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VETERAN OF INDIAN WARS WAS
A MEMBER OF GENERAL TERRY'S FORCES Ob the Battle Ground Shortly After the Terrible Disaster. Bodies Were There Were Over 150 Bodies Was Buried Just Where Found; Henry C. Klcnck, Yellowstone eounty farmer residing four miles of Billings, is one of the few east surviving men who helped to bury bodies of the victims of the Mr. Klenck was the Custer massacre, also wounded In the campaign against the Apache Indians in Ari zona during one of the times when I be United States army >d in chasing Geronlmo and his Mr. Klenck, who was a vet of the Indian wars, recently attended the convention of the sur fixing veterans of all wars held in Helena, was made, while there, the subject of a feature story In the Great Falls Tribune. Said the Trl bane: "Klenck enlisted in the regular army from New York City In 1870, the year of the campaign against Silting Bull and the Sioux nation. He was first sent to Fort Snelling and from there to Fort Lincoln, where he was attached to the com mand of General Terry. His com mand had been ordered to the front and reached the Custer battlefield on the Little Big Horn a few days after the massacre and was temporarily detailed to the interment of the vic tims ot that light. First Buried Just As Found "According to Klenck s version Captain Benton and Colonel Weir, with their commands, were already and had been engaged was en gag« band. cran on the spot _ , . for several uays In burying the dead, but the men were pretty well tired out and the task was finished by the troops with which Klenck was con nected. . "Wo burled them Just where they found,' said Klenck. 'but they afterwards removed' to the posl The were were tion there graves now occupy, body of General Custer had already been burled before we reached the battlefield and to my knowledge Cus ter fell about two rods, southeast of where the monument now stands. " 'We burled between 160 and 175 of the bodies, the task, requiring about 10 days. Some of the soldiers had been scalped and all the bodies were terribly mutilated, the Indians had taken all the clothing while every weapon and all the val uables had been removed. Only a few of the bodies were recognizable. We burled them singly. In graves that were about three feet deep, each grave being marked by a headboard. " 'For caskets we were compelled to contrive boxes out of timber cut along the Little Big Horn, augmented with material brought up from the troops steamboat which Terry had brought up the Big Horn river. He had quite a lot of material on the From some KEEP YOUR SCALP Clean and Healthy WITH CUTICURA It Doesn't Pay 14 to be A Pioneer ! HO hasn't heard this remark at some time? And what a fallacy it Is! w Consider your own coun try. Who will deny that its present greatness is due to the native genius for blazing new trails? In modern store keeping, it Is pioneering that counts; the willingness to move ever FORWARD— to find, assimilate and adopt new ideas that con stantly improve our ser Ice to you We've found that it does pgy to be a pioneer. When In Butte, visitors are welcome to one of Montana's pioneer hard ware stores. A. C. M. HARDWARE HOUSE Main at Quartz, Butte, Mont ooo By Martha Edgerton Plassmann FTER the capture of Dull Knife's village of Northern Cheyennes in the Big Horn mountains, following the Custer Battle, the Indians who managed to escape, spent the winter with the Sioux on Powder river. In the spring of 1877, Dull Knife's band surrendered to the United States soldiers. They were then sent south to Indian Territory. Here these Indians, lx>rn and reared in the northern climate of Montana and North Dakota, were expected to accustom themselves to entirely different surroundings, and they soon fell victims to diseases they had never before experienced, such as malaria in its various forms. And this was not the worst. In their old homeland there was plenty of game. Where they en dured exile, there was none. The A bout, which had become grounded on the Sorrel Horse bottom, near where the town of Hardin now stands, and this had to be hauled a distance of 26 miles to the battlefield. We made the boxes on the battlefield, the work being done by four troops of the Sec ond cavalry. Guard for Northern Pacific " 'After all had been buried a gen eral burial service was conducted with military honors, a lieutenant of Troop C officiating as chaplain. I do not remember his name. " 'After about three months had passed we went back to Fort Lincoln where we remained under the com mand of Gen. John J. Gibbon, and later came back Into the Yellowstone valley as a detail to guard the sur veyors under Hayden and King, who were engaged In running lines for the Northern Pacific railway. Still later we acted as guard against the Indians for the Northern Pacific construction crews. During all of this time we were stationed either at Port Meade. Fort Lincoln dr Fort Ellis. " 'With the conclusion of the rail road construction, which culminated in the driving of the "golden spike" at