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NEW YORK, SEPT. 27. By: the sloop Packet, arrived on Tues day from Havana, we received a file of Jamaica papers to the 16th ult. inclusive, from which we extract the following South American intelligence : KINGSTON, (jam.) AEG. 9. By the Esperanza, which arrived on Monday evening from Porto Bello, ac counts were received from Parma to the 20th ult. respecting the contest in Peru. Intelligence, it appears, had been brought by the schooner Guadaloupe, in 10 days from Pavta, (the latter place is about ten days sail from Lima,) which we hear is of the utmost importance. The Chilian commander San Martin having left behind him a garrison of 900 invalids, embarked at Quacho with 4000 men, who were landed at the Chorillas, situate within two leagues of Lima. The royalist army immediately attack ed the troops of San Martin with great intrepidity, whom they routed with im mense slaughter—upwards of 1600 of the Chilian troops having been left dead on | the field of battle. San Martin, with the i remains of his corps, favored by the ap- | proach of night, fled with the utmost pre cipitation, and escaped on hoard the ves sels whence they had disembarked. Their destination was unknown, but it was sup posed that they had gone back to Chili, so that the cause of the royalists appears now to wear a very favorable aspect in that quarter, and we trust may be the means of reviving the trade of this citv, which has been so long interrupted by the previous position of affairs in the Pacific. The governor of Truxillo, the marquis of e.retgale, is stated to have manifest ed a disposition to put himself on the de fensive; a division of troops, however, had bem sent against him from Lima. The captain of a British ship, employed in the whale fishery, which had touched at Pay ta, shortly before the departure of the Guadaloupe, reported that he had spoken a Spanish brig of war, in company with a ship of the line, and a frigate of the same nation, directing their course to the port of Callao. The inhabitants of Guayaquil!, we hear, have been recently overwhelmed with the greatest affliction and despair, in conse »(Cp!E!Te-e of the arrival of an expedition from Chocof and the heavy contributions levied on them by these expeditionary troops. me Jzsperanza was uoaruea- on her j passage by one of commodore Aury’s cruizers, the captain of which endorsed her register in the name of the Republic of Colombia ; warning, at the same time, the master of the Esperanza, that if he should have any communication with the places occupied by the Royalists, the con demnation of the vessel and cargo would be the result. By the Perseverance we learn that a small privateer schooner, fitted cut at Maracaibo, with small arms, and com manded by a Frenchman, with a d-ew of about 20 men, is annoying the coasting j trade between St. Jago de Cuba and the ! leeward ports of this Island, having taken ! three vessels,principally loaded wiSh flour, which were ransomed. LIMA. The correctness of the account which we publish to-day, relative to the defeat of general San Martin, is rather problem atical, and must be read with the usual allowance for Spanish royal exaggera tion, which a few days ago stated that general San Martin was at the point of death with the fever, and had been com pelled to abandon the coast, when, in fact, positive information was received in this country, that he was at that moment investing Lima with a sufficient numeri cal force to ensure its speedy downfall. \_12alt. Fed. Gaz. FROM LIMA. Arrived at Baltimore the ship Chesa peake, captain Lane, from Coquimbo, and 78 days from Valparaiso. The British ; frigate Owen Glendower, 10 days from j Lima, arrived at Valparaiso on the 16th July, and brought accounts that the ar mistice still continued between the Patri ot and Royal Armies, but that it was thought impossible for the city to hold out a month after the commencement of hostilities. The account brought to New York, from Jamaica, of the defeat of San Martin, must, therefore, be incorrect. The United States frigate Constellation, captain Ridgely, had sailed from Coquina-, bo for Lima, and intended visiting the, Sandwich Islands. An American ship ^Vom Philadelphia, and an English vessel from Rio Janeiro, both deeply laden with flour, had eluded the blockading squadron and got into Lima.