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4 THE MONTANA NONPARTISAN
EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE MONTANA NONPARTISAN DECEMBER 28, 1918
;aii---- __-- ------- ·--
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF NONPARTISAN LEAGUE IN MONTANA
Published Weekly at Great Falls, Montana by the Montana Nonpartisan.
Entered as second class matter, November 30, 1918, at Great Falls, Mon
tana, under the act of March 3, 1879.
Place of Publication Great Falls, Montana, November 30, 1918.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR
All communications should be addressed to the Montana Nonpartisan, Box
1625, Great Falls, Montana. The Montana Nonpartisan will accept advertise
ments of reliable firms desiring to do business with the people of Montana
Advertising rates will be furnished on application.
THE FIGHTING PROGRAM.
The League has taken its place in the front rank of the progressive forces
of this nation. It has justified its existence and has shown in the National
fighting program adopted at St. Paul that it is keenly aware of the existing
condition of world affairs. It has fought its way against the most terrible
opposition from the reactionary force who used the elemental passions of
man, already aroused by the war to defeat the purpose of the progressive and
virile farm organization. It had to endure slander, libel, abuse, violence and
in unpardonable insult, with a smile and a display of courage as remarkable
as it was tenacious. And now in the face of a more trying period, when the
word reconstruction is taboo, in our beet circles and the politicians are has
tily covering up their war promises and glowing admissions, the League for
mulated it's program and starts about the business of putting it into force.
That is the virtue of the League it differs from the political parties be
oause it writes its legislative program in the interests of the producers and
then translates it into an actuality. It is thus the direct opposite of the or
dinary method, because it is usual for the politicians to formulate a pro
gram in the interest of the idlers and with the support of the producers pro
ceed to put it through. The producer who has a vote and votes the old gang
ticket thinks he has been stung, he has'nt; he merely got what he voted for
although of course he cannot be expected to enjoy the sensation.
And that is why the League is hated so savagely. It works; itf a con
stitution designed to protect the interests stands in the way, the League
proceeds to amend it. If there is a robbery of farmers in grain trading and
handling, the League stops the robbery. Presently it will begin writing laws
for the protection of labor for what it promises, it performs. That is why it
continues to grow, that is why its fighting program is of interest to all who
work, because it is a statement of what the League intends to do and will do
if you give it the power.
The question has been asked what possible interest can be discovered
which will bind organizsed farmers to organized wage workers. A great deal
of cheap sarcasm has been spilled by politicians on the heads of people who
advocate such a combination. They have said that there are economic antag
onisms between the farmer as an employer, and the worker as an employe,
which,can not be surmounted and that this is the rock upon which the ship
of unity will split. All this is very true, but like most of the propaganda of
the old gang rests merely upon a very superficial understanding of the situ
Coming events cast their shadows before and it is one of the great facts
of life that before any great movement achieves its purpose, the underlying
reasons for that movement have already worked out its destiny, that is to say,
that the idea of a combination between farmers and wage workers was not
spun out of the minds of men, but already exists below the surface of every
day life and is the agent which gives rise to the thought.
A binder or harvester is a typical example of this fact. The most curs
ory examination will show quite clearly that it contains a combination of the
labor of countless people. The crude iron dug from the mines, smelted, cast,
turned, finished, painted and assembled, embodies the labor of miners, brick
layers, tailors, printers, carpenters, coal-miners, designers, managers, farm
ers, in fact, a host so numerous and so complicated that to enumerate them
would be to consume the space of this paper. There is the fact however, over
which our friends th% politicians may chew, for it is this thing which has al
ready declared unity of social effort in language which brooks no contradic
tion. It draws the farmer and wage worker together more every day, indus
tralizing the grain grower and ruralizing the factories operative. That is,
speaking from the point of view of economics.
