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GEOUGË \V. MAGEE, Editor. ©UriJYKR, MONTANA. The smallest bird is the humming bird of Brazil. It is a little larger than the common honey bee, and weighs about five grains. A pot which cannot boil over ha3 been invented by a Berlin machinist. It has a perforated rim, and the over flowing liquid returns to the utensil. Smuggled goods in large quantities are brought from Windsor, Ontario, to Detroit. Most of this work is done by women, who secrete the smuggled ar ticles under their skirts. In some of the Windsor stores are private dress ing-rooms for the patrons, where they carefully prepare themselves to elude the vigilance of Uncle Safh's customs officers. The millionaire Gravil Solodovni koff, who recently died at Moscow, left all his possessions, valued at 25,000,000 rubles, for the founding of high schools for girls, training schools for workmen and cheap lodging houses for the poor. During his life he had al ready spent large sums for a music school and a hospital, yet he was not esteemed wealthy because in private life he was known as a miser and an inexorable creditor. Napoleon Pierre Guicheveau, 113 years old, died recently at Braeux Bridge, La. Guicheveau was born in France in 1788 and emigrated to Amer ica at the age of 65. After a short res idence in New York city he came to Louisiana and settled at Breaux Bridge, where he married, and during his phenomenal years of life retained the respect of the community. Up to the hour of his death Guicheveau re tained his sight, hair and all his facul ties. Wisdom is not the same as under standing; nor is it talent, or capacity, ability, sagacity, sense, or prudence; neither will all these together make it up. It is that exercise of the reason into which the heart enters—a struc ture of the understanding rising out of the moral and spiritual nature. It is for this cause that a high order of wisdom —that is, a highly intellectual wisdom —is still more rare than a high order of genius. When they reach the very highest order they are one; for each includes the others, and intellectual greatness is matched with moral ' strength. According to advices from Kiel, Ger many, the new high school there for the teaching of shipbuilding and con struction of machinery will be opened in 1903. The school will be wholly in the hands of the state, but the cost will only in part be borne by the istate, the town of Kiel contributing l£ 3,000. There will be one department ifor the learning of shipbuilding, each course lasting one year, and another department for machinery, the course of instruction being divided into four quarters of the year, classes being held in the evenings and on Sundays for shipwrights, locksmiths and smiths. The Krupp Germania wharf has al ready promised as much as £250 an nually for the next ten years towards the expense. In many of the western and midland counties of England the nineteenth century closed with the most terrible floods within living memory. Happily tfew lives were lost, but hundreds of folk—mostly poor—were washed out of hearth and home. Farmers, small and great, lost cattle, sheep and poultry, and immense damage was done to all kinds of property. One comic incident was remarked at Alcester in Worces tershire. When the wa jr fell the rec tor took his walks abroad to see what loss he had suffered. As he passed through an orchard he was greeted with the piercing squeals of a per plexed pig, which had got mixed up in the boughs of a damson tree. Probably it had been borne into the branches by the rising flood. When the waters went down it was left high, and pos «ibly dry, but terrified out of its wits. Less than one hundred dollars, spent by the Improvement League of Mont clair, New Jersey, has done more to cleanse and beautify the place, saya the town council, than the thousands of dollars the town has expended in conventional ways. The league began by offering prizes for clean and orderly back yards and alleys, and went on to give prizes for the best vine-covered fence, the finest vegetable plot and the most beautiful flowering plant. Then it organized the children to pick up waste paper from the streets, keep the school yards neat, and "tidy up" the vacant lots. In six months Montclair became a noticeably attractive place, and a wholesome one, too, for the death rate had perceptibly lessened. Like methods will yield similar results in any other town, and it will not be ■necessary to spend much money pro vided a few people are willing to use "inspired common sense." Homances in History of Nota .blo Kent\ickia.ns. Blackburn F sunnily 3 3 When he was a boy of 20 years, just fresh from the college halls of old Cen ter, Joe Blackburn married the beauti ful Theresa Graham. Now a man of 63, with long years of public life be hind him and a third term in the Uni ted States senate opening before him, the authorized announcement of Mr. Blackburn's second marriage is made. Senator Blackburn has chosen the widow of his cousin, Judge H. H. Blackburn of West Virginia, to take the place left vacant by the deaih of his first wife. Mrs. Mary A. Blackburn has. been a widow for more than three years. Aft er the death of her husband she re ceived a clerkship in the quartermas ter general's office, which she contin ued to fill until last week. She is a woman of strong