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EDITION THE FARM BUREAU IS THE BIGGEST ORGANIZATION pf|^jgrfi?-.s?71 fei r?3i$ OF FARMERS THE WORLD HAS EVER SEEN sAgriaslIm is the OAoslKoblc Occupation I of Mankind] / ?*> l"dlfferen< ,o a, which Advr VOLUME 57 fiances the Cause of Truth and MoraUty. or which Concerns the Welfare of the Community In which we Live. LEWISBURO-, WEST VIRG-INIA, FRIDAY MORNING-. NO'v'EM 3ER 17, 1922 NUMBER 2 2 WHAT THE FARM BLOC OOES, /.(?/ an imiKirliul observer fell ! the story of the Farm Bureau's inork in W'ashinyton. Hei/iiinimj his third article on Hie American t'lirm Bureau Federation in the Sovember issue of The World's 11 or/;. John K. Humes satjss ; "In July, lust year, ('resident Harding went to Haritan, N. J., to jpontl the Fourth at the summer pojuc oT Senator Frelinghuysen. Senator Lodge got word to adjourn [hr Senate. The plan evidently was [o recess the Senate until the House |i:i?| passed the tariff bill then call [Ik- Senators back to take up that measure. As it was a special ses sion of Congress and the passage of h tarilV law was one of the things for which it had been called, that ? Eueasure would be privileged anil J ;ike precedence over certain agri- I Cultural bills that had gained a j plaie well up on the Senate calcn- j Jar. j I "Almost as soon as Senator Lodge tot this word, Mr. (iray Silver, IV.iNiiiuton representatives of the kuu'i'iean Farm Bureau Federation, heard of it. He immediately re paired to the Capitol to see Senator tin un. then leader of what is now i nuwn as the "farm bloc." They I )f.un marshalling their forees. They tmw that the time had arrived ylieii this new element in national politics, was to be put to the criti cal test. Mr. Silver comjnunicated )y telegraph with th'e fifteen hun Ired county farm bureaus in the American Farm Bureau Federation ind the next day telegrams began louring in vfrom influential farmers hnvjghout the country protesting ig.ii.ist adjournment of the Senate. \'hen Senator Lodge presented his esoJution on the fifth the vote was 17 to 24 against it. "The adminisnation then turned 0 another and abler leader. Sena or Penrose hd been sick but was lun able to be back in the Senate. If sent out word ?sunuuoning all lu- faithful. As the previous vote howed, th'erc was far from a full enute. The call now went out fro\m Ins lust of the big bosses to those icnators who spend most of tlieir ime ;it home and are seldom seen n Washington except when they ire wanted by the party leaders to oti- on some measure. When the ienate convened on Friday of the "iTk following th'ere was a good at pnilanee. 'Hie farm bloc leaders ???I also been busy. Senator Pen held the lloor with a motion to fcommit the bonus bill. On his t-xk was the resolution for adjourn- i 'int. While the debate regarding j bonus was going on Senator C.ur of Kansas, the Hepublean whip 1 Hie Senate, polled the members. !?? reported to Penrose that the res lulion for adjournment could not :,vv Senator Penrose soon after ilii'ed to his room, leaving the res liilion on his desk. Astute poli l'i "i that he was, and able leader. ( :talized that his days of succcss I1' '??aderhip were over. 'in* next (lay President Harding "t ft ?r Senator Kenyon. The old ''"Iits had failed Qii 111 . Something :,|l happened in the Senate that filled hardly believable to him, fa 'liiir ;is he was with the machinery ^tiut body. A new snn had risen, hi' low of gravitation to part lead s that he knew so well had been )S(''? There was nothing for him * do bui turn to this new force. He 'it for Kenvon. Senator Kenyon inferred with Gray Silver. There '?'f twelve bills before the Senate 1 ^'l'ieh the farmers were particu r'x interested ? some that they "I been trying to get passed for >uilceii years. It was agreed that Ni\ (>f these should pass, the farm would permit the adjournment 'lie administration desired. In ^ titan si\ weeks, before Congress [",,r|ied on August 25th. the fol measures were passed: <l> !' Packer and stock yard control | ? the Oppcr-Tincher Hill ^ting grain exchanges; (.'O the l,l||"ion of the War Finance ('.or I porat ion's powers to loan ninne\ to 1 farmers: (I) raising the interest fall' on Federal rarin Loan bonds from 1-2 per cent so that the\ would be more readily salable. (.">) increasing the working capital of the Federal Farm lx>an system by *25,000,000, and ((>) the bill limit ing immigration to 3 per cent of the foreign born residents in this country. "In the report of the executive Secretary of the American Farm Bureau Federation for 1021 it is re corded that more agricultural