The Mooney case has at last vindicated the faith which organized labor
had in the man and his associates. The Denamore revelations have exposed
in the most startling manner possible, the treachery, maglignity and cruel de
sign of the San Francisco Chamber of Commerce and its tools Attorney
Fickert, ex-Supreme Judge Henshaw and their associates. Denamore who is
one of the most remarkable investigators in the country, succeeded under in
structions from Secretary Wilson of the department of labor in secreting in
the office of Fickert, a dictaphone, the presence of which was unsuspected
by the Mooney persecutors. The records which the dictaphone produced form
one of the most damnable indictments which could possibly be imagined. As
the mechanical voice of the phonograph reels off the conversation of these
precious champions of justice the listener.is amazed to hear them damning
the Liberty bond, President Wilson, the War and everything connected with
it. Mrs. Mooney, than whom there is no truer champion of labor on the Pa
cific Coast and no finer woman in the United States, is sworn about and
talked of in the manner which we suppose Fickert learned from his Barbary
coast associates. There enter upon the stage of this drama at the bidding of
District Attorney Denizens of the Red Light district, idiots, dope fiends, pro
fessional jurors and perjurors, private detectives and other scum. One hears
these bravos of the employing classes make out a list of the people who visited
Mooney in his cell among which appears the name of Leon Trotsky, who at
the time, everybody knew was in Russia.
Any enumeration of the corruption and perjury with which this case
is surrounded serves only to enrage people against those who conspired to do
the Mooneys to death. It is sufficient to remember that they are innocent of
the slightest taint of bomb throwing and are merely guilty of organizing
workers that may obtain better conditions.
Therefore all are interested who feel that the producers of this nation
must be protected from the use of the machinery of law, by people who oppose
them economically and that the utmost efforts should be made to impress
upon the n-rasites, the coupon clipper and the exploiter that they shall not
in the future seek the lives of other citizens who oppose them in their de
testable activities. That is the reason for this editorial.
Christmas will have come and gone before this paper reaches you. How
long will it take civilisation to achieve, "Peace on Earth; good will toward
men?" do you suppose.
Congressmen are beginning to find out that the National Security League,
is another Standard Oil, Steel, Copper, Grain Trust, excuse for mob violence
and terrorism. Couldn't find that out during the war and denounce it, of
course. Some one might have called them pro-German, and -that would have
lest votes. Ugh! what a thing the professional politician is!
"80,000,000 dead by war, 6,000,000 by pestilence due to war, and steel
trust civilization says war is necessary and right. Pact is, Militarist has been
aspsde wrongly too ong. It should read, Maw Murderer.
ANOTHER PRIZE ONE
We have been wondering since reading the Helena Independent of Wed
nesday 18, just what kind of a grouch the editors of that sheet have with the
St. Paul Dispatch, that they should deem it necessary to exhibit fo the edifi
cation of the people of Montana the paucity of intelligence and absolute lack
of any progressive idea for which that sheet has long been infamons.
In the daily pillory which the Independent runs for the punishment of
editors who do not please it and which it calls sarcastically, "The best edi
torial of the day" they hung up on the 18th for all the world to see some edi
- torial prutresence about North Dakota called "What is Law to Them." We
present it to our readers that they may fully understand how abusive, unin
the majority of the people move in a direction opposed to the interests of
their erstwhile masters. Here it is:
WHAT IS LAW TO THEM?
"The Townley Bolsheviki of North Dakota is hell-bent upon
committing that commnonwealth to the wildest adventures of state
socialism. It had preferred to undertake the ruin of the common
wealth under color of law and with the consent of the voting major
ity; this of course, for obvious reasons. But failure to get the sup
port of the law and the countenance of the necessary voting major
ity only determines that Towuley anarchists to prosecute their pur
pose in defiance of both. So they have set up a returning board
which, in full knowledge that the proposed amendments to the con
stitution did not receive the affirmative vote required by law, yet
declares they have been ratified by popular vote and will certify
them to the legislature as so ratified. As the legislature is a mere
Townley rubber stamp, it will proceed by resolution to record the
amendments as adopted and part of the basic law of the state.
The supreme court, as part of the same machine and under the same
control, is expected to affirm the legality of the proceeding and the
villany is complete."
You will observe in this first yell that the Dispatch makes it is quite
clear that the people of North Dakota didn't want the amendments, don't
like the League and turned the whole proposition down with the slight reser
vation that the legislature is a League one and that the returning board is
League, and that the supreme court also understands and carries out the
wishes of the majority who are Leaguers. Here is No. 2:
"The fact that five of the Townley amendments, quite necessary
to the wild plunge into experimental socialism, failed to receive the
majority of all the votes cast-a requirement of the North Dakota
constitution common to the organic law of most of the states and
recognized before the election by the bolsheviki leaders and their
campaign committee. But what is a constitution among open con
temners of law? What is law, anyhow, when it stands as an obstacle
to their schemes? The only wonder is that with their hands upon
every agency of state government they thought it worth while, in the
beginning, to seek the cover of law for the prosecution of their
There is nothing wrong with this either except that all the amendments
carried and by majorities amply sufficient. Here are the figures:
1. Permitting corporations to limit voting power of members. Majority
ih favor, 18,000.
