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9 By RALEIGH F. WILKINSON N April, 1864, the writer, with his two brothers and little sister, to gether with their parents, Mr. and Mrs. E. N. Wilkinson, started from Brunswick, Misourl, for Cali fornia. They had a team composed of oxen and cows which were worked or driven as the occasion demanded. The party traversed the Missouri bottom road from Brunswick to St. Joseph, where the Missouri river was crossed in a ferry boat. Once in Kansas the party felt safe from molestation, while on the Mis souri side in those days, it was hard to foretell what would happen, as the time was during the latter part of the Civil war, and the rights of civilians were not held in high re spect. That was the year when a great immigration went west, espec ially from Missouri. Thousands went to Oregon, California and Washing ton, across the plains, and the late I If f}. « Ik * T; rm ' .#3 ■ Raleigh Wilkinson, Pioneer Mining nnd Newspaper Man of Montana, Who Passed Away Recently at Helena. He came as a boy of 13 Years to Alder Gulrh in 1804; and His Own Story, as Here Told Is Most Typical of the Expeerl enccs of Those Thousands Who In The Sixties, Crossed the Plains en Rout« to the "Gold Diggings". Bishop Marvin has slated that he never preached In a town n ithe coast states but what he was greeted by both men and women who had heard him in Missouri In former years. The bishop was one of the most sincere and consistent of men and believed Implicitly in what he preached. Safe On Kansas Side. The writer once heard him in Vir ginia City, in 1876, when his sub ject was the resurrecetion. The preacher was very earnest through out his discourse and held the at tention of his audience, not only be jr CuticuraSoap Is Pure and Sweet Ideal (or Children Sample Soap, Ointment, Ta 1 ! CntleBr» Laboratory ,i. Dent. R. Maiden. Mw frr» Addrear -Mlles mOÊÊmtfOamÊtm gftjyrBfcfaaui wTittUWMlir otlur Mn BMrtp doubla primat lutt a» » », ftezltoUU*- Modala tor my cmr, truck, tractor, marina or ateUonary Ä 8 Mkits obi o*r» bolter U>as ul ibUmj« lUkltOWM. ... >4 ml i Charroi at 92 ml] Do4aa. 2« ml Mnxwall.94 mi]OvarUn4 .12 ml] Oakland 14 ml. * IdLUeac* ruarantaa on aojr oth*r car acot on raquwu You SENT ON 30 DAY'S TRIAL dri»» any oar in baavitet traffic without ■ biftin* »«ana 8tarta o/t «« bfeb la any waatW without primln* or bsa Un» — Mo icrkla» or obokina- A (ganta Wan tad !... AIS-FTSICTION CARBURETOR CO Kan»— il BMf, Oajrwa, OUW, U, DON'T WORRY ABOUT YOUR RADIO ANTENNA Oar New Ridiola Superheterodyne Doesn't Need One Just connect up the batteries in the mahogany cabinet and put in the tubes and you are ready to tune In. Can be placed anywhere in Uie house. No antenna or ground to worry about. Complete with Tubes, Speaker and all batteries and External Loop Êtm RADIOLA SUPER HETERODYNE No Antena $292-70 Needed To Montana Electric Company, 60 East Broadway, Bntte, Mont. I am Interested in Radio and would like to have you send your free Radio Booklet. Name_ Address My Radio Dealer Is x cause of the theme, but because of the pursnaaive and eloquent voice of the speaker. In the end and at the final wind-up of bis discourse, he solemnly declared that, "If Christ be not risen, then there is no resur rection of the dead." When in Kansas the emigrants felt safe, as they were rapidly gain ing the outskirts of civilization and would soon pass into the wilds of the so-called desert. And It was a desert in those days. The only set tlers after a few days of travel con sisted of isolated farmers and stock growers. Then the settlements ceased altogether. Sees First Indians. At Fort Kearney were a few gov ernment troops and some very dirty and ragged Indian.,, the first we had seen. From there on we followed up the south side of the South Platte river, a muddy and sluggish stream without any semblance of life along its banks. No trees and no vegeta tion, but one continued vista of de sert and alkali water for drinking purposes. Tbe water was found by digging a small hole beneath the sod of wire grass, which soon filled. Generally the water was so strong that one could not drink it until it had been boiled. Prickly pears and sage brush were everywhere on the plains. The sage was used for fuel, together with buffalo chips, and it was a part of the writers' duty to provide fuel. Saw No Buffalo. The brush was cut and carried to camp and the chips were gathered up and put in sacks and taken to the same destination. The old sluggish and repellant stream was always present and presented anything but an Inviting view. Wild fowl would not stay on It and it had no fish in its waters. After what seemed an intermin able time in the hot sun and blow ing sand the party reached the first eminences. They were