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The Carbon County chronicle. [volume] (Red Lodge, Mont.) 1924-1924, August 27, 1924, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036284/1924-08-27/ed-1/seq-3/

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Member of First Exploration Party
Recalls Experience« Encountered
On Perilous Expedition Into The
Wilds of Upper Y'eliowstone.
Surrender 55 years ago to the
urgings of a wandering foot and
a desire to locate the headwaters
of the Yellowstone river today dis
tinguishes C. W. Cook, of White
Sulphur Springs, ns a member of
the first party which explored the
interior of w hat 1« now Yellowstone
park. Too, It permits him to com
pare that great playground of the
present, preserved under federal
jurisdiction and Us wonders viewed
annually by scores of thousands of
tourists, with the mythical region
of which metropoUtan newspapers
would not, in 1 Still, publish an ac
count because they regarded the
descriptions as the inuiginings ot
some forlorn soul who had I teen
made lrres|K>nslble by the great sol
In 1868 Mr. Cook, then manager
of a ditch company at Diamond City,
met a miner who bad seen the falls
of the Y'eliowstone. Vague rumors
were in circulation of amazing sights
witnessed by the few white men who
had passed through the upper Yel
lowstone country. Few believed them.
Usually the reports were regarded
as an ancient tale, told perhaps to
test the credulity of the occasional
pilgrim who found his way across
the great plains or the Great Ameri
can desert. Mr. Cook whetted his
inclinations as an explorer on the
miner's account of the giant falls
and the rumors which persisted in
making the rounds of the west's
then few settlements. He told the
story of the first exploring expedi
in Great Falls recently as a dele
gate to the sessions of the Masonic
grand lodge,
"I guess that when I was a young
man I always wanted to go where
nobody else had been." said Mr. Cook
whose erect figure and brisk step
would do credit to a man of half his
80 odd years. "I wanted to go with
Stanley when he started to explore
the interior of Africa, but there were
too many applications ahead of mine.
There was not a remote region in
the world that I had not wanted to
see and when this opportunity came,
in my early twenties, to tramp
through a region from which so many
fantastic tales had come that I de
cided that for once I would gratify
the wanderlust that kept tugging
at my feet.
Start Following Year
"The season was too far advanced
to make the start after I talked with
my miner acquaintance in 1868, but
the next year, with D. E. Folsom, a
civil engineer, and William Peterson,
a miner ,1 started for the country
from which so many wierd accounts
had come. We had two objectives—
to discover the origin of the Yellow
stone river and to make a thorough
exploration of what is now Yellow
stone park. We spent five weeks in
the region that was a few years
later set aside as a national park and
I have never heard disputed our
belief that we were the first to make
a systematic and thorough explora
tion of the upper Yellowstone country
"It is conclusively established that
we were the first white men to see
many portions of the park and there
can be no doubt that we discovered
a large number of the natural won
ders ot the region. For the first
time I ^satisfied my desire to be
where nobody else had been. It was
fascinating to know that we had vis
ual evidence of the marvels about
which so many yarns had been spun.
Jim Bridger, famed frontiersman, had
told Folsom that he had been In this
country and ha d found a mountain
of glass through which he attempt
ed to shoot a deer without knowing
of the intervening obstruction. This
was one of the wild tales that had
been circulated, but there were
enough genuine wonders to see with
out missing any of the myths that
had figured in rumors.
"I did not see the park again un
til three years ago, when the 50th
anniversary ot the creation of the
park was celebrated. Because I had
been a member of the party which
explored the region in 1869, the man
agement saw to it that I revisited all
the country we had seen half a cen
tury before. Most of the locations
the Agricultural ]*nge)
A Thousand and One Records With
Machine, for $35. 00
Dance Music, Opera, Comic Numbers, News Items, Baseball
and Football score«.—-even Dramas. Some thing new each
night. Nothing to wear out but inexpensive batterie«. Of
course, it's a KADIOLA.
To Montana Electric Company.
60 East Broadway, Butte, Mont.
I am interested in Radio and would like to have you send your
free Radio Booklet.
Address --
My Radio Dealer is
Secretary Oro Fino Chapter D. A. R.
