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R&pjvii&L in WASHINGTON By Walter Shead WNU Correspondant Labor 'Invades' Agriculture WNU Washington Bureau 621 Union Trust Building. which have T ABOR organizations ■*- j/ inched their way into the field of agriculture over vigorous protest of agricultural organizations are now planning enlargements of these labor beachheads already gained, according to indications here. So alarmed has the Farm Bureau federation become over latest reports of labor en croachment into the farm field, that they are preparing to go before congress and ask for preventive legislation, proba bly similar to the Hobbs bill which passed the house in 1942, but which died in the senate. This measure brought labor organizations within the terms of the federal anti-racketeering act. This latest point of conflict is an other outbreak between farmers on the eastern seaboard, particularly in the Philadelphia and the Teamsters Union, AFL, which is seeking to bring farm workers driv ing farmers' trucks into the team sters union. In some instances farm ers' trucks have been stopped and the unions have charged an "unload ing fee" where the drivers have been non-union. The house agricul tural committee is expected within a few weeks to start hearings on complaints of farmers and revive the "hot cargo" investigation of 1942 which exposed union practices in the food industry. It is reported that some of the farm-to-market truckers have been required to pay union fees as high as $56 to unload perishable foods. The farm bureau contends that this practice is an interference with the movement of food to market, will be ruinous to crops and trade and will diminish supplies to con sumers in a period in which food supplies are critically needed. Farm Leaders Apprehensive Farm leaders are apprehensive of what may happen when and if John L. Lewis, head of the miners union, makes his peace and is received back into the American Federation of Labor. When that happens, and predictions are that it will happen soon, the labor organizations are ex pected to expend real money to finance union expansion. Milk drivers in the dairy indus try, workers in canneries and proc essors in fruit and other perish ables, fruit pickers, hop workers and some others already unionized constitute the beachheads or spring boards from which further attempts to organize agricultural workers and farmers may proceed. It will be recalled that the indefatigable Mr. Lewis boasted that he would organize the agricultural workers of the nation into unions and farm boast was all bluff. The contention is made here that if the labor unions can force farm workers who drive farm-to-market trucks to join the teamsters union, why cannot they force drivers of tractors or combines or any other farm machinery to join a ma chinists union or some other labor union? Teamsters Very Active The teamsters union has been particularly active since the 1942 de cision of the Supreme court which bers of a New York local who had forced out-of-state trucks to hire a union member as a "guest" driver at $8 to $9 per truck. As a result of this decision Representative Mike Monroney (Dem., Okla.) intro duced a bill to amend the Clayton anti-trust law to repeal the exemp tions labor unions enjoy under the law. He didn't get very far with the bill. But he has now reintroduced the bill aimed primarily at collusive practices and it is before the house judiciary committee. Representa tive Hobbs (Dem., Ala.), has also reintroduced his measure, which has received approval of the house judiciary committee, and the meas ure is now pending before the house. "Not only have the unions at tempted to force farmers to join them, but they have threatened to boycott processors and distributors who handle the farmers' products," one farm leader said. "We intend," he continued, "to use every resource we have to pro tect the farmers against this inva sion of our rights and to obtain legis lation which will outlaw such union practices." Every fiber of the traditional independence of farmers rebels at the thought of being forced into unions, or of being forced to pay union fees for the pur pose of trucking their produce to market, according to farm leaders here, and they will fight every attempt of the unions to organize the farm workers. They do not believe unionism will work on the farms and that the unions will defeat the very purpose of the farm organiza tions themselves which have been built up. Kathleen Norris Says: Returning Husband Brings Tragedy Bell Syndicate.—WNU Features. =\ t $ rÉÊmû * IK - j. lS'* / y/M e & i A wj / I ' \ «& \ ET 7 71 v \ w i" POV'- RyAM «V a/. ?