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The Powder River County examiner and the Broadus independent. [volume] (Broadus, Mont.) 1919-1935, November 25, 1921, Image 1

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. _««*»• ic*i l-ib* ary.
Helena, Mont.
In Addition to; Cattle Rustling, Public Sentiment Is Also Crystallizing Against Gambling and "Moonshine"
The Powder River County Examiner
and The Broad us Independent
Volume IV Number 6
Broadus, Montana. Friday, November 25, 1921
$2 Per Tear
Subzero weather, Hollowed by a
snowstorm. brought this country to a
full realization the past week that
the winter season was getting' under
good headway.
The cold weHther started with a
week ago with a minimum of ft and a
maximum of 2t. On Saturday, the min
imum was 16 below zero and the max
imum temperature 9 above. Sunday
the lowest was 4 and the highest 14.
Monday saw 4 below as the coldest
and 4 above as tho maximum and on
Tuesday ft was only 1 above as the
minimum and 23 above as the maxi
mum. On Wednesday the weAther had
greatly moderated and the surface c-f
the snow started to melt. During the
week the snow's water content meas
ured .58 of an inch, while in depth
it was about eight inches. Such are
the records compiled by A. W. Heldel,
local weathev observer.
Ip the Stacey country tho snow was
24 inches deep; at. IMnto it was eight
inches deep, but from reports received
the general depth of the snow was
around 12 inches deep. Snow drifted
across roads making traffic difficult
until shoveled away or bucked through.
While the roads arc not blocked to
traffic, passage over them Is much
more difficult, and has resulted in de
layed mail schedules and the schools
have been sorely pressed to operate,
especially in instances where teachers
and schclars lived any great distances
from the school houses.
Cattle were generally put on feeding
rations except the ones which were in
pastures and cottlrt forage for them
selves from grass that stood above
the snow.
Powder river In the vicinity of
Frcadus froze over Saturday night and
was crossed with team and wagon on
Monday. The ice on Tuesday was re
ported about two inches thick. In
places the ice had net yet formed over
the riffles or was very thin, making
general travel over ^he ice a danger
ous undertaking.
fiThank God «vary morning
when yon get np^that you
have something to do whfcsh
tonst he done whether yon
like it or not. Being forced
to do yonr best will breed in
yon temperance» self-control,
diligence, strength of will,
content, and a hundred vir
tues which the idle will never
trt Tfcaaks giving Fill the Ur
When bluebirds titltcd graceful heads
Above the graceful violet beds;
When robins hid their turquoise gems,
And .berries hung from silken stems;
When doves were cooing on the eaves.
And pearls were set in iris leaves;
When o'er the nests the thrushes sang.
And curfew harebells lightly rang.
You saw, in all, God's Icvlng care.
Then let Thanksgiving fill the air!
And unto Him your love declare.
When bills turned golden in a night,
And fields showed colors warm and
When perfumes met in wayside streets
To tell of cherished autumn sweets;
When memories came thick and fast
To bring the harvest cf the past.
The fruited Joys of all the years—
To cover griefs and sigs and tears,
You saw and felt God's love and care.
Then let Thanksgiving fill the air!
And unto Him your love declare.
—Minnie K. Hayes.
The spit it of people in Pcwder
River county, while it seems to have
wavered through a series of reverses,
is good, and on this Thanksgiving day
they are not forgetful of the blessings
bestowed upen them in past years and
they are reverently beseeching their
God to endow them with strength and
courage to continue the battle of life.
With Wednesday. November 30th,
fast approaching as tha final date on
which taxes may be paid to escape the
penalty and Interest for delinquency,
the office of County Treasurer J. T.
Wilson Is receiving; thousands cf dot
lore every day In tax money. Most of
the receipts have been from outside
parties boldine or controlling property
in this county and every mail has
brought cashier's cheeks and money
orders. Very few If any personal
chaoks or county warrants have been
received for the payment of taxes.
Where personal checks have been
tendered, the tax receipt is not Is
sued unto the check has been return'
ed for collection and is known to ho
good. This condition may delay Is
«nance of tho receipt until after the
time- allotted fer payment, thereby
throwing the property owner on the
delinquent list.
