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dupijykr, MONTANA The largest bronze statue In exist ence 1 b In Ht. Petersburg. It. represents Peter the Great, and weighs 1,100 tons. The elephant Is the chief beast of burden in Slain and Afghanistan. An "elephant load" is estimated at two tons. At the funeral of an unmarried wom an In Brazil scarlet is the morning hue. The coffin, the hearse, the trappings of the horses and the livery of the driver must be scarlet. In each wing of the ostrich twenty eix white plumes grow to maturity in eight months. In the male these are pure white, while those of the female «hade to ecru or gray. John Byrnes, of Boston, claims to be the oldest street car driver in the world. He has been it. forty years and has traveled a distance equal to twenty five times around the world. The number of reindeer owned by a Laplander in Sweden varies to a con siderable degree. The poor may have from 300 to 700, and. the rich Lapland ' ers will keep 1,000 and even 5,000. A blast of 1,100 pounds of dynamite In twenty-seven holes was made re cently at a quarry near Providence, R. I. The face of a cliff was blown off and fully 10,000 tons of stone dis lodged. Mexico will bring out its first issue of pictorial postage stamps in September. The various denominations will repre sent the growth of Mexico's mail ser vice from the mule to the railway. A Baltimore man has hit upon a. novel idea for a horse. It is a two storied vehicle, with a receptacle for the coffin in the upper part, and the mourners are to ride below, as if they were in a stage. Professor Dewar has demonstrated that metals augment their magnetic fluidities and increase in strength by aimtnution of temperature. Iron at 180 tlegrees can endure double its normal tensile strain. China's Imperial Canal is the largest in the world and greatest in point of traffic. Its length is 2.100 miles, and It connects forty-one cities situated on its banks. It. was completed in 1350 after 600 years spent on its construc tion. A London capitalist, who daily drives to his office, has a phonograph in his carriage into which he pours messages, short letters, instructions and other matters of importance. The machine is given to the head clerk on his ar rival. In the course of making an affidavit nn Irishman once said: "And this de ponent further saith that the only one of his children who showed him any real affection wa3 Iiis youngest son, Larry for he never struck him when he was down." One of the curiosities of the Stink tngwater Canon, Wyoming, is the alum cave. The cave appears to be an ex tinct geyser, and is about fifteen feet across and easily accessible. The alum is along the sides aud about six feet in thickness. The Vienna police have general charge of all newspapers and keep records of all presses and publications, maintain a censorship over all the theaters and plays and issue licenses for the jnibli cation and sale of all books, magazin.es and periodicals. An Arkansas administrator made the followirg indorsement on the back of a doctor's bill: "This claim is not veri fied by an affidavit as the statute re quires, but the death of the deceased Is satisfactory evidence to my mind that the doctor did the work. W S , Adm." The Indians of Guiana have a curious system of numeration. They count by the hand and its four fingers. Thus, when they reach five, instead of say ing so, they call it, a "hand." Six is, thereforo a "hand and first finger," and so on to twenty, which is called a "man." Lemon juice, squeezed in California, treated with a preservative process, and sent east by the barrel, is now sold In earthen Jugs containingg from half a, gallon to ten gallons. It is used for all sorts of domestic purposess, for lemonade and for making mixed drinks at the bar and in clubs. The bad marksmanship of tile Chin ese at Wei Hal Wei is noted, it. is stated as a fact by military men that the dark skinned or non-Caucasian races are always inferior in marksman ship to the white races. It. seems as if no amount of practice could give them the steadiness of nerve required to make good shots with either large or Kmall arms. This is one vast advan tage that the civilized races possess over the uncivilized in war. There is a theater in Paris for every .12,000 inhabitants, one in Berlin for 81,000, one in Bordeaux for 84.000, one in Buda-l'esth for 8ö,000, one in Ham burg for 113,000, one in Vienna for 138,000 and one in London for $135, 000. There are more theaters propor tionately to the population, in Italy than in any other country, there being oUe to inhabitants in Catania, one to $15,000 in Florence, one to 20, 000 in Bologna, one to 24,000 at Venice, one to 30,000 at Milan and Turin