THExaRBON county chronicle
RED LODGE. CARBON' COUNTY', MONTANA.,
$2.60 PER YEAR
DAY. OCTOBER 9, 1921.
VOL. 1, NO. 29.
O' NT. TAX DODGERS
GOV. DIXON I
Meeting Addressed by W. E. Gilbert
of East St. Louis, and George Scar
borough, of Philadelphia. Under
Auspices of Local 1771 U. M. W.
A fairly well attended meeting was
«»eld last Friday night at the Labor
Temple to listen to W. E. Gilbert of
East St. Louis and George Scarbor
ough of Philadelphia set forth the
claims of La Follette and Wheeler
for the consideration of the voters of
Red Lodge. The meeting was under
, the auspices of the local union of mine
workers. The speakers spent most of
the evening in panning Coolidge and
Dawes, passing over the Democratic
nominees with few comments. Their
promises of performance for their can
didates were rather vague and the
principles for which their candidates
stand was not explained by the speak
ers. A fair size collection and bond
sale ended the meeting.
From the Boston Post, Lading Demo
cratic Newspaper of New England
It is time someone told the truth
about Senator Burton K. Wheeler, La
Follettc's running mate.
Senator Wheeler is the same Wheel
er whom President Wilson refused to
reappoint as United States District
Attorney for Montana during the war,
, on the ground that his continuance in
office "would be prejudicial to the
best interests of the country."
He is the same Wheeler, who, as
soon as he was elected to the Senate,
accepted from an organization seek
ing the recognition of Russia a suffi
cient sum of money to allow him to
travel in state to Russia and "inves
tigate" the situation.
He is the same Wheeler who, with
in one week after his election to the
Senate, accepted employment at $10,
000 a year from the Campbell Oil com
pany to act as attorney for them in
_r Montana. The sole assets of this
company were oil lands it hoped to se
cure from the United States govern
ment. Does anyone believe that Sen
ator Wheeler was hired for any othe
reason than that he had been elected
to the Senate for six years?
Would Calvin Coolidge, Senator
l Walsh or Senator Lodge have accept
ai ed such employment?
Senator Wheeler was barred by the
statutes of the United States from
"appearing" before the Interior De
partaient on behalf of claimants for
oil lands. He did, however, see the
commissioner and arrange for an "in
terview" for his Montana client, Mr.
Campbell, that he might present in
person his claims for oö lands.
The Borah committee said this was
perfectly legal and tijat other senators
had done the same. But that does not
make it any the less malodorous.
It would be prfectly legal, for in
! stand, for Senator Walsh to accept
I a retainer of $10,000 a year from the
American Woolen company for acting
as its Massachusetts attorney.
would be perfctly legal for him to in
I troduce the head of the company to
I the chairman of the ways and means
I committee who had the framing of the
I wool clauses in the tariff bill under
consideration. But e<»n any Massa
chusetts citizen conceive a high-mind
ed man like Snator Walsh consenting
to be nlaced in such a situation ? He
would reject such employment with
v , o f
Ye Sena o • „ . '
p es a u le ma er. e e
jo and the money.
He certainly is no person to^taUc
about "a high sense of honor." If
what he did w r ere honest and honor
able things according to the Montana
standard, they are not so considered
in New England
The truth is that Senator Whoe'er
like several others who have sprung in
to sudden fame as "friends of the peo
pie," is a bit slippery. Such men
sometimes fly high, but none of that
- brand hah ever been chosen to the
Presidency or Vice Presidency, nor is
/ likely to be in the near future.
il I Cities to Pacific
Unbroken Line of Northern Pacific
Now Spans Half the Continent)
Completing the automatic block signal system of the Northern Pacific Minn., September 15, 1914 Schools *> ■ oU
missed and business suspended for the ceremonies in which business men seated The entire mil« Una of the Northern
Pacific from the Twin Cities to the Pacific Coast now Is protected by automaNMNH|lte)|l|pK Toe Northern Pacific Is the drei transcontinental Une
west of Chicago to Be so equipped. General Solicitor D. F. Lyons, principal «p éa faw tit the e «remontes, declared that In railroad annuls the
event was outranked only by the driving of the last spike when Northern PacfA# rail* linking Mat and west were joined at Gold Creek, Montana, Sep'
te.niber 8. 1883. C. A. Chrlatofferson. Chief Signal Engineer, bolted on the last signal blade *1*» next to the last signal blad« was attached by P C
Peters, general signal inspector, representing the construction branch of the mftiel forces, and John B. Davies, oldest signal ©iterator in Northern
•Pacific service. Inset shows Mr. Lvo"«
FOR RED LODGE
Will Speak Here on October 16; Dem
ocrats Plan Campaign.