called Chim ney and Courthouse rocks. These eminences rose abruptly from tho plain near the road and several of the party and others ascended to the top of the steepest of these. Not a single buffalo was seen on the entire trip, but chameleons were plentiful in places, and the varying colors of them would change their colors from yellow to blue while one w r as looking at them. No game was seen except a few antelope. Meets Relatives on Trail. An agreeable surprise awaited our party when traveling along the Platte river. An older brother of the writer and a married sister were supposed to bo living near Kansas City, but one day a traveling outfit was encountered that contained them both, together with the sister's hus band. This encounter was regarded as one of the most agreeable of the entire trip. After that the two par ties traveled together. Nothing to impede prpgress was encountered until the emigrants reached a point on the Platte about 30 miles belqw Julesburg. There some freight wagons were crossing the river with a long string of yoked cattle to each wagon. They seemed to be in a hurry to get over and were taking chances in the treacherous quicksands of the river, but they made It alright and it was well they did for the next morning the old Platte was up to its banks and over flowing. It was the June rise and the snows were melting freely in the mountains of Colorado. Crossing of the Platte. Next day a flat boat appeared from somewhere, piloted by two men. They were there for a purpose, and that was to ferry the emigrants across the river. The boat was just large enough to hold a single wagon and it w-as propelled by oars. Five dollars a trip was the price charged and soon the ferrymen had all they could do and more. They worked from daylight until dark and still there was no impression made upon the number of covered wagons pres ent. The emigrants were told that a crossing could be made at Jules burg, but they would not leave, as they knew they could cross some time, and, as to Julesburg, well that was an unknown quantity. After waiting for days the party to which the writer belonged got across by swimming their cattle. Saves Son From Drowning. While the cattle were being driv en across and made to swim, the eld er brother of the writer, Henry C. Wilkinson, who afterward« reach ed Montana and taught the first school,in Adobetown, Alder gulch, in the fall of 1864, got separated from the cattle when in deep water. Had From the Helena Independent : Hack in 1017 Raleigh F. Wilkin son, prospector, miner, newspap erman and pioneer, who came to Montana in IH04, at the age of 18, wrote this sketch of the trip of the Wilkinson family from Mlsouri across the plains. The story re minds one of Emerson Hough's tale of "Th e Covered Wagon" and will be read with much interest by the present day resident of Mon tana. The sketch was placed among the archives of the Mon tana Historical Library, and It is through tlie courtesy qf Librarian David Hilgcr, who was a school mate of Mr. Wilkinson, that this opportunity to publish the article following (he funeral of the auth or, is made possible. Mr, Wilkinson spent most of his life in Helena, and was considered one of the state's most reliable authorities on mining. He had implicit failli in Montana, and ex pressed the Isdiof that the future held great things In store for the state in respect to new discoveries. it not been for his father, he would have perished. The latter seeing the son's predicament, swam to him and encouraged him with words and advice, calling constantly that bottom could be reached in a few feet more. In this way he piloted the exhausted man back to the shore. Cyclone Scapes Emigrants. While encamped on the south side of the river a cyclone came up that looked fearful to one observing it. Clouds came over the sky and the wind began to blow frightfully. Then little whirlwinds were seen to sweep the dust in whirls on the north side of the river. At last one of these innocent looking whirlwinds ascend ed to a great height, and presently It was seen that a similar whirl was beginning in the clouds. The dif ference was that the upper wind whirled the cloud down to earth and met the one going up. Then such a terrific display of lightning and darkness was seldom seen. The whirl continued until the cloud swept the earth and with one grand' onward rush, went down tho north bank of the river. It crossed the Platte river further east, and blew a precious oar of a skiff into the river. Sucked to His Death. The owner called out that he would give $10 to anyone who would get the oar. A swimming athlete stood near the river. He, without hesitation, jumped to recover the lost oar. He was never seen again. The treacherous stream had sucked his body