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Ceredo crescent. [volume] (Ceredo, Va.) 1857-1861, January 07, 1860, Image 1

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Flomlac a Tctcrui.
Thar* lived in the State of Masaachuaett*.
during tbe last war with England, • veteran
named Capt. Blunt. He waa, with moat of the
people of New England, opposed to that war,
%lule it ao happened that a majority of hia im
mediate towaamen were in its favor. Polities
raa high.. T%, Captain waa a warm partiaan,
and often eameioto eolliaikn with hia oppotasta
c— "* *. ■■ --■.JCw;
afKm -'wc.-vMapK
Ha bad a slIUHUe turn which wak exceed
ingly provoking to hia oppooents, whom ho
charged with being bar-room and grog-ahop war
rior*, and fighting all their battlea in the chim
neycorner. Dispute after dispute arose. The
Captain dealt out hit sarcasms, and the war-men
bluaterrd in return.
"If you was a younger man," said Peter Gust,
''I'd give you an all-fired licitio."
"Never mind my age," returned the Captain,
"if tbat'a all you're afraid of.
"It wouldn't be do credit to lick a man old
enough to be my grandfather," aaid tbe windy
"No, nor to get beat, if you should under
take.it," replied the sturdy veteran. " You talk
about fighting! Why, all your valor lies in
your towgue."
These disputes occurred so often, and so pro
vokingly, that Peter Gust and bis valorous com
peers at last determined that the Captain, old
aa he waa, should hive a flogging. But instead
of nndcrtakiog it themselves, they hired n
atout he-nigger, as they called him, to do it for
This-sable mercenary enrac to tlie Captain's
house prepared to eiecutc his commission. Ho
bad as uiuch courage as his employers, and con
siderably more of good manners. Not deeming
it either honorublu or polite to attack the veter
jtn, without first naming his object, he began —
"Massa Cup'ctn Bluaip, I is conic to give jou
one all-jo-fire lickio."
"You have, hey !" said the Captain, seizing a
hoop-pole which lay near hiui.
"Yes, mass.v But I no do it on my own
'casion. Mr. Peter Cuss, ho and two tree odder*,
dey hire me."
"Well, you go home and tell Mister Peter
Gust, ond two or thrre others, if Ihcy have ony
business with me, to conic themselves."
'-No, massa, I mustn't do dat. I promise on
my sakcr honor, for two quart o' rum da't I sib
you de nioso infernal li.-kin you cbcr had in
vour life. Now, 51«« Il'ump. yon put down
dst hoop-potc. nii'i i qo u dreclily." T!iimrrj
ing, Cato put himself in an attitude of attack.
"Get out of the way, you black rascal," said
the Captain, "before I knock you down."
"I titita lick yon. massa," said the persevering
negro, stil^ making demonstrations of an attack ;
"'cause you sec 1 'gage to do it, and my honor
bo on a stake. I beg yon pardon most unccrc
ly. You ncber injure me. But what I 'gage
to do, I'm bound to do. Dat is de honorable
ting, Maraa Blutnp."
"Get out of the way," said the Captain again,
' don't trouble me with your jaw."
"Not wid my jaw, massa-—I no bite—I take
my fist." Then doubling up his huge black
paw, he made a pass at the Captain. But the
reteran, who knew bow to adapt his warfare to
the nature of the enemy, stepped aside very
dexterous'v for an old man; and fetching the
hoop-pole a sweep, took Cato full upon the shins.
One blow was sufficient. Down dropped the
mercenary, and kicked, and rolled orcr, and
rubbed his shins, and bawled with all his might:
"Oh, massa! massa! you kill me dead! you
break my shin! Oh! don't lush mc 'j in, I beg
on you. Massa Blump. My brains all smash
oat now!"
"Your brains! Why. where do you keep your
brai ns? I haven't touched your head."
"Dad wat ni:ikc me feel so h.id, inassa. You
trike uiy hcid I no mind it—but O! gosh-n I
mighty! -trike a poor black fellow on de shin!
dat beat mc all to nossin— I no tan dat."
"Pick op your black carcass now," said the
Captain, and elenr out. And hark here—do
jom tell those cowardly white niggers that sent
yon bcre to be flogged, that if they wilt come
themselves, I am roudy to treat with them upon
tbe eanto teras "
"But, raises, I can't pick up myself—I can't
Ul," «aid tho black, making an effort to rite.
