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TREASURE STATE FARM AND LIVESTOCK
RATE COT MEANS MILLIONS SAVED REDUCTION MADE LAST JULY IS GREATEST IN MONTANA-PA CIFIC GROUP Saving to Montana Shippers Since Last July Reaches Total of $5, 400,014.68; Montana Reduction Is SO Per Cent; Group Rates Are Compared. Basing their calculations upon the total freight revenues of all railroadB operating in Montana for the calen dar year 1921, the experts of the Montana railroad commission now es timate that the shippers of Montana will be relieved annually of the pay ment of freight charges to the extent of $5,460,614.6.3 by reason of the re duction in freight rates which be came effective July 1, 1922. The matter is covered in the an nual report of the railroad commis sion now being prepared for the prin c ROUP For SpasmodicCroup rub Vicks over the throat and » chest until the difficult breathing is relieved— then cover with a warm flannel cloth. WICKS w VapoRub Oper 17 Million Jan Used Yearly >* No scars—.no blemishes OOMBAUl/TS CAUSTIC BALSAM 4m* tha work better than firing. Hair f*4Mr grow* back natural color m K **S>p m, Throat or ______ TiwMa. S'iUmnt ir*r*rH«wwfc SoprrtoSm ottfirimg mod tooêtry. A* * human liniment it is nmurp—4, $1 JO par bottle at druggists or by 71s LAWRENCE-WILLIAMS CO. CkfdiuL OhiA COMBAULTfe Caustic BALSAM T URKEYS and all other Poultry; also HIDES, FURS, WOOL, wanted daily at Top Market Prices. Price list and tags free. S. L. McKay ft Co., St. Paul, Minn. * * ¥ H N 0 •i v 0 a 9 % REX FLOUR 49 Lbs. Rex Says: T HERE's a 'best way' to plow a field, drive a team of horses or run an automobile. There is a 'best way' of doing everything. The best way to perform every operation in flour-making has been studied and perfected in the Royal Milling Com pany plant and laboratory , until scien tific milling has made this true: that REX FLOUR—uniform in all the na tural and much-desired characteristics of a high-grade hard wheat flour — makes a loaf of bread as truly whole some and as perfectly satisfactory as any housewife could wish." Rex is King BITTER ROOT SEED PEA CROP IS A VALUABLE ONE The raising of seed peas has be come an extensive in dustry in the Bitter Root valley. The crop not only flourishes there, but It has proven to be a profitable one. Be cause of Irrigation the crop is never a failure, and last year and the year before this was about the only coun try that produced peas in paying quantities. The season's crop from the 2,000 acres contracted by the N. B. Keeney & Son Seed company is all stored in the big warehouse just north of the depot, and the work of handpicking began last week. 25,000 Bushel Crop Manager C. C. LeSuer estimates the crop at 25,000 bushels and has about 30 people employed at the seed house. The peas are grown over the terri tory between Conner and Lolo. One of the best proportionate crops grown this year was from the Click-Baker acreage in the Conner district, 970 bushels being garnered from 25 acres of ground. ter in which reference is made as ! follows: Extract From Record "The board's activities and parti-1 cipation in the investigation of the general level of freight rates in in-1 terstate commerce commission docket j No. 13,293 were rewarded by a uni-: form reduction of 10 per cent on j practically all classes of freight, ef-1 fective July 1, 1922. We are ex-j tremely gratified with the results, j We realize that the general public j does not understand freight rates, j but in order that any one may know the result of this investigation, the j following comparison of advances ! and reductions in freight rates in the various groups are submitted, from which it will be noted that Montana has fared admirably throughout the entire transaction. "Southern and Mountain-Pacific group, advanced September 1, 1920. 25 per cent; reduced July 1, 1922, 50 per cent of previous advance. Inter-territorial group, advanced 33 1-3 per cent, reduced 40 per cent of previous advance. Western group, advanced 35 per cent, reduced 38 1-2 per cent of pre vious advance. Eastern group, advanced 40 per cent, reduced 35 per cent of previous advance. Montana Reduction. 50 Per Cent The Mountain-Pacific group in cludes Montana, and it will be seen that the advance in rates effective September 1, 1920, in that group, was the lowest of any of the groups comprising the entire country, while the reduction of July 1, 1922, was the greater in the Montana section than in any other district. It should be understood that the reduction in Montana, which really amounts to 10 per cent of the rates in effect prior to July 1. 