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CAMPBELL ASSUMES OOPiPiY 5 RESPONSIBILITY 0Fi URff8¥ IMPORTANT POST NOTED STATE AGRICU LTUR1KT WILL, ASSIST IN THE LAND SETTLEMENT PROGRAM Appointment At Till* Time is in Une With The Elaborate Flans of The Recently Organized Montana I .an it (Settlement Congre«» Louis A. Campbell, county agri cultural agent in Hill ami Ravalli counties since 1020, became bead of the division of labor and publi city of the Montana department of agriculture on Augast 1. Under Mr. Campbell It Is expected that the activities of the state as re lated to land settlement will be de veloped as outlined at the Montana land settlement congress held at Helena last March. "Need for -actlcal work on the part of the state land settlement on Permanent lines led to the selection ui a man whose training and exper ience fit him to take lead in that 4 WM Louis A. Campbell, Ftormer County Agent for Hill and Ravalli coun ties, Who Has Recently been Ap pointed Head of Labor and Public ity for the Montana Department of Agrlcuturc. work. The object is to develop a functioning system by which the state makes early contract with the prospective settler, and helps him as far as possible in becoming estab lished under conditions that offer a maximum chance to succeed," said Commissioner Davis in announcing Mr. Campbell's appointment. Mr. Campbell Is a native of Wiscon sin, a graduate of the University of Minnesota agricultural college, who from 1916 to 1920 operated a farm of which he was owner in Hill coun ty, Montana. He became county ag ent for Hill county in 1920, serving in that capacity for three years. For three months early in 1923 he con ducted farm accounting schools TRACTOR DISTILLATE 341-38 gravity MORE POWER THAN KEROSENE and COSTS 1-3 LESS than Kerosene A 100% Montana Product. Made in Montana by a Mon tana company from Montana crude oil, for Montana people. Address inquiries to— SUNBURST REFINING COMPANY Great Tails Montana Independent Send name and address for a free road map of Montana (In colors) sent free on request. FREE! WATCH This Space for the Newest and Best ia Radio We handle only the best apparatus manufactured by recognized companies. The Montana Electric Com pany has been doing business in your state since 1896. Our statements and advertising are backed by a firm with an unquestioned reputation. To Montana Electric Company, 60 Bast Broadway, Butte, Mont. I am Interested In Radio and would like to have you send your free ! '.dlo Booklet. Name... .—...... Address ... My Radio Dealer 1 b HOMAS CURRY, one of the pioneer stockmen of northern Montana who was long asso ciated with the late W. G. Conrad in his extensive cattle interests in Montana and Canada and who serv ed several terms as county commis sioner of Cascade county during the later years of his life, once had a thrilling personal encounter with Sitting Bull, famous Medicine Man and leader of the warring tribe of Sioux Indians. This thrilling ex perience was related by Mr. Curry in a published interview about a quarter of a century ago. At the time of the meeting of Curry and Sitting Bull the former was on his way up the Missouri river from Fort Buford with a small party of associates who had been detailed to erect an Indian trading post at the mouth of the Pouchette creek, a small stream flowing into the Missouri from the north about 20 miles above the mouth of the Musselshell river. Pouchette creek, the name of which appeared upon the maps of Mon tana territory more than half a ce.i.ury ago, now bears the modern name of Telegraph creek. In relat ing the Sitting Bull incident, in his interview of 1900, Curry said: "It. was in 1870 that we made the overland trip from Fort Buford to Fort Peck, and then up the ri ver, to build Fort Pouchette, Var ious parties were being sent out at that time from Fort Peck to build Fort Belknap, a trading post at Wolf Point and one at the mouth of Pouchette creek. Abel Fairwell and his party started out with a mule train for Belknap; W. H. Bil bey and others went up the river to Wolf Point in a scow; and Higbee and his party of six men went up the stream about 150 miles to Pou chette creek. "The party of which I was a member started out afoot from Fort Buford for Fort Peck, a dis tance of about 200 miles. The party consisted of Yellowstone Kel ly, George Farmer, George Pow ell, Tie-Up George, Phillip Rafel and myself. The night before the start everything was arranged for the next morning, and when it ar rived we found that Kelly had started alone and he was not seen T throughout the state for the State College, and from April, 1923 to the present he has been county agent for Ravalli county and secretary of the Ravalli county fair. His experience has been Intimate with the type of non-lrrigated farming that is found In north central Montana, and the highly specialized agriculture that is found In Ravalli county. In northern Montana during years of sub-normal