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OF THE FLAW DAMON RUNYON, LAST BIT FAMOUS WRITER CEREMONY PHOVI LAUDS MONTANA TO i¥EBLAii.T 0 IIB 8 STS AT FORT LARAMIE REMINISCES WHITER FAMOUS OP EXPERIENCES IN WEST JUST A YEAR AGO. Remembers Montana As a Great State anil Montanans as a Magnificently Hospitable People, Going Ahead in Majestic Strides. John O'Neill, who is associated with his brother, "Tip" O'Neill in oil development In the Kevln-Sun burst district, returning from the Olympic games recently, met Al fred Damon Runyon in New York. Runyon is the versatile young man wlio wrote clever stories about the Dompsey-Glbbons battle, before and after, for the Hearst newspap ers with their millions of readers all over the United Stall's, and al ways managed to leaven his narra tives with golden words for Mon tana and her people, for which he is remembered most kindly. The meeting started the flood tide of Runyon's reminiscences aneut the Shelby fight, in part us follows: The Montana O'Neills became well known to readers of the sport pages during the troubles over the Demp sey-Glbbons fight In Shelby. They are well known young busi ness men of Great Palls, Montana, of a fine, substantial, western family. They were active in trying to put the tight over after the Shelby promot ters had bumped Into failure. The football player O'Neill Is a good looking young man, apparently typical of his fellow players. He sat in the Friars grill room with Hyland, Patrick and Cunningham, also mem bers of the team, talking with Eddie Kane, manager of Tom Gibbons, re calling experiences In Shelby. Young O'Neill says the financial situation in Shelby after the fight was not as disastrous as painted. Nor was It due to the fight, as Is the pop ular idea. Shelby is still thriving, still grow ing, O'Neill says. The celebrated Mayor Jim Johnson, one of the orig inal promoters of the battle, Is not as impoverished, O'Neill thinks, as he is described. The Shelby bank that went down to failure, has resumed operations. Thus are many fallacies and inter esting "aftermath" tales of the fam ous fight dispelled. O'Neill Is quite sure that it the original promoters had not given a misleading impression of their re sources, if they had said at once that they could not raise the money nec essary to put the fight over, the busi ness men of Great Falls would have gone to their rescue and saved the situation. As It was, the Great Falls men did not learn of the real situa tion until ft was too late. Had the final instalment of the money prom ised Dempsey and Kearns been paid promptly, O'Neill believes,, with ev eryone else, that the fight would have drawn $750,000 at least. As it was, the "gate" totalled about $250,000, practically all of which went to Kearns and Dempsey. This is In spite of the fact that It was by no means sure the fight would be held until theearly morning of the day on which It was scheduled. Dozens of trains that would have brought crowds from the Northwest, from the Pacific Coast, were can celled when It seemed certain that the fight would be called off. When Kearns finally decided to take over the gate, which decision he reached at three o'clock In the morn ing of the day of the fight, It W'as too late for people to come from any dis tant points. The decision was arrived at by Kearns 1 nthe bath room of the Chamber of the Park Hotel at Great Falls occupied by this writer. Hype Igo, and Ed Hughes, all there for the purpose of reporting the fight. At one time during the earfly hours of the morning, Kearns and the Great Falls promoter, had definitely called the fight off. The news had already gone out over the press wires. Then Kearns, listening to the ad vice of the newspapermen, called a small conference in the bath room, which was attended by all who could The New Freely-Lathering Giticura Shaving Stick ForTender Faces EMOLLIENT MEDICINAL ANTISEPTIC A Home School for yonnf men and women, where «Indent» live In plpoiwnt dormi tories on the campus and expenses are very low— BILLINGS POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE Practical Electricity anti Radio Engineering Business Shorthand and Typewriting Regular Academic or High School Junior College AUTO Tractor Engineering Music Bend at once for New Catalogue tolling all about cour»«« : FALL TERM OPENS SEPT. 22 Addrett L1W1N f. RATON Director Poljioefcnl«. Meat. By Martha Edgerton Plassmann. E were in camp for a day or so in [uly of 1863, short distance below Fort Laramie to give ourselves and our cattle a much needed rest, when Harry Tilden, a member of our!