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NEW-YORK5 OCT. 24. By the Hercules, capt. Cobb, which ar rived late last evening, in 35 days from Liverpool, the editors of the Commercial Advertiser have received English papers to the 16th September. The harvest in Great Britain had been much injured by a succession of heavy rains, and a great advance had taken place in the price of Flour. The owners of the ship, we understand, received the intelligence yesterday morning, and im mediately dispatched expresses in every direction. During the day large quanti ties of flour were purchased for shipment. Thirty-five shillings had been offered in Liverpool for a cargo of Philadelphia flour, and refused. It is affirmed, by several editors of con tinental journals, that the Emperor Alex ander has positively made his last ar rangements for an immediate attack on the Turks, and that he is only waiting for the assent of the other great powers of the Holy Alliance, to whom, as well as to Great Britain, he has specially com municated the nature of his plans, and the principles of his policy. The Paris Moniteur, the French official journal, says, it is affirmed that the Em peror Alexander, faithful to the principle which forms the basis of the Holy Alli ance, will take no decisive step without the previous consent of his high allies ; and, on this account, couriers had been sent off to the European courts. i ne iviomieur contains an article irom Frankfort, dated the 5th inst. stating that the Russians had passed the Fruth; but their presence on the Turkish territory would be no interruption to the existing amicable relations between the continen tal powers. “ A Declaration,” adds this article, “ is shortly expected on the part of the Russian Cabinet, declaring that the operations of the Russian army in Turkey have the same object in view as1 the occupation of Naples by the Austrian army.” The London Courier of the 14th Sep tember says : u With respect to the pro babilities of war at the present moment, we have, from the first, seen no sufficient grounds to justify a strong belief that it would take place.” The Russian Ambassador had left Con stantinople, and arrived in safety at Odes sa, on the evening of August 13th. It was reported in London, on ’Change, that the Turkish go vernment had offered a free pardon to all the Greeks that would return tq^lheir allegiance within three ■months njm the date of the proclama tion. The plague had made its appearance at Algiers and Morocco. Barcelona re mained nearly in its former state. A naval action took place between the Greek and Turkish fleets on the 25th of July, in the channel between Samos and Chios, which lasted three days, and ter minated in the destruction of the latter, consisting of 17 ships of w^ar and 32 trans ports with 13,000 troops on board. In the Morea, the Greeks had been re duced to submission. A desperate battle had been fought, in which the insurgents had been defeated with a loss of 3,000 men. Tripalitza has been reduced by the army of Ypsilanti. The people of Madrid were in daily ex pectation of disastrous events in that ca pital. Those who had any thing to lose were leaving the city. Gen. Morillo was said to be at the head of a counter revolu tionary project; he had been put on his trial. The Minister of War had been dismissed, to satisfy the club Fontana d’Or j and all his colleagues had threat ened to give in their resignations in con sequence. me King ox n,ngiana was on nis pas sage from Ireland, having been detained by, contrary winds. The squadron having the king on board had been obliged to put into Milford Ha ven, whence they departed on the 11th. A part of the vessels belonging to the royal squadron arrived at Plymouth on the 12th. The arrival of the other ships with the king was momently expected. The widow of General Moreau died in Bordeaux in August last. The Duke of Wellington had returned to England. A report was published in a London paper, that a son of Marshal Ney had challenged the Duke, which, in a note from the Duke, under his own sig nature, is contradicted, in which he says, u the whole statement is false.” LIVERPOOL, (market,) SEPT. 15. We have experienced during this week much unsettled and wet weather, and there has, consequently, been much acti vity in our corn market. Large sales have been made, both to speculators and dealers in wheat, at an advance of Is. 3d. to Is. 6d. per bushel; some purchases have also been made in Canada wrheat, in bond, at 8s. 9d. to 9s. per bushel. Oats ha^e advanced 6d. and barley 6d. to 9d. per bushel on our former quotations. In fresh American flour some extensive sales ha\ e been made at and above 30s. per barrel, and 2000 to 3000 bids, sour (free for home use) have changed hands at an