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TO SHEW VIRTUE HER OWN FEATURE) SCORN HER OWN IMAGE, AND THE VERY AGE AND BODY OF THE TIME, HIS FORM AND PRESSURE. VOL. I. HARPERS-FERRY, VIRGINIA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 22, 1822. No. 25. PUBLISHED, WEEKLY, BY JOHN S. GALL A HER Sc CO. j CONDITIONS. Tlie u Free Press” is published at two dollars per annum, if paid in advance ; two dollars and twenty-five cents if paid at trie end of six months ; or, two dollars and fifty cents at the expiration of the year. IC?”'As payment in advance will serve the interest of all concerned, that models 1-espectfully solicited. A* Advertisements inserted three times fbr one dollar per square; twenty-five cents for every subsequent insertion. ii ft •Ji a i TO TITE PUBLIC. tempt was made to effect affe improvement in respect to the education of the chil dren at this place, by the introduction of the Lanctisterian system. For that pur pose a letter was addressed to the founder of it, inquiring whether a teacher might be obtained from his institution at Balti more. Upon receiving his answer in the affirmative, it was communicated to the proper authority, and Mr. Lancaster was solicited to visit Harpers-Ferry, with a view to obtaining the aid of his experi ence and advice, in respect to the estab lishment of such a seminary. At that time, in the first instance, it was not even imagined that an opposition to a measure of so beneficial a tendency would he open ly avowed, much less that it would be published to the world, and expose the inhabitants of Harpers-Ferry to the foul disgrace of being the only community in the United States who were disposed to slander one of the most useful of men. Such, however, has been the case. A few individuals, whpse standing in society gave to their assertions a weight to which they were not entitled, took advantage of the credulity of those who moked to them for correct information, and with a mali cious activity contrived to exciie the pre judices of many, to such a degree, that, on Mr. Lancaster’s arrival here, his sys tem was viewed by them as an imposi -Kj£ N** i.?r»pr>&t0> T'o obviate the ill effects of the misrepresen tations which were then made, the writer of this article took a course which none but.a good cause would ever admit of with any. probability of success. He collected facts,'and submitted them to the com munity, believing that the natural good sense of his countrymen would enable them to detect and treat with due con tempt the deceptions which had been practised upon them. But the opponents of the Lancasterian System of Education, at this place, it appears, thought differ ently. Having at first succeeded in de ceiving those who confided in them and had listened to their false statements, they have since shewn that they thought no insinuation too absurd to be belie ed by those they had once duped. They have not hesitated to intimate to the inhabi tants of Harpers-Ferry that Joseph Lan caster, the man who had received such distinguished attentions from the Con gress of the United States, had come to this little place to intrigue with one of its inhabitants to trumpet his fame to the world ! ! and that the numbers which ap peared in the Free Press, signed by “ An American,” were written by Mr. Lancas ter, although the contrary was evident on the face of those very numbers. The strong testimonials in favor of the Lan casterian System of Education, which they contain, being from som e of the most eminent men in Europe and in America —for instance, the Marquis Fayette, who said in the French Legislative As sembly that the system was the most im portant invention, since that of printing, which had been offered to mankind. The Edinburgh Reviewers, wrho testi fied to its excellence as applied to the higher branches oi education. De Witt Clinton, Governor of the state of New York, who, in his message to the legislature of that state, says, that “having participated in the first estab 1 lishfhent of the Lancasterian System in ( , this country, having carefully observed ;i , its progress and witnessed its benefits, I :» . can confidently recommend it as an inva luable improvement, which, by a wonder ; ful combination of economy in expense, n f and rapidity of instruction, has created a ■« new era in education,5’and “ that wherever it has been attempted it has succeeded.” The Pennsylvania Board of Control lers who say, that since its introduction , into that state the cost of education in the schools, where