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Official' Publication oi the National Nonpartisan League in the State of Montana
THE MONTANA NONPARTISAN VOLUME 1 GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, 8ATUi.DAY, DECEMBER 14, 1918. NUMBER 3 NATIONAL CONVENTION AT WORK S, "'V ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION, DRAFTED AND APPROVED GENEI "~~.'SIDENT APPEALS FOR VOTE OF MEMBERSHIP CHICAiGO WORKES COVL h..1ON TIP MITT OF FRATERNITY "PUT IT THAR" LEAGUE'S REPLY WORKERS OF CHICAGO BREAK AGE LONG SPELL OF "NO POLI TICS" BUNK AND WADE RIGHT IN-EXTEND GREETINGS TO NONPARTISAN LEAGUE AND CLEAR DECKS FOR ACTION LEAGUE REPLIES IN FRATERNAL STRAIN AND A JOINT COM BINATION WHICH LOOKS DANGEROUS TO AUTOCRACY AP PEARS-BOTH AGREE, THE WATER'S FINE. At the same time the delegates of the League from 13 states were meeting in St. Paul, the Chicago Federation of Labor was holding a con vention in that city representing 325,000 working men and women. The Chicago workingmen's convention, held under the auspices of the Chicago Federation of Labor, adopted a political and economic program of 14 points many of which correspond with the views of the Nonpartisan league. . The Chicago workingmen's conven tion sent greetings to the League con- , vention at St. Paul, and the League delegates appointed a resolutions com mittee of eight members who drew up the following resolution, which was adopted by the meeting and dispatch ed to the Chicago workingmen's con vention. Whereas, the 325,000 organized working men and women of the City of Chicago have voted unanimously to enter politics and wage an aggres sive campaign to wrest control of the city and state from the hands of Big Business and to procure the adoption of a program of fundamental econom ic reforms, and Whereas, the CHICAGO FEDERA TION OF LABOR has proposed to the ILLINOIS STATE FEDERATION OF LABOR a similar program of eco nomic reform, and has further pro posed that the farmers of Illinois be invited to join with labor in support of such program, and Whereas, the CHICAGO FED ERATION OF LABOR has adopt ed a platform called "Labor's Fourteen Points," which in many particulars squares with the pro gram of the organized farmers belonging to the Farmers NA TIONAL NONPARTISAN LEAGUE, and more specifically in its demands for public owner ship and operation of railways, steamships, stockyards, grain ele vators, terminal markets, tele graphs, telephones and all other public utilities, toghther with the nationalization and development of basic natural resources, and in its demand for "the elimination of wasteful methods and parasite middlemen and all profiteering in the creation and distribution of the products of industry and agriculture, in order that the actual producers may enjoy the fruits of their toil," and being in agreement with your demand for the liquidation of the national debt, and in its demand for the complete restoration, at the ear liest moment, of all fundamental political rights, free speech, free press and free assemblage, there fore Be it resolved, by the National com mittee of the NONPARTISAN LEAGUE in convention assembled, that we send out hearty greetings to the organized wage earners of Chi cago and of Illinois, and pledge to them our sympathy and co-operation in their efforts to consolidate and in crease the gains for true democracy and for justice to the workers and pro ducers. Unanimously approved by conven tion by: J. D. REAM, Nebraska DELL PATTERSON, North Dakota JENS HANSON, Montana M. L. AMOS, Kansas E. D. PAQUIN, Minnesota A. D. ENGLE, South Dakota O. M. Thomas, Idaho Resolutions Committee. FRAZIER AT WASHINGTON AT CALL OF PRESIDENT Bismarck, Nov. 22.-Governor Fra zier has wired to Washington assur ance that he would attend the nation al conference of governors to he held at Annapolis or Washington on De cember 16, 17 and 18, when the most important question to be considered will be the various states' plans for the reception and assimilation of their soldier boys upon the latter's return from overseas and from training camps. The conference will be ad dressed by President Wilson or some member of his cabinet, and it is ex pected to devise some concerted plan whereby American states may give their soldiers a material manifesta tion of their gratitude and regard when Johnny comes marching home again. The people, the great masses of people in this country, will never sit idly by and suffer pre-war conditions to return. And any group of men who pro pose to force such old conditions back upon the people will have to answer to the people. ITHE LEAGUERS WHO 01DD IT NAMES OF THE MEN WHO DRAFTED FORM OF ORGANIZA TION AND THUS WELDED THE LAST LINK ON THE LEAGUE'S ARMOR. When the delegate convention of " the Nonpartisan league was called to a order at 10 o'clock on December 3 t 1918, 45 men answered as present ' from 13 states. Under the articles of association the chairman of each state committee of the League was a delegate with voting power to this a 'national gathering, but the League, t owing to the importance of this meet- a ing, permitted the various state com mittees to send several delegates, some states being