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The Carbon County chronicle. [volume] (Red Lodge, Mont.) 1924-1924, October 08, 1924, Image 3

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036284/1924-10-08/ed-1/seq-3/

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N April, 1864, the writer, with his
two brothers and little sister, to
gether with their parents, Mr.
and Mrs. E. N. Wilkinson, started
from Brunswick, Misourl, for Cali
fornia. They had a team composed
of oxen and cows which were worked
or driven as the occasion demanded.
The party traversed the Missouri
bottom road from Brunswick to St.
Joseph, where the Missouri river was
crossed in a ferry boat.
Once in Kansas the party felt safe
from molestation, while on the Mis
souri side in those days, it was hard
to foretell what would happen, as
the time was during the latter part
of the Civil war, and the rights of
civilians were not held in high re
spect. That was the year when a
great immigration went west, espec
ially from Missouri. Thousands went
to Oregon, California and Washing
ton, across the plains, and the late
Ik *
T; rm
' .#3 ■
Raleigh Wilkinson, Pioneer Mining
nnd Newspaper Man of Montana,
Who Passed Away Recently at
Helena. He came as a boy of 13
Years to Alder Gulrh in 1804;
and His Own Story, as Here Told
Is Most Typical of the Expeerl
enccs of Those Thousands Who In
The Sixties, Crossed the Plains en
Rout« to the "Gold Diggings".
Bishop Marvin has slated that he
never preached In a town n ithe coast
states but what he was greeted by
both men and women who had heard
him in Missouri In former years. The
bishop was one of the most sincere
and consistent of men and believed
Implicitly in what he preached.
Safe On Kansas Side.
The writer once heard him in Vir
ginia City, in 1876, when his sub
ject was the resurrecetion. The
preacher was very earnest through
out his discourse and held the at
tention of his audience, not only be
Is Pure and Sweet
Ideal (or Children
Sample Soap, Ointment, Ta 1 !
CntleBr» Laboratory ,i. Dent. R. Maiden. Mw
frr» Addrear
wTittUWMlir otlur Mn BMrtp
doubla primat lutt a» » »,
ftezltoUU*- Modala tor my cmr,
truck, tractor, marina or ateUonary
Ä 8 Mkits obi o*r» bolter U>as
ul ibUmj« lUkltOWM.
... >4 ml i Charroi at 92 ml] Do4aa. 2« ml
Mnxwall.94 mi]OvarUn4 .12 ml] Oakland 14 ml.
IdLUeac* ruarantaa on aojr oth*r car acot on raquwu
dri»» any
oar in baavitet traffic without ■ biftin* »«ana 8tarta o/t
«« bfeb la any waatW without primln* or bsa Un» —
Mo icrkla» or obokina- A (ganta Wan tad
Kan»— il BMf, Oajrwa, OUW, U,
Oar New Ridiola Superheterodyne Doesn't Need One
Just connect up the batteries in the mahogany cabinet and put
in the tubes and you are ready to tune In. Can be placed
anywhere in Uie house. No antenna or ground to worry about.
Complete with
Tubes, Speaker
and all
batteries and
External Loop
No Antena
To Montana Electric Company,
60 East Broadway, Bntte, Mont.
I am Interested in Radio and would like to have you send your
free Radio Booklet.
My Radio Dealer Is
cause of the theme, but because of
the pursnaaive and eloquent voice of
the speaker. In the end and at the
final wind-up of bis discourse, he
solemnly declared that, "If Christ
be not risen, then there is no resur
rection of the dead."
When in Kansas the emigrants
felt safe, as they were rapidly gain
ing the outskirts of civilization and
would soon pass into the wilds of
the so-called desert. And It was a
desert in those days. The only set
tlers after a few days of travel con
sisted of isolated farmers and stock
growers. Then the settlements
ceased altogether.
Sees First Indians.
