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LATEST FROM ENGLAND.
BOSTON, MAY 5. On Saturday evening, the British ship Mary Catharine, captain Pace, arrived at this port in the short passage of 25 days from Liverpool. We have been favored by Mr. Topliff with London papers to April 6. Their contents begin to assume more interest and importance than those brought by former and recent arrivals. From the article dated London, 5th, glv eti below, it appears, that the negotiations between Turkey and Prussia will not ter minate so favorably to peace as had been before anticipated. We have never seen any previous language of the Courier, up on this subject, which had so decidedly a warlike character. It would seem also to have been prompted by authentic in formation, as but two days before the same paper had said, in decided terms, there could be no doubt that peace would be preserved. The subject of opening the West India trade has been brought before Parliament, and from the manner in which it was brought forward, it seems highly proba ble^ that this measure, recommended by the ministry, and supported with its in fluence, will receive the approbation of parliament.—-[Patriot. BRITISH WEST INDIA TRADE. On the 1st of April, the President of the Board of Trade, Mr. F. Robinson, brought forward in the House of Com mons two resolutions, which were agreed to and reported, and leave was given to bring in two bills, founded upon these re solutions ; the one for regulating the trade between the British West Indies and the United States ; the second to regulate the trade between the former and other parts of the world. By the first of these bills, as Mr. Robinson explained himself in a speech to the House, preparatory to mov ing his resolutions, is intended to open the West India Islands to a direct trade with this country, subjecting such of our ex ports as are also produced in Great Bri tain and in the British North American colonies, viz. corn, flour, and timber, to a small discriminating duty. The second bill contemplates to provide for a direct trade between the West India Islands and the other parts of the world. The proba bility of the complete independence of South America seems to have been among the principal inducements to this mea sure. On account of the holidays, Parliament adjourned on the 3d April for a fortnight. The Courier of the 3d ult. contains a se ries of official papers relative to the Af rican Slave Trade, printed by the order of the House of Commons, which present melancholy evidence, of the increase of this execrable traffic. A report upon the agricultural distresses of the country had also been made to the House of Com mons, but not acted upon. The Courier praises it as an able “ expose” of the state of the country, while the opposition pa pers are loud in condemning it as falla cious and unsatisfactory. It recommends no measure for the permanent relief of the agricultural distresses, but proposes some temporary expedients. The disturbances, outrages, and mur ders, continued in Ireland. Executions of the discontented were constantly taking place, under the protection of a powerful military escort. The discontented ap pear to be well supplied with arms and ammunition. In the county of Sussex, England, the system of burning in the night corn stacks, and destroying other produce, was extending itself. | The English private bankers have been making great profits by discounting at 4 per cent, while the Bank of England has asked the old rate of 5 per cent. The Courier expresses its belief, that the Bank of England would also shortly discount at 4 ner cent. ST PETERSBURG, MARCH 9. We expect that the new tariff will soon be published, by which it is probable that trade will be rendered more brisk, an ex traordinary stagnation having arisen from the incredibly great importation, and the want of sale caused by the difficulty of communication with the interior from the mildness of the winter. LONDON, APRIL 5. The contents of the French papers re ceived this morning, as might be expect ed, are of a most warlike character; and it can be no longer doubted, we appre hend, that the pacific hopes which were so strongly entertained a week ago, are now, if not at an end, at least considerably di minished. The cause of this sudden change in the temper of the Turkish gov ernment has not transpired; and in the absence of positive facts, conjecture, as usual, is very active. Some say that the Divan have been all along cajoling the European ministers at Constantinople, in order to gain time, others, that the fate of Ali Pacha has inspired this fatal energy; while a third class of reasoners maintain, that the dread of provoking the Janissa ries has induced the Sultan to abandon his pacific policy. It may be that all these various motives are among the ingre dients of that resolution which appears to have been decisively taken at last; but, on the other hand, it is just as likely that mere uaroariun caprice ib me suniiu) cause. The political consequences to which a war will lead, we shall not even glance at, till the fact that war will ensue is more certain.