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The Dupuyer acantha. [volume] (Dupuyer, Mont.) 1894-1904, December 26, 1901, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036266/1901-12-26/ed-1/seq-6/

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QThe g^antfra.
GKOltGE W. MAGEK, Editor.
©UPUYBU,
MONTANA.
The Servian, Roumanian and Bul
garian railroads are owned exclusively
by their respective governments.
Boston has added this year 40 port
able school houses to its eJucational
equipment, making a total of 56.
Belgium, in 1898, through the pur
chase of the Grand Cant al Bilge and
some minor private road?, became the
possessor of the whole Belgian railroad
system.
With voluntary subscriptions of
54.000 in hand, a committ:e in Atlanta,
Ga., is making a housa-to-housa can
vass to raise $25,000 to erect a monu
ment ready by the first anniversary
of Mr. McKinley's deatb, and to have
President Roosevelt for orator of the
day.
The widest possible publicity ought
to be given to the action of the magis
trate who has held for manslaughter a
person who "rocked the boat," and
thereby caused the death by drowning
of some of those who were .with him.
The class of those who think it is
funny to frighten timid people by this
dangerous trick is large and perennial,
and anything which will warn or edu
cate them is a public service.
; (? ■
Sandow, the athlete, while in Lyons,
France, was attacked in a cafe by some
desperadoes with knives. He seized
one of them by the back of the neck,
lifted him in the air, and -vith the
other hand clutched his feet. Swing
ing him upward, he brought him down
with great force on the center of a
table. This blow with a human mal
let split the table in two, and the man
went through it. The other scoundrels
fled.
A duel between women took place
the other day at an hotel in Paris.
Mme. Louise Nequet, a woman of 30,
who had been deserted by her lover,
Leon Povison, instead of revenging
herself on the latter, sought out her
younger rival, Eugenie Cordelle, and
challenged her in due form, the result
being that Mile. Cordelle was repeated
ly stabbed. The savage encounter
would have continued if Povison, who
suddenly came upon the scene, had
not sent for the police.
The efforts of the state of Alabama
to punish persons found guilty of
lynching deserve the heartiest praise.
Already one man has been sentenced
to imprisonment for life for lynching
a negro accused of stealing chickens,
and two others have been found guilty
of murder in the second degree and
sentenced to ten years' imprisonment
for their part in the same outrage. The i
courage of the judge and the fidelity j
of the jury before whom these cases
were tried, have been applauded no
less warmly by the influential papers
of the South than by their Northern
contemporaries.
The Costa Rican government has
granted to an American-German com
pany a concess on to 50.000 acres of
coal and agricultural lands lying on
both coasts of the country. The term
of concession is fifty years, and the
company is permitted to u e for port
purposes, 400 metres of land in every
nautical mile of coast line. The com
pany is exempt from import duties and
taxation, and is granted railroad and
telegraph prlvilegas free. The only
stipulation in the agreement is that the
company mutt dispose of one-fifth of
its capital stock of five million shares
in Oosta Rica.
Intelligence has be En received from
Liberia of the death of a remarkable
woman, Martha Ann Ricks, known as
Aunt Martha, who made a journey
from Liberia to England nine years
ago for the purpose of visiting
Queen Victoria. At the time of her
death she was 85 years old. Her father
was John M. Erskine, a s'ave who pur
chased his freedom and that of his
children, and became a Presbyterian
minister. Aunt Martha's greatest
achievement was in 1841, when she
[successfully defended the Haddington
Methodist Mission Station with three
others against a cannibal chief find 300
natives.
Popular sympathy with a suffering
animal and the readiness of the public
ito relieve such suffering were illustrat
ed recently in St. Louis when a man
risked his life to rescue a cat from a
narrow ledge on the side of a lofty
water tower. The cat had been pursu
ing a swallow, and although it had
climbed down to the ledge alone, was
unable to climb back. For several
days it remained a prisoner, one hun
dred and seventy feet from the ground,
and suffering severely from hunger
and thirst. The man who discovered
the cat's predicament climbed the two
hundred and twenty-five steps to the
top of the tower, and was lowered by a
rope to the ledge, forty feet below.
DAIRY AND POULTRY.
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR OUR
RURAL READERS.
How Successful Farmers Operate This
Department of the Farm—A Few
Hints as to the Care of Live Stock
and Poultry.