"Cau't tan ! Well, I'll tan your hidu for you."
Saving that, the Captain drew his hoop-pole,
and wis about laying on again, when Cato's legs
recruited wonderfully; and springing up, ho
lM|Md home as well as his battered shins would
When he told his glory to Putor Gust and his
companions, they stormed, swore like troopers,
■ad declared that the old Captain must be flog
gsd if they had to do it with their own bands.
"Berry well," said Cnto—who had taken a gill
of mm, and was shaking it down into hit shins
—"Misecr Cap'ero Blomp, he ready for you—he
• hoop-pole all cut an' dry—he flog ebery
ble on you, all in a beap. He terrible ole
■ID—dat Cap'em .Blump."
"lie roust be flogged," aaid Peter Gust, on
4#*«oring to rait* his own conrsge by bluster
"It talis • mao to do dat, Mass* Guss,' said
Cato, who Ml groaning over hie wounded shins
—"an if you take • niggo.s device, you'll no
tub him—you let Misser Blump 'lone, here
after, foreber so a day."
Peler Gust and bis compeer* i/icatercd auout,
•wore, draok rum, aod finally set out to put
tksir threat* in execution against tha aturdy o. -
Captain. But their oourage, like that of Bob
Acres, ooted out by the wey, the advice of Cato
«m adopted; aod nothing mora was said abtfut
logging the veteran.
The British Government is drawing
largely on the whito-oak forests of Virginia.—
OverAhrea hundred men ara now employed io
out tiaber in the mountains sear Rowl
<I>H, an th# Cheat river, which ie to b* used
9m guu-earriages. The contractor has order*
•Mob H will take two year* to complete. The
(Ofctat Hear oak W aaid to be th* betf ret ira
Cad fat* Kogland, and far surpassing tbo
ada oak, which it If tqperacding.
Tax Feet i* Winter Time—No person uao
be well long, whose feet are habitually cold}
while securing for tbem dryness and warmth, is
the certain means of removing a variety of ao
noying ailments. The feet of some aro kept
more comfortable in winter if cotton is worn,
while woolen suits othora better. The
oourse, therefore, la for aacl> an* to obaarvo fa
famiwtf. ana ScraBuloua clean
WeTeit; WBK ill, aapaelaHy those Irho- walk
\ great deal out of doors daribg the dav in eold
weather, should make it a point to dip Doth foet
in cold water on rising every morning, and let
'.hem remain half ancle deep, for half a minute
at a time, then rub and wipe dry,-dress and
movo about briskly to warm them up.' To surh
as cannot well adopt thia course, tbs next best
plan ia to wash them in warm water every night
juet before going to bed, taking the precaution
to dry them by the fire mcst thoroughly before
retiring; this, besides keeping the feet clean,
reserves n natural softness to the skin, and
as a tendency to prevent and cure corns.—
Many a troublesome throat affection, and many
an annoying hcadache will be curcd if the feet
are kept always clean, warm, soft and dry.—
Some feet are kept cold by their dampness from
incessant perspiration ; in such eases cork soles
arc injurious, bceause they soon bccoine satur
ated, and maintain moisture for a long time.—
Soak a cork in water for a day or two and see
A better plan is to cut a piece of broadcloth the
size of the foot, baste on it half an inch thick
ness of curled hair, and wear it iusidc the stock
ing, the hair touching the stlc; remove it at
night and place it before the fire to dry until
morning. The hair tillilatcs the skin, thereby
warming it soius, and conducts the dampness to
the cloth. Scrupulous cleanliness of feet and
stockings, with hair soles, arc the be->t means
known to us keeping the feet warm when tltcy
aro not cold fruit, decided ill health. A tight
shoe will keep the feet as cold as iec, when a
loose fitting one will allow tliera to be comfort
ably warm. A loose woolen sock over a loose
shoe will maintain more wnrmth than the thick
est solo tight fittiog boot. Never start on a
journey in winter nor any other time, with a
new shoe. [Mull's Journal of Health.
Importance of Xt»TfHNi».—Nothing is more
important thun to understand the subject about
wliieh you propose to instruct others.
Nothing is more accept able to a hungry man
than bread and meat.
Noth'.ti*; prca^tes happiness more than even
Nothing it more likely to produce wealth
than industry. -
Nothing will preserve wealth, when scquircd,
better than ceo..omy.