At Fort Kearney were a few gov
ernment troops and some very dirty
and ragged Indian.,, the first we had
seen. From there on we followed
up the south side of the South Platte
river, a muddy and sluggish stream
without any semblance of life along
its banks. No trees and no vegeta
tion, but one continued vista of de
sert and alkali water for drinking
Tbe water was found by digging a
small hole beneath the sod of wire
grass, which soon filled. Generally
the water was so strong that one
could not drink it until it had been
boiled. Prickly pears and sage brush
were everywhere on the plains. The
sage was used for fuel, together with
buffalo chips, and it was a part of
the writers' duty to provide fuel.
Saw No Buffalo.
The brush was cut and carried to
camp and the chips were gathered
up and put in sacks and taken to the
same destination. The old sluggish
and repellant stream was always
present and presented anything but
an Inviting view. Wild fowl would
not stay on It and it had no fish in
its waters.
After what seemed an intermin
able time in the hot sun and blow
ing sand the party reached the first
eminences. They were called Chim
ney and Courthouse rocks. These
eminences rose abruptly from tho
plain near the road and several of
the party and others ascended to
the top of the steepest of these.
Not a single buffalo was seen on
the entire trip, but chameleons were
plentiful in places, and the varying
colors of them would change their
colors from yellow to blue while one
w r as looking at them. No game was
seen except a few antelope.
Meets Relatives on Trail.
An agreeable surprise awaited our
party when traveling along the
Platte river. An older brother of
the writer and a married sister were
supposed to bo living near Kansas
City, but one day a traveling outfit
was encountered that contained them
both, together with the sister's hus
band. This encounter was regarded
as one of the most agreeable of the
entire trip. After that the two par
ties traveled together.
Nothing to impede prpgress was
encountered until the emigrants
reached a point on the Platte about
30 miles belqw Julesburg. There
some freight wagons were crossing
the river with a long string of yoked
cattle to each wagon. They seemed
to be in a hurry to get over and were
taking chances in the treacherous
quicksands of the river, but they
made It alright and it was well they
did for the next morning the old
Platte was up to its banks and over
flowing. It was the June rise and
the snows were melting freely in
the mountains of Colorado.
Crossing of the Platte.
Next day a flat boat appeared
from somewhere, piloted by two men.
They were there for a purpose, and
that was to ferry the emigrants
across the river. The boat was just
large enough to hold a single wagon
and it w-as propelled by oars. Five
dollars a trip was the price charged
and soon the ferrymen had all they
could do and more. They worked
from daylight until dark and still
there was no impression made upon
the number of covered wagons pres
ent. The emigrants were told that
a crossing could be made at Jules
burg, but they would not leave, as
they knew they could cross some
time, and, as to Julesburg, well that
was an unknown quantity. After
waiting for days the party to which
the writer belonged got across by
swimming their cattle.
Saves Son From Drowning.
While the cattle were being driv
en across and made to swim, the eld
er brother of the writer, Henry C.
Wilkinson, who afterward« reach
ed Montana and taught the first
school,in Adobetown, Alder gulch, in
the fall of 1864, got separated from
the cattle when in deep water. Had
From the Helena Independent :
Hack in 1017 Raleigh F. Wilkin
son, prospector, miner, newspap
erman and pioneer, who came to
Montana in IH04, at the age of 18,
wrote this sketch of the trip of the
Wilkinson family from Mlsouri
across the plains. The story re
minds one of Emerson Hough's
tale of "Th e Covered Wagon" and
will be read with much interest by
the present day resident of Mon
tana. The sketch was placed
among the archives of the Mon
tana Historical Library, and It is
through tlie courtesy qf Librarian
David Hilgcr, who was a school
mate of Mr. Wilkinson, that this
opportunity to publish the article
following (he funeral of the auth
or, is made possible.
