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f : c * / TOILS IN MINES' or BUTT - t_^ V A 5V £ T tjfc A-Clvl or PEnepECTi OP ELECTRICITY IN DEEP VEIN MI MINO IS UNENPINO i ' -ST*] , fri US mm iL 2X00 rt. bNDgftcdtouND h» acts bcfort i or WgATMFB'OH TOP BY PMOHff_ V '• f*' tT* , V ,iiy ' *w 1 . Wm ■m '■ ; ■ ï<f '% I * c*0»t fc^fCTitMT À ONE HORSE- VO WER MOTOR OF CARLVDAYS V/ORl-D'*? fiarecT 1 MINC CABLE JvtODEfcN STORAGE* BATTTRY LOCOMOTIVE RTCHP^GING STATIOH * * * JS&S ~ î t 3 COPPER. CABLES, 3(, STRAN0S t CAMBRIC Jute ACM APTURED In the waters of the Missouri, the Mad Ison, or the Clark Fork of the Columbia, as chance may have had it, a fetter ed giant has been led captive, In bonds of wire, across the mountain tops, conducted Into the mines of Butte and assigned to his tasks. Held In leash by miles of steel-wrapped cables, as thick as tropical grapevines, immune from destruction by fire and Imper vious to the action of acids, the giant •does the work of 35,000 horses in shifts, levels, sumps and on the sun face ns well. Should occasion demand It, he can do the work o< 00,000 horses or more without straining at the task. This wonder-working giant bears the name of "Electric Current." In mining and metallurgical oper ations the principal factor Is power; tower to operate drills; power to trans port the ore through the drifts to the shafts ; power to hoist the ore to the surface; power to convey It to the amelters; power to separate the metal > content from the waste; power to Mine the metals; power to pump the c ,ne water needed for metallurgical pur poses ; power to perform every possible operation In a manner that will save abor, speed up production and reduce CT'VS Tbt Montana mines of the Anaconda Copper Mining Company are using 85,000 electrical horse power. If sup plied by steam, the cost now would he three time that of electricity. In fact, the mines of Butte could not now oper ate If they had to rely solely on •team. The A. C. M. electrical department bas charge of 246 locomotives, 500 ven tilation fans, 27 air compressera, 20 Colony Brooders For Poultry Raising Changes in the method of housing and management of poultry, made necessary by the great increase in chicken brooder mortality and soil contamination poultry diseases, were discussed recently by Prof. J. S. Car ver head of the poultry husbandry de partment of the State College of Washington. He said jn part: "The common method of brooding chickens on the west coast is to brood large units of 1,000 or over, in a per manent brooder house built or* cement or wooden posts. A house of this size—30 or 40 ft. long and 16 ft. wide—is large to move and so must be used in the same location year after year. "Experience has taught us that chickens running out on the same area of ground each year soon con taminate the soil, and that even care ful cultivation of the soil, cropping, liming, etc., do not secure soil free of contamination and disease for the chickens. "The two parasites that cause the most trouble are coccidiosis and in testinal round worms. Their life cycle requires that they live in the aoil for one stage of their develop ment. As parasites they arc very re eistant, and live from one year to another in the soil. Every year these two diseases cause million dollar loses to poultrymen. "The beat method of combating the aoil contamination disease, is to use a m I* ' : ■**£. \ t CAMBRIC' LEfto / T STEEL WIRE LEAD COATED Jute ■ motor generators, 3d shaft pumps, ■ over 50,000 horsepower In electrical motors, an elaborate signal system, a lighting system covering many miles of underground, w It h Innumerable lamps, a number of electric hoists, storage batteries, machine tools, heat ing apparatus, over 100 miles of lend or steel cable, other miles of an over head system, operates three repair shops—and still finds time to devote to the development of new electrical equipment and methods. When electricity was Introduced Into the Butte mines home wiring methods were used, In which the ma terials and devices were so crude as to make It impossible to deliver the cur rent at anywhere near maximum safety and efficiency. Working to overcome