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The Carbon County chronicle. [volume] (Red Lodge, Mont.) 1924-1924, October 22, 1924, Image 1

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$2.50 PER Y'EAR
—r x -—=
VOL. 1, NO. 31.
a scorching letter on taxation ques-'j
ition. Insists on debating campaign
Issue with the Governor.
Frank J. Edwards, Candidate for Gov-,
ernor on Farm Labor ticket writes
Branding as a deliberate falsehood
statements used by Governor Joseph
M. Dixon in refusing to debate cam- on
paign issues with Frank J. Edwards, ;
gubernatorial candidate on the Farm- as
er Labor ticket, Mr. Edwards has ' no
written another letter to the gover
nor, under date of October 16, renew
ing the challenge and calling for a
show down of facts.
Mr. Edwards letter, in full, follows:
Helena, Mont., Oct. 16, 1924
Gov. Job. M. Dixon,
State Capitol.
Dear Sir:—In your speeches at Bil
lings and Great Palls, you gave your
reason for refusing to debate with me
by stating that it was common talk, p
that 1 am in the campaign to throw j
mud for the interests at Butte and j
that I am financed by the Anaconda
This, of course, is a deliberate false - 1
hood. There is no such common talk. |
It is your talk and the common talk L
of those who are in league with you
Your whole public career is sur- ! P
rounded by falsehood and intrigue,
You were never elected to an of
to loot the state.
fice without the support of the Ana
conda company.
1 have never had the support of
the copper trust or the railroad trust
nor of any of the entrenched Inter
est*. And your intimation «r «»er
to the contre-y camvrt be Ne u «*Wf
on a single fact or circumstance. Your
effort to evade the truth must be sup
ported by falsehood.
Unlike yourself, ! have never worn
a copper collar. Unlike yourself, I
never will. Your public career and
conduct justify the assertion that a
copper collar can be removed from
and may be replaced around your
neck at any time.
You have made yourself the issue
in this campaign. Your misrepresen
tations and exaggerations are now the
issues. Those matters of economic im- !
portance to this state and her people
have been obscured through your po
every move is by way of an indirect
And characteristically, you f
are now running for office with no
definite corrective program and re
lying entirely on the possible weak
litical subtlety.
You never proceed directly. Your
There may have been some honest
nen with honorable intentions asso
ciated with the drafting of the initial
ed mines Ux measure which is now
your alleged issue. However, your
attitude in this direction savors of
something known only to yourself.!
You have stressed the importance of
expert advice in tax matters and you
were permitted to import a tax expert
Mr. Nels P. Haugen, from Wisconsin,
to assist you and yet in the most im
portant tax matter and the one which
you contemplate raising by far the
greatest amount of revenue, you had
seen to it that the name of Nels P.
Haugen, tax expert, be completely dis
aociated from the mines tax measure.
Last March you said, under your
ness of those opposing you.

signature, that the mines tax meas
prepared by the "committee
In July and since
t be
ure was
on agriculture. 1
then you have been saying,
mines tax measure was carefully pre
pared by the "Montana Ux commis
The nrnes tax measure having emi
nated from at least two sources of
oripin and none having expert ad
vice from the indispensible Mr. Hang
and the complete dissociation of
yourself from all initiative procedure
sociated with you. This is a matter
of great public concern and tto facts
should not be held from the public.
These facts and others which ap
pertain to the history and substance
of tbe initiated mines tax measure
should prove quite dearly, directly and
circumstantially, thr' you, the gover
nor of Montana, are personally and for
personal reasons, associated with a!
indicate the existence of a plan known
only to you and to those secretly as
plan that is in legislative circles, des
igated a "sand bag."
You have complained very tearful -
y ()f th(J reactionary disposition of
Montana legislators, and yet you have
not explained how you are going to
prevent the next legislature from re
pealing the initiated mines tax meas
ure, should it be favorably voted up
on in November. Should the next
legislature take to the copper collar
as you have in the past, there will be
no effect from the initiated mines tax
measore even though the people vote
favorably upon it.
Speaking for myself, should the peo
ple vote for the mine* tax and should
I be elected governor and should the
next legislature attempt to repeal the
initiated mines tax measure, I will
veto such repeal, and to the extent of
my influence, I will endeavor to carry
out the will of the people.