Mr, Wilkinson spent most of his
life in Helena, and was considered
one of the state's most reliable
authorities on mining. He had
implicit failli in Montana, and ex
pressed the Isdiof that the future
held great things In store for the
state in respect to new discoveries.
it not been for his father, he would
have perished. The latter seeing
the son's predicament, swam to
him and encouraged him with words
and advice, calling constantly that
bottom could be reached in a few
feet more. In this way he piloted
the exhausted man back to the shore.
Cyclone Scapes Emigrants.
While encamped on the south side
of the river a cyclone came up that
looked fearful to one observing it.
Clouds came over the sky and the
wind began to blow frightfully. Then
little whirlwinds were seen to sweep
the dust in whirls on the north side
of the river. At last one of these
innocent looking whirlwinds ascend
ed to a great height, and presently
It was seen that a similar whirl was
beginning in the clouds. The dif
ference was that the upper wind
whirled the cloud down to earth
and met the one going up.
Then such a terrific display of
lightning and darkness was seldom
seen. The whirl continued until the
cloud swept the earth and with one
grand' onward rush, went down tho
north bank of the river. It crossed
the Platte river further east, and
blew a precious oar of a skiff into
the river.
Sucked to His Death.
The owner called out that he
would give $10 to anyone who would
get the oar. A swimming athlete
stood near the river. He, without
hesitation, jumped to recover the
lost oar. He was never seen again.
The treacherous stream had sucked
his body down and held it there,
and it is there yet in the sands of the
After crossing the South Platte,
a feeling of elation possessed the
emigrants, who wore now nearing
the mountains. They had been for
some days in sight of their first
glimpse of Pike's peak, dimly out
lined against the sky and this was
the first sight of the mountains to
most of them. In a short time the
North Platte was reached and cross
ed at Fort Harney.
It was the first stream of any size
passed that was filled with clear
water and was delightful to the tra
velers. The fort looked like most
forts in those days. The buildings
were white and neat and the
grdunds were strictly clean and well
kept. Trees also lined the banks of
the river and partly hid the fort
from view. Without stopping, the
emigrants pushed on towards their
goal. By this time our party had de
cided to go to the gold diggings of
Idaho, as a lot of people were bound
for that place. All of Montana was
then known as Idaho, and we were
bound for Alder gulch in Montana,
which had been named while we were
on the road.
We took the Sweet' Water route
and crossed over South Pass of the
Rocky mountains. Along the Sweet
Water, which was probably so nam
ed because of the vast quantity of
alkali along its borders, we travel
ed for days, but were careful to
look out for our cattle. Many dead
animals lie beside the road, victims
of the deadly lye. Our cattle were
forced to swallow raw bacon and the
writer was compelled to administer
the dose. It was efectlve, however,
as we lost but one animal, but this
was before the bacon was used.
Indians Beaten Off.
Near the Big Sandy we encoun
tered the first hostile Indians. They
were Arapahoes and were ready for
fight before our arrival at the camp
ing ground. But, on making a de
monstration, they were met with
such a dertemlned show of force that
they withdrew hastily. Nearly a
thousand wagons were encamped In
(he vicinity. The big Missouri
train containing nearly 600 wagons,
was in one |lace, and the little Mis
souri train m ns close by. It con
sisted of 250 wagons, and then there
were others.
We took the northern route
through Lander's cutoff. Wo cross
ed the Sweet Wter probably a hun
dred times, as the road lay part of
the distance directly in the creek
bed. Hills were fearful, and In
places it was ncessary to lock several
wheels In order to descend.
Fresh Graves by the Trail.
We were now in the mountains,
hut all were so anxious to get on
that no stop was made for anything.
Soon we reached the Bear river
mountains and there was the first
melancholy sight that met our gaze
except a few fresh graves at Bi»
Sandy, where two or three people
had been killed in a brush with the
Indians. A fresh grave was found
beside the wagon road, and near
some great fir trees. A board had
been placed and a legend on this
read; "Killed by a Bear." The
name of the person killed was also
on the board.