represented by the full state committee. Most of the states had their state managers pres ent, but the state managers had no voting power in the convention. The first roll call of the convention show ed the following men to be present from the various states, with the ex ception of a few of the state man agers all being members of the vari ous farmer state committees: Colorado-Tom Herrington, R. W. e Morser, J. M. Collins. Idaho-W. G. Scholtz, O. M. Tron ass, F. P. French, Riley Rice, C. W. Booth, James Gillespie. Iowa-W. H. Quist, F. A. Welp. r Kansas-R. L. Cooper, M. L. t Amos, J. L. Coates, J. O. Stevic. r Minnesota - Geo. Griffith, David Paquin, E. E. Johnson, Erick Ander- 4 son, ,C. F. Norwood. Montana-D. C. Dorman, A. F. McClain, Jens Hansen, R. J. Whitaker. ' Nebraska-Jesse R. Johnson, J. D. 1 Ream, D. S. Sheets, James Elliott, I Alfred Johnson, O. E. Wood. North Dakota-Axel Strom, L.. L. Stair, C. O. Swenson, Del Patterson, I E. A. Bowman, C. I. Cahill. Oklahoma-W. H. Johnson. South Dakota-O. S. Evans, Nath an Gorsuch, A. D. Engle, David Lov inger. Texas-M. M. Offutt, E. E. Wright. Washington-Alfred Knutson, J. L. Freeman. Wisconsin-Beecher Moore, E. J. Olmstead. POWER OF CORPORATIONS. The big corporations are still pow erful in Montana and never before were they so strongly entrenched as at the present time. But they are not so powerful as they themselves be lieve. They are powerful because they control the press, because they have their grip upon tens of thou sands of workingmen, because they have at their call numerous and oft entimes invisible hordes of flunkies and fawning sycopants, and hired at torneys and agents, and informers and gunmen. They are powerful be cause they command the best brains of the state, the men who stand high in the esteem of their fellows, in the churches, in society, while at the same time wicked and desperate men stand ever ready to do their dirty work from which their high-headed and well-trained attorneys shrink in horror. They are powerful because they are perfectly organized while the people are unorganized. They are powerful because the politicians, even those wl,o hate their methods and believe in fair play, consider them all powerful, equal to the task of crushing utterly any man who gets seriously in their way.-Missoula, (Mont.) New Northwest. "Due to the intense fight made on Mr. Towuley personally by enemies of the League and to the charges of League enemies and their hired Newspapers that Mr. Townley has been a dictator, he decided that before he would continie as Leader of the organi zation he would have a vote of confidence of the membership." - u mi mmmulesIIIIIIIIIIIIII1m lenmieansu ADOPT FIGHTING PROGRAM FOR RECONSTRUCTION League and Labor Take Matter Seriously A "fighting program" dealing with reconstruction measures and other national questions was unanimously adopted by the League representa tives from 13 states in St. Paul last week. First and most important, the re construction program demands jus tice for the returning soldiers and sailors who offered their lives to make the world safe for democracy and for a permanent world peace. Fighting Program. The "fighting program" de..ar., reconstruction measures that will eliminate industrial abuses and econ omic evils which stand in the way of equal opportunity for the returning soldiers as well as for every man and woman who has to earn his or her own living. The program declares for the maintenance of the present stand ard of earnings of labor and earn ings of primary producers such as farmers. A demand that employ ment be found for all eliminating un employment and its accompanying evils, on the return of the soldiers, is incorporated in the program. If necessary, it is declared that the government must inaugurate enter prises such as road building, forestry, timlber and fuel production, flood pro tection and land reclamation, as a means of averting unemployment due to the demobilization of the army and navy. In this connection also the res olutions declare for the setting up of soldiers and sailors, or others who have a small initial capital, as far mers on reclaimed or purchased lands, which these settlers can be per mitted to purchase on long time amortized payments. This part of the program does not contemplate plans for colonizing soldiers on the land in competition with existing far mers and under conditions which at present make farming unsafe and un profitable, but it does propose a of settlement under methods which have proved successful in Australia, New Zealand and recently on a small scale in California. Peace Program Positive The program declares for a final peace settlement of the world wA, which will in fact make the world safe for democracy by providing for a United States of the World or a league of nations aeeompanled b. armament and other measures that THE ORIGINAL PROGRAM 1. Exemption of Farm Improvements from Taxation. 2. Rural Credit Banks operated at cost. 3. State Terminal Elevators, Warehouses. Flour Mills, Stock Yards, Packing Houses, Creameries and Cold Storage Plants. 4. State Hail Insurance. 5. State Inspection of Do kage and Grading of Grain. 6. Torrens Land Title System. 