these handi caps, Insure the safety of men and pro tect the mines, Butte electricians have found It advisable to devise cables of iimnxlng construction, three and one half inches thick, weighing 15 pounds to the foot, and costing $10,50 per yard. As a farther means of safety, they have bored diamond drill holes through the solid rock down to the ligjqp WV tf rtv* High O" to carry these cables to the pump motors. Aa an additional precaution against trouble, two additional cables are anchored and surrounded In the shaft by concrete, attention being given to their complete Isolation from other power cables In every Instance, The electric cables are so construct ed that add can not harm them nor any fire not up to smelting heat make an Impression on thçm. AU the Important power cables un derground terminate in truck type switch boards. This was an English Invention but Butte was among the very first to adopt It for mining awr larger area for brooding chickens, and rotate the chickens on fresh land each year. A three years rotation of crops with three separate ranges will give the chickens land that has been rasted from chickens for at least two years, " Necessarily the unit number of, chickens brooded must be smaller, and the brooder house must be of the mov able colony type to be easily moved to new locations from time to time. The poultry department of the col lege recommends the following plan for brooding chickens in movable col of''.' houses, 0 r a 62-lnch coal burning brooder stove will hover 260 to 350 chickens economically in this house. The nom have found semi-anthracite coal eco nomical for use in the coal burning brooders. The price is f 16 a ton. For early brooding east of the mountains a portable cool room built in four sec tions is advisable to protect the chick ens from strong southwest winds and "A 10x12 colony brooder house built on two 4x6 skids is the type of house recommended. This is a shed roof house with a single board floor and covered with roofing paper on the out side. It is ventilated in front by two 80-inch square window* that ara hinged to drop in, and a sliding muslin curtain in the ceater of the front. A summer ventilator in the rear and a door on the aide provide for ventila tion during the warm day* t.f -»minerJ A blue-flame colony brooder stove ber to be brooded will depend on the season. A large number can be brood ed later in the season when they can run out of doors on green range. We vice, because this type of control Is the last word In safety. The electric locomotive Is another Butte adaptation. The history of the underground locomotive Is contained n the story of Its development In the Butte mines. Butte has now turned "thumbs down" on the overhead trolley and al ready has installed sixty storage-bat tery locomotives. The department Is now working toward push-button con trol for the operation of all motor in stallation thus farther Insuring safety for the workers. The cables for the motors which drive the ventilation funs 1« another Butte Idea. These copper power-cur rying wires are Imbedded In a eoattng more than an Inch thick, of which at least 40 tier cent Is virgin rubber. These cables cost 55 cents a foot and the normal amount required for additional fan Installation Is 10,000 feet each month. The Annconda's telephone system la of the most up-to-date character. The Bell people thought ao much of It that they published a description and pho tographs In their annual. It extends throughout the mines, with 212 sta tions. The story of a miner on the 2,800 level calling up hla home on the flat to Inquire: "How I» the weather on top?" was no flight of fancy. The electric signal systems. In use In all the mines for dispatching mine cages, has been adjudged the best by mining men in all parts of the world and is now standard (n a great many large mines throughout the United States, which outranks all other coun tries In the application of electricity for mining. The electrification of the Anaconda company's properties will never be permanently completed, for the reason that the effort further to add to the comfort and safety of the workers by adapting electricity to the