candidate for governor, will speak in
this city, October 13, according to the
announcement of f. F. Pollard, chair
man of the county central commit! oe,
fhe democrats plan to officially be
gin the county campaign October 14
with a series of meetings. Beginning
that day they will hold rallies succès
sively throughout all of the several,
and rural communities ot the
Judge J. E. Erickson,
county, working from west to east.
On this visit Judge Erickson will
speak in several other Carbon county
Many Teachers Raise
21 Carbon County teachers took ex
aminât»«* here Thursday and Satur
day to raise the clasification of the'r
Miss Edith Kane, teaching at Bear
creek, and Miss Lucille Fisher, teach
ing at the Clear Creek school took
xaminalion for first-class certificates.
Those trying for second-class cer
tificates were Miss Eva McMinn,
teaching at Sunnyside; Miss Helen
Hitchcock teaching at Cherry Springs;
Miss Mary Mier; erak, teaching at
Pox; Miss Cora M Howe11 of Belfr y-!
Miss Fdith Simons of Washoe, Mias
Cora Vilevcrnicht of Warren. Miss
Marie Morgan, teaching at Shan*
Rj ^ e; F]ora Crist teaching at Lone
Tree Genovim-e Schafer, teaching at
R oc t y Eunice Berkelund, teach
; n? a t Cew Creek: Miss Dorothy M.
King, teaching at New Prospect; Miss
Helen Young, teaching at Tucker;!
Cecilie M. Stover, teacning at Sand
Creek. C. A. Squires, teaching at
Dryhead; Miss Margretta Carlson of
Luther, teaching at Plumber; Prance
Christopherson of Luther, teaching
at V-.lney Creek.
Misses Hazel Dillon and Miss Molin
t'a Jer,ven of Joliet renmved their first-!
clast tertificates. Miss Dillon is
teacnii g at Carbonado,
F. B. L1NDERMAN
TO SPEAK HERE
According to John G. Skinner chair
of the Republican Central Com
mittee of Carbon county, Frank B.
Linderman, republican candidate for
t j, e United States Senate will be in
Red Lodge, Tuesday. October 14 *nd
w j jj discuss national issues. Mr. Lin
derman j g a forcible and convincing
gpgake,. an( j fi : s audience will be well
inforn , cd on the i ssues i n the cam
, pai)?n and the principles for which he
Judge Edmond II. Nichols)ciated
w jjj a j g0 make an address. The place
() £ mee ti n g has not been decided
upon and will be announced later.
High School Inter
meet juniors and freshmen will play
sophomores in a basliet-ball double
header. Practice began last Tuesday
for the inter-class series with C. R.
Schmidt as Coach.
It is the intention of those inter
ested in promoting the inter-class
basketball to stimulate an interest in
he spore The finals will he held
on October 28, and the championship
series w II be held at a later date.
Tuesday, October 21, Seniors will
q ^V. Churchill and teachers of ihe!
different schools of the city are assist
npM. B. Pay, chairman of the Legion
>oc : al committee in arm nndrig a Hn"o
ween party for the children of the
city, to he Tield at the Workers' hall.
School children, Boy Scouts, Camp
Glrls and youtl? people . ? socie tie8
^ approached and invited to par
ticipate. Prizes will be given.
Clty teaehera are to be given the r
1 <>rty , ay ' 0c i ^°b er 23 > t!lnt f bey
m v , n | tem * c Montana F ducat on
B8B0c a ^'J* n ani1 ,he te **ber's institu
U> ak B '^'ngs on Ortober 23 to 25.
It's sad to see a cake-eater spend
ing his money for face cream when
he doesn't know where hi* next cig
«ret Is coming from.
