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View * K REGISTERED L..... .. .. . .. HEREFORDS ArThe cows in this herd are a grand lot of low-down, blocky matron s siret by some of the greatest champions of the world; and are now headed by Louis XLY of the Famous Corrector.strain, supported by Mountain King, a young bull of great merit, rich in Kansas Lad blood. This herd of high-class Herefords ranks second to none in the great northwest; prices are within the reach of all. Correspondence and personal inspection invited--and remember that native bred stock will do you twice the service that eastern. bred animals will. O, MAs . . I T, ed I e, ed + rItMont. wmamwimNmeomamýmka B. E. VAILL. P. O. Address, Carbonado, Mont. Range, between Rock Creek and the ,Yellowstone River on Shane Creek Hills. No earmarks. No vent. Other ma r k s, double dewlap. Other brands own- o edrty ndicused .sheldern these cattle have wat tleeoneft neck on left an.d right hips. Suitable reward for information leading to recovery of any strayed or stolen animal bear ing any of above brands. $500.00 reward will be paid for arrest of any party convicted of stealing any of these cattle, removing them from their range or mutilating these brands. CHAPMAN BROS. P. 0. Address, Red Lodge, Mont. Range, Red Lodge and Rock Creeks. d for evidence to convict any per son of stealing these cattle or mutilating this brand. W. R. CROCKETT. P. O. Address, Roberts, Mont. Range, be tween Rock Creek and Clarke Fork. Brand for horses same as cattle brand, only on left jaw. ARNOLD E. NEATE. P. O. Address, Bridger Mont. Range, Clarke Fortk 'Bridget and Cottonwood SCreeks. Earmark, un der bit right P. O. Address, Horse brand Butcher Creek. and address,under same as ear. t IKE H. UNDELLRWOOD. P. O. Address, Range, between Red rodg Creek and Clarke Fork. Brand address underses sidame leas for cattle. IKE H. UNDELLRWOOD. P. O. Address, Red Lodge Creek Range, between Reand Clarkodge Fork.nd Rosebud Creeks. Range, between er and oige andey Rosebud Creeks. Earmark, half under crop, right ear. No cattle sold. I - YS MILA F& F R -. ili es I S I. PRIGS PELT I0S!HI J. HARRY WRIGHT. P. O. Address, Morris, Mont. Range, be tween East and West Rosebud Creeks. This brand is ol left neck. Other brands RO on left .hip, also X on left hip. Other marks wattle under chin. SAMUEL YOUNG. P. O. Address, Joliet, Mont. h, Range. be tween Rock P' Creekl: and Yetl- p lowstone River. Swallow fork pi in each ear. Horse brand same brand on it left shoulder.Z SAMUEL WEBB. tI P. 0. Address, Nye, Mont. Range, Sheep it Creek. Other marks two wattles on right O. neck. Other marks on ti cattle 5S on left thigh, --- on0 left ribs. . Other brands on horses on left shoul der. b n left tigh. t J. H. PLUMMER. P. O. Address, 17 Red Lodge, Mont. Range, between Rosebud and Volney creek. d No vent. 0 Other brand on on left } ide. h S P. O. Address, Red Lodge. Mon tana. t Range, Elbow I Creek. Brand for horses same as for cat tle, only on left E ROSEBUD CATTLE CO. CiAs. E. WRIOHT, Manager. C P. O. Address, Red Lodge. - Mont. r Range, be- t tween Rosebuds and Butcher . WIT Creek. I Other malrl,- .= t jaw. Othereare brands on loft side; also U 2 on left on cat- side. tie o Be r C. A. WHITLOCK. Postoffice a h dress, Riverview, Montana. Range--Clarke Fork and triibb taries from Wyo ]ming line to Blue water. [lrard its shownm in cut, on the left ribs. IOBERTION & WATERS. P. O. address Range, on Red Lodge creek. Other nbrands k ou right hip. . Horses braonded on right shoulder with inverted 2 azy Le brand conuected. YOUST BROTHERS. Postoffice ad dress, Riverview, Montana. Range-Clarke t, Fork and tribu taries, from tile n Wyomning line to id Bluewater. Brand same as cut on left hip. Other marks, attle on brisket SCOTT JOY. P. O. Address, s Bridger, Mont. e RangeClark Fork and its tributaries h- from Wyoming line y to Bluewater. Brand same as nut if onriglt side. P r Horses branded !,flagmfIWtflhhi~semaime as cut on rigl t d houlder. Range and Ranch STOCK CUTS-One cut, with brand, $5; each additional cut, 8; engraved blocks, each $1-yearly rates. Lost. estrayed, etc., per line, each week, 10c. Advertisements solicited and Communications #cicn space. Ranchers and stockgrowers are invited to make use of these columns. Latest market reports. -- --- `- -- | I - ~ DAIIY PRODUCTIONS Commissioner Ferguson Says There tl Is Big Demand for More Cream- Ir eries in Montana. i c iT CUT NO CHEESE AT ALL a Vast Amount