Rssldsat taxpayers are known to de
Ipy payment of their obligations In
this respect until almost the last min
ute and If the same conditions apply
this paar there wtll.be a grand rah
to tho treasurer's office Tu esd ay and
Wednesday o i next week. Last year
the treasurer's office collected la ever
MM >I m the last day, November Mth.
Stock Isepsoters Frank Parks of
Makar and Mly RJtehardson were In
town Wednesday.
Heme people of Powder River county
were shocked to hear of a family sub
sisting on a diet of horseflesh for
want of funds ip procure bief, but
their consteriiatfen was minimized by
the information - that Europeans are
clamoring for canned horse. And there
is no one to argue why horseflesh
should not he as welcome as beef, for
the reason that herses are ob clean in
their feed as cattle and noticeably
much more so than hogs or poultry.
And another questicu is being asked,
how many times have wo eaten horse
and relished it, knowing it as such, or
deceived in the belief it was beef?
Conversion into canned meat of
250,006 useless range horses of Mon
tana is a probability cf the coming
year, it is announced by Dr. W. J.
Rutli.!', state veterinarian, upon his re
turn from eastern eitles, where he
conferred with promoters of a "horse
packing plant'' in this state.
The market for the output is as
sured. One exporting company has
agreed to accept at the port of New
York all the'horse meat products that
can he turned out here. Dr. Gutter
said. It will be shipped to Prance,
Germany, Belgium, Holland and other
European nations where horseflesh is
prized as an article of daily diet. Many
persons there prefer It to beef, and It
is believed htrze meat can he sold
there at about half the price of beef,
so a ready sale seems certain.
Horse sausage, horse hash, corned
horse and roast horse in cans, similar
in preparation (only) to the bulk pack
ages of beef put up fer the army in
the World War, will form the princi
pal marketable commodities of the
proposed pony packing plant. Ship
ment of frozen sides or quarters is to
be followed in the same procedude as
American beef is shipped to Dr. But
ler and are on exhibition at his office
in the livestock building at the state
capitol. Persons eager to give the
salad oil a trial may no doubt share
this supply with Dr. Butler.
There are also on exhibition there
samples of the other horseflesh prod
ucts it is proposed to manufacture hare
on a large scale. The promoters have
spent more than 2150,000 In making
laboratory tests and canning experi
ments with horseflesh. Dr. Butler said.
Experts employed by the promoters
have gone Into big American packing
plants and studied canning, methods
there. These methods bave t^dn been
adapted to horseflesh.
The move Is simply a business prop
osition in supplying a market for
cheaper meat in Europe. Its economic
advantages to Montana lie in the re
moval of a quarter of a million useless
horses that now are consuming wild
hay that would keep an equal number
of cattle. In addition, it will bring to
the state an amount of rash that will
go a long way toward tiding over the
industrial depression. The industry
will provide, employment for many
A proposition to ultilize these horses
as food for Europe was under way a
couple of years ago, Dr. Butler said.
At that time the Bank of England was
behind the promoters. The fall in the
exchange value of the pound sterling
made the British bankers refuse to put
up their money at American rates, and
the project fell through. It has now
been revived, with American backing
and the state veterinarian believes,
from assurances given him while In
the cast, that there is every proba
bllity the plan will be a success this
Judge Stanley E. Felt at Ekalaka on
Monday of this week continued the
entire term of district court for Carter
county until next spring, taking such
action on account cf recent weather
disturbances which interfered with
general travel.
Poker Jim Roberta had been sum
moned to appear in court at Ekalaka
on Saturday, the 19th, to have his case
set for trial at the coming term of
court. He failed to make appearance
and Judge Felt is said to have waited
for him until 10 o'clock Monday morn
ing. At that time Roberts was still
absent and the judge continued his
case, together with the Grimes mur
der case and ail others on the docket
until the spring term of court. Trial
Jurors from over Carter county had
been subpoenaed to appear in Ekalaka
for the term of court commencing next
Poker Jim Roberts had been arrested
on a grand larceny charge for the al
leged theft of a horse owned by Mrs.
Matilda Price, residing near Ridge,
and was released on $2.000 bail bends
signed by L. M. Osgood. Mrs. Francis
H. Harri«. Andrew Anderson, and Har
lan Butts.
