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The Carbon County chronicle. [volume] (Red Lodge, Mont.) 1924-1924, August 13, 1924, Image 8

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Camjiaign This Season Is Great Suc
cess; Preparations Made for Next
Year Mean Still Greater Reduction
of Infection from These Hordes,
Assurance tlial Montana is "over
the peak" of her crop trouble from
grasshoppers, that the grasshopper
damage t<> the 1IKM crop is, on the
whole, not serious, and tliat there
le every probability of still furth
er reduction of grasshopper infest
ation next year, was given to the
agriculturists of Montana at Boze
man recently by J. R. Parker, act
ing state entomologist, following
a conference with his field men at
tile State College.
Although forced with serious infes
tation at the beginning of the year,
the entomologists of the college had
taken the pains to learn of every
Infested district in the state. A map
was made last winter showing re
gions where egg masses had been
found in serious numbers. Early this
spring a vigorous campaign was car
ried on to start prompt control
measures in the dangerous spots. The
experience this year has proved the
map correct and control measures
that prevented serious crop damage
In practically every county of the
Before the poisoning campaign
started the state entomologist, Prof.
R. A. Cooley of Montana State Col
lege, took up the mater with rail
roads operating in Montana and ob
tained a reduction of freight rates to
one-half for all grasshopper poison
ing supplies. This freight reduction
has resulted in a saving of thousands
of dollars to the Montana counties.
Counties were induced to prepare for
early campaigns, getting all supplies
on hand and mixing plants started
before the young hoppers had started
work In the spring.
Story of Preparedness.
The story of the successful fight
against the grasshopper in Montana
in 1924 is a story of preparedness.
Young hopers are easily controlled
with the poisoned bran mash, but
once they reach the adult stage the
control becomes difficult. With every
infested district In the state known
to the state enomologist's office and
with material for poisoning cam
paigns on hand in every county early
In the season, the control for 1924
baa been so complete that in no
•ingle county of Montana has serious
crop damage been reported from
grasshoppers on any large acreage.
One of the biggest and most suc
cessful of the county campaigns was
carried out in Pondera county, where
Infestation last spring proved that
the farmers of that county were
faced with another bad grasshopper
year if complete control measures
were not adopted. This county had
a mixing plant that could handle
1,000 pounds of poisoned bran mash
fn 16 minutes, and co-operation of
farmers was enlisted to cover the
entire crop district of the county.
County tax levy provided funds and
the bait was distributed free to all
farmers. Pondera county, as the re
sult of its big campaign, changed a
dangerous situation into one of prac
tical freedom from grasshopprs, and
crops In that county are returning
yields that will pay many fold the
cost of the campaign.
And the best part of the story told
by Mr. Parker and his assistants is
that the "cleanup" w'hich was suc
cessful this year means that 1925
will have even less grasshopper dan
ger. Fewer grasshoppers will lay eggs
this fall and there will be less young
hoppers to handle in control meas
ures next spring. The year 1925
should be proof of the claim of the
entomologists that a vigorous cam
paign one year is better than half
hearted measures over a series of
Centennial's Experience.
This experience is found in the
Centennial valley of Beaverhead
county. In 1920 and 1921 this dis
trict had severe grasshopper damage.
Farmers and county officials were
not convinced that poisoning would
pay. But money was raised and ex
perts went into the field. They soon
found they did not have enough.
funds to complete the control meas
ures. They appealed for more funds,
but there was still skepticism. Then
they took county officials and lead
ing farmers over the areas that had
been treated with halt. It took only
a short time to convince every one
that the campaign was a success.
Money was raised to finish the work
and this valley, as a result has had
no outbreak of grasshoppers since
1921, although other regions of the
state suffered in 1922 and 1923.
The entomologists have had help
this year from the sarcophagld fly,
the avenging nemesis of the grass
hopper family. This fly, sometimes
called the flesh fly, lays its living
maggot on the side of the grasshop
per and the maggot entrenches itself
In the 'hopper's body and does
effective work. Many hoppers killed
by this fly have been found In fields
visited by the entomologists this year.
Another help that spelled thou
sands of dollars of value to Montana's
crops this year was the cold snap
that followed the warm days of Feb
ruary and March caught many young
hoppers that had hatched in
warm days. Cold weather caused
lowered vitality for them and
favorable to a fungus growth that
killed many of them.