the mouth of Gold creek In the Hellgato valley, Sept. 23, we were ordered to Fort Ellis where we re mained a fortnight and were then transferred to Arizona to report to Gen, Nelson A. Miles.' "During the year 1883 Klonck's detachment was attached to the com mand under General Miles and later participated In the campaign against Geronlmo, the noted Apache chief tain. and 'The Kid,' another warring chief. Klenck was then color ser geant and courier of Troop G. Sec ond battalion. Second cavalry, and it was during this campaign that he engaged in a desperate battle with an overwhelming party ot Apaches, and Comanches in which he received five wounds, the marks of which he still carries along with a bullet still em bedded In the calf of one of his legs. "With the guard ot eight men Ser geant Klenck was carrying dis patches from a telegraph station to General Miles' camp, a distance of 45 miles, when he was ambushed by a party of 26 Indians at a point about 22 miles from the camp. For tunately the Indians were not very well armed, having but seven guns, and depending mainly upon their war clubs and tomahawks. "In the fight two of the soldiers were killed and four wounded, and three of their best horses were slain. Klenck was wounded In five places and In a desperate hand to hand en counter With one brave he received a tomahawk cut upon hls left wrist, when he threw up his arm to ward off a blow aimed at his head. The scar ot this wound Is still plainly visible. Before the battle ended all ot the Indians had been slain. "With two ot hls party slain, sev eral wounded and short several hors es Klenck was in sore straits to ob tain aid and he resorted to the heli ograph, with which the Indian fight ers were then very familiar, to tele graph word of his predicament to the camp. Finally he succeeded in get ting a message through and a detail of 16 men and an ambulance under the command ot a lieutenant was sent to his aid. How With Lieutenant "Upon the arrival of the party the lieutenant, who had but recently come out from West Point, demand ed that Klenck deliver hls dispatches to him, to which request Klenck refused to accede on the grounds that his instructions were to deliver them to General Miles. Klenck's compan ions stood with him, whereupon the lieutenant ordered him under arrest, despite the fact that he was badly wounded. "The battered detail was escorted to the camp of General Miles, who after ascertaining the details ot the arrest of Klenck, ordered hls release and caused the arrest and disciplin ing of the lieutenant, who subse quently resigned from the service. "Later, after the surrender of Ger onlmo, Sept. 3, 1886, Klenck's com mald was sent back north and In 1891, following the lajt campaign against the Sioux, he was discharged at Fort Custer, on the Little Big Horn. "However, he remained at Fort Custer, as a civilian employe, acting as chief clerk under the quarter master until the abandonment of the fort, in 1897. Two years previously in 1895, he had filed on a home stead four miles east of Billings, and with the conclusion of hls service with the government he removed to this farm with hls wife, to whom he had been married while acting as quartermaster's clerk, and there he has since resided." Government was supposed to feed them, but failed to issue enough supplies. Like most Indians, the Cheyennes were meat eaters. The meat sent them, according to the testimony of an Indian agent, was nothing but skin and bones ; and he further testified that the rations is sued for a year would not feed the Indians for nine months. He said: 'They have lived, and that is about all. Be it remembered, the Cheyennes were fighters, holding it to be far better to die on the field of battle, than to linger on until age rendered them senile and decrepit. They now questioned: ' Ts it the part of wisdom to remain here and starve, or to return to our old home, the land of plenty 7 We can die but once. Better then to die fighting, than stay here and rot." They felt as did Little Chief, who expressed his feelings about the way his people were situated in In dian Territory, to a congressional committee. Said he: "A great many have been sick; some have died. I have been sick a great deal of the time since I have been down here—homesick and heartsick and sick in every way. I have been thinking of my native country and the good home I had up there where I was never hungry, but when I wanted anything to eat could go out and hunt buffalo. It makes me feel sick when I think about that, and I cannot help think ing about that." Driven to desperation, Little Wolf, the head of a part of the tribe, went to the agent and hav ing pointed out how they were dy ing from starvation and disease, and wished to return to their own country, begged of him if he was not authorized to permit them to leave, to let some of the Indians go io Washington to plead their cause, or that he should write and explain how it was with them. The agent replied. "If you will wait another year. I will sec what I can do for