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WEDNESDAY, MAY 28, 1823.
tllE EUROPEAN WAR Has at length commenced, and the de mon of desolation is stalking o’er the plains of the Peninsula. The friends of human rights have to lament, in the on set, the success of the unprincipled myr midons employed to drive freedom from its resting place on the continent; but the hope yet remains, that the ancient Castilian pride and valor will be roused from the slumber of ages, and he exert ed with renovated vigor against the foul instruments of oppression. No war, that ever occurred abroad, has awakened such a deep feeling of interest and sympathy in American bosoms. Indeed, our future welfare is intimately, and, we might say, avjfulliy connected with, and dependent upon, the result. America has always been viewed by the despots of the old World as the nursery of revolutionary principles, and they will not rest satisfied with the extirpation of those principles from Europe only, where they have long been annoyed by them ; hut will extend their unholy interference to the birth place of their troubles. That such will be the case, if Spain is subjugated, no one can doubt. The ha tred existing against us is of the most malignant and deadly character, and will increase as success administers to its un bounded appetite. It behoves us to coun teract it by precautionary steps, and to be prepared to withstand, undaunted, the rude assaults of despotism,for we are,most assuredly, destined to be the next victim if an indulgent Creator can longer tole rate the villanies of those who have com menced a career of carnage and iniquity. The. feeling heart must weep sorely for the sacrifices to human vanity, and the truly pious and devout will raise their supplicating voices, in behalf of the wronged and degraded sons of misfor tune. The Duke d’Angouleme has publish ed a proclamation to the Spaniards, and ©ne to the soldiers of the French invading army, couched in the usual style oi legi timate impudence. In the British House of Commons, a warm altercation took place between Mr. Canning and Mr. Brougham, on a ques tion relative to the Catholics. The speak er and other gentlemen interposed, and the( difference was amicably adjusted. The particulars will be given hereafter. k Almost every paper we receive, brings f accounts of the dreadful ravages of the Fly in the wheat fields. This is truly to be regretted, and will blast the high ex pectations entertained in the early part of the season. It affords another strik ing proof, however, of the fallacy of all human calculations, and gives a strong admonition to those who thank not the God of Harvest for the many blessings hi therto conferred. We cannot always ex pect to be the peculiarly favored people of Heaven. Ingratitude, perverseness, and folly, have long had an undue, influ ence over us, and must be rewarded ac cording to the standard of immutable justice. Peas have been sold in W ashington, during the last week at the rate of eight dollars a bushel, and strawberries at 20 cents a quart. Active preparations have been made for the Great Race at Long Island. At the last dates, more than 20 horses had arrived near the course. Yesterday'was the day to decide the all-important ques tion of northern or southern superiority. NEW YORK, MAY 21. Sea Serpent, Sea Devil, or some other Monster, seen by the ship Douglass, Capt. Brown, from New \ork, bound to Curra coa. Sailed from New York on the 2d of April. On the 6th, at 3 P. M. discov ered, as was supposed, a vessel bottom upwards, three points on the weather bow, braced sharp, and came up within 40 feet of the serpent, being in the form of a turtle, height above water, 10 or 15 feet, length 25 to 30 feet, breadth 12, with oars or flippers on each side one third of the way forward from the tails, length of them twelve to fifteen feet, one on each side near bis tail, 5 or 6 feet in length, tail 20 to 25 feet, with a large lion face over his tail, (or as I should say, the af ter part,) with large eyes, 1 he shell or body of the serpent, looked like a clinker built vessel of 30 tons, bottom up, with the seams or laps newly payed some large barnacles about the body. It was then steering S, E. ; his velocity through the water, l§ knots per hour. A vessel to im foul of this monster, would receive injury. By the course he was then steer ing, he would fetch Bermuda. P. S, Any gentlemen having doubts of the description of this monster, are re ferred to Mr. John Houson, passenger, or the officers and crew of the ship. , JOHN BROWN, C $>MMUKICATE».' On. Thursday'.the 