> party, and later destined to be a victim of a Plummer hold-up, with an air of great excitement came into our midst announcing : "A rich w old Sioux squaw is dead and they're going to bury her today. Wouldn't some of you like to go?" Mrs. Sanders, my cousin Lucia Darling and I, seeing in such an I t&i ■ '? . . . •A-t : ; &v: A. : >• À T : 'ij f># m ■j Bchtnd the travois which twice the remains of the Deceased, came a dozen or so of mounted squaws. They filed past and we dropped In Ixdiind them, following across the Platte river and to the Indian Cemetery. adventure—for adventure it was— a relief from the monotony of camp routine at once said that we would go. When and where was the fun eral to he? "Most any time now, and it's going to be at those bluffs on this side—the north side—of the river." he informed us. "You'll he running a great risk if you undertake such a trip," said our infallible guide, "Even if the Indians do not attack you for any other reason, how do you know they will not resent having curious spectators present at such a time?" "We don't know, but we mean to find out ;" was our reply. "Those bluffs are not more than half a mile away, and you can watch us through your spy-glass." No further attempt being made to dissuade us from our purpose, we waited for the procession to pass our camp, as we were told it would do. A little after noon we saw it crowd into this small space—Igo, Warren Brown, then of the Evening Journal, "Scope" Gleason, of the San Francisco Call, and the writer. It was there that Kearns asked for additional advice, and the advice giv en him was to go ahead with the fight at all hazards. It was there that Kearns formulat ed the plan, generally approved by those present, of taking over the gate on his own account, and adding to the money he had already collected toward the promised $300,000 purse whatever came in. At 7 o'clock In the morning, Kearns and a big crowd of newspa per writers who had not yet been to bed, climbed aboard a train for Shel by, and the battle ground. These will be pleasant reminisc ences years from now for the mfen who "covered" that fight. They will recall, fondly, the "col or" of Shelby, the cowboys, the In dians, the hints of dire trouble, the picturesque mayor, and the pictur esque citizens, the dance halls, the oil drillers, the sinister-looking body guard headed by "Injun Bill," that attended Dempsey Into the ring. Men who saw the Sulllvan-Kilbane fight at Rlchburg, Miss., love to re call that tremendous event, In pugil istic history as "colorful" In Its way, no doubt, as the Dempsey-Olbbons battle. The writer Is pleased to learn from Mr. O'Neill that the financial havoc of the fight In Shelby was not as ter rific as reported. He found the citizens of the has tily-made little town hospitable, affa ble. He found them enterprising, eager to do something to make their little city known far and wide. Perhaps It took the wrong method of expressing that energy, that en terprise, to the world. That is neith er here nor there. They were trying to DO SOMETHING, than can be said of other communi ties. That Is more The writer found the city of Great Falls one of the finest and most metropolitan little cities he has ever encountered anywhere, the people magnificent Inthelr hospitality, in their eagerness to make one feel at home. He found the great Slate of Mon tana. as he always found it In other years, growing, going ahead in jestlc strides, busy and prosperous, up-to-theminute. It has always been a great state, it will always be great state. ma a 1 coming, and made ready to follow jit- There was nothing funereal j ; 'bout the little group approaching ( ins. In front was a white horse 1 Rawing a travois and on this was 'aid a bundle of robes and blankets, n which was wrapped the corpse, By the horse's head walked a short, j stout figure, swathed in a blanket 1 tirât covered head and body. T his was reported to be a sister of the deceased. Behind the travois came a half a dozen or so of mounted squaws, all young and rather pretty. These were driving a small herd of ponies, Not in the least impressed by the solemnity of the occasion they chat ted and laughed like school girls. When they were by, we fell in not far behind them, our number aug mented by a Mr. Cowan, the sole man in the party. Cowan, who was hunter, wore a revolver, not for self protection, but from force of