you," "No," said Little Wolf, "we can not stay another year ; we want to go now. Before another year has passed away we may all be dead and there will be none of us left to travel north.' A little later it was discovered that three young Indians had left the agency, and policemen were sent out to keep others from going. Little Wolf gave the policemen no satisfaction, but sent word to the agent that he was about to move his camp, and then he would go and see him. Little Wolf moved camp, as he had announced he would do, and then taking two men with him call ed on the agent. The latter stated that three of Little Wolf's men had disappeared, and he demanded 10 young men should be given to him. as hostages, to remain until the missing three were found. To find those runaways, Little 1 tara® % 1 W j i •iS Si I i I ' ; V. 09 % • L .4 t -•* jit? 0 s » t • Martin Kail, well known Butte golf er who at the recent state golf tournament at Great Falls, won the golf championship, defeating Reno Sale«, who had defeated "Ted" Baker, champion of the northwest. Mr. Kali learned the ancient game as a cuddy on the Butte links. Wolf pointed out, would be no easy matter, as there were manj good. hiding places. No, he would not | deliver the 10 men, for it would; mean their perpetual imprisonment. "Very well," the agent retorted, "If you do not give me those 10 men, I will give you no rations. I will give you nothing to cat until I get them. You shall starve until they are given to me. So you must give me those men, and I want them at once." Little Wolf again refused to give them up, but said he did not wish any blood spilled. Again the agent demanded the men, and again Little Wolf refused to turn them over to him. Seeing it was useless to pro long the conference, Little Wolf rose, and after shaking hands with all present said : "My friends. I am I do not now going to my camp, wish the ground around this agency to be made bloody, but now listen to what I say to you, I am going to leave here ; I am going north to my own country. I do not want to see blood spilt about this agency. If you are going to send soldiers after me, I wish you would first let me get a little distance away from this agency. Then if you want to fight, I will fight you and we can make the ground bloody at that place." He then returned to his camp 20 miles away. In the camp were about 300 per sons, of whom only 60 or 70 were warriors. The chief men were Lit tle Wolf, who was noted for his bravery, and Dull Knife, whose rep utation had been gained as a coun selor, although in the end. Little Wolf's judgment proved better. The next morning the Cheyennes started north. At the end of the second day they were appraised by their scouts that a large number of soldiers were near at heand. Little Wolf commanded his young men not to he the ones to fire the first shot. He said, "I will go out and meet the troops and try to talk with them. If they kill any of us, I will be the first man killed. Then you can fight." On coming in sight of the Indian camp the troops halted, and an Ar apaho scout was sent to tell the fugitives that if they would return to the agency, they would receive their rations and he treated well. To this offer Little Wolf replied ; "Tell them that we do not want to fight ; that we will not go back. We are leaving this country. I have had no quarrel with anyone, hold up my right hand that I do not wish to fight with the whites ; but we are going to our old home to stay there." i The scout went hack, and Little Wolf rode forward to talk with the soldiers, when they opened fire on him. This led to a general engage ment lasting from 4:00 P. M. to dark. The next morning fighting was resumed and lasted until after noon. The following morning the Indians again started north, and traveled for two days before other soldiers met them, but were driven hack, and the Indians continued their journey. Two days later the Cheyennes were again attacked. Little Wolf told his men not to fire on the ad vancing troops until he gave the word, as they had little ammuni tion When the soldiers were quite close, he ordered his men to fire,)"" and the soldiers were forced to re treat, leaving a box and a half of cartridges behind them, fortunately for the Cheyennes, who, as has been stated, were short of ammunition. That night after dark, Little Wolf ordered them to break camp, and move on. This they did. As they were nearing the Arkansas river the next morning, they sur prised some buffalo hunters, and secured a large amount of ammuni tion from them, and also guns. What was of equal importance, the Indians took from the white men 18 buffalo they had killed. Camp was made when they cross ed the Arkansas, and while the men hunted the buffalo, the women prepared the meat. They were then not far from Ft. Dodge. Here again they were attacked, and Lit tle Wolf observed the same tactics as before; building their fire until the soldiers were very near them. He said: "Now men, get ready, hut let every shot you fire count for a man." Obedience to this command