Feeds Ixme Warrior.
Crossing the headwaters of the
Bear river and the Green river was
of no particular significance. Grass
good for the cattle and there
was no trouble of any kind. The
camp was visited by a single Indian,
on a high plateau near Shadow lake.
"Bisket: hungry," was all lie could
say. His appetite was satisfied and
we then moved on somewhat fear
ful that he might be the forerunner
of a bund of savages bent upon mas
sacre. Bui we saw no more Indians
and soon emerge* Into the Salt
creek valley. From there on we
wended our way towards Snake rlv
e, having the const rouie to our
left. We reached that formidable
river and crossed It with uit trouble,
as the stream waa low. Trout were
In the stream «4 * few were
caught. Thou we had to cross the
Snake river dwelt, nnd tills trip was
made at night to i»ve |hc cattle. The
sand was found to be deep and It
was a herd tri». %»t was successful
ly passed 0*W
Caught Fish With n Blanket.
At length w» ronched 'amp creek
Where a layover wWl fcdulged In. A
big catch of trout WOB made by the
writer and hhJ bother. The fish
were In pools ftp & Ware .cry plenti
ful, but thsy -vomwi nol bite, so we
lesorted to cotchlltff them In a blan
ket. The wtftr was very cold and
the fish were i» K»(P condition. We
caught In thi i UMuàner. about fifty
pounds, wblcl Wore r eally relish
ed as up to Hat time we had sub
sisted on suit bacon and bread with
tea or coffee The fcreek was also
called Camas reek
Hcadtog For Alder Gulch.
Again wi wer* on our travels to
Paddy Ryan Brings Fame to Miles
City By Winning World's Cowboy
Championship at Pendleton Roundup
* a
k' ;
M *
9 \
L ' h
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Afc« jÿ,-.
• .. -
*. UPI - ^
Left to Right — Miss Marian Nixon, Hoot Gibson, Daddy Ryan with
the Roosevelt Trophy. Gibson won the first nil around cow
boy championship at Pendleton In 1912, the possesion of tho title
winning Mm a place In the movies. Miss Nixon is his lending
lady. He was first to congratulate Paddy on Ills spectacular ride
Into the 1924 title.
ILES CITY leaped into over
night fame recently at
close of the fifteenth annual
Pendleton Roundup when
Ryan, one of Us citizens rode U-Tell
'Em, top horse of the famous Pen
dleton outlaw string, into the world's
all around cowboy championship, de
feating Yakima Canutt and win
ning of the famous Roosevelt Hotel
Trophy emblematic of the title,
away from him in a f-pectacular man
ner, la a battle wit It the big black
It was a great day for Miles City,
and Incidentally to 1'addy and Yak
ima. Going to the Pendleton Round
up with only thirty points ahead of
Canutt in the Roosevelt Hotel Tro
phy contest from Cheyenne, Ryan
drew the selfsame horse that Canutt
had ridden into the title a year
previously. Canutt drew 8am Jack
son, who dethroned the world cham
pion cowboy-fashion when he liter
ally piled Yakima up "on his neck."
The same fate befell Buck Lucas
who couldn't quite decide to stay
aboard Bill McAdoo. Thus the final
contest was between Hugh Strickland
on No Name and Paddy. Paddy won.