A week ago Jerome Gould. John
Lemson and Virgil Dixon were sup'
posed to have started from the lum
ber, mill near Stacey with titrée wag
cne heavily leaded with dance floering
and dimension lumber which will be
used In converting Shorty's Garage Into
a publie auditorium. The men had not
yet arrived Wednesday eight, the de
lay earning them to lay over at some
place along tho route. There Is no
doubt locally that tho lumber will he
received In plenty of time to carry out
plana tor the big bazaar, show and
dance. December 10, given under an«'
pices of-the LadleaT AM Bed sty.
A penny saved Is a penny taxed.—Ex.
Moonshine, adopted BA the name for an illicit intoxicating
beverage, and gamblikg go hand-in-hand, for where the one
is found there is also the other. AVhether in contravention of
the statutes or not there remains the fact that the public sen
timent is frowning against both practices in this county and
they must sooner or lator go by the boards.
Gambling has existed for ages and doubtless w ill resist
every effort for its complete suppression in the future, and
perhaps the same condition will obtain in unlawful liquor traf
fic, but both will be tabooed by law-abiding citizens and the
ones who engage in those practices will be sought out and
prosecuted the same as other violators of the law.
While gambling and moonshining are linked together it
does not necessarily follow that advocates of one are advocates
of the other but it does follow that- where one exists there is
also to be found both evils. Both are manipulated, sometimes
in the open, sometimes with all secrecy and subterfuge, de
pending upon the tibae and place and participants involved.
Because the burden of proof is upon the state or the peo
ple themselves in procuring' convictions and because there is
insufficient evidence to convict "beyond all reasonable doubt,"
the advantage is always in favor of tho law-violators when
brought to trial.
In a sparsely settled country such as tiiis, there is another
influence always redounding to the advantage of a prisoner
on trial. The chances arc good that lie has a wife and family
or other dependents and friends and neighbors obligated to
him for favors rendered, and they know the imposition of a
heavy fine or jail imprisonment would punish innocent mem
bers of his family as well. But these same friends and neigh
bors are bringing pressure to hear against the continuance of
traffic in liquor and resort, to gambling games. Where this
sentiment is not, recoguizeu there remains no doubt that the
law will be impressed into service and allowed to take its
course whatsoever the consequences might be.
The eighteenth constitutional amendment forbidding
liquor for a long time was rot accepted by the people at large
but lately they haver been giving it more serious thought and
consideration arid are becoming convinced that it is for the
best interests and rather thgn antagonize it further they are
becoming its adherents and supporters, insisting in its oh
iiujuusmm* ui impur i«a " iuhkbv wiiiioui uepnvmg min
or dependents of nece|i*ry living expenses or otherwise
ring a hardship on oth&$ and use of these Intoxicants af
self or
fords only temporary satisfaction Neither can a man take
chances at the card table for the practice is a violation of the
law and like "moonshining" when carried to excess, innocent
parties suffer. There is no question that perfectly good money
is taken out of general circulation by these evils so that the
public in general is the loser and as such is an interested party.
An influence tending toward the betterment of conditions may
be exerted by women and young ladies especially pertaining
to the liquor traffic for hereafter they will decline to dance
with any man under the influence of liquor. With liquor elim
inated at public dances both in Broadus ami other communi
ties in the county one of the biggest sources of revenue in the
"moonshine" traffic will be lost.
In BrouUus township Justice
before C. C. Craw.
Howard H. Potter after a trial Fri
day was found guilty of a petit lar
ceny charge preferred by ©laf Kelly
and was sentenced to serve 30 days in
the county jail. He was represented
by Attorney A. TV, Heldel and the
prosecution was conducted by County
Attorney N. A. Burkey. Testimony was
introduced to shew that missing ar
ticles were found on Potter's place on
Ten Mile, a pair of work shoes under
some wienie edges and a hatchet and
riveting stammer in the straw stack.
While unable to explain the presence
of these articles Potter admitted hav
ing worn the shots. Witnesses for the
prosecution were Olaf Kelly. R. T. Ah
bott, Claude Anderson and E. L. Mann.
