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?HARPERS-FERRY FREE PRESS.
ii TO SHEW VIRTUE HER OWN FEATURE, SCORN HER OWN IMAGE, AND THE VERY AGE AND BODY OF THE TIME, HIS FORM AND PRESSURE.” VOL. I. HARPERS-FERRY, VIRGINIA, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 80, 1821. No. 18. PUBLISHED, WEEKLY, BY JOHN S. GALLAHER & CO. CONDITIONS. The “ Free Press” is published at two dollars per annum, if paid in advance; two dollars and twenty-five cents if paid within six months; or, two dollars and fifty cents at the expiration of the year. Distant subscribers are expected to pay in advance. As payment in advance will serve theynterest of all concerned, that mode is respectfully solicited. %* Advertisements inserted three times for o'.ie dollar per square; twenty-five cents for every subsequent insertion. Classical fij Ejiglisli School Books 0'i D A VIS, Bridge street, Georgetown, WX® has on hand the following School Books, which are offered for sale on the most reasonal terms, viz : CLASSICAL. Ainsworth’s Latin Dictionary C esar Delphini—-Cicero do.-—Horace do. Hutchinson’s Xenophon Greek Lexicon—Longinus Ovid Delphini—Stoughton’s Virgil Sallust—Juvenal Delphini—Virgil do. Clarke’s Erasmus—do. Nepos—Corderi Greek Vocabulary Enitek’s Latin Dictionary Greek Grammar—Greek Testament Boss’ Latin Grammar Mine’s Introduction—Veri Romse Murphy’s Lucian—Titii Livii Ashley’s ^Sftphon—Clarke’s Homer Selectee /tvsop’s Fables Histori Ruddirff, Cicero darns’ Latin Grammar ents—Greek Minora Fergu,: M urri_ B o i m e t c . ■,, .) h Co-, e}■ s ling Bo^jBHPming’s Universal do. Jess’s Arithmetic—Adams on the Globes Gibson’s Surveying—Jess’s Surveying Ramsay’s Washington Simplon’s Algebra—VValker’sDictionary Vv nrewicau p - :r—A meric an O rator Jackson’s Book Keeping Tytier’s Elements of General History Morse’s Geography—Adams’ do. American Class Book Adams’ Arithmetic Brackenridge’s Late War Bonnycastle’s Algebra Con: ley’s'Grammar Cummings’ Geography Dihvorth’s Spelling Book Goldsmith’s England—do. Greece Do. Borne—Judson’s Arithmetic Joyce’s Arithmetic Murray’s Spelling Book, Key, Sequel, English Reader, Exercises, Introduction O’Neal’s Geography—Robinson Crusoe Snowdon’s America Walsh’s Arithmetic October 9 ’ noticeT rfHHE members of the Library Society I of Harpers-Ferry are hereby inform ed that their annual meeting wiil take place at the Shenandoah School Room on Monday, 5th day of November next, at six o’clock in the evening. By order of the President, JAMES CLARK, Librarian. Harfiers-Ferry, Oct. 23. Wanted Immediately, r|lWO JOURNEYMEN TAILORS, I to whom constant employment and the highest wages will be given. None need apply but men of steady habits. WILLIAM SMALL. Oct. 23 ENOCH C. BREEDIN, Attorney at Law, 1 PRACTISES in the superior and in ferior Courts of Jefferson and Lou doun counties. For the information of persons residing at a distance, he would remark, that Charlestown, Shepherdstown, Smithfield, and this place, are in Jefferson ; and Lees burg, Middleburg, and Hillsborough, are in Loudoun. Harpers-Ferry, June 2d, 1821. JOHN M-FARLANE, Attorney at Law, TILL practise in the High Court of Chancery at Winchester, Virginia. June 23, 1821. WANTED TO HIRE, NEGRO GIRL, from 12 to 16 years JAL of age. One from the country would be preferred. Enquire of the Oct. 9 PRINTERS. 4 ON EDUCATION—No. V. FOR THE FREE PRESS. Extracts from Bates' Inaugural Oration, “ Education forms the mind.” The great philosopher of human intellect, by a thorough analysis of thq, understanding and a complete investigation of its pro perties, has successfully refuted the an cient doctrine of “ innate ideas,” and thus justified the inference that the contempo raneous doctrine of intuitive knowledge is unsupported by sound philosophy. In the uncultivated mind intellectual powers do indeed exist; but, like the unpolished diamond, they exist in obscurity. Edu cation brings them to light, displays their brilliancy, unfolds their beauty, and exhibits their real value ; it excites their latent energies and controls their opera tion; it gives tnem activity, ana applies them to the purposes for which they were designed, and to which they are adapted by Infinite Wisdom. We can indeed dis cern nothing in'the human mind, distinct from the effects of education, but a capa city to receive instruction—a faculty to learn-—a power to acquire and retain knowledge. Of this capacity, it is ad mitted that there are various degrees be tween those extremes which are denomi nated genius and stupidity. These ex tremes, however, are rarely found in na ture. In most cases, ordinary minds, un der the fostering hand of education united with persevering industry, may rise to excellence and obtain the rewards of ge nius ; or by neglect and sloth may sink to the lowest depth of stupidity, and re main the mere receptacle of folly. Buffbn has said “ genius isnothingbut patience.” If this position is not true, in its fullest extent; if the attention and patience of an age would invent nothing without a peculiar disposition of the organs of sense and a native acuteness of the powers of perception, yet it is certain that the ac quisitions of genius always suppose vi gorous application and patient investiga tion. With very few exceptions, the dis tinctions among men in knowledge, in strength of understanding, and even in brilliancy of imagination, depend more on variety of education than on original difference in capacity. Hence we per ceive the high