and one to 31,000 In Uomc. SCIENTIFIC MATTERS. nfiw inventions and discov eries. A Machine for Registering? Both the Movements of Employer» anil Em ploye»—How the Intensity of Light Is Measured. The latest device for registering time <jf employes is that controlled by the Dey Patents Company of Syracuse, N. Y., says the New York Tribune. The machine is extremely simple aud stands in the same relation to the movements of each individual connected with a business as a cabinet letter-file and copying book does towards the letters which go from aud come to that house by mall. Each individual lias his own number. When he goes out. or comes in he brings the lever in front of his num ber on tlie dial, presses his thumb, a bell rings and the record made. The importance of this machine can hardly be estimated. In the first place it is an educational force; it. brings every one face to face with time. A great many employes for their own sake need such a monitor, and very often it is the head of the house that needs it most. Time slips If, Charles Dey. away and escapes. Why not. record, file the record and analyze it? Suppose that any large house in New York City should make this experiment. Say there are 100 individuals to a concern, in cluding the president of the corporation, or, in case of a partnership, the senior partner, down to the porters and errand boy. Every one registers for the period of one week. At the end of this week the record supplied by the Time liebs ter is analyzed aud studied. What a load lifted from the hands of those re sponsible for the conduct of the busi ness! The conditions, formerly vague, are now fixed and certain. The amount of time each individual is putting in, just where lie has been, just what lie has been doing, is so well in hand that the conduct of that business can be managed by an able executive with from three to four times as much en ergy as under the old condition. For, it must be remembered that the use of a Time Register involves no distrust whatever between master and employe. Every good business man knows that his employes are trying to earn their money and to keep their places. He does not. distrust their disloyalty or their zeal; he distrusts their judgment and their ability to make the best use of their time. Had they the same judg ment and ability as himself they would not be employes, but employes of labor. Now. how can a business man teach an employe to make the best use of his time without knowing the exact, use he is making of it? But what question? There must be a basis for asking these The Dey Time Hejglxter. questions. This basis is furnished by the records of the Time Register. Armed with these, the executive head can put. just those queries which are most crucial, can satisfy himself abso lutely with regard to every movement which lias been made during the day, week or month and can do justice to tlie employes and to tlie bvwiness for which he is responsible and for which the em ployes are responsible. In a word, lie has the materials for a bird's-ete view of everything which lias been done, is being done and which shall be done. How the Intennity of Light Is Mena iired. The measurement of the intensity of light is called photometry, and the in struments used phtometers, from the Greek plios light, and metron measure. The methods by which the intensity is measured are mostly based upon the fact that it is easy to approximately detect by the eye when two similar •urfaces are equally illuminated, says Loudou Tit-Bits. The illumination on a given area of a screen from any light is inversely proportional to the square of the distance between the light and tiio screen, and tills is the foundation of all photometric calculations. Hum ford's photometer consists of a screen with a cylindrical rod placed a short distance away. Each of the two lights I which are to be compared throws a I shadow of this rod on the screen, and I the lights are moved until the two . shadows are equally illuminated. The ratio of the two lights is obtained by calculating the distances of each from the screen, and taking the ratio of the squares; naturally, the brighter light is the farther away. Bunscu's photome ter consists of a screen made of two parts, the one being more transparent t lia n the other. The old form was a paper screen with a grease spot. The grease spot, however, was found to be rather unsatisfactory, so, ,'ustead of this, a screen consisting partly of one and partly of two thicknesses of crown glass lias been used. Many other pho tometers have been introduced in recent years with the special object of testing the illuminating power of arc lamps. It is usual to give the illuminating pow er of any source In terms