HE historic old landmark, Fort
Logan on Smith river in
Meagher county, was the scene
of unusual activity on Sunday, Au
gust 17th. The occasion was the de
dication and placing of a beautiful
marker on the Block House, now the
only remaining building of the fam
ous old military post. That this land
mark has been preserved to poster
ity is the result of the energetic ef
forts of a band of patriotic women—
the members of Oro Flno Chapter
Daughters of the American Revolu
tion, of Helena. These noble wo
men undertook the task and carried
It through to completion.
A handsome bronze tablet of na
tive Montana copper was placed in
its proper setting amid appropriate
and fitting ceremonies. The tablet
bears the following inscription:
• Part of Camp Baker established •
• November, 1869. Post moved *
• to present site 1870. Name *
• changed to Fort Logan 1878, In •
• honor of Captain William Lo- •
• gan, killed by the Nez Perces In- •
• dlans in the Battle of the Big •
• Hole, August 9, 1877. Garrl- *
• soned as a military post 1869- *
• 1879. Abandoned by Govern- *
• ment 1880.
Restored and Dedicated to
Posterity by
Helena, Montana
August 17, 1924
• (Insignia)
Old Fort Logan, or Camp Baker,
as It first was called, was established
had quite a lot of material on the
W ::
: Pg
Captain William Logan Who Was
Killed on August », 1877, by Tiie
Ne* Perce« Indians at The Battle
of The Big Hole.
in November, 1869, for the protec
tion of the miners at Diamond City
and neighboring camps. It was main
tained until 1880 at which time It
was the headquarters of two com
panies of United States Infantry.
The War Department records show
ithat the camp was established on
recommendation of Major General
Winfield Scott Hancock, who was in
command of the department of Da
kota at the time. General Hancock,
who was one of the heroes of the
Union forces at the Battle of Gettys
burg, later became the democratic
nominee for President of the United
States, againist the martyred Gar
field, who defeated him in 1880.
At the time of its abandonment,
the Camp Baker military reservation
on which the fort was located, was
purchased from the Government by
Judge William Gaddis, who died In
1908. His son, Charles G. Gaddis,
is the present owner.
Mr. and Mrs. Gaddis announced
that they would deed the ground
where the Block House stands to the
D. A. R.
The name of the fort was changed
in 1878 to Fort Logan, in honor of
Captain William Logan, who was
killed on August 9. 1877 by the Nez
Perces Indians at the Battle of the
Big Hole. This Intrepid Indian
fighter, hero of the Civil war. and
veteran of many Indian campaigns,
was shot in the excitement of the bat
tie by a revengeful squaw. When
his body was recovered it was found
that he had been stripped of uni
form, scalped and one of his little
- , .
v/. •

t !
i 2
%.. v .
it-- *
The Block House, the Only Remaining Building on the Site of Old
Fort Logen, in Meagher County, Showing the Tablet Which Was
Placed Upon It At the Formal Dedication of This landmark, on
Sunday, August 17.
fingers removed. On this finger
Captain Logan wore two rings, one
mounted with various Masonic em
blems, the other, a seal ring which
had been In the family for genera
tions. The seal was the family crest
of the House of Bruce of Scotland,
engraven and enameled on a violet
colored stone. It was the gift from
his father at the time the Captain
started on his Journey to America.
The seal ring was recovered three
years later. In 1900,''after nearly a
quarter of a century had elapsed the
Masonic ring came to light. The
family now have these rings In their
The annals of frontier history dis
close much of interest concerning the
career of Captain William Logan. His
remains now repose in the National
Cemetery on the Custer battle field,
having been removed to that sepul
chre in 1882. Incidentally, it may
be mentioned that Captain Logan,
then an officer with the command of
General Gibbon, was on the ground
where General Custer was killed the
day following that disaster.
It is believed that the first white
man to set foot on the present site
of Fort Logan was Captain John
Mullan, then a lieutenant in charge
of an engineering party under Gov
ernor Stevens, surveying a route for
a railroad from the Mississippi river
to the Pacific ocean. This survey
was made during the administra
tion of Franklin Pierce, fourteenth
president of the United States, and
under the diiect orders of Jefferson
Davis, then Secretary of War, later
president of the Confederacy. Mul
lan and his party camped at or near
the present site ot the fort on Sep
tember 20, 1853.