down and held it there, and it is there yet in the sands of the Platte. After crossing the South Platte, a feeling of elation possessed the emigrants, who wore now nearing the mountains. They had been for some days in sight of their first glimpse of Pike's peak, dimly out lined against the sky and this was the first sight of the mountains to most of them. In a short time the North Platte was reached and cross ed at Fort Harney. It was the first stream of any size passed that was filled with clear water and was delightful to the tra velers. The fort looked like most forts in those days. The buildings were white and neat and the grdunds were strictly clean and well kept. Trees also lined the banks of the river and partly hid the fort from view. Without stopping, the emigrants pushed on towards their goal. By this time our party had de cided to go to the gold diggings of Idaho, as a lot of people were bound for that place. All of Montana was then known as Idaho, and we were bound for Alder gulch in Montana, which had been named while we were on the road. We took the Sweet' Water route and crossed over South Pass of the Rocky mountains. Along the Sweet Water, which was probably so nam ed because of the vast quantity of alkali along its borders, we travel ed for days, but were careful to look out for our cattle. Many dead animals lie beside the road, victims of the deadly lye. Our cattle were forced to swallow raw bacon and the writer was compelled to administer the dose. It was efectlve, however, as we lost but one animal, but this was before the bacon was used. Indians Beaten Off. Near the Big Sandy we encoun tered the first hostile Indians. They were Arapahoes and were ready for fight before our arrival at the camp ing ground. But, on making a de monstration, they were met with such a dertemlned show of force that they withdrew hastily. Nearly a thousand wagons were encamped In (he vicinity. The big Missouri train containing nearly 600 wagons, was in one |lace, and the little Mis souri train m ns close by. It con sisted of 250 wagons, and then there were others. We took the northern route through Lander's cutoff. Wo cross ed the Sweet Wter probably a hun dred times, as the road lay part of the distance directly in the creek bed. Hills were fearful, and In places it was ncessary to lock several wheels In order to descend. Fresh Graves by the Trail. We were now in the mountains, hut all were so anxious to get on that no stop was made for anything. Soon we reached the Bear river mountains and there was the first melancholy sight that met our gaze except a few fresh graves at Bi» Sandy, where two or three people had been killed in a brush with the Indians. A fresh grave was found beside the wagon road, and near some great fir trees. A board had been placed and a legend on this read; "Killed by a Bear." The name of the person killed was also on the board. Feeds Ixme Warrior. Crossing the headwaters of the Bear river and the Green river was of no particular significance. Grass good for the cattle and there was no trouble of any kind. The camp was visited by a single Indian, on a high plateau near Shadow lake. "Bisket: hungry," was all lie could say. His appetite was satisfied and we then moved on somewhat fear ful that he might be the forerunner of a bund of savages bent upon mas sacre. Bui we saw no more Indians and soon emerge* Into the Salt creek valley. From there on we wended our way towards Snake rlv e, having the const rouie to our left. We reached that formidable river and crossed It with uit trouble, as the stream waa low. Trout were In the stream «4 * few were caught. Thou we had to cross the Snake river dwelt, nnd tills trip was made at night to i»ve |hc cattle. The sand was found to be deep and It was a herd tri». %»t was successful ly passed 0*W Caught Fish With n Blanket. At length w» ronched 'amp creek Where a layover wWl fcdulged In. A big catch of trout WOB made by the writer and hhJ bother. The fish were In pools ftp & Ware .cry plenti ful, but thsy -vomwi nol bite, so we lesorted to cotchlltff them In a blan ket. The wtftr was very cold and the fish were i» K»(P condition. We caught In thi i UMuàner. about fifty pounds, wblcl Wore r eally relish ed as up to Hat time we had sub sisted on suit bacon and bread with tea or coffee The fcreek was also called Camas reek Hcadtog For Alder Gulch. Again wi wer* on our travels to WHS Paddy Ryan Brings Fame to Miles City By Winning World's Cowboy Championship at Pendleton Roundup % m * a k' ; M * L jm w .. ,4 K : / ïSÊ'l V I A 9 \ \ k L ' h r s Â A * 0 A t V V ■ J W: R V « ! ' Afc« jÿ,-. % • .. - *. UPI - ^ ;*■ Left to Right — Miss Marian Nixon, Hoot Gibson, Daddy Ryan with the Roosevelt Trophy. Gibson won the first nil around cow boy