of the stand ard candle, the standard candle being made of spermaceti, weighing one-sixth of a pound, and burning 120 grains of material per hour. An Argand gas humer is. however, generally held as the official test-burner for gas. gas What I* the Ether? The attempt to explain the nature of ether or of the matter at once raises the question whether ether is matter. Now, of course, a great deal depends upon the definition of terms, and it is perhaps liest to confine our attention at first to the structure of matter rath er than its nature. The properties and behavior of matter as it is ordinarily recognized are largely known, and it is only a question of the propriety or pos sibility of including both in one general view. Clerk Maxwell regards as a proper test of a material substance its ability to contain and transmit energy. He then points out that energy cannot exist except, in connection with matter; that in the space between the sun and the earth, the luminous and thermal radiations which have left the sun and which have not. reached the earth pos sess energy in definitely measurable amount, and therefore this energy must belong to matter in the inter-planetary spaces. On the other hand, Prof. Dol bear stands as an exponent of the views of others who decline so to class the ether when he says: "If, then, the ether fills the space, is not atomic in structure, presents no friction to bodies moving through it, and is not subject, to the law of gravitation, it does not seem proper to call it hiatter." But Prof. Dolbear has previously an nounced as his criterion of .natter, the possession of prop?rty of gravitative attraction. On such grounds we may cri cede each view to be correct, but we are brought at once to the old question, "What is matter?"—Popular Science Monthly. Machinery Driven toy Moane Power. A gentleman in Scotland has trained a couple of mice and invented ma- j chinery for enabling them to spin yarn. ; The work is done on the treadmill prin- j ciple. It is so constructed that the com mon house mouse is enabled to make atonement to society for past offenses by t wisting and reeling from 100 to 120 threads per day. To complete it the lit tle pedestrian has to run 10V4 miles. This journey it performs every day with ease. An ordinary mo .»se weighs only half an ounce. A halfpenny worth of oatmeal at Is. 3d. the peck serves one of these treadmill culprits for the long period of five weeks, says London Tit-Bits. In that time it makes 110 threads per day, being an averago of 3,850 threads of 55 inches, which is nearly nine lengths of the reel. A penny is paid to women for every cut in the ordinary way. At this rate a mouse earns !)d. every five weeks, which is one farthing per day, or 7s. Gd. per annum. Take (id. off for board, and Is. for ma chinery, there will arise 6s. clear profit from the mouse yearly. The mouse em ployer is going to make application for the lease of an old empty house, the dimensions of which are 100 feet by 50 feet and fifty feet in height, which, at a moderate calculation, will hold 10,000 mouse mills, sufficient room being left for keepers and some hundreds of spec tators. Allowing £200 for rent aud taskmasters, £10.000 to erect machinery and £500 for the interest, there will be left a balance of £2,300 per annum. Elect rlcnlly-Propelled Vehicles. It Is a long time siuce experiments were first begun in connection with electric vehicles for use on an ordinary street or hard road, but it is only re cently that they have been carried to a point of success. The difficulty lias not been to get a vehicle that could be moved along the streets at any desired rate of speed and in any desired direc tion, but in supplying the motive power at a price that would permit successful competition with horseflesh. The diffi culty is now said to have been over come. New types of batteries have been introduced which take up little room and which may be kept charged at a small expense, with sufficient pow er fo meet all the necessities of the case. For the new vehicles it is claim ed that they can be propelled along the thoroughfares at any rate of speed that may be desired and without making any noise. No difficulty is experienced in making them thread their way among the mass of other vehicles or in keeping them under perfect control. Those already built have broad tires, but it is proposed to introduce pneu matic tires, which will be lighter and more satisfactory.