personal magnetism, of fine presence and gracious maners, and by her marriage will become the latest addition to the senatorial brides. For a number of years the former Mrs. Blackburn, together with Mrs. Carlisle, gave added distinction to the reputation of Kentucky's hostesses. All three of her daughters made their debut in Washington. There is something of a romance connected with the first mar riage of Senator Blackburn. At 19 he was graduated from Center college. Be forethe day of graduation came he met and had fallen deeply in love with The resa Graham, the 16-year-old daughter of Dr. Christopher C. Graham, who for over half a century lived at Harrods burg. He died at last in Louisville at the age of 100 years. When young Blackburn left Center college he went to Chicago for the practice of law. Re turning to his own ctate in a brief time, he became a volunteer elector for John C. Breckinridge. Before the cam paign opened he was married to Miss Graham, and from that time until her death, two years ago, their married life was one of happiness, broken only by the civil war, through which young Blackburn, and several of his brothers, of whom he had eight, served with gal lantry. Throughout the whole of his public life Mrs. Blackburn was his stanchest supporter and wisest adviser. Their home in Washington was one of the centers of the social life of that city. Of his three daughters two have married, and in the lives of both ro mance has played a part. Senator Blackburn's eldest daughter is the wife of Colonel Herman A. Hall, who is a member of the staff of General Chaf fee. Years ago she was married and was widowed in two weeks, her hus band dying of rapid consumption near Los Angeles, Cal. In her bereavement Lieutenant Hall was ready in his sym pathy. A year later the young lieuten ant was ordered to Washington, pro tier Fame Waning..., Kentucky's Historic Idols Slowly Falling, One by one the idols of Kentucky are slowly falling. First, the great battleship named after the state was christened with plain, cold water in stead of with the red and fiery liquid for which the commonwealth of Ken tucky is so celebrated in song and story. This baptizing of the battleship Kentucky with water instead of whisky, and which is generally re ferred to in Kentucky as the "crime of the 19th century," was the first great prop of tradition knocked from under old Kaintuck. But now comes another, and if anything, a harder blow. Col. Henry Watterson, the guardian angel of the only original star-eyed goddess of reform, declared in an interview at Saratoga Springs recently that he had not seen a horse race in fifteen years. An old Kentuckian on hearing of this statement relapsed into the follow ing soliloquy: Shades of the old Ken tucky home, whither are we drifting? In every one of the three great geo graphical divisions of Kentucky—viz , the blue grass, the b'ar grass, and Iho pennr'yal—there has always been a teverish idolatry of the trinity of Ken tucky—good whisky, fast horses and pretty women. But whisky was scorn äd, suh, yes, suh, scorned, when the battleship Kaintucky, suh, was christ ened with water, suh, instead of good old llcker, suh. And now, suh, Henry Watterson, ouar Henry, suh, the great est man, suh, since Thomas Jefferson, such, and fast horses at that, suh, by bragging, suh, that he has never at tended a horse race in fifteen years, suh, The next thing and somebody will stand up and declare that the beau ties of Kentucky squint and that they have big feet. Then what will :here be left of the commonwealth of Kentucky? It is rumored that Henry Watterson, upon his return to his na tive land, will be called before a xmrt-martial and tried for heresy. If posed and was accepted, the marriage following soon after. A Washington dispatch says that after the debut of Miss Lucile Blackburn a young attache of the Spanish embassy, whose wife has since died, became her avowed and ardent worshiper. She married Mr. Lane, however, whose tragic death made her a widow some time ago. Ro mances in the Blackburn family have not alone been confined to the present generation. Senator Blackburn's fa ther, Dr. E. M. Blackburn, was the owner of a famous bluegrass farm, on which were foaled horses known to ev ery turfman the world over. He was the father of nine stalwart Bons and three daughters. His friends and neighbors were the Steels and the Bu fords. But, as has been recorded of friends and neighbors since Bible times, differences arose. In one of them Dr. Blackburn lost an eye as a inoute to the superior fistic skill of old Abe Buford in a debate over division fences. The other dispute was more deadly in its nature, his third son fall ing before the pistol of young Captain Steel in a duel brought about by the heat of a political campaign. He left a widow, to whom many paid court, but the successful suitor of them all was his younger brother, James. Of the three sisters two were married to the same man—General Thomas Flour noy of Arkansas. The elder sister died shortly after his marriage to her, and then General Flournoy pleaded his suit with the equal success with the younger. The third sister married Judge Morris of Chicago, who was known during the civil war as a "cop perhead," and was imprisoned for his outspoken sympathy with the. South ern cause and for aiding prisoners to escape. All the