rainfall, Mr. Camp bell's work was aimed toward in creasing the corn acreage, developing flood water Irrigation possibilities, and encouraging better methods of summer tillage and the use of modern summer fallow implements to con trol soil blowing. In Ravalli county he built up the first cow-testing as sociation now operating in Montana, and his work toward dairy develop ment particularly with dairy calf clubs, has attracted wide attention. He has had the management of the Ravalli county fair. The Ravalli Livestock Shipping association was organized under his direction. The department of agriculture hopes to develop the work of this division under Mr. Campbell, with the co-operation of the state land settle ment board, provldede for by the Land Settlement Congress, announce ment board, provided for by the President Atkinson of the State Agri cultural College, who is chairman of the congress. Mr. Campbell is now in Helena, but will return to Hamilton later on leave of absence to assist In conduct ing the Ravalli county fair the first of October. til we arrived at Milk river, except [ that on the trail we found the j bleaching bones of six white men and a California Indian, who had]was, by us until the arrival of the party at Fort Peck. He was a strange, solitary character and preferred to be alone, even in a fight. "Our party left Fort Peck one morning in September, 1878, and traveled about 25 miles a day with out any incident of importance un- 1 KITTING BI LL was perhaps the most hated and feared of al the Indians on the Plains, and to meet him face to face, and alone on the open prairie, as did Curry and his eompanions, was not altogether a pleas ant experience. / I. 'X f. - y ? , » j : : -T ■ * r* / t 4 i : I : ft Ü Zj ? '. |C a# J < A - m r Ur '7 } I * £ V i V A. » been killed' several years before. They were gold hunters and had been ambushed and massacred by the Sioux. "We were pretty well tired out when we reached the Milk river, and while climbing the hill we put our guns in the Red River cart, which carried our bedding and pro visions for the tri.p Powell and I were about 300 yards ahead of the cart, and just as we were about to reach the top of the hill we con cluded to wait for our guns, for we were in a country infested with wandering bands of Sioux war par ties. When the cart caught up with us and just as we were taking out our guns, six painted Indians ap peared on the brow of the hill and came rapidly toward us. "At a glance we recognized one as Sitting Bull and another as Black Moon. With them they had a Crow prisoner. They were all mounted and Sitting Bull rode a mule, leading a fine, large Ameri can horse, evidently a cavalry ani mal. 'Sitting Bull commanded us to stop and every man obeyed at the first word, for we all supposed that Sitting Bull and a big band of his warriors hiden away, awaiting a signal from him to begin the slaughter, and while we were talk ing to him our eyes kept wandering to the surrounding coulees, expect ing every moment to see the paint ed devils jump out and attack us. It was by no means a pleasant situa tion and there was not a man in our party who considered his life worth a nickle's purchase. "Sitting Bull got right down to business and asked us if we wanted to fight, signifying his willingness to accommodate us at the drop of the hat. "We didn't care for that sort of amusement just then and politely informed him of the fact, telling him where we were going and our mission. Sitting Bull did not urge I the point and told us that he wasj just from Fort Peck that morning, the first time he had been in a white man's trading post for six years. He said he had made ar rangements for trading during the coming winter and was on his way back with the 200 warriors who had accompanied him. "The mention of 200 braves con firmed our worst fears and we sup posed that the coulees were full of them, and his renewed offer to fight did not calm our fears. A little dog we had in our party had stretched himself out in the middle of the group, tired like the rest of us. Sitting Bull was an arsenal of He had a rifle, how and arrows, and a six-shooter in a belt, To show us that he was our mast er, and we thought he certainly he deliberately pulled his re weapons. volver and put six bullet holes into the dog. We made no protest, but had we known that there were only six in the Indians' party, it is a possibility that Custer's massacre never would have occurred. "Sitting Bull kept up his talking for about an hour and it was not a pleasant hour by any means. He told us in his bragging, boasting way that he owned the whole coun try and that it was by his suffrance that white dogs, as he called us, were permitted in it. " T own the Black Hills,' he said, with a haughty dignity, and, here is the key which I alone car "With these words he pulled a ry T0ÜEY BOÜLE, UEmmE 0FTIH1E Ü0D00 INDIAN WAR, HEÜEfôEi By E. A. BRININSTOOL Author "Trail I>u«t of a Maverick," "A