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FRIDAY, AUGUST 29. 1019. McWHORTER & HERN, Proprietors and Publisher*. i. B. McWHORTER. Editor. THOB. H. DENNIS, Associate Editor. ! I NO PEACE OF DISHONOR. Four of the twenty questions rela- 1 live to the treaty of peace which | Senator Fall submitted to President 1 Wilson, after the conference with the Senate Committee at the White House on Aug. 19th. are so remark- j able that they deserve reproduc tion as an index to the mental op- j crations of an opposition Senator: i 1. In your Judgment have you not j the power and authority by a proc- ' lamation to declare in appropriate j "words that peace exists and thus re- j store the status of peace between the governments and the peoples of this country and those with whom | vre declared war? 2. Could not in any event the ! power which declared war ? that is, j Congress, Joined by the President, as you affixed your approval of the ' declaration of war ? by a resolution J ?or act of Congress, declare peace, as : Germany did not declare war upon | us? 3. Is not the pending treaty, aside ; tram the League covenant, merely m set of agreed rules and regulations to be observed after peace is estab lished, and is not the state of war terminated merely by the tiling of the first proces-verbal? 4. The state of war being thus treminated by the filing of the pro ces-verbal, although we may not yet liave. ratified the treaty, Germany not liaving declared war upon us, could you not appoint <or reappoint consu lar officers and agents in Germa'ny, And by a proclamation of the status of peace authorize our citizens and without further delay resume gov ?rnipental relations with Germany? And would we not then be off a war I iiasis as to business? As it appears, therefore, to Sena tor Fall, the war with Germany was not a war at all, but merely a tem porary misunderstanding- There having been no war, the President can issue a proclamation declaring that peace exists, or if the Presi dent cannot issue such a proclama tion Congress can adopt a resolu tion, or if the President cannot is sue a proclamation and Congress cannot adopt a resolution, other governments by ratifying the treaty of peace can ratify it for the United States too, and thus business can resume as usual without any action on the part of the United States Senate. President Wilson's answer to this amazing proposal to make peace by running away is scalding: I feel constrained to say in reply to your first question not only that in my judgment I have not the pow er by proclamation to declare that j peace exists but that I could in no | circumstances consent to take such , a course prior to the ratification of, a treaty of peace. I feel it due to jierfect frankness to say that it would ! put, a stairp :upon our national honor i ?which we never could efface if. fater J sending our men to the battlefield ! to).fight the common cause, we should ' abandon our associates in the settle- ' ment of the terms of peace and dis- | sociate ourselves from all responsi- j fcility with regard to those' terms. | I respectfully suggest that having ! said this I have in effect answered also your second, third, and fourth questions so far as I myself am con cerned. Senator Fall's theory that, the ?war having been won, the United States should now crawl under the bed and hide lest it assume any re sponsibility for what has happened in the world is not conlined to th#> gentlemen from New Mexico. Other Senators have shown an equal dis regard for the honor and dignity of the United States and a willing ness to make the United States the most cowardly and contemptible of all the nations rather than see it discarge the moral obligations that it incurred when it entered the war. There is a way to make peace. It is an honorable way and it is a constitutional way, and it involves nothing more than the perform ance on the part of the United States Senate of the duty that con fronts it. Failure to perform that i ?duty is the only obstacle to peace- | Continued failure must inevitably ? leave the United States a moral ! bankrupt in the society of nations, j ? Xcti> York World. FOR SALE. Two shares of stock of Hank of i Lewishurg for $27 2 each, and seven Khares for $270 each. 100 acres near Hughart, ..$.000. A nice little farm and godd mill site. 1<M? Arrow near Organ Cave. The Leonard Williams home, brick house i and barn, on road, corn, hay, straw, and fruit all thrown In-? $ 1 3,000.00. Buy at once if you want a good farm and nice home. The Land Hank will | lend you $6,000.00 on this. KM) Acre* one inile from White Hulphui', on road. Three small houses. A good truck farm ? $6,000. Nice home in Honceverte owned by Mr. D. J. Pancake. See me about this good residence Just as soon as you can. .'MM) Aero* of timber land three miles from Alderson. belonging to Mr. H. M. Hurdette, for $:54.00 per ?cre ? if sold at once. About 110 Aero*, a splendid home) and farm near Kainelle, for $100.00 per acre. If you want a good home here It Is. Don't wait until the other I inan buys Jt and waste your money ! in