Milk Testing In Iowa»
. Food and Dairy Commissioner B. P
Norfon of Iowa, sends out the follow
ing circular of instruction:
The bearing of the law of this state
upon the subject of cream testing with
the Babcock test, does not seem to be
fully understood by the butter-makers
of the state. The law reads: "Section
2523. Any person or corporation, or
the employe of such person or corpor
ation, who operates a creamery or
cheese or condensed milk factory and
uses a chemical milk test to determine
the quantity of butter fat in milk pur
chased, used or received, shall so use
only such tests as shall be clear oil,
free from any foreign substance and
produce correct measurements of but
ter fat." Of course the word milk in
cludes the word creain.
In testing milk the ordinary 17.6
pipette will deliver the same weight
of milk, 18 grams, whatever its test
may be. But the same is not true of
cream, which varies greatly" rn weight
with the variations of its quality;
hence, whether the piquette- be 17.6cc
or 18cc or 22cc, the results obtained
are all incorrect, because the weight
of poor cream taken by any of these
pipettes is greater than the weight of
rich cream taken by the same pipette.
The proper'weight should be 18 grams
of cream or milk, and the most accur
ate cream testing can be done only
when the cream is weighed into the
bottles. But this is practicable only
in those creameries that can afford to
have the proper balances for weighing
the cream in testing.
But the use of a 17.6 pipette and the
tables of corrections prepared at the
Iowa Experiment station, will give
very accurate measurements of the
butter fat in cream, and is the only
method of measuring tjhe cream for the
Babcock test that is held to be author
ized by the law.
A few creameries have been using a
22 pipette in cream test'ing, and have
called the reading of the fat column
butter instead of butter j[at. There are
three reasons why this -System should
not be used. First, it is incorrect, be
cause no pipette will measure out the
same weight of creams of different
degrees of richness. Seeond, the Bab
cock test is a test for -butter fat and
not for butter, and the tçst shows but
ter fat in the bottle , whatever the
amount of milk or cream used, and not
butter. Third, it is not authorized by
the law. The attorney general says on
this point, and referring to section 2523
previously quoted: "Operators of
creameries, cheese or condensed milk
factories, whenever a test of the qual
ity of milk or cream is made, are re
quired to use such appliances and tests
as shall produce correct measurements
of 'butter fat.' " Note the last two
words quoted.
The law makes no provision in re
gard to the manner of payment for
the milk or cream furnished. The
creamery may pay for it by the hun
dred pounds or by the gallon, or for
the butter it will make, or the butter
fat it contains, but the law is very
clear that if the creamery uses a
chemical milk test, it must use such
a test as- shall produce correct meas
urements pf butter fat. There is noth
ing in the law that will prevent a
creamery from paying its patrons for
a 25 per cent or a 50 per cent overrun,
if the creamery desires to do so; the
provision is that the milk or cream
must be correctly tested for butter fat.
Why Feed Green Cat Bone ?
From Farmer's Review: The above
is a question every poultry breeder
should consider, as every poultryman
is after an article-for feeding that will
lessen the feed bill, provided the ar
ticle in question gives the desired re
sults when fed. In green cut bone we
find such a food.
Some one may ask, "What is green
bone and where can I get it?" It Is
the fresh bone that comes from the
butcher shop, cut or sliced by a ma
chine made for the .purpose. Nearly
every family can save a few bones
from the kitchen table; while such
bonçs are not quite so good as those
fresh from the butcher shop, they are
well worth saving. By analyzing an
sgg we find it to be composed largely
of lime and nitrogenous compounds.
These elements we also find in a green
bone. Thus it is evident that by feed
ing green cut bone we are, to a certain
extent, giving the hens all that is nec
essary for the production of eggs. Of
course they must have a variety of
other food, and plenty of fresh water
at all times.
I have found that the fowls fed
green cut bone are less liable to dis
ease than fowls not so fed, because the
green bone supplies elements that in
vigorate the fowls and give them pow
er to resist the encroachments of dis
ease.
While I consider green cut bone very
valuable, yet it must be fed with judg
ment. It is a very strong food and
too much is as bad as too little,
feed at the rate of one ptsund for every
dozen fowls every other day, and this
proportion I believe to be safe and
profitable. I get the best results by
feeding it the first thing in the morn
ing. I feed it in troughs three inches
wide and two inches deep. These
troughs may be of any desired length
and should be nailed to the fence or
building at a height of 6 to 8 inches
above the ground. This will prevent
the fowls from getting into the feed
with their feet. By the way, this is
the best method to use in feeding any
kind of soft feed to fowls, as cleanll
ness is the first requisite to successful
poultry raising.