Of the pioneers living who were
active in the district In and about
Fort Logan, at the time the post
was established and during Us ex
istence may be mentioned, Charles
W. Cook of White Sulphur Springs,
Mr. Cook is one of the early pion
eers of the days when the original
f ■
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■ » 14 . • **

r ..
* ;
t TF
' % \
> ? .>•>.
* ■* v
;■ :
, , j *
i i
Charles W. Cook, Discoverer of Yellowstone National Park, and
Hanford Moore Who Hawed the logs for the Fort Logan Block
House, on Which the .Memorial Tablet Was Placed.
Camp Baker was established. The
wonders of Yellowstone park were
first brought to the knowledge of
the people of Montana by Mr. Cook
and David E. Folsom. The Folsom
Cook exploration of the upper Yel
lowstone river was made in 1869.
Others living who witnessed the ev
jents of those early Montana days are
I John T. Moore, Long Bench, Califor
nia, and Sanford Moore of Bozeman.
The blocks used In the buildings
, at the fort were cut at the Moore
I Brothers' saw mill, which stood a
[ few miles north of the fort on Smith
I river. The other brother Interest
j od In the mill was the late Perry J.
Moore of Two Dot.
j R. N. Sutherlln of (Ireat Falla,
who founded the first newspaper
1 at Diamond City in 1875, and who
still follows that profession, and
Frank Day of Lewlstown, who was
blacksmith at the fort In 1 880 , both
are still living.
An Immense crowd was present
to witness the Impressive ceremonies.
It seemed that the citizenry ot
Meagher county was there en masse.
Automobile parties were present
from distant parts of the state, and
a large delegation of pioneers and
D. A. R. members and others from
Helena were on the ground to pay
their respect and honor to the mem
ory of Captain Logan, and to help In
the ceremonies that would preserve to
posterity In Montana, this memorable
The program was interesting and
the principal speaker of the day was
Hon. Sidney M. Logan, Kalispell at
torney, and son of Captain Logan.
Governor Joseph M, Dixon, Former
Governor S. V. Stewart of Helena,
and Congressman Scott Leavitt of
Great Falls, and Mrs, Verne D. Cald
well of Billings, state regent ot the D.
A. H.
talks reminiscent of the stirring days
of the frontier by C. W. Cook, San
ford Moore
The program follows:
Bugle Call, 1:15—Charles Henry
Assembly, 1:30.
Salute the Flag.
"America"—Mrs. Foley Waters,
Invocation—Rev. Barber.
Welcome—Judge W. L. Ford.
Adflress—Sidney M. Logan,
Governor J. M. Dixon
Ex-Gov., S. V. Stewart
Hon. Scott Leavitt
Mrs. Verne D. Caldwell
Sanford Moore
Charles W. Cook.
Dedication—Mrs. F. H. Johnson.
Unveiling—Blanche Ford and
Isabell Johnston.
Meagher County's Acceptance as
Custodian of Tablet—Judge W. L.
There were also short
Mr. Logan in his address, said in
"When our affairs with Spain
growing out of misrule in Cuba and
the destruction of the battleship
Maine were approaching a crisis, a
Spanish statesman made the remark
that the world need not expect much
from the army and navy of America
because wo were a country without
military traditions. Most of the
European countries cherished a more
or less secret contempt for our In
significant little standing army and
the fighting qualities of the people
of the country.
"As late as 1917 the military auto
crat of Europe p: ofossed a belief
rlt of the
ed the lives
and characer of the people that its
dignity might be flouted and its ship
ping destroyed without danger of
that the the pacifist snl
United States so doming
arousing a spirit of retaliation or re
"In the latter days of the month of
May a few years ago it was my lot
to address the largest assemblage of
people who had ever gathered to
gether In my home town, 1 recall
that on that occasion I said: 'On
Monday morning the President will
deliver his message to Congress, a
resolution declaring war will be
adopted, and Kaiser BUI and his mili
tary supporters will become the vic
tims of the damndest April fool Joke
ever perpetrated upon a people.'