it has been adopted, has been reduced to one-third of its for ty mer amount—that it is by far the most V economical mode of public instruction— V, that it causes the greatest number of chil dren to be brought to the schools, secures the most regular attendance and the most icqrrect deportment of the pupils at the schools, and the education which it en sures is correct, substantial, and really efficient. An opponent of the Lancasterian Sys tem, at this place, as if desirous of shew ing that he is willing to go all lengths in his attempts to deceive the community, asserts, in the last paper, (Free Press of 15th inst.) that “ in a late National Intel ligencer may he found a highly wfought recommendation, bearing the imposing name: of Joseph Lancaster, expressive of the high satisfaction he entertains of a young man who has been ten years trader his u immediate tuitionSee. The fol lowing copy of the ad mr-ti^emen-t. from The ■?vt«foTraTT7fce!iigencer of '28th Dec. will shew the falsity of that writer’s inti mation, and that the expression “ imme diate tuition,” which he has quoted as being contained in it, is a sheer fabrica tion of his own. Mr. Lancaster there states: “ This experienced teacher has been ten years engaged in tuition on the system,” viz. engaged in teaching others. The opponent then goes on to insinuate that this teacher has been “ ten years ac quiring the useful art of making letters in the sand,” and undoubtedly expects that those who have believed the gross ab surdities which have formerly been utter ed against the Lancasterian System, will give credit to this also. To Committees and Patrons of Lancas terian Schools. A young gentleman, whose qualifica tions are of the highest character, and worthy of tlie warmest encomiums, is respectfully recommended by Joseph Lan caster, founder of the Lancasterian Sys tem of Education, as superintendant of a school of any magnitude, from a hundred to a thousand pupils. This experienced teacher has been ten years engaged in tui tion, on the system, in many cases under Joseph Lancaster’s own eye, and in all with his immediate sanction and appro bation. Joseph Lancaster considers it but justice to state, that no other teacher on the system, in England, America, or on Che continent cl ibaropu, p'cscirsscs, or is entitled to the same ample testimonials from its founder; no one having had equal opportunities of attending his lectures, of improving by his experience, of visiting institutions in Europe and America, and becoming acquainted with his latest im provements. Letters on this subject, post paid, may be addressed to Joseph Lancaster, Lancasterian Institute, Baltimore. The fact is, the enemies of that excel lent method of instruction know, that if the inhabitants of Harpers-Ferry do but reflect, for themselves, without bias, in this case, and make their own calcula tions upon the subject, they will be uni versally in favor of the adoption of the Lancasterian System of Education, and that the only chance of preventing it rests on the boldness and success of their mis representations. They well know, that the inhabitants of Harpers-Ferry will not long consent to support four teachers out of their hard earnings, after they clearly perceive that one of them may, upon the Lancasterian plan, do much better for their children, and produce a saving of their expenses for books, pens, ink, pa per, pencils, fire wood, and ultimately, a reduction of their rents; and knowing also, that it is impossible to disprove the testimonials of its goodness, they have re course to the basest insinuations and per versions of truth to effect their vile pur poses. AN AMERICAN. Harpers-Ferry, Jan. 15, 1822. [There is a sentence in the foregoing upon which it is due to ourselves to re mark. It is that in which the writer af fects surprise that the system for the in troduction of which he has been laboring, should have met with opposition, “ much less that it would be published to the world.” We will say nothing of the in delicacy of presenting to an editor an ar ticle containing such an insinuation ; but spurn the indirect charge of aiding in the slander of “ one of the most useful of men.” Such conduct is neither consonant to our feelings nor compatible with our ideas of justice. So far from it, that we gave to a defence of this person’s system and con duct a far greater latitude than, perhaps, even the most liberal notions of the free dom of the press demanded. We did so, because we believe it to be of the very es sence of