handkerchiefs, tents and tomb- 1 stones. Huy now and move in. (let i $5,000 from the Land Hank if you. I need it. H. A. MURR1LL, Hank of Lewiwhurg Building. j Lewlsburg. W. Va. TAFT OUTLINES LEAGUE PLAN Puts It Into Flain Language Free From Legal and Diplomatic Verbiage, in Response to Re quest. MANY ARE CONFUSED BY PRESENT DEBATE Danger That People Will Lose Sight of Basic Principles Dur ing Discussion of Complicated Details and Technicalities. (By ex-President William H. Taft.) The plan for h league of Na tions Is based on n few simple principles, which are not hard to understand when lifted out of t lit* morass of technical discus sion and freed from legal nnd diplomatic language. As the one authority best able to pre sent these points without par tisan bias, ex-President Taft lias been asked to put the league idea into a few plain words for the benefit of millions of Americans who desire a bet ter understanding of the plan but find themselves confused by the debute in the United States Senate. In response to this le quest he has written the follow ing article. Purpose of the League. The chief purpose of the League of Nations is to keep the world in a state of peace. Another way of ex pressing it is to say that the league is designed to prevent wars. We have just finished the greatest, which Is to say the most horrible, of fill conflicts between nations. We have won a glorious victory. But that victory will be wasted unless this war has made the nations ready to put aside their differences and co operate to end war forever. It Is not enough, however, to pro vide for the prevention of wars and the settlement of disputes after they have arisen. We must foresee causes of trouble and remove tliein before they have reached an acute stage. Hence there must be provision for fre quent consultations of members of the league for exchange of information, for agreement on common policies and f??r the gradual formation of rules of international law which at present are uncertain and incomplete. The representatives of the great free nations which won the war have met at Paris and, after long consulta tion, have drawn an agreement which they believe will accomplish these j ends. At the very least it will set in motion great changes which will re- j stilt in universal benefit to all man kind. This agreement is called the Covenant of the League of Nations and it is a part of the pence treaty. There will be no league worth talk- I ing about, however, unless the United States is a member. The decision as to whether the United States shall Join rests with our Senate. The Sena tors, chosen by the people, will in the emi vote as the people desire. For this reason the people themselves will decjde whether or not the United States will join the league. In this question every citizen should have a voice. He or she can express opinion either by writing direct to Senators, by letters to the newspapers, by speeches in his lodge or local union or In conversation with friends. Methods of Maintaining Peace. Since the prime object of the League of Nations is to preserve peace ? ? and to reap the benefits of peace ? let us see how the league will operate to accomplish that purpose. In the first place it will seek to re move the main causes of war. By the formation of an international court It will create a means for the peaceful settlement of disputes between na tions. Then It will seek to compel the nations to make use of this court. 'I'h is is nothing more nor less than an application of the rules and customs governing private individuals In civil ized communities to the relations be tween nations. Secondly, the league will seek to re move a great temptation to war by the general agreement to reduce the size of armies and navies. This will halt the race for military and naval supremacy which was largely respon sible for the war Just ended. The amount of armament any nation may maintain will be strictly defined. Thus it will be Impossible for one country to overwhelm its neighbor by unexpected attack, in the way that Germany rruahed Belgium and would have crushed France had not the other democratlc nations gone to her aid. The idea is Hint each country may keep an army and navy large enough to en able It to fulfil lta responsibilities as a member of the league, but no larger. The United States, for example, prob ably would be exj>ected to keep a check on Mexico and the state of con stant turmoil fVi that country would he taken Into consideration In deciding how large an army we should need. The third Important safeguard which the Lenguc will set up Is a sys tem of penalties. This will make an outlaw of any nation or gronp of na tions which goes to war In violation of the rules of the league. The, out nwpn iintion will l?e boycott*';] by nil lit- other members of the League and vll I find itself rut off from l*>th busi- , fusts um'.i social communication with t the rest of the voiMd. How It Wi'.l Prevent Wars. It is not cla.ined tliat the U'licue of Nations will do awjiy with war alto- ! got her. Kvery possible provision that human intelligence