championship at Pendleton In 1912, the possesion of tho title winning Mm a place In the movies. Miss Nixon is his lending lady. He was first to congratulate Paddy on Ills spectacular ride Into the 1924 title. ILES CITY leaped into over night fame recently at close of the fifteenth annual Pendleton Roundup when Ryan, one of Us citizens rode U-Tell 'Em, top horse of the famous Pen dleton outlaw string, into the world's all around cowboy championship, de feating Yakima Canutt and win ning of the famous Roosevelt Hotel Trophy emblematic of the title, away from him in a f-pectacular man ner, la a battle wit It the big black horse. It was a great day for Miles City, and Incidentally to 1'addy and Yak ima. Going to the Pendleton Round up with only thirty points ahead of Canutt in the Roosevelt Hotel Tro phy contest from Cheyenne, Ryan drew the selfsame horse that Canutt had ridden into the title a year previously. Canutt drew 8am Jack son, who dethroned the world cham pion cowboy-fashion when he liter ally piled Yakima up "on his neck." The same fate befell Buck Lucas who couldn't quite decide to stay aboard Bill McAdoo. Thus the final contest was between Hugh Strickland on No Name and Paddy. Paddy won. Dusk was gathering over the Pen dleton arena when the contenders in the final contest were announc ed. Darkness hnd nearly arrived when Paddy, garbed in a shirt of brilliant emerald, settled into the saddle of the big berst that carried him to giory But the beast didn't do it willingly—not by a long shot— and his plunging pirations would have been too ranch for any but the toughest bitckaroo in Montana. An ticipating the horse at every leap, M the Paddy wards our destination, which was Virginia City, Alder gulch. We had the main range of the liockles to cross again, but that did not mat ter, so long as we wore approaching our goal. The grass was good, but everybody and everything was tired out. The writer was especially fa tigued, as It fell to his lot to drive tlie lame and loose cattle from Sweet Water to the end of the journey, un til he was nearly as lame and played out as were the animals in his charge. Crossing the range over Pleasant valley we were soon encamped on the Sflnkingwater river. Here we remained for a few days while the men folks proceeded to the camp to spy out the land. They accomplished their mission and returned with the glad tidings (hat the Journey was al most over. We drove into Alder gulch over the tilg hill and descend ed thence to German Bar. The writ er abandoned his charge as soon us (he city and gulch were sighted, and right glad was he of the chance und so wore the animals. They at cnce reclined to save their sore and tired feet. Start On Placer (Taint. A concession had been obtained to mine on a claim on the bar and soon a pit was stripped and gravel was shoveled into boxes that had been set for the purpose. The pit was quite deep to bedrock nnd necessitated the use of a mud box as a receptacle half way to the sluices, consequently the gravel had to he shoveled twice The writer hold the position of forker and ills duty consisted of forking out with a sluice fork the Ryan raked him from neck to flank at every Jump, while hoarse thous ands packing the stands roared an approval that could* be heard for miles. There followed a brief consulta tion among the judges, and the mag ntvox announced Paddy Ryan of Miles City winner of the broncho busting championship, which car ried with it 120 points toward the coveted Roosevelt Trophy. A mom ent while the Trophy committee en gaged in some arithmetic, which dis closed that Ryan had 240 points against Hugh Strickland's 218, and that the prize went to him for that year. Presented In 1923 by the Roose velt Hotel of New York City in mem ory of Theodore Roosevelt's keen love of western cowboy sports, the handsome gold, silver and ebony trophy symbolizes the peak of achievement with saddle and rope. It is contested on a point basis un der identical rules at Cheyenne Fron tier Days in July and the Pendleton Roundup in September, the winner being the man who holds the most points in the major cowboy sports of broncho busting, steer roping, bulldogging and the wild horse race, and is the goal of every cow boy on the range. And it belongs to Paddy Ryan of .Miles City until such time as a bet ter cowboy, if any there are. takes it from him. He will get a replica of the bucking horse figure atop the big trophy (or his own, however. This will probably be presented to him in New York. larger gravel that was shoveled in. The weather was quite warm as the time was in August, 1864. The entire gulch was one of the liveliest spectacles the writer had ever seen. Nearly every claim was under operation and tho amount of gold cleaned up dally from the. sluices