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The Dupuyer acantha. [volume] (Dupuyer, Mont.) 1894-1904, August 22, 1901, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036266/1901-08-22/ed-1/seq-2/

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GEORGE W. MAGEE, Editor.
©UPUYER, MONTANA.
Christian Klucker, a Swiss guide in
the Rocky mountains, has a record of
8,000 mountain ascents without an ac
eident to himself or his party.
This Buffalo is the same sanguine
little city that was bragging a few
months ago that its fair should be
ready when the opening day arrived.
It is too soon to tell whether the
reduction in the size of the page which
several metropolitan daily newspapers
are making is merely an advertising
experiment, or the beginning of an
important permanent change. The
daily newspapers are much too large;
they absorb so much time as to leave
little for more serious reading.
Sweden and Norway both boast sev
eral homes for unmarried women. One
of these was endowed more than 200
years ago by a man who left the bulk
of his fortune to his spinster descend
ants. The home is managed by sal
aried trustees, and the unmarried
woman who can prove kinship to the
founder is entitled to a home there.
In the new mint in Philadelphia the
United States will have the finest, cost
liest, and moBt complete money-mak
ing establishment of its kind in the
world. The granite structure was com
menced two years ago and will cost
about |2,000,0o0, including the me
chanical equipment, costing $200,000.
Thère will be 24 coining presses in the
new mint
A physician who has recently re
turned from Persia says that the na
tives still believe that human tears
are a remedy for certain chronic dis
eases. At every funeral the bottling
of mourners' tears is one of the chief
features of the ceremony. Each of the
mourners is presented with a sponge
with which to mop his face and eyes,
and after the burial these sponges are
presented to the priest, who squeezes
the tears into bottles, which he keeps.
The Forestry Department of the St.
Louis fair intends to have an exhibi
tion that will be an object lesson to
all who see it of the practical side of
wood working in all its phases and
branches. It will show the woods of
the country and the uses to which
they are adapted; it will endeavor to
Show where they grow, at what price
the standing timber can be bought,
the size of the tract, accessibility, and
everything that a prospective pur
chaser would want to know.
Prince Alphonse, the nephew of the
Prince Regent of Bavaria, is the man
of the hour in Bavaria. He has re
ceived the "Blue Letter," which means
he has been officially degraded. He
was not severe enough to please the
military, and the mistake he made was
to manifest too much consideration
for the horses in his care. During
the last maneuvers, on reaching a steep
and stony descent, Prince Alphonse or
dered the men to dismount, so that the
horses might be spared. It is claimed
the order completely upset the plan of
action. Popular feeling is intense
against the authorities who have
brought about the prince's dismissal.
It is believed to be the first time a
Bavarian prince has received the 'Blue
Letter."
The sumptuous chapel built to com
memorate the many victims of the ter
rible fire which took place a few years
ago at the Charity Bazaar in Paris is
now finished, and is generally consid
ered to be exceptionally artistic and
appropriate. It contains, however, a
very curious Optical illusion. The dome
is painted by Maignan, and represents
the Virgin surrounded by angels car
rying the implements of the Passion,
with the victims of the awful catas
trophe rising from their graves at hei
feet. Seen from the right-hand side,
the Virgin and angels alone appear,
but if the spectator goes to the left he
sees only the unfortunate victims as
cending to glory, the Madonna and hei
celestial host, by an ingenious arrange
ment of the light, being no longer
visible.
While a crew of stone laborers were
working an excavation through the
Forman clift, two miles east of New
port, R. I., for the bed of the Tennessee
and North Carolina railroad,they found
a human female skeleton 19 inches in
height, in a perfect state of preserva
tion. The only anomaly was the teeth,
which were 200 in number and had no
sockers, but were developed from and
grew upon the jaw bone with no ad
jacent valvular process. The bontja
were hermetically sealed and sent to
the Smithsonian Institution. The skel
eton was found in solid rock ten feel
from the face and eight feet from the
top of clift, in a cavity two feet by 15
inches. About the cavity was no
I opening crevice or aperture for the
I skeleton to enter since the formation
jof the clift, more than 2,000 years ago.
FAEM AND GARDEN
MATTERS OF INTEREST TO
AGRICULTURISTS.
Some rp -to-Hute Hints About Cultiva
tion of the Soil and Yields Thereof—
Horticulture, Viticulture and Fl orient
tore.