advance of 4s. to 5s. per bbl. Canada sour flour, in bond, has latterly brought 35s. and free 40s. Rice, in consequence of the bad state of the weather, and the advance in the corn market, has been in great request, and about 800 tierces Carolina have been sold; ordinary at 15s to 16s. 6d. and good at 17s. to 20s. for fine. We have experienced this week a very animated demand for cotton from the dealers and spinners, who, being much out of stocks, have come into the market with great confidence. The holders ge nerally have met this demand freely ; con siderable business has been done, and an advance of ^d per lb. realized upon Sea Islands, and ^d upon most other descrip tions. The total sales amount to 15,500 bags, of which about 1500 have been ta ken on speculation. Extract of a letter dated Sept. 16. Referring to what we have already written to you by this conveyance, we have now to state that at our corn mar ket to-day the prices again advanced con siderably: English wheats 12s. a 13s.; Irish, 11s a 12s.; Canada, in bond, are now held at 10s. and foreign at 7s. a 7s. 9d. per 70 lbs. Fresh American flour sold at 35s. in bond, and is now held at 36s. a 38s.; Canada, in bond, held at 38s. a 40s. and sour flour, free, has been sold at 42s. per barrel. The buyers from the distant parts of the country all acknow ledge that the injury doing to such part of the crops as remain in the fields is ir remediable, the grain being; sprouted very much, and becoming of little or no value. In this immediate neighborhood it has become very bad within the last few days, and, if the weather continues damp and warm much longer, it will be worth nothing. P. S. Letters from London this morn ing advise a further advance on wheat of 6s. per quarter. .LUiNJLMJft 5 i^. j We have received this morning the ! Paris papers of Sunday last. They speak with great confidence of the fact, that the ! Emperor Alexander will not take any j steps, with respect to Turkey, but in con l cert with all his allies, and England is j particularly mentioned, though she is not ] a formal member of the Holy Alliance. The following is the answer which, it is said, the Reis Effendi have despatched direct to St. Petersburg^ : 1. That all the measures which have been put in force by order of the Porte, in the various provinces of Turkey, have been directed against rebels, without any intention of attacking the Christian Reli gion. 2. That the execution of the Greek Pa triarch, far from being an assassination of the Chief of the Greek Church, can only be regarded as the just punishment of a traitor. With respect to the outrage offered to his remains, it can only be the I subject of accusation against the fanatic I populace. It gave great regret to the Porte. 3. That, doubtless, a just distinction ought to be made between the guilty and the innocent, in the sanguinary executions which have taken place; but, in civil commotions, it happens too often that guilty excesses cannot be prevented. 4. That the Porte engages to re-con struct the churches and chapels that have been destroyed or despoiled ; and to make reparation, as far as it shall be in its pow er, for the disorders which, to its deep regret, have taken place. 5. That, finally, the principalities of W'allachia and Moldavia would be imme diately evacuated by the Ottoman forces, and the former order of things re-estab lished, when the rebels shall have been expelled thence, and peace and tranquil lity restored.” j LONDON, SEPT. 13. I The accounts from Smyrna state that I an engagement between the Turkish and ! Greek fleets was daily expected. Some Turkish troops were embarking at Sea- i lanova, but were prevented by the Greek ; fleet appearing off* that place. The last accounts mention that both squadrons were in sight of each other, off Stanchio, and neither appeared inclined to com- i mence the engagement. The Greek fleet ■ is represented to be from 100 to 110 sail; ; the Turkish squadron not so numerous, but reinforcements were daily expected : from Algiers. PARIS, sept. 9. Prince Demetrius Gomnene, who, ac cording to the Journal of Lyons, resided in Piedmont, and was there offered the Crown of the Greek Empire by a solemn deputation, died on Saturday in Paris. He was a Major General, and a Knight of ; St. Louis. Letters have been received from Odes- ! sa, dated the 15th of August, which con firm the news of the arrival of Baron Strogonoff at Odessa, and that of the de parture of three Turkish couriers, which were despatched to the chief of the army in Bessarabia, to the admiral of the fleet at Sebastopol, and to his Majesty the Em peror at St. Petersburg. • Extract of a letter from Paris. u You are no doubt aware that the ob ject of Lord Wellington’s visit to Paris i was for the express purpose of urging the French government to join us in a league,offensive and defensive,for prompt ly opposing the projects of Alexander.