mining and metallurgical process wherever poe alble to unending. However, wonderful progress has been, and to being, made at this task, In which Montana for many years has led the entire electrical world. to shelter the ground from snow, This type of house is inexpensive to build, simple in construction, and can be moved instantly in ease of soil con lamination. Plans and specifications can be secured from the college poul try department, u , TroJ . N v ,, n „|,| 0( i „ church committee »icptiteii to purelmse » etcll to make a decision without Hie expense of a trip to n,e factory. Slor, With ■ Moral Once there waa a captain of a boat He didn't like his job. In the same boat was an engineer. He didn't like his job. They got to talking. And each thought the other fellow'* i°h was alright. So they traded. begrimed perspiring freely, * c,r> *• raa ^ e er 8°> be admitted 10 the engineer. The captain went below. The engineer went to the wheel. And the boat moved off. Finally the captain came on deck, "I expected as much," said the en 8> ne « r - " s be s aground.' Moral: (Write in lesson learned here). Would Waive the Wav««. "They ought to put a «top to It." said young Mr* Tomk'tai, who had been to n lecture on radio "The Idea 0 j scattering all those messages Indls crlminately through ihr *\r we hrea'he it ni'-s> ' * Test Bell by Telephone Listening hy long distal»*'.- telephone fron* Boston to the tailing of several < - V >r> , Ù%*\\ ■Vil. U> P!ï % • *( I? ♦ *h Temptations 1 .% Co»jni*ln. (IN, by C h ill Baker Äa CONCERNING SALUE Sallio Is a modern, pretty youu ; t ; . ». »et, w..u ait the emotions and desires you yourself had when you were at that glorious age that lie. omewhere between sixteen and twenty-five. Sallie is everywhere. The eyes f the world are upon the ultimate outcome of her moral code. la she going o weaken her creed of right and wrong and stretch her philosihpy to that if the girls who have a "good" time? Your little girl ia just where Sallie is. She must decide for herself. They are ail Sallies at heart. Sallie'a experience, put down truthfully from the pa^ea of her life, may help yonr Sallie's. Each chapter is com olele in itself. Read it this week. You will enjoy it.—Editor. THE NEW SALLIE PUZZLES CURTISS Coming back from St. Augustine Jurtiss Wright was strangely quiet, Several time* I tried to break in upon his meditation, but ha answered me in monosyllable« and I knew his thoughts were distant. Before alighting from the car he urned to me and said slowly: "I've been thinking, Sallie, that it would be better for me to clear out until your father has completely recovered and work on the settlement can be fin ished. "Walter Hull and his wife have in vited me on a hunt at their lodge near Orlando," he continued. "I hadn't thought of accepting, but -" I said nothing. "Anything NOW is better than be ing my guest, is that the idea?" I interrupted. ' It isn't quite fair of you to say that and under the circumstances I believe you understand why 1 am leav ing." "I don't understand anything," I pouted* "I suppose Anne Coddlington will lie accompanying you on this sort of house-party-in-the-woods arrange ment." "I haven't asked her, but they told me to bring some girl along with me, and if you really think that she'd en joy it, perhaps I shall pass on to her the invitation." I was furious and a rising sense of loneliness crept over my whole being. He must have felt my unhappiness, for he reached over and took both my hands in his, saying very gently: "I know YOU don't want to go, Sallie. IT'S going to be rough—the worse kind. There'll be no hot water nor any sort of fluffy-ruffles. Just simple and wholesome, not even a drop of liquor. "Oh, but I'd love and adore it. I'm so-o-o-o tired and sick of everything and everybody. Please, please take|^' me with you." The words came in pleading cadence, swiftly tumbling one after the other. "What!" he exclaimed, "the most sought-after belle in the South beg ging to go on a camping party? A girl with more scalps at her slender waist-line than a Princess, wanting to go and leave all the suitors and gay times for a whole week where you'll have to live the