur When bluebirds titltcd graceful heads Above the graceful violet beds; When robins hid their turquoise gems, And .berries hung from silken stems; When doves were cooing on the eaves. And pearls were set in iris leaves; When o'er the nests the thrushes sang. And curfew harebells lightly rang. You saw, in all, God's Icvlng care. Then let Thanksgiving fill the air! And unto Him your love declare. When bills turned golden in a night, And fields showed colors warm and bright; When perfumes met in wayside streets To tell of cherished autumn sweets; When memories came thick and fast To bring the harvest cf the past. The fruited Joys of all the years— To cover griefs and sigs and tears, You saw and felt God's love and care. Then let Thanksgiving fill the air! And unto Him your love declare. —Minnie K. Hayes. The spit it of people in Pcwder River county, while it seems to have wavered through a series of reverses, is good, and on this Thanksgiving day they are not forgetful of the blessings bestowed upen them in past years and they are reverently beseeching their God to endow them with strength and courage to continue the battle of life. on of the go as At up THOU SANDS OF DOkkAHS ROLLING IN FOR TAXES—NOV. SOT It I. AST DAY With Wednesday. November 30th, fast approaching as tha final date on which taxes may be paid to escape the penalty and Interest for delinquency, the office of County Treasurer J. T. Wilson Is receiving; thousands cf dot lore every day In tax money. Most of the receipts have been from outside parties boldine or controlling property in this county and every mail has brought cashier's cheeks and money orders. Very few If any personal chaoks or county warrants have been received for the payment of taxes. Where personal checks have been tendered, the tax receipt is not Is sued unto the check has been return' ed for collection and is known to ho good. This condition may delay Is «nance of tho receipt until after the time- allotted fer payment, thereby throwing the property owner on the delinquent list. Rssldsat taxpayers are known to de Ipy payment of their obligations In this respect until almost the last min ute and If the same conditions apply this paar there wtll.be a grand rah to tho treasurer's office Tu esd ay and Wednesday o i next week. Last year the treasurer's office collected la ever MM >I m the last day, November Mth. Stock Isepsoters Frank Parks of Makar and Mly RJtehardson were In town Wednesday. IMEHBI DIET KHK MNMCa Heme people of Powder River county were shocked to hear of a family sub sisting on a diet of horseflesh for want of funds ip procure bief, but their consteriiatfen was minimized by the information - that Europeans are clamoring for canned horse. And there is no one to argue why horseflesh should not he as welcome as beef, for the reason that herses are ob clean in their feed as cattle and noticeably much more so than hogs or poultry. And another questicu is being asked, how many times have wo eaten horse and relished it, knowing it as such, or deceived in the belief it was beef? Conversion into canned meat of 250,006 useless range horses of Mon tana is a probability cf the coming year, it is announced by Dr. W. J. Rutli.!', state veterinarian, upon his re turn from eastern eitles, where he conferred with promoters of a "horse packing plant'' in this state. The market for the output is as sured. One exporting company has agreed to accept at the port of New York all the'horse meat products that can he turned out here. Dr. Gutter said. It will be shipped to Prance, Germany, Belgium, Holland and other European nations where horseflesh is prized as an article of daily diet. Many persons there prefer It to beef, and It is believed htrze meat can he sold there at about half the price of beef, so a ready sale seems certain. Horse sausage, horse hash, corned horse and roast horse in cans, similar in preparation (only) to the bulk pack ages of beef put up fer the army in the World War, will form the princi pal marketable commodities of the proposed pony packing plant. Ship ment of frozen sides or quarters is to be followed in the same procedude as American beef is shipped to Dr. But ler and are on exhibition at his office in the livestock building at the state capitol. Persons eager to give the salad oil a trial may no doubt share this supply with Dr. Butler. There are also on exhibition there samples of the other horseflesh prod ucts it is proposed to manufacture hare on a large scale. The promoters have spent more than 2150,000 In making laboratory tests and canning experi ments with horseflesh. Dr. Butler said. Experts employed by the promoters have gone Into big American packing plants and studied canning, methods there. These methods bave t^dn been adapted to horseflesh. The move Is simply a business prop osition in supplying a market for cheaper meat in Europe. Its economic advantages to Montana lie in the re moval of a quarter of a million useless horses that now are consuming wild hay that would keep an equal number of cattle. In addition, it will bring