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IMPORTANT FOREIGN NEWS.
. . * WAR IN EUROPE! The Packet Ship New York has ar rived at New York, bringing the impor ' tarit News, which will be found below. Opening of the Session of 1823. " Paris,' Jan. 28.—His Majesty, the King of France, having remained uncov ered for a moment, delivered the follow ing speech: “Gentlemen; The length ®of the two last sessions, the short time which they have left you unoccupied, would have made me wish to be able to put off, for a short time, the opening of* the present. But the regular vote of. fhe-expenditure of the states is an advantage of which you have felt all the value; and in order to preserve it, I'liave counted upon the same devotion which were necessary for me to obtain it. “ The situation of the interior of the kingdom is improved—the administra tion oi justice, loyally exercised by the Juries, wisely and religiqusly directed by the magistrates, has pjut an end to th,e plots and attempts at l^volt which were encouraged by the hope of impunity. “I have concluded ■ with the Holy See those conventions which were necessary for the formation of the new diocess of which the law authorizes the establish ment. . * “Every where the churches will be provided with their pastors'—and the clergy of France, comp3etely*organized, will bring upon us the ble'ssings of Pro vidence. “T have provided by. ordinances, as economy in our expenses required, regu lar order in the accounts. My Minis ters will submit to the sanation of the law the account of the expenses of the year 1821. They will furnish you with the statement of the receipts and expenses effected in 1822, and that of the charges and resources to be expected in 1J324. “ It results from these documents, that, all prior expenses being liquidated—even those which the military preparations have rendered necessary—we enter upon the year 1823, with forty millions of ex cess upon the accounts open for this year; and that the budget for 1824 will present a balance of receipts apd expens es, without requiring the employment of this reserve.. “France owed to Europe the exam ple of a prosperity which a nation can hot obtain but by the return to religion -to legitimacy—to order—to true liber ty. That Salutary example she now gives. “I have done every thing to insure the security of my subjects, and to preserve Spain from the extreme of misfortune; the infatuation with* which the proposi tions, sent to Madrid, have been rejectedf leaves little holies of fteare. “I have ordered the recal of my Min ister, and one hundred thousand French men, commanded by a Prince of *n,y fa mily, whom it delights my heart to call ray son, are about to march and invoke the God of St. Louis to preserve the throne of Spain to a grandson of Henry IV. to preserve that fine kingdom from ruin, and to reconcile her to Europe. “ Our stations will be promptly rein 'orced wherever nfaritime commerce re quires protection.. Cruisers will be sent out on all parts of the coast which may he menaced. “ If war be inevitable, I will make eve ry effort to confine its circla and limit its •duration. It will only be undertaken to conquer a peace, the attainment of which ■he fire-sent state of Spain renders impos sible. Let Ferdinand VII. be free to give his subjects institutions which they can only hold from him, and which, by insuring their repose, dispel the just dis quietude of France, and* hostilities will from that moment cease. 1 here, gentle men, before you, make this solemn en gagement. It was incumbent upon me to submit to you the stale of our exteri or relations—it was for rne to deliberate ; I have done so maturely; I have consult ed the dignity of my crown, and the se curity ol trance ; we ^;'e, Frenchmen, and we shall be always united in defence of such interests.” OFFICIAL NOTES. '■'ote addressed by the Prussian Minister at ttye Court of Madrid, to Senor San Miguel the Sjianigh Secretary of Po~ reign Affairs. The observations which the undersign ?d Ch'arge <PAfFaires of His Majesty the Ling of Prussia had the honor to submit on the 6th current to His Excellency Senor Col. San Miguel, Secretary of State to His Most Catholic Majfesty, hav ing.becn replied to in a manner far from conformable to the wishes of his Court, finds himself under the necessity of exe cuting a very peremptory order of the Ling, his master, by declaring to the ^Spanish Minister, that his Prussian Ma jesty. can no .longer maintain with Spain relations which, in the present circum* stances4, would be as httle confo'cmable o their object, as to the sentiments of friendship and interest which the King has invariably manifested towards His