— The Electrical Be view. Dnng'erM of Hani Woter. There s?ems to be just now one of those spasmodic revivals of interest in tlie condition of the water supply that occasionally occur after some epidemic or other visitation of disease. There art: some very peculiar ideas on the subject of water drinking aud the sort of water that is most desirable, and certain supposedly learned members of the medical profession hold to theories in this line that the average layman finds it difficult to reconcile with com mon sense and the generally accepted ideas of the world. For example: It has been declared as an absolute .et that cholera, kidney troubles and many other diseases are rare in localities where only pure, soft water is used. The presence of lime and salt is favor able to these maladies, and yet some «f these doctors advocate the clearing ami softening of water by the use of lime. Now if, as one class of doctors claim, Unie is tiie Injurious element in hard water, producing calculi of various sorts, why is lime-water so strongly insisted upon and prescribed by others? According to ava'Jable evi dence. one might revamp the old saw to read: "When doctors disagree, tlie patient may die on so-called scientific lines." Ail k ii u r m oiin liu'it Scale. Tlie Watervliet arsenal has just turn ed out what is said to be the largest scale in the world. It is made for weighing guns, and has a capacity of 150 tons. Nowadays results are secured by accuracy, and whether one wants a gun or gumdrop it is necessary to know precisely how much of every in gredient In its composition is needed. Careful weighing and measuring in j sures uniformity in product, and saves a great deal of time, vexation and un certainty, to say nothing of cost. The consequence of this increased attention to details is much higher grade goods and no uncertain or experimental arti cles to be thrown back on tlie makers' hands as useless. A Mechanical l'*lui<l. An ingenious device is the iuvention of C. W. Hunt, an American engineer. It is a mass of hard steel balls of two sizes, one eighth and one-fourth of. an inch in diameter, respectively. Under pressure this mass moves and trans mits pressure in all directions like a fluid. Tlie device is calculated for use wherever fluid pressure is desired with out leakage, and it has already been employed for tightening the brasses of connecting rods, a pocket at the side being filled with the balls and pressure applied with a set screw.—Engineer I "EVYR VnTTM*" 1 PFfVPT L 1 " V/XL 1 UlJi\tT r LUrLi!/, INTERESTING SUBJECTS FOR THE YOUNG. The Selenee of Curves Which All Pitehers Should Master—Zealous Liittle Partisan—A Cherished Docu ment, It is pretty generally admitted that the pitcher is the most important play er on the diamond. To bo a good pitcher requires not only perfect con trol of the ball in all methods of its straight delivery, but the ability to toss in the puzzling curves which lead to so many strike-outs. Arthur Cummings, of the old Star team, of Brooklyn, was the first ball player to make practical use of the curve, says the New York World., lie experimented and practised for a long time before he could explain the ap parent anomaly of a ball thrown from the liaud changing its direction hori zontally during the course of its flight. Scientists have formed many theories trying to explain why this is so. The one generally accepted as correct is simple. If one side of a ball can be made to pass through the air with greater rapidity than the other side there is greater friction produced by the atmosphere on the side moving most, rapidly. This retarding effect drags the ball to one side and produces the so-called curve. To curve a ball, therefore, it is only necessary to make one side travel faster than the other. This is accomplished by twisting the * « The Ont Cnrvc. hand sharply at the moment of deliv ery, allowing the ball to roll off tlie fingers instead of being released from all points at the same moment. To produce tlie in curve grasp the ball firmly between the thumb and first two fingers, the remaining fingers being doubled in the hand. Throw the ball at a height, equal to the shoulder. At the instant of releasing it from the hand twist the fingers sharply towards the body, allowing the ball to roll off their ends. The firm hold on the ball in throwing this "shoot" permits of both greater speed and greater accu racy than in almost any other deliv ery. For the out-curve secure the ball In the hand by pressing it firmly between the fingers and base of the thumb. In delivering the ball to the batsman throw the arm forward midway be tween the shoulder and waist, the palm of the hand up. At the moment of re leasing the ball turn or twist the hand quickly to the left, allowing the ball to roll off the side of the first fiuger. Although this is the easiest of ail curves to pitch, it is most difficult to control. Only practice will make per fect in this. As great speed as pos sible should be used, for a swift