Nothing better promotes health thun temper
ance and excreisc.
Nothing adds more to the respectability of a
man than a character for probity in all his ne
Nothing adds greater charms to beauty than
modesty and affability.
Nothing is more becoming in youth than re
spect to their elders.
Nothing endear* n servant more to his em
ployer than never to abuse his confidence.
Nothing is, therefore, more valuable than
til'j-il things. For he who possesses nothing
which renjers him disagreeable to his fell>w
men, or in any wise dissatisfied with himself,
must be the happiest man on earth ; and, since
the Philosopher's Stone ha; always been looked
up to as the medium through which this happi
ness was to he obtained, it follows, wo think,
logically, that the Philosopher's Stone is—noth
CJoon Stock tub most Profitabt.k.—In my
father's yard during tlic winter arc several bend
or cattle, young and old. Knnic are natives, but
the greater portion arc grades witb from one
balf to seven-eights Short horn blood in them
All the stock arc treated alike, and receive the
same food, and the same care and attention.—
The cows nro warmly stabled, and the young
stock have good warm sheds, and plenty of straw.
The native co^s eat their meals quickly, and
then grab all they can from their neighbors.—
The native stock in the yard do the same. The
grades eat quietly and contentedly, and submit
to being plundered of their last morsels by the
others. Yet the grndes come out in the spring
increased in size, in good condition, and with
ileck coats, while the natives seem to stop grow
ing and get so poor it requires a summer pastur
•g« to get up their condition ani start their
growth i.*ain. fW. 8.
When the summer of youth is slow
ly wasting; into the night-fall of age,
and the shadows of the past years are
growing deeper and deeper, as if life
were on its close, it is plcnsant to look
back upon the sorrows and felicities of
years. If wc have a home to shelter
and hearts to rejoice with us, and the
friends have gathered together by our
firesides, then the rough places of our
wayfaring will have been worn and
smoothed away in the twilight of life,
while the sunny spots we havo passed
through will grow brighter and more
beautiful. Happy, indeed, are those
whoso intercourse with the world has
not changed tlio tone of their holier
feelings, or broken those musical cords
of the heart, whose vibrations are so
melodious, so touching in the evening
of age.
Spake moments are the gold dust
of time. Of all portions of our life,
spare moments are the roost fruitful
in good or evil. They are the gaps
through which temptation finds tne
easiest across to the soul.
The L«Bf Loit Out.
Soroo weeks since we published an accoaa*.
the finding of tho long lost gun of Mr.i Dw»>
Rowell, nesr the bank of the Kanawha riv«n»
what is now Wirt County. This gun hit ■
como a subjcct of historical interest, from tn**
reason*; TIm fallowing statement *1 MB
which bit H* rftliad UNI — h41 iff
> m~ • i»» mt a——1 * * >»!'■- 111 1
Mr iwrry Heal, wwo was •* the urns •*
the Indians, and alio a nephew of Nr. l)ani«l.
Rowell, who made Iris escape from thorn and It
whom_ the long lost gun belonged :
"In the fall of 1793, Mr. Daniel Rowell, Mr.
Henry Neal and Mr. Trippet started
from Pnrkersburg, on a hunting expedition up
the Litt e Kanawha river, in a canoe. They
proceeded up the river M>out thirty miles, and
cncampcd on the nortli side of the river, nesr
the mouth of what is now known as Burning
Spring run. While there, Mr. Daniel Rowell
took off the lock of his gun for the purpose of
fixing tbe spring. Soon hearing on the oppo
site Mde of the river, what tbey supposed to be
a flock of wild turkeys, tbey at once concluded
to go over, and kill some for their present use.
Mr. Ncal and Trippet wcro standing up in tbf
canoe, and Mr. Ruwcll was seated in tho stcrf
for the purpose of steering and working th>
same. As the en it oc struck the opposite ot
South shore of the river, the Indians shot anl
killed Mr. Xeal and Mr. Trippett, nnd they bot|
fell into the river. Mr. Dunict Rowell spranf
from the stern of the boat with his gun in hii
hand and snruui back to the north shore; a»4
while swimming was shot at several times but
missed. On getting up the bank of the river)
he saw that the Indians were pursuing him U
the canoe, and to facilitate his escape, hid his
gun under, as he always said, a rcd-aek log in
Burning Spring ltun. From thence be passed
out a short distance from the river through a
low gap, and the better to cludo their pursut,
changed his course, and rc-crosscd the river a
few miles below where they had been surprised,
and returned to the mouth of tho river, gave the
alarm, and raised a party, but several days huv
i«g intervened, the pursuit was unsuccessful in!
taking ihc Indians. The bodies of Mr. Ncal'
and Trippet were rccovcrod and inferred.