— You are aware of his having had confer ences with most of the foreign ministers at Paris; his interviews with the King are said to have been of the most inter esting description. My informant asserts that we have offered to restore the old li mits of France to the Rhine, Savoy, the Isle of France, and one or two of the West India colonies, on condition that an army should be pat in motion towards Austria, while our naval and military forces should co-operate in the Baltic and Mediterranean. Louis is said to have entered into the project, and referred Lord Wellington to the Minister of War. The latter was equally well disposed ; but he proved, by official documents and pri vate information, that there would be no possibility of forming an army to act with effect in such a scheme, -while, if put together as constituted by Napoleon, the present dynasty must be sacrificed as a j matter of course. The Duke’s confer ence with Pozzi di Borgo had for its ob ject a remonstrance against any addition ; of territory, or, indeed, a declaration of I war on the part of Russia, with a threat, ! that if Alexander’s views were followed 1 up, a general war in Europe must be the : consequence. Having failed in our ef forts here, it is supposed we shall look to Spain, and those other means of creating ! a party in our favor to which we have of ten resorted on former occasions. With respect to the actual state of things be tween Russia and the Porte, no one here believes peace can be preserved, or that the autocrat will forego the golden oppor tunity. Nothing can be more popular than the projected war amongst all clas ses in Russia; and the best informed per sons here say that Alexander is urged on every side to commence hostilities. No thing, therefore, but unconditional sub mission on the side of the Turks will lead to a pacification. In this latter case, will the cabinets of London and Paris acqui esce in the new arrangements ?” ODESSA, AUG. 14. No person here has any doubt that hos tilities will speedily commence ; it is even thought that the couriers which have been despatched to the fleet and head quarters were bearers of the necessary instructions. A formal declaration by our august sovereign is now looked for. Extract of a private letter. AUGSBURG, SEPT. 5. The courier of Vienna, which arrived to-day, has brought the important news, that the two Russian armies, commanded by Gens. Sacken and Wittgenstein, have been in full movement since the arrival of an extraordinary estafette from St. Pe tersburg. On the 30th ult. the Aulic Council of j War despatched several messengers to j the generals commanding the Austrian | troops cantoned in Transylvania, and in the Bannat of Temeswar. LONDON, SEPT. 14. City, one o’clocl:.—The funds have fall en this morning nearly a half per cent. The decline is ascribed to the very unfa- j vorable weather. The jobbers are specu lating on the probability of the ports opening for the admission of foreign corn, and that large sums will be required, which will affect the Exchangealso, that the gold coin must, in some mea sure, leave the country. The contradic tory accounts respecting Turkey and Rus sia have likewise an unfavorable effect upon the funds. We will venture to assert that no dan ger of a war menaces the Porte. The • speculations and conjectures of the Paris papers, contained in private letters, as they are termed, from Vienna, Frankfort, &c. are entitled to very little confidence. The disturbed state of the Greek provin ces is sufficient to justify, as a matter of mere precaution, the concentration of a considerable force along the frontiers of Russia and Austria, though we do not mean to say that nothing more than mere precaution was from the first contempla ted. An article of intelligence from Frank fort, dated the 5th Sept, asserts that the Russians have actually passed the Pruth, and that the declared purpose of the in vasion is to restore the tranquillity of the Turkish dominions, by bringing the Greeks back to their duty, and compell ing the Turks to secure to them the safe ty of persons and property. The Athe nians are said to have sent a deputation to Odessa, for the purpose of conveying to the Emperor Alexander the expression of their hopes that he will extend to them his favor and protection. The inquest on Richard Honey termi nated on Wednesday. The jury, having met on the forenoon of that day, proceed ed to deliberate in private on the evi dence. They continued in consultation until six o’clock, when the coroner read the verdict returned, viz: “Verdict of Manslaughter against the officers and men of the first regiment of Life