must have amounted to up wards of n million dollars. CrowTs were seen on the hillside at Virginia City. These crowds de noted the execution of some male factor as the Vigilantes wore very active in those days in making the land ont of the sanest in the world for a peaceable man to live in. prize fight also took place during that time near Nevada City between Con Orem nnd Hugh O'Neill, it IiihI ed a long time with neither man the] victor. Con Orem swore before go ing into the fight that he would win or die. He did not win but made a draw, as Hugh O'Neill refused to ex ercise his full strength and force un der the circumstances. Moves to Jeferson Valley. Having worked out the pit, which did not pay very well, and winter coming on. the mining parties ceased operations and built several cabins in AtlObetown. These occupied for a short Unto when the entire party moved to tho Jefferson valley near tho mouth of tho Pipe stone river. of 1865, when they went to Chance. Before going, the party decided to take up ranches and go into that business. Logs were cut, and houses constructed so far as the framework was concerned. But before that time, Ë. 8. Wilkin son had gone to Last Chance to see what could bo done in mining. He there met John P. Barnes, noted us the man who gave Ills name to tho Barnes-Klng Mining company. Tito two were old friends and they camped togther In the gulch. The weather was very cold and every place at all inhabitable was occupied. But they secured a spot just .above Broadway, on Main street, Helena, There they wintered as) were Last where they wore allowed to spread tlielr blankets along with a lot of other people. The building was only a log cabin, but It served to keep the cold out. \\ lillo in the camp tho elder Wilkinson contracted for a mining claim In tho upper part of Grizzly gulch nnd soon returned for the remainder of the family. On to Last Chance, In March, 1866, everything in the Jeferson valley was abandoned and " (ipsli start was made to Chalice in the proverbial covered wagon and a long string of oxen. Tho weather was quite wan time and continued so until Oolcondo gulch was reached, a short distance below Jefferson (Tfy, in Jefferson county. There the moving party en camped for tho night in a saw mill building that was about completed. The structure belonged to John Freeland, an uncle of the writer. During tho night tho weather be came very cold, nnd In tho morning n foot of snow was on the ground and tho thermometer had gone down. Tho party remained there for several days on account of the cold, and then started for Last Chance. Tlie loose cattle were still in charge of tho writer, who made no objection, as it was more comfortable to walk than to ride. Between Helena and Montana City, which latter place was then of considerable pretensions, having many cabins and streets laid out in an orthodox and "sumptions" manner. Well, while on the way, the writer was seized with one of those sudden fits of hunger that Is not uncommon in tho young and growing youth of the land. The more ho thought about it the hungrier he got until he could stand it no longer. At the End of th« Trail. At the time he was about half a mile behind the wagon, but by run ning and walking he soon overtook the caravan and was diving into the grub box which was always present at the rear end of tho wagon, he soon satisfied his hunger and crawl ed into the wagon for a ride. Tbe father of the boy was there and of fered a protest but it fell on deaf oars, as the boy was then busily en gaged In munching bacon and bread. At the head of what was then Bridge street, he was sufficiently rested and cold enough to resume charge of the loose cattle. Going down State street about dark, the party con tinued on Its way up the gulch, ar riving at the village of Sprlngville long after dark. There they found tolerably comfortable quarters in a log cabin and remained there for several weeks and until spring had (CoDlinupd on th* Acrlrultarnl Ta**) JR As» 19 Say "Bayer Aspirin INSIST 1 Unless you sea the "Bayer Cross" on tablets you tro not getting the genuine Bayer Aspirin proved safe by millions and prescribed by phy sicians for 24 years. Accept only I Bayer package which contains proven directions rvr* boxes of 12 tablsts of 24 and 100—Druggists "B. Is (b* ms* mttk tt Mu» •i *-l'tr"n-f BURNED TO DE\TH JOHN 1 ; Victim was First Settler in Jeffer son County; Came to Montana in INtitl, and Itesldcd at the Springs for 5S years. FLAHEHTY PERISHES AS STAGE STATION AT (OLD SPRINGS IS DESTROYED Springs, 21 miles from Boulder, James Murray, Ids bruther-lu law, who was residing with him at the time of the horrible dlsas 1er, was awakened when (he smoke and flames hurst through the door of ids room. He leaped from a