can devise will he j :ii:m!o to settle international disputes peaceably. I'ut Should ull those uaas- j ures fail and two nations go to war, i th.s is what will happen: If both panics to the dispute have 1 observed the rules of the league, the I other nations will stand back and let them fight it out. War under such < Iicwi stances ;s difficult to Imagine.! however, becausw before the angry na- 1 .has will be allowed to t'.ght in ac- , cordanee with the tules of the League, so much time must elapse that in all I probability their anger will cool and ! they will reuch an amicable under- ' standing. What we have to fear Is that some ! nation will go to war In defiance of ; the league, and every precaution has j been taken to suppress such a nation j by the immediate use of the united power of t he other nations. If inter national boycott failed to bring her to terms she would luive to face a combined international army and navy. The founders of the League be lieve that the mere possibility of such a situation will prevent any nation from violating Its agreement. Does anyone think that Germany would have begun war five years ago If she had known that nearly all the other A real powers would combine against her? Doing the World's Work. In addit ion to settling International disputes peaceably the League of Nations will provide means for doing much of tht* world's work more sys tematically and effectively than chu l?o done now when each nation is ! working only for itself. The people | you know host ami like host are those ; who work with you on the same joh. j It will he the same way with the j nations of the future. The more they ' work together, the sooner they will j come to understand and like earli ! other. For example, the League will estab lish an international organisation for the bettering of labor conditions in different countries, for the protection of women and children and the native inhabitants of civilized and seinl-eivil ized countries. One of Germany's greatest crimes has keen her barha r<^s treatment of the helpless peoplo in some of her colonies. One of the chief tusks of the League will he to lo(.k after peoples that are not strong enough to protect themselves. The Loague will appoint commis sions to take charge of various inter national undertakings so that they | may be carried on, not for the benefit of any one nation, hut for the benefit ; of the whole world. Provision will be j made for promotion of fair and equal | trade conditions. | These are only a few of the benefits the world will derive from the League. As time goes on we shall find more and more tasks at which the nations can work in common and a greater number of opportunities to remove causes which stir up jealousies and animosities between races and peoples. Objections Answered. Of course we cannot hope to make the great changes such as the League of Nations will bring about without opposition. Fortunately the war has taught us the great advantages of international co-operation. It was only by good team work that the free liberty loving nations were able to whip Germany. ? The treaty which the United States Senate is debating obligates the mem bers of the proposed League to pro tect one another against attack from enemies outside their own boundaries bent upon conquest. Although (his agreement (Article X of the Cove nant) Is vital to any arrangement which seeks to prevent war, it lias been attacked on the ground that It would 'draw the United States into wars in various parts of the world and force us to send our boyR to fight In quarrels which did not concern us. We should remember, however, that the main purpose of Article X is to frighten nations tempted to wars of conquest from yield.'ng to the tempta tion, by the certainty that they will be crushed if they begin such a war by a universal boycott and a union of l forces of the world against them. If a big war breaks out again, the United States will he forced to take part in it whether we have a League of Nations or not. We tried hard enough to keep out of the war with Germany but found we couldn't A little war contrary to the League rules could be handled by the powers close at hntid. Certainly It would not be necessary to send American troops to suppress an uprising in the Balkans when prompt action by the armies of Italy or some other nearby powerful fiat ion could suppress the fracas be fore American troops could even get started.. Great Gain for Small Lost. We had to muke many sacrifices to win the last war and we made them I willingly because we knew they were j worth while. It will be the same In a stuiller degree with a league of Nations. When men form a business partnership each one has to inakt concessions to the views and opinions rf the- of her members of the firm When we enter the league ol Nations we may have to give up Ver tain privileges, but the losses will b? small compared with the profits. The United States will not have tc sacrifice her Independence or right U> make her own decisions. The council, the chief governing hotly of the l<eugue. cannot take