"On the following Monday the
President did deliver his message
and Senator Myers read into the Con
gressional Record a telegram from a
little backwoods Montana town say
ing to the assembled senators that
he believed that message exprosed
the will of the people of Montana,
just as it expressed his own views,
on this momentous question. War
was declared and the prediction was
verified. Today the world realizes
that, peace loving though we may be,
the people of this nation place nation
al honor and safely above every oth
er consideration. • • •
"The world knows that the army
and navy of America are not without
their traditions, and It will never bo
said again by any ruler, however
powerful, that the honor of the Unit
ed States Is a thing to trifle with.
"Not alone In the wars which have
shaken the country from center to
circumference, has our army built
up a line of honorable tradition, hut
in the service which It has rendered
the west it has added glory to those
traditions and lustre to our Flag, it
would bo unfair to the memory of
the men who governed this Fort were
we to recount only their exploits
within measurable distance of this
old blockhouse. The story thus con
fined would probably be a meager
and unsatisfactory one; and we
! .
Î c
. / /« *,
Mr*. C. A. Hasmusson, of Helena,
Secretary of Oro Flno ( Impter
Daughters of the A inerti a n Re
would find little to Justify the D. A.
R. and the citizens of Montana In as
sembling here today to dedicate this
tablet, to extol the virtues, or glori
fy the achlevments of the officers
and enlisted men who were stationed
here. In order that we may visual
ize the Importance of this Fort, and
the character of its garrison, wo
must go far afield. We must take
Into consideration the history of al
most every mil 1 'ary establishment In
the west; we must pass over seas into
the heart of Europe and the Orient;
we must buffet the wintry blasts of
Alaska and suffer under the torrid
Sun of Arizona and New Mexico.
This, to the end that we may really
understand what this Fort means to
us, our children and our children's
"It will be noticed when we come
to consider records of the War De
partment, that three regiments wore
stationed here at Intervals. The Se
venth Infantry, known to the army
as the 'Fighting Seventh'; a regiment
with a glorious civil war record, and
an unequalled record of Indian en
gagements, battles, campaigns and
expeditions. The Eighteenth Infan
try, the regiment of Colonel Carring
ton. of Captain Fetterman, of Lieut.
Grummond and Lieut. Powell. The
Third infantry, the regiment of Col.
Brooke, a hero of the civil war. From
the prairies of Texas to the ocean
washed boundaries of Oregon and
Washington, these regiments met, en
gaged and fought to a standstill the
enemies of the western pioneers and
settlers. The history of no country
on the face of the earth records such
deeds of heroism os those which the
War Department records show In con
nection with these regiments if in
fantry, and the other forces of the
United States army that were asso
ciated with them. • *, •
"From this Fort in 1876 marched
a portion of the Seventh Infantry.
That regiment participated in the
Yellowstone campaign, and had Cus
ter been less impetuous and given
the unmounted troops an opportun
ity to co-operate with his mounted
troops, a different story would have
been told as to the event of this cam
paign. The fact that the Seventh
Cavalry alone and not the combined
forces of General Terry fought the
battle In the Yellowstone valley was
due to the fact that Custer's regi
ment was mounted and the other un
mounted. But the gallant men of the
Seventh Infantry were pushing for
ward with all the expedition human
ly possible to co-operate with Custer's
"The story of this fort must be as
sociated with the story of Shaw and
Kills. Benton, Missoula, F ('.Smith,
Hem) and Phil Kearnev, when •
men of the Eighteenth Infantrv un
der Lieut. Powell fought the horde»
!of Red Cloud in that historié .out.
I must be aasueiated with lids and
other Montana forts ns well, .is many
of the men whom we are hoimrlng
I here today were members of lhali
I gallant Eighteenth Infantry that ln
ithe Wagon Box fight .vrote .1 page
of history of which every American
may feel the greatest degree of pride.
On that occasion, 32 soldiers and
civilians engaged, and for hours un-'j
der a hot summer s sun fought
thousand* of Hod Cloud's warriors.