Potter only took the stand in his own
defense. Bill Watt had been sub
poenaed and was present but was not
used as a witness. Bill Ayles. another
witness for the defense eculd not be
found at the time the subpoena was
Sam F. Harris of tiie western por
tion of the county, o »Saturday re
ceived a suspended 30-day ajil sent'
enco for obtaining money under false
pretenses. The warrant was issued
November 5 at the'Instance of the Ep
sie Mercantile company. Harris is at
tending a government schocl at Boze
man receiving vocational training as a
civil engineer and on his arrest there
last Saturday by Sheriff Sutter obtain
ed a week's leave of absence. On ap'
pearance In justice court here he ad
mttted issuing a check for $33.75. get
ting it cashed by the Epsie Mercantile
company August 25 and turning the
money over to a man with whom he
had a business deal. Soon afterward
he received orders to report for voca
tional training at Bozeman and oh
September 1 drew the balance cf hl«
money from the-Aahlnd bank and went
away in the belief that alt outstand
ing cheeks had been cashed. He did
not receive à statement of his account
when drawing hie balance from the
hank, neither did he receive any can
celled vouchers end was unaware that
the cheek in question had not yet
been cashed. Harris also explained
that three ether parties Indebted to
him had iRomlscd to deposit money to
hie ereilt nt the Ashland bank which
would ma p s than take care of tko
•82.75 chock but at the present time
he had not been advtaed whether they
had met their obligations.
Bill Ritchardson, the strenuous stock
inspecte»* who has been stirring up the
animals on Powder river and in the
range country in southern Carter coun
ty, was in Ekalaka a c-ouple of days
this week and went over into the "en
emy's country" with his dog and gun.
He carries tiie gun on the outside cf
his car and the dog on the inside. The
animal is an Airedale of high degree
and most distinguished ancestry. lie
is from the famous Caswell kennels of
Toledo, Ohio, and a brother cf Tresi
dent Harding's Airedale. IBs father
was brought from Europe by the wife
of "Lucky" Baldwin. As a sentinel
and body guard he Is beyond price, and
there is some question as to whether
the inspecter could continue long in
the business without the aid and com
fort of this alert and watchful atly.
Ekalaka Eagle.
Helena.— At the call of T. A. Marlow
of Helena, a mooting of Montana bank
era was hold here Friday, at which It
was decided to originate a livestock
and lodn corporation, with a capita! of
9250,000. Mr. Marlow was elected tom
porary chairman, and T. O. Hammond
of Helena temporary secretary.
Mr. Marlow tcld of his recent trip to
Washington, D. O., in the interest of
Montana's stockmen and said that at
a meeting with the executives of the
war finance board. Chairman Meyer
strongly emphasized the advisability
of organizing a loan company with
paid-in capital stock, through which
applications for livestock loans would
submitted direct to the Washington
beard with the endorsement of this
Montana loan company, thus obviating
the necessity of a bank endorsement.
The bazaar given by the Ladles' Aid
society of Biddle at the Cross ranoh,
was a great success. There was a
lovely display of faneywork and aprons
Tho esndy booth was very popular,
alec* the fish pond was enjoyed by the
children. The dance was enjoyed by
The proceeds amounting to tlfifi.
wpre sent to the Orphans' Home at
The best way to kill Use is to srork.
With the tehzenitsn Saturday slzki at IS 4e(Mw beltm sen»» wllk a
Barry of Mion faillit * and swept along by a taw wind U aa easterly directions
with intense darbe ess prevailing. little 4M people realise that a traaedy wap
betas reacted oaly about elx asiles soatheaet at B rendus, fer the tadleattmze
Wednesday might spelled a disastrous sad aatlasely cadlaa to tho career of
Jehu Johanna, who had act oat afoot to walk to the reach ef C. W. Waltr on
kittle Powder river where he had premised to furnish vtoUa asaale tor a daaer.
It 1« lusowa that Johan on left hie hoate on the divide between kittle sad
Big Powder rivers, and that he took
Big Powder rivers, and that he took
his violin with him. but he did not
rçneli his destination and Bince Satur
day afternoon no trace has been found
of him. His friends have given up
hope of again seeing hint alive.
Headed by Deputy Sheriff I.ee War
ren, five neighbors constituted a search
ing party <^n Wednesday when they
visited all homes in the Immediate vi
cinity and made a hurried search along
the draws, hut to no avail. On Thanks
giving day, the search was resumed
with every neighbor participating, and
included among- them were; I-ee War
ren. Ed Doonan, A. J. Ilaloy, Herbert.