to the state an amount of rash that will go a long way toward tiding over the industrial depression. The industry will provide, employment for many people. A proposition to ultilize these horses as food for Europe was under way a couple of years ago, Dr. Butler said. At that time the Bank of England was behind the promoters. The fall in the exchange value of the pound sterling made the British bankers refuse to put up their money at American rates, and the project fell through. It has now been revived, with American backing and the state veterinarian believes, from assurances given him while In the cast, that there is every proba bllity the plan will be a success this time. is CUTER UURIT 0MRT CONTINUE» Tl SPRING Judge Stanley E. Felt at Ekalaka on Monday of this week continued the entire term of district court for Carter county until next spring, taking such action on account cf recent weather disturbances which interfered with general travel. Poker Jim Roberta had been sum moned to appear in court at Ekalaka on Saturday, the 19th, to have his case set for trial at the coming term of court. He failed to make appearance and Judge Felt is said to have waited for him until 10 o'clock Monday morn ing. At that time Roberts was still absent and the judge continued his case, together with the Grimes mur der case and ail others on the docket until the spring term of court. Trial Jurors from over Carter county had been subpoenaed to appear in Ekalaka for the term of court commencing next Tuesday. Poker Jim Roberts had been arrested on a grand larceny charge for the al leged theft of a horse owned by Mrs. Matilda Price, residing near Ridge, and was released on $2.000 bail bends signed by L. M. Osgood. Mrs. Francis H. Harri«. Andrew Anderson, and Har lan Butts. DANCE FLOOR kUMRER ON THE WAY TO BROADUS A week ago Jerome Gould. John Lemson and Virgil Dixon were sup' posed to have started from the lum ber, mill near Stacey with titrée wag cne heavily leaded with dance floering and dimension lumber which will be used In converting Shorty's Garage Into a publie auditorium. The men had not yet arrived Wednesday eight, the de lay earning them to lay over at some place along tho route. There Is no doubt locally that tho lumber will he received In plenty of time to carry out plana tor the big bazaar, show and dance. December 10, given under an«' pices of-the LadleaT AM Bed sty. A penny saved Is a penny taxed.—Ex. by of (Editorial.) Moonshine, adopted BA the name for an illicit intoxicating beverage, and gamblikg go hand-in-hand, for where the one is found there is also the other. AVhether in contravention of the statutes or not there remains the fact that the public sen timent is frowning against both practices in this county and they must sooner or lator go by the boards. Gambling has existed for ages and doubtless w ill resist every effort for its complete suppression in the future, and perhaps the same condition will obtain in unlawful liquor traf fic, but both will be tabooed by law-abiding citizens and the ones who engage in those practices will be sought out and prosecuted the same as other violators of the law. While gambling and moonshining are linked together it does not necessarily follow that advocates of one are advocates of the other but it does follow that- where one exists there is also to be found both evils. Both are manipulated, sometimes in the open, sometimes with all secrecy and subterfuge, de pending upon the tibae and place and participants involved. Because the burden of proof is upon the state or the peo ple themselves in procuring' convictions and because there is insufficient evidence to convict "beyond all reasonable doubt," the advantage is always in favor of tho law-violators when brought to trial. In a sparsely settled country such as tiiis, there is another influence always redounding to the advantage of a prisoner on trial. The chances arc good that lie has a wife and family or other dependents and friends and neighbors obligated to him for favors rendered, and they know the imposition of a heavy fine or jail imprisonment would punish innocent mem bers of his family as well. But these same friends and neigh bors are bringing pressure to hear against the continuance of traffic in liquor and resort, to gambling games. Where this sentiment is not, recoguizeu there remains no doubt that the law will be impressed into service and allowed to take its course whatsoever the consequences might be. The eighteenth constitutional amendment forbidding liquor for a long time was rot accepted by the people at large but lately they haver been giving it more serious thought and consideration arid are becoming convinced that it is for the best interests and rather thgn antagonize it further they are becoming its adherents and supporters, insisting in its oh iiujuusmm* ui impur i«a " iuhkbv wiiiioui uepnvmg min or dependents of nece|i*ry living expenses or otherwise ring a hardship on oth&$ and use of these Intoxicants af self or working fords only temporary satisfaction Neither can a man