Rape and Its Cultivation.
J. H. Skinner, assistant agricultur
ist of the Indiana Experiment Sta
tion, sends out a press bulletin on
rape growing. We believe this plant
to be very valuable to the farmer and
would advise its more general grow
ing. The bulletin referred to is as fol
lows:
Rape is a succulent plant belonging
to the cabbage family. It grows rap
idly, making a large amount of green
food, upon which pigs and sheep grow
well. To make a success of rape, select
a rich piece of land free from weeds.
Plow deep, then roll—if not too moist,
and harrow till the soil is finely' pul
verized and well firmed down. Finish
the preparation by running a plank
drag over it. Such a seed bed will
germinate the seed quickly and enable
the plants to withstand dry weather.
I prefer to have the plowing done just
before sowing. This will give the rape
an even start with the weeds.
Sow with garden seed-drill, three
pounds, or five pounds broadcast per
acre. When drilled the rows should
not be more than 20 to 24 inches apart.
Drill sowing will permit cultivation,
which will keep down weeds, conserve
moisture and increase the yield.
Where drilled the animals destroy less
as they walk, and lie down between
the rows. If sown broadcast cover
with harrow or weeder and roll. In
many cases it is well to roll the drill
sowing also.
The season will control time of seed
ing. Do not sow until the ground has
become warm enough to quickly germ
inate the seed, as it comes up better
and grows more rapidly. Usually it
should not be sown before the middle
of April—in this latit"de of north cen
tral Indiana. It is best to sow at in
tervals of ten days to two weeas. By
the use of low hurdles, this will give
fresh pasture throughout the season,
as the early sowing can be grazed off
a second time. This also makes less
waste as the stock does not run over
it so much. Rape may be sown in the
corn just before the last cultivation.
If the soil is not too dry, it will grow
well unless the corn is very large and
thick. Where thus sown it makes
splendid pasture for lambs from Sep
tember till cold weather. Some men
have had success in sowing rape with
oats. This however is not a sure way
as the season will have much to do
with it.
It is a good plan to have the rape
patch near the barns and alongside of
the pasture. This brings the animals
under the stockman's eye, and if a
lamb "bloats" he is there to give it at
tention. If the stock can go freely
back and forth between the pasture
and rape, it will save trouble, time,
labor and even loss. Rape thus sup
plements the pasture, making fat
lambs and good pigs. Where sheep
have access to both rape and grass,
they should not be turned on the rape
until the middle of the day when the
animals are not hungry enough to
gorge themselves, and the rape is free
from dew. If tney do not have the
run of the pasture, turn them on the
rape for an hour a day gradually in
creasing the time, until they become
accustomed to it. Then keep them on
it continuously till the end of the sea
son.
Some Clover Facts.
Clovers are among our most valu
able forage plants, but they will not
withstand the extremes of drouth and
heat that prevail over large sections
of the west every year and in other
sections of the same region some
years. Being soil renovators they can
be grown in rotation with other crops
to advantage. On account of the large
amount of protein they contain they
have a high feeding value. There are
several varieties of clovers grown in
this country, among which are the fol
lowing:
Red clover (Trifolium pratense).—
This is the most common variety, and
is grown successfully in the north
wherever the supply of moisture is suf
ficient. In dry sections it becomes un
certain. Some call it a parennial, but
it is scarcely more than a biennial, its
perennial character being often as
sumed by new plants springing up
from seeds dropped by the plants each
year. It makes a good hay, but is un
suited for permanent pasture. When
It Is desired to use it for pasture, as
a single plant, it is necessary to ro
tate, keeping the clover pasture in one
place for not more than two years.
Mammoth clover (trifolium medium)
resembles red clover, but has no
spots on the leaves. It is adapted to
more moist land than is red clover,
and under favorable conditions will
give a larger yield.
Alsike clover is a perennial clover
whose appearance suggests a hybrid
between red and white clover, but it is
not a hybrid. It will thrive on soil too
wet for red clover, but on ordinary
soil is probably not to be so highly
recommended. A writer says that it
should be sown with grasses to get
the best results.
White clover (trifolium repens) is a
low-growing perennial, spreading by
creeping stems. The flowers are white,
the older ones more or less purplish
tinged. It is of little value for hay
owing to its small growth, but is very
useful Tor beautifying lawns, and has
some value as a pasture plant. Some
farmers sow white clover seed with
bluegrass and consider it an assist
ant to the bluegrass pasture. It stands
drouth fairly well, and will grow on
soil too poor to give good yields of
some other pasture plants. In Ireland
it is called the shamrock.