1922, applies to all freight whether moving be tween points within the state or to or from interstate destinations. The saving thus accruing to the public can only be approximated, but applying this to the total freight revenues of all carriers operating in Montana for the calendar year 1921, the people have been relieved of the payment of an annual sum for the transporta tion of freight of $5,460,614.63, which figures ere based exclusively on Montana earnings of the railroads. The Keeney company's holdings were established in 1913, though the work of hand-packing was not be gun until three years ago. Warehouse at Bosenaa A large warehouse Is also main tained at Bozeman and there the crop from the Gallatin and Ruby valleys are sorted. Experimental planting is done every year to select the best varieties. This company plants 80 acres, known as trial ground, to test out the different varieties of peas. Each year the trial crop is shifted to a different field to prevent volun teer growth and mixture of seed. The company expects to operate the plant until late in the winter, aa sort ing for the market is being added this year to the seed picking for spring distribution. Sorting is Began The work of sorting this year's crop of seed peas began at the West ern Seed company's plant a few days ago. The crops from the 5,300 acres contracted by the company are pour ing into the big warehouse, about 80,000 bushels being stored there last week. Twenty cars are yet to come in and the work of hand-picking the peas will probably last until spring. Eventually the plant will employ 36 women and eight men, and will provide a pay roll of $100 per day for Hamilton workers. Not all the peas handled in the Hamilton warehouse are grown in the Bitter Root valley. Some are shipped from Manhattan in the Gal latin valley, and some from the vi cinity of Helena. The company's warehouse at Missoula is now prac tically full. BEAVERHEAD LEADS ALL COUNTI ES IN LIV ESTOCK Beaerhead county, with 65,464 listed on the rolls of its assessor, leads the state in the number of cat tle, according to the figures return ed to the state board of equalization this year. Fergus county with 57, 711, ranks second; Big Horn, with 43,590 is third, and Powder River is fourth with 42,709. Other counties of the state, with the number of cattle listed in them this year, are as follows: Blaiue, 35,783; Broadwater, 13, 753; Carbon, 18,672; Carter, 23,231; Cascade, 29,600; Judith Basin, 27, 346; Choteau, 25,892; Teton, 16, 375; Custer, 25,779; Daniels, 10,289; Sheridan, 16,738; Valley, 24,248; Fallon, 19,461; Deer Lodge, 3,877; Fallon, 13,713; Flathead, 14..053; Gallatin, 22,812; Garfield. 2Ï.958; Glacier, 17,048; Golden Valley, 172, 711; Musselshell, 14,470; Sweet Grass. 22,518; Granite, 11,679; Hill, 12,748; Liberty, 4,814; Jefferson, 13,833; Lewis and Clark, 28,786; Lincoln, 2,039; McCone, 16,184; Madison, 37,194; Meagher, 21,643; Mineral. 872; Missoula, 11,601; Park, 24,143; Phillips, 24,546; Pon dera, 12,510; Powell, 16,366; Prä rie, 14,262; Ravalli, 20,044; Rich land, 20,816; Roosevelt, 13,272; Rosebud, 25,170; Sanders, 9,691; Silver Bow, 5,136; Stillwater, 21, 852; Toole, 5,644; Treasure, 7,854; Wheatland, 24,452; Wibaux, 9,01$; Yellowstone, 20,386. The total number of cattle listed in the state by the county assessors is 1,049,090 as compared with 983, 904 last year, 972,195 in 1920 and 1,229,646 in 1919. BIG PROSPECTS FOR MILK RIVER OFFICIALS THINK VALUES OF SOIL NOT APPRECIATED BY THE OWNERS Growing of Alfalfa Has Been Very Successful In that Section; Oppor tunities for Thousands of Self-Sup porting Farm Homes There. The agricultural possibilities of the Milk river valley have never been thoroughly appreciated, largely be cause the lands have been in the hands of large owners who are more interested In cattle feeding or wheat raising than in the cultivation of more valuable crops, according to government officials who have stud ied the situation. There has not been as yet a dem onstration and full understanding of the type or system of agriculture which is most profitable; nor has there been a general understanding of the fact that with the great diver sity of soils different methods of farming must be adopted. The soils range from the light, rich, alluvial, sandy loam to very heavy clays, or adobe. The owners of these lands have not taken sufficient pains to dis criminate between these different types of soil, and have tried to raise cultivated crops, for example, on the heavy soils, and in some cases have neglected the lighter soils, becoming discouraged and condemning further efforts, largely because they have not succeeded In raising on the heavy soils the crops w'hich might be very successful elsewhere. Alfalfa Successful