Catholic Majesty. • In obey mg this order, the undersigned has ui’so to jiiafce his assurances, tbsft the King, his .august sovereign, will never cease to put up the 'most sincere prayers for the happiness of a nation which His Majesty, with the deepest sorrow, per ceives to be in the road to ruin, and •plunged into all the horrors of anarchy and “civil war. * I have the honor to* request that your Excellency will be pleased to transmit me ihe passports necessary for my Iea*v ing Spain; and I renew the assurance of my high consideration. ANSWER. ♦I frave received the note which your Excellency transmitted to me under the date of the 10th, and, contenting myself with stating, in reply, that the wishes of the Government of His Most Catholic Majesty for the happiness of the Prussian states, are not less ardent than those manifested by His Majesty the .King of Prussia towards * Spain, I transmit to your Excelldh£j&,* by royal order, the passports foY.which you have applied. (Dated, the Palace, January 11, 1823, and signed with the usual formalities^) EVARISTO SAN MIGUEL; - ■ THE RUSSIAN NOTE. * The’unoersigned, Charge d’Affaires of his Majesty the Emperor of all the Rus . sias, has seen with real pain that the an swer of his Excellency Senor San Mi guel, to his .verbal communication, made on the 6th o£ ^his month, is very far fi-cfm fulfilling the Wishes of which he was the medium. To place in a still clearer light the jus tice of the cause which he has sustained, and to cause the benevolent intentions of Russia to be appreciated, I have the.ho nor to address officially to his Excellen cy Senor San Miguel, a copy of a des patch which I presented to him. . The facts therein recorded are of gene ral notoriety. No reasoning can change them, and, consequently, the undersign ed can have no motive for altering his first communication. That communication is about to be published to Europe, and Europe will judge between the Powers who are ani mated by the noble desire of doing good, and a Government which appears to her resolved to fill up the cup of the misfor tunes of Spain. With respect to the determination an nounced iiythe note ofhis Excellency Se nor Miguel, all the responsibility will fall on the heads of those persons who are to be considered as its sole authors; and while the same persons deprive their le gitimate Sovereign of his liberty—while they deliver up Spain to all the evils of a-sanguinary anarchy, and'by means of Keeping up a culpable understanding, endeavor to extend to other states* the calamities in which they have involved their own country, Russia can maintain no relation with authorities which toler ate and even excite such disorders. The undersigned has therefore the ho nor to request that his Excellency Senor San Miguel will send to him his pass ports, adding to them passports for the persons who compose the Imperial Le gation at the Court of his Most Catholic Majesty. The undersigned avails himself of this opportunity to renew to his Excellency Senor San Miguel, the assurance of his most distinguished consideration. The COUNT DE BULGARA. Madrid, Dec. 28, (Jan. 9.) ANSWER. I have received the very insolent note which your.Ex-cellencjf transmitted to me * yesterday/the 10th inst. and limiting myself for my sole reply, to stating that you have shamefully abused (perhaps through ignorance) the law. of nations, which' is always respectable in the eyes of the Spanish government, I transmit, by order of His Majesty, the passports you desire, hoping that your Excellency will be pleased to leave this capital with as little delay as’possible. I am, &c. EYARISTO SAN MIGUEL. Jan. 11.' THE AUSTRIAN NOTE. The Allied Sovereigns, assembled at Verona, have been of opinion that they could no longer remain silent on the mis fortunes and disorders which desolate Spain. Their duty and their consciences oblige them to speal?, and the undersign ed Charge d’Affaires»foi* Austria has had the honor of making known to Colonel San Miguel, Secretary o£ State for Fo reign Affairs to bis' Most Catholic Ma jesty, the sentiments apd wishes of the Emperor. The reply which his Excellency gave to this verbal communication proves that the intentions of his Majesty have been misinterpreted, and hi scoffers undervalu ed. The undersigned* will not descend to the point of refuting the calumnious insinuations by which it has been endea vored to distort his real meaning. Very soon Spain and all Europe ivill b*e enabled to judge oi this. But the Court of Aus tria is of opinion .that its disapproval of the causes of the evils which oppress a noble and generous nation, forwhich.it professes so much esteem, and for which it feels so