/ I 4; //7 / t "She has loved Peter all her life. He is her ideal of a husband and father. He loves little Bob as if he were the child's own father and he idolizes Baby Mollie." claim, By KATHLEEN NORRIS ERE is a real puzzler and a sad tragedy, too. I am at a loss what to advise Rosamond Kay, who writes me a charming letter from East St. Louis. Her's is of those problems that H one can be solved only in her own heart — she must weigh the claims of the two men in her life, one against the other, and decide which is the real was married seven She was then 20. Rosamond years to Robert. She loved him very truly and when he was numbered officially among the dead in Tunisia, she grieved for Then she married many months. Peter. By Robert she had a son, now five years old; by Peter she has a daughter, just one year old. Rosa mond is 31. She writes me that her heart aches for Robert, coming hosrie tired and sad after a long and agonizing imprisonment and ness. Peter all her life, of a husband and father. He loves little Bob as if he were the child's own father and he idolizes Baby Mollie. Rosamond has to meet Robert in a week or two, and she doesn't know what to do, for Robert is living and coming home to re join his wife and child. ill But she says she has loved He is her ideal Pete's Finer in Every Way. "He has my letter now explaining the situation," writes Rosamond. "It was a terrible letter to write. I was prostrated with the shock of know ing that the man who was actually ghost to me was coming back. These years with Peter have been the more successful man, the more popular, the finer in every way. 'Robert is of a moody, jealous na ture. He was always unhappy if I took Bob to visit my mother; he dis liked my having guests in the house; he made enemies in his business. We had not been married long be fore I spent many hours in tears and doubt and realized the extreme dif ficulty of the path I had chosen. To emerge from all this into the secu rity and joy of Peter's companion ship, his enthusiasms and plans, was come out into the sunlight - after a a time of shadows. I really had mourned Robert; I was genuinely shocked by his reported death, but after that I learned what true mar ried felicity can be. "Now as to the children—Bob is shy, affectionate little fellow who clings to me. He has all but re covered physically from a bad ses sion with infantile paralysis, but it has left him dependent and nerv ous. He dearly loves Mollie, who is a fat, riotous, laughing little tyrant already. I cannot bear to separate them and yet it is inconceivable that I should take Mollie to Robert's house. Robert, as a matter of fact, has no house, no job, and not a sin gle living relative. Also I must say that he always was devoted to Bob by and Bobby to him, although nat urally the small boy hardly remem bers him now. Still Robert's Wife. "I know," the letter concludes, "that Peter and I are not legally married. I am still Robert's wife. Shall I return to him? Or shall I ask him for a divorce and turn him over to lonesomeness and perhaps heartbreak? In letter I said. y /7 > <! / 'V/ VP \J *J.\ PS / \ /// 'Bob is shy, affectionate, clinging. . . ." 'ENOCH ARDEN' DILEMMA Fortunately only a few wives ever have to make the decision that Rosamond must. It is the "Enoch Arden" plot—the sup posedly dead husband returns to find his wife married, and happier than she had ever been with him. Robert was reported dead by the war department during the Tunisian campaign. Many months later Rosamond mar ried Peter, a fine man she had known all her life. She already had a son five years old. Now she has a baby daughter, Mol lie, who resembles her father, Peter. This little family is quite happy together. Peter is successful, jolly and affection ate. Robert has a moody and jealous disposition, Rosamond nevertheless rea lizes that Robert is really her husband, and that he has every right to her. The shock of losing her, after the hitter years of fighting, and the mis ery of life in a German prison camp, is almost unbearable to Robert. He is coming home soon, and Rosamond will have to face him. She doesn't know what to do. The thought of giving up the delightful life she is now leading to return to a war-weary, jobless man, who at best was inferior to her present husband, is almost maddening. Yet she knows her duty, and can see no de cent way out. ( Come home and we will adjust all these matters. You will see your adorable boy and believe me, you are welcome despite these strange circumstances.' I hardly could say less. He has been fighting to pro tect these same babies from the hell that was Nazi Europe. His answer ing letter takes it for granted that I still love him—perhaps in a pity ing, sorrowful way I do. Peter will only say to me, 'We must do what is right.' What, in your opinion, is right?" Poor Rosamond! This is a heart breaking situation. To return to Robert is more than can be expected of poor human flesh and blood. She might make the effort, but to be poor again, hard-working again, separat ed from her laughing baby, miss ing Peter—there is a daily, hourly immolation that would call for su pernatural graces of an unusual kind. Robert's jealousy and moodiness add one more difficult note to a dif ficult position. Robert