ball changing direction only a few feet from the batsman is much more difficult to hit than one traveling slowly and curv ing half a dozen yards from the home plate. For an upslioot the ball Is grasped in the same manner as for the in curve. In throwing, however, the hand is brought down palm forward, perpen dicularly in front of the body, the ball rolling off the end of the fingers as tlie hand is twisted suddenly down ward. Very few but professional players ever master the drop curve. Almost all amateurs throw iustead the "out drop," which, as its name indicates, is a curve half way between the out and the drop. This is not at all diffi cult to pitch. The ball Is grasped as for the out curve, but in throwing the hand passes diagonally across the body from a little above the right shoulder to about the height of the belt on tlie left side. The ball is released when directly in front of the home plate. In the true drop curve the hand travels perpendicularly in front of, and the palm towards the body. It is very difficult to give sufficient speed to a ball thrown in this manner. It is the lack of force which makes the down curve so hard for amateurs to mas ter. There are variations on the regular up, down, iu and out shoots which are wonderfully effective when learned. The "up-out" is such a one. In princi ple it is the same as tlie. "out." In de % vx. PoMition for In Curve. livcring the ball, however, the hand is brought from low doin on the right side diagonally upwards across the body. A combination of lie drop and the in-slioot is the most difficult curve of any that a batsman liaK to face. In fact, if the ball is rveH placed, if is practically impossible fifr liim to touch it. The curve is thrown much the saun as the drop, save ti,|i the hand is brought from over tlie left shoulder diagonally to-wards tie right leg. After endeavoring to tempt a liats liiau with various cuites, a straight ball thrown with great (speed is some times very effective. Professional pitchers lind, also, tint changing their position in the box fron one side to the other, from the rear ltd the front, or from the center to one of the sides will often produce a g»otl result. There should be a thorough under standing between pitcher and catcher, and a set of signals which each may use to tell the other what kind of a ball' —straight or curved, high or low—is to follow. The pitcher should practice constantly in order to retain control of I-■ Q N k The In Curve. the ball. This control aud ability fo place the sphere wherever wanted is three-fourths the battle. A Stragrtlo Movement. The boys who are brought up under a military system certainly learn the art of strategy. This was well illus trated in Prussia some years ago in the following manuer: The receptions of a certain Prussian general's wife were for some reason uncongenial to the youths under his command, and unfrequented by them. The general, a strict martinet, was im prudent enough to reproach them with their shortcomiugs in this matter, and to demand a change in their manners. At his very next ball, when the guests were assembled, the tramp, tramp of marching feet was heard upou the staircase, tlio door was thrown open, and there inarched into the room a whole corps of cadets, who, with their young officer at their head, halted and stood at attention. "What is the meaning of this?" shouted the general. "The first corps of cadets, to danc ing commanded!" replied the youth, saluting as though on parade. "Take them away!" screamed the general, beside himself with rage. "Right about face, march!" was the calm and unmoved answer, and the cadets marched out in the same order as they had entered.—Harper's Young Tecple. Promising: Pupil. The "Life of Gen. Sir Hope Grant" contains an amusing account of the teaching carried on, perhaps fifty years ago, in the dame school of an English village. A little fellow was brought forward as a show pupil when some ladies were visiting the school, and responded thus to questioning. "What's the first letter of ihe alpha bet?" asked the daine. "Ah don't know." "We must give him a commence ment, ma'am," said the teacher, aside. "A is the first letter. What's the sec ond?" "Ah don't know." "What is it that buzzes about the garden?" "Files." "Thou art a stupid boy. Bees buzzes about the garden. B's the second let ter. What's the third?" "Ah don't know." "What do I do when I look at thee?" "Thou squintest." "Oh, thou stupid boy! Do I not see thee? C is the third letter. Now what do two and two make?" This time the boy answered with tri umphant readiness: "Five!" "See, ma'am," said the old dauie, exultingly, "how nigh he is to it!" ZealnuM Little Partlaan. When Gen. Forrest, of the Confeder ate