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’ i X - P + A -- > ﬁ : ﬂ a3 £ j e b oW e S s™!> : . s < . 32te Aarg, THE “AVIS" 1S PUBLISHED BVERY WRDNESDAY AND SATURDAY. m—-—*— JOLLY OLD SMUGGLERS. The following are some extracfs from an arhiele 19 the N. X, ¥ Sun,” headed < History of the West India Trade and Smuggling . « Ngw Haven, July 21.—*There! Try that. Kegale your nose with its aroma, delight vaur palate with its flavor, enrapture your soul with the beaded joy of it, and then say if you ever drank ram before in your life.”” So spoke « Unecle Dave” of New Haven, holding under his nose o glass of dark straw-tinted liquid, while 2 smile of intensa satisfaction wreathad Lis Jips and made liis eyes twinkle, A silence ensued ;s then two veices utterad together, vAL and two glasses descended simultane ously, with a faint click, on the marble table. The old man contined: * You folks down in New Yourk don’t get any such Sauta Cruz as that. New Haven is where you have to come to getit. You drink ‘nigger rum;’ yes, the first distillation, such as the planters give in tubfuis to their negroes when the crop season is over. lUs not quite as new as when the darkies get it, but the Lord knows it's raw enough yet, But New Yorkers think it’s good ! Now this is double canned rum. In other word», it has been rectified and kept under con ditions to insura its proper maturing for at least a year, in the planter’s baods, before it « was etnt tormArket, and that was a good many years ago, 'lnat rum which you have just drank has, to my koowladgs, been in Neow Haven for tweive years. Sach liquor huris nohody, taken in moderation, eBI have taken i+ for more than fifiy years, and I'm a pretty well preserved speciman, I think,” “ But how does it happen that New Ilaven e~joys an exclusive privilege to this nectar ? « It would cost too much for places which bad to get it through the Custom House.” ¢ Ah! thon this has been smaggled has it?” «Pyy another glas3 of it and see whether it tasies o i7 a gauger's stamp bad ever struok a chill to its heart, I don’t think there ever has. DBut miod you, I don’t say it was smug gled. Tdou't know anything about such things. It stands to reason, though, that good liquor would be cheapest and commouest in a town which had for 120 years enjoyed almost a mouopoly of the trade of the country whence it comes, when in-bound vessels have to pass lonely beaclies like those of Napeague harbor, in the night, and are 8o liable to lose a few casks overboard now and then, before getting ia sight of a Custom House officer. Buat if you hava any curiosity about if, I'll introduce you to a couple of jolly old fellows wio do know, and perhaps you can get them to tell )'Ou.” The jully old fellowa were found, after a time wore induccd to become communicative, and an intercsiing story they had to tell abont Connecticut’s West Indies trade and the smuggling that, in early days, constituted no unimportant featurs of its excitements and profits. In the beginning of the West Indies trade it was rather of the nature of individual specula tive venture than of organized commercial enterprisa, Vessels used to clear for ¢ Santa Croz, St. Thomas, or a market.” Betwaen 1822 and 1825, however, the old Trowbridge firm introduced aun improved order of things by the establishment of branch commarcial houses in Barbadoes and 'L'rinidad. Since then their system has been extanded by others until the trade for years has been perfeotly organized. 'T'ae leading West Indies houses, sinos 1833, have been in New Haven, and are remembared as H. Trowbridga Sons, L. W. & P. Armstrong, T. Towner & Co., Russell & H. O. dotehkiss, _Smith Tattle & Barnes, and Campbell & Spen cer. . The latter were principally in the Dema rara trade, in the Spanish main. Thers were two Barneses in the firm with Smith Tauttle, Horace and Harvey Barnes. From 1353 to 1865, *Peck Bros. alsy did a very larga West Indies business. Thon they failed. It has saemed Inevitable that howaver solidly estab lished ‘and oautious firms in this trads have 3 ‘7-":&'-- .