• The grasshopper outbreak in Mon
tana has obtained some unwelcome
comment in the past three or four
years and Montana farmers and bust,
ness men are receiving with welcome
the news that the 192.4 damage
■egligible and that there are pros
pects for even less trouble in 1925.
Treasure State Farm and Livestock
The leading articles on this page are prepared by experts of the State Agricultural College at Boze
man, where the state and federal governments are expending large sums of money in experimentation
determine the best tillage methods for Montana, and these articles are descriptive of the results of
is urged to file these articles away.
this work. Every farmer reader of this newspaper
ARMERS who came to Montana
from the East brought with
them the idea that turkeys are
difficult to raise. There is difficulty
with turkeys in the eastern states
where range is limited and where the
disease blackhead ravages entire
flocks. But in Montana, with its
practical freedom from the disease,
because of the range, turkey raising
has become an important industry.
Montana will this fall produce a
larger supply of turkeys for the holi
day markets than ever before.
Turkeys do best where there Is
little rain, especially in the spring,
and are not seriously affected by the
cold if provided with some sort of
shelter from storms and winds. The
cereal crops grown in this state are
ideal for turkey feeding, and when
allowed to range the birds will feed
largely on grasshoppers and insects
during the summer. They pick up a
large amount of grain from the stub
ble in the fall, and with a little ex
tra feeding they can be finished
quickly for the holiday markets.
During the summer turkeys should
receive only a small amount of grain.
These feedings will depend upon the
quantity of bugs, grasshoppers and
other feed they can pick up on the
range. Most breeders prefer to give
a light feeding of equal parts of
wheat and oats in themornlng and a
somewhat heavier feed at roosting
time. The night feeding is largely to
induce the turkeys to come to roost.
For the best results in the summer
the turkeys should be kept on the
Turkeys do not fatten well during
hot weather and therefore fattening
for market should not begin until
the first of October when the weather
begins to get cool.
On account of their nervous tem
perament turkeys do not take well
to confinement in pens and as a gen
eral rule will fatten better If allowed
to range. The amount at exercise
should be restricted as much as pos
sible to still keep them contented.
The market season for turkeys is
fairly short, extending ; 'rom about
the middle of November to the last of
Cutlcura for Sore Hand*.
ßoak hands on retiring in the hot euds
of Cutlcura Soap, dry and rub in Cu
tlcurn Ointment.
Ointment with tissue paper. This Is
only one of the tilings Cutlcura will do
if Soap, Ointment and Talcum are used
tor nil toilet ou rnoses.—Adv.
Remove surplus
With ■ good Hltry, ti ready (or yon
when you complete a course at this effi
cient school. Graduates make good
and advance rapidly.
Thorough training in Stenography,
Bookkeeping and Accounting, Secretar
ial work and Civil Service preparation.
We help yon get the desired position
when qualified, ao as to realise cash di
vidends on your education. Enter any
time. If yon can't come to the achool,
our Borne Study Department brings
the school to you. Write today for full
information abont preparing for an of
(tca position.
Mile* City
Grazing Tracts
Bordering Lolo
National Forest
25,000 ACRES and
10,000 ACRES AT
Splendid grass, water,
brouse and shade. Has
a eouthern slope giving
early pasture. Railroad
spur touches the land
Terms; 10
down, balance divided
Into 10 yearly payments.
per cent
»rawer lfi»0, Missoula, Moot.
Preparing Grains, Grasses
And Other Products For
Exhibit at Fairs and Shows
From Montana State College
HERE are certain "tricks of the
trade" known to stockmen who
fit their animals for the show
ring. The fitting of the animals for
the ring plays a big part in the deci
sion of the judges, since the prize
awarding is governed to some extent
by Just plain "looks" of the exhibit.
This is as true of grains and grass
es as it is of animals. The farmer
who showis grains and grasses in
competition should know the prin
ciples of fitting exhibits for the show
table. It has been noted at county
and state fairs in recent years that
few farmers know how to prepare
their exhibits properly.
For the benefit of farmers who
want thelatest information along
this line the State College extension
service has issued a bulletin on "Ga
thering and Preparing Show Grains
and Grasses." This bulletin is dis
tributed free in Montana from the ex
tension service in Bozeman.