forces, was in fierce pursuit of the raiding rarty of Col. Straight, a brave little girl became his helper. One day, « w I //' L V. .1 /" when he was nearing the bridge over tlio Estananla, this lassie, fourteen or fifteen years old. appeared in the road before Iii m and signed to him to halt. "The Yankees have halted at thj bridge," said she. "They'll fire upon you if you go within sight." "Isn't, there a ford above, where we can cross?" asked Forest. "Oh, yes, a little more than a mile above there is a good ford." "Well, can't you guide me to it?" "Yes, indeed! Take me up behind you. I know the way well." She climbed a stump, sprang up be hind him, and pointed out the route he must take. "Now you had better stop here," she said, after they had goue nearly a mile. "For after you pass that tiin I her they can see you from the ford, j By this time they may have sent some i soldiers up there and they will shoot j you if you pass that point." I So Forrest dismounted, and accom I panied by several of the officers at the ' head of the column, advanced to the ! timber, and was peering round it 1 when the enemy at tlie ford opened I fire upon them. lie was amazed ppd ! alarmed when the little girl darted i past him, and spreading out lier little ! frock, cried: I "Get behind me! Get behind me!" ! He snatched her up, drew her to a \ place of safety, and then charged and ! drove back the enemy. No braver soldier than Iiis little helper had ever j entered the field. : Buffalo lias 40.000 Poles living chief : ly in a quarter of their own where En glish is little spoken and many busi ness sig'is are in Polish or Russian. ; The colonists retain many of tliWr ; native characteristics and slowly con ; form to American ways. The colony is mie of the largest foreign elements to be found in any American city of the BEAR AND UMBRELLA. Brain I. Not So Coaraffeon. n* He !■ Commonly Painted. How much danger is there to the pound in a wild black bear when you meet him in his haunts, accidentally and at close quarters? Mrs. C. F. La tham, wife of mine host at Oak Lodge, on the Indian river peninsula (Brevard county, Fla.), can tell you exactly. There Is a cleared train leading from this same lodge-ln-a-vast-wilderness to the beach half a mile away. It runs through a dense and fearfully taugled jungle of cabbage palmetto, live oak and saw palmetto, which forms a liv ing wall on each side of the trail. About twelve months ago Mrs. La tham was returning from the beach alone, and armed only with an um brella. When just a quarter of a mile from this very porch, she heard the rustling of some animal coming toward her through the saw palmettos. Think ing it must be a raccoon, she. quickly picked up a chunk of palmetto wood, and held it ready to whack Mr. Coon over the head the instant, he emerged. All at once, with a mighty rustling, out stepped a big black bear within six feet of lier! The surprise was mu tual and profound. Naturally Mrs. Latham was scared, but. not out of her wits, and she decided that to ran would be to invite pursuit and possible attack. She stood lier ground and said nothing, and the bear rose on his hind legs fo get a better look at her, making two or three feints in her direction with his paws. Mrs. Latham pointed her umbrella at the bear and quickly open ed and closed It two or three times. "AVoof!" said the bear. Turning about, lie plunged into the palmettos and went crashing away, while the lady ran homeward as fast as she could go. So much for the "savage and agressive" disposition of the black bear.— W. T. Homaday in St. Nicholas. SAVED HIS PARTY Why Senator Harri* Entered Poll tics Nearly Half a Century Ago. This Is how Senator Harris came to enter political life. He told the story to a Washington Post reporter in the cloak room the other day. It hap pened away back in 1847, nearly fifty years ago. In one of the state senator ial districts iu Tennessee two Demo crats were in the field, while the Whigs were united upon one candidate. This meant tlie defeat of both Democrats unless one of tlieni would withdraw. A crowd of gray-headed Democrats waited upon Mr. Harris. "If you will announce yourself as a candidate," said they, "it will force a convention or a primary, one mail will be named, and a split in the party will be averteil." Into the tight went Mr. Harris. Ile appealed to the rival candidates to draw straws, pitch head or tails, have a primary, do anything that would leave the field open to one or the other. They would not do it. A meeting was held. Mr. Harris took one candidate by tlie hand, led him to the front of the platform, and said: "If you will with draw, I will." "No," said the determined aspirant. Mr. Harris took the other man. brought