habit. This was our only weapon. The squaws apparently did not notice us; but if we could have un derstood what they said, we might have learned that their laughter was due to the way we were dress ed. Certainly, from an artistic standpoint, they were far more be comingly attired than we women, in our print dresses, the skirts dis tended with crinoline, and our ugly bonnets. I wore a "Shaker," the front of soft straw, with crown and cape of green haige. The front was tunnel shaped and entirely hid my face from anything but a front view. The others had sunhonnets, upon which the elements had done their worst, leaving them in a loppy state, without form or comliness. Today others than savages would laugh at such a sight. The squaws kept steadily on their way up the river for a mile or so, when they did not veer to the right, and the bluffs that had been men tioned that morning as the site of their cemetery, hut turned abruptly towards the river and started to cross it. Off came our shoes and stock ings and we waded after them. "Oh, I see," said Henry, "they're going to h'ist her onto one of those trees over there," pointing to a thick growth of cottonwoods opposite us. While we were putting on our footwear, we lost sight of the pro cession among the trees. However, its trail was easily followed, until much deepr channel of the Platte we caught up with it, on what seem JR km» H Say "Bayer Aspirin INSIST I Unless you see the "Bayer Cross" on tablets you are not getting the genuine Bayer Aspirin proved safe by millions and prescribed by phy sicians for 24 years. ' Bayer package whldhcontains proven directions Bandy "Boyar* box«« of IS tablets Also bottles of U and 100—DruggieU Aoptrla la »a trete mark «f Sayar Met» —-— — "-"—■*- - e — at BaUcyUeuM led to be the bank of another river, but in reality a second and much deeper channel of the 1 latte. What we had mistaken fur the mainland was a large island. This had en aided us to overtake the squaws, who were making preparations for entering the river, by fastening the corpse higher on the travois. At that time, women and girls were in possession of "lower limbs,'' but no legs. Pioneers are now living who can recall the re mark of Mrs. Tuttle, on alighting from the coach at Virginia City, overheard, and often repeated by that entertaining gossip the stage driver; "Said the Bishop's wife, 'Well, I am glad of a chance to get out and stretch my legs a bit,' " She was probably the first woman in Montana to admit she had such belongings, and she was merely a visitor. Watching the squaws in their progress, we saw the water reached well above their knees. What should we do* No bathing suits were available, and those then worn while modest, were not beautiful, as is indicated by Henry Holt's de scription of the costume; "The women in bathing wore bloomers and a loose blouse with a skirt to the knees, and generally a poke bonnet to protect her com plexion, and looked worse than the devil." And I may add that even this attire was regarded as shock ing by those liviing in the Middle West. who observed the proprieties. Fortunately it was out of our power to assume this garb. "How," we questioned, "can we ever cross that river with two men in the party?" The men gave the answer with a delicacy of feeling we had not dreamed they possessed. They preceded us and never once looked back. With sighs of relief, we again seated ourselves on the river bank and put on our shoes and stock ings, with the comfortable assur ance that we had reached our des tination. Shut in between the river and the semi-circle of low sand hills, was the place of burial, or rather, the place of elevation. Many scaffolds, six or eight feet from the ground, and securely fas tened to four stout corner posts, held boxes, in which were deposit ed the dead. It must have been this place which Mrs. Carrington saw a few years later. She said the boxes used for interment, were frequently those the Indians secured from the traders, and the labels of former contents, not having been removed, gave an air of grim humor to the scene. All boxes and posts there at the time of our visit, were either painted white or whitewashed. The squaws had gone to one of the platforms that held two boxes, and at once began the work of fastening another platform beneath it. While this was being done we found a good resting place on one of the sand hills, where we could watch what transpired. Many of the squaws were near us, and scat tered over the plain. Looking