of Money Sent Out of * the State Each Year That Should a Be Kept at Home. fS In view of the fact that a company ti has been formed a, Bridger for the t purpose of putting in a creamery u plant at that point the biennial re port of Commissioner Ferguson of the S state bureau of agriculture, labor and r, industry dealing with the state's dairy p industry, will be read with much in- s terest by all those who have given the subject any attention. The com missioner calls attention to the scarc ity of creameries and dairy cows in Montana, and states that 65 percent n of the butter used is imported. In the case of the cheese consumed in b Montana, it is practically all shipped e in. The report states that two cream- p eries near Missoula were destroyed by fire recently, and deplores the fact ' that they have not been rebuilt. a Commissioner Ferguson and his as sociates have gathered complete sta tistics concerning this branch of trade, which, the commissioner says, should constitute one of the principal profit-yielding commercial branches in this state. The report will say: "Of all the industries now lying dormant in Montana, probably the one that offers the greatest possibil ities of success is that of dairying. This business, which has been so highly developed and is so great a source of wealth production in other states, has been almost wholly neg lected, in what is undoubtedly one of the most favorable localities in the United States for its successful pros ecution. "There are not half a dozen cream eries in operation in the whole state, and the capacity of these is very limited. Two that were in successful operation in Missoula county have i been recently destroyed by fire, and I were not rebuilt. As is the case in all communities where it is proposed I to start a creamery, the chief difficul ty is to get a sufficient number of I milk cows to keep the plant running full capacity. This will gradually be overcome as the farmers begin to re alize that large profits are to be made from milk cows,and that the creamery relieves them of a vast amount of la bor that is necessary under the old regime of home butter making. "With Montana grass lands, which are unexcelled in the world, at their present comparatively low values, and butter selling at 35 cents a pound or more, there are no reasons why the expensive system of importing s dairy products should be continued. d "This is another case, as in irriga tion, where co-operation can be called into service. Let farmers and busi ness men form co-operative associa r tions under the very favorable laws 2, of this state for the purpose of carry ing on the business. It would be but a short time until we should have the pleasure of publshing figures to show that instead of importing 65 percent of the butter and practically 100 pe. n- cent of the cheese consumed in the state, we are producing not alone what we consume in the state, but are able to sell to other and less fav Sored localities in Montana." In concluding the subject of dairy ing, the report will devote considera ' ble space to farmers' institutes rk throughout different states, and to the e excellent progress and results derived o from them by 'reason of the different ut farmers' organizations, agricultural nd colleges and experiment stations and ht the boards and commissions of agri culture, to say nothing of the individ ual leadership in agricultural lines. The report will state that about 80 years ago farmers' institutes wvere started in various states and so great THE LAW AS TO ESTRAYS. Tee Montana Code says that the detaitor of an animal saved from drowning or starving nil-t make affidavit to the facts before a just iice of the peace, when appraisers are appointed l nd the justice filesa copy of the appraisement a ith the county clerk. A description of the ani: :l must also be published in some newsap;rl in the county. When these things are dons the animal, unless the owner appears and payw all costs, becomes the property of the detainer. But this procednre in red tape is not nece=:-ary when an animal is simply taken up as an est ray. In the latter event all that is required is that ia notice, reciting the facts, he published for four consecutive times, unless the owner appears in the meantime, proves property and pays all charges. If, at the end of the four weeks, the owner fails to appear. or if he does show up, but refuses to pay the charges. the aninal should in every case. be advertised for