much interest, would not be sufficiently .declared if it continued to maintain, diplomatic relations with the SogMsh government, In execution of his order's* the undersigned, therefore, informs* the Secretary" of State tor fo reign Affairs that his mission is termi nated ;* and requests that his Excellency will have the goodness to forward to him his passports. ; . On this occasion, the undersignet, has ?he honor to offer to his Excellency the homage of his high consideration. COUNT BRUNETTE Madrid, January 10. ANSWER. * I have received the note which your excellency was pleased to remit to me, dated yesterday, the 10th, and having^ now only to say that the government of his Catholic Majesty is indifferent whe ther it maintains relations or not with the Court of Vienna, I send you, by Roy al order, the passports which you have required. I amf See. • EVARTST0 SAN MIGUEL. Madrid, Jan. 11. Cofiy pf a letter addressed by the Count De Bulgari, the Russian Charge d'Af * /hires, to M. San Miguel, dated Mad rid, Jan. 13. Sir: I have received the note which your Excellency Jratfsmitted to me, dated the day befo.re yesterday. The respect which I owe to-the forms and principles admitted fcnd consecrated by all civilized nations, prevents me not only from re plying to that note, but even from mak ing its contents known to my govern ment. I hasten, therefore, to send it back to your, Excellency, for the eyes of the Emperor, ihy tna&ter, must not be disgusted by the pe'Tusai of*.a production •which I abstain from characterizing, and in which his Imperial Majesty and Eu rope would look in vain for the slightest evidence of a government which knows how to respect itself. I have the honor to be, See. Paris? Tuesday Evening.—Thg speech of the.Krtig produced a profound impres sion upon* the assembly. The wishes of all good Fr*enchmen are realized; a King of France speaking to Frenchmen «f the honor and safety of France, will be heard. Ere long, we may say again—-Iln’ya plus de Pyrenees (By a private letter.) Paris, Jan. 28, 2 o'clock, P. M.—This is the most important day in the history of France since the restoration.—France, which owes every thing to a revelation; her legislative assemblies, her code of laws, the internal organization of her go vernment, the divisions of her territory, the titles and offices of the civil function aries, her system of education, the very structure of her society, and even many terms of her language—France* which hears and sees nothing but what is the creation of a vevolution, because, with out imitating her excesses, she has follow ed her example. Private Correspondence. Paris, Jan. 21.-—It is pretty evident that some interruption to the harmony subsisting between the French and Eng lish courts* .lias taken place. The rejec tion of the proffered meditation with re gard to Spain is one cause assigned f but I find other explanations curtent, of which I give the following as a speci men,-without vouching for its.authentici ty. Sir Charles Stuart, it is said, in consequence of having observed that fre quent communications were made from the Russian Ambassador to the French government, Respecting which great se crecy was maintained, complained to Mr. Canning of this ' reserve, as leaving him -entirely uninformed of the policy Rus sia was pursuing on the great question in agitation. Mr. Canning, in reply, gave positive instructions to Sir Charles Stuart to press the French Ministry, and to demand an explanation on this point; when it was disclosed to;our Ambassa dor, with some reluctance, that Russia had been urging the French government, in the strongest manner, to undertake the invasion of Spain; and, to remove all pleas of weakness for the enterprise, had offered to support France, if thought ne cessary, with a force of 400,000 men.— Mr. Canning, it is added, was so indig nant at this want of frankness at the time when the offer of England's mediation was under consideration, that he des patched a messenger to overtake Lord. Fitzroy Somerset, who had just quitted Londo'n, with, instructions to him, imme diately on this arrival at Madrid, to pre pare the basis of a treaty of alliance,1 of- . ferjsive and defensive, between Spain and * England, to be acted on in the event of a declaration oi war by France against Spain. London, Jan. 30.