Grasses that are to be entered in
the show should be gathered when
the heads are well out of the boot,
says H. R. Sumner, editor of the bul
letin, and they should bo gathered
when the leaves are not only plenti
ful but of a fresh, green color. A
sample will be judged principally
upon its showing of superior forage
quality, its apparent feeding value.
Care should be used to obtain a lux
uriant clump of long, fine stemmed
material. After cutting close to the
ground to obtain all the foliage, the
sample should be cured In a way to
hold the natural green color. This is
done by spreading the sample out
on a clean floor or table In some out
building, taking care that no strong
light strikes it. As the sample is be
ing spread out, still green, all dried
stems, weeds And foreign grasses
should be removed, thus insuring a
pure sample for the exhibit.
After the sample has dried suffi
ciently so that it will not mold when
gathered in bunches, it should be tied
rather loosely about the butt and
hung up with the heads down, taking
care that It Is allowed to swing free
and not touched on any side. In
cases where only a limited amount
of space is available the sample may
be divided into a number of small
bunches, tied loosely and hung on a
wire stretched for that purpose.
It Is difficult to obtain a sample
that shows both yield and fine quali
ty. Consequently It often happens
that the finest stemmed sample of
timothy or red top lacks in strength
of stem. In such a case many exhib
itors cause a coarser and larger
August is a good month for culling
the poorest hens from the farm flock.
There are many points about the hen
that will show her egg laying ability
without the actual egg record. Farm
ers who have practiced careful cull
ing find that egg profits are quickly
The hen with fine glossy feathers
is apt to be a poor egg producer,
while the worn and ragged looking
bird often is the best producer,
Good egg producers molt later than
poor hens, the good hens molting gen
erally from September to December,
while the poor hens molt from June
to August. County agents and ex
tension workers can provide farmers
with charts with culling instructions,
or can inform them when and where
county culling demonstrations are to
be held. Culling demonstrations in
the past year were attended by hun
dreds of Montana farmers, who are
becoming convinced that culling is
the only method of Insurance against
non-profit birds in the farm flock.
Grasshopper bait is poison and the
farmer who is careless enough to
leave poisoned bran or mash where
stock can get it need not blame the
bait if some of the stock are killed.
Every two pounds of prepared mash
contains enough arsenic to kill a
three-year-old steer. One pound at
times is enough to kill a horse.
Farmers are ■ cautioned against
leaving bait along the road or in the
i field where stock may later find it,
j or to leave arsenic barrels where the
I stock can lick them. Bait left over
I from the campaign and allowed to
; get lumpy is dangerous, since stock
! may get hold of lumps that are
1 spread the coming year or thrown out
j as waste. It Is a wlse'pollcy to deep
ly bury or burn left over grasshopper
j bait.
i December, when the demand is strong
I and market prices are highest.
Hens and growing poults should
I Ne watched carefully for lice, which
j cause much loss to turkey growers,
j Tuberculosis is frequently found In
j turkeys, the disease belqg detected
iby the tumor-like nodules on the liv
ers. Blackhead is the most serious
of turkey diseases and treatments
usually are not satisfactory. The
birds should be given open range,
their quarters kept clean and places
they frequent should have a sprinkl
ing of lime.
stemmed sample to be mixed or
blended with the finer sample to give
the sheaf not only fine quality but
large yield as well. The center of
the bundle should first be laid out
and the bundle then built up on ei
ther side of the central bunch so that
it will produce a finished bundle.
After the show bundle is made up
the butts should be cut off square
with a pair of heavy shears. Most
shows specifly that a bundle should
measure from three to five inches in
diameter at the butt. The sheaf
should be tied tightly about six inch
es from the butt with a cloth or cord
made by several strands of binder
twine. A one-inch ribbon tied over
the string would Improve the appear
ance of the sample.
The bulletin goes on to discuss al
falfa and clover exhibits, small grain
sheaf exhibits, threshed grain ex
hibits, ear corn, packing exhibits,
shipment and arrangement of exhi
bits. The bulletin is well illustrated
to show the various processes of
handling grains and grasses for show.