back of me l caught sight of the black eyes of Indian children, peering at us around the hill, but quickly dis appearing, when they found they were discovered. During the arrangement of the platform, and the placing of the new tenant box it held, the white horse stood patiently, while its bur den was removed and after wards the travois. Then a mounted Irt Liet Real Thrill When Locomotive Whistles In on Broadus Radio Although Broadus, one of the last of the real cow towns, Is 82 miles from a railroad, a locomotive ar rived there the other day with a whistle and snort that made the inhabitants' ten-gallon hats rise Into the air. The explanation is this: While many miles of prairie separate the cow town from the arteries of civ ilization, yet that civilization, no longer confined by such conventional avenues as railraods, has gone to Broadus by other routes. First came the newspaper, "The Powder River Examiner." Hardly had the natives become accustomed to this when Mr. Taylor, the store keeper, installed a radio set—daad eo In 'cow' language—equipped with loud speaker. The countryside gathered round to hear the new-fangled thing. Mr. Taylor tuned In and everyone heard the announcer say: "This Is station KFKX, Westinghouse Electric com pany. Hastings. Nebraska." Then the piercing whistle of a locomotive rent the air, followed by the sounds of the ringing bell, a hiss of rushing steam, the groanings of the car wheels, the squeak of the brakes, then the dying moan of the escaping air, and all was silent. The listeners looked at each other In mute astonishment. Almost It seemed that a great throbbing loco motive with Its long train of coaches must be standing out in front of Taylor's store. It so happens that the broadcast ing station at Hastings is situated close to the St. Joe and Grand Island station, and the 8:65 train was just pulling in as Mr. Taylor tuned In. j The windows were open and the! broadcasting apparatus faithfully | transmitted the sounds from the In coming train. For years the Broadus folks have been longing for a rail road, but they never expected to have a train come in ahead of the coming of the roadbed. tion, the old squaw could safely transfer to it, and the colt—a colt no longer—would enter with her the Indian Paradise. The mourn dian, who, until then, had been sta tioned close to the hills in the back ground, rode to the platform and shot the horse, but did not kill it, leaving it to struggle in agony where it fell. Another pony, much younger than the first, was in stantly dispatched. A pretty sor rel colt was then driven up, and was shot with an arrow, by a se cond Indian, said to have been a son of the dead squaw. This In dian then put the white horse out of its misery. At the same instant with the killing of the white horse, the blue blanketed squaw who had taken position at one side of the plat form, raised the death wail. Ear piercing and tremulous, its mes sage of sorrow carried far, and an nounced the conclusion of the cere monies. Everyone, including our selves, left, the mourner alone re maining. A little farther up the river we found a trader's house, and its owner volunteered to enlighten us regardin what we had just witness ed. It is a wearisome trail that leads to the Indian's Happy Hunt ing Ground ; far too long and dif ficult for an old woman to under take on foot. If she rode, it would not become her years to bestride a lively pony; she would prefer, to begin with, the one to which she was accustomed — her favorite white horse, so gentle and depend able. But the time would come when it would be too old to carry her; then the young pony killed having reached an age of discre INCOME TAN IT SOLVES YOUR INCOME TAX PROBLEMS THE SIMPLEX INCOME SYSTEM FOR FARMERS THE ONLY ONE MADE! Copyright»* 1917 HERE YOU HAVE A SYSTEM of simplyfied bookkeeping which enables the Farmer to keep accurate accounts without outside assistance. It'« the last word in efficiency. Your accounts are right up to the minute. SIMPLEX SYSTEMS »old everywhere. There are THREE of them—BUSINESS, PERSON AL, and for FARMERS. THE LAW: ENDORSED BV Dele« System, Anal tar's Ass'n, Burroog ht. Bank«» 1 Fab. Association. EVERT USER OP THE SIMPLEX SYSTEMS HAS BE-ORDKBBD TEAR AFTER TEAR It «— t«,— p —i Record. Every taxpayer carrying on tb* but neea of producing, manufacturing, pur chasing or telling any commodltiea or merchandize, except the bnalneae of growing and Belling producta of tba toil. than, for the purpoee of determla Ing the amount of Income under the Revenue Act of 1921, keep inch perma nent hooka of account or record«, eluding Inventorie« ta are neceaaary to eatahllth the amount of groaa Incarna and deductions, crédita, and other In formation required by at turn. (Hoc. 1300, 1808 of Revente Act of 1921.) The taxpayer shall prodnoe sash books of account or records for tbs In spect rlsed (Sec. 1921.) (Approved Not. 2. 