Probably Mr. Rowell and his party, were dis-.
covered by the Indians in their cauip on tile
north side of the river, and decoyed from thence
by tli2 Indians imitating the cry of the turkeys.
It has been supposed that this was r ',,%1
party of Indians, that were killed s>V>r fftcr,|
nor- Wheeling, as their coursc was in '.lirt i*i-,
Mr. ltowcll died in Illinois in 1851, n^etl 0!'
years. In hi* lil'cfimn, ho .several t'Wrr u'jJe
search for his pun, but appears to ha\e Icon
mistaken as to the point lie entered the mo, it
being much nearer tlio river than he supposed
and not being able to fiud.it, he supposed it hai
been taken by the Indians. During the pa:'
seasou it was found in a state of preservation
so as to be well ideiitlued, although it wassixt;
years ago, yet the remains of tho red oak are t>
be seen at the | laco. The uiuzzlc of the gui
had bccome fast in a dogwood bush, and wis
about six inches above ti,c ground, tho stow
having wholly dccaycd. Tho barrel, (four fc<
long) trigger, guard, muzzle piece, thimble nrf
brass box cover, (with the w>rd» '•Liberty »r
Death," engraved thereon.) has been shipped o
Dr. Neal Howell, a son of Mr. Daniel Rowel,
who resides at Florence Alabama.
^Pmbcrsborg New».
Land anil lahor arc the principal sourcesjof
public ami private wealth. The more fertility
we c.in impart to the one, >ntl the more intcli
gencc we can infuse into the other, the greier
will bo tho returns they make, and the prefer
our means of hnppinoss ; for it is wealth, rigltly
employed, tint enables us to multiply not only
our own, but tl.c co i forts aud happiness of
those around us. Vet it is not a few very *ich
men, or very wise men, be tho sggrcgaU of
wealth and talent ever so great, that give pros
perity end greatness to a State. It is tho jeo
eral diffusion, among a whole people, aiiong
the rank and file of society, of property nod
knowledgo, and the industry, enterprise soi in
dependence which they beget, tbat rendtrs a
Plate truly rcspectoble and great.
IfIT From an onccdoto I heard yesterday, it
would seem that sonic of the good people tip
this Kay arc not very partial to water at a bev
erage. A certain physiriau, visiting a pationt,
found that he had just received a barrel of
whisky, and, as ho w<is opening it, he of course
invited the M. D.. to join him in sampling it.—
About a week afterwards tho doctor nailed s
gain, wheo his friend regretted that Ve had
nothing to offer him. "What I" said tl'e doc
tor, '-is that barrel of whisky gone already ?"—
"Gone? Why certainly it'* gooo ; how long do
yoa espcct • barrel of whiskey to last • mat
with nine chihircn and no milkl" Of coante
the doctor was silent. [N. O. Picsytaoe.
A Yahkt.r. Wirl of Pluck.—The Bangor
Whig says thst by the last steamer from Califor
nia, • young lady who went from Baogor six or
eight years ago, returned, and came to Maine by
Friday's train, leaving at Koodall's Milk to vis
it friends in Somerset county. When thegrest
defaulting banker Meigs, ran away from 8an
Francisco, ho hid in his possession aboat 11200
of this lady's money. He went to 8oath Amer
ica, as it is well known. When the lady got
resdy to eomc, she proceeded first to the South
Americso port whero Meigs landed, bat found
be wss residing throe hundred miles up the
country. Nothing daunted, she started off with
determined pluok, found her man, received 8400
of the money snd proceeded on her voyage.
Oeorg* Woodhouse, a free colored man, died
at Norfolk, Va.; on Saturday morning, aged one
hundred and twenty years. lie was born In
Princoss Anne county, Virginia, in 1739, sad
hsd readied the average age of aan whoa the
Revolutionary war broke out.
8omk seeds of the eork tree wero sent by the
Pstent Office to California, which were plahUd,.
and aboat 75 per cent, have germiested and
promise to bccoma nsturaliied in that etuntry.