republicanism, that a free and ample discussion of every question of public interest should be allowed; and that not only the system, but the motives of the advocates of any particular theory, should be fairly canvassed, as tending to elicit light and to produce correct results. The man who will, from an o’erweening fastidiousness, shrink from a scrutiny of hr motives and conduct, may lay claim to, br; rrill find some difficulty in sustaining’, the dignified attribute of usefulness. We d' - laim all feelings of hostility to this, or rtiality for any other system of edu camin, it being our purpose to give to every proposition a fair and impartial hearing. In doing this, however, neither just-Vie nor a true sense of propriety de mand, that we should tamely yield to un camlid imputations or insinuations affect ing the line of conduct which conscious rectitude has prescribed to us.]—Editors. MR. JBALOWIn’s RESOLUTIONS, l j\ ’) before the House of Representatives. . . t/. That it_Js expedient to pro vtfie uy law, that, from and after theihir tieth day of Jure next, the same rates of duties which aisy by the existing laws, now laid on goods, wares, and merchan dize, composed of any specified material, or of which any specified article is the material or chief value, shall be laid on all goods, wares, and merchandize, where - of any such specified article shall be a component material. That, to the existing rates of duties up on goods, wares, and merchandize, (glass excepted,) there shall be added the amount of such bounty or bounties as, on the ex portation thereof, may be given, paid, or allowed, in the place or country whence imported, produced, or manufactured, or in any place or country in which any bounty, or premium, in the nature thereof may be given, paid, or allowed, on the exportation of similar articles, which shall be ascertained and calculated in such man ner, and under such rules and regulations, as the Secretary of the Treasury shall from time to time prescribe. That all and singular of the provisions of the forty-first section of the act, entitled “ an act to provide more effectually for the collection of the duties imposed by law on goods, wares, and merchandize, imported into the United States, and on the tonnage of ships and vessels, approv ed the fourth of August, seventeen hun dred and ninety,” be, and the same are hereby revived and continued in force, as if the same was herein specially enacted, reducing the custom-house credi'y to the tines limited by the law of oi^a^jusand seven hundred and ninety. That there shall be levied and paid up on the following articles imported into the United States, in ships or vessels of the United States, the several duties here inafter mentioned, over and above the du ties now payable by law, viz : On iron, in bars or bolts, per hundred weight, fifty cents. On hemp, per hundred wright, one dollar. On lead, and all manufactures thereof, per pound, two cents. On glass, of all kinds, per pound, six cents. On all articles paying a duty of seven and a half per cent, and twenty per cent, ad valorem, and on all articles not free, and not subject to any other rate of duty, (raw silks excepted) five per centum ad valorem. On ail manulactures ot silk, oroi which silk is a component material, (raw silks excepted) fifteen per centum ad valorem. On linen, and all articles of which flax is a component material, ten per centum ad valorem. That the duties now in force upon the articles hereinafter enumerated and des cribed, at their importation into the U. States, shall cease ; and that, in lieu there of, there shall thenceforth be laid, levied, and collected, upon the said articles, at their importation, the several and respec tive rates of duties following, that is to say: On slates and tiles for building, not exceeding twelve inches square, two dol lars per thousand ; over twelve inches square, and not exceeding fourteen inches square, three dollars per thousand ; over fourteen, and not exceeding sixteen inch es square, four dollars per thousand ; over sixteen, and not exceeding eighteen inches square, five dollars per thousand; over eighteen, and not exceeding twenty-four inches square, six dollars per thousand. On bricks, three dollars per thousand. Oh all royal, super-royal, imperial, ele phant, medium, demy, crown, folio, quar to, post, cap, and post paper suitable for writing, or blank books, and all drawing and copper plate paper, twenty cents per pound. On all paper suitable for staining and for printing, twelve