—[Chronicle. A country member of the legislature, was asked by one of his constituents, why he never spoke in the “ Blouse.” “ My dear friend,” he replied, “ where there are so many speakers, there ought to be at least one hearer.” It is not often that an assemblvman makes so pertinent and err. FROM GIBRALTAR. NEW-YORK, OCT. 3. The brig White Oak, arrived at Am boy yesterday morning, having sailed from Leghorn August 13th, and Gibral tar August 28th. We learn nothing new from the former place relative to the Greeks and Turks. Capt. Noyes under stood that no events of importance had recently taken place in that quarter. The White Oak had a pas*:age of 9 days to Gibraltar, and remained there five days. The yellow fever had broken out at Cadiz and Malaga, and the intercourse between those places and Malta was in terdicted. The U. States frigate Constitution, com. Jones, and ship Ontario, captain Chauncev, arrived at Gibraltar previous to the 22d August, both in 17 days from Leghorn. There was no improvement in the Gib raltar market—Flour jg4. A letter from Gibraltar, of the 10th of August, received at New-York, states, that the markets are very dull for Ame rican produce, owing to the numerous ar rivals—not less than 20,000 barrels of flour on hand—nominal price §3 75 to S4 50. No sale for tobacco or rice. LATEST FROM ENGLAND. BOSTON, SEPT. 23. We are indebted to capt. Tracy, of the ship London Packet, which arrived at this port last evening from London, for the pa pers of that city, to August 20, two days later than before received. They do not contain any news of importance. Thev furnish information from the king, at Dub lin to the 15th, on which day he held a private levee at the vice regal park. His public entry into the city was to be made on the, 17th. The papers contain news from Madrid to August 7. The king had returned from Saredon to the city. It was stated that very disagreeable news had been re ceived from Vera Cruz. BALTIMORE, OCT. 4. Ey the brig Ann, Gadsden, arrived here last evening, in 33 days from Cam peachy, avc learn, that on the evening pre vious to the sailing of the brig, a revolu tionary movement had taken place at Campeachv, headed by the officers of the royal army there, for the purpose of erecting an independent government for that province. They were opposed by the inhabitants, who were desirous of continuing under the direction of the Cortes. Two of the principal officers engaged in this attempt were imprisoned, and the citizens generally left under arms, and called to duty. NEW-YORK, OCT. 1. The steam ship Robert Fulton, captain Barnard, took her departure yesterday morning- for Charleston and Savannah, with about sixty passengers. In the mor ning just previous to her sailing, we saw eight or ten cart loads of specie going on board, and we understand that about two hundred thousand dollars were shipped in her. The Robert Fulton got to sea at 2 o’clock, contending- with a strong south erly wind and flood tide most of the way down. The Robert Fulton carried an arma ment of six guns and twenty-four inus quets, for protection against piratical cruizers. It is asserted, that she can dis charge 1200 gallons of scalding water in a minute, nearly to the distance of point blank musquet range. NEW-YORK, OCT. 2. The United States schooner Nonsuch, which sailed from this port about three weeks since for the Mediterranean, has put into Newport in distress, having en countered a severe gale in the Gulf stream on the 18th ult. and lost one of her masts, her rudder, and several spars. A letter from St, Augustine, (under date of September 10th) states, that “ this place has been uncommonly sickly this summer, and a great many deaths have occurred both in town and country. On the river St. Johns, they have been re jnarkably sickly. Our courts are not yet organized; and when they are, I do not know how they are to act: for, by gen. Jackson’s proclamation, the Spanish laws are declared to be in force, and neither magistrates nor lawyers know what they are. Until Congress makes law's to gov ern the territory, we shall be without any 1 a w. ’ ’—[_ Enquirer. It is no doubt through an error that the editor of the Pensacola Floridian, in pub lishing the statement of the transactions relative to Col. Callava, which wre ex tracted from his number of the 25th of August, has stated that the late Intend ant of Louisiana, (Mr. Morales) had been ; imprisoned by governor Claiborne, for a week, because he would