Dusk was gathering over the Pen
dleton arena when the contenders
in the final contest were announc
ed. Darkness hnd nearly arrived
when Paddy, garbed in a shirt of
brilliant emerald, settled into the
saddle of the big berst that carried
him to giory But the beast didn't
do it willingly—not by a long shot—
and his plunging pirations would
have been too ranch for any but the
toughest bitckaroo in Montana. An
ticipating the horse at every leap,
wards our destination, which was
Virginia City, Alder gulch. We had
the main range of the liockles to
cross again, but that did not mat
ter, so long as we wore approaching
our goal. The grass was good, but
everybody and everything was tired
out. The writer was especially fa
tigued, as It fell to his lot to drive
tlie lame and loose cattle from Sweet
Water to the end of the journey, un
til he was nearly as lame and played
out as were the animals in his
Crossing the range over Pleasant
valley we were soon encamped on
the Sflnkingwater river. Here we
remained for a few days while the
men folks proceeded to the camp to
spy out the land. They accomplished
their mission and returned with the
glad tidings (hat the Journey was al
most over. We drove into Alder
gulch over the tilg hill and descend
ed thence to German Bar. The writ
er abandoned his charge as soon us
(he city and gulch were sighted, and
right glad was he of the chance
und so wore the animals. They at
cnce reclined to save their sore and
tired feet.
Start On Placer (Taint.
A concession had been obtained to
mine on a claim on the bar and soon
a pit was stripped and gravel was
shoveled into boxes that had been set
for the purpose. The pit was quite
deep to bedrock nnd necessitated the
use of a mud box as a receptacle
half way to the sluices, consequently
the gravel had to he shoveled twice
The writer hold the position of
forker and ills duty consisted of
forking out with a sluice fork the
Ryan raked him from neck to flank
at every Jump, while hoarse thous
ands packing the stands roared an
approval that could* be heard for
There followed a brief consulta
tion among the judges, and the mag
ntvox announced Paddy Ryan of
Miles City winner of the broncho
busting championship, which car
ried with it 120 points toward the
coveted Roosevelt Trophy. A mom
ent while the Trophy committee en
gaged in some arithmetic, which dis
closed that Ryan had 240 points
against Hugh Strickland's 218, and
that the prize went to him for that
Presented In 1923 by the Roose
velt Hotel of New York City in mem
ory of Theodore Roosevelt's keen
love of western cowboy sports, the
handsome gold, silver and ebony
trophy symbolizes the peak of
achievement with saddle and rope.
It is contested on a point basis un
der identical rules at Cheyenne Fron
tier Days in July and the Pendleton
Roundup in September, the winner
being the man who holds the most
points in the major cowboy sports
of broncho busting, steer roping,
bulldogging and the wild horse
race, and is the goal of every cow
boy on the range.
And it belongs to Paddy Ryan of
.Miles City until such time as a bet
ter cowboy, if any there are. takes
it from him. He will get a replica
of the bucking horse figure atop the
big trophy (or his own, however.
This will probably be presented to
him in New York.
larger gravel that was shoveled in.
The weather was quite warm as the
time was in August, 1864.
The entire gulch was one of the
liveliest spectacles the writer had
ever seen. Nearly every claim was
under operation and tho amount of
gold cleaned up dally from the.
sluices must have amounted to up
wards of n million dollars.
CrowTs were seen on the hillside
at Virginia City. These crowds de
noted the execution of some male
factor as the Vigilantes wore very
active in those days in making the
land ont of the sanest in the world
for a peaceable man to live in.
prize fight also took place during
that time near Nevada City between
Con Orem nnd Hugh O'Neill, it IiihI
ed a long time with neither man the]
victor. Con Orem swore before go
ing into the fight that he would win
or die. He did not win but made a
draw, as Hugh O'Neill refused to ex
ercise his full strength and force un
der the circumstances.
Moves to Jeferson Valley.
Having worked out the pit, which
did not pay very well, and winter
coming on. the mining parties
ceased operations and built several
cabins in AtlObetown. These
occupied for a short Unto when the
entire party moved to tho Jefferson
valley near tho mouth of tho Pipe
stone river.
of 1865, when they went to
Chance. Before going, the
party decided to take up ranches and
go into that business. Logs were
cut, and houses constructed so far
as the framework was concerned.
But before that time, Ë. 8. Wilkin
son had gone to Last Chance to see
what could bo done in mining.
He there met John P. Barnes,
noted us the man who gave Ills name
to tho Barnes-Klng Mining company.