window and ran around the house to the window of the room whew" Mr. Flaherty was sleeping hut had only succeeded In remov ing (he sen-en when Hie roof fell In and the spray of burning embers drove him back. John Flaherty, 84 years old, one of tlie best known of Montana's pioneers, met death recently, when flames of an undetermined origin, razed Ids ranch home at Cold entire|Helena, Mr. Flaherty had a host of friends among tbe residents of that section of tho stale In which he roe sided, and it was Ills delight to dis cuss the early days of territorial life in Montana. He took up his home stead. naming it the Cottonwood ranch, In 186!), and in the early days wan identified with the stage line I that connected Corrinc, Utah, with The Flaherty homestead was a stage station, where in the days before the advent of tlie rail roads many weary travelers wore welcomed, lot)(ted and fed. The old log building which served ns a stage station and hotel until the recent fire, constituted the main part of the home as it was known to the many friends of the family. All who live in the territory ad joining Mr. Flaherty's homo loved and admired the industry of tlie old pioneer. He was one of the very first postmasters In whnt is now Jefferson county. From the days when tho log house was first erect (1(1 a ftiw y8nr g ug0 , „lion fall („g Dealtlt demanded a lessening of duties, Mr. Flaherty was postmaster, u 0 H i !<n served his community for eighteen years ns road supervisor ft ud for an even longer period was u H chool trustee. A Pioneer Woman, Mrs, Flaherty died about two years ago. She was tlie mother of seven children and known throughout the state as one of the kindliest and , ,„tlvo of the pioneer women ; w | l0 braved tlie rigors of homestead |jf,> usslst in building an empire. Mr. Flaherty was born in County Donegal, Ireland on November 10, 1 840, and came with his parents to America in 1861, locating in Van Burensburg, Ill., He attended grade and high school in Illinois and join oil (ho westward trek of bomeseek ora In 1866, but had had only roach j ed FOort Leavenworth, Kan., when called home by the death of his lather. Virginia City in 'Oil. A few months luter ho again turn toward the west and picked Mon tana as his destination. With a prodder's stlc kat the head of an ox train, ho wended his way over tho plains to Balt Lake City, hut then pushed on arriving in Virginia City on October 22, 1866. The following spring, with the spread of nows that gold had been struck in the Salmon river country in Idaho, ho Joined the rush and 1". 30 days had reached the new dig gings at. Leesburg, over a snow bound. icy trail. With the coming of summer, Mr. Flaherty started back for the Treasure state, and with a party of 14 worked his way to the headwaters of the Big Hole river, in Homestake gulch, where they took up placer claims. After attaining fair luck the party again headed for Virginia City and arrived there in the fall of 1867. Here he worked as a miner for a time and then started ranching with his brother, who had made the trip overland in 1864. Alone ln Th« Valley. In the spring of 1869 Mr. Flaherty moved Into the fertile valley which is now Jefferson county. Not a cabin was In sight the entire length of the valley when his party arrived and took up "Cotoonwood ranch". Cattle was his main activity and through thrift and industry became well known as a stockraiser. Three years utter his arrival Mr. Flaherty married Miss Ellzaeth A. Murray, daughter of old Kentucky and Vir ginia families, who had just come west with her parents. Mr. Flaherty was familiar with the entire country from Helena to Virginia City and watched its pro gress from the days of the pack horse trail or rugged wagon road. He was always confident in his chosen state and never refused a hand in any movement (or the better ment of his community or the com monwealth. Six sons survive Mr. Flaherty. They are C. D., Jefferson county surveyor; James D., clerk of court In Jefferson county; William of Wil low creek; Dr. G, F., of Fort Worth, Texas; Richard, who resides at the home, but who was in Whitehall at tbe time of the fire, and John of Seattle. Gold Strike to Bring Stampede Next spring will find the Casslar gold strike district on Eagle River, Alaska, 100 miles northeast of Wrangle, a booming mining town, according to the word of 20 stam peders, who left that section recently because the ground was beginning to freeze. All the prospectors who are returning to Wrangle from the new gold strike country, announce their intention of returning in the spring. There was no wood within five miles of the river, and prospect ing was done under difficulties, but coarse colors were found along a stretch of the river bed of sixty claims, the miners said.