This statement you have withheld,
p ** now Perhaps, too late for such
declaration on your part. And such
declaration, at this late hour, would
re< l u * re S' 0 ". for the first time, to ex
press your confidence in the initiated
mines tax measure, from legal and
meritorious view points.
Such declaration on your part would
°P erat * to your diwdvanUge should
(you be re-elected and should the peo
P !e fayor the m >nes measure and
'should you tocome desirous of defeat
sucb measure at the next legisla
tive session as a part of your obscured
Your arinual *v«age deficit has not
»been «"uch lea« than a million a year,
7716 mines tax contemplates addit on
al revenue of only one-half "million.
What provision have you advocated
and which would take care of the re
The greatest tax dodger in Lion- .
tana—the one that owns the most
property, makes the most money and
pays proportionately far less taxes in I
this state, is the Northern Pacific rail- j
way company. Had you provided for |
another one-half million taxes from
The term "sandbag" as herein used
may sound a little harsh or severe—
but let us see.
! bave been in a position to claim credit 1
f° r *-° create sources of revenue
fbat would enable the state to operate
within its income under vr_ir
maining deficit.
the Northern Pacific, you would then
Then > >' our K reat symathy for the
f ax P"yc r ® generally throughout the
state would have prompted you to low-j
er thelr taxes b >' «bating their bur
den to " thers of our tax-evading mon
ey-making institutions.
L ,
W,th 8Uch P lan ,n mlnd there w ° ald
have come under your observation, the
radroa d s other than the Northern Pa
c,f, c. The Montana Power company,
the telegraph and telephone, express,
Pullman, etc.
The summation of your activities
disclose • questionable effort on your
P art 10 make Provision for only
one-half of your annual deficit by
levying a special tax on a producing
in * industry while the remaining
annual def 'dt and a reduction of tax
es generally might have been provided
^ or by way of applying special taxes
those which are essentially milking
institutions, and which produce noth-;
' na ' " ave and except dividends tar
their foreign owners.
In announcing ycur candidacy for

governor four years ago you declared
'bat Montana would remain hopeless
unless a constitutional convention
were called to supply the very neces
sar y remedies. Following your elec
tion this great and only panacea for
Montana's political and economic ills
W8S forgotten by yon. This oversight
n ' a y have been a P art ot y° ur ««cut
deal w,th tbe Anaconda company when
you «greed to the present one and one
half tor cent mines Ux on "net pro
And the same declaratory sUte
">ent conUined a specific reference
bbe MonUna Power company as a
Ux evader. This also escaped your
memory between the time of the 1920
campaign and the closing cf the 1921
legislature session. This may also
bave been a part of your agreement in,
connection with your one and one-half
tor cent metals mines tax.
a! (Continued on last page)
Two Boys Are Sent
To Industrial School
he css of Andrew Mvrosh came
for final hearing before Judge
Robert C. Stong, und he was thereup
on committed to the Industrial School
at Miles City.
The case of Julius Berg, also a de
linquent, came up for hearing. The
defendant and hie mother appeared
and waived service of counsel and
trial by jury. A hearing was had be
fore the court and Judge Stong or
dered the boy committed to the Indus
trial School at Miles City.
Washoe Club Women
To Have Big Day Nov. I
Thirteenth Quarterly Convention of
Carbon County Federation of Women's
Clubs to be held at Washoe with the
Washoe Women's Club as hostess,
Saturday, Nov. 1.
Morning Session 9:30 a. m.
Mrs. C. C. Crossen, county president
and Mrs. S. M. Soudera, past state
president, presiding.
Assembly Singing—"America The
Invocation—Rev. Varner.
Welcome Address—Mrs. Harry F.
Thom, president, Washoe Club.
Response—Mrs. F. B. Bates, presi
dent Joliet Club.
Secretary's report.
Treasurers report.
Piano Solo—Miss Gleason.
Address—Mrs. C. C. Crossen.
Assembly Singing.
Brief explanation of the Iniative
and Referendum Beasures—John T.
State Convention Report—by coun
ty delegates.
Afternoon session, 1:16 p. m.