Tito two were old friends and they
camped togther In the gulch. The
weather was very cold and every
place at all inhabitable was occupied.
But they secured a spot just .above
Broadway, on Main street, Helena,
There they wintered as)
where they wore allowed to spread
tlielr blankets along with a lot of
other people. The building was only
a log cabin, but It served to keep
the cold out. \\ lillo in the camp tho
elder Wilkinson contracted for a
mining claim In tho upper part of
Grizzly gulch nnd soon returned for
the remainder of the family.
On to Last Chance,
In March, 1866, everything in the
Jeferson valley was abandoned and
" (ipsli start was made to
Chalice in the proverbial covered
wagon and a long string of oxen.
Tho weather was quite wan
time and continued so until Oolcondo
gulch was reached, a short distance
below Jefferson (Tfy, in Jefferson
county. There the moving party en
camped for tho night in a saw mill
building that was about completed.
The structure belonged to John
Freeland, an uncle of the writer.
During tho night tho weather be
came very cold, nnd In tho morning n
foot of snow was on the ground and
tho thermometer had gone down.
Tho party remained there for several
days on account of the cold, and
then started for Last Chance. Tlie
loose cattle were still in charge of
tho writer, who made no objection,
as it was more comfortable to walk
than to ride. Between Helena and
Montana City, which latter place
was then of considerable pretensions,
having many cabins and streets laid
out in an orthodox and "sumptions"
manner. Well, while on the way, the
writer was seized with one of those
sudden fits of hunger that Is not
uncommon in tho young and growing
youth of the land. The more ho
thought about it the hungrier he got
until he could stand it no longer.
At the End of th« Trail.
At the time he was about half a
mile behind the wagon, but by run
ning and walking he soon overtook
the caravan and was diving into the
grub box which was always present
at the rear end of tho wagon, he
soon satisfied his hunger and crawl
ed into the wagon for a ride. Tbe
father of the boy was there and of
fered a protest but it fell on deaf
oars, as the boy was then busily en
gaged In munching bacon and bread.
At the head of what was then Bridge
street, he was sufficiently rested and
cold enough to resume charge of the
loose cattle. Going down State
street about dark, the party con
tinued on Its way up the gulch, ar
riving at the village of Sprlngville
long after dark. There they found
tolerably comfortable quarters in a
log cabin and remained there for
several weeks and until spring had
(CoDlinupd on th* Acrlrultarnl Ta**)
Say "Bayer Aspirin
INSIST 1 Unless you sea the
"Bayer Cross" on tablets you
tro not getting the genuine
Bayer Aspirin proved safe by
millions and prescribed by phy
sicians for 24 years.
Accept only I
Bayer package
which contains proven directions
rvr* boxes of 12 tablsts
of 24 and 100—Druggists
Is (b* ms* mttk tt Mu»
•i *-l'tr"n-f
Victim was First Settler in Jeffer
son County; Came to Montana in
INtitl, and Itesldcd at the Springs
for 5S years.
Springs, 21 miles from Boulder,
James Murray, Ids bruther-lu
law, who was residing with him
at the time of the horrible dlsas
1er, was awakened when (he smoke
and flames hurst through the
door of ids room. He leaped from
a window and ran around the
house to the window of the room
whew" Mr. Flaherty was sleeping
hut had only succeeded In remov
ing (he sen-en when Hie roof fell
In and the spray of burning embers
drove him back.
John Flaherty, 84 years old,
one of tlie best known of Montana's
pioneers, met death recently, when
flames of an undetermined origin,
razed Ids ranch home at Cold
Mr. Flaherty had a host of
friends among tbe residents of that
section of tho stale In which he roe
sided, and it was Ills delight to dis
cuss the early days of territorial life
in Montana. He took up his home
stead. naming it the Cottonwood
ranch, In 186!), and in the early days
wan identified with the
stage line
I that connected Corrinc, Utah, with
The Flaherty homestead
was a stage station, where in the
days before the advent of tlie rail
roads many weary travelers wore
welcomed, lot)(ted and fed.