*'* ien the day was done, 1200 In
*^ ****** had lallen victims to the.
courage and: unswerving aim of these
[ r °ntler soldiers and civilians, while
less than five whites were killed and,
wounded. When we speak of tradl-{
Sidney M. Logan, KalKprll Attorney,
non of Captain Will lam Logan in
HIiono Honor Fort i/ogan Wan
N'iiiikmI, Who Italivoml the IhMtflm
tory Addren* at the Old lllock
House, Sunday, August IT.
lions, what country can match this
story? Within a few days of the
Wagon Box fight, other troops of
this same regiment fought against
odds of 10 to 1 in the hayfleld light
within a few miles of Fort P, S.
Smith, and emerged as successful and
victorious as the victors of the Wag
on Box fight, it was from the Fort
at which wo are now assembled,
Forts Ellis, Missoula and Shaw that
Col. Gibbons command was mobilized
In 1877 when he marched to the
Big Hole River in Beaverhead county
and engaged the forces of Chief Jo
seph, Looking Glass and White Bird
In the final struggle between civiliza
tion and barbarism within the con
fines of the Territory of Montana.
"It was from here that Lieut. Lud
er, a loveable young Lieutenant fresh
from West Point, with less than 10
enlisted men pursued three times
their number of hostile Sioux to the
Musselshell River, and In a pitched
battle destroyed the hostiles to the
lust man. It was here that Major
Richard Comba, a veteran of the
civil war, and Lieutenant John T. Van
Orsdale, a young West Pointer,
marched with their troops to the Big
Hole River, and there won special
mention and promotion for conspic
uous gallantry In the fight with Jo
seph and his followers. From hence
the men who garrisoned this Fort
went forward to larger achievements
and wider fields of experience In mil
itary life. When the flag of Spain
was lowered In Cuba, this same Cora
ba and VanOrsdale were there loading
their troops. Later they and many
of the men, officers and privates
who garrisoned this Fort served their
country In the far off Phllllpplnos.
When the Cape Nome troubles chron
icled by Rex Beach occurred It was
Capt. VanOrsdale In command of a
handful of troops stationed in Alaska
who took possession of the proceeds
ot the placers In dispute, placed them
In the bank and guarded them until
the courts of the United Stales as
sumed jurisdiction of the controversy.
These regiments after having been
transferred from this State, saw
service in Arizona, New Mexico,
and other parts of the country un
der the most adverse climatic con
ditions so that every duly which a
soldier is called upon to perform
was faithfully performed by the
men who garrisoned this Fort and
made it worth while for the people
of Montana to dedicate it as we are
here now doing. Battles with hostile
Indians did not constitute by any
means the hardest part of their
service. They lived in a day when
many of the comforts of the pres
ent day were unknown. The cloth
ing now furnished the army, as well
as those enjoyed by the civilian, Is
a vast Improvement on that to
which the pioneers of Montana had
recourse. Hard winter campaigns
with inferior equipment was the lot
of the western soldier. Called upon
in the dead of winter to leave the
comforts, such as they were, of gar
rison life, and traveling sometimes
for hundreds of miles In pursuit of
hostile Indians when the thermom
eter registered from 40 to 60 de
grees below zero—when roads and
trails were blocked with drifting
snow—when the blizzard searched
out every opening in tent or other
shelter; when frozen hands and feet
snow blindness and Intolerable suf
fering were the order of the day,
these men and their leaders never
stopped to question the wisdom of
an order received from the War De
partment, or their superior officers.
They knew but one word and that
was DUTY, Their lives were dedi
cated to the service of their country
and no honor is too high to be con
ferred upon them and no memorial
too dignified or magnificent to record
their achievements.
"The soldiers and the settlers who
established this commonwealth be
long to no ordinary generation of
men and women. They were of heroic
mold. Many of them were survivors
of the civil war. That great strug
gle which tempered the character of
boys and men to the point where It
(Contlaned on Agrlculturcl I'asrei
riinnrmtr rtr'T'O mn
A V/iilU IHÜ
AllllT |\ltltl IMTIAIYTA
1 "'" 1 ' Ulli IX UUlvlMU
f|>A|in AP If AMT 1 A IT I
V/VIV V/1 »«VilliUlii
un-'j jMvni Train at First stain,n Alter
Questions Almut stale,
The (initial Tour With Committee
And Asks The Funner« His Own
Caret Garrett, economist und
author of "That Pain in the North*
west," which stirred beetle diseus
shm In Montana because of Us cMt
hisiu of agricultural ami banking
conditions, after revisiting the
i state at the Invitai Ion of various
j chambers of commerce and after
j being "banquettnl" and "toured"
in Havre, Great Falls and la-vvts
town, was pul safel.v on an east
bound limited at Robson—but he
stepped off at the next station and
started through Montana, "via the
hack door."