Song—"Out Where The West Be
„ ,
ftniertams A1 Jolson
Anri HHior A
And Utner Actors
Address—"Woman's Place in Polît
es," Mrs. S. M. Souders, past presi
dent, Montana Federation of Women's
Duet—M rs. Pound and Mrs. George,
Character Dancing—Miss MonvU
Address—"The Problems of Our
Young People", Rev. Guy Winston
Reading—Miss Gosnell.
. Violin Solo—Mrs. Westervelt.
Reports of Committees,
All sessions will be held in the Wa
I shoe hall,
j -
| President CooHdgC
~ —
Washin £ton—Presidential and stage
hours clashed this morning at the
j White House and at the conclusion
of two hourg of roerry att ] e it wag
dec i ared a draw ,
John DreW| A , Jolgon and about 4Q
otber mernberg 0 f tbe Coolidge and
Dawes stage club won in determining
the hour for a breakfast engagement
by arriving at the White House at
9;30i after the pregident had waited
an hour and a half past his usual
breakfaat time
Mr Coolidge gtepped from tbe are .
na of wjt and fun however> promp tiy
Bt 10;30 to meet the cabinet at the
rcgular houI>i jugt M hig gueJ|ta jn
the mld8t of a serenade were ^
in thc chonig of <. Kecp X.lidg« "
It WRg a HveJy morning ' in the
breakfaBt and later an the whitÆ
Houge |awn wherg the actorg enter _
uined Mr amJ Mrg Coolidge mt onIy
w j tb gongg bu t w j(j, impromptu
Jolson mixed in a few "presidential
j 0 k eg " and waa successful in his
threat to make Mr. Coolidge "b ugh
0 „- i oud »>
when jt came the glng j ng of cam .
paj(rn gon( , s Mrg c^j^e joined ini
with an enthusiastic soprano.
Miss Marea Martin returned Friday
from Great Falls, after three years
nurgeg training, to visit her parents
Mr and Mrg M E Martin of thig
CHy after two yearg and nine monthg
training in Bozdman Miss Martin
graduated last Spring from the Boza
man D eacone8g HospiUl at Bozeman,
Montana and took SUU Board exami
a nation in Helena,
She then went to
Greatfalls and took special work in
i, abrutory and x . ray Migg Martin
expecta to resume her work after a
ghort time
in, --—_____
John G s k i nner and F w . Lyle
made a business trip to Roscoe on
Tuesday affe»#JOn at about three
o'clock Louis OwkK i of Washoe was
»bile accident at the
killed in an as 1
Foot of Bearci
■ hill. Five persons
riding tile Ford car, including
Mr. Gruden, Ut daughter who was
I- Rado Tuscan, who
lot fatally inju ed.
driving the c«f
was seriously, i
no one seem. w the
accident occoMWÉL except when the
young lady .ppu* the breaks, that
the car kept « Joing faster until it
finally overtu rn e d, pinning her com
pletely under til#" rar. She escaped
with slight bmtl» Rado Tuscon is
at the Reed hoiffital at Bearcreek,
While Dr. is attending him
reports that hi» «éhdition is somewhat i
better, he cootA Hot state whether he
would recover from the accident or
Louis Grudef.J* survived by one !
daughter, ago* 'Dim years and two :
stopdaughtem, '12 and 16. Mrs. I
Gruden waa #*»jed several years I
ago, after ntf^Mbne the father was '
compelled to his children in an
orphans' homtf Be came to Washoe
and secured ««*, saved his money
and built a ho aee and then brought
his family %0 fife with him. The
sympathy ofm««>inuinity i 8 extend-,
ed to hia itniijilrr in their sad loss, j
[ women of Red
fing at the Court
|t 1:30 P. M., which :
[by Mrs, R. A. Nut
fcumming of Miles j
[ladies, first taking
R» men can play in
The Repul
Lodge held a
House on sFrt
men I
„ _ .. 1
ur' A ' j W ® » X l
grateful to a Republican administra - 1
was prosijgl a«|
ting. Mrs. j^ J.
Clly talk«« j|
up the part ^
bringing about success for the Repuh
I been ticket. She said that the LaFol
Î lette force« are well organised and
have plenty of money, and she was
surprised to find in her travels atout
the state, that the Independent candi
date had many ardent workers. Mrs.