sale, one notice in a newspaper being sufficient, and sold tothe highest bidder. The detainer may hid the animal in. has been the benefits derived from them that at the present time they are held annually in the greater num ber of agricultural states or localities. It also says that in many instances these institutes are helped by legis lative appropriations. Much more of interest along this line will be in cluded in the report devoted to dairy ing and kindred subjects. In speaking of the conditions whicch at present exist in Montana as re gards dairying, Commissioner Fergu son said: It is a burning shame that. more attention is not paid to a business 'which results in enormous profits, and for which different parts of the state are peculiarly adapted. In fat tening one steer the product of about twenty acres of good pasture land is used for a period of three years. The steer is then sold for $40 or $50. The same amount of land, if used for dai ry cows, would yield a much larger profit than the market value of the steer, including his keeping for the three years. "There are but five creameries op trating in this state. Some of them which have been run in the past have never sold a pound of butter singly. It has all been taken off their hands by large mercantile concerns, who are extremely anxious to get hold of the product, and they are saved the ex pense, time and troulble of shipping it, into the state from points which are, as a rule, hundreds of miles distant." HOMESTEADS ARE CHEAP. Madison County Cattlemen Acquire Interests in Canada. The Alder Gulch Times says that William C. Metzcl of York Ranch, in company with his brothers, has in vested quite heavily in grazing lands at Maple Creek, Assiniboia, Canada, where they now have 400 head of cat tie. As yet they have found it unnece ·ssary to feed, as there is very little snow, and there are miles of range covered with unlimited supply of grass. It is said that next season over 1,000,000 head of cattle from Texas and New Mexico will be driven into Canada. ,'Almost any man can secure a home stead in Canada, as the Dominion gov ernment offers every inducement to intending settlers, the entire cost of proving up on 160 acres of land being $10, and if 160 acres is not enough, land may be leased from the govern ment at an easy rental of two cents per acre. Mr. Metzel is one of the leading cat tlemen of Madison county, and recent ly made a valuable addition to his herd by the purchase from his broth er, L. Albert Metzel, of forty head of shorthorn yearling heifers. The price paid was $65 per head, and is the best proof possible that it pays to raise thoroughbred cattle. He re ports that most cattlemen in his see tion have commenced feeding, and that if we have a late spring hay will be scarce, although at present there is a large quantity in the valley. SHEEP ARE DOING WELL. Winter Has no Terrors for Them in Eastern Montana. Charles F. Stocker, of the sheep firm of Stocker & Flail, which has several thousand head of sheep win tering near Terry, visited Big Timber last week and told a correspondent of the Helena Record some.good things about the Eastern Montana flocks, in which a number of Carbon county woolgrowers are interested. Mr. Stocker says that as a rule sheep are looking exceptionally fine in that section this winter, and that indications are that nearly every band will come through in good shape, and with a very small percentage of loss. There is some snow, but it has not reached a sufficient depth yet to interfere with ranging, although there are cases where feeding is being re sorted to. Stocker & Hall are making arrange ments for the erection of a large ma chine shearing plant in the spring. The location has not yet been decide]l upon, but it will likely be built near Miles City. The plant will be equ'l, ped with the latost improved ma chines, and- will be completed and ready for business at the opening of the shearing season next June. They already own a large shearing plant near Glendive, which was erect ed last spring and used through the following season. Loco Kills Many Sheep. A report- comes from Melville, in Sweetgrass county, that Sigmund Thambling, one of the largest sheep I men of the northern part of the coun i ty, has lost 3,000 head of sheep by t loco weed within the last few weeks. CREAMEg-Y WOULD NOT PAY. Ranches Near Billings Too Large. Different Around Bridger. F'..1. Mlero of Minneapolis has been in the country adjacent to Billings