Trooper With Cuater," "The FetteriuiiB Disaster," Et From Hnnier-Trader-Trapper, Columbus, Ohio PART III. The next clay when the soldiers advanced, they found the strong hold decerted, save for four old blind and crippled Modocs, who were promptly shot down. While searching for the trail of the de parted braves, a volley was fired at the troops from ambush which was so deadly that 22 soldiers were in stantly killed and 18 wounded. There were hut 21 Indians in this attacking party, many of them now being armed with Spencer repeat ing rifles secured from the soldiers. Not an Indian was struck by a bul let fired by the troops. After the battle a wounded soldier left on the field shot and killed one of the Mo-i This 1 docs known at Little Ike. soldi er was hunted down and shot several times by the Modocs, being left for dead on the field. He was later rescued by the troops, but died in the hospital. Following this skirmish, the Mo docs had many fights with the sol diers. Along in May, one of the Modocs named "Ellen's Man" was killed, supposedly by the soldiers. He was one of the most beloved big brass key from a buckskin bag which was suspended from his neck, and showed it to us with un concealed pride. Soon after our con ference ended, but before he left us, he said that his 200 warriors had crossed the. river at old Fort Gil pin, a point about 200 miles ahead, where the buffalo forced the ri ver in the spring and fall. He told us that if we were lucky we could get through without being seen by them, but if they discovered us we were as good as dead . were thus given a show, but put little faith in his words, as we were confident the Indians were hidden in the coulees around us. "We took leave of Sitting Bull without regret and made all speed for a strip of timber which we could sc about five miles ahead of us. We had gone scarcely a mile when we saw in the far distance several horsemen coming rapidly in our direction. We suposed they were Indians and spurred our ef forts to reach the timber first, as we could have no show for onr lives in the open. It was a race for life and we reached one side just as the other party plunged into the other side of it. In an instant every man of us was under cover ami ready for action. A moment later we heard them coming to ward us. The dim outlines of a man could be seen in advance and just as one of our party was about to fire we recognized him as Yel lowstone Kelly. "It was an agreeable surprise and Kelly and his companions were warmly welcomed. Among them were Mike Welsh, and Joseph Burch. They and five others had come out to meet us, knowing that we were on the way, and expecting we would get into trouble with the Indians. "We arrived at Fort Gilpin and found that Sitting Bull had told the truth. We could see a large body of horsemen had crossed the riv er but a short time before and were on the other side. That night it was dark and we made camp oppo site the spot where the steamer Amelia Poe had sunk several years before. In the morning when we got up, great was onr surprise to We we camped a grave yard, for scattered around were the bodies of five white men who had been killed by the Indians. These men had come up to the place for the purpose of digging whiskey out of the hold of the sunken steamer, which now lay covered deep with white sand. Quite a number of barrels had been taken out before the. Indians fell upon them and killed them all. "We arrived safely at Peck and found that the friendly mission of Sitting Bull consisted in charging up and down the bottom near the Fort with 200 yelling warriors and liurling defiance at every one in the post and inviting themtocomc out and he slaughtered." of the warriors, and a violent quar rel broke out among the band as to the cause of his death. This at last resulted in a division of the fighting forces of the Modocs. One faction, embracing Bogus Charley, Hooker Jim, Scarfaced * Charley and Shacknasty Jim finally went to the Fairchild ranch, where General Davis troops—was stationed. They told him they were tired of fighting and wanted to surrender. They also in timated that they were ready and willing to assist the troops in run ning down the remainder of Cap tain Jack's warriors. General Dav is at once engaged the traitors as scouts and trailers at salaries of $100 each per month. It was hard dodging for Captain Jack after that. However, he and his small band managed to elude the troops until June 1, 1873 when the Modoc warriors who had turn ed against their chief, trailed him down, and he was captured. With him at the time were his sub-chief, John Schonchin and some 40 or 50 others— old men, women and chil dren. then in charge of the After the capture of Captain Jack had been effected, the prison ers were remoived to Fort Klamath, Oregon, Here the leading mem bers of the band stood trial for DISCLOSE BIG MINE DYING PRISONKR DISCIXKSKS Ills SECRET OF ALLEGED PLACER AND QUARTZ CLAIM