Zakla «t«pt up quit* nnbakmotf
rA.po.keJ & thru. t>« w
■ .— I~ — *p» ' wnai
AV there tot Uildr kll'ileM,
Witl bo one gt|^ Ao binder.
■■■ w**kH>*rkf
The lUMi log ibol (ptrklM odt,
Towards Um pootlasL, bless her I
And leetle ires ibiotd all about
The ohiny on Uia dreaaer.
Tba T»ry room, oo> alia war in,
Looked warm from floor to eailln*,
And alia look* I fait ai rosy aglu
As the tipples aha was paalln'.
Sba liaanl a foot and knowc4 ft, tu,
A raapio' on tha scraper,—
All ways to onca liar feelina' flaw
Like aparka in burnt up paper.
lie kind o' l'itered on the mat,
Soma doubtfle o' tha aeekle;
Hia heart kept goln' pity-pat.
But hern want pity Z.kle.
And jet elie gin her cheer a Jerk,
Ei though ahe wished him furder,
An' on her applrs kep' to work
Ex if a wnger spurred her,
"Von want to ace my pa, I j'poae?"
"Wall, nop I come designin'—■'
"To aee my ma? Shea apriukiin' clo'ea
Agin tomorrow's i'nin."
I'e stood a spell, on on) foot fust,
Then stood a spoil on t'other,
And on waich one he felt the wust
lie couldn't W told ye nutber.
Sei he, "I'd belter coll agin;"
8cx sl-e, "Think likely, Ifitter;''
The last words prioked him liko a pin,
And— wal, he up and kist her.
When ma bimcby upon 'em alipe,
Ifnltlj sot, palo na ash's,
All kind o' smiley round the lips
And tcary rouud the lashes.
Her blood rlx quick, though like the tide
Down to the Bay of Fundy;
And all I know is they wut ericd
la mcetin' come next Sunday.
IV l.crc the rocks are gr<iy and the iihoie is steep,
And tho waters lielow look dark and deep;
Where the rugged pine in it* lonoly pride,
Leans gloomiljr over the tnurky tido ;
(Vbcio (he rcedj and rushes oro tall nnd rank,
\nd tho wocdit j»row thick on the winding hank;
iVherc tho shadow id heavy the vrl.oi* Joy
Lays at its mooring the oldtnnr-c.
rJf^Xfsclc** pt(Mlei» are Uly 4ropp«4, -
Like a »ca bird's wioji that the storm hath
And crossed on the railing, one o'er one,
Like folded har.ds when the work is done,
While busily back anil forCti between,
rhe spider Mretchos his silvery scrcon,
Ind the solemn owl, with his doll ' too hoo,"
jetties down on the side of the old canoe.
rho stern, half sunk in the slimy wave,
Rots slowly away in its living grave,
\nd the green nio.'s creeps o'er its dull decay,
Hid ng the mouMcringMust away,
Like tho haqd that plants o'er the tomb a flower,
)r tho ivy that mantles the fallen tower;
iVhile many a blossom oflivclicsl hue
Springs up o'er the stern of the old canoe.
Die currcntless wafers ore dead and still—
flat the light winds p!ny with the boat at will,
tod lazily in and out n£Xin,
[t floats the length of its rusty chain.
Like the weary march of the hands of time,
rhat meet and part at the luoontide chime ;
And the shoro is k ssed at each turn nncw,
By the dripping bow of the o d canoe.
3, many a time with a careless hand
[ have pushed it away from tho pdbbly strand.
And paddled it down where the stream runs
(juick —
Where tho whirls aro wild and the eddies arc
And laughed as I leaned o'er the rocking side,
And looked below in the broken tide,
Fo seetfhat the faces of the boats were two,
rhat were mirrored back from the old canoe.
Rat now, as I lean o'er the crumbling side ;
And look below in the sluggish tide,
rhe face thst I see thero is grarer grown,
And tho laugh that I hoar has asobcror tono,
And the hands that lent to the light skiff wings,
Have grown familiar with sterner things ;
But I love to think of the hours that flew,
As I rocked where the whirls their wild upray
Kre tho blossoms wavod, or the green grass grew
O'er the mouldering stern of the old cnno«.