cents per pound. On all other paper two cents per pound. On screws of iron, commonly called wood-screws, not exceeding one inch in length, eight cents per groce; over one inch, and not exceeding two inches in length, fourteen cents per groce; over two inches in length, twenty cents per groce. On linseed oil, twenty-five cents per gallon. Resolved, That the committee on ma nufactures be instructed to report a bill pursuant to the foregoing resolution. FROM SOUTH AMERICA. CARACCAS, NOV. 20. Things look uncommonly prosperous in the Colombian Republic. The arrival of an American consul, in Mr. Lowrey, looks well. Liberal principles are taking deep root in our Congress Hall. Coffee and sugar are to be exported duty free for ten years. Cocoa and indigo to pay tea jKTrt! rn AOtv ;,~ paratus, tools of mechanics, and agricu. turists, are to be free of imposts, ano busts, pictures, See. to be admitted freely. Custom-house oaths are abolished, and & word of honor taken. — FROM THE CHARLESTON CITY GAZETTE. Pirates Sentenced.—At Savannah, o& Friday, the 28th inst. eight prisoners, viz. John White, Robert Wessals, Ge; rg@ Tucker, John Martin, Pierre Mauraux, Solomon Lodowick, Thomas Hall, and John Lloyal, were called up to receive the sentence of the law, in the United States* Circuit Court held at that place. A mo tion was made by the counsel for the ac cused in arrest of judgment on the ground of informality in the indictment and sen tence ; but the argument was overruled by judge Johnson, who then proceeded to pass the awful sentence. It is said his address to the prisoners was short and unstudied ; but its impression was great ly heightened by the feeling manner in which it was uttered. The occasion alone would render the solemn award of justice an appeal more eloquent in substanr* than in language. The prisoners^ added, felt it; one of them faintec with that sickness of the heart shuts out hope ; and, generally, th< guor of muscle and despairing loo ced the horror of that trying r One man. however. (Solomon jLoc . listened to his fate without any appa^ emotion, and when the first Wednesday in April was named as the day of igno minious death, he smiled, and in retiring* declared he would die contented, if he could only be revenged on his accusers. Another example will, we trust, be now made of the final result of guilty pursuits. Murder and piracy are deeds that all man kind must unite to execrate and punish. Wretches whose actions throw them out of the pale of civilized society, should be cast away from its protection, and no false clemency, no natural throb of pity, which rises within us at the prospect of their dreadful fate, should divert the sword of justice from its exterminating sweep. The seas have been crimsoned with the blood of the honest mariner, and the wealth of the industrious merchant is scattered by the winds, or made the pan der and exciter to vice and villainy. ’Tis time to crush the hydra and spare man kind. -—• BALTIMORE, JAN. 5. Counterfeiters.—In our paper of the 31st ult. we noticed the apprehension of three persons at Savannah, detected in having1 and passing counterfeit notes. Another account states, that the consta bles were in pursuit of four other fellows* supposed to be accomplices; and gives the following list of false notes found on one of them 3,700 dollars Planters’ and Mechanics’ Bank, Charleston ; 2,400 dol lars Farmers’ Bank of Virginia, Winches ter, Lynchburg, Petersburg, and Frede ricksburg branches ; 1,500 dollars Frank lin Bank of Baltimore ; 3,500 dolls. Bank of Orleans. All the above are 100 dollar notes; 60 dollars Philadelphia Bank-—10 dollar notes; 11,260 dollars in one par cel; 2,000 dollars Bank of Orleans'—100 dollar notes; 1,100 dollars Planters’and Mechanics’, do. ; 100 dollar notes, Far mers’ Bank, Virginia; 3,200 dollars in another parcel; both found in an old stocking; Another letter to S. M. Allen at Netf York, dated Charleston, 25th ult. states, that a suspicion exists that these villains1 are the mail robbers, as genuine one hun dred dollar notes of the Planters’ and Me chanics’ Bank, Chari, ston, have been found on them, the number only being altered. Some of the above described notes, particularly on the Franklin Bank of Baltimore, are so well executed as to have been received by the banks in Phi ladelphia. A person had been arrested in New York, for offering a false 100 dol lar note of the Planters’ and Mechanics* Bank of Charleston. An attempt had been made to pass counterfeit Virginia, bills in that city.