Crimson clover (trifolium incarna
tum) is an erect annual a foot or two
hign. It bears scarlet flowers in ob
long heads. It was '-'ghly spoken of
some years ago as a soil renovator, but
of recent years has been quite gener
ally ignored in the north. In the
south it is proving valuable in some
localities.
Treat Oat* for Smut.
A communication from the Illinois
Experiment Station says that the av
erage per cent of smut in Illinois oat
fields as determined by several care
ful counts 4n over sixty counties of
the state last year, was 14 per cent.
Illinois produces the largest amount
of oats of any state in the union or
about 164,000,000 bushels for 1900. Mak
ing liberal allowances for variation
in estimates of yield and per cent of
smut the loss to the farmers of our
state from smut was not far from
15,000,000 or about $45 for every forty
acre oat field. This loss can be en
tirely prevented at a very slight ex
pense by the hot water or formalin
treatment of the seed.
Hot Water Treatment.—The appar
atus needed for this treatment consists
of an ordinary scalding kettle or any
arrangement for heating water, a bar
rel, several gunny sacks and an ac
curate thermometer.
The kettle should be partly filled
with 35 to 60 gallons of water and
heated until the temperature of the
water reaches 137 degrees F. The
gunny sacks should be about half filled
with one bushel of seed oats after they
have been fanned and cleaned. Dip
the sack of oats into the hot water,
taking care to keep the sack complete
ly under water and stirring it gently
to keep the water circulating through
every part of the sack. Treat for five
minutes at from between 132 and 137
degrees F. After treating dip imme
diately into the barrel filled with cold
water. This will cool the oats off
quickly and prevent over heating in
the center of the sack.
About two pecks by measure of the
wet oats should be added to the
amount desired to be sowed per acre,
to make up for the swollen seed. The
wet oats cannot be dried and should
be sown immediately after treating, by
hand or with a force seed drill. The
treating process quickens germination
and makes a more vigorous plant, thus
increasing the yield independent of the
destruction of the amut. It is advis
able to treat a part of the seed this
year, sow it apart from the general
crop, thresh separately and save this
seed for the general seeding the fol
lowing year. The treatment need not
be repeated oftener than once in three
years at most.
Cultivating the Orchard.
H. L. Dean of Illinois says: I con
sider good and thorough culture of the
utmost importance in growing fruits
successfully. First getting your
ground in the best possible condition
before setting out your plants or vines
and then frequently stirring and
loosening the ground during the grow
ing season. Now this is not only nec
essary during the growing season be
fore your trees and vines come into
bearing but especially is it true that
during their fruiting the ground must
be frequently stirred and kept pulver
ized, in order to have the best results
when gathering your fruits. By thus
keeping your ground in a loose, pli
able condition you counteract, in a
measure, the effect of drouths and en
able your fruit to keep on growing and
to some extent prevent their dropping.
Another condition also noticed, be
tween orchards cultivated and those
not cultivated the last few years, and
one I think the fruit grower will fully
appreciate is this; the orchards that
have been down to grass for a number
of years and have been bearing fairly
good crops of fruit as their owners
say, without any cultivation, are run
ning down noticeably while those
which have been thoroughly cultivated
are Improving every year. This is
gratifying to the orchardist and look
ing at his orchard he knows he has
been well repaid for all work put on
it. The fruit grower must watch his
trees and ought to be able to tell
whether his trees or vines are thriv
ing as well as the stock man who goes
around amongst his stock, can tell how
his stock is growing. If your trees
are not doing as well as you think
they ought you can improve their con
dition by judicious fertilizing, and es
pecially will it do wonders on young
trees.
In the schools of London 37,000 girls
were instructed in cooking during the
school year 1898-99.
Pa«tore Crop« for Hogs.
Pasture and range are necessary In
order to keep breeding swine in a
healthy condition and grow the stock
at a profit. The man who tries to raise
swine under other conditions is play
ing a losing game, and his balance will
be on the debtor side of the ledger
just as sure as we have day and night
Although these facts have been vouch
ed for many times by experiment sta
tions pnd successful swine raisers and
given wide publicity, thousands of
farmers still continue in trying to
raise hogs in a dry lot with nothing
but corn as a feed, with the expecta
tions of making it a profitable opera
tion.