23d itvst. a.n exhibi tiots and examination of tlse Lancasterian School at Harpers-Fer.ry took place in presence of a respectable collection of persons assembled for the occasion, -who witnessed, with much satisfaction, the very neat and orderly appearance of the scholars, and the striking evidences of their rapid progress in their studies. The strict attention of the children to the orders given for their general operations and their prompt execution of those or ders first attracted attention. At intima tions, given in succession by the teacher, the scholars, “ as if one soul had moved them all,” drew their slates from their places, put them in order, and, with one accord, commenced writing upon them, words dictated from a lesson-board at the head of each class respectively, and then, all at once, by direc tion of their Pre ceptor, exhibited their performances to their visitors, who passing along the well adapted seats,examined,leisurely,the neat & handsome specimens of writing, many i of them from children who, ten months | before, knew not how to make a letter. ; The slates were then returned to their i places, the pencils collected, and the writ ing books produced ; the earlier copies of which being compared with the later ones placed in a strong and convincing light the general and constant improve ment of the scholars. Handsomer and better kept books have, we think, seldom or never been exhibited at any school. The Whole then moved from their seats and assembled in classes around their reading lessons, wnen the visitors, pas sing along, from groupe to groupe, exa mined them in succession, and noticed their proficiency in reading. By methods similar to the foregoing were exhibited in succession, the acquire ments of the scholars, in all the different branches of their education : in Ortho graphy ; in Grammar ; in Geography, and inArithmetic. The convincing proofs furnished on this day, of the goodness of the system according to which this school is conducted, and of its correct manage itic 131 uy Lin preceptor, iviaj. liUtas, to whose indefatigable exertions the public are under much obligation, leave no room for doubting- that, if properly supported, it will prove of incalculable advantage to the community. The great number of scholars which may be managed with ad vantage by one person, and the perfect economy with which it is effected,* will always enable the subscribers to secure to the school the services of a teacher of such talents, and at the same time induce him to exert those talents to the utmost. Harpers-Ferry, May 34th, 132?. * The expenses for hooks, pens, ink, paper, Sfcc. it,is understood, are less than one-third of what is usual for those arti cles at common schools. noiifolk, May 16. Arrived in Hampton Roads, brig- Mary Rose,Griswold, of Hartford,Connecticut, 10 days from Matanzas hound to Rich mond. Sailed 5th ihst. in company with brig Mary, Noyes, for New-York, and was convoyed out by two United States’ schooners. Captain Griswold states that there have been no depredations commit ted by the pirates along the coast of Cu ba since the capture of the schooner Pi lot, of this, port; that their hordes and haunts appear to have been completely broken up, at least for the present: still, however, they may have associated them selves with the more honorable part of the community until an opportunity may of fer, when, like the vulture, they can pounce up their prey with effectual suc cess. The steam galliot Sea Gull was at Matanzas when the Mary Rose came out,; she had been taking in coal, and Capt. G. understood she as to leave there the same day for Key West; under stood that the officers and crews of the different vessels composing Com. Por ter’s squadron were ail in good health. \JELerald. BALTIMORE, MAY 2 1. From Si. Johns, (P. Rico.)~-Captain Harrison, arrived at this port yesterday, from St. Johns, P. R. reports, that in the port of St. Johns, American vessels incur the same risk of being plundered by the pirates as in Havana; two or three in stances occurred while the G. S. lay there, and for some time previous to her sailing. Captain H. was under the ne cessity of employing every night, a guard well armed for the protection of the lives and property on board, as he had the most unequivocal proofs of their inten tions to rob and plunder his vessel.