Joker Up Sleeve
Mr. Garrett carried a Joker up his
sleeve while being shown tin« beauti
ful fields of grain in the country
around these three cities. He ab
sorbed Information for several hours
I each day and took additional doses
during meal hours, while listening
to various club speakers, then he
started out to obtain first-hand In
After leaving Great Falls two
weeks ago, Mr. Garrett was enter
tained In Lewlstown. being taken
from the train at Benchlnnd and
personally conducted Into the city.
During his address at a banquet pro
vided in his honor he poked fun at
his hosts, asking why he was shown
so many wheat fields, declaring that
his article, which appeared in The
Saturday Evening Post, had clearly
stated that Montana was a great
grain producing state. He Intimat
ed clearly that he hud seen so many
milk cans and been given so many
statistics about milking cows that he
dreamed of dairying,
Lewlstown boosters held him to a
rigid program of fours and meetings
and then took him to Hobson to
catch the train for the east and
there waved a long adieu.
Residents of the district east of
Hobson met Mr. Garrett, personally
the next morning. According to
their stories, he stepped off the train
at flie first stop out of Hobson,
hired an automobile and started on
a private tour of the farming dis
tricts, making u house to house can
Asks Many Question«
Prominent among question which
Urn economist propounded to the
farmers were;
"How much land do you own?"
"What 1« the indebtedness per
"How much of your debts were
you able to pay during the last three
"Do you expect to stay in Montana
and continue farming?"
"W'hat changes have you made in
your system of farming during the
last few years?"
"What do you believe the future
holds for you?"
"Are your creditors helping you
tide over the tight period?"
Mr. Garrett spent three days gath
ering such first-hand data in vicini
ty of Hobson and Buffalo, declining
all the while to let farmers visited
provide more entertainment than a
place at the table If he chanced to
call during meal time, and then he
left for Yellowstone park for an In
terview with Horace Albright, super
From the park Mr. Garrett will go
to Idaho, to continue his studies of
economic conditions, he said.
• \
Eerekß Start Rumor
Of That Part of State
Here's a fish story that puts all
others to date Into the discard: A.
M. Mlaklson, who operates a mill
on Glen lake and not far from Lick
lake. In .the Eureka district, re
cently brought In the story that
there Is an alligator, or possibly
two, in Lick lake.
One of the little Triplet boys, aged
about 12 entered the mill a short
time ago and excitedly told of an en
counter he hud had with a strange,
large fish In the lake, and gave a
graphic description of an alligator
between two and throe feet In size.
It also is reported that others In the
neighborhood have seen strange
unlraals (n the waters there.
Some of the men at the mill re
membered that several years ago
when Lee Setser closed down his sa
loon business he released two small
alligators he had, In Lick lake. Put
ting two and two together, they
have decided that what the boy really
saw instead of a big fish, was one of
Setser'a alligators.
Many persons have a dim recollec
tion of hearing that Setser did turn
the alligators loose into Lick lake,
Tobacco valley has had man^ cre
ditable boosts for her climate; hut
If it can be established that alliga
tors have thrived here for several
years, it will beat anything jret ad
vanced and wo may expect that the
idle rich from the east will flock
to the Mills resort on Glen lake this
winter Instead of traveling south to
Florida and other regions of touted
sunshine and balmy weather.
BIHIngs Gets Custer Hiway Meet
Billings has been chosen for the
next convention ot the Custer Battle
field Hiway association, according
to Information recently received.
Billings was the unanimous choice of
the 100 delegates at the 1924 con
vention, which was held recently at
Rapid City, So. Dak. The dates of
the 1925 convention have not been

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