7. Nonpartisan Elerion Law. 8. Equal taxation of Railroads, Mines, Telegraph. Telephone, Electric Light and Power Companies, and all Public Utility Corpora tions. 9. State Rural Telephone System operated at cost. NATIONAL DEMANDS 10. We demand that the government refuse to return to private hands ownership or operation of those public utilities onsned, oper ated or controlled by the government during the war. 11. We demand that the conscription of wealth begun by t he - government through Income and Excess Profit Taxes shall be con tinued and increased, that surplus wealth may be compelled to pay the money cost of the war. Il...II .llllll uIIIIIllIll li ll I lIl...........................llllt llllll illlllllitllIIIIIIIIIIIIIlllllll will eliminate militarism and all causes of war. National ownership or the railways and other public utilities, together with a continuation of the control over industries that wore brought under government supervision as the result of the war, are demanded. Complete enfranchisement of wo men is demanded, together with equal pay for equal services in the indus trial world. In order that farmers can obtain loans from the various states at cost, the government is asked to make loans to the state governments on state bonds, secured by mortgages upon real estate; and, in connection with the League's program for pub lic market places and state controlled marketing facilities, the government is asked to make loans to the state governments on real .and personal property of state owned utilities, en terprises or industries. An immediate abandonment of all interference with political rights of employes in the government service, together with the removal of the post office censorship, is demanded. As a means of paying the tremend ous war debt which the nation has contracted, the program proposes in come and inheritance taxes graduated upward from $5,000 until all incomes above $100,000 per year, and all in heritances above that amount shall be appropriated to pay the war debt. The restoration of rights of labor and civil rights taken away during the war must be returned at once is demanded. Suppress Speculation in Life Needs. The resolutions propose to elimi nate gambling and speculation in the necessities of life in the same man ner in which th government many years ago suppressed the Louisiana lottery. That is, it is proposed that the use of the mails, the telegraphs, the telephones, the express companies and the banks be denied for making sales of goods, properties, invest ments or securities except for direct delivery by the owner or his author ized agent, and that only specific securities be involved. This would deny gamblers, speculators and deal ers in options and futures the use of the means which they now use, and in the opinion of the farmer delegates would suppress this evil practice. REFERENDUM OR NOTHING TOWNLEY TELLS CONVENTION OF LEAGUERS WHI ELECT HIM TOWNLEY RE-ELECTED BY UNANIMOUS CHOICE, REFUSES TO ACCEPT WITHOUT REFERENDUM OF WHOLE MEMBERSHIP LIE GIVEN TO OLD GANG "AUTOCRACY" STUFF--BIG BIZ LAST SEEN REGISTERING SADNESS ON THE DIM HORIZON CONVENTION GOFS INTO ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION AND OTHER VITAL STUFF. Farmer delegates of the Nonpartisan league from 13 states met at St. Paul, December 3, 1918, re-elected A. C. Townley as president of the or ganization, adopted permanent articles of association for the League, ex amined the books and records of the organization and adopted resolutions setting forth the League's position on reconstruction after-the-war and other important matters. Townley Re-elected. The big feature of the conven tion was the unanimous re-elec tion of Mr. Townley, and an ova tion seldom equalled in League gatherings. The election of a president of the Nonpartisan league is in the hands of dele gates of the League from each state who are members of the former state committees of the League. This is the procedure for the election provided for in the articles of association, but President Townley, 'following his selection for another term, an nounced that he would not accept it without a votq of approval from the membership of the League. It has, therefore, been ar ranged to hold a referendum of the League membership. Every member of the League will be provided with a ballot on which he can indicate whether or not he approves of the action of the delegates in re-appointing Mr. Townley. If a majority of the members of the League approve of Mr. Townley's re-election, he will ac cept, but in the event that a ma jority of the members do not want to retain him as leader of the organization, the national com mittee will appoint some other man to the position, as provid ed for in the articles of associa tion. The action of Mr. Townley in re questing this referendum of the League membership came as a sur prise. The delegates from the 13 states before assembling in St. Paul had no doubt whatever, but that he was the unanimous choice of the League membership for re-election and they tendered him the honor with out discussion and amid enthusiastic applause. However, due to the intense fight made on Mr. Townley personally by enemies of