Turn« Over to Hilt Cellmate Map and ■ Full Information of laa-allon; Via It of Investigator« Falls As Yet to Dtaelo«« any startling ••strike." ] Visions of an old-fashioned gold strike were seen In the vlelnfly of ... i, ,, _ ,, , Oolumbia Falls recently when it 1 was learned that a parly of three men had left for the South Fork country to local« an old abandoned placer and quart/, claim. It Berns that a certain man by the name of Barnes prospected the South Fork district many years ago. A few years later he killed a man in Nevada and was sent to prison to serve a life term. He developed tuberculosis and ns he realised he was going to die, he confided to a fellow cell-mate the lo cation of the gold and with a pen drew a sketch of the country with complete directions for reaching it. Thls sketch was later sold to a sa loon keeper In Portland who kept It untll recently, when, In conversa lion with a man familiar with the( South Fork country ho was convlnc od that the matter was worth looking Into. Several blue-prints of (he original drawing were made and a short time ago the three men first mentioned started Into (he South Fork country to locate the mine. They were also able to follow the directions on the map with little trouble and located the creek where the convict had de clared that nuggets and free gold was to he plainly seen o nthe creek-bed. While the nuggets failed to ma terialize, the men did locate soraefa vorable appearing quartz. They ex tracted about 50 pounds and brought It out and sent It to a Spokane con cern to have It assayed, and are now awaiting his report. One of the party is not satisfied that they located the right place and ho plans on going back soon to make a more extensive search. While tho South Fork district has been pros pected quite thoroughly In years past and splendid showings of silver, cop per. lead and coal were found, there iias been but little gold In commer cial quantities found. Should the assay office at Spokane find that the ore which the three men brought out recently Is of sufficient value to warrant mining, It will start n stampede into the South Fork coun try that may rival the good old days of Last Chance gulch on tho east side of the range. murder. These were Captain Jack, John Schonchin, Boston Charley Black Jim and Slolux. The four Modoc traitors who had assisted in the murder of General Canby and Rev. Thomas, were freed — or rather were not tried at all for com plicity in the massacre, because of the fact that they had surrendered voluntarily and rendered valuable aid in running down the remnants of the band. The trial began in July and lasted nearly a month. Every Modoc Indian was placed on the stand, but they had no counsel. Frank and Tobey Kiddle acted as interpreters during the entire trial, rendering invaluable service. When Captain Jack was put on the stand he made a masterly talk. In ringing terms he scathingly de nounced the treatment of his tribe at the hands of the whites and the government. Among other things he said : "The government ought to care <or my young people. See the good land and the size of the coun try that is taken away from me and my people. If I wanted to talk more I could tell you facts, and prove by white people that which would open your eyes about the way my people have been murder ed by the whites, I will say that not one white man was ever pun ished for those deeds. If the white people who killed our women and children had been tried and punished, I would not have thought so much about myself and my com panions. Do we Indians stand any show for justice with you white people and your own laws? I say no! You white people can shoot any of us Indians any time you want to, whether we are at war or at peace. Can any of you tell me whenever any white man has been punished in the past for killing a Modoc in cold blood? No, you cannot tell me! 1 am on the edge of the grave. My life is in you peo ple's hands. 1 charge the white people with wholesale murder—not only once, but many times. Think about Ben Wright—what did he do ? He killed nearly 50 of my peo ple, among them my father. Was he or any of his men ever punish ed? No, not one! Mind you, Ben Wright and his men were civilized white people. The other whites at Yreka made a hero of him because he murdered innocent Indians, Now here I am. I killed one man after I had been fooled by him many times, and I was forced to do the act by my own warriors, The law says, 'Hang him ; he is nothing but an Indian anyhow; we can kill (Continued on Agricultural Page) ^ FAMOUS SUN DANCE WYOMING TRIBES PARTICIPATE IN FORBIDDEN KELIGIOI'S "SI N" CEREMONIAL : Moat Wlerd of All Tribal Dances j Typical of Earliest D«)h of The | Plain» Is Staged Ry Two Nations Near lotmler. 