j uetion without unuulmous decision cf ! its mcuihei s nnd aiiae the United j States will htive a represent uti\ e ir. , the Council our interest will he pro- ' t ???i there. We I. ear It *a'?l tl.nt the j Leu? ue Ik formed for the benefit of i (ircat Britain or .lupnn or scnic other i one tuition. This is uot true. AH ihe I nut ions will gu'n by It. not only the 1 gnat nutlons sueli us the United i States. < i reii t Britain, France, .la pan and Italy, luit the little nations whieh in the |>ust have been oppressed by tl.elr hi? neighbors. The iiiteruutloua! court will give an opportunity for the settlement of oid grievances which luw.e Ion? troubled the peoples cf the world. It h::s been said that the Lenpue ; will Interfere with the Monroe 1 ?oc trine, but the League Covenant ex pressly protects this Doctrine. In fact,' through the Covenant the Monroe Ik?^ trine reeeives recognition throughout the world ami Its principles become forever estahlishedi WHY SAUNESS IN OLD AGE? Too True That the Two Things Are Frequently Associated, but Should Not &e. It is a common belief that bs a per son advances in years he becomes not only u wiser hut a sadder mun. Thut one should gain knowledge as he grows: older is thoroughly In order, hut that he should become Increasingly bur d< nod with the cares of life uud sad dened because of hopes that have uot bet it fulfilled is not u necessary condt- 1 tlou. It is true that the clouds that gather about the setting sun do take u sober coloring from an eye that has kepi watch In man's mortality, to para phrase Wordsworth a bit. and that the thought of constantly lessening activi ty and prospects which age entails is enough to make one pause and consid er. Hut consideration that goes far enough will reveal that all time, wheth er of this world or another. Is an un ending opportunity for progression. After all. the whole matter of age Is something that has to do with the mind rather than the body. And when the body begins to fall, when gray hairs appear, the step becomes less springy, sleep more difhcult and Joy in things that used to please an impossibility, sadness should not be the result. The mind is a great crucible which receives and- transfuses In some fash ion impressions from all the objects and facts of life. The will is the mas ter which determines what the trans fusion shall he. A man can let his will relax or he can keep it active, regard less of age. Ne can make of his ex istence a heaven or a hell, whether he be old or young, rich or poor. In a favored spot of the earth, on desert soil or fallen on evil days. Exercise of the will cunnot at last stave off death, and It may not Induce prolonged health or material welfare. But It can aid In all these things, and entirely regardless of its material ac complishments, the will that is kept properly on the alert ci?n lead him in hope. "Oh, well for him whose will Is strong." For hlin whose will Is weak, or rath er allowed, to become weak, there is Joy neither in a sunset nor a sunrise. And even the bright light of noonday will only dazzle and bewilder, rather than encourage and Inspire. The strong will sees endlessly, "be yond the sunset nnd the paths of all the western stars." It strengthens a man in iioj>e nnd leads him to see un limited possibilities as the years pass. Sadness is the last thing that ought to characterize age. ? Kansas City Star. Elephants' Picnic. An act not down on the program was given without charge the other day In the old seaport town of Mar blehead, Mass., when four elephants of a small circus, named with fine al lied patriotism General Foch, Gefieral Pershing, General Halg, and Princess Pat, Jumped .a stone wall, escaped the circus, and took to the woods. The personnel of the circus, acrobats, riders, clowns and ca nvusmen, fol lowed, and so did many of the towns people nnd half a dozen policemen, but the elephants made for the woods first and there they spent the day with a large and appreciative audience watching on the outskirts. Peanuts and bananas, usually a temptation to elephants, failed to entice them from their New England Jungle; but as twi light fell, nnd habit suggested feed ing time, the big beasts came peace fully out of the woods and allowed the trainer and his assistants to lead them hack to the circus grounds. And aH Mnrlilehead went home td belated ?uppers. RHAMP.FRY NnilP.F. STATE OF NVKST VIRGINIA, Green brier County, ks.: At rules held in the Clerk's Office of the Circuit Court of Greenbrier County, on the first Monduv in the month of August, 1019. Minnie O. Thomas, Coinpluinnnt, vs. J. Charley Thomas, Defendant. IN CHANCERY. The object of this Suit is to obtain for the plaintiff an absolute divorce from the defendant because of his Wilful desertion .of plaintiff for more than 10 years, and it appeal ing, by afTiduvit tiled, that tne de fendant J. Clvarley fhoiras is a non resident of this State, it is ordered that he do appear here within on-* month after the date of the tirst publication of this orcicr, and dr what is necessary to protect his in terest in this suit. 8-K 4t