take chances at the card table for the practice is a violation of the law and like "moonshining" when carried to excess, innocent parties suffer. There is no question that perfectly good money is taken out of general circulation by these evils so that the public in general is the loser and as such is an interested party. An influence tending toward the betterment of conditions may be exerted by women and young ladies especially pertaining to the liquor traffic for hereafter they will decline to dance with any man under the influence of liquor. With liquor elim inated at public dances both in Broadus ami other communi ties in the county one of the biggest sources of revenue in the "moonshine" traffic will be lost. TWO TRIAI.S l.V JUSTICE COURT. BOTH I1R AU J All. SENTENCES court In BrouUus township Justice before C. C. Craw. Howard H. Potter after a trial Fri day was found guilty of a petit lar ceny charge preferred by ©laf Kelly and was sentenced to serve 30 days in the county jail. He was represented by Attorney A. TV, Heldel and the prosecution was conducted by County Attorney N. A. Burkey. Testimony was introduced to shew that missing ar ticles were found on Potter's place on Ten Mile, a pair of work shoes under some wienie edges and a hatchet and riveting stammer in the straw stack. While unable to explain the presence of these articles Potter admitted hav ing worn the shots. Witnesses for the prosecution were Olaf Kelly. R. T. Ah bott, Claude Anderson and E. L. Mann. Potter only took the stand in his own defense. Bill Watt had been sub poenaed and was present but was not used as a witness. Bill Ayles. another witness for the defense eculd not be found at the time the subpoena was issued. Sam F. Harris of tiie western por tion of the county, o »Saturday re ceived a suspended 30-day ajil sent' enco for obtaining money under false pretenses. The warrant was issued November 5 at the'Instance of the Ep sie Mercantile company. Harris is at tending a government schocl at Boze man receiving vocational training as a civil engineer and on his arrest there last Saturday by Sheriff Sutter obtain ed a week's leave of absence. On ap' pearance In justice court here he ad mttted issuing a check for $33.75. get ting it cashed by the Epsie Mercantile company August 25 and turning the money over to a man with whom he had a business deal. Soon afterward he received orders to report for voca tional training at Bozeman and oh September 1 drew the balance cf hl« money from the-Aahlnd bank and went away in the belief that alt outstand ing cheeks had been cashed. He did not receive à statement of his account when drawing hie balance from the hank, neither did he receive any can celled vouchers end was unaware that the cheek in question had not yet been cashed. Harris also explained that three ether parties Indebted to him had iRomlscd to deposit money to hie ereilt nt the Ashland bank which would ma p s than take care of tko •82.75 chock but at the present time he had not been advtaed whether they had met their obligations. is BII.I. HtTUHARDSON HAS AIRDALE AS COMPANION Bill Ritchardson, the strenuous stock inspecte»* who has been stirring up the animals on Powder river and in the range country in southern Carter coun ty, was in Ekalaka a c-ouple of days this week and went over into the "en emy's country" with his dog and gun. He carries tiie gun on the outside cf his car and the dog on the inside. The animal is an Airedale of high degree and most distinguished ancestry. lie is from the famous Caswell kennels of Toledo, Ohio, and a brother cf Tresi dent Harding's Airedale. IBs father was brought from Europe by the wife of "Lucky" Baldwin. As a sentinel and body guard he Is beyond price, and there is some question as to whether the inspecter could continue long in the business without the aid and com fort of this alert and watchful atly. Ekalaka Eagle. LIVESTOCK LOAN ASS'S. ORGANIZED IN HEI.F.NA Helena.— At the call of T. A. Marlow of Helena, a mooting of Montana bank era was hold here Friday, at which It was decided to originate a livestock and lodn corporation, with a capita! of 9250,000. Mr. Marlow was elected tom porary chairman, and T. O. Hammond of Helena temporary secretary. Mr. Marlow tcld of his recent trip to Washington, D. O., in the interest of Montana's stockmen and said that at a meeting with the executives of the war finance board. Chairman Meyer strongly emphasized the advisability of organizing a loan company with paid-in capital stock, through which applications for livestock loans would submitted direct to the Washington beard with the endorsement of this Montana loan company, thus obviating the necessity of a bank endorsement. LADIES* AID OF'RIDDLE RAISE lilt FOR ORMIANS The bazaar given by the Ladles' Aid society of Biddle at the Cross ranoh, was a great success. There was a lovely display of faneywork and aprons Tho esndy booth was very popular, alec* the fish pond was enjoyed by the children. The dance was enjoyed by all. The proceeds amounting to tlfifi. wpre sent to the Orphans' Home