-—The* Eioile of Mon day evening contains t&e following news $ I he Duke of Angoul&me, General issimo.of the French Army, is to set out m a fevy days, hi D’Oudenarde will command the Body Guards which will accompany His Royal Highness. The Marquis of Lauriston sets out in tliree days. Vv e are assured that the Duke oi ban Lorenzo will not assist tbs roy al sitting. The Regency of Spain is to enter Catalonia before the French armr; Generals.Canuel and Donnadieu set off last, night for the Spanish a,w \ve .are assured that‘the manifesto'of the Spanish govern men* ?o Europe, has-ar rivco. i dviSi ii is -Seim to qc tubl ot* wisdom and dignity.” i SELECTED ITEMS. A vessel arrived at Malta on the 16th, of December, which left Napoli di Ka ro an ia on the 9th of December, states that that important fortress was at that time in the hands of the GrAks. The Turks capitulated, and were allowed to take away,the .third part of the consid erable property that they had amassed there. . * The probability of a war between Ai giers^ and . Sp*ain increased—the former considering it lawful to capture every thing encler tbe’fiag of the latter. A Jetter from Persia, date Taberiz, Sept. 20, gives the particulars df a great battle between the Persians and' Turks, in which the army of the latter, amount ing to 52,000 men, was totally defeated. * *Mr. Canning has resigned his place in the House of Commons as Representa- . tive for Liverpool. He has done this from a conviction that he cannot dis charge his duties to his constituents, and < at the saipe time his duties as administer " •THE LATE NEWS Had considerable effect in the NewYork market—Exchange on London fell on Tuesday morningt(l 1th) to about 8 per cent, and the principal quantity of Rice * in market was bought at an early hour, in some instances at an advance of half a dollar per cwt. from the prices of Mon day.—\_Balt. Chran. . . j ■Wjij.i.1— i or**. y CATALOGUE OF HORRORS. . Natches*, (Miss.) Nov. 5.—The steam boat Tennessee, commanded by Captain Campbell, bound for Louisville, with a valuable cargo, and about 120 deck, and 18 or 20 cabin passengers, on the night of the 8th ult. at about 10 o’clock, struck a snag some distance from the shore, which caused her to sink in a very few minutes, consigning to a watery grave THIRrIvfr of her passengers. An occur rence of this kind, involving such deep distress, and in which so many lives were lost, has never before taken place on the Mississippi. The boat and cargo were estimated at $150,000. Baton Rouge, (Lou.) .Feb. 8.-—The steam-boat Alexandria was lost on her way up from New Orleans, on Sunday morning lasjt. About 11 o’clock on Sa turday night, she ran foul of some float ing'wood, which knocked off a part of her sheathing, and went down in a few hours afterwards. The loss cf property, we un derstand, is very considerable, but the passengers and crew were saved. Petersburg, Va. March 10.—On Tues- 1 day nighlrlast, about 10 o’clock, the houseu' of Mrs. Polly Temjile, widow of Joshu^ Temple of Prince George, was visited h'j£ the ravages of fire. It is supposed, the’** family jvad not retired to bed over half an 1 hoar, .when, the house was enveloped* in ■ Jflajnes; and what is most distressing to ^ tell* two of her daughters, one nearly 15, ; and the other 7 or 8 years of age, who oc- ,*f cupied a bed on the upper floor, fell vie- k tints to the fames. The widow and two i other daughters, who slept below, barely ■( had time to make good their retreat. U Four houses were lately burnt atWheel ing. The loss of property was consider able. Mr. Reuben Spencer, a last-maker, from Baltimore, unhappily perished -in 3 the flames. He had escaped, but return- 1 £d for- his trunk—and fell through a floor to into., the flames. His heart-piercing iff shrieks and groans were heard for several :4 ^minutes. By the arrival at Philadelphia, of the S! ship Caledonia, from Canton, information :i! has been received, that a dreadful fire oc- ■■■■)': curred at that place on the 7th of Nov. - last, by which upwards of Ten Thousand R Houses were consumed. The English fap tory and most of the others were destroy-* fet ed. , J k •MU)MCI Henirifce.—^Take sage and salt, of each ] a like quantifcf, arid pound them together. i: then bake tlje .mixture till it be hard, and !l!' make a fine powder thereof, then here with rub the teeth, evenings and morn- ;iv ings, and it will take away ell yellowness.. -1 \ . DIED, J n Maryland, near this place, on Sun tlay last, after a very short illness, Mrs. v Elizabeth Best, at the advanced age of Jl pO years. Ip On the 11th inst. after an illness of but a few days, Mr. Ignatius JamesoiJ, aged :!l !>2 years. He was a wealthy and highly respectable citizen of Frederick coupty, ■ Md, He has left a large family to lament : - the loss of a tender and affectionate, pa- jp rent. • • ■'■#&» WEEKLY' ALMANAC. MARCH, 1823. SUN RISES. 20 Thursday. 21 Friday 22 Saturday 23 Sunday 24 Monday 25 Tuesday 26 Wednesday 0 59 ST 55 54 SUN SETS. moon’s PHASES. ~ c? p a> ■to o> to JO' ^ . O .00., to W