Gumming urged the women to start
in at once and work hard to get out a
large Republican vote and made the
statement that 45 per cent of the vote
cast in Montana was cast by the wo
ition and a Republican'^Congress for
g iv i ng U8 the vote. Five times in six
years) women asked for
suffrage and
every time the democrats saioiu
cred the request. When the suf
frage bill came before the Republican
Congress, in just two weeks, the bdl
was passed ratifying this amend
ou , , ..
She 8 ®° ,poke the Ch ' d Lab ° r
bU1 Bnd the Womens Minimum Wage
bo*-* 1 and suggesting that the women
. need not ^ 'n'« r ested in politics or
h * ve 8ny P ol ' ,lcal amb t10 "'
should be interested in seeing that the
l»™ »re passed which will to of great
benefit to them and to the coun
try ' thu * protectlria *** future mother '
hood of the nation and preserving,
«ther than destroying childhood, and
_ in this way the women really exercise
their rights.
® 4r *' Gumming offered suggestions
of various ways that the women might
employ in getting out a large vote and
encouraging thc busy housewife to go
b b® polls on election day, thus show
ing her appreciation of the gift of
. suffrage.
After Mrs. Cumming's talk, there
was a short discusaion among those
present and it was decided to orga
nize a Republican Women's Club in
Red Lodge, and also to organize clubs
in other towns :n Carbon County. Mrs.
Minnie Downard waa chosen chairman
to perfect these organizations, it ik,
the pbin of thc women to hold a gen
eral maSR meeting which will be for
the purpose of bringing all the women
together. This will be entirely in
formal and the women hope to have
some of the principal Republican can
to didates make talks at this meeting.
in the date of which will be announced
a —
| Henry Cranfill has returned to Bear
! creek from Mullen, Idaho, after an ah
sence of eight months. Mr. Cranfill
on reports the Coeur d'Alene district In
good shape
The absent voters ballots are ready
for all voters who are qualified to
vote and will not be in the county on
the day of election. Quite an inter
est is being shown by absent voters,
there being more than 100 applica
tions on file when the ballots were re
ceived. Any one who is to be absent
from their voting place may secure
one of these ballots from County Clerk
C. E. Thompson.
Farmer-Labor Electors
• , - , . , __
Ask Independents' Vote
Banner-Labor party of Montana, Ella
^° rt ^ ut Bearcreek and J. M. Johnson
of Helena ' h «ve presented Frank In
man ' aet,nK manager of the Montana
cam P ai «' n for LaFollette and Wheeler,
wltb s '*U'ed statements, he says, call
infJ u P° n their fH »-nds not to vote for
Two presidential electors of the
them but to vote for the LaFollette
" beeler Independent electors. A third
8uch BUtomt ' nt is expected to be ob
Umwl from 0116 uthur Farmer-Labor
eiector ' Inman 3Uld - withi " a al >ort
t,me *
•'•""•»y the same as that signed in
Helena by J. M. Johnson says:
I The telegram received from Ella
Lord, which contains a statement sub
' l ' as one oI the Farmer-Labor elec
tors ' bel "*viug it to be for the best
j lnterest uf the LaFollette-Wheeler In
I dependent ticket respectfully ask that
the voters of this slate and my friends
vote on November fourth for the elec
, tors on the Independent ballot. I
taking this position sincerely trusting
that my statement may help to in
sure the election of LaFollette and
MTS. t CrgUBOH Qualified
Austin, Texas.-An injunction to
prohibit the name of Mrs. Myrlam A.
Ferguson, Democratic candidate
governor in Texas, from going on the j
ballots was denied by the Texas *u
reme court today. The court also
held that Mrs. Ferguson was qualified i
in every way to hold office, if elected.