importance of a good edu cation for all the purposes of life. With out that degree of instruction by which a person is enabled to read with facility, write with propriety, and compute with accuracy, no one is prepared to act well his part in any station of society, or pur sue any employment with satisfaction to himself and usefulness to others. It should never be forgotten, therefore, by the guardians of society and the friends of humanity, that primary schools, to which the children of the poor as well as the rich may have free access, are of the first importance to the community, im periously demanding their attention and patronage—especially in a country like ours; and under forms of government like ours neither public virtue nor civil liber ty can be maintained without a general diffusion of knowledge, and a liberal pro vision for the support of schools. But although a common school educa tion is sufficient to qualify youth for the common purposes'and ordinary employ ments of life, there are functions to be performed in civilized society which re quire a more liberal education; which cannot, indeed, be performed without ex tensive knowledge and enlarged views of men and tilings—without an acquaint ance with literature and the great circle of human science. Those men who, by native energy of mind, and unwearied assiduity, have over come the disadvantages of defective edu cation, raised themselves to offices of trust, and devoted themselves to the pub lic good, surely deserve well of their country and merit peculiar praise. But how much higher would the same men have risen, and how much further would their benign influence have extended, if the superstructure of their knowledge had been erected on a broader foundation'—if, in youth, they had received a literary and scientific education—if their noble minds had been disciplined by study, and direct ed by instruction. liberal education and literary institu tions drew forth from the cloister the light of life, which had been concealed for more than ten centuries, and gave liberty of conscience to the Christian world. Lu ther opened the treasures of literature, burst the leading strings of science, and rising with the energy of truth and the power .of divine grace, established forever the right of free enquiry, and vindicated this noble principle—“Examine and sub mit yourselves only to conviction.” From that period, learning and religion became mutual coadjutors; and though sometimes unnaturally divided, they have generally maintained an intimate alliance, and uni ted their influence to civilize the world and bless mankind. As Learning had lent her aid to break the chains in which reli gion herself was bound, so Religion, in turn, gave new energy and lustre to learn ing, Ancient literature awoke from her slumbers. Science pushed her researches. Copernicus rose with Luther, and follow ed the track of the heavenly bodies. New ton succeeded them, and investigated the laws of nature; and Locke, pursuing in the train, analyzed the human mind. AN AMERICAN.' in;il III CANE IN THE SOUTH. ST. AUGUSTINE, SEPT. 22. About ten o’clock on Saturday night, 15th inst. it commenced blowing quite fresh, and continued with increased and increasing violence, until in a few hours it raged a most destructive storm. The gale continued with unabated fury until about three o’clock on Monday morning, when it moderated to something more than our usual breeze. We have heard of no lives lost, and little or no damage was done to the houses here or in the neighborhood; but the shipping suffered very severely. There were 12 or 13 brigs, sch’rs and sloops, lying at anchor in the bay opposite the town—of which, six, by parting their cables or dragging their an chors, were driven on shore. It is thought five of these will be restored to their ele ment, without material injury, though at heavy expense. But it is feared that the sixth is irrecoverably lost; she is the brig Maryland, Bissel, last from the Havana. We fear that very great misc hief has been done on the Gulf and the Lakes. We know of several vessels out from New Orleans for this place that have as yet not been heard of; and, from the lapse of time, it is next to miraculous if a part, or all of them, are not lost. It is thought by some that the damage done in our bay will materially affect the fair fame of our harbor ; but we cannot consent t©-«ww-ew\h. rondfl r4-ot»' : for, from the ease and safety with which the other vessels rode out the gale, we certainly may assert that all the vessels driven on our beach, suffered their misfortune from the insufficiency of their appointment in cables, anchors, &c. 8cc. and this is the general character of our lake craft, of which description all were, except the Maryland. POSTSCRIPT. We stop the press to announce the fol lowing distressing intelligence, received by the sch’r Maria, Ferrand, master, ar rived late last evening from New Orleans, in five days, (having sailed the day after the gale) :—Capt. F. states, that the St. Stephens, Jones, and the Washington, Wynne, of New-Orleans ; and the Bright Phoebus, Sherman, of this place, were lost in the storm on Sunday last. Capt. Fer rand reports, that all on board the Wash ington perished; in the St. Stephens and Bright Phoebus no lives were lost. Capt. F. reports two other vessels lost near the Pass Christian, name; unknown. [Floridian. NEW-ORLEANS, SEPT. 24. It is our melancholy task to record a new calamity : and one which is the more