him into the view of the peo ple, and made the same proposition to iiini. He also refused. All the oostinacy of Mr. Harris' na ture was aroused. "Then I will stay in myself," said lie, "and I will lieat all three of you—two Democrats and one Whig." And lie did it. He had a majority of 350 votes, tlie largest ever polled in that district. While lie was in tlie legislature the state convention was held and lie was made a presidential elector. "This was the beginning of all my woes," says Mr. Harris, "for then I was led irretrievably into political life." Where There Are No Odors. ' In tl:at country once known as tlie 'Great American Desert,' embracing a portion of Texas and Arizona, there are no odors," said It. P. Sen ter of Dallas. "These luscious grapes and many other fruits grow, especially near the cross timber country, out ihere is no perfume ; wild flowers have no smell; and carcasses of dead animals, which In dry seasons are very plenti ful, en.it no odors. It was always sup posed to be a treeless plain, upon which no plant could grow or breathing thing could live; but a large part of it is now successfully cultivated, and but for the rarity of the atmosphere, caus ing the peculiarity I have named, and the mirages, which are even more per fect, than in the desert of Sahara, no one would look upon it as a barren country now. Another similar feature common to the desert land is that ob jects at a distance appear greatly mag nified. A few scraggy mosquito bushes will look like a noble forest; stakes driven into the ground will seem like telegraph poles."—Cincinnati Enquirer. An Optical Illusion. The apparent rise and fall of tele graph lines as you pass them in the train is an optical illusion caused by the fact that the weight of the wires makes them dip between the supporting posts to a level considerably lower than their points of support on the posts. No wire could bear the strain of being stretched quite level. Some slack to allow for tills dip is absolutely necessary. Hence the course of the wires is a succession of curves, with the convexities down ward; and the eye, when rapidly pass ing them transversely, notes that the wires rise toward the approaching post and sink as they leave the receding one. The illusion is that the wires and not we appear to be moving. A similar illu sion may be noted in looking at a field of furrows, if these be at right angles to the railway. In this case, as by the laws of perspective, all receding parallel lines converge to a vanishing point; the furrows appear as the spokes of a huge wheel rapidly revolving with the van ishing point as its axle. More Uses for Aluminum. As the experiments with aluminum continue, new uses are constantly being found for it and its valuable qualities are more highly appreciated. Boats and sleiiges of aluminum were tak en by Mr. Wellman on his great polar expedition. The United States life-sav ing service boats are the models upon which the expedition boats were con structed. As showing the progress in boat building for long carrying, where weight is an important item, it may lie said thai, while the boats used in the Parry expedition weighed 1,700 pounds, those for Wellman weigh 350 to 400 pounds. According to all accounts, they are among the best specimens of this sort of work turned out. The sleighs have watertight compartments and will float with tliolr load if necessary. No More Gambling;. That a man should look after money lost in gambling with penitent eyes and vow never again to bo tempted to like sinful foolishness seems not so strange. But Gen. Maury, in his Kec ollections of a Virginian," tells how lie was led to a similar decision by nil opposite experience. The occurrence took place while he was an instructor at West Point. We had a very jovial and humorous set of young officers at. the academy for several years after the Mexican war, and great kindness of feeling pre vailed. We played whist, dime points, faro and brag at the same moderate rate. It was noted that at faro we almost invariably broke the bank. One winter 1 was laid up for many weeks by an injury to my leg. received while riding, and my room, during all that time, was the gathering place after dinner. The card table was drawn up to my bed, und I played my hand till fired nnd sleepy. One night we were playing brag, and as I became drowsy, little Frank Clarke said he would play my hand for me while 1 slept. When 1 awoke, the next morning, 1 found under my pillow the greatest amount 1 had ever won at. cards. I reflected that it was a demoralizing amusement; that avarice, the basest of human liassions, was its moving impulse; that often, at. tlio card table, I observed some show of feeling that, left. an