— Captain H. feels himself much indebted to, and takes this public method of ac knowledging the obligations he is under to the Captain of the Spanish brig Palo mo, for his timely assistance on several occasions, in furnishing him with arms, &c. The steam boat General Robinson, from New Orleans for Nashville, struck a snag on the 17th ult. just below New Madrid, and sunk. A part of the cargo was saved, and it was supposed the ma chinery would eventually be got out. Prince Murat, son of the ex-king- of Naples, and nephew of the late Napoleon, arrived at NewWork on Monday the 19th, in the Hamburg ship Daphne. News Extraordinary.—We learn by the New York Gazette, that Captain Rogers, who sailed from Jamaica on the 20th ult. states, that a 74 and two fri gates, lying there, fired a salute in con sequence of the receipt of hews that the Island of Cuba had been ceded to Great Britain as security of a loan to Spain; and that the above vessels sailed the next day for Havana.—fMorn.Chronicle. _____ | Po,wder Mill Explosion.—-The Lex- i ington Monitor states, that on the 5th instant, the Powder Mill of Spencer Cooper St Co, in that vicinity, blew up. The powder house, where the pestles worked, was blown to atoms—many of the fragments were lodged in the trees, and scarcely a part left standing. The adjoining house, where six horses were at work at a wheel, was blown down, and the horses much crippled and burnt. No ! lives were lost.—A negro man who at tended the mill, had just stepped out at them mentof the explosion, and escaped - unhurt. Pennsylvania-—The nomination of Mr. Shiilze by a Convention of Republicans, for the office of Governor of the State,of Pennsylvania, which is to take place this summer, has been already noticed. Ah opposition Convention was held at Lew istown, on the 15th inst,. at which seven ty two delegates were present. The re sult of this Convention is, that, after re ceiving a letter from Joseph Heister, declining to be a candidate for re-elec tion, Andrew Gregg was nominated by a large thajority of votes, and recommend ed to the people of the State as the can- j didate of the Convention. WASHINGTON, MAY 20. The U. States’ frigate Congress, Capt. Biddle, dropped down to Hampton Roads on Thursday last, from Norfolk. She is bound to the Delaware river, to take on board Mr. Nelson, our Minister to Spain, and Mr. Rodney, our Minister to Buenos Ayres, with whom she will immediately proceed to their respective destinations. Mr. Rodney takes with him his nume rous family ; Mr. Nelson, for the present, leaves his family in this country. [Nat. Intelligencer. It is reported that Mr. Canning, the Minister of Great Britain to this country, is about to pay a visit to his native land. NEWPORT, MAY 12. Late from South America.—Arrived, brig Catharine, Smith, of this port,from St. Helena, and 30 days from St. Salva dor. Sailed April 12t'n and left no Ame rican vessels. The Portuguese troops continued in possession of the city, and the Brazilians of the country ; there was no communication whatever between them. The inhabitants of the city were in great d istress for the want of fresh pro visions ; beef & pork were selling at half a dollar per lb. ; fowls at three dollars each, arid other articles in proportion : such was the patriotism of the Brazilians that not the least article could pass into the city. A reinforcement arrived from Lisbdi! on the 3th April with 1700 troops, under convoy oi a frigate, making: the whole number of troops there about 4000, tlie Brazilians have upwards ot «000 men, but were in want of officers. The Portuguese squadron at St. Salvador consisted of one 74, three frigates, 6 from 20 to 30 guns, and seven armed trans ports. The British frigates Creole, Com. Hardy, & Doris, Capt. Graham, were al so lying there. All the valuable goods had been removed on board the shipping for safety, but as the rainy season had commenced no military operations of con sequence were expected to take place for some time. Provisions were enor mously high and no sales could be effect ed only from day to day; their paper currency was at a discount of 14 per cent, and gold was worth 20 per cent. A Bri tish packet and a sloop of war had been expected from Rio for nearly a month, and it was supposed they were detained by an embargo; it was also reported, an expedition was fitting out there, under the command of Commodore Jewett. Captain Smith informs, that the Mar quis of Hastings, Governor General of India, from Bengal, arrived at St. Hele na March 17, and sailed again on the 25th, for the Mediterranean. Brig. Gen. Walker, the newly appointed Governor of St. Helena, had arrived, and it was re ported that a tonnage duty of 12 cents per ton, was to be laid on all foreign ves sels. Markets good.—[Mercury. FROM MEXICO.