leg islation was written by this extra ordinary session of Congress than during .any similar period since the gavel first fell in the State House in Philadelphia. It was practically at enacted in the six weeks after the administration's two attempts to adjourn the Senate . The farm bloc, which had no been in existence prior to May 0, 1021, in two short months had become the most elVec tive political force in the I'nitcd States, and in another mouth had erach'ed the full height oi its legis lative power. It stands today as the most effective organized force in* Congress. Hon Arthur Capper, of Kansas, is now Chairman of the Senate Bloc and Clement C. Dick inson. Congressman from Iowa, isi the leader of the House group." PRODUCERS IN SECOND PLACE. The Producers Co-operative Com mission Association, Which' opened for business on November 1st at East Buffalo, New York, handled 81 carloads of live stock during the first week, and stood second among the 15 commission firms at that .market. The Cattle Raisers and Producers Commission Company of Fort Worth Texas, was th'e sixth among the pro ducer-owned and controlled co-op erative commission companies to be established under the auspices of the National Live Stock Producers Association. The Producers Live Stock Cnimis sion Association at National Stock Yards; had a banner week last week handling 1 SH loads, or II cars more than the former busiest week, which was in June. The stock receipts at the East St. Louis yards were excep tionally heavy, especially the hog run. The "Producers" received 55 loads of hogs on Tuesday and sold I the only car of hogs at the extreme top. On Wednesday, two out of three loads at the extreme top were sold by the "Producers." The St. Louis Company handled (J78 cars in Oct., a gain of 118 over September. The Chicago Producers Commis sion Association had 1 HI cars last week and stood in eleventh place. At Indianapolis the Producers Com mission Association handled 21.17 per cent of all the live stock and stood in first place with 181 cars. At Peoria, III., the Producers Com pany handled 22 carloads. ORCHARD SOLO. One of the largest transactions in orchard property in the Potomac Valley territory has just been con eluded in the sale of the Knobley Mountains orchard of 55(1 acres, the largest in Mineral county. West Va., live miles south of Keyset' ,to Dr. E. P. Mertz, William A. Hill and Ceo. Minetree, all of Washington, I). C. The consideration is SI 05.000. The orchard has 20,000 apple trees, all bearing, and 2.000 peach trees. The oldest apple trees run 11 to 1(3 vers. The new owners ex pect to cultivate the property and add .many improvements. THANKS TO THE MERCHANTS, I To the Merchants, who have so generously bought space to make th'is drive possible, we extend our thanks. To Greenbrier Farmers we say these Merchants are worthy of your support . To Ihe Editors and crew of Ihe Independent office wv withould our thanks until next week KXKCIT1VE COMMITTE OF GKKENBHIEI! COl* NT V FAHM Ml MEAT. [ P?> It. A. i'.app. President. 1922 Executive Committee of the A. F. B. F. This is the executive committer of the American Farm Bureau Federation elected by the Board of Directors at the Third Annual meeting held in Atlanta, Georgia , November 21-23. They are, reading from left to right: Top Row ? //. E. Taylor, New Jersey. J. T. Orr, Texas; 11. C. McKenzie, New York; Ja-*tes IV. Morton, Georgia; Howard Leonard, Illinois. Bottom Row ? Ralph Snyder, Kansas; E. F. Richardson, Massachusetts; Jok?o. Brcnun, Indiana; W. II. Walker, California; Gray Silver, West Virginia John F. Burton. Utah; Charles S. Brown, Arizona. CO-OP FARMERS TO AID CONGRESS. The iirst actual nation-wide gath ering of the Farmers and Farmers* business organizations is expected to result from the eall issued by the National Council of Farmers' Co operative Marketing Associations for <a convention of farmers' co-op erative marketing organizations to be held in Washington, December 14, 15 and lt>, to discuss rural credit legislation in connection with' the handling iand marketing of farm pro ducts. The national convention was called a.s the result of a letter by Senator Arthur Capper, chairman of the Senate Farm Bloc, to Aaron Sap iro, national counsel and leader of the co-operative marketing move ment, that such a conference should be held for the purpose of aiding Congress lo draft permanent rural credit legislation to supersede the present laws, which are of tempor ary character. The plan to doctor the St. Lawrence river ?o that ocean ihips can dock and unload at Chicago, Duluth and other Lake ports of