—[ Courier. PHILADELPHIA, MAY 8. Pirates.—By the brig Joseph Eastburn, capt. Earl, arrived at this port, in 13 days from St. Bartholomews, we learn, that, on the 19th April last, the decree by the court of St. Bartholomews was passed on Jive men and a boy, that had wantonly at tacked an American schooner called the American, for the purpose of robbing and murdering the captain, crew, and a pas senger, and had succeeded in getting alongside, and shooting one of the crew, when, by some fortunate means, their boat sheered off', which caused the escape of those persons on board from a horrid and untimely fate. It was well known that the passenger had on board a few thousand dollars in cash. The pirates were sen tenced, with the exception of the boy, to death: the boy, being a minor, is to re ceive fifteen pair of rods, and banishment for life. The indefatigable zeal of the governor and his officers, on this occa sion, is worthy of the highest praise j es pecially the town mayor, Mr. Iiaasum, who went in pursuit of them ; but the su perior sailing and management of their boat favored their escape from him. It is to be regretted that the leader of this band was mortally wounded, as it has de prived the government from tracing this blackest of crimes to its extent, he having expressed, in his last moments, that he could implicate many more if he wished !! He received his wound from the musket of one of the sailors on board Mr. Mar call’s schooner, the Model. Mr. M. hav ing intelligence of their being out, went immediately in pursuit, and apprehended them. An action so readily undertaken as this was by Mr. M. merits the highest praise. It is, however, of such a nature as ought to call the attention of every good citizen, as a duty incumbent upon them, to aid a government and island to whom they ought to be well-wishers.—-Sentinel. ■mem PITTSBURG, APRIL 19. We cannot avoid noticing- the expedi tion with which goods have lately been transported from the eastward to differ ent points on the western waters. A load of goods arrived here on the 5th of last month, only 14 days from Philadel phia, and was put on board the steam boat General Neville that evening; in 12 days more they were delivered at St. Louis, making in all 26 days, being the shortest time allowed for keel boats to that place in the best stages of the river. The same boat left this place on the 13th inst. for the falls-—the morning she left here Mr. Logan put on board a wagon load of goods for Cincinnati, which had been 18 days on the road from Philadel phia, to which add three days more for the trip, and those goods will have arriv ed at Cincinnati in 21 days from Phila delphia. These are facts that speak vo lumes in favor of steam boat navigation and turnpike roads, and augur favorably for the future prosperity of Pittsburg. Travelling by Steam.—We are inform ed that the possibility of travelling and transporting goods in carriages moved by steam, will soon be tried on a most ex tensive scale. So confident are the pro jectors of their success^ that, not content ed with securing their means by patent in England, they have made themselves ci tizens of Holland & France, & taken such steps in Germany as will enable them to try their experiment over half Europe simultaneously. We are not instructed in the details of this invention, or rather application of invented principles in me chanism, and in the use of that powerful agent, Steam; but persons of judgment in such matters speak in sanguine terms of the plan.—[ London Lit. Gaz. The following paragraph appears in the Gazette de France-—At a masked ball, which took place at Cassel on the 21st January, the prince royal being pursued by several masks, and apprehensive of be ing recognised, changed his mask with his valet de chambre. The latter was accosted by the persons who had followed the Prince, and had the imprudence to accept from them a glass of grog. Fie was immediately taken ill, and expired the next day. The letter of the 9th Feb ruary, which announces this event, states up to that day no traces had been discov ered of the parties implicated in this crime. A quantity of Silver Plate, consisting of a coffee-pot, tea-pot, sugar-pot, table spoons, tea-spoons, &c. stolen from the family of the late Mr. Thomas Shipboy, of this city, 40 years ago, viz. in the year 1778, were, a few days since, found by a person, while ploughing up a new field on the hill west of this city, dnd not ma terially injured, though it had remained for nearly half a century buried in the earth. Only one of Mr. Shipbov’s family is now living, Mrs. Visscher, wife of col. Sebastian Visscher, of this city. I Alb, Daily Arf'ver. U. ■ S. firig- Enterfirize.