- REDIGERET TRYKT OG UDGIVET AF CHRISTIAN DAHL. CHRISTIANSTED, LORDAGEN den 7do OCTOBER 1876. been, and however enormous have been their profits, their failure was only a question of time, 'The secret of this i 3 no doubt found in advarces to planters, and large credits to them, in material costing tha merchant ready money, followed by a season of bad erops, which ren ders the planter unable to pay his debt. Under the pressura of a single disastrous season small firms are liable to go down, but even the largest are forced to feel it keenly when one erop fiilure follows another. It is affirmed that if one had a record of Conuecti cut failures in the West Indies trade, it would ha at the same time a correct record of the bad erop years, At present this traffis is in the hands of H. Trowhridge Sons, L. W. & P, Armstrong, and . Phipps, who isthe successor under the old name, however, of the firm of T. Towner & Co. While New Huavea capital still controls the trada, vessels are now general ly eonsigued to New York by the first mention ed of these three firms, and frequently by tha other two. Each will probably average the receipt of one vessel per weelk the year through, with a eargo of the mean vaiue of about $25,000. Ram, sugar, and molasses a-e tha principal sta ples for return eargoes, with Tark’s Island salt in the off months of summer aud antamn, when the products of the cane orop are nit in season, A considerabls amount of cocoa is also brought from 'rinidad, and captains, as their perqui gites, with which the owncrs have nothing to do, often bring from 10,000 to 30.000 Porto Ric) oranges at a time. I'hese oranges being tha largest, sweetest, and juiciest, that reach this country, it wou!d seem that owners might deem it werth whila to do something with them, but tipy do not, preferring to stick con servatively to less perishible classes of mer ¢handise, Tln tamarinds, guava jelly, and many other delicacies of which ona would naturally expeet large impertations from tha West Indies Islands, there is actualiy nothing done, in what is properly known as this trade, these things coming only from Cuba. So much for the legitimata West Indies trade ; but who shall ever teil in full the story of the smuzyling which ones furmed so large a sonre: of revenas to many of the dwellers along the shores of Connecticut and Long Island. And that was not so long ago but that one can get to-day in New Haveu and Woodbridre, and wvarious other places in the vicinity, abundanea of liquors which have never paid duties; not even so long ago but that qnite young men rem+mber as a recent acquaint anca the old fisherman who lived down on Lighthouse Puint, who was supposed to be but half-witted, and whoss winning a precarious living from lobsters and olamy, was always a puzzle to many people; but who was, by certain persons, known to be one of the deftest and most cunning * shore men” whoeversaved a smuggled package, and who strangely dis appeared suddenly, for the simple reason that he was rich enough, and chose to go somewnera else to spend his money. Going out, the principal smuggling ever done into the West Indies was in “locofoco” matches, in 1837. ‘These wera then worth $2.50 per gross in New Haven, and found ready sale for $3 per gross to an old negro who used to eoma off from iha shore, in the dark, at Santa Cruz. Ouwners issued the strictest orders against the carrying of matches by either officers or sailors, but that, said the forbidden parties, was simply from a design 10 keep all that lacrative branch of smugzling in their own hands. Orders amounted to nothing however. Officars and men used to go on board with matches in their kits, matehes in their hats, matches in all their pockets aud theirbread bags ; matshes, in faot, wheraver they coald conceal them from obsarvation, uatil they almost walk ed humpbacked with their waight of “locofocu” matohes. Taen, having mada money by smug gling one way, they were not slow to talke chances for doabling thair oapital by keeping up the practice on their return. Did vessel owners and West lodia traders themselves eucourage and practics smagzling? Pbatis a delicate question to answer, “ You smaggled oa your own aocount, and got rich at it, did you not,” askad the reporter of an old captain, ’ Heo leanad back in his chair and laughed. Tuen ha swalloved asother ram punch in"an easy habitaal way, avdveplied : < There are lots of fakllows ‘about hara, I suppose, Who could tell you all about smuggling, but I oan’t, for you sce I never was really into it my self.” [lncredulous chorus of “Oh! oh! oh!" from two old comrades.