I The court declared invalid that por
tion of the statute seeking to give a
private individual the right to bring
suit to test the eligibility of a candi
date for election. The eligibility of
the candidate is exclusively within the
I P° wcr of the legislature as laid down
1 by the constitution said the opinion.
l by the constitution said the opinion,
- 1
According to Ruling
Shooting of Dan Mc
Grew" May Have Had
^ ^
Setting in Missoula
Missoula—A story baa been circu
lating in Missoula recently to the ef
'f® 4 that the tr «K«dy w Wdi is'the
r theme of Robert Service's poem, "The
Shooting of Dan McGrew," had its
8t,irt on Weat Frunt ' b * Gor
den fity
According to the story,I Dan Mc
Grew, later known as "Dangerous
Dan." was an ordinary gambler Fic
t lon. too, has it that the woman known
ag Lou, also was here with a home
' on {
j nto the midst of this compatible
pair) it j B «aid. cgme a piano player
f rom the East ivho stole Lou away
) from Dan. So f*r, to good. Then the
scene shifts from the F'.ast to Alaska,
the setting of the immortal poem. Mc
Grew went nckth and swaggerd
among the rospeating camps as "Dan
gerous Dan," an appellation of his own
selection and, it i< said, wholly in con
I sistent with hia niakeup.
i There McGrew found Lou again, the
«tory goes, dancing in the Malamute
aa l°on while her husband played—ami
in 7>an won L*>u back again. The end is
^ ound ' n the poeni It is averred by
the narrators that Lou later on
r'^ 8 toner and settled down to nro
ik, saic respectability.
7 r ~ i -
Like Father, Teddy
Eimira, N. Y.—Theodore Roosevelt,
Republican candidate for governor,
said Saturday that if he became gov-j
emor he would continue his fight for
a law making it a misdemeanor pun
ishahle by a $500 fipe for a landlord
to bar children from his premise».«
Fights For Children
Have you a house or appartments
to rent 7 Let us help you.
"bSERICKSON promises to
Charges Extravagances of Dixon Administration
And Promises to Abolish Useless Boards And
J. E. Erickson, Democratic nominee for Governor on Thursday night
addressed n large audience at the Beartooth theatre here, in which he as
sailed the present adrnnisratiun as hing the most extravagant in the his
tory of the state. He told the people how, if he were elected governor of
Montana, he would hold down the expenditures of the general fund until
the debt were entirely wiped out, which he said he could do in four
years, if given the chance.
Judge Erickson gave figures which
had been obtained from State Audi- j
tor Porter, and which he said was the '
best authority he was able to obtain,
and in the course of his speech ho said;
"On October 12, 1922 Senator B. C.
White of Buffalo addressed an inquiry
to Geo. P. Porter, State Auditor, ask-'ent
ing him to state exactly what the ov
erdraft was on the General Fund of
the State of Montana on
January 1st, I
In reply, he received the fol
'Dcar Sir:—In response to your in
quiry I beg to state that the overdraft.
on the state of Montana January 1st, i
1921 was $1,257,869.02, as per the
books and records in this office.
Vcry truly yours,
State Auditor.
'Hon. B. C, White, State Senator,
Buffalo, Montana.
... ., , . . ,
1st S t° n Ï r ' Hry
Imoumin* *ml , W T ry,iU,t
"'X ! , ù I. 1 ' " * Urplu * U ' Vy '
J ** n Created für
fori^T the stat,r M T ,um
j , * Um ; 8,1 of L the
!* tMr *' Lansferred to the General !
, was ala0 ?ld00 ' <K>0 i« ,
i fund leviwi after the various
^ 8r had ceased, Th.s amount
^ as «-kew.se transfarred to the gener-'
8 f " nd ' 80 that in real,t y the «ver
™ January 1st, 1921 was less than
three lIuarten ' of a dollars.
Lenersl Fund Levy Increased |
In ortl ' ir to provide sufficient rave- j
nue to run the «tat« government and !
to take up the floating indebtedness at
that time, the people in 1920 authorm
ed an increase in the general levy
one mill on every dollar's worth of pro-.
perty in the state, for the benefit of
of the general fund. This additional
levy produced during the
22-23 additional
years 1921
revenue for the slate.
amounting to $1,298,607.
New and Special Taxes
"The legislature of 1921 also
posed a general tax on coal, crude oil,
Cement, gasoline and increased the
mill and a half on net proceeds of the
mines. The fees of the
were doubled.
were collected H f ° m o, TÙ * ources
were collected during the three year
period above named $1,266,000. This
together with the increase of the gen
eral levy amounts to over $2 600 000
of new revenue for the state Remem
ber this all went into the state treas
5 no part of which found its
Into any of the counties,
have enabled the state administration
to pay up the three quarters of a mil
lion indebtedness which it found and
It should
keep the state on a cash basis.