—We learn, by the sloop Edward, that this vessel was left at Tampico, 26 days since, taking in wa ter, bound on a cruize, and to this port. Capt. Savage, at Boston, reports, that the Enterprize arrived at Campeachy about the middle of March, and sailed on the 27th for Vera Cruz. He understood she had taken, at different times, 17 sail of piratical vessels, and destroyed most of them, but made no prisoners, their crews having all made their escape. We learn, says the Palladium, that capt. Savage brought information that a differ ence had occurred between the Governor of Campeachy and Capt. Kearney: the former intending to seize upon some pro perty which the latter considered Ameri can and was determined to protect, and to retaliate any hostile measures. From Curracoa.—Capt. Ireland, of the Vestal, informs, that the Patriot forces were blockading Porto Cabeilo, which, it was expected, would surrender to them in a few days. It was also reported that Coro was taken. General Morrell was close to Maracaibo with 3000 men.—■Gaz. Extract of a letter from an inhabitant of I New York, residing at Port au Pnncc, dated April 13, 1822. “ I have the pleasure to inform you that the great Boyer has broken the shackles from the slaves throughout the island of St. Domingo,and there is NOT A SLAVE that now inhabits that fertile land, but peace and liberty reigns universally.5’ [ Daily Adver. KENTUCKY CURRENCY. We are happy to state, that the alarm which so suddenly arose respecting our currency, has, as suddenly, subsided. Specie and eastern funds have declined very considerably during: the last week, and Commonwealth’s Bank Notes have much improved. This circumstance con firms the opinion we expressed in our last, that a steady adherence to the prudent and judicious course marked out by the bank, will ensure the credit of its paper, and soon bring it up to a nearer approxi mation, in value, to specie. We regret as much as any of our neighbours the pres ent unfortunate state of things, and depre cate the establishment of a system of pa per currency. Yet we believe it, under existing circumstances, to be at once the interest and the imperative duty of every good citizen, to contribute, so far as may be in his power, to the support of the credit of the circulating medium of the state. We hope and trust that the differ ence of exchange will continue to decline until it becomes comparatively inconsi derable.—jj Western Monitor. New Military Post.—*We understand that the War Department has determined to establish a military post at the Sault, St. Mary’s, between lakes Huron and Su perior. It is to be occupied by a detach ment of 250 of the 2d regiment now at Sackett’s Harbor.—[Bupfaloe Journal. Whaling at home.—The two New Lon don smacks which have undertaken wha ling off Sandy Hook this spring, have al ready taken three, and carried them a shore at the Hook for their oil, besides losing one they had struck; finding an abundance of that animal within a short distance from the shore. The East-India Company.-—The first order of the East-India Company for the importation of tea, was in 1667-8 ; it was for their agents to send one hundred pounds weight only! In 1814, the quan tity of tea consumed in England w.as 24,740,000 lbs.; yielding a revenue to the government of more than four millions sterling ! The English East India Company com menced business with a capital of ^72,000 sterling, which in 200 years has increas ed to 21,000,000 ; they own 380,000 square miles; have 80,000,000 of inhabitants; 150,000 soldiers; and 17,000,000 annual income. This is a prodigious power for an incorporated company to possess. No wonder that England opposed Russia in attempts to subjugate Turkey and find a short cut to India. Thomas T. Kinney, Esq. Surrogate of the county of Essex, New-Jersey, has giv en notice to all persons interested, to ap pear before the Orphans’ Court in that county on the 10th of June, put in, and show claim to the right of administration in the case of Emanuel Antonio, alias Mr. Lewis, the mysterious stranger, who died suddenly in Newark some weeks since, and on whom a considerable sum of mo ney was found. The Centinel states that no less than 4 women claim a right, as widows of the deceased. A person having purchased a watch, placed it in his fob, and strutting across the floor, says to his wife, “ Where shall I drive a nail to hang my watch upon ?” “ I do not know a safer place,” replied the wife, “ than our meat barret—-I’m sure ; no one will go there to disturb it.” The Great 'JVaval Epcfierimen t.