caused the troops to re treat. Then Little Wolf said that if ] they—his people—did not all want to be killed, they must not do so much fighting, but travel faster. After they crossed the Platte riv er, against the advice of Little Wolf, Dull Knife and his followers separated from the others, and went NT ARROW HEAD IS FOUND EMBEDDED IN MOUNTAIN GOAT SKULL While with his father on a pack tr *P l"t*> the Hear tooth lake region recently, Bill Groenough of Deer Lodge, found a mountain goat skull with a «ri flint arrow hea<i lodged In the forehead. The trophy which was bleached and cracked with unnumbered years of expos ure to the sun and snow was taken to Red IsMlge and placed on dis play, creating no small amount of Interest and speculation. It I» the first time In all my 35 years or more of riding In this part of Montana," said Ben G reenough, the boy's father, "that I ever saw a goat skull bearing an arrow head, although on numerous occasions I have seen the remains of buffalo and other animals bearing that ex planation of their death. The goats are so wary that they were extremely difficult to hunt even with rifles; It must have been a clever Indian that drew that bow." From the smooth, apparently partially healed condition of the skull at the arrow's point of entry, it appears that the hardy animal was only wounded by the dart and made his escape. How long ago this Utile drama was e.-sited can only be conjectured; the once hard horns are bleached and their sharp tip Is weather blunt. (Mirons, west, while Little Wolfe's band kept on their northward course, without having any more battles. When in March they were near Powder river, Lieut. W. P Clarke was sent out from Ft Keogh to check their advance. Through the aid of Indian scouts, Lieut. Clarke found the camp of the Cheyennes, and moved into it. He issued ra tions to the Indians, and after three days, when he had won their con fidence, he asked them to surrender their arms, and go with him to Ft. Keogh. On their reaching the Fort, Gen eral Miles met them, and shaking hands with Litle Wolf, said to him : "You and 1 have been fighting for a long time now, today we meet and shake hands, and will always be friends. I want you to give me all your horses. Cheyennes did, and were then asked by Miles to enlist with him to fight the Sioux. At first Little Wolf refused this request, saying that they had come a long distance and were tired : but finally consented. He, and all his warriors enlisting. George Bird Grinnell says of this flight of a tribe: "We have heard much in past years of the Nez Perces march under Chief Joseph, but little is remembered of the Dull Knife outbreak, and the march to the north led by Little Wolf. This march was over an open country, where there was no opportunity to avoid pursuers or to hide from them so as to get a little rest or respite. The story of the journey has not been told, but in the tra This the IB ŒTOIÎ 1 PEANUT BUTTER Builds Muscle niiiminiiiiniiiniiiimiuimiiiHnminn 3 OUR SPECIALTY Beautiful Sets of Teeth We have made over 8,000 Sets of Teeth In Butte, more today than ever before because they are of superior workmanship, with natural appearance. 3 $15 to $35 Per Set No Charge for Extraction when Beet Sets are Ordered 3 FINEST (OLD CROWN AND BRID6E WORK Don't neglect your teeth. If you do yon handi cap yourself—socially, financially and physi cally. Ont-of-Town patients receive prompt attention. If you want the very best Dental work that can be produced see os. References by the thousand. All work, receives my personal attention. If yon have broken sets we can repair them good as new. Ton will save money and get the very finest dental work known to the profession. If our sets of teeth arc not perfect In every res pect we do not ask you to accept them. DR. F. A. IRONSIDE, EXPERT PAINLESS TOOTH EXTRACTOR LARQtST DENTAL OFFICE IN MONTANA ID N. Main St., Dutts were stationeiJ ° u the i ,iams 40 ;rÆ , 5'!Â"Çïï£ was such a journey since the Greeks marched to the sea. An army officer once told me that 13, 000 troops were hurrying over the j country to capture or kill these few people who had left the fever stricken south, and in the face of every obstacle were steadily march ing northward." Of the generalship of Little Wolf it is only necessary to say, that he had but four hard fights, and in these he was never worsted, and that he lost but a half dozen men. Is there a parallel to this military feat in history? I can re call none. All honor to the North ern Cheyennes. lenuUie IN Say "Bayer Aspirin n INS1ST1 Unless you see the Bayer Cross" on tablets you are not getting the genuine Bayer Aspirin proved safe by millions and prescribed by phy slclans for 24 years. I' Accept only a Bayer package which contains proven directions Handy "Bayer" boxe« of 12 tablets Also bottles of 24 and 100—Druggists Asptrla la ths trad* mark of Btytr Uni* lac tort of MocoaoatlcacUUat— *f BslicylUsald A Home School for young men and women, where students live in pleasant dormi tories on the rani pus and expense* are very