War, RgndorecH Great
Service to Coeetry
(Continued from Feature Page.)
them any time for nothing, but this
one has done something, so hang
him.' Why did not the white
man's law say that about Ben
When the trial ended, four of the
Modocs—Captain Jack, Black Jim,
Schonchin and Boston Charley—
were condemned to hang. Two
others—Boncho and Slolux, the
Modocs who had brought the guns
to the others, were sent to the peni
tentiary for life. Boncho died at
the prison on Alcatraz Island, May
28, 1875.
The hanging of Captain Jack and
his three braves took place at
Fort Klamath on October 3, 1873.
The balance of the tribe were sent
to Quapaw Agency in the Indian
Territory (now Oklahoma) where
in a few years nearly all the older
people died, as the climate did not
agree with them there. The rem
nants of the Modoc tribe is now
living on the Klamath reservation
in Oregon, a bil having been
passed some years ago that the de
scendents of Captain Jack's band
should be restored to the rolls of
the Klamath agency with the priv
ilege of removing there.
There Tobey Riddle lived, and
there she died in the later part of
February, 1920, For many, many
years she acted as a teacher and
missionary to her own race, and
was the means of pointing them to
the white man's road. In 1875
she made a trip to the East and
saw for the first time the power
and the prestige of the white
people. Tobey Riddle's son, Jeff
C. Riddle, now lives at Yainax,
Oregon, where he has raised a large
family and is highly respected.
It would seem that the State of
Oregon should recognize in Tobey
Riddle a heroine who should be
come as well known in American
history as Pocahontas or Sacajaw
ea, the little Indian guide of Lewis
and Clark. It was not until 17
years after the Modoc war that
Congress granted this noble Indian
woman the slight pittance of $25
per month, which she received dur
ing the balance of her life, al
though it would seem that this esti
mation of her services to her coun
try should have been recognized
and rewarded at the time her valor
ous deed was performed ; but no
"back pay" was ever granted her.
A monument to her memory is now
the most fitting memorial that the
State of Oregon could erect over
her grave.
A Harmless Substitute for Castor Oil, Paregoric, Drops
and Soothing Syrups — No Narcotics!
ilatlun of Food; giving natural »lee*
without op'atea.
The genuine bears signature of
■otherl Fletcher's Castoria bas
oeen ln tue for over SO years to re
lieve heble« «Qd children of Constipa
tion, Flatulency, Wild Colic and
Diarrhea; allaying Feverishness aris
ing therefrom, and, by regulating the
Stomach and Bowels, aide the asslm- 1
HE State College extension ser
vice in Montana is under new
executive management for the
coming year. J. C. Taylor has tak
en over the duties of Director F. 8.
Cooley, who resigned last spring, and
whose resignation took effect on the
first of July lust, Mr. Taylor has
been leader of county agents for the
extension service since 1921. The
state board of education named Pres
ident Atkinson of the State College
officially as director of extension
and named Mr. Taylor assistant di
rector in immediate charge of the ex
tension service activities.
Mr. Taylor was graduated from the
J. C. Taylor, For Many Years a Prom
inent Figure in Montana Farm Cir
cles, who Now Heads County Agent
Work In the State.
agricultural course at Montana State
College with the Class of 1912. In
1914 he went to eastern Montana as
county agent at large and in 1915-16
was county agent for Custer county.
He was brought to Bozeman in 1917
as assistant county agent leader un
der M. L. Wilson and became leader
of county agents in 1921 when Mr.
Wilson was transwerred to work in
economics. Mr. Taylor is a son of
Former Senator L. B. Taylor of Chin
ook, Blaine county, one of the promi
nent stockmen and farmers of north
ern Montana.
Red raspberries and strawberries
are going out from Hamilton vicinity
in first class order. O. N. Kalder,
manager of the pre-cooling plant and
marketing work of the Bitter Root
Farm Products company, states that
the demand is far greater than the
supply and the berries are command
ing $3.50 a crate. The second straw
berry crop is Just beginning to ripen,
however, and the crop outlook far'
exceeds that of the spring berries,
which were damaged somewhat by
The berries are of an excellent
quality and are grown in the terri
tory between Charlos Heights and
Havre Now Is Fort of Entry.