Half an hour after feeding the green
cut bone I scatter oats or wheat in the
litter to induce exercise. Where poul
try have free range on the farm they
need not have green cut bone all
through the summer months, as they
will pick up bugs and worms enough
to supply this need. But when they
are confined, especially if in a small
enclosure, they should have green cut
bone the whole year round. During
the summer be sure to get fresh bones
and do not use them after they begin
to smell, for anything in a state of de
composition is unfit for poultry.
In buying a bone grinder, select a
large machine of some good make and
commence feeding green bone. Then
notice the increase in the supply of
eggs. But do not think that cutting
bone is play work, for it isn't. It
takes muscle and plenty of it. But
the man that is afraid to use his mus
cle or brain in the poultry business
had better let the business alone.*—C.
E. Niewold.
Wheat Hay«
As you have solicited me, I will give
you an article on hay culture, writes
R. W. Milam to the Graphic, a local
Georgia paper. Six years ago I began
cutting wheat in the dough state, and
treating it as hay, and so satisfactory
was the result that I have annually
increased my acreage from two acres
to sixty-five. During my twenty yearjj'
experience in growing forage plants
for horse feed, I have never yet found
anything that equals wheat as a per
fect feed for horses and mules. I
have grown more tonnage of superior
quality in wheat than in any other
kind of forage. It grows in the win
ter when nothing else will grow, and
greatly improves the land and beau
tifies the section where grown. It is
a sure crop, and comes in when the
barns are empty in the spring. I have
tried it every way that has been sug
gested, and the wheat proposition has
met every objection that haa ever
come to my knowledge.
I sow the Fulcastor variety of
wheat, which is a very large and bold
growing variety—the most hardy of
all the wheats. I find It will grow
about one-third more pounds per acre
than any other kind. I begin to harv
est about May 10, and generally cut
and windrow one day, and house the
next. I have never seen a straw
molded, and have had heavy rain on
it in the windrow. It cured nice and
bright. The hay can be baled with
safety in ten days, and should be baled
to retain its valuable qualities. I am
asked almost daily if oats treated in
the same way would not be better.
Experience tells me no. I had rather
pay $1 for 100 pounds of wheat in a
bale than 40 cents for a bale of oats,
the same weight and treated in the
same way.
I follow my wheat with corn and
peas, one-fourth bushel western corn,
and one-half bushel of peas per acre,
broadcast, and the crab grass comes
up with the corn and peas, and adds
the value of that class of hay. The
western corn will not grow so large
as southern-grown seed, and the small
stalk is preferable. The pea vines will
run up on the corn stalks and hold
them up off the ground. When cut
the corn stalks ripen a little ahead of
the pea vines, and being all through,
will absorb any excessive moisture
that may be in a green pea vine and
I have never had any trouble curing
pea vines. I grow other kinds of hay,
but find wheat and peas the least
trouble and most profitable; have al
most discarded other kinds.
ure to harm her chicks if fighting will
prevent; and she will raise her chicks
as no hen is a kinder or more atten
tive mother. She never tramples her
young, is always ready to hover them,
and does not race them to death.
Neighboring fowls keep at a respectful
distance, and the young stags are kept
under subjection by their sire, who
also keeps peace and good order in the
flock. We do not approve of cock
fighting, but the Pit Game would be a
useful bird even if never fBught in the
pit. He is courageous, brave and at
tentive to his mates, always ready to
protect the chicks and is one of the
handsomest and proudest birds known.
The aggregate production of the
wheat growing counties of Washing
ton this year will be 37,000,000 bushels.
"What is the difference between a
good duckshooter and a man that
steals a painting?" "One brings the
canvasback and the other doesn't."
Oar Expert* of Cattle and Deaf.