1 Whether Montana's Indian tribes ''/* follow in the footsteps of their Wyoming brothers in the olmerv ", anco of the Mindance, remains to be seen. Overriding the object tlons of Indian Agent R. F. Haas, Shoshone and.Arapahoe Indians re eenlly indulged (n the forbidden Sundance, a sacred ceremony which lasts three days and three nights. Out at Fort Washakie, 16 miles .from Lander, Wyoming, the Shoshone tribe spent several days in their pre parafions. The huge pole In the cen ter of a circle of poles represents the Dlety or the sun and the 12 poles of tho circle may bo the tradition which has come down through the ages, numbering tho twelve tribes of He brews. Around the outside poles, bowers of brush were built for shel ter when the Indians fall exhausted, The place was lighted at night by a huge bonfire. A smudge was built near tho circle and Into this smoke the dancers would go from time to Mine to he toasted by the heat In the belief that the soles of their bare feet were toughened for the ordeal, All Attend the Ceremonies. Every Indian of the reservation attends these ceremonies. More than 1,600 from Infants on the hacks of squaws to the oldest woman or brave able to get there circled the ceremony grounds. They cook as best they can for those who dance but that seems to be an incidental matter with them on an occasion of this nature. The ceremony Is wlcrd. Within the circle of poles the Indian braves dunce almost constantly for three days anti nights. Each dancer has a hone whistle between his teeth and as he exhales and inhales his breath the sound augments the wlerd music of the tom toms. Hack and forth to ward the center pole some mince for ward with half-inch hops, head thrown hack, while others with sway ing bodies and little hops approach the pole and hack again until deep paths are worn In the ground. During the time of the dance the braves toko neither food nor drink. If one breaks away to the stream nearby for refreshment. It, Is his loss of the blessing which they believe comes to those who endure. Sunrise is The Climax The squaws and children dtund about the circle watching tho dancing and taking part In the singing to the music o( the drums. The dance reaches Its climax Just as tho sun rises above the horizon each morning, the braves throwing themselves and crying out with blood curdling yells. Approaching the pole they throw their arms about It as though seek ing protection und help. The de scent of spiritual power seems to fall upon them then, giving health and strength as well as forgiveness of sins. At times the sick among the tribe are brought within the circle of the dancers. They are lined up and the participants dance about them, strik ing their chests with some Instru ment believed to transmit strength and health to the diseased ones. The teaching of healing by faith and by prayer seems to be a part of the be lief of the red man and the efficacy of tho Sundance Is considered a po tent factor of life. Dance To The Finish. By the end of the third day and the beginning of the last night the In dians can scarcely crawl or utter » sound. Their togues swollen by thirst, their bodies, almost nude, show heavy lines of fatigue with fac es drawn and tense they move back and forward to the pole with automa tons almost crazed by hunger and exhaustion. With the faint streak of dawn the braves throw their arms to the east and begin the last lap of the dance. Reaching a climax as the first beams of light from the rim of the sun strikes the dancers the dance ends with paroxysms of physical ex ertion and wlerd yells and groans that are Impossible to describe. The sight must be seen to be ap preciated and when the word went out that the dance was to be held people travelled hundreds of miles to see It. Many View Riles Federal authorities had come to be lieve that their restrictions would al ways be respected by their wards and that the Indian had banished forever from his thoughts the idea of partiel patlng in this ceremony again when last summer the leaders of the tribes began to gather the poles for the cere mony, counsel was unavailing and au thorities realized that to forbid meant insurrection and defeat of authority. A compromise was reached whereby the Indians agreed not to lacerate their bodies with knives or draw blood. The Arapahoe tribe erected their poles about four miles from Fort Washakie, and started their dance a few days later than that of the Sho shones. People who visited the scene of the dances this year reported even wilder orgies than those which char acterized the dance of last year. Beauty Pays No Stret Gar Farr A peacock from the Columbia Gar dena aviary rode two miles on top of a Butte street car a few days ago. The bird boarded the car at the gar dens depot and was not discovered until the Braund house was reached. The traveler was returned to his own corner of the zoo. -o Lnnkrd Possible to Min* —"The Judge looked over nt the* prisoner and Raid: "You nre privileged to challenge any member of the Jury now being Impaneled." Hogan brightened. ''Well thin/* «aid he. "yer Honor. Ol'll folght the nhniall mon wld wan eye, In the corner there fornlnit ye/'