brothers married, and several of them set the example -vhich Senator Blackburn is now following— that of marrying the second time. The people in the mountains near Rock castle tell the story of a Blackburn who came among them to pusue his pet study of geology. He found there a mountain maid who taught him the lesson that he had never learned be fore. His eyes told him that she was beautiful, his heart that she was good. He argued that in everything but the place of her birth she was the superior of all other women, lacking but a part of their advantages to outshine them all. He married her, intending to take her back with him to his own world, but her influence proved the stronger. He settled down to the life among her own people, and until the day of his death, years later, was one of them in dress, action, and thought, lost to am bition, and content to live within the narrow horizon shut in by the moun tains.—Louisville Courier-Journal. nothing else will take him to a race track he should be bound and gagged and carried out to one and made to lose all his money on the long shots. —Exchange. Number of Dogs In Europe. The European dog census has been completed and shows France, with 2, 864,000 dogs holding the European record. Not only are there more dogs in France than in any other country in Europe, but there are more per thousand inhabitants than in any other European country. France has 75 dogs to every thousand of its in habitants. Then follow Ireland with 73, England with 3«, Germany with 31, and Sweden with 11. There are 2,200,000 dogs in Germany, 1,500,000 in Russia and 350,000 in Turkey, though tourists who have resided in Constan tinople aver that this number falls short of the actual total, which they think to be larger in Turkey than elsewhere. In France there is a ,dog tax and every dog is registered, a con dition which makes the computatnon comparatively easy in that country. The number of dogs in the United States is estimated at from 1,000,000 to 1,500,000. Caterpillars as Food. In many parts of Africa and in por tions of Central and South America the caterpillar is regarded as a del icacy. Travelers who have been pre vailed upon to taste them pronounce them palatable. In Australia the lar vae of the longicornes or horned cater pillar are much sought after as food. They are found in the interior of de caying trees. The larvae from each dif ferent species of tree have their own distinctive flavor. Many natives eat them raw, but certain civilized tribes prefer them fried. The Griffon, the first sailing vessel on the great lakes, passed through Detroit rtver in 167Ä. NOTES ON SCIENCE. CURRENT NOTES OF DISCOVERY AND INVENTION. , Mexico's Stone Idols—Found Only In Remains of Cities Destroyed Centuries A go—Another Invention For us In Case of Fire—A Magic Hall. STONE IDOLS OF MEXICO. These idols are of very distinct types, each locality having its own characteristic forms. The material naturally varies with the class of stone found in the vicinity; some are of granite, some of marble, and the largest number are of volcanic rock, some of hard larva, and others, includ ing the largest, of the soft tufa which is found so extensively in the volcanic regions, and is most easily worked. One small idol, in human form, is of material so light that it will float on the surface of water. They vary great ly in size, the largest being over five feet in height, while the smaller ones do not exceed a finger's length. The great majority àre crude representa tions of human figures, but there are also images of quadrupeds of various kinds, and also of birds. The largest specimen of- this ancient sculpture is that known as the "Stone Lions of Co chiti," in which the animals are each six feet long and surrounded by an absolutely circular wall, like some of the Druidical remains in England; but they are carved from the solid rock, and while a most important and inter esting relic of ancient fetish worship in connection with the chase, yet they are immovable and cannot be classed among household goods. As previously suggested, none of these idols are ever found in the ruins of the large number of Pueblo towns destroyed or deserted about the time of the revolution of 1680, and which are those most accessible and usually visited. They only exist in the ruins of cities destroyed centuries ago, while the aboroginal religion was universal and before any destruction or hiding ! of idols had occurred as a consequence ! of the introduction of Christianity. It 1 is possible, therefore, says a writer in Leslie's Weekly, with certainty to fix the age of every such stone idol at not less than 300 years, and many of them are, no doubt, very much older. Their varied types not only represent I different localities, but different phases of advance in art in the same locality. No more interesting relicts of the an 1 cient civilization of America have ever been discovered within the limits of the United States. HOW THE SEA RETAINS LIFE. One of the reasons formerly urged against the existence of living crea tures in the abysses of the ocean was the supposed absence of oxygen there. It was deemed impossible that any considerable quantity of oxygen could exist at great depths. But recent dis coveries have shown that there is no lack of oxygen even at the greatest depths. The explanation is that the cold