1921. A. W. Mellon, Secretary of the Treasury D. H. Blair, Com. of Internal Bevaana.) PRICE, $5.00 PER COPY In Cat Oat and Mall To QLABOOW COURIER, Dletrlbatora GLASGOW, MONT. Incoro« tax ra PIcaM null Income Sietem for Farmer*. Enclosed find Money Order for |S.M. .—eopy Simplex ton of revenue officer« doly autbo by law to Inapect the «am« • * 268 and ISOS of the Revenus Act af NAM* Addrrn« IX. C. RULING WILL 1IC AKT A CAinKTf TA MEAN A SAVING 1Ü STATE WOOL MEN I I I j MONTANA SHIPPERS WILL SAVE: $50,00« ANNUALLY, SAYS COMMISSIONERS' REPORT Cut In Both East and West Bound Kates to Take Effect on October 23, Next, Varying From 5 to 12 Per Cent. Freight rat<*s on wool shipments from Montana to eastern seaboard markets will be reduced on an av erage of 9 per cent, effective Octo ber 23, next, as a result of the rec ent Interstate commerce commis sion order denying authority to carriers to establish or continue lower rates on wool fro mthe Paci fic Coast terminals to the east than from Intermediate points,... This information was a part of a recent report of the state board of railway commissioners. The proposed reductions will vary from 5 per cent from eastern Montana points to 12 per cent from western state points. would be reduced to $*2.02. These rates would be subject to minor changes In preparing tariffs over the various workable routes, the board announced. Another feature of the commission order Is the compilation of rates to the east on a single direct tariff basis Instead of the present system of computing rates from a combination of tariffs from the var ious terminals. West-bound rates to the Pacific coast were also ordered established on a basis of 65 per cent of the first class rates, present rates being figur ed at about 60 per cent of first-class rates. According to the board esti mates only a small portion of the Montana clip is shipped to the west coast. Taking an 18,000,000 pound clip as a basis, Montana wool shippers will save more than $50,000 annually, the board announced. Under the pre sent scale the maximum rate from western Montana to Boston, assum ing Missoula Is a representative point is $2.73 ft per hundred weight, which would be reduced to $2.42. Assum ing Miles City as a representative eastern Montana point, the present minimum rate.from Montana to Bos ton of $2.13% per hundred weight, ing the trader said, often contin ued for a month or more. "Oh, Yes!" he continued, "They fix 'em up alright for t he trip; give 'em plenty of food, and if it is a warrior, leave him a weapon or whatever he might like to have on his way. Funny, what queer no tions savages have about death. But they really do seem to care when a relative dies; tear their hair; cut off part of their fingers, and the like. Sometimes I think their mourning is as genuine as our own." Here he stopped talking long enough to light his pipe, then con tinuing: "Your camp's across the river, isn't it? I've a boat down here, and if you're willing, I'll row you across." At thought of the mile of river ahead of us, we were more than willing, and were safely tak en to the opposite bank by the obliging Frenchman, who refused to .accept payment for his labor. Thanks to him, we reached camp long before sunset, where we spent the evening detailing our exper iences of the day. Jen A «Ida mu Wa« Crossing the Ocean on one of her European trip«, and, having been ill herself, started to sympathize with an Irishman tu the second cabin . who appar ently was having a very active time. Laying her hand gently on the Irish man's shoulder. Miss Addums cried: "l very sorry yon are so 111, my good man. Your atomaeh Is onl ywcak that la all." "Wake stummlck nawthln'," answered the Irishman. "Ol'm throwln' as fur an anny man on tbla aide of the ship mum," 5 ivah ° f Gh «»'« r ^ uinE1 P Speeding Rast On 5 , 000 -Miie Trip To Cornwall, England Chester Blm Clump, speeding westward—alone—to visit his en-_ enormously wealthy Uncle Blm In Australia, has rivals for public at tentlon In the "Three Little Rlch ardses," who are speeding east ward—also alone—from