The old log building which served
ns a stage station and hotel until
the recent fire, constituted the main
part of the home as it was known to
the many friends of the family.
All who live in the territory ad
joining Mr. Flaherty's homo loved
and admired the industry of tlie old
pioneer. He was one of the very
first postmasters In whnt is now
Jefferson county. From the days
when tho log house was first erect
(1(1 a ftiw y8nr g ug0 , „lion fall
(„g Dealtlt demanded a lessening of
duties, Mr. Flaherty was postmaster,
u 0 H i !<n served his community for
eighteen years ns road supervisor
ft ud for an even longer period was
u H chool trustee.
A Pioneer Woman,
Mrs, Flaherty died about two years
ago. She was tlie mother of seven
children and known throughout the
state as one of the kindliest and
, ,„tlvo of the pioneer women
; w | l0 braved tlie rigors of homestead
|jf,> usslst in building an empire.
Mr. Flaherty was born in County
Donegal, Ireland on November 10,
1 840, and came with his parents to
America in 1861, locating in Van
Burensburg, Ill., He attended grade
and high school in Illinois and join
oil (ho westward trek of bomeseek
ora In 1866, but had had only roach
j ed FOort Leavenworth, Kan., when
called home by the death of his
Virginia City in 'Oil.
A few months luter ho again turn
toward the west and picked Mon
tana as his destination. With a
prodder's stlc kat the head of an ox
train, ho wended his way over tho
plains to Balt Lake City, hut then
pushed on arriving in Virginia City
on October 22, 1866.
The following spring, with the
spread of nows that gold had been
struck in the Salmon river country
in Idaho, ho Joined the rush and 1".
30 days had reached the new dig
gings at. Leesburg, over a snow
bound. icy trail. With the coming of
summer, Mr. Flaherty started back
for the Treasure state, and with a
party of 14 worked his way to the
headwaters of the Big Hole river, in
Homestake gulch, where they took
up placer claims. After attaining
fair luck the party again headed for
Virginia City and arrived there in
the fall of 1867. Here he worked as
a miner for a time and then started
ranching with his brother, who had
made the trip overland in 1864.
Alone ln Th« Valley.
In the spring of 1869 Mr. Flaherty
moved Into the fertile valley which
is now Jefferson county. Not a cabin
was In sight the entire length of the
valley when his party arrived and
took up "Cotoonwood ranch".
Cattle was his main activity and
through thrift and industry became
well known as a stockraiser. Three
years utter his arrival Mr. Flaherty
married Miss Ellzaeth A. Murray,
daughter of old Kentucky and Vir
ginia families, who had just come
west with her parents.
Mr. Flaherty was familiar with
the entire country from Helena to
Virginia City and watched its pro
gress from the days of the pack
horse trail or rugged wagon road.
He was always confident in his
chosen state and never refused a
hand in any movement (or the better
ment of his community or the com
Six sons survive Mr. Flaherty.
They are C. D., Jefferson county
surveyor; James D., clerk of court
In Jefferson county; William of Wil
low creek; Dr. G, F., of Fort Worth,
Texas; Richard, who resides at the
home, but who was in Whitehall at
tbe time of the fire, and John of
Gold Strike to Bring Stampede
Next spring will find the Casslar
gold strike district on Eagle River,
Alaska, 100 miles northeast of
Wrangle, a booming mining town,
according to the word of 20 stam
peders, who left that section recently
because the ground was beginning
to freeze. All the prospectors who
are returning to Wrangle from the
new gold strike country, announce
their intention of returning in the
spring. There was no wood within
five miles of the river, and prospect
ing was done under difficulties, but
coarse colors were found along a
stretch of the river bed of sixty
claims, the miners said.

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