Ood'b Plan op Yocr Life.—Ne»cr complain
of your birth, yoar training, yoar employment,
your hsrdships ; nerer fancy that yon conld be
lometbing, ir only yon had a different lot and
sphere assigned yoa. God anderstanda His own
Cio, and He know* what you want a great deal
tter than yoa do. The very things that you
■oat flepreciata aa fatal limitations or obatrue
iion«, are probably what yoa moat want. What
yoa oall hindrances, obstacles, diacouragctnenU,
are probably Ood's opportunities; and it is
nothiog new tbat the patient shoalJ dislike hfc
■edieinee, or any eartaio proof that th«y are
poisons. No! a traee to all such impatience I
Cboke tbat devilish envy which gnawa at your
heart beeause yon are io the aamo lot witb oth
ers; bring down yoar aoul, or rather, bring it up
to recafTe Ood's will, and do His work, in your
lot, in yoar ephere, ander your cload of obscu
rity, egainet yoar temptations; and then yoa
shall And that yoar condition is never opposed
to yoar good, bat really eonsistent with it.
[Dr. Bashoell.
A man «m taken up Tor ateiSlIn# aomt vitaa
blc Taney ducka, anil aflor a dcacription of tbem
tha prUonor'a affornoy anfd, ,'Wby, lh«y eao'i
ba ancb ■ rare br#«d, for 1 ha*« aomo of than
ia my own yard."—"Vary likaty," Mid tba eon
plainant; "I have loaf a good many laloly."
Advantages of PalrWuai im An.
The cffeoli of pulverisation trr tjirriog' tl
soil's rs numerous:
■I."It rives free icope tSUb mu of vegeti
Mw^todJbev become mo* ltm>ot io s looi
ft) a bsrd sun.>y #1 «
after and taken op j^Kher
2. It admits the stmosphcric sir to thespon
gioles of. the roots—without which no plsnt cai
n.akc a boslthy growth.
3. It increases tho cnpilliary attraction n
■•poogelike property of soils, by which thci
humidity is rendered uiore uniform j nnd in i
hot season it increases the deposit of dew, nn<
admits it to the roots.
4. It increases the temperature >f the soil it
the spring by admitting the warm air and tcpii
5. It increases the supply of organic food.—
The atmosphere contains carbonic acid, ammo
nia, and oilrio acid,—all most powerful fcrtili
lers and solvents. A loose soil sttracts and
condenses them. R.iiu and dew, also, contain
them. And when these fertilizing gases arc
carried into the soil by rain water, they are ab
sorbed aod retained by the soil, for the use of
plants. On the other hand, if the soil is hard,
the water runs off tbc surface, and instead of
leaving these gases in tho soil, carries off some
of the best portions of the soil with it. Thus,
what might bo a benefit becomes an injury. ,
6. By means of pulverisation, a portion of
the atmospheric air is buried n the soil, and it
is supposed th <t ammonia and nitric acid are
formed by the mutual decomposition of this air
and the moisture of the soil—heat also being
evolved by the changes.
7. Pulverization of the surface of soils serves
to retain the u.oisture in the subsoil, and to
prevent it from being penetratod by heat from
a warmer, as veil as from radiating its heat to
a co der, atmosphere than itself. These effects
are produced by the porosity of tho pulverized
stratum, which acts as a mulch, especially on
heavy soils.
8. Pulverization, also, as the combined effect
of several of the preceding causes, accelerates
the decomposition of the organic matter in the
soil, aod the disintegration of th: mineral mat
ter; and thus prepares the inort aaittor of the
soil for assimilation by the plants.
[Gen. Farmer.
AcTiOM Mr 1'KuitT urm Ouil*.—Th« tohth'r
Erts of (oil is tho inorganic focd of tbe plant. I
i1n wwler cannot t«m« w» •nitax Vrfu >•!
»o I, or even witn » gravel U>«, t srithoutdiaaoi.-;
ing some of it.
Expose almost any stono, or handful of grav
el, washed clean, (o the action of a quarter or to
of rain water for several days, and upon evapo
rating tlie water, poured off carefully from tbe
stones, it will be seen from the whitish residue
left that n portion hed been dissolved^ Now
let the e same stones be exposed, covered or
partly covered with water, in a sauccr, to thn ac
tion of frost; setting them out of doors for two
or three snapping cold nights, taking caro that
they thaw by day. Pour off the water, rinsing
with fresh, and evaporating as above, and it
will be seen that a very much larger quantity
has come into solution.
The reason is, that all stones, being some
what porous, by the action of the frost, their
outer portion is broken up, scaled and fissured,
and a vastly greater surface is exposed to the
action of the water, even though this Assuring
is not visible to the eye.