2. State hail insurance. Majority in favor, 21,000.
3. Requiring four justices to declare a law unconstitutional. Majority
in favor, 24,000.
4. Initiative and referendum on legislation. Majority in favor, 14,000.
5. Defining emergency laws. Majority in favor, 14,000.
6. Initiative for constitutional amendments. Majority in favor, 13,000.
7. Exemption of improvements from taxation. Majority in favor, 12,000.
8. Hail insurance by acreage tax. Majority in favor, 18,000.
9. Debt limit amendment. Majority in favor, 12,000.
10. Public ownership amendment. Majority in favor,.13,000.
And the editorial writer wants to know what is law? Well of course no
body expected you to know, brother, who ever read your open advocacy of
mob rule and violence preceeding the elections in Minnesota, but for your in
formation, it is this: The will of the majority expressed in terms of rules for
the guidance of the community, subject to change at any time a majority see
fit, for instance there is a tonnage tax law coming up that you will be able to
froth about.,but swallow it you must, since the majority have said so.
Spasm No. 3. "It is not to be expected that the self and law re
specting citizenry of North Dakota will submit without invoking the
last extremity, to this lawless over-riding of constitutional safe
guards. If the remedies within the state are exhausted in vain, no
doubt federal grounds will appear upon which the anarchistic meth
ods may be subjected to review by higher courts outside the juriedic
tion of North Dakota and the wrong righted."
Ain't it fierce! being beaten in North Dakota by the simple business of
getting snowed under, the old gang are expected to appeal to the higher courts
against the "Anarchistic" majority. There are no. anarchistic majorities of
course, except in the dull brain of the unfortunate who is condemned to ped
dle that kind of piffle for his daily doughnut. Majority may and can and
sometimes does alter or abolish constitutions, make and unmake laws, build up
this or break down that, organize in whatever form it likes, it is the law and
the prophets; vox populi is indeed vox del. No matter how uncomfortable
such doctrine make the beneficiaries of special privilege. That is Democracy
and there is no other.
Here's the last gem: "The situation has assumed an aspect
even more serious than a plunge into the dark waters of state so
cialism. It is an open and defiant over-riding of the law, under cover
of an appeal from the constitution to an incompetent and obsolescent
statute providing that a majority of votes cast on a public question
carries that question. How any court of review could sustain such a
piece of anarchy is beyond belief. How any decent citizen could rest
supinely under such usurpation is inconceivable. And how any mar
ket could be found, in the circumstances, for the hundreds of millions
in bonds, which is a part of the socialistic program, is beyond com
Thus we have in two consecutive sentences an admission that the thing is
quite legal although the law is obsolescent and incompetent-the Leaguers1
didn't write that one, by the way-and that it is an attempt to override the
law under cover of another law, eh what? Override, under cover! Oh-piffle,
piffle, piffle! What next? To what base uses do poor hacks hired to write
for the St. Paul Dispatch put their turgid brains, to be unlawful within the
law! Bring on a corporation lawyer please. All the same, thanks for the ex
hibit, Bro. Independent, publicity in dark places, you know, and all that sort
- An event of considerable importance is scheduled for next spring.
Nothing less than a mass meeting in Grat Falls of League members
and others who are interested in the progress of democracy is con
- templated, at which the League President, A. 0. Townley will be pres
ent and will address the gathering. Governor Frazier also is expected
to attend as are a large number of other brilliant men and women
amongst whom the name of Walter Thomas Mills stands out with
The date of the meeting is not yet definiJly set but since its pur
pose is to get together and review the results of the legislative work
for the session, it is obvious that it cannot be fixed until the session 8
is over. The League managers are anxioun to have the membership
review the pfoceedings of the legislature and commend or censure the
activities of its legislators.. Under these circumstances a gathering
of great educational value should result, a sort of "demonstratibn of.