Draine, Glen Ames. Sidney Blanken
baker, Elkins, E. L>. Ainsworth, C. L.
Russell, Cart Russell, John Broeckel,
Henry PhiUlppi, Charles W. Waite.
Because of the hilly character of the
country, the many barbed wire fences
and the snow that, covered the ground
to nearly a foot in depth no progress
could be made afoot by the searchers
so that they went prepaied tor the
task on horseback.
It seemed to be the concensus of
opinion that Johnson lost his way in
the darkness and might have fallen
over a cut hank, sustaining injuries
that impeded his progress and made
hint a victim to the freezing tempera
ture that prevailed. The Waite ranch
is about four miles east of the John
son place and was being sought in a
course by Johnson not followed
trails or roads. ' !
Johnson drove his team and wagon j
to Broadus Saturday forenoon and
purchased some salt and baking soda
at u local store. He returned to bis
.... i .... ..... 1 ' ""-"'r.V
made ready for the dance. Probably
. . _ I
not realizing toe bitterness of the tern- 1
perature he started out. leaving his
sheepskin coat behind, lie must have
taken his violin with' him, fer it
place, unharnessed liis horses and j
placed them in the pasture. The pack- •
ages he left in the wagon where they
were afterward found. He partook cf j
a lunch for the dishes were found as j
he left them on his table, and then he
prim turn, 1er it :=s !
not found at bis shack. A shor' dD
tance from his home was found a piece
of cloth clinging to a barbed wire
fence, snagged Dorn his clothes when
he crawled underneath. This cloth was
reecgnized as a sample of clothes worn
by him.
tl was in tiie
middle of the week,
thaï Johnson wis solicited to piny his
violin at a dance at (he W. Waite
a:»ch the following Saturday night.
He promised to meet the appointment
nd inquired directions from Carl Rus
sen. Saturday right came but John
son did not appear at the dance ami
at midnight messengers were sent to
liis place. They found his shack aban
doned but they were not overly un
easy for they believed he hud been
otherwise detained. Dater, however,
Carl Russell agaip visited the Johnson
place and was at cnee aUmncd by find
ing no signs of habitation. The hogs
and chickens had been left unattended.
Russell came to Broadus and acquaint
ed the authorities here of Johnson's
disappearance and his suspicions that.
the man might .have perished in the
cold. The searching party was organ
ized Wednesday mi ruing and started
in quest of Johnson. The heavy snow
fall of Sunday and Monday had oblit
erated any tracks made by the missing
man so there was no trail to follow.
A more minute and critical search was
taken cn Thanksgiving day when the
snowdrifts wert« examined as well as
coulees and cut banks where Johnson
might have met with accident and per
might have met with accident and per
Johnson was a single man, about 35
years of age. and was always recog
nized at a distance by his friends for
he wore a derby hat.' He was ame- i??
dimn sized man, and a hard worker.
He homesteaded abcut live years ago
and had made good by building a little
home and accumulating chickens, bogs
and other property that made for him
a comfortable living. He was a brother
of Victor Johnson, now located at Beu
lah. N. D.. and a. homesteader near
George Rule's, lie was also related
aa an uncle to Johu Rosenberg, resid
ing cn Third creek.
Jailed, Too Sweet.
"What's the charge, officer?''
"Fragrancy. your honor. Hcv
drinking perfume."—Ex.
l.ewis Babken, government trapper,
did not stay long at the mouth of the
Mlzpah. for coyotes were found to be
conspicuous by their absence there,
and it appeared to him that nearly
everybody was out hunt'ng the wlley
animals. Bakken moved his camp to
the Mlzpah below the L O ranch and
reports the coyotee almost aa scarce
John A. Boner with his wife, son
and daughter and Jack Conquergood,
passed through town Wednesday aft
eraeen bound for their place this aide
of Boyes. They left Judith Basin
week previous in their covered motor
car and bucked enow the entire dis
success is Fima
(By Albert Daw "on of Coal wood. Pow
der River County in Montana Farmer.)
Fotir years ago I came to Miles City
with my wife and two boys, aged 12
and 14. We had a deed to two sec
tions of railroad land, $2,000 against
it. no other money in the world except
about $50. No tools, machinery, stock,
or, us the fellow said, ''no nothing."