not give up cer tain papers belonging to this country. It is well known to every one here, that such | a circumstance never took place. i Or lean? Gaz_ 4 EXTRACT FROM THE CHARGE Of Chief Justice Mellen to the Grand Jury for the County of Somerset, Maine. “ Our government is founded on prin ciples of equal rights and privileges. Every man has claims to distinctions, to honor, and to offices, when he can found those claims on his own merits and the virtues of his life. We are not at liberty, then, to thwart our own principles, and, by neglecting to furnish the means of early education, deprive thousands in the community of the privileges which belong to them; the privilege of becoming men of talents—men of extensive usefulness, and ornaments to their country. “In connection with the subject of public schools, it is natural to look to the innumerable advantages resulting to the community from the religious instruction of the pulpit. Enjoying, as we do, the most ample liberty of conscience, we are without excuse if we do not prize it as it deserves, and avail ourselves of the count less blessings which it places within our reach. We have the privilege of wor shipping God according to the dictates of our own consciences: Let us not then abuse the privilege by neglecting it. In deed, a steady, serious, and sincere ob i servance of the worship of God in his sanctuary, and reverence for the institu tions of religion, are the,only sure and effectual proof which we can give to the world of the exalted estimation in which we hold this privilege. “As we prize and cherish our liberty, we have, as citizens of a free country, peculiar reasons for cherishing and ad vancing the Christian religion. In illus tration of this truth, I cannot express myself so happily as in the words of a distinguished Divine and excellent man :* ‘ Religion,’ he observes, i befriends liber ty. It diminishes the necessity of public restraints, and, in a great measure, super sedes the use of force in administering the laws, and this is done by making men a law to themselves. Take away the pu- * rifying and restraining influence of reli-,' gion, and selfishness, rapacity, and injus-f Uce, will break out into new excesses, and, amidst the increasing- perils of so ciety, government must be strengthened > to defend it. Diminish principle and you increase the need of force in a communi ty. In this country, government needs , not the array of power which you meet in other nations. No guards of soldiers— no hosts of spies-—no vexatious regula tions of police. But it accomplishes its beneficent purposes by a few unarmed : Judges and civil officers, and operates so silently around us, that many of us enjoy its blessings with hardly a thought of its existence. And this is the perfection of freedom. We owe all this to the power of those laws which religion writes on our hearts; which unite and concentrate public opinion against injustice and op pression : which spread a spirit of equity and good will through the community. Thus Religion is the Soul of Freedom ; I and no nation under heaven has such an interest in it as ourselves.’ ” *• Ur. Channing. American Leghorns—We have been much gratified by the inspection of three straw hats, for ladies, manufactured from the spear grass which grows in our com mons, by Miss Hotchkiss, of Poughkeep sie. On comparing these hats with some of the finest imported Leghorns, we were forcibly struck with the superiority of the former over the latter as to texture ; they, in fact, only want a little more finish to render them, in every respect, a better article than the highest priced Italian hats brought to this country ; and encou ragement is all that is required to super cede the introduction of this foreign lux ury, and to render permanent a branch of domestic manufacture, which will give employment to the female part of the community, and greatly promote our na tional prosperity. The three hats are now for sale at the store of Mr. Vandewater, 135 William street, and, we are persuaded, will attract the attention of the ladies of New York, who are never behind in patronizing do mestic products.