mllflhfIuIt NllIMIIIIIIIIMMIMUMMINII ululMMIMnM nn nnlnM IilllluMnuusuluj
° ý I OVe R
The Price of Wheat
"In case the war ends, the govern
ment would have to sell wheat in com
petition with the rest of the world and
tax the nation to make up the differ
The above is the finale of an article
by a very clear sighted business man,
now turned farmer, who farms some
30,000 acres and was at one time a
wheat "king" in the Chicago pit. It
is of tremendous importance to the
farmers all over the United States
because it contains an admission and
betrays a number of facts which
"friends" of" the farmer and enemies
of the League would love to bury out
of sight. It is an admission on the
one hand that in spite of price fixing,
the economic laws which work contin
ually and effectively behind the backs
of legislators are coming into their
own again with a vengeance. And on
the other that the business man, be
he engaged in vast farming opera
tions or not, can always be trusted to
- find a business-mans solution to all
9 problems from the. nature of Aurora
~orealis to the velocity of ether
The idea that the government will
have to tax the nation to make up
the difference in the price fixed and
what can be secured in the world mar
ket is of course quite utopian, for we
have a long way to travel before any
such thing would happen to the far
mers product, although it does now
and the occur in oil, steel and cotton.
The farmer is not yet powerful
enough to extract anything of the
kind, or indeed would he feel called
upon to try and inflict a burden of
this kind upon the rest of the people,
for of course, any such tax would
show itself in the last analysis as an
increase in the price of bread.
We are not going into the propo
sition of taxes however, for we are
not fitted to do so, but will investigate
a little further into the why, of the
original suggestion. That there is a
reason for the suggestion is true, and
Sin the answer to that question we
shall find revealed a startling condi
tion of affairs which will call for
many other questions along the same
line. Now why is it that foreign
wheat is to be sold below the domestic
price and the home product sustained
by taxes. Briefly this:
SProductioa of Grain.
The production of grain, like that
of books and oil is governed by certain
well defined laws, which operate in
dependently of the producer and over
which he has little or no control. The
I exchange value of wheat at Minne
apolis or Liverpool is broadly speak
ing, a fair measure of the labor ex
pended in its production and transpor
tation, expressed in terms of cash,
for there is no other way of measure
ment in exchange than in terms of
Work, hours of work, world work,
make the rule, the struggle between
buyers and sellers run the price above
or drive it below, but always during
the process of exchange does it, like
a double-hinged spring door, pass and
repass the mean average-value.
A World Supply.
Observe it pouring into the mar
ket, here it comes from Argentina,
there from British India, yonder from
Australia, now from Mesopatamia and
Egypt, a little and presently more
from Russia and a vast stream from
North America, all from different cli
mates, raised under different condi
tions of soil and labor, subject to one
general law and a few general prices,
jostling into the world's breadbasket
to finally appear as bread or break
Now as the American product pours
into the general stream it is equated
with it and has its effect upon the
general prices as has all the others,
for instance; if the average time for
the production of one bushel of wheat
in 1910 was one bour, before the en
trance, of the American product and
the average time spent in producing
this was, 40 minutes then the average
time spent in producing this qupta
would naturally effect the general
price in the direction of lowering it,
for all the season's world product.
The point is however, that let the
mean average be one hour, say from
panic to panic, that will be its ex
change value and approximate the
money received if we rate, for pur
poses of explanation, the hour at one
dollar. Now it will follow that those
who cannot produce the bushel below
the hour or at least in the hour, are
playing a losing game and will end in
bankruptcy, while those who can and
do reduce the time below the mean av
erage, make a success and win. These,
be it understood are general laws
only made possible by those arbitrary
and extraordinary circumstances
which appear to contradict any sug
gestion of law whatsoever.
Effect of Machinery.
This is the thing the effect of which
our farmer of 30,000 acres sees, or
rather feels and seeks to avoid by
taxation, an impossible idea because,
time being the basis of measurement
in exchange and the tendency to big
ness and swiftness in machinery and
modern scientific methods of farm
ing reducing the value day after day
-subject to the tribulations of frost,
hail, drouth, etc., which tend to raise
it-by cutting down the hours of la
bor involved, nothing could result but t
that the tax would grow larger as the E
world production reached greater ef- a
ficiency, because of course the world
price would average less as time went
The farmers have to face this. The u
world war with its artifielal demand
stimulated prices in an unprecedented
manner, so that In some sections of
" the world we had the economic "ab
Isurdity" of a high price in the faeo
I of a heavy supply. That condition Is
over and the world production re
sumes its normal activity stimulated
I by newer and better methods. It is a
mistake to imagine that the wheat
5 growing lands *of Europe have been
devastated by war, that is wrong. The
ground over which the great . fight
raged was relatively small and great
ly devoted to intensive farming of
truck; beets, grapes, onions, ete.,
while on the other hand the wheat
areas of the belligerent countries have
been greatly enlarged by the stern
threat of famine. Vast stores are ale
waiting in British India and Australia
for the release which has now come.