at Helena. The best way to kill Use is to srork. Jl JOHNSON FEMES I STORM; IIS TO PUT FOR WAITE MICE With the tehzenitsn Saturday slzki at IS 4e(Mw beltm sen»» wllk a Barry of Mion faillit * and swept along by a taw wind U aa easterly directions with intense darbe ess prevailing. little 4M people realise that a traaedy wap betas reacted oaly about elx asiles soatheaet at B rendus, fer the tadleattmze Wednesday might spelled a disastrous sad aatlasely cadlaa to tho career of Jehu Johanna, who had act oat afoot to walk to the reach ef C. W. Waltr on kittle Powder river where he had premised to furnish vtoUa asaale tor a daaer. It 1« lusowa that Johan on left hie hoate on the divide between kittle sad Big Powder rivers, and that he took Big Powder rivers, and that he took his violin with him. but he did not rçneli his destination and Bince Satur day afternoon no trace has been found of him. His friends have given up hope of again seeing hint alive. Headed by Deputy Sheriff I.ee War ren, five neighbors constituted a search ing party <^n Wednesday when they visited all homes in the Immediate vi cinity and made a hurried search along the draws, hut to no avail. On Thanks giving day, the search was resumed with every neighbor participating, and included among- them were; I-ee War ren. Ed Doonan, A. J. Ilaloy, Herbert. Draine, Glen Ames. Sidney Blanken baker, Elkins, E. L>. Ainsworth, C. L. Russell, Cart Russell, John Broeckel, Henry PhiUlppi, Charles W. Waite. Because of the hilly character of the country, the many barbed wire fences and the snow that, covered the ground to nearly a foot in depth no progress could be made afoot by the searchers so that they went prepaied tor the task on horseback. It seemed to be the concensus of opinion that Johnson lost his way in the darkness and might have fallen over a cut hank, sustaining injuries that impeded his progress and made hint a victim to the freezing tempera ture that prevailed. The Waite ranch is about four miles east of the John son place and was being sought in a course by Johnson not followed trails or roads. ' ! Johnson drove his team and wagon j to Broadus Saturday forenoon and purchased some salt and baking soda at u local store. He returned to bis ; j .... i .... ..... 1 ' ""-"'r.V made ready for the dance. Probably . . _ I not realizing toe bitterness of the tern- 1 perature he started out. leaving his sheepskin coat behind, lie must have taken his violin with' him, fer it place, unharnessed liis horses and j placed them in the pasture. The pack- • ages he left in the wagon where they were afterward found. He partook cf j a lunch for the dishes were found as j he left them on his table, and then he prim turn, 1er it :=s ! not found at bis shack. A shor' dD tance from his home was found a piece of cloth clinging to a barbed wire fence, snagged Dorn his clothes when he crawled underneath. This cloth was reecgnized as a sample of clothes worn by him. tl was in tiie middle of the week, vs thaï Johnson wis solicited to piny his 1 violin at a dance at (he W. Waite a:»ch the following Saturday night. He promised to meet the appointment nd inquired directions from Carl Rus sen. Saturday right came but John son did not appear at the dance ami at midnight messengers were sent to liis place. They found his shack aban doned but they were not overly un easy for they believed he hud been otherwise detained. Dater, however, Carl Russell agaip visited the Johnson place and was at cnee aUmncd by find ing no signs of habitation. The hogs and chickens had been left unattended. Russell came to Broadus and acquaint ed the authorities here of Johnson's disappearance and his suspicions that. the man might .have perished in the cold. The searching party was organ ized Wednesday mi ruing and started in quest of Johnson. The heavy snow fall of Sunday and Monday had oblit erated any tracks made by the missing man so there was no trail to follow. A more minute and critical search was taken cn Thanksgiving day when the snowdrifts wert« examined as well as coulees and cut banks where Johnson might have met with accident and per ished. might have met with accident and per ished. Johnson was a single man, about 35 years of age. and was always recog nized at a distance by his friends for on he wore a derby hat.' He was ame- i?? dimn sized man, and a hard worker. He homesteaded abcut live years ago and had made good by building a little home and accumulating chickens, bogs and other property that made for him a comfortable living. He was a brother of Victor Johnson, now located at Beu lah. N. D.. and a. homesteader near George Rule's, lie was also related aa an uncle to Johu Rosenberg, resid ing cn Third creek. Jailed, Too Sweet. a at "What's the charge, officer?'' "Fragrancy. your honor. Hcv drinking perfume."