Mr. and Mrs, Frank Paynich own
^ rs of the Economy Grocery, last week
«old their business to three local men
w h<> took charge last Saturday,
The new proprietors are Messrs,
John Hakala, Matt LehtoUa, Abraham
Heltoneen. all long residents of Rod
Lodge. Mr. Hakala says he has been
here for o0 years wim the exce;
; of one year which he .•■pent on a visit
back to Finland. He has been asao-;
with several different businessicording
establishments in Red Lodge,
! most recent connection being wuh tue
Rosetta Store. He was with the
Binom Store for 16 years and worked
quite a while for the Kaleva store,
and will no doubt enjoy a large pst
ronage from friends and former cus
0-f Wyoming Dies
Mr. Lehtolla has for years owned
and operated a steam laundry la Red
Lodge, the plant being destroyed by
GoVCmOP W. B. ROSS
fire in the summer.
Miss Mildred Novack, a sister of
Mrs. Paynich, who has been connect
•■d with the Economy Grocery as clerk
will remain with the new proprietors
n that capacity.
Cheyenne, Wyo.—William Bradford
R° r s. 51, twelfth governor of Wyom
a nd one of the three Democrats
t0 bave been elected to that office,
^ eJ at 3: * 5 o'clock this morning at
Memorial hospital. Death was caused
b Y septic phlebitis following an ah
Nominal operation perf rmed Septem
îjer 2i - 5 ( 'Cî*etary of Slate Frank E. 1
Lucas, Republican, automatically be-1
came acting governor when Governor |
I?o»s died. He will sent« as acting!
governpr „„yj the qualification* of a '
8UC c C ssor to the governorship who will
| e e j ec ^ ed November 4 and who will
nmî'fy after the state canvassing
home owners than any other nation .
We are bordering on prosperity, any
board reports late in November.
Canada has a larger percentage of
ROGER BURKE IN
ciate editor and manager of me Shuri
,i an County Farmer at Plentywood,
>,and with a family residing in Sidney
was killed in an automobile accident
ivear Plenty wood Monday night, ac
to meager telephone reports
the-received hero by his family,
Well-Known Editor Killed Near Plcn
tywood. Formerly Associated With
Sidney, Oct. 8.—Roger Burke, asso
] It is further reported that there
I were three men in the car and that
one passenger escaped without injury,
; oue was badly hurt by having several
riba broken, and that Burke was
caught under the car and killed in
Mr. Burke, badly crippled by a rail
way accident several years ago, had for
the last several years been connected
■with weekly newspapers over southern
and eastem Montana points. His abi
lity as an editorial writer was recog
nized throughout the state.
Prior to the Plentywood venture,
Mr, Burke was connected with the
j Carbon County Chroncle at Red Lodge
severing his connection with that pa
P er tbc Jb th of June. For two yem
he was the manager and editor of the
Suiney H * rald -
be maintained h s family at this place
** survived by the widow and two
Young children, one boy of 10 and a
daughter of seven.
- > -
jM. E. LadieS BaitqilCt
The Eastern Star Laibes honored
Mrs. Grippen of Malta, Montana,
Grand Worthy Matron with a ban
quet Wednesday evening. The ban
q Ue t started at 6:30 and was served by
About RO persons including visitor*
were entertained. Quite a number
f rom ßearcreek were present.
Always claiming Sidney as his home
Eastern Star Ladies
the Ladies of the Methodist church,
after which lodge business was taken
LARGE AUDIENCE GREETS
GOVERNOR AT RED LODGE
Citizens Learn of the fight of the Administration
for the Equalization of Taxes and the Methods
Used to combat Them.
V ■ ^
For nearly three hours Governor
COV. JOSEPH n. DIKON
Dixon addressed an
ence, estimated at nearly 700 people,
at the Boartoolh theatre last Thura
day night, For the first time during
the campaign the people of Red Lodge
learned the governor's side of story
of slate finances and the struggle of
the executive against the big copper
and power interests of the state to
equalize the tax burden. The dis
closures of the governor were a rove
latlon to the large majority of the
audience who have received their in
formation on state tax matters prin
cipally through the anti-administra
tion papers circulated by the copper
and power interests. The governor's
lUuiOt.s was convincing and many left;
the theatre with their views entirely
After a patrotic selection by the
Red Lodge bund the governor was
troduced by John G. Skinner, chair-|
man of the County Republican Con-,
nouaced that ho would have the dis
cussion of national issues to other
speakers who would appear in Rad
..edge during the campaign, ami he
thought that the audience would be
more interested in learning from him
something about their own stato^nd
the struggle to have taxation on an
equitable basis. He further stated
that the main reason for the attempt
of the copper interests to control the
state government this election was the
desire to control the appointment
two members of the state tax commis
»ion, who will hold office for six years.