for the past three weeks looking up a creamery proposition. He represents a creamery outfitting company amn is what may be termed a promoter of that line of business. Mr. Mero says he does not think the time ripe yet for a creamery at Billings. "The ranches are still too large in this immediate vicinity," he said, "to give a creamery suflicient customers in a small area. What a creamery needs is a densely settled community. where cows are plentiful, and where milk would not have to be hauled more than five or six miles. The day will come in Billings whlen a good support of such an enterprise will be assured. "Down near Bridger, where the ranches are smaller, a company has been formed, and already $3,500 in stock has been subscribed. I think this company will put in a plant dur ing the coming spring. I also think that Park City citizens will organize a conml)any and put in a creamery." Custer Ships Many Horses. A special froul Miles City says: WV. ,1 D). Smith and bi::,riff Savage are pre- o plaring their annualIl rl'eorts to the see- 1 retary of thIle Montana Stock associa lion. antd among other items is the nunllbler of holrses illsipected and shilp pleu from Custer county. Mr. Smith repolrts from .Jan. 1, 1)902, to the pros- i ent tinme. 1,087 horses which he per- ( sonally inspected, and Sheriff Savage reports 1,782 horss for the samne iper- 0 in(d1 inspected by hinm, but thinks there are at least 1,000 more on tile list of other members of his staff which were inspected. ... .... ... ~ l -4 .. ... . Flour Mill Ready to. Operate. A Bozemnlan disaltch says: 'The I Gallatin mill at Ilelr'ade is now com )leted and the machinery in place. Grain is .being received at the eleva. tot and the mill will be turning out flour111' within few days at the rate of seventy-five barrels per day. Thile mill is one of the most up-to-date in the state, being fitted with all the latest machinery and appliances. It was built by Dr. Featherstone and Mr. Pal mer, and other residents of the val ley. The Une of the liIlght i'oot. Thlat the right foot is, like the right hand, ordinnrily more 1mohile and at the same lirll: stronger than the left might be altribulted to ile more fre quent exertion of this sidhle were it not that the peculiarity is said to extend Itself eveu to the con(sitution, and tlhe left extrnllllies Ilre ilsserted to be more liable to disanse tltan the right. Tile more dillicultl moveennts in stage dane ing lre usually executed upon 1the right foot, and it is genler:lly considered that unless double prctict , be aiccolrd ed to tilhe left leg nn ungraceful Iprefer ence for the right will be shown by the dancers in their public perfornm llC('HS. Most people tread more firmly with the right than with the left foot. There 1eerInls to Ie tI grlcuter apa(city for pro pelling the body with the right foot. Froml this the horseman springs, with his left in the stirrup, and unless left handed no boy in his play hops n1tu rally upon the left foot.--Pall Mall an zette. One Misery of Anglo-ndlian Life. Every night:,tt inner' tile Alglo-In dian holds a kind of levee. The in sects whltich :lttend1 dance glyly round the :lump, and (one Ihas to watch one's p]ate 11nd1 glass cr'efully lest some of the insec-ts shoilt dance into them. There is one insect--a little, flat, brown, shiniing -ratllire--which emits the wIorst odor ill the world. If one of r these touitches your 'food, tIe whole is taintcd :and re(ndered inedible. You (l1re not Ikill these pests, for if one be sqiuasheitl ] theill \\lwhole rIooml hecomes filled w\\ith its dlisgusting smell and is uninihailahle for the next half hour. So these aomhinlable insects fly albout c with limlunity while the p)oor Anglo SIndian must perforce look helplessly oIl nd 1 inwardly sigh "Spero meliora." - -London Saturda'y Review. T'lhe iuion iJuck. British IC\spapers complain that Englisliniion often lllng the union jack upside dowli. 'To) iscertainl which is tihe "top" and whiclh the "lhttolom" 01o a union jack look at the diagonal red cross (the cross of St. Patrick), and you will note that tih white "edgihigs" to it, which are really the diagonal while cross of St. Andrew, u o v; which it is placed, are mlillluh ,reo:ler.