A hog pasture does not mean a dust
lot with possibly a few old weeds off
in one corner, but a good and commo
dious range, and if planned to give the
best results, it will contain a variety
of crops, selected as to their food
value. 'The pasture should not be so
small that the hog is compelled to eat
his own filth to get the feed. Every
farm should have 6ix to eight acres
of hog pasture fenced purposely for
this use. This is in addition to what
range may be utilized outside at times.
Better far to have a little too much
than not enough. If the crop gets
ahead of the hogs and becomes woody
cut It off with the mower and a new
growth will start. This can be done
with many plants and will pay even If
the mowed portion is not gathered.
The pasture may be greatly fertilized
by this method in many cases. The
enclosure should be divided into two
or three parts, at least, so that whil«
one part is being pastured, crops may
be growing in the others.
While succulent food is very essen
tial the year round for growing and
breeding stock, the exercise is just as
necessary. Pigs confined in pens will
do much better if they have some
green feed, but the results will be
vastly better if the pigs are allowed
range and the chance to gather this
feed for themselves. Any green crop
is much better than no pasture, but
some crops for this purpose are very
much superior to others, and a variety
of crops, even though they may be
much alike in composition, are supe
rior to a single crop. Many swine
raisers that appreciate the value of a
hog pasture, do not realize the import
ance of giving attention to variety and
composition of the plants to be used,
In selecting the crops for a hog pasture
consider the composition of the plants
as you would consider the composition
of the grain in a ration. Bear in mind
that certain crops are rich in the food
nutrient protein, that is so essential in
the animal system to build up the
frame and muscles, and is very neces
sary in the food of breeding stock.
Crops of the opposite nature are rich in
carbohydrates, the heat and fat form
ing compounds. Endeavor to have
some of the former to pasture along
with the latter and the results will be
better.
Alfalfa Silage.
A bulletin of the Colorado station
thus summarizes the results of tests
of alfalfa as a silage crop: Some teste
were carefully made upon a small scale
to see what losses might be expected
in making silage of alfalfa. One test
was made with the alfalfa put in
whole as cut in the field, the othei
with the alfalfa cut into quarter-inch
pieces as we cut our corn for silage.
The whole alfalfa showed a spoiled
layer three inches thick on the top
and an inch layer around the side
nearly all the way down. The silage
of the bottom and middle was excel
lent and was greedily eaten by the
cows and calves. Its loss in the total
weight was 10.7 per cent, but its loss
in feeding value was probably a little
larger. The other silo was filled witb
cut alfalfa. The next day the silo
was covered with two thicknesses of
building paper and one of boards and
weighted with stone to about 55 pounds
per square foot. When covered, the
silage was hotter than the hand could
bear. Two days later the tempera
ture .ad fallen to 83 degrees F. and
in two days more had fallen to that ol
the air. The silage shrank and set
tled a good deal. When put in it con
tained 33 per cent of dry matter. On
opening, the silo showed 2 inches oi
spoiled silage on top and half an inch
on the sides. The spoiled silage was
7.3 per cent of the total weight. The
loss in dry matter was approximately
10 per cent. It is fair to presume that
with a good tight silo, well made
silage from cut alfalfa should not make
a larger loss than was here given in
our small experimental silo, or about
10 per cent of its feeding value. To
make good silage from whole alfalfa
is a much harder proposition. It re
quires that the alfalfa be quite green;
that the silo be both tight and deep;
that the alfalfa be thrown into the silo
in small forkfuls and carefully
tramped, and that it be weighted by
four to six feet of some heavy, tight
packing material like cut-corn fodder.
If the alfalfa is put up in the middle
of summer in clear, bright weather,
it mast be raked and loaded as fast
as cut. One lot we tried was too dry
for silage two hours after it was cut.
There's no use trying to "pump"
some people unless you know how to
handle them.
She Forjfot Her Ensilai».
A young Russian woman, who has
only been for a few months In this
country, is an intrepid speaker of Eng
lish, and is constantly telling her
friends that she has mastered the lan
guage in this short space of time with
DUt any difficulty whatever. The other
afternoon, when she called on a Balti
more girl, she was shown at once to
the boudoir of her hostess, and found
that young woman In charming neglige
costume.
"I hope you will pardon my desha
bille," the American girl said. "I have
Just come in."