—-[Advocate] Law Proceedings—Eliza S. Treat, aged 19, recovered a-verdict of $1000, against William T. Browning and his wife, in a trial before the Superior Court, in Brook lyn, (Conn.) on the 15th ult. in which the defendants were charged with uttering slanderous words against the plaintiff. A quaker who had the command of a trading vessel had to encounter an ene my’s lugger on his voyage. His princi ples forbade him to fight direct; he there fore resigned the command to the mate. In the course of the action, however, things did not go to his liking, and he addressed his mate in the following terms: “ If thou meanest to beat the enemy, friend, thou should point thy guns a little more abaft.” JOHN Al*FAR LANE, Attorney at Law, WILL practise in the High Court of Chancery at Winchester, Virginia. The Baron de MaltHi, Secret ary ij Hessian Legation, in the place <# Lqmonosoff, has arrived at New Y'f] a ship from London.*—[dVhz. Intel.-# The Yellow Fever has not entire appeared, as yet, in those cities 1 have suffered from it during the p‘ season. One or two deaths, from cause, have occurred in Baltimoi each of the three or four last days. ' also took place at Norfolk, as Is Wednesday ; and two cases made appearance on the.same day in N. which has this summer been almo empted from the terrible visitation, vannah continues healthy, and Ne' leans was still so, as late the first ol tember.—\_Ib. ROYAL MAIDENS. It is probable that George IV. w married again in the course of %icl months. He will meet with no difth^ in Undine a suitable bride. Germa , o c fertile in princesses ; and there wr parents ready enough to offer their da®0 ters—perhaps willing victims—at'ven | shrine of ambition. The emperor of J[n0 tria has still a daughter unmarried gj well as the king of Saxony; the kin' Bavaria has six, two of whom at leas^S of marriageable age; the king of Pruds has one as old as 18 years ; the kin] Portugal one,, who is 20 ; the king of I _■ mark one, who is 28 ; the king of Sf nia one, who is 18 ; the Grand Duk1 Tuscany two, who are. marriageable ; i besides these, there is the widow of : infant Pierre Charles of Spain ; the wic of the Duke de Berri, and the widov ' Napoleon Bonaparte. If his choice shoC( fall upon the last, he must woo hei® Richard III. addressed the Lady Anil \Portsmouth Gaz KEENE, (n H.) SEPT'. 29 .. It has been stated to us for a fact, t! bed-clothing, belonging to a family' Warwick, has been found ' the1 gale, in Royalston, and a in Wine hen don, say boards and shingles miles, and nearly the a barn roof, in Fin have been carried fi about 30 miles 1 MONTPELIE 1 On Sunday, the 9tl whirlwind passed froil distance of about two twisting potatoe tops, hi close to the ground, and* up entirely out of sight, ny itS"progrt it crossed Stephen’s Branch, and enten Onion River, raising the water in a bod about the circumference of a barrel, at carrying it in a column to the cloud The interesting phenomena was witnes ed by Mr. Jacob Davis, Jr. and a numb of others, by whom we are favored wi: the fact. Col. Chapin, of Springfield, Massachi setts, famous for his success in fattin oxen, now has three, of which the foliov ing are the weights : Largest Ox 3028 lbs. Mate 2709 Four year old Steer 2156 It is stated in the Philadelphia Gazette, that Mr. Price, of the New York Thea-1 tre, who is at present in London, offered Braham,the English vocalist, forty thou sand dollars, for two years’ engagement —which he refused ! v.. • “ Antidote for Vegetable Poisons:—M. Drapiez has ascertained, by numerous ex periments, that the fruit of the fewillea cordiloiiais a powerful antidote against vegetable poisons. He poisoned dogs of the rhus toxicodendrum, hemlock,, and mix vomica. All those that were left to the effects of the poison died, but those to whom the fruit of the fewillea cordifolia was administered, recovered completely after a short illness. M. Drapie^_also took two arrows which had been dipped in the juice of manchinelle, and slightly wounded with them two young cats. To the one ol these he applied a poultice, composed of the fruit of the fewillea cor difolia, while the other was left without any application. The wound of the for mer speedily healed ; while the other, in a short time, fell into convulsions and died. WEEKLY ALMANAC. OCTOBER I SUN I SUN MOOn’s 1821. IRISES. SETS. PHASES. -—1 10 Wednesday 6 23 5 37 ^ r 11 Thursday 6 24 5 36 2 c| 12 i-'riday 6 25 5 35 13 Saturday 6 26 5 34 ^ 14 Sunday 6 28 5 32 "'t 03 ^ *'* , 'IT!3 Ot tO S 15 Monday 6 29 5 :<!j o to ot o ? 16 Tuesday 6 31 5 29j 3 3. 3 P WANTED TO HIRE, ^ NEGRO GIRL, from 12 to 16 years AIL of age. One from the country would be preferred. Enquire of the Get, 9 PRINTERS.'