unpleasant remembrance against a comrade, and that none of us could afford to win or lose even a few dollars: so I ceased all play for money, and have been glad of it' ever since. Thine« Von Can Bay for a Cent. "The penny store appeals to me now with a fresh interest," said a young father, and 'Give me a penny,' lias a new significance. My youthful daugh ter has found the penny store, and she lias discovered me as a source of supplies. It is wonderful tiie variety of things that can be boaght for a pen ny, and it is astonishing the variety of things that she buys. Candies she buys of many kinds that are new to me, and which must have been invented since tlie not very remote period when I was a child myself. There are now more kinds to choose from, and they are sold in a greater variety of forms, at. two for a cent, or three or four, and some of the stick candies sold now are a foot or so long, though they are more attenuated than their shorter brothers. And she buys articles of fur niture. pianos and chairs and Illings like that for a cent apiece, and pln wlieel papers a lot of them for a cent, and all different colors, and those lit tle rubber bags tli.it you blow up and that make a funny squeaking noise when you expel tlie air from them; paper dolls, little blank books and a great lot of things fascinating to the youthful mind. • W'lien we walk abroad, she runs ahead as we approach the penny store, so that she may have the more time to gaze at the treasures in tlie window. Of all the shop windows that is the only one that interests lier, and as 1 see her looking intently iu and think of the many thousands of other children just like her, it is easy to see where the profit on penny goods comes in."—New York Sun. A Chcri.ihed Document. I'lie simple people of Alsace, who ! retain iu their hearts a strong love i for France at tlie same time that they 1 are desirous not to offend their Ger man rulers too much, have a hard time j of it when they are brought to the bal , lot-box to vote for representatives in I (lie German parliament. In one elec tion in a Certain Alsatian district the two candidates were Ivable, an Alsa j tian of French sympathies, who had : protested against l lie annexation after the war of 1870. and a German. On election day a peasant came fo the I polling place, which was presided over by a German official. The peasant hud ! in one hand a ticket on which was ! printed the name of Kable, and in the other a ticket bearing the name of the German candidate. "Mein Herr." lie said to the German election officer, "will you tell me which of these two tickets is the better one?" The officer looked at them. "Why, t Iiis is much preferable," said lie. indicating the German's ticket, "Ah, I thank you!" answered the peasant. "I will keep it next uiy heart." He folded it. carefully and put it iu his inside coat pocket. "As for this other, then," said he, with an air of putting it away from him as an unworthy tiling, "I will leave it here!" And lie put the Kable ticket iu the ballot-box. Real Beauty. A reply which was at once wise and witty is said to have been made by a gentleman to whose decision in regard to a certain matter two pretty young girls appealed. They were discussing tiie question as to what constitutes beauty in a hand, and differed greatly in opinion. At last they referred the matter to the old man, of whom they were both very fond. "My dears," said the old gentleman, with a kindly smile, "the question is too hard a one for mc to decide. But ask the poor, and they will tell you that the most beautiful hand in the world is the hand that gives the most freely." Soaked Up. Monsieur Calino is fond of instruct ing his young son in natural history, and never fails to give a prompt an swer to any question that he may ask. One day Calino Junior asked Calino Senior where the water which was ir the brooks went to. "Into the rivers," -said monsieur. "And where does the water in the rivers go to?" "Into the sea." "And where does the water in the sea go to?" "It is absorbed by the sponges at tin bottom," answered Monsieur Calino. It has been found that the recent caisson explosion iu Chicago was caused by defective shells, which are so dan gerously numerous among the shells now furnished the artillery that no more orders for the missiles will be sent to the manufacturer who has been guilty of carelessness. With such shells soldiers would be In more dauger from their own ammunition than from the ammuuition of the enemy. Let no man, boy or dog chase cows these days, if you ever allow it. Use particular care in this regard in the case of cows soon to come in. Quiet rest lu the shaded nook should be theirs rather than dogged exposure to sun.