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£<to shew virtue her own feature, scorn her own image, and the very age and eody of the time, his form and pressure.’
VOL. I. HARPERS-FERRY, VIRGINIA, TUESDAY, MARCH 5, 1822. No. 31* PUBLISHED, WEEKLY, BY JOHN S. GALLAHER CO. CONDITIONS. The “Free Press” is published at two dollars per annum, if paid in advance; two dollars and twenty-five cents if paid at the end of six months ; or, two dollars and fifty cents at the expiration of the year. Notice must be given of a wish to dis continue, at the end of the time subscrib ed for, or it will be considered a new en gagement. No paper will be discontinued until all arrearages are paid. ./.p' As payment in advance will serve the interest of all concerned, that mode is respectfully solicited. %* Advertisements inserted three times fo me dollar per square ; and twenty-five cents for every subsequent insertion. DATE FROM BRAZIL. CHARLESTON, FEB. 13. By the brig Fortuna, capt. Scott from Pernambuco, which place he left on the @th January, we have the following intel ligence : After a severe contest with the Eu ropean troops, the Brazilians had succeed ed in establishing the new constitution, ' and had compelled the European general Don Louis de Rego, with,the whole of his -troops, to embark for Portugal. An illu mination took place in consequence of the king’s having disappro'ed of the oppres sive administration of the government, in the hands of gen. De Rego, and the return of the Patriot prisoners sent by him to Europe. Tranquility was established, •ana energetic steps were taken by the pro vincial government, for the increase of Mie patriot army. A new general had just arrived, and af ter hesitating- to land for a few days, his 'droops having fallen to leeward, his re ception was a mockery of military pa rade by the Brazilian troops. Every pre paration had been made to resist the new troops, (800 in number) on their landing, or, if permitted to land, to retain them as prisoners. The court of Portugal had manifested he most conciliatory disposition, to re in the dependence of her trans-atlantic ^BBttlements ; notwithstanding which the azilians seemed universally to desire an emancipation from a yoke which had hitherto held them in the most disgust ing ignorance and oppressive bondage. The press was about commencing its operations, by tie publication of three newspapers in the city of Pernambuco. Emigration.—We perceive that a soci ety called the “British Union Society,” is now forming at Doncaster, by a num ber of religious families, for the purpose of establishing an agricultural colony in the state of Illinois, in the United States. A general fund is to be raised by sub scription for the purchase of land stock, &x. ; and a common store is to be kept, from which the colonists will be supplied with goods at wholesale prices. Reli gious teachers will be appointed, and the children will be taught useful learning. Many other regulations are proposed in the plan, with a view to ensure the suc cess of the emigrants. Real Gratitude.—The Legislature of Alabama have passed an act, granting the half pay of a colonel in the regular army, to col. Samuel Dale, a citizen of Alabama, in consideration of his services in the late Creek war; the pension to be continued to him during his life. The rank of Brig adier General has also been conferred on It is said in the trench' newspapers, that no one was more surprised at the late change in the French ministry, than the -''ussian ambassador in Paris. When he '.pressed his astonishment and regret to Couis XVIII. the monarch replied drily : I was desirous to see, while living, how France would be governed after my death.’ A letter from a respectable source at Richmond states, that the Virginia Court of Appeals has decided that the debts due to imchartered banks are not recoverable. rif this decision goes the whole length of establishing the general rule,without qua lification, the paper of these banks, now held by individuals, &c. to the amount of (it is supposed) two hundred thousand dollars, becomes as worthless as so many dead leaves of the forest. It is probable, ho wever, that the decision only applies to debts contracted subsequent to the 1st Nov. 1816, or rather to the period fixed by a supplementary law, after which un incorporated banking institutions were outlawed by the statutes of Virginia. The article which follows has been cir culated in some of the western counties in the form of a hand-hill, and was trans mitted to us by mail, with a request to re publish it. We comply with the request, because we think that every question of interest to the community ought be fairly investigated, previous to its being defini tively acted on. Of the expediency of the proposed measure, we will not pretend to speak, but will leave it to the decision of those whom interest or duty may invite to the discussion. REMOVAL OF THE SEAT OF GOVERNMENT. To the People of Virginia. This is a question in which every citi zen of Virginia, however humble and ob scure his station, is interested, and one on which the people will, in some way or other, be called upon to express an opi nion. io aid you in coming to correct con clusions on this important question, per mit one whose interest is identified with yours, one who honestly and sincerely de sires to see the integrity of his nati e state preserved, and the happiness and prosperity of its citizens promoted, to sub mit you some reflections thereupon. When the people of Virginia come to view this subject in all its aspects, the just and solid objections which apply against the seat of government being con tinued at Richmond, will be found too imperious to be resisted by any man, who will make justice his polar star. The limits of an address, however, of this kind, will not admit of my noticing all the objections to Richmond as the seat of