—A t appointed hour yesterday morning, all jB arrangements having been completed, 'ThF experiment was commenced which was - to test the practicability of hauling up, . on an inclined plane, upon the plan in- o vented by commodore Rogers, a large ship :( of war. The new frigate Potomac, of the ' class of 44 guns, and weighing, with the apparatus attached to her, about 1600 1 tons, was the, ship with which this inte- I resting and important experiment was to j be tried. Though a light wind prevailed, the ship was introduced without accident between the ways on which she was to , ascend, and at nine o’clock the power of three windlasses, worked by 40 or 50 men 1 each, was applied to the immense floating I castle, and she began slowly to ascend. The operation was Continued successful ly, until the ship was drawn almost out of the water. At this moment, the lashings which Connected the block of the centre purchase with the large cable that passed around the ship, fore and aft, and drew her on, parted. This accident, however, had been guarded against, and means ta ken, in case of such an occurrence, to pre vent the ship from running back. The n; vessel, therefore, remained firm in her place; but, as it required some hours to repair the damage, the remainder of the operation was deferred until this morn ing. The experiment has so far answer ed the expectations of its friends, and we believe there is no doubt entertained of its complete success. Should their hopes be realized, the invention will be of incal culable advantage to all maritime na tions, as it will enable them to preserve a naval force of any magnitude, always in readiness for the time of war, without the expense and deterioration which necessa rily attend the keeping a greater portion afloat, than may be requisite for a time of neace. A large concourse of citizens attended to witness this interesting spectacle ; and we ai’e sorry to add that a young son of col. Wm. Brent had his leg broke by the falling cable, when it gave .way.—Intel. NAVIGATION OF THE POTOMAC. It will be recollected that an unfortu nate difference of opinion, in a mere mat ter of form, of the very least importance, between the Governor and the Council of Virginia, prevented the effective appoint ment of commissioners, last year, to act in conjunction with those appointed by the Executive of Maryland, to survey the river Potomac, and to make a report thereon to the legislatures of those states, with a view to the commencement of ef fectual measures for completely opening the navigation of that important river. That a year should thus be lost, was a matter much to be regretted, not only on account of the great and lucrative com merce which seeks that channel, but tha(jj great importance which is so justly at tached to it as a medium of communica tion between the East and the West as a link binding those parts of the Union, to gether, more especially as, in the mean time, some very erroneous opinions with respect to that navigation have been broached, (and in some degree acted up on) which can exist only with the most imperfect knowledge of the subject, or have been produced by the most incorrect information. But we have the satisfac tion to find, that the legislature of Virgi nia, at their last session, took that busi ness out of the hands of the Governor and Council, aud, by a special act, themselves appointed the commissioners on the part of Virginia. It is to be hoped that these commissioners now, in conjunction with those appointed on the part of Maryland, will soon enter upon the discharge of this important trust. The earlier this is done in the season the better. The commis sioners appointed on the part of Virginia are, Mr. William Temple Thompson Ma son, of Loudoun county, Mr. Moses Hun ter, of Martinsburgh, and Mr. William Naylor, of Romney; which three or any two of whom may act. The commission ers appointed on the part of Maryland, are, Mr Eli Williams, and Mr. Athana sias Fenwick. On this subject, a very interesting Re port was made by the committee of the District of Columbia, of which Mr. Mer cer was the Chairman, on the last day but one of the session. This report, with other important public documents, we shall in due time lay before our readers. \_JSTut. Intel. BOSTON, MAY 2. Bunker Hill.—-The spot of ground up on which stands the monument erected in commemoration of the battle of Bunk er Hill, was yesterday knocked off to Dr. John C. Warren, of this city, for $640. , As Dr. W arren is a nephe w of the lament- I ed gen. Warren, who fell in Bunker Hill battle, we presume he has made this pur chase with a view of preserving uninjured the few remaining traces of that import ant event.—--[PaHiot. The State Arsenal, at Rome, N. Y. was destroyed by fire on the afternoon of the 2d inst. At this depot there were about 700 stand of arms arms and accoutrements, the priticjnal part of which were burnt.