According to a recent government
report the export cattle trade of the
United States for the fiscal year end
ed June 30, 1901, was the greatest, in
point of the number of cattle exported,
of any year in history. The total to
all countries amounted to 459,218 head,
valued at $37,566,980. Of this number
3iô,ùô0 head, or almost 82 per cent,
were credited to the trans-Atlantic
trade, with Great Britain as destina
tion. The West Indies and Bermuda
took 65,120 head and almost all» the
remainder was consigned.to tne vari
ous countries of North America and
South America. The fiscal year ended
June 30, 1901, is the first- full fiscal
year that has elapsed since Great Brit
ain, on account of an outbreak of foot
and-mouth disease in Argentina,
placed an absolute embargo upon the
„exportation of live cattle from that
country into the British Isles. Pre
vious to this prohibition Argentina
had been the only American competi
tor of the United States and Canada
in the foreign cattle markets of Great
Britain, and the importance that Ar
gentina has attained there is attested
by the fact that, acording to Argen
tine official reports 91,264 head of cat
tle were exported to Great Britain in
1899, the last full calendar year before
the prohibitive measures went into
effect. Considerable interest attaches,
therefore, to the cessation of Argen
tine shipments to Great Britain with
reference to the effect it will eventu
ally have, if permanent, not only up
on the Argentine trade, but indirectly
upon the general export cattle trade
of the two great competitors—the
United States and Canada. As stated
above the United States exports of
cattle for the fiscal year ending June
30th amounted to 459,218 head. Can
ada's cattle exports during the same
period amounted to 169,079 head. Ex
ports of beef from the United States
during the' fiscal year ended June 30,
1901, were also the largest in the his
tory of our commerce. The total ex
ports of fresh, canned and cured beef
amounted to 461,295,771 pounds, val
ued at $40,376,758, against a corre
sponding total in 1900 of 434,258,032
pounds, valued at $37,772,173. The
combined exports of like products in
1899 were 368,669,635 pounds, with a
declared export value of $29,720,258.
The Canadian exports of beef during
that period amounted to 9,710,458
pounds, valued at $813,343;.and 3,728,
997 pounds of canned meats, valued at
$419,959, or a total value for the two
of $1,233,292. It will be seen by these
figures that Canada is not an Import
ant competitor in the bsef trade. The
beef trade of Argentina, however, is
another story. Since the cessation of
its export cattle trade with Great
Britain it has dirëcted renewed energy
to establishing a market for its sur
plus cattle through the exportation of
beef products, and during the last fis
cal year it has exported to France
and Great Britain 54,230,933 pounds of
beef.
rolnts Well Made.
Edward K. Slater, writing in a local
Minnesota paper says:
The "book farmer" is the man who
car make dairying pay where others
would fail. . . . Remember that
clean milk will keep longer than milk
containing filth. . . . Not more than
one-half of the cans that come to the
creameries are properly cared for. . . .
There are 762 creameries in the state
and a good prospect of increasing the
number to 900 this season. ... A
creamery should never be built where
there isn't a good prospect of securing
the milk from at least 500 cows. .
. It isn't always the cow which
gives the most milk that makes you
the most money, if you aro selling
butter fat. . . Now is the time to
give that creamery a boost. . . .
Something is the matter when a
creamery company can't keep any but
termaker they may hire. The boys
are not all incompetent. . . . Wind
doesn't make a good piece of machin
ery; if you contemplate buying a sep
arator, satisfy yourself that it is what
it is represented before you invest. .
Don't neglect to strain your milk
before taking to the creamery, Just be
cause your neighbor does. Perhaps he
is doing so for the same reason. .
Don't keep a $10 dairy cow; sell
her for beef and take what you lost
last year by keeping her, and add to
the selling price and this amount will
buy you a cow that will make you
money.
The advantages of winter dairying
are numerous. If the cow drops her
calf In the fall or early winter, she
will give good flow of milk through
out most of the winter season on very
little more feed than Is necessary to
winter a dry cow. In the spring, when
the milk flow has begun to decrease,
the cow seems to take a new start when
put on grass, thus giving practically
two freshenings in the year. By this
method of dairying, the greatest milk
yield occurs during the season of high
est prices.
I do believe the common man's work
is the hardest. The hero ha3 the
hero's aspiration that lifts him to his
labor. All great duties are easier than
the little ones, though they cost far
more blood and agony.—Phillips
Brooks.
A Bad Brenk In Society.
Jack Forchen-Hunt-"Yes, she rejected
me, and all because of a bad break I
made when I was proposing.
Dick Adams—"What was that?"
Jack Forchen-Hunt —"Oh, I told h'er
she was 'one in a thousand.' She
thinks she's one of the Four Hundred."
—Catholic Standard.
Schools In Porto Rico.
The expense of maintaining schools in
Porto Rico is very high if we consider the
amount spent for the small number of
pupils enrolled. Education, however. Is
always essential to success. In our couru
try the people are being educuted to the
fact that there is a sure cure for indiges
tion, dyspepsia, constipation, nervousness
and malaria, fever and ague, and that
medicine is Hostetter's Stomach Bitters.