government; 1 shall, therefore, lor the present, content myself by calling your serious consideration to one, which I con sider most prominent; and that is, That Richmond, in the event of war, is too much exposed to the attacks and inju ries of an enemy. If I shall be able to satisfy you of the correctness of this proposition, may I not with some confidence ask, that you will unite your efforts with mine in procuring its removal to some more safe and central position? In our deliberations upon state affairs, can we appeal to a safer guide than his tory ? Misled by interest and prejudice, we often view the affairs of the present through a false and obscure medium ; but it is the task of impartial history, to hold up to us the contemplation of facts which have existed, that we may profit by the example or the errors of those who have gone before us, and avoid the rocks upon which they have split. Taking then his tory for our guide, let us look to the facts which occurred during our revolutionary war, and see if Richmond is a safe or pro per place for the seat of go'ernment. Early in the month of December, 1780, gen. Washington communicated to the governor of Virginia that the enemy then in New York were making preparations for an expedition to the south, and admo nishing him to prepare to meet the inva sion. According to the prediction of your beloved Washington, the enemy anchored in Hampton Roads on the 30th of the same month; and gen. Nelson, then at Richmond, was dispatched for the pur pose of raising the lower militia, for the defence of the metropolis of your state. On the 4th of January the traitor Arnold, at the head ot 900 men, landed at West over, 25 miles from' Richmond. During all this time, we had been unable to col lect more than between 1 and 200 militia, (including those of the city of Richmond) for the defence of the metropolis of our state. And what is the. reason assigned in Marshall’s Life of Washington for our not being able to collect a greater force to rep d the enemy ? “ That the country ex tending from Richmond to the ocean is unfavorable to the prompt assemblage of militia, and the white population not nu merous.” These reasons of themselves are sufficient to prove that Richmond is not a safe or proper place for the seat of government. And as was to be expected, from this state of defence, Arnold on the 5th of January entered the metropolis of your state without, ! may say, the shadow, of resistance. Fortunately for us, the pre sent capitol was not then erected, or it would, beyond doubt, have shared the same disgraceful fate which the capitol of the United States at Washington did a few years since. The enemy, embolden ed by their success, dispatched col. Sim coe at the head of 400 men to Westharq, about 20 miles above Richmond, to des troy our public property and military stores, which had been carried thither as a place of safety. In this enterprize, Sim coe succeeded without the loss of a sin gle man, ©r the e&chai\ge of a single shot, i And in addition to destroying our public property and military stores, a great num ber of our public records and papers were burnt; yes, some of the very papers which some of yo»u perhaps have so often sought after in tire public offices in Richmond in vain; the papers our revolutionary sol diers have so often soughtafter to enable them to obtain from their country that bounty which their services and suffer ings entitled them to, and for the want of which many of them are now wandering about “ without a shelter from the piti less peltings ol the winter s storm. After the 'relation of these facts, I would ask any man who has a regard for the ho nor, the interest, or prosperity of Virgi nia, whether if he had been about to fix on a place for the seat of government at that time, he would have selected Richmond. But to prove my position need I stop .here; no, subsequent events go still strong er to shew that Richmond is not safe from the injuries of an enemy. After the warning which this visit of the enemy to Richmond had given us, to prepare for the defence of the metropolis of our state. After five months time given us, to make that preparation, the enemy again appear ed upon our coast, and finding no force to oppose them, a second time entered the metropolis of our state, and gathering fresh courage from their success, Tarlton is dispatched with 250 men to capture our legislature, then sitting at Charlottes ville, eighty miles above Richmond, and actually succeeded in taking seven of them. Incredible and strange as these facts may appear, they are nevertheless true, as will be seen by a reference to the 4th vol. 8th chap, of Marshall’s Life of Washington. And to use the language of a late eminent historian, “ What little remained of the vitals of resistance were still left in this exposed region of the state, instead of being all collected and transported over the Blue Ridge, our near est security.” And the consequence was, our public stores were again destroyed. I might adduce to you other facts, which occurred during our revolutionary war, to support my proposition, but I deem it unnecessary, and will now come to a time, not long gone by, and which is fresh in the memory of every man, and with which is associated many a painful recollection. The last war. Who among us was itr that did not entertain, and justly entertain, fears for the capitol of our state—was it the citizens of Rich mond i1 Yes, people of Virginia, while you were receiving the parting benedic tion of your parents, and tearing your selves from the arms of your distracted wives and weeping children, they were | hastening with theirs, (as it was natural I and perhaps right they should do) to a place of safety. Was not the money of their banks sent off; was not the public property, or such of it as could be, re moved ; was not the public records and papers packed up and