afflicting, because its extent is unknown. The gale which we experienced on yes terday week had excited some concern ; although no serious consequences had re sulted to our city and its immediate vi cinity. What was apprehension, has become sad reality. The accounts from the coast between this and Pensacola are truly dis tressing. It needs no pencilling to excite the tear of sympathy, when whole fami lies—when father and mother, brother and sister, sink together, and in each other’s arms prematurely perish. The dead bodies of Dr. Ludlow, his wife, and two children, as well as that of Miss Judson, the niece of Mr. Banks, of this city, have, it is believed, all been re cognized, and interred at the Bay of St. Louis. In addition to the information found in the following letter from Col. Taylor, the commanding officer at the Bay of St. Louis, we also learn that the dead bodies of two children had drifted ashore at the Bay ; the one supposed to be 5, the other , 6 years old. We also learn that the schT Bagatelle, bound from New Orleans to the Bay of St. Louis, had suddenly disappeared, and no doubt both vessel and crew are lost. The St. Stephens, capt. Jones, whilst at anchor under Horn Island, was struck by a sea early on Sunday morning, and lost-part of her stem, bowsprit, foremast, and mainmast, but the vessel and cargo saved. The U. States’ sch’r Tom Shields left the Bay of St. Louis on the Thursday be fore the storm, for Pensacola; and, al though the wind was ahead, as she sails well, it is hoped had reached Pensacola before Sunday. We have conversed with Mr. Day, of this city, directly from the Bay of St. Louis, who confirms this melancholy re cital. The sufferers by the storm speak in warm terms of the conduct of Col. Tay lor and the officers of the Bay, as also of our townsman, Coi. George Morgan. TIE CENT PIRACIES. NEW-YORK, OCT. 20. Captain Davis, arrived at Boston from Havana, furnishes the following- account of recent piracies in that neighborhood . We are happy to state that the informa tion from Matanzas, via Charleston, pub lished a few days ago, relative to the murder of the captain and crew of the brig George, of Boston, is incorrect* The report no doubt originated from a circumstance related below, by captain French, of the sloop Collector : “ The sch’r Louisa, Sherman, from Rhode Island, fell in with a boat and nine men, who boarded her with pistols and cutlasses, struck the. mate several times, drove them all below, threatened the cap tain’s life if he did not say where the doubloons were; finding there were none, they took about 2000 cheese; the captain delivered his own money to them, about g 150 ; they then robbed them of all their clothes, not even leaving the captain a shirt to put on ; they hoisted out his long* boat, filled her with the cargo, and what they could not take in their own boat— the vessel then close into the mouth of the Matanzas. The commander of the boat dressed himself in the captain of the schooner’s best clothes, hat, boots, and walking the quarter deck, looked at him self with exultation. “ The brig George, of Bost*k was rob bed by an open boat of eight ™en only, armed with pistols and cutlasses. When they came on board they demanded the 560 ounces the captain had in his posses sion. It is presumed they must have re ceived some advice of the money being on board. After tearing the ceiling from the foot of the sternpost, then down the rudder case, they found the amount. They previously drove the people into the forecastle, where they secured them, and threatened the captain’s life if he did not disclose where the money was hid, which he refused, handing them at the same time a few doubloons of his own. “The sloop Collector, French, of Bristol, Rhode Island, was boarded by the same boat the day before, and after the pirates had abused and wounded most of the seamen of the sloop, and given the captain two sabre cuts on the arm and a heavy stroke on the neck, they set fire to the cabin of the sloop, taking the long boat with them. Fortunately, captain French had not his stern boat lashed, and let it down directly on their leaving him, otherwise it would have been destroyed immediately, by the fire making from the cabin window. The Collector was bound from Matanzas to Rhode Island, with a cargo of sugars, and capt. French heard them say, during the time he was in their powers “Let us treat these damn’d ras cals as we did the crew of the brig yes terday,” from which he supposed they had murdered the crew of the vessel, or merely spoke thus to intimidate capt. F, Some six or seven other vessels had been robbed by them, and the people treated roughly—but not any robbed of a large amount. Several small vessels have been fitted out from Matanzas, and from Ha vana, to put a stop to these depredations ; and it is said the government mean to fit out some small armed vessels.” wwi/w NEW ORLEANS', SEPT. 17. A person just arrived from Pensacola reports, that a duel had been fought there between an officer m the U. S. army, said to be a Frenchman, and capt. Gayare, in the Spanish service. The difference arose about the affairs betweenGov. Jackson and Col. Callava. They fought with swords, and the American officer was killed. A duel was fought at Frederickton, N. B. on the 4th inst. between two young lawyers, one of whom fell at the second shot, having received the ball in his head, and died in three hours. The other, and his two seconds, (officers of the army) had fled. ,