Havre has ben made a port of en
try on the north for immigration,
Alfred Hampton, district director of
the United States immigration ser
vice with headquarters in Spokane,
for district No. 26. including north
ern Montana, northern Idaho, east
ern Washington and northeastern
Oregon, recently being in Havre to
secure quarters.
There are 750 miles of border in
this district, under an appropriation
made at the recent session of congress
border patrols are to be established
and sub-districts are to be created,
of which Havre is one. In the Havre
office there will be 10 patrolmen and
two inspectors.
that make you so uncom
fortable in hot weather,
are better treated exter
nally—-Rub over chest
and throat and apply fre
quently up nostrils —
W VapoRub
Ovor 17 Million Jnrt U»od Yonrty
Rocky Boy Indians
Prepare for Eleventh
Annual Fair At Mays
The Indians of the Fort Belknap
reservation are now making pre
parations for their eleventh annual
fair, which will be held three days,
August 30 and 31 and September 1,
at the fair grounds at Hays, near
the Little Rocky mountains, 40
miles south of Harlem.
Several hundred dollars will be dis
tributed in prizes to the Indians
who display their agricultural and
stock products, and a large purse has
been hung up to attract good riders
for the wild west program and fast
horses for the races, which are one
of the big features of the fair each
Thomas Bad Roads is president of
the fair association this year; Peter
Stiff Arm is vice-president; J. F. Hea
ly is secretary and Anson McConnell
is treasurer. These officers are mak
ing arrangements for one of the big
gest fairs that has ever been held on
the reservation and promise a pro
gram of wild west stunts, Indian cow
boy sports and Indian dances that
will attract white people from all ov
er northern Montana.
Saturday, Aug, 30 has been desig
nated as Fort Belknap Day; Sunday,
Aug. 31, is Hays Day, and Monday.
Sept. 1, is Lodgepole Day. It is plan
ned to hold the biggest exhibition on
Sunday, which will attract a large
attendance from the neighboring
towns along the Great Northern and
in other parts of the state, who can
attend for only the one day.
A splendid tourist camp is being
provided on People's creek, a spark
ling trout stream which flows through
Hays, and it is planned to have the
main roads leading to Hays, put in
good condition before the opening of
the fair.
ivv V
Send For Our Free
Weekly Market Letter
Every week we send out, free, a
market letter that is chock full of
interest to every shipper of live
stock. Send us your name and
Remember, there's no charge.
And say—if you want to get top
price for your next shipment of
cattle, sheep or hogs, send it to
v iU
»v -r
f | V \
■ U,S
Livestock Commission
south st. rm
Send for Our Free Weekly Western Market Letter
Schoolboy I
Eat More Toast!
It Will
It Will
It Will
It Will
Get Information from Your Dealer Handling
Made by
Great Falls, Montana
Several thousand harvest hands
from out of state points will be re
quired to take care of the Montana
grain crop, according to recent bul
letin of the farm labor division of the
U. S. employment service.
This bulletin gives the Montana
acreage of spring and winter wheat at
3,500,000 acres, which is shown to
be the largest In the northwest with
the exception of North and South
The North Dakota acreage Is placed
at 7,436,000 and that of South Da
kota at 6,000.000 acres, including,
however, oats, barley and rye.
For the other northwestern states
the bulletin places the wheat acre
ages as 1,000,000 acres for Idaho.
1,000,000 acres for Oregon, and 2,
226,000 acres for Washington.
The farm labor situation, which
is under the direction of George B.
Tucker, will maintain offices for the
distribution ol harvest hands at Great
Palls, Billings. Miles City, Balnville,
and other such points as may seem
desirable. All offices In the Dakotas
will have full information at all
times as to the needs of Montana,
and frequent announcements will be
issued to the state, federal, and to
special and county agents.
Junior Corn Clubs Will Furnish Seed
In Rosebud county 34 members of
boys' corn clubs are growing vari
eties which have been found adapted
to conditions in the county. Under
the direction of County Agent R. B.
Mercer, these boys will be Instructed
In the proper methods of selecting
and caring for seed corn and they will
then be classed as approved seed
growers by the Montana State Seed
Growers' association. It is hoped in
this way, according to Mr. Mercer,
that the county's future seed corn de
mands may be met with the best pos
sible seed.

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