the middle west is a present protege of the American Farm Bureau. Farmers are enthusiastic, for it is reducing the rail haul and then by cutting the freight charges will give them more for their products, '.rain can be delivered without expensive transfer to other car riers, to all ends of the world. Trans portation by water is five times as cheap as by rail. It is figured that middle west wheat can be laid down on the Liverpool markets ten cents a bushel cheaper than it can now. It is proposed that the l imed States and Canada co-operate in this great undertaking, sharing in an initial ex pense of $252,728,000 for deepening the St. Lawrence river and enlarging the canals around its rapids. Kngineers have figured that the hydro-electric power that will be tubsequently developed can pay for the whole project in fifty year*. Transportation is prohibitively costly at the present time because the crowded condition of New York and other At lantic seaports necessitates much ware housing and loading and unloading of goods at those terminals. The addition of new seaports would relieve this congestion. By building a canal across Illinois from Lake Michigan at Qticago to the Mississippi river at St. I Louis, the I'nitcd States would automat ically create seaports at Kansas City, i Memphis. New Orleans, Louisville, C'in ( olutnous anci mutaio. it is estimated that the saving to the farmers of the rich if.iildlc west would run i;;> ir.to the bfl !i j;:s of dollars a \ e u ENDORSES LAKES TO THE SEA. FARM BUREAU EDITION. In order to encourge the Farmers of Gren brier County to oganize, get together and promote their own collective interest, the Independent this week is being run as a Farm Bureau Edition. Besides this, in order to help defray the expense of the Farm Bureau Drive in the coun ty the Independent, this week, lias turned over free three pages of ad-, vertising space which was solicited by the gentlemen engaged in pro moting this work and the price of the 'advertising will be collected by them and t'h'e receipts go into the Farm Bureau Treasury. We do this not because we are financially able lo do it but because we have an in tense interest in the farmers of (Irecnbrier County .and want them to organize for the benelit of their | own business interests in every pos- 1 sible legitimate way. As lias been announced many turn's | ibelore in the Independent the time j is now here for the Farmers to take |a lead in their work; study their J J business and the possibilities of Greenbrier county ami work co joperatively for the development and I advancement of the opportunities. The Farmers have greater resources than any other set of people in the county and they should wield a , greater influence. II onl\ takes ef ; fort and purpose. II is lo aid in j this efl'ort that lite paper is run in | the interest of the Farmer this week, j THE SUM AND SUBSTANCE OF IT. J "What the Fanner wauls more ;than anything else just now." says i Secretary Wallace, "is lo pa\ oil his ; debts instead of going deeper into jdebt. He wants better prices for his I farm products so hecan pay debts." i Better farm credit will help him | do both. It will help him borrow to pay what he owes, and thereby get more tune to wipe his debt out instead of being wiped out by it. And also it will help him lo hold his products for fair prices and a fair return, instead of putting them on a market ruinously low and de pressing prices still further. It takes an average of * I a day frt)in every family in the I'nited States to support the Federal Gov ernment. and about as much more for State and local governments. If an agent were sent around to col lect that much from each household wouldn't there go up a how l? lieve neue collecting is a great game of plucking the goose without making it squak. FARMERS. It is just as important to study and work out marketing and other business problems as it is to pick (apples or put up hay. Our business will never be on a sound permanent paying basis until we do. We must Wave a strong level headed organi zation if we are to get results. The Farmer is doing tilings worth while in Washington Legislative, transportation and financial prob lems are being worked out. Can you relize what it , means to have l, OUO.OOO fanners working together for a common cause? Do you real ize that three times a day all people sit down to our TABLE? The welfare of the farm business is a big part of th'e Nation's prob lem. We must expand and get out- j side of our farm fences, and take aj hand in the >afiiairs of our State and Nation. Of all business from window [washer