is not apt to give up his place generously, wher he sees Rosamond's happiness oi suspects it. He will not subside into the amiable family friend, willing to accept the overflow from the com pletely felicitous household. So I only can recommend prayer to Rosamond. God's ways are not our ways. There are unexpected twists and turns and changes in any domestic crisis that can remove from it all the bitterness and ran cor. There is a certain mysterious rightness and smoothness about the curing of those ills that are taker to God in prayer. That is the one unfailing answer. Have a Savings Plan For the first time since World War I many farm families are receiving incomes sufficient to provide some thing above necessary living ex penses. These larger incomes may not continue many years into the postwar period. Certainly we nan expect lower farm prices and in comes within a few years after the close of the war. To save successful ly for the inevitable "rainy day," we need to make definite but simple plans and goals for savings and in vestments for the future. r off GmmAND fi/CE^ S EVERAL old-time ball players have suggested that the public at large should not judge Hank Greenberg in the same light some of the other ex-servicemen who have returned to make good. Two of those mentioned were Fer riss and Benton. "Remember," one of these said, "Ferriss and Benton had a chance to play a lot -uirf ll h- i I baseball before they were released from service. Any num ! ber of star ball I players have been I playing on army I navy teams. But Greenberg has played practically no baseball for over four years. That's a long gap. I recall that old Pete Alexander I j Hank Greenberg came back from the A.E.F. to keep on going at a winning clip, but old Pete was only out of the game year or less. It will be remarkable Hank can start hitting home runs right away. Even close to his old form he could murder a lot of these pitchers now around, but it will take time." This brings up the old argument again regarding Joe Louis. Joe has been away over three years. But after all he has had the chance to box in a long list of exhibitions for various camps and hospitals. This isn't the same as actual ring fighting, but at least it has given the heavyweight champion a chance to keep his hand in. The same is true of Billy Conn. They probably won't be what they used to be—but they can still get back into pretty fair boxing and punching form, if they happen to get out before too long. With the heavy play both army and navy are now making on the side of sport for servicemen in Eu rope and the Pacific, their chances for any sudden exit are none too warm. Army and navy have made plans to get all the coaches and trainers they can collect and to build up as many all-star contests as they can find—especially in the way of box ing, baseball and football. These are the three top sports that carry the leading soldier and sailor ap peal. although basketball also has a terrific call. Louis and Conn I asked Jimmy Johnston, sage of the leather district, how he figured Louis and Conn would go after re turning to the ring. "First of all," he said, "just tell me when they are going to get out. That's important. If it takes much longer I'd say some tough young heavyweight soldier will come along who won't be afraid to tear in and punch. He will also be younger and tougher. No, I don't know who he will be. But with all the boxing training hundreds of thousands of these kids have had, a few of them are sure to learn a lot and to have what it takes." "Just what does it take?" I asked. "Very simple," the sage said. "To know how to box, to know how to punch, to be able to take a punch. You see thousands of kids who might have been good fighters never had a chance to get any instruction before. They never had a chance to do any boxing. The big majority had no chance to be a champion, anyway. But there must be many others who are sure to move far up. This goes for every class. Some of our best ring fighters have been teaching thousands of these younger men. It is for this reason that I think we'll get most of our ring champions after the war out of this group." In this connection a friend of Joe Louis tells me that the heavyweight I leader now has his golf game down into the low 70s and expects to hold big July tournament over one of Detroit's municipal courses. It is much easier to get Louis to talk about golf and the golf swing than it is to lure many words from him about boxing or the heavyweight championship. Also, Bowman Milligan, manager of Beau Jack, reports that while the I lightweight's knee is still bother ing him, he is winning camp fights by quick knockouts. Beau Jack's present weight is over 145 pounds he will have his share of trouble training himself back into the lightweight division. But it won't be any great trouble | in most cases to remove surplus J flesh. The big gamble will be what the returning veteran can do with the flesh, bone and sinew