Power Over Preduet. Remedy.
Even so, behind it all goes on the
beating down of value by the intro
duction of newer and better methods,
the exploitation of undeveloped and
very fertile lands in less hostile cli.
mates than the sub-arctic under
which the greater portion of the wheat
of North America is raised, and the
application of science to agriculture.
The progressive decrease in the value
of gold helps also, while the acceler
ated productivity not only reduces
value but temporarily drives down
price by swamping the market.
It is not a pleasant prospect and
certainly is not to be met with stap
id mal-economics in the direction of
taxation. What is necessary is to
alter the basis upon which the thing
proceeds and whereas today the de
mand for wheat bears little relation
to the need for bread, for with the
mustering out of vast armies the nor.
mal consumption will be reached again
and vast quantities will reach the sea
board regardless of the hunger stalk
ing through the cities, to extend the
vower of all producers, at home, first
and abroad later, over the consump.
tion of the total product and to eli.
minate the coupon clipper the para
site and all those who take toll of the
world's wealth without rendering the
SI"Above Manual Labor"
(Editorial N. D. Leader)
The Forum has slopped over again.
at Accidentally it has made another fa
in tal slip which shows its beastly breed.
n- Its latest blundering statement is con
er tained in an editorial in which it in
ie sinuates that the farmers of North
e' Dakota. whom it loved to call "pro.
k German" all summer are Bolshevists.
r" And in telling about the horrors of
" Bolshevism in Russia the Forum
- "For once having RISEN
f ABOVE MANUAL LABOR. a man
in that country is under the 'evil
, eve' and gets less consideration
!n than a dog."
re his is the first time we ever knew
ig that there was anything "above man
!e ual labor."
ad We had always been taught that
mannal labor was highly resnectable.
In fact the Master gave a dirnity to
r- manual labor when He said "bv the
a, Qwoat of the brow thou 'hnlt earn thy
m breed." that the Kept Press and the
ad codfish aristocracy can never take
re away from it.
m But it is at least nice of the Forum
i- to state frankly, even though it was
i- Accidental. that it is neoale who
1e ",AVe RTREN ABOVE MANUAL
s, TABOR" who must be better cared
t. The Fn'um is without question one
of the official mouth-nieces of those
rs noolle who THINK they have risen
d above manual labor, and its utterances
1e can be relied unon as conveving the
s, sentiment of that class of grafters.
ar But we will continue. in our humble
at way, to refuse to admit that any one
o ever did. or eve. can "RTSE ABOVE
d MANUAL T.ABOR" herause there is
g nothing higher, nothing more digni
e fied. nothing more essential than man.
a ual labor.
al But the Forum has at least shown
t, its contemnt for manual labor. and is
sued its formal warning that those
1e who have risen above it can exneet
n no nnarter at the hands of Bolshevism
t in North Dakota.
ie The Forum. of course, does not
. know what Bolshevism it. It uses the
ie word, inst as it used pro-German. be
cause it believes it is a nnaty enithet
that fits the farmers and laborers of
North Dakota none of whom trot in
the Forum's class because they
d "HAVE NOT RISEN ABOVE MAN.
The Forum thinks that because
manual labor has been carrying a
heavy burden, that the "burden" must
Y be above the sturdy shoulders that
Those who think they have "risen
above manual labor" have a rude
awakening in prospect. They will dis
r cover that there is nothing beneath
They are just full of Big Business
"hop"-just ddpey from feeding on
t their own bumptiousness-feeble min
-ded because of their own degeneracy
d their brains don't track.
And in this great democracy, man
V ual labor, cannot be referred to con
y, temptuously, because better than 15
* per cent of the people have to perform
- manual labor--else the nuts who think
t they "have risen above it" would
e starve freeze and "dry up and blow
I wad a few would miss them if they
t did, except that the burden would be
a little lighter for the people worth
a while to carry.