—Ex. BAKKJCX FINDS COYOTES SCARCE ON UU.1MH l.ewis Babken, government trapper, did not stay long at the mouth of the Mlzpah. for coyotes were found to be conspicuous by their absence there, and it appeared to him that nearly everybody was out hunt'ng the wlley animals. Bakken moved his camp to the Mlzpah below the L O ranch and reports the coyotee almost aa scarce there. BONERS RETURN John A. Boner with his wife, son and daughter and Jack Conquergood, passed through town Wednesday aft eraeen bound for their place this aide of Boyes. They left Judith Basin week previous in their covered motor car and bucked enow the entire dis tance. of 50 URN UNIi success is Fima (By Albert Daw "on of Coal wood. Pow der River County in Montana Farmer.) Fotir years ago I came to Miles City with my wife and two boys, aged 12 and 14. We had a deed to two sec tions of railroad land, $2,000 against it. no other money in the world except about $50. No tools, machinery, stock, or, us the fellow said, ''no nothing." The land was unimproved, not even fenced. I borrowed $2,000 more on the land, making a total of $4,000 that I owed to start in, with $2.000 of this being a dead hcrae, having been spent before 1 arrived. We arrived hove tu October with the winter before us and a family of four to feed from the store for a year. We moved on to the land, put up a shack 12 by 12 feet and proceeded to get rich. Needless to say, we are still proceed ing, but today we owe $2,750, the land is al! fenced with eight miles of fence of three wires, posts one rod apart. We have a modern house, hrose barn, cow barn, two granaries and other outbuildings in plenty, well, windmill. ! sl * horBC *' 2 ® h , ead , of cattle ' farm ma * j * ' ^° rd It ueh. etc. L ™* aforementloiwd debt covers all ***•', ,° n debt I have paid 10 per ^ JV"' T' \ t ; and existed. I nave also sent my boys j to school. They are now in thoir sec ond year at Broadus high school, t have not received one cent of help from any one in the world. I am not satisfied, have grumbled all the time i—taxes too high, price of wheat too . „ , . ... . , . I low, etc., but 1 dent blame the land 1 j • ' j j here. It is O. K. The first year on a small piece of land I raised 12 bushels of wheat to ! * ,, ««•«. «»'V* *?' y , at "•1° , „ _ , , , oats to the acre (grasshoppers). I sold , . „ . , , ,, 1 my wheat for $1 per bushel. More per bushel. Second yeat I raised 5 Mi bushels of wheat to the acre and sold it for $2.10. East year I raised 22 bushels of wheat (o tho acre and sc4d at $1.90. This year I raised 10 bushels of winter wheat t.o the acre and 11 bushels spring wheat, and 27 bushels of grumbling. Each of the four years I have raised all the oern I want to feed my hogs, etc. So much for the facts of the case. You are hereby invited to come and verify the same. Now I will give you something not so valuable—-my opinion of the possi bilities of this part of the state. I could tell you in a few words by say ing that this part of the state lias not had a chance, has not even been tried out. Take 103 farmers haphazard around here ami you will find cut that 95 per cent, including mysoll'. are up to their necks in debt, not having the means to farm ar it should be farmed. Take myself. I havo one-fifth of the cattle that my land could feed. It is no wonder tbut I cannot get on fast. If I ceuld have started with 100 head of cattle clear four years ago I could have been on easy street today and all off two sections of land. I don't think that a half section of land is enough that a half section of land is enough in this part of Montana. One wants from one to live sections and mix the farming—grain, cattle, horses, hogs. 1 hear a lot of talk about this coun try going back to the stockmen. 1/ this country was given to the old-time stockmen they could not pay the taxes on it. Lost year I paid nearly $300 taxes. Figure it cut for yourself. Mind i?? u - where } cou }* feed head °H of two sections they could not feed 50 head. Taxes will never come down and the history of all such countries proves my contention. Where taxes go np they have always had to resort to intensive tanning and stock raising. This country wants farmers with capital and they wilt make money from the start. I would like to mention one of the five per cent farmers who are making xneney here. Mr. Percy Bird, Mr. Kay Bird, Mr. Dave Benge, Mr. Alvin Her. Mr. Pete Whiting. Mr. George Daniels. Ï could name others but five per cent will do for you to Investigate. I won't say that we need railroad because I know you are not fcolish, but these men who are making god here are doing so in spite of the fact that they have to pay at least 50 cents per 100 pounds to freight their wheat to railroad at Miles City. If anyone ie to blame for thla state cf affaira It Is the leaders of affaire In this state who have no faith la the possibilities of their owe state. What, you eay. are tha remedies? Let the statesmen, the leaders of this state, work for a few electric rail roads to go across the country. On* from Miles City south would pay from the start. And state aid advertising ta get In farmers with moaey (and a praties) knowledge of farming) and dldbourage such men as myeelf from coming with out capital. On November 11 cash wheat 4a Mit» aeapotta w«a $1.25-1.28 c* ft conto icon at Mttee City.