Guards, who were on duty between Tyburn Gate and Park-lane at the time Richard Honey was shot,onTuesday 14th August, 1821.” , The jury then signed the inquisition. J INTERESTING REF OUT. BALTIMORE, OCT. 22. A respectable merchant of Baltimore has received, by a recent arrival, a letter from his German correspondent, stating that Alexander, with an army of 200,000 men, had already taken the field against the Turks, and that the Emperor of Ger many was preparing to follow with 90,000 more. This is the amount of the intelli gence communicated; in fine, the Rus sian overtures to the Ottoman Porte were but war in disguise; they amounted of themselves to a full and explicit declara tion of war oil the part of Alexander. We shall not be at all surprized if this in telligence should prove to be correct. [<Chronicle. DISTURBANCES IN MADRID* MADRID, AUG. 23. During the last three days, we have been in a continual state of commotion and alarm. The events which have trans pired are of such importance, that reflect ing people view them as the commence ment of a civil war. On the 20th inst. at 9 in the evening, an assemblage in front of the prison, in which are confined several of the Royal Body Guards, who dispersed the popu lace on their offering insults to the king about a month ago, began singing the popular obnoxious Tragala Perro. As their conduct became more violent, the officer commanding the post interfered, upon which he and his men were grossly assailed, and the populace refused to de part. Some blows were now struck by the soldiers, but not in a manner to hurt any one much. The news of the affray soon reached the Club de la Fontana; from whence 400 persons proceeded to reinforce their confederates, and more da ring outrages were committed. The Po litical Chief repaired to the spot; he was told the officer of the guard and his men had, unprovoked, commence^an attack upon the people. He et; lay the ferment by bla and almost flattering the tumult. Gener at the head of a mill the spot; he was as unseeming invectiv perate among the arrest his progress, thority was thus opp1 he determined to and promptitude which ed to al soldiers, thors of paired, ent, to most .t des 'red to is au spised, energy impe riously demanded, and, with his cane in his hand, forced his way through the dense and clamorous crowd, and com From thence they proceeded in groups to the Club de la Fontana, where the most notorious orators inflamed their rage by perverted narratives of the affair, and falsely declaring that Morillo, with his drawn sabre, had grievously wounded ma ny citizens. Cries of “ Death to Moril lo,” “ the head of Morillo,” followed these inflammatory speeches. On the following day, (the 21st) croAvds assembled in the streets early in the morn ing, and the populace opposite the club amounted to 10,000. Cries for the head of Morillo and the ministers were re echoed in every quarter. The Political Chief issued a notification that the Minis ter of War had accepted the resignation of Gen. Morillo ; whose functions would be executed, par enterim, by Gen. Monte mayor. This had the effect of calming the violent spirit which had been mani fested by the populace. The Minister of the Ultra-Marine Pos-^ sessions set off express to the King at St. Udefonso, to inform his Majesty of what had transpired. On the 22d much agitation prevailed. The trial of Morillo was vehemently de manded, and much impatience manifest ed for the King’s ansAver to the commu nication which it was known had been addressed to him by the ministers. General Morillo issued a proclamation on the night of the 21st, in which he de nounces the malignant aspersions Avhich designing men had cast upon his reputa tion, by falsely representing that he had used his sabre against the assembled peo ple. After giving an account of his ef forts to restore order, he says: “ My sword, which I Avill never use but against the enemies of our country, remained in the scabbard. I spoke Avith moderation to all, and only endeavored to suppress outrage, and enforce that respect Avhich is due to the laAvs and the government.” The Journal de Paris adds, in a post script, dated 10 o’clock on the evening of the 25th, “The King’s, answer is just ar rived. Flis majesty will not accept the resignation of gen. Morillo, but orders that he shall be tried by a court martial,. This answer is not yet known by the pub-', lie. An immense populace occupy theA streets. An explosion is expected.” NEW-YO&K, OCT. 27. Col. Callava, the late Spanish Govern or of West Florida, who had been in this^ city several days, sailed hence on Sunday last, with his aids, servants, &x. in the Robert Fulton, for Pensacola, as the pa pers friendly to his proceeding’s say, tcv:> fight Gen. Jackson 1!—[Re/uib. ■Srrt.^