sweet and simple?" "But I'm wild about shooting!' lied glibly, not daring to tell him that my only oxporience had been with clay pigeons at a State Fair shooting gal lery. But right then and there I de termined to show Curtiss Wright I was as good a sportsman as Anne Coddington—if it killed me. All was idleness within the camp that morning. Men and women sat in little groups together, chatting and smoking. There was a spirit of sat isfaction in the air that was con tagion*. The morning needed no set plans to mar its perfection of freedom. In the open spaces the sunlight was a glistening veil that caraaoad the green grasaes and sami-tropical fol iage, and, not satisfied with the ca ress. hovered in wave* that were poised and restless. The shaded places were mossdraped vistas, bowers with dapples of gold dancing on the carpet of shadows, as the leaves above were lifted and bouy ed by a breeze that was wine-like in its languor, yet zestful in its exhilsra tion. I hawk might come again today. He had an unobstructed view of the high perch, unoccupied. Curtiss sat alone, brooding. Then he left his place, returning quickly with a rifle. He entered the slightly discernable path and 1 knew he was on his way to the little stream where he had gone every morning while the others waited for the dogs' arrival, I followed. The grass swishing about his ankles prevented him from hearing my footstep*. 1 saw him stop at a giant oak and I saw his gaze fix itself on aome feathers across the tiny stream. Pity claimed him. He was seeing again the sylvan tragedy of the day before. The hawk's swift swoop, the struggle of the wood-thrush , it* song strangled by the clawing talons, the majestic sweep of the bird of prey as ho Hfted his inert victim to the high )• 'riches. He saw no mitre. He had urned away from the rest. Yes. There wore tha feathers; the Hia eyes were trained upon that dead, bare limb where he expected the feathered marauder, was one of sun-flecked leaves am flashing rays of brilliance smote hi His visio eyes obliquely. Some minnows dis ported in the stream, and their bright sides glistened. His rifle lay by his side, his hand' having slid from it. He did not star, when I sat beside him, but acted as if be had rather expected me to follow. I'm sorry," I said softly. I don't know what you mean," he feplied, looking at me intently, "hut *'*' on * haven t been able to figure you ollt fi ' nc< ' *be hunt started. I thin!-: Y 011 " r -' tensing, and yet you seen moi.» demure, mora honest, somehow even your eyes are larger and mon open. Right at this moment then is no twinkle, only the wavering depths of sincerity. A new Sallia." "And you don't think I'm a fraua coming here under false pretenses.' "Oh, tha*,," he reminisced, smiling slightly, "I knew' you couldn't shoot, and that's why you've been even more of a brick to put up with all tiie rough and tumble and not kick about it." "I told the others we wouldn't go along with them today. I felt like I HAD to be alone with you, Curtiss." (To be continued) ETIQUETTE mm L*r r v y * f* ^ -4 Dear Miss Flo: After the death of a ' n K ■ me ? parent should children wear mourn (2) If ao, for whit period of (3) Should they use mourn ing stationery? F. A. Children never wear black upon the death of a parent. A child of fourteen fifteen or sixteen may wear lavenders, grays and white. A child under those ages should wear white, relieved, if desired, with a touch of lavender. Chil dren never use mourning stationery. Neither do they carry handkercihefs bordered with black. Dear Miss Flo: Is it proper for the bride to throw her bouquet among her bridesmaids after the wedding? I would like to keep mine, but do not wish to do so if it is considered poor form. (2) Should the bride remove her gloves before the ceremony? A girl friend of mine, recently married, says that it is not good form. She said that one finger of the glove should be ripped open and the ring sliped on. Kindly advise me. R. G. It is not necessary for the bride to throw her bouquet unless she wishes to. It is a pretty custom, but not at all compulsory. (2) _The bride should remove her glove from her left hand only as she