For example, even on the heaviest soils, when skilfully handled, alfalfa has been highly successful, but un fortunately some of the farmers have attempted to raise potatoes or sugar beets, and have found that the cost of plowing and preparing the soil has exhausted the value of the returns. In short, in going over the situation, the slow development of irrigation valley lands may be attributed not so much to the soil and climate as to the lack of activity cautiously dir ected. Fundamentally this can be traced back to the greater land own ership and the desires of these own ers to speculate in the land and in cattle, rather than to inform them selves through results obtained by agricultural experiments, and carry out the laborious work of well-dir ected farming. Whenever these lands are placed upon the market at prices and terms consisent with their true value, and homeseekers are correctly informed as to these values and the methods of cultivating the soil, there should be no difficulty in building up commu nities along the Milk River valley. There are opportunities for thous ands of small self-supporting farm homes. The soil, climate and trans portation facilities are favorable. There are no insurmountable obsta cles interposed by nature which have not been, or cannot be, corrected by the use and extension of the irriga tion systems already existing. The obstacles to be overcome are not phy sical; they are wholly mental and of human origin, resulting from the lack of morale, or will to win, on the part of people now' holding or controlling the land. When once these people can be brought to see the great pos sibilities of the future, and realize that these possibilities cannot be at tained until the lands are in the hands of people who will live upon them, progress will be delayed. Right Prices Needed The present owners must also ap preciate that to get the right kind of people, prices and farms must be made attractive. No one is going to the Milk river valley to buy land at high prices In order to enrich the present owners; they will buy only because they believe the prices are lower than for equally good land elsewhere. When the merchants, bankers and others who now hold these irrigated lands out of uBe really appreciate the situation, they will see that their con tinuance in business and increase in their prosperity would be better pro moted by actually giving away the lands to the right kind of people than by trying to sell them at prices which will destroy the ability of these peo ple to get a foothold on the soil and cultivate it properly. While there 1 b no necessity of literally giving away the land, yet to attract the right kind of people, the prices and terms must be such as to let the prospective pur chasers believe that they are getting a bargain or a square deal. Discussion has already been had of the practicability of giving to some organization interested in the devel opment of the valley an option for, ■ay, five yean, on these lands. This will enable the lands to be broadly advertised, and prospective purchas en to study the actual demonstration of enccees. Without each binding option, experience has shown that It la useless to advertise widely the ad vantages of the valley, because of the fact that in the past when the homa makers have appeared upon the ground the prices have been doubled or even trebled—thus frightening the would -be purchasers jWay. Prospectors Bring In Gold These deys when autumn Is being tempered Into winter, prospectors In Montana's mountains are bringing In their gold, bnylng a grab stake and going back to remain till spring. Re ports at the United States assay of fice In Helena Indicate that the placer miners hove had a good season—good weather, plenty water and enough pay dirt to pay a profit. 8ome nug gets of attractive else are being turn ed In to William L. Hill, assayer In charge. One nugget which came In last week weighed nine ounces. 1 8have With Cuticura soap And double your razor efficiency as well as promote skin purity, skin com fort and skin health. No mug, no slimy soap, no t germs, no waste, no irritation even ' when shaved twice daily. One soap for all uses—shaving, bathing and shampooing.