water of the polar regions, charged with oxygen from the atmos phere, creeps along the bottom toward the equator, from both poles, and thus carries a supply of oxygen over the whole vast floor of the oceans. The surface water moves toward the poles, and so a great system of circulation exists. "Were it not for the world circulation," says Prof. C. C. Nutting, "it is altogether probable that the ocean would in time become too foul to sustain animal life, at least in its higher manifestations, and the sea, the mother of life, would itself be dead." POCKET FIRE-ESCAPE. If you ever have attempted to slide down a rope with your bare hands you can realize that it is a difficult feat unless one is well versed in the manner in which it should be per formed. The novice who has tried this form of descent will have a meas / TO GRIP ROPE. FRICTION ENGAGE THE ure of appreciation for the "pocket fire-escape" which the picture illus trates, it having been recently patented by Arthur Oakley of Massachusetts. While nearly every hotel is now pro tected with ropes, they are practically of little value as fire-escapes without some sort of braking device which will aid the person descending in regulat ing his speed so as to land gently at the bottom, and this grip is intended for this purpose. It comprises a split tube of rubber or other flexible mate rial and is adapted to partially sur found the rope, the re-enforced ends aiding in securing a firmer grip on the rope. By tightening the fingers around the sleeve it increases the interna) friction until the desired rate of speed is attained. It is an easy matter to insert the rope through the split in the sleeve, and when not in use the grip is not too large to be carried about the person or in the satchel of tho trav eler. MAGIC BALL FOR THE CHILDREN. If,the toy ball Bhown by the illustra tion does not succeed in mystifying the children and even older people it will be strange, for the device is in tended to roll uphill and down with MOTOR INSIDE THE SPHERE. out any visible means of propulsion. The gist of the invention is to mount a motor within the hollow body, as shown, In such a manner that its weight will overcome the force of the spring which, as will readily be un derstood, will cause the ball to re volve instead of the motor. The lat ter is pivoted on a spindle extending from wall to wall inside the ball, the spindle being rigidly attached to the sphere. A winding shaft projects in line with the small slot beside the spindle, and when the key is inserted in the slot and the ball held tightly in the hand the spindle and shank of the key prevent the motor from turn ing and permit the spring to be wound. When the ball is under way the slot is invisible, and as the mechanism is almost noiseless there is nothing to indicate that the ball is not bewitched, causing much amusement to those un acquainted with the interior mechan ism. PLANTS MUST HAVE SLEEP. All forms of vegetable life must, at regular intervals, be allowed to relapse into a condition of repose or some radi cal change will result in the form of the plant. A geranium cannot be out all night with the larkspur and look bright and fresh the next morning. Neither can the fir tree neglect its proper sleep to sit up all night with the ash without ruining its health and growing to look a demoralized and disreputable old tree long before its time. In the country the trees and the flowers go to bed with the chickens, but in the city the most moral and well intentioned shrub, the most cir cumspect and staid trees, will be kept awake by a variety of causes, while an immoral hollyhock or a dissipated elm tree has a short life and a merry one in the great city. Of the causes which keep the trees and flowers awake nights the botanist says that, in the first place, there is the matter of noise in all Its forms and the vibration which goes with the con stant activity of city life. Plants and flowers of all kinds sleep best away from the glare, so the lights of a city, which shine all through the night, must contribute to this interference with vegetable sleep. Electricity, in dependent of its use for lighting pur poses, has a bad effect upon plant life, seeming to make trees and flowers ir ritable and nervous and to break up their constitution. But, above all, a plant must have sleep; so don't wake the geraniums or disturb thè slumbers of the sunflower.—San Francisco Bul letin. GUARDING A TUNNEL. Should Italy and Switzerland fall out what would happen to Simplon tunnel? The opening on either side will look like the great doors of some medieval fortress. And they will be fortresses in all reality. Suppose these two bel ligerents should fall out. They would rush like a whooping plague through that tunnel and invade each other? In deed they would not. In the little for tress at each end there will be a man and a button. The man will press the button and bring down the mountain. W T hen the smoke lifts there will not be any tunnel any more. Some 5,000 or 6,000 men will have worked night and day for five years and a half at a cost of 70,000,000 francs—and destruction! — Everybody's Magazine. While a healthy body helps to make a healthy soul, the reverse is yet more true. Mind and moral activity keeps the body healthy, strong and young, preserves from decay and renews life. —James Freeman Clarke.