to the great steel interests, ours is the only one not organized. Do you Farmers realize that largo ' manufacturers of ice cream, of Boston and other large cities, are buying Argentine. Danish and other 'foreign butter and are putting it in cold storage to be used in the mak ing of ice cretin That cocanut oil is replacing cream in many brands of condensed milk? Are the American Farm Bureau Federation willing to protect their own business? We believe they are. We must be stronger than ever so we may bring sufficient pressure in Congress ami I'nited States Sen ale to get just tarill laws to protect us from the use of cocanut oil in .milk, ice cream, butter and lard and other food products. This oil is the product of Coolie labor. Taxes are growing higher and higher. Is it not time the Farmers of this Nation take charge of their problems in stead of trusting theirs to others? If you are ready to protect your business, JOIN. MR. FARMER. Do you realize we never go on a strike, but run our factory Days in The Year, tilling the soil, working early and late, lighting insect pests, sowing and reaping so the people may eat? Converting raw material into pure WOOL instead of SHODDY; produc ing pure milk, cream and lard in stead of BOC.l'S? Better prices for our products will not only help clothe nd educate our children, but will help the wel fare of Ibis nation. i WHY A FARM BUREAU-WHY A TEH DOLLAR MEMBERSHIP FEE. No farmer can successfully farm witlvut proper tools. The writer in 1919 paid $250.00 for a binder; used it five days; the balance of the year it stayed in the shed. I coidd have bought a cradle ? the tool my father used ? for $3. but where would my grain have been? 'Hie Farm Bureau is several farm tools combined, work ing every day in the year. Such as working for lower taxes and freight an honest Tariff; long time credit; so he may have the same privileges as e.mjoyed by cities. For more than II) yeai s the farm er worked early and late lo produce neglecting everything else. Today he realizes he musl be represented in his State, as well as National Cap tol. When any farm problem comes up the County Farm Bureau takes care of his local problems: his State the State- probelins; the National working on world wide Farm Prob lem . T<? day so it is necessary to have pi oner funds to carry on boys' and girls* work, assisting not only the Farm Bureau but the Farm Wo man's Work, as well. The *10.00 fee is divided as fol lows: *7.00 left in County to be ex pended by the Farmers in the Coun ty: -S2.f)0 goes to the State Associa tion Headquarters. Charleston; 30 cents to the National. The books are always open to members show ing where every cent is used down to a postage stamp. Unless the County has a strong Association the State will be weak ?weak State means a useless Nation al. The Officers of Greenbrier Coun ty are out to make this the banner Farm Bureau in West Virginia. FARMERS' MEETINGS. The following Farmers' Meetings will he held in Greenbrier county next week. No charges or collec tions will he taken ? all free. The farmer, his wife :in<l children, and every one interested in agriculture is invited. A full discussion of farm problems will be had at each meet ing and all questions will be an swered. Let every one "wWo possibly can attend these meetings. All of these Meetings will be held at 7 : 30 p. 111. Don't forget ! 7 :30 p. m. Monday, Nov. 20th ? Frankford, (High School Bidding) 7:30 p. in. At Henick, (Farm Bureau Hall. Tuesday, Nov. 21st ? Julia, 7:30 p. m (School-house.) Leonard, (School-house.) (Wednesday, Nov. 22 ? White Sulphur ( Kakle School-house) Alvon, Brown School-house I Thursday, Nov. 23rd ?At Ncola, ( School-house. > Meadow Bluff, (Woodmen's Hall) ! Friday. Nov. 2 Ith ? Bupert. (Frame School ) Keifl'cr. ( School-house. > j Saturday, Nov. 2.">lh llughart, ( School-h'ouse.) Williamsburg, lli.uli School Building.) Monday. Nov. 27lli ? Asbury. School house. Blue Sulphur. Springs, ( Srhool-iiou.se. ) Tuesday. Nov. 28th ? Dawson. Knapp School-house) Wednesday, Nov. 20th ? Smoot. Hiftfi School Building. FARM MEETING. The first meeting of the Farm Bu reau drive was held at the Court House, Lewisburg, last Tuesday evening. There were about fifty farmers present and the future re sults of the work in the county is very flattering. M< GINNIS ELECTED. The returns last week were in complete and we .reported Sen. Wjn. 1L McCiinnis, of Beckley, Democrat ic candidate for Supreme Court de feated by Judge Meredith, ,Bepubli can candidate. Later returns proves that McCiinnis was successful and is elected by over ."?.000 majority.