—Adv. CHINOOK WILL SELL AIRPLANE HELD FOR STORAGE CHARGES On December 4 an airplane sale 1 b planned in Chinook. Bargains in used planes are offered. While airplane sales are not of frequent occurrence in Montana yet, there is to be a plane put up for sale. A machine was taken to Chinook in January, 1921, by Pilot L. R. Smith, who was flying it for W. K. Anderson of Roundup. He did pas senger work there and at Harlem for several days. One day while landing In the Wooldridge field west of Chi nook he was hampered by the pres ence of a crowd and rather than run MICK LEG 100% PROTECTION FOR LIFE _ from oiwvacdnatioa with Cutter«* y Quid or Solid Blackleg Aggressln. Abso lutely tife. Cutter * Solid Agares tin Injector* work just like Blackleg Pill Injectors. If Cutter's Aggreuin is unobuinablclocally, write The Cutter Laboratory " The Labsrattrt that Knew» Hsvt ** Berkeley <U.S. License) California N.P. —Old Style Powder and Pill Vaccines still mad* for those who prefer theta. B i t i i<; i; F a I Cents 1 M Ol l< SIK \ I <14 11 Ml* S \ \ I > ( ; A NS ■Mil' I ( > I ) \ y |>h«-n-1 h I 1er I'milur« in pu ii) . » . r«-tif !• a 1 Ik Charles 0. Robinson & Company Stockmen, Attention Ship your cattle and sheep to CHARLES O. ROBINSON ft CO., and do not consign them to Clay, Robinson ft Co., as the old firm was dissolved at the end of last year. Charles O. Robinson, whose father founded the old firm, is now at the head of CHARLES O. ROBINSON ft CO. Mr. Robinson has been in intimate touch with the stock growers of Montana for 35 years, and is handling all steer sales for his new firm, assisted by A. W. Thomas. Chicago Range Market $10.25 November 3, 1022. Our »ale Wednesday of 40 head of grass, horned and dehorned, rangers at $10.25 was the highest sale of range cattle that has been made on the Chicago market in the last two years. These cattle were shipped by the well known cattleman, A. E. Cross, of Calgary, and were shipped from his ranch southwest of High River, Alberta, Just this side of the Little Canadian Rockies. The sale was the nik of the Chicago Stock Yards. We have had a flood of range cattle this week, as well as a tre mendous run of short-fed native cattle. There were 15,000 rangers on the market Monday, and we also had a liberal supply on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday. The market on best rangers broke 25c, while all other grades were 50c to 75c per cwt. lower. All below the prime grades of native cattle broke from $1.00 to $1.50 per cwt. and this naturally affected the sale of range cattle. Cows were 40c to 50c lower. We are looking for lighter receipts next week, and a better mar ket on all grades of cattle. Receipts of sheep and Iambs today were 7,000. Fat western lambs sold this week up to $14.00, but there were no good westerns on sale here today. Feeders are steady, some good 52 to 55-lb. feed ing lambs selling from $13.50 to $13.60. Feeding ewes are quotable from $5.25 to $6.35. Some choice 77-lb. yearling wethers sold to the killers today at $12.35 and some desirable 90-lb. yearlings sold at $12.00, while 115-lb. yearlings are selling around $11.00. 8heep are about steady. Heavy fat ewes are selling from $4.50 to $6.50 and good, fat 95-lb. ewes around $7.00. There are still quite a number ot cattle, hogs and sheep coming billed Clay, Robinson & Co. That firm was dissolved by mutual con sent on December 31st, 1921, and shippers will do well to bill their stock to CHARLE8 O. ROBINSON ft CO., at Chicago, Omaha and South St. Paul. All stock received by us here will have our Mr. Robinson's very best personal attention. Neb. Charles O. Robinson ft Co., Chicago, HL Gentlemen: We want to say that we were more than pleased with the outcome of this shipment, and never ex pected that these steers would uet as $100 a bead. We really figured that $00 waa what the cattle were worth. Thlsaeems much dif f é r a i than la the past two rears, when stuff always sold for leas thaa wo expected. C. KOEHLER CO. Yours very truly. Northwestern range cattle will make better time to Chicago, as well as being assured of care through to Chicago, if fed at New Brighton in preference to South St. PauL Several through ship ments have been delayed at 8outh St. Paul three to four days in transit, on account ot the car shortage. Write or wire us when yon wish any special market informa tion, and have your agent consign your cattle and sheep to Charles O. Robinson ft Co., at CHICAGO, OMAHA or SOUTH ST. PAUL. CHARLES 0. ROBINSON & CO. Per a O. ROBINSON into the crowd, hit the Ryaa truck standing at the edge of the field. The plane was badly smashed In the collision and it was placed in storàge in the Lehfeldt company warehouse and has been there ever since. The warehouse owners are now advertis ing the plane for sale to pay the stor age charges on It. Prompt Payment Longer prices, better fills, less shrinkage, and ex perienced live steck snles men—these are eur rea sons for soliciting YOUR business. WsWsr t WsMsr Cs. Successors to Carson, Wood ft Weiller Livestock Commission SOUTH SAINT PAUL, MINNESOTA CHICAGO, ILLINOIS "Ask for our Free Western Weekly Market Letter."