| ‘Then the old fellow laughed again, and wiped his eyes, and called for another rum punch, and went on, “Well, I'il tell you any way how I've heard it was carried on. The vessels used to run in by Montauk Point, managing to get along there at night and turn into Napeague habour. Down by what is known as IFresh Pond, and perhaps also near Abraham’s Landing, there used to be people on shora who were pretty well posted about when to expeat friends along that way, and who kept a sharp look out for them, A red light would flash from the shore A white Light would answer from the schooner. Then a white light from the shore and a red one fiom the schooner. Perhaps the colors, or their order might be varied, but it meant the same thing, that the coast was clear, and all safe. If all the siguals and exchanges were not given, it was beeause there was some reason for sus pecting all was not right, and thero were other ways of changing the order of the lights end moviog them 80 as to convey warning messages. But supposing all was right, the schooner weould just ehuck overboard what easks or puocheons of rum Bhe had to leave there, aud, without ever stopping, beat out of the harbour and keep right on her course past Gardner’s Island and up to New Hivou, S)m:timas, they do sy, things which could aot ba left at Napeagaus hazbor hava boon cared frr at Gardner's Island.” «Aadat Savin’s Roek, and Lighthouse Point, and Sonth End also—~is it not so?”’ “Well, thoso places are protty near home. We'd botter tallk about some a little farther off. Yoa mightsay that there was searcely any place near the shore, in those days, where there wasn’t a good show for care being taken of things that happened to full overboard. Why, everybody around here loved the Government to death, but I Jon't believe there was a man in all Connec ticut from whom you cou!dn’t bave hired his ox team, if ho had oue, to haul smuggled rum to Oanada for 83 a day.” “ After the rum was thrown overboard, what next became of it '’ « People came out In small boats and found it «for, you know, a cask of rum ean’t sink— and put it away ocarefully in the sedge, where it wouldn't attract notica and atiraet impertinent curiosity, and perhaps get stolen. Then somebody else would coms along and find it in the sedge, and convey it away, and somehew it would get into somae cellar in town, or perbaps out in the country until it was wacted, and that's all there was about it."” « Was theres any other important ‘smuggling than that in rum 1" ¢ In later years thera used to be something done in bay oil, from Porto Rico, .on which there i 3 a duty of about 810 a gallon, but that stuff was 8o oostly that it involved a goad deal of risk, It came in bottles and was worthisl a bottle. Well, you come to sink ten or a dozen bottles of that stuff, at a given point, with a rope attached for the tongs to cateh, and ‘then have some awkward shoemaker of a fellow granpling for them smash four or five bottles before ne gets them up, or have the tide smash them, which is just as bad, and it knocks the profit out of your speculation.. Besides, even supposing you get it safe ashors, it’s a ‘mighty ticklish stuff to handle, it’s 8o expensive, Only big houses ot manufacturing druggists and such want it, and they are liable to fight shy of smuggled staff. It isn't like rum, you ses, that every sensible person wants. Why, ‘T know of one case where a captain got one hundred botiles of bay oil ashore, and sent a fallow down to New York with a sample to sell it. The houses he went to not only wouldn’t touch it, but they*actuallys gave him away, and the officers tracked him until they found the whole lot, thres weeks after, in the captain’s hen-coop and seized it. - Ah! that was‘a loss «Is smuggling still ocarried omn«in:.this vioinity §” o eoa 4 e giSe U “I don’t see any. I have ijag ﬁ;h_‘.t gﬁthin five years a schooner cams into thig port taden with soma of the most -deleious '‘rum “éver brought from the West Ind(i]es. She got indn. the dead of night, and any witl;%xre ey. ,'é aoﬁg‘t&ght‘hfﬂg’ében a.lé?x%.yloy.‘ ack ggo with mufled | osrs,and three men fn Aier, /fun No, 81.