Upon the appointment of these two
commissioners largely depends the
success or failure of the plan for tax
equalization in Montana.
The government explained that on
!y 46c of the states rvenue is deriv
ed from direct taxation. The balance
of B6c of the state tax dollar is col
lected from other sources, such as a
license tax on insurance premiums,
corporation profits, a tax on coal pro
iuction, fee* of the secretary of state
ind from other similar sources.
The direct property tax for atate
purposes is limited by the constitution
to 2 mills and can not be increased by
additional levy as can the levies of
rounties, school districts, etc., when
this will not prove sufficient to meet
the demands of the state,
shrinkage in property values, the tax
is resulting from the 2 mill levy have !
ihnink to the extent of $620,000 an- !
nually in the past four or five years.l"
In addition to this the «täte lost «p- I
proxlmately $350,000 a year from li- I
As the expenses of the state govern
ment are practically fixed charges
ither sources of revenue were neces
Until 1918 the state income and ex
■»enditures were about equal. With
the loss of the revenue from liquor
licenses and the decrease in property
valuation in the state, in 1919 the slate
began to go behind. At the time of
the beginning of the Dixon adminis
tration in 1920 the stale faced a de
ficit of over two million dollars in
registered warrants and unpaid bills.
The legislature passed a bill authoriz
ing the borrowing of three million dol
lars on short time notes to lake care
of state expenses, mortgaging the tax
es of 1921 and 1922 to secure the
notes. The attorney general ruled
that the 1 Vi mill levy for the univer
sity was exempt from mortgage and
that only $950,000 could be borrowed
on the two years taxes. On this money •
the state operated until the taxes were
available in 1921. The tux laws on coal,
oil, inheritance and Pullman ears have
lieeu enacted during Governor
pas term of office. The legislature,
in spile of the governor's warning, in
anad 1922 passed appropriation
• hills exceeding the revenues cf the
and in 1922 the excess amount
1 ed to $700,000, The governor then
made a percentage veto on all appro
priatlons, amounting to about $ 000 , 000 .
Thy supremo court decided that v/hiV.'
| the governor hud the power to veto
< he entire appropriation he could not
veto a part of it and it was then nec
I cessary to call a special session of the
' legislature which passed the appro
prialion bills practically as approved
j hy the governor. As a result for the
fiscal year ending June 30, 1024 the
state, for the first time in seven years,
showed a balance of about $22,000,
Under the dual system of taxatioir
in Montana, in effect since the con Al
tution was framed, all except mining
property is taxed upon a value basis,
( while mines are taxed on a basis of
not proceeds, plus $5,00 an acre valu
on surface land, and on the value
the machinery etc. used in connec
Uon with the ,nin<;8 - The governor
4o * ( l how through a system of book
i keeping, the Clark and Daily mining
- bilerests in Butte showed no net pro
tor the years 1921 and 1922 and
; th,:3e bi -f niint '* only one dollar
cncb ' n proceeds tax.
coods vvere eaten up in royalties to
themselves and other items were
The net pro
, "barged off leaving the result
l >ro ''t.
i The governor displayed to the au
' dience the check given by one of the
| big Butte mining corporations for its
The amount was one dollar.
of'In spite of the efforts of the admin
j istration to have a metal mines gross
I proceeds tax bill adopted, the senate,
j each time it has been introduced, has
i killed the measure. This year the
j law has been put up to the people of
be voted upon Nqvember 4.
If the big mining interests are not
the state by an initative measure and
I nia king a profit, as they claim, there
is no reason for them to oppose the
measure as the first $100,000 is ex
empt from tax under the. proposed
measure and according to their own
statement their taxes would not be
Under the present system a ranch
in Carbon county'pays in taxes from
60 to 75 per cent of the amount paid
by a three million dollar mining prop
erty in Butte.
. 6 Kovernor P a ' ( i his compliments
tb e copper owned or subsidized daily
press of the state and showed that for
" three year , pcri ? d they had been
runn ' nK at a , " ss - the k 04 * 1 amount of
' * 1 V '* s 618.70, or enough to
P8y nearly ° n , e half ° f the annuaI
f. nUC * contem P la4 « d by the metal mines
1,Cen,C tax bl11 '
The governor ended his speech with
a plea for the proposed mine tax bill
and for the state administration, mak
ing it plain that a governor favorable
to the copper intresta meant
control of the tax commission which
would eliminate any possibility of tax
equalization in Montana
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