Application.—When land is exposed to alter
nate freezing and thawing, the sainc effects must
tnkc place ; an 1 when it is thrown into ridges in
the fall, these effects are produced more conve
niently than in my other way.
Snow will lie nnthawed between the ridges,
ensuring a cold teraporature, and the tops of the
ridges will, unless the fall ofSnow is very heavy,
be exposed to the sun and will thaw by day.—
Thus a considerable portion of the soil, during
a great part of the winter, will be alternately
frozen and thawed daily. This effect on many
aoils, especially those of a heavy clayey or grav
elly oaturo, will bo equal to a dressing of ma
nure. [Homestead.
Spermaceti Ointment.—This .n a cooling
and iicsling ointment for wounds. Take a quar
ter of an ounce of white wax. and hnlf an Ounce
of spcrmnccti; put them into a small basin with
two ounces of almond oil. Place the basip by
the sido of the fire till the wax and spermaceti
are dissolved. When cold, the ointment it
read/ for use.
How to ?tain Wood Browv.—First centlj
warm th« wood, and then brush it aver with
anunfortia. If tho color be too yellow, soak it
afterwards in as much water, or wslnut shell
liquor. Tho wood may first be soaked in tur
pentine water, and afterwards in pearlaab w(er,
to tvoder tho process very efficient.
Starch Polish.—To make this polish take
one oonce of spermaceti sod one ounce of tttyte
wax; melt and ran it ioto a thin cake on a pta^s.
A pieee the aito of a qaarter-dollnr, added to'l
((■art of atarcb, gives a beautiful luster to the
elothaa, and prevent* tho smoothing-iron from
Tur. Sky an Indication or thi Weather.
The colors of tbo sky nt particular times afford
wonderfully good guidance. Not only does ■
rot/sunset presige fair weather, and a ruddy
sanrise bad woathcr, but tbore sro other tinti
whlcfc apeak with eqaal olearoess and accuracy
A bright yellow sky in the evening indicate!
wiad : a pale yellow, wet; a oeutral gray ooloi
constitute* a favorable sign in the evening, an
unfavorable one in the morniog. Tha cloud)
again are *M«r nicaniog in thomaclves. Il
their forma ar* :«oft, ondo&pof and feathery
the weatber will ba toe ; if their-edges sro bard
•barn and doflnit it will b«,fa«l. (Jeoerallj
speaking, any deep noutoal buca botoken wind
or rain, while tbe mqre noiet and delieate tinti
bcopoak fair w?atbor. [Sciootiflo Aacricay.
What d|
give* tfccfrtld
Latb* AllkltM
i » *****
la • bivi «r
r«tfa«r dtbMaa
g«riuin«ii>iuv^n — ■ —
corffullj selected from o quantityof bnfr* » hit3
flint, of the previous year'# grov th. Tliat p at
to the depth of one inch, csnie upon the sixth
day ; nnd the rows of two and three incite*. nbuut
'two days later. The row »t four inches was
still more tardy, and nt the end of sixteen dnyn,
only one of the seeds planted ul. six inches,
showed itself above ground. The i-lhers never
came op at all.
iuc rows planted at two and tlirce inches,
gave the best plants, that at one inch the most t
although from sonic unexplained c. uso, about
one sixth of the seed in all the rows, failed of
germinating. Other experiments with nearly
the same results, and close observation of the
different modes of»o\ving. have cosvinced Hie
that covering wheat too deeply is to cause a loss
of a large portion of the teed, and seriously im
pair the germinating powers of the remainder.
Od the contrary, whoa t lie seed wheat is covered
too shallow, it is more liable to destruction from
insects, and from the drouth, and is not so well
prepared to endure the frost of our winters, as
when planted deep v. I apprehend too, that
where wheat is put into barns, packed in lar-jo
mows, and perhaps but imperfectly cured, the
mass, in undergoing the sweatcning process,
through which it is certain to pass, accumulates
so much heat as to change in some r'ezree the
vital properties of the grain, and partially de
stroy its germinating power. Thii may be the
ease without altering in any degree the external
appearance of the grain.
A Ureal Stock Kaliter.
The Chicago Press states that a beef packing
firm in that city have daring the past season,
paid o*cr to David Strawn, of Otlowa, $47,951
88 for beeves of h*a own feeding
Mr. Strawn is a native of Perry county, Ohio.