-—Captain Mathews, who left Tampico on the 25th ult. states that on the 9th, the Congress of Mexico decreed that the Ex-Emperor Iturbide should be banished to Itenly, and that he should be allowed a pension of 25,000 dollars pfer annum. Capt. M. has brought dispatches from the Mexican government to its minister here} and from the Ame rican Consul fr'qni\ Ymrk livening Pest. LATE FROM CURRACOA. By the arrival this forenoon of the ship Douglas, Capt. Brown, we have received from our Correspondent, the Curracoa Gazette of the 3d instant, containing an account of the capture of two of the Co lumbian blockading squadron off Porto Cabello. Captain Brown informs us that the small vessels belonging to the squad ron made their escape, and arrived at Curracoa before he sailed, The engage ment took place on the 30th April and lasted one hour and fifteen minutes. From the Curracoa Courant of May 3d. Reported defeat of the Colombian block ading squadron off Islet. JLarga.—The Colombian schooner Carmen, Esmit? master, arrived here yesterday morning from Borburata, and brings the follow ing important intelligence : The Colombian brig- Mosquito, whilst chasing a Spanish felucca, which was beating up to Puerto Cabello, ran ashore close to that port. The corvette Cara bobo was immediately despatched from Borburata to her assistance, and the cor vette Maria Francisca, on board of which Commodore Daniels had embarked, fol lowed soon afterwards for the same pur pose. While they were thus employed a fleet of four sail hove in sight to wind ward, which were soon made out to be two Spanish frigates with two merchant vessels under their convoy. The Cara bobo and Maria Francisca immediately proceeded towards them, about three o’clock in the afternoon they came to ac tion, which lasted till half past five. Capt, Esmit was lying at Borburata at the time of the engagement, and the last that he saw ofthe combatants was about sun down, when, with the help of his telescope, he perceived that the two Spanish vessels had their flags flying. The firing had ceased, and the Colombian vesselshaving no colours hoisted, he concluded that they must have struck. The schooner Kayo, and a large felucca ran out of Pu erto Cabello during the action, and car ried in the two merchant vessels. They afterwards returned to the Spanish fri gates, and were seen lying between them. The brig Indepedencia, Com. Beluche., was also in the action, but escaped, and passed this island yesterday morning, probably proceeding with the unpleasant news to Com. Padille, at Los Taques. Confirmation of the above.-—The Co lombian schooner Rayo, from Borburata, arrived off the harbour this morning, and fully confirms the above statement. The action is stated to have been well contest ed by the Colombian vessels against great superiority of force. The-Spanish, vessels are reported to be one of 54 and the other of 44 guns. It is supposed that great slaughter must have been made on both sides. The Maria Francisca and the Carabobo had both been carried in to Puerto Cabello The official account of this action may be shortly expected here. Four Spanish privateers, it is reported, were cruising off La Guayra, supposed to be from Porto Rico. DIED, On Sunday last, Mr. Peter Conlan, merchant, of this place. Mr. C. was a native of Ireland, but resided in this country for the last four or five years, and had taken the necessary steps to become naturalized. Honesty, probity, and a, a nice sense of honor, were distinguish ing traits in his character, and the recti tude of his conduct secured to him the esteem and good will of all who had in tercourse with him. His remains were conveyed to Fredericktown, and interred in the Catholic cemetery at that place ICE CREAM WILL be prepared at Dr. Weise’s store every Tuesday and Friday afternoons, if fair, if not, the succeeding' fair days. May 28, 1823. New Baking Establishment, MESPECTFULLYinforms his friends and the public generally, at Har pers-Ferry, & vicinity, that he has com menced the BAKING- BUSINESS, in all its branches, at the head of the cg nal, and for the immediate convenience and accommodation of those who may favor him with their custom, he has opened a shop adjoining the store of Dr , Weise, where he intends keeping a con stant supply of the best Bread, Crackers, Cakes § Rusks, and occasionally strong and small Beer, He hopes by strict attention to business, and an earnest desire to please his custo mers, to gain a share of public patronage. May 28th, 1823.—3t. N. B. Long boats supplied with bread, at the shortest notice. BLANK ATTACHMENTS For sale at this office.