The land was unimproved, not even
fenced. I borrowed $2,000 more on the
land, making a total of $4,000 that I
owed to start in, with $2.000 of this
being a dead hcrae, having been spent
before 1 arrived.
We arrived hove tu October with the
winter before us and a family of four
to feed from the store for a year. We
moved on to the land, put up a shack
12 by 12 feet and proceeded to get rich.
Needless to say, we are still proceed
ing, but today we owe $2,750, the land
is al! fenced with eight miles of fence
of three wires, posts one rod apart.
We have a modern house, hrose barn,
cow barn, two granaries and other
outbuildings in plenty, well, windmill.
! sl * horBC *' 2 ® h , ead , of cattle ' farm ma *
j * ' ^° rd It ueh. etc.
L ™* aforementloiwd debt covers all
***•', ,° n debt I have paid 10 per
^ JV"' T' \ t
; and existed. I nave also sent my boys
j to school. They are now in thoir sec
ond year at Broadus high school, t
have not received one cent of help
from any one in the world. I am not
satisfied, have grumbled all the time
i—taxes too high, price of wheat too
. „ , . ... . , .
I low, etc., but 1 dent blame the land

here. It is O. K.
The first year on a small piece of
land I raised 12 bushels of wheat to
! * ,,
««•«. «»'V* *?' y , at "•1°
, „ _ , , ,
oats to the acre (grasshoppers). I sold
, . „ . , , ,,
1 my wheat for $1 per bushel. More
per bushel. Second yeat I raised 5 Mi
bushels of wheat to the acre and sold
it for $2.10. East year I raised 22
bushels of wheat (o tho acre and sc4d
at $1.90. This year I raised 10 bushels
of winter wheat t.o the acre and 11
bushels spring wheat, and 27 bushels of
grumbling. Each of the four years I
have raised all the oern I want to feed
my hogs, etc. So much for the facts
of the case. You are hereby invited
to come and verify the same.
Now I will give you something not
so valuable—-my opinion of the possi
bilities of this part of the state. I
could tell you in a few words by say
ing that this part of the state lias not
had a chance, has not even been tried
out. Take 103 farmers haphazard
around here ami you will find cut that
95 per cent, including mysoll'. are up
to their necks in debt, not having the
means to farm ar it should be farmed.
Take myself. I havo one-fifth of the
cattle that my land could feed. It is
no wonder tbut I cannot get on fast.
If I ceuld have started with 100 head
of cattle clear four years ago I could
have been on easy street today and all
off two sections of land. I don't think
that a half section of land is enough
that a half section of land is enough
in this part of Montana. One wants
from one to live sections and mix the
farming—grain, cattle, horses, hogs.
1 hear a lot of talk about this coun
try going back to the stockmen. 1/
this country was given to the old-time
stockmen they could not pay the taxes
on it. Lost year I paid nearly $300
taxes. Figure it cut for yourself. Mind
i?? u - where } cou }* feed head °H
of two sections they could not feed
50 head. Taxes will never come down
and the history of all such countries
proves my contention. Where taxes go
np they have always had to resort to
intensive tanning and stock raising.
This country wants farmers with
capital and they wilt make money from
the start. I would like to mention one
of the five per cent farmers who are
making xneney here. Mr. Percy Bird,
Mr. Kay Bird, Mr. Dave Benge, Mr.
Alvin Her. Mr. Pete Whiting. Mr.
George Daniels. Ï could name others
but five per cent will do for you to
Investigate. I won't say that we need
railroad because I know you are
not fcolish, but these men who are
making god here are doing so in spite
of the fact that they have to pay at
least 50 cents per 100 pounds to freight
their wheat to railroad at Miles City.
If anyone ie to blame for thla state
cf affaira It Is the leaders of affaire In
this state who have no faith la the
possibilities of their owe state.
What, you eay. are tha remedies?
Let the statesmen, the leaders of
this state, work for a few electric rail
roads to go across the country. On*
from Miles City south would pay from
the start.
And state aid advertising ta get In
farmers with moaey (and a praties)
knowledge of farming) and dldbourage
such men as myeelf from coming with
out capital.
On November 11 cash wheat 4a Mit»
aeapotta w«a $1.25-1.28 c* ft conto icon
at Mttee City.

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