"But what do we find In the
ord 7 We find that on the 80th day of
of June, 1924 the general fund
overdrawn $3,596,568.46, an increase
in the overdraft of the general fund of
more than $2,500,000 in three and u
half years of the present administra
This is the record.
These figures have been used
stump and in the press for some time,
and they have never been rfuted, and
no one has ever challenged their cor
rectness. They show that since the
nresent administration the burden of
taxes has incrased abnormally, and
that the indebtedness has likewise in
creased. The general fund of the
state is overdrawn more than $3,500,
000 and will probably be overdrawn
four million before the end of the
"If elected governor I will conduct
the business of the state on a cash
hag's, psvir.g as we go, and will wipe
out the present general fund indebt
edness of $3,596,000 during my ad
ministration and this without any in
crease in your taxer, I have been
challenged to tell how I ran make
this saving I accept the challenge,
Under the expenditure called State
(Capitol Boards, Commissions and De
pnrtment*, the figures under th* pres
administration for the three and
« half years is $473,315,66. In the
event nf my election as governor I
W 'H t ut the expenses of these depart
men ts and give you the same service
as you received under the previous
administration. The cost of running
elective offices under the present ad
mi nistr«tion is $136,017.16 greater
than lt WUH under lhv toevlou* "dmin
i8rution ' An lontr uh1 am on the
Büard ,,f Kxunl >ners. I will reduce
thoH '' ex tonditure« 1» a reasonable fig
ure '
,bttt Governor Stewart Conduct
I invite your attention to the
ed the state government for the three
and a half year period from July 1,
1017 t» December 31, 1920 under a
"l expndilure of $10,840,626.56;
while it costs the present administra
tien to run the governmen) for the
same length of time January 1. Bf2l
to June 30, 1924 a total o t $13,224,
0 82 Thi() ,, „„ incmia# of $2 ,584,
165.26 under the present administra
ljon< Governor Stewart ran the gov
Krnmcnt umler th , handicap of peak
of war prieeg) whi , e the J)resenl ad .
min i»tration had the advantage of the
(ie clininfir prices of everything pur
(chl4od by the stMe . By , imply ho i d .
ing the state expenditures down to
the Stewart expenditures, the general
fund debt can he wiped out and a large
sum applied to other funds in four
"I have been charged with being
favored by the big interests of this
state. If this means that in the event
of my election as governor 1 will treat
the corporations of this slate, fairly
and justly, treat them the same as I
do the farmer, the laborer and the
small business man, well and good
But if they mean that I will be the
plain tool of certain big corporations
of this state, then I hurl the dirty
charge back into their teeth and ask
tbenl ^ exam j ng my aB a c j b .
ixen of Montana, which is
" F ° r thirty year * 1 have livod ln 8
* ma11 t ° W " in "«Hhwestern Montana,,
pr8Cti " inK my P rofeMion in • n'o^e«
1 W " y- Farm '' n, and lab «rer» and small
business men have been my clients
Four years ago I was selected chair
an open 1
,n .* f,ffht with an empty treMury "
with half of the Democratic party de
serting its standard and we went
man of the State Central Committee
and with my assiiciates fought a los
ductl "8 a campaign that resulted in
the election of Burton K. Wheeler to •
the l,enut «- 1 have "«ver bad the
much-talkcd-of big corporations for
my clients—I have never rendered
them any service, I have never
with the party to defeat and disaster.
Again two years ago I was continu
ed as Chairman and assisted in eon-
, ed 8ny Km °l ume to from them, and am
1 to ° oId m,w to * el1 my * oul an * m V
integrity to any interest or any cof^
"I expect to play he game to the
ns I believe I will be, I serve notice
years, and if I am elected governor,
ns I heliev I will be, I serve notice"
now that I will assume the duties of
the high office with out any strings
to it.
these come with poor grace from one
who was made United SUte Senator,
and who four years ago was elect
ed tovemor of this state by the very
interests to which he charges I be
(Continued on page 10.)
In any event such charges

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