Teste II. C. SKAGGS, ClerX. Henry Gilmer, Sol. Points of Superiority in the Service of this Institution have so appealed to many people that regardless of the distance from their hobnes they prefer to main tain their accounts with Us. This is made easy through our comprehensive banking - by - mail department, which affords out-of town residents the same complete facilities as local depositors. Detailed information upon request. Bank of Lewisburg Capital and Surplus, $250,000. CLASSIFIED COLUMN. List your farms with H. A. Mur- ' 2 iil. Office over Bank of Lewisburg. j FOR SALK. ? Oak . dining roo2n j set, Poster range, two dressers, one chiffonier, iron bed, springs and 2nat- j tress, and a few dishes. Reasonable ' prices. Pohne 123. MRS. R. M. HALL, Lewisburg. WANTED. ? Colored female help, mangle girls, family ironers, clean era. Learners taken ? girls and eld erly people. Apply by letter to EM PLOYMENT OFFICE, White Sul- J phur Springs. Inc., White Sulphur I Springs, W. Va. 22-2t ' FOR SALE ? About 75,000 feet of oak timber, one good quiet family j horse, cows, calves, hogs and pigs. ALEX. R. THOMPSON, Box 24, Meadow Bluff, West Va. FIDUCIARY NOTICE. The following accounts are before me for settlement: W. B. Hill, administrator of C. W. Bryant. I J. H. Conley, administrator of William Conley. Given under my hand this 20th day of August. 1919. FINLEY M. ARBUCKLE, 8-22-2t Commissioner of Acc'ts. R. L. WRITTEN, ARCHITECT. 912 Qimrrier St., Charleston, W. Va. Special attention given to designing of Residences. Graduate of an Eastern Architect ural College, and have had four year3 experience designing residences in New York City. 2 14 19 8t. J. B. T. CUMM3NGS, M. D. Hinton Hospital Specialist Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Fitting of Glasses. Hinton, West Virginia. FOR SALE. I will sell, on terms to suit pur chaser and at the right price, the fol lowing: 1 Frick saw mill outfit, 15 h. p. boil er and engine with mill, cut off, belting, saws, etc. Good as new. 1 Geiser boiler and engine, 35 h. p. Good as new. Good condition. 1 Frick boiler and engine, 15 h. p. 1 Hench & Dromwold saw mill com plete. 1 Metal frame, force feed, dimension saw mill. A lot of shafting, pulleys, etc. 2 Logging trucks. A lot of 12-pound steel rail. Also the following Farms ? in culti vation : 1 Farm of 140 acres. 1 Farm of 75 acres. 1 Farm of 100 acres. 1 Farm of 32 acres. 125 acres of coal and timber land. I will be glad to show any of this property and will name a price that will be interesting. tf W. B. JONES. Meadow Bluff, W. Va. NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS. Sealed proposals will be received by the Clerk of the County Court of Greenbrier county at Lewisburg, West Virginia, until 12 o'clock noon, on the 16th day of Septem ber, 1919, for the construction of the following: Approximately 20 miles of road in Meadow Bluff district, as pro vided for by the order of election in the said district- To be graded to a width of 26 feet, and paved for a width of 9 feet, asfar as funds available will permit. Plans, specifications and esti mated quantities may be examined at the office of County Engineer. Lewisburg, West Virginia, and at the office of the Division Engineer, Charleston, West Virginia, and at the office of the State Road Com mission, Charleston, West Virginia. Proposals will be received only upon State Standard Forms, which can be obtained from Frank K. Radcr. County Engineer, Lewis burg, West Virginia, or from Divi sion Engineer's Oflice, Charleston, West Virginia. All proposals must be accom panied by a certified check or draft equal to at least 5 per cent of the full amount of the bid. Right is reserved to reject any and all bids. PAUL C. HOGSETT, 8-15-4t Clerk County Court BanK I - A I > T E I F h? CD C3 A . i - ALDER SON. W.VA, O. D. MASSEY, Cashier. T. H. JARRETT, President. JOHN HINCHMAN, Vlce-Prepldent W. W. BTEVEN8. A*?t. n??bl?r NOTICE FOR SUBSTITUTION OF TRUS1 BK. To Howard EIHr and Blanch Ellis, his wife: ? You will take notice that on the 12th day Of September, 1910, I will move the Circuit Court of Green brier county, West Virginia, to ap point S. P. Preston as trustee in the room and stead of John A. Preston, now deceased, trustee in a certain deed of trust executed by you on the 9th day of March, 1910, securing a debt due the undersigned amounting to $100.00 and interest, and record ed in the office of the Clerk of the Greenbrier County Court in Trust Deed Book No. 10, at page 48. and you may attend if you wish ?<> to do. Respectfully. BANK OF GREJ9NBKIKH. 8-22-4 1 Lewisburg. W VlL Thoroughbred Berkshire pig* 1o[ nale. Male and female. Prices reasonable. J. J. ECHOIC, Lewis ?>?rg, W. Va. ~ kAdER BROS. Ofvll Engineers and Surrey or*. Greenbrier Ban* Bulldlnf. l/ewtebarRt W. Va. The Dunsmore Business College Incorporated. STAUNTON, VIRGINIA. ?4 I Will begin its 48th session Sept. 3, 19 1 9. United States ^ndVh J nl?1^ ^ vt? oldest schools of its kind in For cllltl 1 ?,dc8t m Vir?inia or West Virginia. ' ' e,t,rnon?l?. and other information, ..write J. G. DUNSMORE, President.