low— BILLINGS POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE Practical Electricity and Radio Engineering Business Shorthand and Typewriting Regular Academic or High School Junior College AUTO Tractor Engineering Music Send kt on«*« for New Catalogue ntf« . telling all about FALL TERM OPENS SEPT. 22 Address LEWIS T. BATON Director Polytechnic, Mont* MO iNTERES^o exhibits being I FOR COMMUNITY TATE SHOWS NA COUNTY and District fair DATB ARRANGED arran AN1 Belknap ln& First Exhl serration C Sections ti is Scheduled to Stage Jon of Season on Re tonds; Others In Many Follow. A gri c ultn ci munit les ln ery section on ing for their a vest, festivals of fall wreathe crops in practlhiy every part of the state almost of the various cc are dependent u tendance In a l their patronage, ev ontana are prepar iual fairs and har jth the first touch V the air. Good sure the success ,ty events, which p the farmer at V' measure for pointed ont. Some unusually Uerestlng exhib its of farm produA ranging from small tent shows to\ U g e gatherings of samples from all \ctlons ot Mon tana at the state fai planned. The first fair date year announced is thi 0 f the Bel knap Indians who will\ 0 i 4 a three day exposition on theLeifenap j n . dlan reservation Augustao 31 and September 1 . Other Mitàna fairs and harvest festivals, thl w'hich have been announ follows: it Helena, are Montana this dates for d, are as Beaverhead County Ri r Roundup, Dillon, September Belltower Community Fa\ ter county), September 6 , Carter County Fair. KkalahV Sep tember 8 , 9, 10. \ Golden Valley County Falr.Vtye gate, September 12. Huntley Project Fair, September 13. and , 5 , 6 . (Car ■ Osbd^ne, Midland Empire Fair, Billlnrg, September 15 to 19. Eighth Annual Boys and Glr% Club Fair. Great Falls, September 19 Chotean County Community Fair, Fort Benton, September 19 and 20. Montana State Fair, Helena, Sep tember 23 to 27. Winifred Harvest Festival, Wini fred, September 27. Annual Project Fair, Willlanms, October 4. Lake Cdunty Fair, Poison, Octo ber 9, 10, 11. North Central Montana Corn and Livestock Show, Great Falls, Octo ber 28. 29, 30. North Montana Corn and Seed Show, Wolf Point, November 12, 13, 14. Hill County fair, Havre, Oct. », 10 and 11 . Residents of the southern section of the state are also considerably In terested in the Northwestern Wyo ming which Is being held at Powell, W'yo., this week. Montana farmers have received no tice that the Spokane, Wash., Inter state Fair and Llvèstock Show will be held at Spokane, September 1, to 6 . Dates for the International Hay and Grain Show, held annually in Chicago, have been set this November 29 to December 6 . Other fairs and festivals In differ ent sections of Montana are now in preparation, many of the dates still pending. year as YOUTH ATE TICK; GETS BLACK FEVER; AND IS WELL AGAIN Harold Prenovost, of Hillings, baa Just returned from the Nor thern Pacific hospital at Glentllre, recovered from an attack of spot ted fever that had it» Inception when he ate a black lick, cither in hls lunch or with gooseberries he was picking near Forsyth a month ago. Prenovost, a section employe, laid hls noon lunch tinder some bushes while he was working. He thinks one of the ticks gm Into a cold beef sandwich and that he ate It. Shortly after ho became ill. Tito symptoms puzzled physicians who examined him. So Prenovost was sent to the hospital with ills ali ment. diagnosed as possible ty phoid. By the time the sick man got there, ids symptoms had de veloped more fully and ho asked to open hls shirt. Hls body was covered by a mass of red spots. The tick which inoculated Pren ovost was of the black variety. The fatalities in black tick fever cases are about 54 per cent. In the Bitter Root tick cases the death rate Is 84 per cent. Legion Approves Defense Day A large number of American Legion members and ex-servlee men attended the regular feed and smok er meeting which was held recently at Havre, In the Elks' hall. The local boys decided to co-op erate with the committee In charge of the affairs for the holding of the National Defense day program, which Is September 12, and went on record as favoring the proper observance of the day. • The post also promised to'lend its services In making the day a success. was Membership In the local post Is growing steadily with each meeting and a large number of candidates became members of the Legion at this session. New Grade of Wheat Added In Slate "No. 1 hard spring" Is a grade of wheat which has been added to the subclass "dark northern spring," ac cording to a circular recently Issued by the Montana grain Inspection la boratory at Bozeman. This grade differs from No. 1 dark northern spring In these two points: No. 1 hard spring has a minimum of 86 per I cent ot dark hard and vitreous ker nels. while dark northern spring has a minimum of 75 per cent. No. 1 hard spring has a minimum test weight of 60 pounds while the test weight of No. 1 dark northern spring Is 68 pounds per bushel. The new grade became effective on August 15, 1924.