he has j left, once he is down to weight. And there will be a flock of different an- ! to. this problem. a so swers A l Benton s Case There is, for instance, the case I A1 Benton of the Tigers. A1 is 6 j feet 4, 238 pounds, age 32. He served j two years in the navy. Many people will refer to his record as proof that service in the armed forces does not affect a player's ability, but Benton spent all his time at Norman, Okla., nad the position of athletic director, and about all he did was pitch. He had time to improve his curve ball and his slider, his main pitch today is this slider in fact of A Graceful Side Button Princess t > ✓>/ 7 '••/if p ! /<X : : yV as Jvy | \! of or v 1273 L 12-20 A 6 S3 y 7 M: . WJ j a ffl CIDE-BUTTON princess frock ^ with slim, graceful lines. Soft the neckline, side closing and pocket flaps. Make it in a bright checked fabric or frosty white, and add a huge flower applique in a contrast ing color. « * • Pattern No. 1273 is designed for sizes 12, 14, 16, 18 and 20. Size 14. short sleeves, requires 3Vz yards of 35 or 39-inch ma | terial; Va yard for flower applique, Due to an unusually large demand and current war conditions, slightly more time is required in filling orders for a few of the most popular pattern numbers. Send your order to: SEWING CIRCLE PATTERN DEPT. 530 South Wells St. Enclose 25 cents in coins for each pattern desired. Pattern No. Chicago .Size_ Name Address. Mouse Deer Even Noah would be startled by the little mouse deer, also called the chevrotain. Timorous infants of this species look like mice but adult specimens resemble goats as well as deer. One of the world's smallest ru minants, it ié only 12 inches high. The Buttle of Rubber Isn't Won! I 9 » 111 » I i I A * i * * •I» il ; i m It..**£>•** : ni I ■ ■■..... i '■ ■i Americans have yet to win the battle of rubber. The time when new tires will be plentiful is not in sight. Thus, your present tires are more precious than ever. You can safeguard them by having them recapped by the Firestone Factory Method. It's the same method that is used to retread tires for our armed forces — tires for trucks, passenger cars, ambulances and airplanes. For the best in music, listen to the "Voice of Firestone" every Monday evening over NBC network. ÎP GROUND GRIP TRACTOR TIRE $ 7; TRANSPORT TRUCK TIRE :• 7 ■ 7... 7; . : ■ 7:: ' •V: IS* n . II DELUXE CHAMPION PASSENGER CAR TIRE . 7 ; * ; n ■■■ lip » 1 » -7 ' ••; 7 : 1 TO : iê .7 w n oil ; m . :- ;: 7 : i : ;>7 V fcSk'i ;/ i 7, ; w * X JUJrtï H S S w Yellow ochre dissolved in boil ing water makes a lovely dye for muslin curtains. — • — As soon as you notice frayed or worn spots in garments, mend them. Small holes are easier to hide than large ones and worn spots can be kept from tearing if reinforced with mending in time. — a — Saw off the legs of an old wobbly card table to about 18 inches long, and use it as a play table for the children. It can be moved easily from room to room and taken also on trips. -—•— When making pies that are like ly to be juicy, cut the lower crust larger than the upper and fold over like a hem to prevent leak ing at the edges. a— In buying scissors, choose the best you can afford or can find. If you can have only one pair, those about 8 inches in length will be satisfactory for most uses. Small er scissors are handy for ripping seams, snipping, or cutting but tonholes, if you can possibly man age to have them. If you do much sewing, better invest in dress maker's or pinking shears. f ' BnH j-*"* Crisp/ j Irice kris.„, -The Grains Are Great Foods" — Kn 'Killuff j / j hole ripe grain / (j j O F ! j vrf n IL t ifM*r MlSPItS I Mif « 3 MXf Kellogg's Rice Krispies equal the whole ripe in nearly all the protective food elements declared W'jL essential to human nutrition. i FOR QUldk.REtlEF FROM ® TIRED, ACHY MUSCLES \\Sprains * Strains • Bruises • Stiff Joints \ TT ■ Highly-trained craftsmen will inspect and repair your worn tires, then apply the best tread rubber available. And you have the famous Firestone tread can designs — the Champion Gear-Grip for passenger cars, the Ground Grip for tractors, and the Transport for trucks. Call your nearest Firestone Dealer Store or Firestone Store today and have your tires checked. It will save you trouble and money later. Ripe tomato juice will removi fresh ink stains. Sprinkle a stubborn ribbon knot with talcum powder. Unties eas ier. Grease the spout of the pitcher when you use it for muffin or waffle batter. It will make pour ing smoother. — a — When the point of a steel wire bi urn wears down, saw off th« worn end and the brush will be as good as new. WM MAKE ■ 1 ICI CREAM At home —Any flavor — Delicious —Smooth — No ice crystals —No cooking —No re whipping—No scorched flavor —Easy — Inexpensive —20 Please send this ad for free full-size sam ple offer, or buy from your grocer. pes in each 15< pkg. LOnDOtlDCRRy Brand Homemade Ice Cream STABILIZER LONDONDERRY- 035 HOWARD. SAN FRANCISCO 3, CALIF.