"No, indeed, certainly not," the Rus
•ian maid replied, vivaciously, in her
pretty accent, "I would not do so, no,
no."
Then there was an embarrassed
pause, and the American girl had Just
commenced, in a constrained voice, to
talk of the weather and the Easter
frocks, when there were signs of wild
excitement from the Russian.
"The answer was 'yes,' " she ex
claimed. "I have it all wrong. I have
my English forgotten. The answer was
most certainly 'yes.' "
And then the conversation ran on
imoother lines.—Baltimore News.
The house of Walter Baker & Co.,
whose manufactures of cocoa and choc
olate have become familiar in the
mouth as household words, was estab
lished one hundred and twenty-one
years ago (1780) on the Neponset river
In the old town of Dorsetshire, a sub
urb of Boston. From the little wooden
mill, "by the rude bridge that arched
the flood," where the enterprise wai
first started, there has grown up the
largest industrial establishment of the
kind in the world. It might be said
that, while other manufacturers come
and go, Walter Baker & Co. go on for
ever.
What is the secret of their great suc
cess? It is a very simple one. They
have won and held the confidence of the
great and constantly increasing body
of consumers by always maintaining
the highest standard in the quality of
their cocoa and chocolate preparations,
and selling them at the lowest price for
which unadulterated articles of good'
quality can be put upon the market.
They welcome honest competition; but
they feel justified in denouncing in the
strongest terms the fraudulent methods'
by which inferior preparations are
palmed off on customers who ask for
and suppose they are getting the genu
ine articles. The best grocers refuse to
handle such goods, not alone for the
reason that, in the long run, it doesn't
pay to do it, but because their sense of
fair dealing will not permit them to aid
in the sale of goods that defraud their
customers and injure honest manufac-»
turers.
Every pajkage of the goods made by
the Walter Baker Company bears the
well-known trade mark "La Belle Choc
olatière," and their place of manufac
ture, "Dorchester, Mass." Housekeop
ers are advised to examine their pur
chases, and make sure that other goods
have not been substituted.
An attractive little book of ''Choice
Recipes" will be mailed free to any
housekeeper who »lends her name and
address to Walter Baker & Co., Ltd.,
153 State Street, Boston, Mass.
MsrUnman Will After Prlcea.
From Aiken county comes a story of
Center Hitchcock and George Pollftck,
who is one of the crack plegeon shots
of this country. At a recent shoot a
spent shot from Mr. Pollock's gun found
a lodging against Mr. Hitchcock's leg.
It did not break the skin, but he limped
painfully over to Mr. Pollock and up
braided him as follows:
"George, did you know that you had
shot me?"
"No; I didn't know it."
"Well, I just thought you'd like to
know it."
"Why should I want to know it? It
doesn't interest me at all. Why, If I
had killed you I wouldn't have won the
prize."—New ork Worly.
"Den Hnr's" Clone Squeak.
Success with a book is something like
having lightning strike you. Up in
Mackinac last summer Gen. Wallace
told me how narrowly "Ben Hur" es
caped publication. It was examined by
two of Harper's readers, who reported
rather adversely on It, thinking it
would not be a good seller. Finally Mrs.
Harper, a lady of strong religious tend
encies, read it, and advised her husband
to risk the expense of printing the
book. Then there was ''Dr. Jekyl and
Mr. Hyde," which ran a somewhat sim
ilar gantlet and was almost rejected.—
Booth Tarkington, in Washington In
terview.
Remedy That Worked.
Of course the other Ostrich knew pre
cisely what would knock that cold.
"It's all caused by indigestion, old
bird," said he. "I know just how it is!
Suffered everything myself until I ran
across Pepsicated Tabloids, and went
to taking them regularly! Now I can
eat a horseshoe Newburg just before
going to roost, and get up in the morn
ing bright as a button. Fact!"—Detroit
Journal.
Reformation.
"What's become of that friend of
yours who used to write poetry?"
"Do you mean Giddings?"
"Yes."
"O, he's reformed."
"How so?"
"He has stopped writing poetry, an'd
now is general manager of a peanut
stand."—Detroit Free Press.
In Their Dreams.
"Yes: I declined an offer of $5,000 a
week to play the Iceum circuit," said
the Vaudeville Soubrette.
"Hugh! I never dream 'em that way.
always accept, commented the Seltzer
Water Comedian.—Baltimore American.

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