( i onoe side than onl the ot her. The tin, :: right side up when both those hriad white "(d(lingis" are above the re(d di:ina:ils oin 1the side next to the pol(', whereas if yon get the two mnarrow "(,d-ulgs" of white on the top, on the side next the pole, your flag is upside down. Estray Taken Up. Came to my ranch, on the East Rosebud, Nov. 1, 1902, one blacit cow, slit in right ear, branded MA on left hip; also one red cow, branded M II on right hip. Owner is requested to prove property, pay charges and take animals away. R. O. MORRIS, 25t4 Morris, Mont. Estray Taken Up. Came to my place at Roberts one red and white cow, branded with a cross on left side and also on jaw. Owner is requested to prove proper ty. pay charges and take arfi al away. WILLIAM A. BRANDT, 23t4 Roberts, Mqnt. - c- · t -o - ·- ...... Estray Taken Up. Came into my e.nlosure about Dec. 12, two horses, with ropes around necks. One bay, with strip in face and white hind feet, branded -I- on loftshoulder. One brown, with white hind feel, branded' 3 on left'shoulder. Iboth have har ness marks. Owner is requested to prove property, pay charges and take animals away. CuIirtLIs E. ]Liraro., 24 t-- RLockvale, Mont, Estray Notice. One dark sorrel gelding branded on the left shoulder, seven years old. White strip in face. Weight about 1100 pounds. One light sorrel gelding' branded on left lhigh. Star ol his fore head. Onel white hind foot. Elev en years old. Weight 1.000 pounds. `". Ihoke horses. Will give $20 for infor mation leading to recovery. 1, S. IREEMiIAN, 23.t-6 Gebo, Mont. Estray Notice. IEtlrayed from my ranch seven niles south of Alslrokee, one roed yea rli. g slteer, star in forehead, brantlded on right hip, one ear cropped. Liireal reward for information. 2:3-t-1. O.I' Ro , JR. Estray Notice. F'romll my ranch four miles northeast, of Rod Lodge, one yearllinlg heifer red and white spotted, she is branded on lie loft shoulder. A suitableo reward will be paid for recovery of saine. 23-t 2. Il. B. RI.lTmiaNolo. Strayed. One rod and white cow, with calf, branded on Ifts thoulder, cow also branded witi bar hbat on right hip. e ward of $5 for return of aninmals to my ranch, or $2.50 for infor mlation leading to their recovery. W. i1. AeaN, 23-t-2 Joliet, Mont Cattle Reward. Chapman Bros. hereby offer $2 per heod for informatilon ladling to the re covery of all cattle bearing the dia mnond bar ibrand. 14t17 Estray Taken Up. Canme to my ranchIi ' on left, hip. Owner is near R.Lodge, one reopostod to property roed stoor, branded pay challrges and Ltke the ii. llnil away. \V. HI. CLOSE. 1l .d Lodge, Mont. 22-d-, Reward for Estray. Estrayed from my ® on left, ribs and 0 rainge, I red & white on right hip. yearling hoif ,r, br'nd Liberal Roward. 22--.4 t. W. PIER(CE. Morris, Mont. Estray Taken Up. lTaken up, it mly pltol, 1 mile eotnt otf Rocck vial, Oct. I, ilne wlitoe-l o left hi p. Own faced, minlellly -tocr,.. Sir ciln have satme liine-bckedt , brideo by ptrovinllt g Irop ert.y lnll Ipayinig flor this notico , 22-tI IT. C, CRAIG, Rockvale, Mon. Estray Taken Up. Caite to imty ranch on Butcher creek, one 2-year-old heifer, branded n on left hip; left ear cut off. Owner is re. quested to prove property, pay charges and take animal away. A.i.N i: Hieairt[M. 24-t-4 Absarokee, Mont. "dn uajel sXeJis3 ()One red cow and calf. branded V on I left ribs. left ear slit; also yearling, with Same ear marks, with indistinguishable l brand on left ribs. Owner is requested to prove proIelty, pIly charges and take animal away. J. IIAItimY WR(IIGHT. 25 t 4 Morris, Mont. f . ...-.... ... . · -- - - 1 ........ . .... H Five Dollars Reward. lFor yearling hay mi lire, lbrainded e on left shoulder. Weight about s 1,200. In August was between SiRed Lodge and Blutcher creek. Deliver to Martin HeIll at Linley, or W. L. Luther ;at Roberts. W. L. LI"I'EIra, 1 t Roberts, Mont, Estray Taken Up. Came to may ranch, near Roberts, ja year ago, one black heifer, now coming t two, brandedV on left shoulder. Owner t is requested I-n to prove proplerty, d pay charges and take animal away. S 25 t-4 B. A. JoHNssoN, e Red Lodge, Mont. Reward for Estray Cattle. Will pay $2.50 ler head for informa tion leading to recovery of stock cattle, branded on left hip. 25-t .2 JoHN Tu:UrSTOi. Gebo, Mont. Sale of Estray. Not ice is hereby g;ven that I will sell at, public auction, to the highest biddhler, at my ranch on the Stillwater, on Monday, December 29, 1902, at 2 o'clock p. m., one whitish roan steer, with under crop on right ear and un der slope on left ear, and indistin guishable brands, previously adver tined as having been taken up as an estray. E. K. M'BRIDE, 1-t Columbus, Mont. Old newspapers at this office, 25 cents per hundred.