Try it.- Our Private Die Stamp 1&- over
the neck of the bottle.
povl.tr V.
A Half - Column of Don't* nnd
New«.
Don't breed a Hamburg that has a sin
gle comb.
Never use a "clay-breasted" Partridge
Cochin female.
Never use a bronze turkey torn that ha»
a slim shank.
Never use a bird that shows any tend
ency to knock-knees.
Never breed extremes In form or color
It at all avoidable.
Never use a bird that has a natural
deformity of any kind.
Never use a bird that is inferior in slz'e
to its sex of its breed.
Avoid white birds that have straw
colored backs and wing bows.
Never discard goose or gander because
of its age—the older the better.
Never use a pullet to sell eggs from
until you have tested her laying quali
ties.
Never mate a male of any breed that
is easily cowed by all the other males.
Never use one that has a scant leg and
toe feathering, if a feather-legged breed.
Never use a Pekin duck that does not
walk quite erect, nor one that has a,
short body.
Never use one of the pinkish-whita
shanks if its breed calls for yellow or
dark yellow shanks.
The Teacher's Wife.
Clarissa, Minn., Oct. 28th.—Mrs. Clara
Keys, wife of Charles Keys, school
teacher of this place, tells a wynderfur
story.
For years ! er life was one of misery.
Her back ached all the time, her head
ached all the time, her back ached all
the time; nuer&lgia pains drove her to
desperation. She ured much medicine,
tut failed to get any relief till she tried
Dodd's Kidney Pills.
"Very soon after I began using
Dodd's Kidney Pills all my aches and
pains vanished like the morning dew.
I conpider this remedy a God-send to,
suffering womanhood."
Encouraged by their success in her
own case, Mrs. Keys induced her moth
er, an old lady of 74 years, to use Dodd's
Kidney Pills for her many aches and
pains. Now both mother and daughter
rejoice in perfect freedom from illness
or suffering, which is something neither
hacl enjoyed for years befo.-e.
Dire.
Clubberly—Just because I haven't
paid my bill for a year, my tailor won't
make me another suit of clothes.
Cast'.eton—What will you do?
"I shall threaten to take my trade
elsewhere."—Detroit Free Press.
Deafness Cannot B« Cared
by local applications, as they cannot reach th»
voi. lucic is yjii i y uiia
way to cure deafness, and that is by consti
tutional remedies. Deafness is caused by an
inflamed condition of the mucus lining of the'
Eustachian Tube. When this tube is inflamed
you bave a rumbling sound or imperfect hear
ing, and when It is entirely closed deafness is
the result, and unless the inflammation can be
taken out and this tube restored to its normal
condition, hearing will be destroyed forever;
nine cases out of ten are caused by catarrh
which is nothing but an inflamed condition of
the mucus surfaces.
We will give One Hundred Dollars for any caso
of Deafness (caused by catarrh) that cannot
be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for
circulars, free.
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
Sold by Druggists, 7ôc.
Hall's Family Pills are the best
A dude dressed out of sight is very
apt to be out of mind as well.
Music, Music, Music, Cheap!
The Standard Grade Course of Studies for the
Pianoforte in ten grades. Publisher's price is
#1.00 for each grade. Compiled by W S B
Mathews. The best that has ever been pub
lished ; selected from the best composers for
the modern style of playing. My price bv mail
prepaid is only 40o. Write for our FREE cat
alogue of about 10,000 pieces. Address
F. P. DEAN, "Sheet Music Store, Sioux City, la.
IN WET WEATHER •
A WISE MAN
WEAR S
OILED _
WATERPROOF
CLOTHING
•LACK OR YELLOW
WILL KEEP YOU DOT HOTHWfi ELSE WILL
JAKE NO 3UB3TjTUTE3 ■ CATALOGUES FREE
— OP SARMENTS AND HATS
.BQ3TON.MA53.46
•TAKE NO 3UBSTITU1
CLAinANTS FOR 0E7 MC|f")|VX
write to NATHAN rfillOlUI*
BICKFOBD, Washington, D. C., they
will receive quick replies. B.6th N.H. Vola?
Stall 20tb Corns. Prosecuting Claims since 1878.
S. D. N. V. —NO. 44— 1001.
IF
LUHES WHERE ALL ELSE fAilST
I Best Cough Syrup. Taste# Good. Use |
In time. Sold by druggists.
HEEEGEEfnsm

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