sent off, (and ought the public records and papers ever to be in a situation in which the public cannot have free access to them ?) Do not these facts speak the fears and alarms of the people of Richmond for their safety ? Do they not prove to you that your capital was threatened*—was in danger? Did not your patriotic governor call upon you in the most earnest manner possible to repair to. the capital of yGur state to de fend it; yes, such was the danger that threatened it, that he even invited you to come singly—and did you not, like the mountain torrent, rush to its defence. But with all your expedition, all your pa triotism, you could not have sav ed it, had the enemy moved with as much celerity to attack it, as they did during the war oi the revolution. Will you, people of Virginia, after all these warnings and admonitions; warn ings I had almost said sent from heaven— be content to permit your public proper ty, your public records, the records of your land titles, to remain in this expo sed, this dangerous situation ? Will you fold your arms in security, and say, we are not now engaged In war ? that is true ; but how long we shall enjoy the blessings of peace, He who guides and governs the destiny of nations alone can tell. We must expect to suffer the changes and vi cissitudes attendant upon all human af fairs. To contend against their appear ance is folly, but to be prepared for the emergency, a duty we owe to ourselves, and our posterity. In peace we must pre pare for war. I hope from these remarks, and the re lation of these facts, I shall not be under stood as in the slightest degree question ing the bravery or patriotism of the peo ple of Richmond and the lower section of the state. No, far be it from me—L know they are not wanting in love of country, or in bravery'—they nave afforded many n bright examples of the truth of this, not only during the revolutionary, hut the last war. Yes, many of them have sealed their demotion to country with their blood. But, unfortunately for themselves—unfor tunately for their country, they have with in their bosoms an enemy that is more, if possible, to be dreaded than an open and public enemy—an enemy that deals in secresy and midnight darkness—and I would appeal to the candor of the people of the lower section of the state, and ask if this very consideration has not prevent ed thousands of them from flying to the standard of their country, to the defence of the capital of their state ? Yes, when | your country was invaded, nave you cot | appealed to your brethren of the North, of the South and West, and said, will you my brave, my generous brethren— sk that we shall leave to the mercy of this most dreadful enemy, our aged parents, the tender partners of our bosoms, and the children of our affection l Let the bleeching bones of our sons around the sandy plains of Norfolk and Richmond answer the appeal you made to them. Permit me to suggest one further con sideration, and I have done. As long as your capitol remains at Richmond, as long as your armory and other public re cords, and the records of your land titles remain there, so long do you hold out an inducement, and a strong inducement to an enemy to attack it. Remove then to some more safe and central position, and you lessen the inducement of the enemy, and promote thereby not only the safety and interest of the people of Richmond and the lower section of the state, but the convenience of a large majority of the ci tizens of Virginia. a Virginian, MORE PIRATES CAPTURED. CHARLESTON, FEB. 14. The U. S. sch’r Grampus, (12 guns} lieut. corn’d Gregory, from a cruise of 4 months in the West Indies and along the Spanish Main, arrived at our port yester day morning,last from Santa Martha. She < has brought in three pirates, viz : James Maxfield, one of the crew that robbed the Orleans, of Philadelphia, and Charles Owens and James Ross, who robbed a Portsmouth schr. of §>2000 in the Bite at Leogane. One of these daring freeboot ers was delivered up to Lieut. G. by the Governor of St. Bartholomews, and the other two by the President of Haytu fop trial by the U. States. The Grampus boarded several privateers during hep cruize, and traversed a space of 9000 miles, spreading terror among those wretches whose impotence is equal to their atrocity, and who only require ac tive pursuit to frighten them out of visi ble existence. We learn by the above arrival, that the inhabitants of Portobello and Panama had expelled the Spaniards, and declared fop the Patriots. About two thousand men had embarked at Carthagena, the middle of January, to garrison those places. A fleet, with two thousand men, sailed front Santa Martha during the same month for Maracaibo and Porto Cabello, and it was confidently expected that these places would surrender upon the first summ ns. The Grampus touched at Cape Tiber oon,(Hayti.) Seven thousand men had marched for the City of St. Domingo—it was reported that the advance had taken possession of the city, and that the whole island was completely in possession of the blacks. This information confirms whaff we received a few days ago, via Savannah,, On the 1st February the Grampus ; boarded a vessel off Cape Cruz, which informed that they saw the day before an American brig of war with a schooner a prize its company. The U. S. brig Spark touched at Cape Tiberoon, middle bf Jan'* uary with a schooner a prize in company^ CHARLESTON, FEB. 13. Protection to Commerce.—The United States’ sch’r Alligator, lieut. comma? d ant Stockton, will proceed forthwith from this port to the West Indies, for the safe ty and protection of navigation from pi rates. The time of service of the crew of the Alligator has expired, but upotj being told by lieut. Stockton of the cruise on which their country wished them to engage, to employ them three months, they gave their commander three g beers, and entered to a man.