Missoula, Montana, to Truro, Cornwall, Eng land, to make their home with their grandmother, But there is a difference. As the readers of the comic sections have noticed, Chester is spending money like water on everything that pleases him. On the other hand, when the Three Little Richardses invoiced their finances in Minneapolis recently as they were passing that point of their journey, they found they had $28.20 of the $30 pocket money with which they were suplled upon leaving Mis soula. With no milloins back of them, but something just as good—organ ization and co-operatfon—the Thjye Little Richardses are having just as happy a journey as the Australia bound Chester. William Richards, aged 12, does the talking to the conductor. George, William's twin, is custodian of the railway and steamship tickets. Grace, aged 10, has charge of the cash fund. Thus the three share equally in the heavy responsibility of an unescort ed pilgrimage of more than 6,000 miles. The Three Little Richardses sailed from Montreal on the Ansonia, Cunard Liner. ■o $30,000 IN PRIZES WILL BE AWARDED AT THE STATE FAIR EXHIBITORS AT STATE FAIR TO BE WELL REWARDED; A FINE PROGRAM List of Events to Include Race«, Ac robatic Entertainment, Musical Program, and Fireworks Fach of The Evenings. Montana state fair departmental officials, members of the executive Iwiard and various suit-committee« have started on an extensive cam paign to perfect plans for the twen ty-second annual exposition sched uled to open at Helena September 23 next, and continue until Septem ber 27, according to Information recently given ont by B. T. Moon», head of the state fair division of the department of agriculture. Premium lists now being distribut ed throughout the state show that $30,000 will be paid in cash premi ums In addition to the various rib bons and other awards. Dally programs include harness, running and relay races, both men's and women's relay races being sche duled, numerous acrobatic enter tainments, musical programs and fireworks displays each evening Auto races are slated for the open ing and closing days with special ev ents billed for September 25. Special awards will be offered for wheat and other small grains with a view to establishing the importance of raising a grain of high milling qualities. Livestock and poultry fanciers from all sections of the northwest have made inquiries re garding exhibition space. Indicating an unusually large list of entries, Mr. Moore states. Boys' and Girls' Club work will be stressed at the junior fair, entries being expected from virtually all of the 264 clubs organized In 33 counties during the past year. Special group gatherings and re unions have been arranged by the fair board for each of the five days. Tuesday, September 23, is designated as school children's and veterans' day, Wednesday, as Montana Prin cess,Great Falls, Gallatin, Kiwanis and Northern Montana day; Thurs day as coronation, Butte, Rotary club, Deer Lodge, commercial and news papermen's day; Friday as farm or ganization. queen of Montana, pi oneers' and Helena day; Saturday as auto racing and children's day. Ar rangerais are under way to establish headquarters for the various units in one of the pavllllons. DEDICATE HUBBART DAM TO WELFALE OF LITTLE BITTER ROOT PEOPLE The Hubbart Dam, near St. Ig natius, was officially christened re cently when Mrs. C. J. Moody, wife of the Flathead project manager, broke a bottle of Little Bitter Root water against the spillway of the dam, saying, "I christen thee, Hubbart dam, to the welfare of the people of the Little Bitter Root." James Her bert of Poison, and P. N. Bernard of Kallspell made the dedicatory ad dresses. After a picnic dinner which was attended by about 260 people, and served In a large mess hall of the camp, talks were made by Mr. Francis Goodwin of Washington, assistant secretary of the Interior, Project Manager C. J. Moody and J ames Herbert, Mr. Goodwin stated that he would recommend congressional action to reduce construction charges in the Little Bitter Root, to the am ount that they would be If they were »portioned over the whole project. Hubbart dam Is a crescent dam, 90 feet high, 600 feet long. 24 feet wide at the bottom, and five feet wide at the top, and Is built across the canyon of the Little Bitter Root. This Is the only dam of its kind In the United Stales. The dam cost about $360,000, and will make a lake three and one-half miles long, making possible thelrrigation of 10, 000 acres of land.