He has been twenty-nine years a resident of Illi
nois, and has resided for niuiaon years on his
present farm in La Salle county, four mile*
from Ottawo. He ia41 yoars of age. .lie com
menced nineteen years ago,.as the owner of 300
acres of land, bought at 31 '23 per acre, stocked
with a pair of horses and S -wxlcrata c3.tfik .0f
firm iisilamaatjh: °"«r «Km ha W
Wree dollat> QMS Mm.
telligent energy and Vrr. .
The Press adds:
Mr. Strawn is now tlieowMr ottetcn thomaml
acrcs of improved land, worth on an avcrnir '",
twenty-five dollars an acre, or m total of 175,000.
He has fed to the bceve9 he has sold in
Chicago, thi$ season, ten thousand bushel* of
corn, and has still on hand nt his farm, twenty
thousand bushels. He h»s also harvested eight
hundred bushels of oats this season. The drove
fed 00 his corn crop he sold here. We stave at
the outset the sum paid to him by a> single
Chicago be;f-packing home, but that is only a
part of the story.
Mr. Strawn's drove this season was twenty
five hundred head, all marketed this full, giving
an average price of $31, or aaventy-four thou
sand dollars. He has stilt on his farm two
hundred head, which will be Held over, and by
next season will be increased', hy purchases, *cc\,
to from twenty-fivo hundred to three thousand
head, to be fed for next fall's slaughter. What
an increaso is this on the modest drove of thir
ty head, mark-d by Messrs Strawn and Cue in
1845, and how have those princely transactions
and possessions grown on this three dollars sur
plus over that three hundred acre farm in 1841.
These latter date figures remind lis of no liing
more strikingly than wh it wc read of the hitter
estate of the patriarch of Uz.
Now, what Mr. Strawn h is achieved should
be an incitcin nt to hundreds of undeveloped
graziers rroong our Western farmers, many'of
whom will never ad-vancc beyond1 their present
stage for the very lacfc of putting forth iho ci
ertion. A word as to Mr. Strawn's plan of
feeding. Ho pursues the course of commencing
to feed his corn as soon as it hardens', or in **vp
tember, first to caltlc, ant ffocw follows up with
hogs. The corn- is cut in' fIVo stalk witn 11
ear 00. He advise# the rnvncrs of onr v»aa
prairie cornfields to-Puvn- their corn into |>cct
and thus market it, and his own succe.s is di
rectly in poiot.
Three Hzavt Bullous,—Tbrce or 'the
best and hc.vrfe** esMlW -« Ainod ir FiYette
county, or the Stale of Ohio, we helierc, rB
■old Inst week 10 Hoary Bryant nf Ros< munty,
and tro noif on their way fo ?fcw Yo(k .For
Christinns beef. Iloory Kirk's steer weighed
3,000 pounds, lod sold for 927?»; Tlvomj* Kirk's
steer sold for the same, amf weighed ,2,989
pounds; Morgan Kays' eieer sofd fnr the aainu
prlee, and weighted 2,988, jwowds. Bsnt thi*
who ranj We can inforei tie pfnple ' »)>«>ad
«" at these are not all the larflo cattlc wc lt»r*.
tin,end Hency Kirk here yet cach a slcerlhi^
arc detftThed to make larger cattle »Ai»< the nnne
•old. Morgan Hays' steer toek the flrsl'iprti#>i
am at ihe IsstVhio State Fnif.
(Washington Regittrt.
■ — ■ ' •
I*ckeasix<> the #nonr or Wo«i..—-A» c«
ohangc says some farmers hnvo inrrcssetl the
average yield of wool i« their (lo.-ks, by wuiwh
ing each fleece ae it was sbearrd. nnif Grinding
the weighton the animal '* fsntc off, .-mil always
selecting those for Ml* or wl«n~ht«r •ihrft had
the lowest weight of fctce.mrfctd opafl tWim.
VAt.t;E or rn—w . 11 in nr TTii m
York (JWrccr *taU» -■» Ut ff ifc'ht, ii^ ^ilrc»
wss tendered rsccs.iy for ■ pn/c brodgnat be
longing to ths raahmrrtflhawl'dhVtPff o^Tcai
oessee The offsr wa» refwaed TH# oMnpfcny
■ell the wool of *k<ir Wen-eighth bl«*4. g*eU
for 98 per lb.

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