the League and to the charges of League enemies and the hired newspapers that Mr. Townley has been a dictator, he decided that before he would continue as leader of the organization he would have a vote of confidence of the membership. Arrangements for the referendum among League members will be made at once and the rules announced at an early date. The referendum will be conducted under rules made by the na tional committee, and it will count the ballots and announce the result. The referendum will be in every way safeguarded so that every member of the League can express his indlividual preference in the matter fairly and effectively. Each member Will be given an opportunity to vote for or against the action of the delegates in re-electing Mr. Townley. Under the original articles of as sociation of the Nonpartisan league put in effect two years ago when the League first commenced to organize in states outside of North Dakota, Mr. Townely's term as chairman of the national executive committee and. therefore. is president of the League, expires January 1, 1919. Under the articles of association as permanently provided for by the delegates last week at St. Paul, Mr. Townley has been elected to another term as minlli her of the national executive commnlit- tee and as president of the League,. ,lut this electiion can not become perI ninent without, the approval of the Leaogue memblr.bship under the refer euiimn hitherto mentioned. G(REIAT TRI UMPHI! FOR DEMOCIIRACY North D:akta is "slush-fond" ,r.,tf. Eh.etion returns available at' the hor of goingr to pr('ss rvel! that fart. and .iudgmnt probably will bI, lir, emphatic in the ratio r s the rtirn< nr r cump letion. Thei people of North Dakota on ,.lction 1&:y intimated in terms that can not b., min taken, that they do not propose to turn bn:kward. The in .rcn·.eld pro reb=ive v'te in all the c.ties from w hich returns were avail-i labl shows that the reactionaries have lost C'round in their strongholds. It is a wonlerful victory for the Seople and they are to be congratu lated.--Morton County (N. D.) Farm ers' Press. ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION* NOW AOOPTED Provide For Control By Membership The members of the state commit tees of the Nonpartisan league in 18 states, who gathered at St. Paul last week as members of the first nation al convention of the League, adopted and promulgated a permanent form of organization for the League. Outside of the re-election of Mr. Townley by the delegates and the announcement of the referen dum of League members on that matter, the adoption of permanent articles of association was the most important business transact ed by the convention. When two years ago the League began to spread into 13 states, after cap turing the political power of the state of its birth, North Dakota, the form of organization necessar ily had to be temporary in its na ture until the Leagd had suffi cient membership to warrant the holding of a natignal meeting at which a permanent form of or ganization could be adopted. The League for two years has, there fore, been working under articles of association approved by the various state committees of the League and put in effect some two years ago. It was the tack of the delegate convention which met at St. Paul last week to go over these temporary articles of as sociation, amend them if neces sary and make such additions and substractions as would give the league a permanent form of or ganization suitable for its qtr poses. The articles of association as for rmally adopted and promulgated pro vide for the following: Each state where the League is active is to have a state organi zE ation of its own. The various state organizations are to be governed by a committee of from three to five farmers, members of the League, appointed by state conventions of the League held in the various states. These state conventions which elect the state committees are to be composed of delegates elected by the member ship of the League in the same manner as delegates have been elected in the past to state poli tical conventions of the organi zation. That is, members of the League are to meet in their township or voting precinct and choose dele gates from their own number to district conventions. The vari ous district conventions of the League in a given state will choose delegates to the state con ventions, which will appoint the state committee in charge ot League affairs in that state. The government of the national League will hbe a member of a League national committee. The national commlittee of the League will, therefore. be composed of ' state committees 'n from each state where the It eague has an or ganization. SThe nati,:sal es.xcutie coaniuLttee I compolied f thr' .. ion will he 'hos. t en with ihe approval of the national t ,ommittee. ''he, chaniman of this na tion5 al esccuti', c'.,n- :ittee will be the l res il nt of the Leagtue. Un Ider the ar:tile as adoptei. all Sp ,xi, r is der:ved in the first instance from the members thtiselves i:l pre c 'ilrt caluuseCC. a.senblevl. The ar - ticks of association pro\-ide for the , most democratie fort of government (' nt':lis'! i.n Page Three"