enters the church. She may give it to her maid of honor when ehe hands her the bou quet. The custom of ripping one finger of the glove has never been popular with people of good taste. Dear Miss Flo: (1) While a girl is out with an escort is it proper for her to put her arm around him while he is driving the car? (2) If you meet a boy on the street, how should you greet him? 8) While a girl is out with a young man is it proper for her to kiss him if he asks her to? Thank you. Any démonstration of affection in public is very poor taste. (2) There is really no set rule regarding the cor rect manner in which to greet a friend. The "hello" which one naturally calls to a very good friend in the smaller town would be very improper in the larger city, and vice-versa. Any greet ing that it conspicuous is not good form. A quiet, cordial geeting is all that is necessary. (8) A lady never kisses a gentleman unless she is en gaged to him, and the real gentleman will not embarass her by requesting Thank you. TWINS. it. News in Verse You cannot sing the old songs, You have been singing, Joe. The installment man came round to- j day And took our radio. RICHARD LLOYD JONES says » V ) Heed Your Call / '"ft. < TUe Aral «matt lu life Ih to tliul one'« self No man U ln|ii1|>) r I t„ make food until he baa found Ida own road to service. The liu|/..l-v to do a noble deed and to be honored by men la the key to asiuratiou. 1« •rery disappointed heart there lurka this latent deal re Brmrj man la looking for hla chance and world raata with hla capacity to see hla chance man's fixed place In the „ . , , - and seize it. H a who Ps stota tha call to do the high and noble thing lives to merci. P««* * «bo ra placed before each man a worthy work to iIm. The world meaaorea him by hla traatment of that call, n ne do<haa tt^a world tbtaka UtUe Of him. If he accepts It he Is estreued, *• T * 0 * - ■ came to Joan of Arc she did not __ — **..** «■*■ Me eOBactance because she bud sheeti IW o wo re othara wha mid fulfill that duty but there Itel Mold iloa to tha naada of France. U"* fcMr# tha «all to make the world glad with "flfjf* taltttla* ]roe «than to do that she might alng. that he might servo bis country bett than by making furrows in tha held. He who feela the call to preach la untrue to himself If he holds him oelf to the p*ow, but ha la aa untrue to himself which he can handle to the good of himself sud aud attempt* to preach without a call. The world la Just aa much In need of good salesmen . »Ingers, U is a high art to lie a true and useful merchant facturer. Before every man there la n( least one road open to the high work of helping hla fellow men It matters little If that call lie l*ehind the counter or behind the plow, behind the pulpit or liefere the lathe He who Hilda the road to human service uml takes that road U be who responds io the call. Copyright, 10113. by lllehard Lloyd Jones, to tend. who deserts the plow to the good of men as of rood or mano Î How Sure Are You \ that the title to your real prop erty is good— 0. J. SIMMONS ABSTRACTER s » I X * ■ l - :■ t ♦ : * V' •j* î 4 4 I t a 4 • * WE STILL HAVE A COMPLETE ASSORTMENT Of Sleds, Skates, Skis and : - 1 4 I t 4 i > JEFFERY HARDWARE CO. 4 * : L -'-HT AND POWER FURNISHED LIGHTING SCHEDULE t A b Class . e c _a •A. 21 41 8) 1« 11 I U> to to to to 40 80 1M 20 Nu« her of lamps _ 10 Kwhra. Class I..-. . 0 to 26 20 to 50 51 to 100 101 ta 200 5 .Ml ta MO 6 .Ml ta 400 _401 to >00 8 ..Ml ta 800 9 ..Ml ta 1000 18......and over 1000 MNIMUM RATE $1.50 PER MONTH Rata 15 H« 14** 18*« UM« UM« IBM« 13t lS*c 14c 14*c 12c 12*e l$c lt*c "Ile 11 Vi« 12c 12*e 10c lOVje 11c 11 Vit 9c 9*e 10c 10*e 8c 8*c 9c 9*c 8« 8*a 15c 14c 2 18B S ISc 4 lie tic •M« 9c 7. •M« 8c 7*c TM« 7c «c CM« Watch Your Meter, Economy Is Wealth. A Satisfied Canto te r io Our Best Advertisement. Electric Cooking. Rate 4c per kwhr. Minimum rate $1.50 per montk Power motors under 10 horse power. Laundry and dry cleaner's irons. Charging storage batteries. Advertising signs. Rate—6c per kwhr. Minimum rate $1.50 per month. Power Motors 10 horsepower and over. Rates furnished on application. * NORTHWESTERN IMPROVEMENT CO.